by Pat Leonard last modified 2014-09-11 10:47

In Press

McIver, E., M. A. Marchaterre, A. N. Rice, and A. H. Bass. In press. Complex patterns of amplitude modulation in the acoustic repertoire of a toadfish. Journal of Experimental Biology.



Keen, S. C., J. C. Ross, E. T. Griffiths, M. Lanzone, and A. Farnsworth. A comparison of similarity-based approaches in the classification of flight calls of four species of North American wood-warblers (Parulidae). Ecological Informatics.

Eileen L., Marchaterre, Margaret A., Rice, Aaron N., Bass, Andrew H. Novel underwater soundscape: acoustic repertoire of plainfin midshipman fish. The Journal of Experimental Biology. doi:10.1242/jeb.1027722377


Murray, A., A. N. Rice, and C. W. Clark. 2014. Extended seasonal occurrence of humpback whales in Massachusetts Bay. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the U.K. DOI:10.1017/S0025315412001968.   


Rice, A. N., J. T. Tielens, B. J. Estabrook, C. A. Muirhead, A. Rahaman, M. Guerra, and C. W. Clark. 2014. Variation of ocean acoustic environments along the western North Atlantic coast: a case study in context of the right whale migration route. Ecological Informatics DOI:10.1016/j.ecoinf.2014.01.005.

Rice, A. N., K. J. Palmer, C. A. Muirhead, J. T. Tielens, and C. W. Clark. Potential Bryde’s whale (Balaenoptera edeni) calls recorded in the Northern Gulf of Mexico. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America.

Soldevilla, M. S., A. N. Rice, C. W. Clark, and L. P. Garrison. 2014. Passive acoustic monitoring on the North Atlantic right whale calving grounds. Endangered Species Research 25:115-140.



Charif, R. A., Rahaman, A., Muirhead, C. A., Pitzrick, M. S., Warde, A. M., Hall, J. Pyc, C., and Clark, C. W. 2013.Bowhead whale acoustic activity in the southeast Beaufort Sea during late summer 2008-2010. J. Acoust. Soc. Am.

DeRuiter, S. T., I. L. Boyd, D. E. Claridge, C. W. Clark, C. Gagnon, B. L. Southall, and P. L. Tyack. 2013. Delphinid whistle production and call matching during playback of simulated military sonar. Marine Mammal Science 29: E46-E59. DOI:10.1111/j.1748-7692.2012.00587.x.


Hawthorne, D. L., S. Wilde, and D. M. Lee. 2013. Simulations of non-linear spin dynamics in spin polarized dilute He-3-He-4 mixtures. Journal of Low Temperature Physics 171(3-4):165-170.


Hernandez, K. M., D. Risch, D. M. Cholewiak, M. J. Dean, L. T. Hatch, W. S. Hoffman, A. N. Rice, D. Zemeckis, and S. M. Van Parijs. 2013. Acoustic monitoring of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) in Massachusetts Bay: implications for management and conservation. ICES Journal of Marine Science DOI:10.1093/icesjms/fst003.       


Risch, D., Clark, C., Dugan, P., Popescu, M., Siebert, U., & Van Parijs, S. 2013. Minke whale acoustic behavior and multi-year seasonal and diel vocalization patterns in Massachusetts Bay, USA. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 489, 279–295. doi:10.3354/meps10426

Ross, J. C., and P. E. Allen. Random Forest for improved analysis efficiency in passive acoustic monitoring. Ecological Informatics.


Staaterman, E., A. N. Rice, D. A. Mann, and C. B. Paris. 2013. Soundscapes from a Tropical Eastern Pacific reef and a Caribbean Sea reef. Coral Reefs 32:553-557. DOI:10.1007/s00338-012-1007-8.       

Urazghildiiev, I. R. and C. W. Clark. 2013. Comparative analysis of localization algorithms with application to passive acoustic monitoring. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 134, 4418 (2013);

 Williams, R., Clark, C. W., Ponirakis, D. and Ashe, E. 2013. Acoustic quality of critical habitats for three threatened whale populations. Anim. Cons., Zool. Soc. London. Pp. 12.



Castellote, M., C. W. Clark, and M. O. Lammers. 2012. Fin whale (Balaenoptera physalus) population identity in the western Mediterranean Sea. Marine Mammal Science 28:325-344. DOI:10.1111/j.1748-7692.2011.00491.x.


Castellote, M., C. W. Clark, and M. O. Lammers. 2012. Acoustic and behavioral changes by fin whales (Balaenoptera physalus) in response to shipping and airgun noise. Biologocial Conservation 147:115-122. DOI:10.1016/j.biocon.2011.12.021


Ellison, W. T., B. L. Southall, C. W. Clark, and A. Frankel. 2012. A new context-based approach to assess marine mammal behavioral responses to anthropogenic sounds. Conservation Biology 26:21-28. DOI:10.1111/j.1523-1739.2011.01803.x  


MacCurdy, R. B., R. Gabrielson, and K. A. Cortopassi. 2011. Automated wildlife tracking via time-difference of arrival. Pages 1129-1167 in Handbook of Position Location - Theory, Practice and Advances. John Wiley & Sons.


Marchetto, P., A. Strickhart, R. Mack, and H. Cheyne. 2012. Temperature Compensation of a Quartz Tuning-Fork Clock Crystal via Post-Processing. ed. IEEE, Piscataway, NJ.


Morano, J. L., A. N. Rice, J. T. Tielens, B. J. Estabrook, A. Murray, B. L. Roberts, and C. W. Clark. 2012. Acoustically detected year-round presence of right whales in an urbanized migration corridor. Conservation Biology 26:698-707. DOI:10.1121/1.4730890.


Morano, J. L., D. P. Salisbury, A. N. Rice, K. L. Conklin, K. L. Falk, and C. W. Clark. 2012. Seasonal and geographical patterns of fin whale (Balaenoptera physalus) song in the western North Atlantic ocean. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 132:1207-1212. DOI:10.1111/j.1523-1739.2012.01866.x.


Parks, S. E., C. F. Hotchkin, K. C. Cortopassi, and C. W. Clark. 2012. Characteristics of gunshot sound displays by North Atlantic right whales in the Bay of Fundy. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 131:3173-3179.


Sakata, J. T., and S. L. Vehrencamp. 2012. Integrating perspectives on vocal performance and consistency. Journal of Experimental Biology 215:201-209.


Shen, S. -F., S. L. Vehrencamp, R. A. Johnstone, H. - C. Chen, S. - F. Chan, W. - Y. Liao, K. - Y. Lin, and H. -W. Yuan. 2012.  Unfavorable environment limits social confict in Yuhina brunneiceps. Nature Communications 3:885. DOI:10.1038/ncomms1894.


Vu, E. T., D. Risch, C. W. Clark, S. Gaylord, L. Hatch, M. Thompson, D. Wiley, and S. M. Van Parijs. 2012. Humpback whale song occurs extensively on feeding grounds in the western North Atlantic Ocean. Aquatic Biology 14:175-183. DOI:10.3354/ab00390




Berg, K. S., S. Delgado, K. A. Cortopassi, S. R. Beissinger, and J. W. Bradbury. 2011. Vertical transmission of learned signatures in a wild parrot. Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series B - Biological Sciences 279: 585-591. DOI: 10.1242/jeb.073502.


Cramer, E. R. A., M. L. Hall, S. R. deKort, I. J. Lovette, and S. L. Vehrencamp. 2011. Infrequent extra-pair paternity in banded wrens, synchronously-breeding tropical passerines. Condor 113:637-645.


Dugan, P. J., D. W. Ponirakis, J. A. Zollweg, M. S. Pitzrick, J. L. Morano, A. M. Warde, A. N. Rice, C. W. Clark, and S. M. Van Parijs. 2011. SEDNA – bioacoustic analysis toolbox: Matlab platform to support high performance computing, noise analysis, event detection and event modeling.  Proceedings of the IEEE: OCEANS 2011.


Rice, A. N., B. R. Land, and A. H. Bass. 2011. Nonlinear acoustic complexity in a fish "two-voice" system. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B - Biological Sciences 278:3762-3768. DOI:10.1098/rspb.2011.


Shen, S.-F., H. K. Reeve, and S. L. Vehrencamp. 2011. Parental care, cost of reproduction, and reproductive skew: A general costly young model. Journal of Theoretical Biology 284:24-31.


Staaterman E. R., C. W. Clark, A. J. Gallagher, M. S. deVries, T. Claverie, and S. N. Patek. 2011. Rumbling in the benthos: the acoustic ecology of the California mantis shrimp. Aquatic Biology 13:97-105.


Bradbury, J.W. and S. L. Vehrencamp. 2011. Principles of Animal Communication, 2nd ed. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, MA.




Clark, C. W., M. W. Brown, and P. J. Corkeron. 2010. Visual and acoustic surveys for North American right whales, Eubalaena glacialis, in Cape Cod Bay, Massachusetts, 2001-2005: Management implications. Marine Mammal Science 26:837-854.


DiLorio, L., and C. W. Clark. 2010. Exposure to seismic survey alters Blue Whale acoustic communications. Biology Letters 6:51-54.


Dugan, P. J., A. N. Rice, I. Urazghildiiev, and C. W. Clark. 2010. North Atlantic right whale acoustic signal processing: Part I. Comparison of machine learning recognition algorithms. Proceedings of the IEEE: Long Island Systems, Applications, and Technology DOI:10.1109/LISAT.2010.5478268.


Dugan, P. J., A. N. Rice, I. Urazghildiiev, and C. W. Clark. 2010. North Atlantic right whale acoustic signal processing: Part II. Improved decision architecture for auto-detection using multi-classifier combination methodology. Proceedings of the IEEE: Long Island Systems, Applications, and Technology DOI:10.1109/LISAT.2010.5478287.


Lobel, P. S., I. M. Kaatz, and A. N. Rice. 2010. Acoustical behavior of coral reef fishes. Pages 307-386 in Reproduction and Sexuality in Marine Fishes: Evolutionary Patterns and Innovations (K. S. Cole, Ed.). Elsevier Academic Press, San Diego.


Rice, A. N., B. R. Land, and A. H. Bass. 2010. Novel toadfish swimbladder morphology creates nonlinear acoustic complexities. Integrative and Comparative Biology 50:e146.


Shen, S. F., H. C. Chen, S. L. Vehrencamp, and H. W. Yuan. 2010. Group provisioning limits sharing conflict among nestlings in joint-nesting Taiwan yuhinas. Biology Letters 6:318-321. DOI:10.1098/rsbl.2009.1060.


Valsecchi, E., P. J. Corkeron, P. Galli, W. Sherwin, and G. Bertorelle. 2010. Genetic evidence for sex-specific migratory behavior in the western South Pacific humpback whales. Marine Ecology Progress Series 398:275-286.


Wrege, P.H., E.D. Rowland, B.G. Thompson, N. Batruch. 2010. Use of acoustic tools to reveal otherwise cryptic responses of forest elephants to oil exploration. Conservation Biology 24:1578-1585.




Botero, C.A., Boogert, N.J., Vehrencamp, S.L. and Lovette, I.J. 2009. Climatic patterns predict the elaboration of song displays in mockingbirds. Current Biology 19: 1151-1155.             


Botero, C.A., Rossman, R.J., de Kort, S.R. & Vehrencamp, S.L. 2009. Syllable type consistency is related to age, social status, and reproductive success in the tropical mockingbird. Animal Behaviour 77:701-706.           


Bradbury, J.W. and S.L. Vehrencamp (2009). Animal Communication. In: Encyclopædia Britannica Online:            


de Kort, S.R., Bohman, E.R., Cramer, E.R.A. & Vehrencamp, S.L.  2009. The deterrent effect of bird song in territory defense. Behavioral Ecology 20: 200-206.  


de Kort, S.R., Eldermire, E.R., Valderrama S., Botero, C.A. & Vehrencamp, S.L. 2009.  Trill consistency is an age related assessment signal in banded wrens. Proc. Royal Soc. London B. 276: 2315-2321.   


Ellis, JE, TA Langen & EC Berg 2009. Signaling for food and sex? Begging by adult female white-throated magpie-jays. Animal Behaviour DOI:10.1016/j.anbehav.2009.05.024).          


Ellis, JE. 2009. Anti-predator signals as advertisements: Evidence in white-throated magpie-jays. Ethology 115: 522-532.     


Hall, M.L., Molles, L.E., Illes, A.E. & Vehrencamp, S.L. 2009. Singing in the face of death: male banded wrens sing more to playback in their last breeding season. J. Avian Biology 40: 217-224.         


Harding, E.G., Vehrencamp, S.L. & Curtis, P.D. 2009. External characteristics of houses prone to woodpecker damage. Human Wildlife Conflicts 3: 136-144.


Vehrencamp, S.L. 2009. Animal communication: Honesty and deception. In: Encyclopedia of Neuroscience, Vol. 1 (ed. by L.R. Squire). Oxford: Academic Press, pp. 397-406.          


Vehrencamp, S.L. 2009. Forward. In: Reproductive skew in vertebrates: proximate and ultimate causes (ed. by C.B. Jones and R. Hager). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.     


Yorzinski, J.L. & Vehrencamp, S.L. 2009. The effect of predator type and danger level on the mob calls of the American crow (Corvus brachyrhychos). Condor 111: 159-168.             




Botero, C.A., Mudge, A.E., Koltz, A.M., Hochachka, W.M. & Vehrencamp, S.L. 2008. How reliable are the methods for estimating repertoire size? Ethology 114: 1227-1238.           


Cramer, E.R.A., Stenzler, L., Talaba, A.L., Makarerwich, C.A., Vehrencamp, S.L. & Lovette, I.J. 2008. Isolation and characterization of SNP variation at 90 anonymous loci in the banded wren (Thryothorus pleurostictus). Conservation Genetics 9:1657–1660.     


Ellis, JMS 2008. Decay of apparent individual distinctiveness in the begging calls of adult female White-Throated Magpie-jays. Condor 110: 648-657.           


Ellis, JMS 2008. Which call parameters signal threat to conspecifics in white-throated magpie-jay mobbing calls? Ethology 114: 154-163.       


Laidre, M. E. & Vehrencamp, S. L. 2008. Is bird song a reliable signal of aggressive intent? Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 62: 1207-1211.   


Laidre, M.E. 2008. Do captive mandrills invent new gestures? Animal Cognition 11: 179-187.            


Mennill, D.J. & Vehrencamp, S.L. 2008. Animal duets are multifunctional signals: Evidence from microphone array recordings and multi-speaker playback. Current Biology 18:1314-1319.      




Botero, C.A. and S.L. Vehrencamp 2007. Responses of male tropical mockingbirds (Mimus gilvus) to variation in within-song and between song versatility. Auk 124: 185-196.      


Botero, C.A., Riveros, J.M. & Vehrencamp, S.L. 2007. Relative threat and recognition ability in the responses of tropical mockingbirds to song playback. Animal Behaviour 73: 661-669.              


Brar, R.K., L.A. Schoenle, L.M. Stenzler, M.L. Hall, S.L. Vehrencamp, & I.J. Lovette 2007. Eleven microsatellite loci isolated from the Banded Wren (Thryothorus pleurostictus). Molecular Ecology Notes 7: 69-71.    


Buston, P.M., Reeve, H.K., Cant, M.A., Vehrencamp, S.L. & Emlen, S.T. 2007. Reproductive skew and the evolution of group dissolution tactics: a synthesis showing that concession and restraint models make nearly identical predictions. Animal Behaviour 74: 1643-1654. 


Harding, E.G., Curtis, P.D. & Vehrencamp, S.L. 2007. Assessment of management techniques to reduce woodpecker damage to homes. Journal of Wildlife Management 71: 2061-2066.       


Vehrencamp, S.L., Hall, M.L., Bohman, E.R., Depeine, C.D. & Dalziell, A.H. 2007. Song matching, overlapping, and switching in the banded wren: the sender’s perspective. Behavioral Ecology 18: 849-859.  




Brar, R. K., L. A. Schoenle, L. M. Stenzler, M. L. Hall, S. L. Vehrencamp, & I. J. Lovette. 2006. Eleven microsatellite loci isolated from the Banded Wren (Thryothorus pleurostictus). Molecular Ecology Notes 7: 69-71.    


Clark, C.W.; Altman, N.S.. 2011. Acoustic detections of blue whale (Balaenoptera musculus) and fin whale (B. physalus) sounds during a SURTASS LFA exercise, IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering, Volume 31, Issue 1, Jan. 2006 Page(s):120 - 128 Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/JOE.2006.872213


Hall, M. L., A. E. Illes and S. L. Vehrencamp. 2006. Overlapping signals in banded wrens: long-term effects of prior experience on males and females. Behavioral Ecology 17: 260-269.  


Illes, A.E., M.L. Hall and S.L. Vehrencamp. 2006. Trill performance influences male receiver response in the banded wren. Proc. Royal Soc. Lond B 273: 1907-1912. 


Mennill, D.J., J.M. Burt, K.M. Fristrup & S.L. Vehrencamp. 2006. Accuracy of an acoustic location system for monitoring the position of duetting songbirds in tropical forest. J. Acoustic Soc. America 119: 2832-2839.  


Molles, L.E. 2006. Singing complexity of the banded wren Thryothorus pleurostictus: Do switching rate and song-type diversity send different messages? Auk 123: 991-1003. Soc. America 119: 2832-2839.        


Yorzinski, J.L., S.L. Vehrencamp, A.B. Clark & K.J. McGowan. 2006. The inflected alarm caw of the American Crow: differences in acoustic structure among individuals and sexes. Condor 108: 518-529.          




Bower, J. L. and Clark, C. W. 2005. A field test of the accuracy of a passive acoustic location system. Bioacoustics 15: 1-14.        


Burt, J. M. and S. L. Vehrencamp. 2005. Dawn chorus as an interactive communication network. In: Animal Communication Networks (ed. by P.K. McGregor). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 320-343.             


Charif R. A., R. R. Ramey, W. R. Langbauer, K. B. Payne, R. B. Martin, L. M. Brown. 2005. Spatial relationships and matrilineal kinship in Africa savanna elephant (Loxodonta africana) clans. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 57: 327-328.     


Charif, R. A., K. A. Cortopassi, H. K. Figueroa, J. W. Fitzpatrick, K. M. Fristrup, M. Lammerink, M. D. Luneau, Jr., M. E. Powers, K. V. Rosenberg. 2005. Notes and double knocks from Arkansas [letter]. Science 309: 1489.              


Cooper, C. B., and H. Mills. 2005. New software for quantifying incubation behavior from time-series recordings. J. Field Ornithol 76(4):352-356.


Darling, J, and R. S. Sousa-Lima, 2005. Songs indicate interactions between humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) populations in the western and eastern South Atlantic ocean. Marine Mammal Science, 21(3): 557-566.


Kraus, S., M. W. Brown, H. Caswell, C. W. Clark, M. Fujiwara, P. K. Hamilton, R. D. Kenney, A. R. Knowlton, S. Landry, C. A. Mayo, W. A. McLellan, M. J. Moore, D. P. Nowacek, D. A. Pabst, A. J. Read and R. M. Rolland. 2005. North Atlantic right whales in crisis. Science 309: 561-562. 


Laidre, M.E. and Yorzinski, J.L. 2005. The silent bared-teeth face and the crest-raise of the mandrill (Mandrillus sphinx): a contextual analysis of signal function. Ethology 111: 143-157. 


Mennill, D.J. and S.L. Vehrencamp (2005). Sex differences in the singing and duetting behavior of neotropical Rufous-and-White Wrens, Thryothorus rufalbus. Auk 122: 175-186.          


Mills, H. G. and Figueroa, H. K. 2005. Extensible bioacoustical analysis software: Two examples. J. Acoust. Soc. Amer. 117(4): 2525.   


Parks, S. E., P. K.Hamilton, S. D. Kraus, and P. L. Tyack. 2005. The gunshot sound produced by male North Atlantic right whales (Eubalaena glacialis) and its potential function in reproductive advertisement. Marine Mammal Science, 21: 458-475.


Samuel, Y., S. J. Morreale, C. W. Clark, C. H. Greene, and M. E. Richmond. 2005. Underwater, low-frequency noise in a coastal sea turtle habitat, J. Acoust. Soc. Am.117 (3): 1465-1472.             


Trillo, P. A. and S. L. Vehrencamp. 2005. Song types and their structural features are associated with specific contexts in the banded wren, Animal Behaviour 70: 921-935.             




Clark, C. W., and G. C. Gagnon, 2004. Low-frequency vocal behaviors of baleen whales in the North Atlantic: Insights from IUSS detections, locations and tracking from 1992 to 1996. J. Underwater Acoust. (USN), 52(3).          


Clark, C. W., and G. C. Gagnon. 2004. Low-frequency vocal behaviors of baleen whales in the North Atlantic: Insights from IUSS detections, locations and tracking from 1992 to 1996. J. Underwater Acoust. (USN), 52 (3).         


George, J. C. , J. Zeh, R. Suydam, and C. Clark. 2004. Abundance and population trend (1978-2001) of the western Arctic bowhead whales surveyed near Barrow, Alaska. Marine Mammal Science 20:755-773.           


Vehrencamp, S. L. and J. S. Quinn. 2004. Avian joint laying systems. In: Cooperative breeding in birds: recent research and new theory (ed. by W.D. Koenig and J. Dickinson) Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 177-196.         




Clark, C. W., R. Charif, P. Loveday and M. Tasker. 2003. Seasonal occurrences of blue, fin, humpback and minke whales in the eastern north Atlantic based on passive acoustic monitoring. 17th Conference of the European Cetacean Society. Gran Canaria. Abstract, p37. 


deRivera, C. E., P. R. Y. Backwell, J. H. Christy, and S. L. Vehrencamp. 2003. Density affects female and male mate searching in the fiddler crab, Uca beebei.Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 53: 72-83.            


Fristrup, K. M., L. T. Hatch, and C. W. Clark. 2003. Variation in humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) song length in relation to low-frequency sound broadcasts. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 113: 3411-3424. 


Germano, E. and S. L. Vehrencamp. 2003. Hammerheads: Why woodpeckers drum on your house. Living Bird 22: 24-29.          


Mellinger, D. K. and Clark, C. W. 2003. Blue Whale (Balaenoptera musculus) sounds from the North Atlantic. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 114: 1108-1119.


Payne, K. 2003. Sources of social complexity in the three elephant species. In P. Tyack and F. De Waal (Eds.), Animal Social Complexity: Intelligence, Culture, and Individualized Societies. Cambridge University Press: 57-85. 


Payne, K., Thompson, M., and Kramer, L. 2003. Elephant calling patterns as indicators of group size and composition: The basis for an acoustic monitoring system. African Journal of Ecology 41(1): 99-107. 


Vehrencamp, S. L., Ritter, A. R., Keever, M. and Bradbury, J. W. 2003. Responses to playback of local versus distant contact calls in the orange-fronted conure, Aratinga canicularis. Ethology 109: 37-54.            




Bass, A. H. and C. W. Clark. 2002. The physical acoustics of underwater sound communication. Pp. 15-64, in Springer Handbook of Auditory Research (A. M. Simmons, A. Popper and R. R. Fay, eds.). Springer-Verlag, New York.             


C. W. Clark, J. F. Borsani, and G. Notarbartolo-di-Sciara. 2002. Vocal activity of fin whales, Balaenoptera physalus, in the Ligurian Sea. Marine Mammal Science 18(1): 286-294.


Callo P. A., and Fristrup K. 2002. An inexpensive automated site monitor using wildlife telemetry. Wildlife Soc Bull 30: 420-424.     


Charif, R. A., D. K. Mellinger, K. J. Dunsmore, K. M. Fristrup, and C. W. Clark. 2002. Estimated source levels of fin whale (Balaenoptera physalus) vocalizations: adjustments for surface interference. Marine Mammal Science 18 (1): 81-98.             


Clark, C. W., and W. T. Ellison. 2002. Potential use of low-frequency sounds by baleen whales for probing the environment: evidence from models and empirical measurements. In: Echolocation in Bats and Dolphins (J. Thomas, C. Moss and M. Vater, eds.). The University of Chicago Press. 


Croll, D. A., C. W. Clark, A. Acevedo, B. Tershy, S. Flores, J. Gedamke, J. Urban. 2002. Only male fin whales sing loud songs. Nature (417):809.


Fristrup, K. M. and G. R. Harbison. 2002. How do sperm whales catch squids? Marine Mammal Science 18(1): 42-54.


Thomas, R. E., K. M. Fristrup, and P. K. Tyack, 2002. Linking dolphin sounds to movements and behavior using video and multichannel acoustic recordings. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 112(4):1692-1701




Bradbury, J. W. and S. L. Vehrencamp. 2001. Animal Communication. Encyclopaedia Britannica.      


Charif, R. A., P. J. Clapham, and C. W. Clark. 2001. Acoustic detections of singing humpback whales in deep waters off the British Isles. Marine Mammal Science 17(4):751-768.     


Clark, C. W. and Fristrup, K. M. 2001.Baleen whale responses to low-frequency human-made underwater sounds. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 110 (5): 2751.


Croll, D. A., C. W. Clark, J. Calambokidis, W. T. Ellison, and B. R. Tershy. 2001. Effect of Anthropogenic Low-frequency Noise on the Foraging Ecology of Balaenoptera Whales. Animal Conservation (4), 13-27.


de Rivera, C.E. and S.L. Vehrencamp. 2001. Male versus female mate-searching in fiddler crabs: a comparative analysis. Behavioral Ecology. 12: 182-191.       


Frankel, A. S., and Clark, C. W. 2001. ATOC and other factors affecting the distributions and abundance of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) off the north shore of Kauai. Marine Mammal Science 18 (1): 644-662.


Molles, L. E. and S. L. Vehrencamp. 2001. Songbird cheaters pay a retaliation cost: evidence for auditory conventional signals. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B, 268: 2013-2019.             


Molles, L.E. and S.L. Vehrencamp (2001). Neighbour recognition by resident males in the banded wren, Thryothorus pleurostictus, a tropical songbird with high song-type sharing.  Animal Behaviour 61: 119-127.     


Payne, K. 2001.  Communicating over long distances. In D. MacDonald (Ed.), The New Encyclopedia of Mammals. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 


Vehrencamp, S. L. 2001. Is song-type matching a conventional signal of aggressive intentions? Proc. Royal Soc. Lond. B 268:1637-1642.              


Wilson, P. L., and S. L. Vehrencamp. 2001. A test of the deceptive mimicry hypothesis in song-sharing song sparrows. Animal Behaviour 62: Vehrencamp, S. L. 2000.




Bower, J. L. 2000. "Acoustic interactions during naturally occurring territorial conflict in a Song Sparrow neighborhood," Ph.D. thesis, Cornell University.     


Bradbury, J. W. and S. L. Vehrencamp. 2000. Economic models of animal communication. Animal Behaviour 59:259-268.      


Burt, J. M. 2000. Use of a radio microphone array to study banded wren song interactions at the neighborhood level. Journal of the Acous. Soc. Amer. 108(5): 2583. 


C. W. Clark, D. A. Croll, A. Acevado, and Urban-Ramirez. 2000. Multi-modal surveys of fin whales in the Sea of Cortez, Mexico. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 108(5,part2):2539.  


Calupca, T. A., K. M. Fristrup, and C. W. Clark. 2000. A compact digital recording system for autonomus bioacoustic monitoring. J. Acoust. Soc. Amer. 108(5): 2582.        


Charif, R. A., and C. W. Clark. 2000. Acoustic monitoring of large whales off north and west Britain and Ireland: a two-year study, October 1996-September 1998. Joint Nature Conservation Committee(Aberdeen, Scotland) Report No. 313.    


Clark, C. W. and W. T. Ellison. 2000. Calibration and comparison of the acoustic location methods used during the spring migration of the bowhead whale, Balaena mysticetus, off Pt. Barrow, Alaska, 1984-1993. J. Acous. Soc. Am. 107(6):3509-3517. 


Clark, C. W., Croll, D. A., Acevado, and Urban-Ramirez. 2000. Multi-modal surveys of fin whales in the Sea of Cortez, Mexico. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 108 (5, part2): 2539. 


Frankel, A. S., and Clark, C. W. 2000. Behavioral responses of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) to full-scale ATOC signals. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 108(4): 1930-1937. 


Fristrup, K. M. 2000. "A History of Character Concepts in Evolutionary Biology," Chapter One. Pp.13-36, in The Character Concept in Evolutionary Biology by, (Wagner, ed.), Academic Press, New York, 622 pp.         


Handicap, Index, and Conventional Signal Elements of Bird Song. IN: Espmark, Y, Amundsen,T. & Rosenqvist,G. (eds.) 2000. Animal Signals: Signalling and Signal Design in Animal Communication, pp. 277-300. Tapir Academic Press, Trondheim, NORWAY. 1197-1205.           


Mellinger, D. K. and C. W. Clark. 2000. Recognizing transient low-frequency whale sounds by spectrogram correlation. J. Acoust. Soc. Amer., 107(6): 3518-3529. 


Mellinger, D. K., C. Carson, and C. W.Clark. 2000. Characteristics of minke whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) pulse trains recorded near Puerto Rico. Marine Mammal Science 16: 739-756. 


Mills, H. G. 2000. Geographically distributed acoustical monitoring of migrating birds. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 108(5, part 2): 2582. View a Powerpoint show on this presentation.


Tyack, P. L., and C. W. Clark. 2000. Communication and acoustical behavior in dolphins and whales. Pp. 156-224, in Hearing by Whales and Dolphins. Springer Handbook of Auditory Research (W. W. L. Au, A. N. Popper, and R. R. Fay, eds.). Springer-Verlag, New York, 485 pp. 


Vehrencamp, S.L. (2000). Handicap, index, and conventional signal elements of bird song. In: Animal Signals: Signalling and Signal Design in Animal Communication (ed. by Y. Espmark, T. Amundsen & G. Rosenqvist),  Trondheim: Tapir Publishers, pp. 277-300.              


Vehrencamp, S.L. 2000. Evolutionary routes to joint-female nesting in birds. Behavioral Ecology 11(3): 334-344.  


Wilson, P. L., M. C. Towner, and S. L. Vehrencamp. 2000. Survival and song-type sharing in a sedentary subspecies of the Song Sparrow. Condor 102: 355-363.        




Clark, C. W. and Fristrup, K. M. 1999. Signal processing techniques for passive acoustic location and tracking of animals. J. Acoust. Soc. Amer. 106(4): 2188.        


Molles, L. E. and S. L. Vehrencamp. 1999. Repertoire size, repertoire overlap, and singing modes in the banded wren, Thryothorus pleurostictus. Auk 116: 677-689. 


Bradbury, J.B. and S.L. Vehrencamp (1998). Principles of Animal Communication. Sinauer Associates, Inc.: Sunderland, MA          


Clark, C. W., and R. A. Charif. 1998. Acoustic monitoring of large whales to the west of Britain and Ireland using bottom-mounted hydrophone arrays, October 1996-September 1997. Joint Nature Conservation Committee (Aberdeen, Scotland) Report No. 281. 


Frankel, A. S. and Clark, C. W. 1998. Results of low-frequency m-sequence noise playbacks to humpback whales in Hawai'i. Can. J. Zool. 76: 521-535.


Ljungblad, D. K. and Clark, C. W. 1998. Unique calls of the pygmy blue whale recorded off the coast of Chili in Dec 1997 and Jan 1998 during the SOWER 1997/98 program. Rep. int. Whal. Commn. 49: 


Ljungblad, D. K., Clark, C. W. and Shimada, H. 1998. A comparison of sounds attributed to pygmy blue whales (Balaenoptera musculus brevicauda) recorded south of the Madagascar Plateau and those attributed to ‘True” blue whales (Balaenoptera musculus) recorded off Antarctica. Rep. int. Whal. Commn. 49: 439-442.


Clark, C. W. and K. M. Fristup. 1997. Whales '95: A combined visual and acoustic survey of blue and fin whales off Southern California. Report of the International Whaling Commission 47:583-600. 


Clark, C. W., and W. T. Ellison. 1997. Low-frequency signaling behavior in mysticete whales.  J. Acoust. Soc. Am 101(5): 3163. 


Fristrup, K. M and C. W. Clark. 1997. Combining visual and acoustic survey data to enhance density estimation. Report of the International Whaling Commission 47:933-936.


Larom, D., Garstang, M., Payne, K. Raspet, R., and Lindeque, M. 1997. The influence of surface atmospheric conditions on the range and area reached by animal vocalizations. Journal of Experimental Biology 200: 421-431.


Mellinger, D. K. and Clark, C. W. (1997). Methods for automatic detection of mysticete sounds. Marine and Freshwater Behaviour and Physiology 29:163-181          


Bower, J. L. 1996. Acoustic interactions of male song sparrows and their neighbors before, during and after aggressive encounters. Abstract, Animal Behavior Society Meetings. August, 1996. Flagstaff, Arizona.


Clark, C. W. , R. Charif, S. Mitchell, and J. Colby. 1996. Distribution and behavior of the bowhead whale, Balaena mysticetus, based on analysis of acoustic data collected during the 1993 spring migration off Point Barrow, Alaska. Rep. int. Whal. Commn. 46:541-552.      


Frankel, A. S. 1996. Inter-individual variation in the songs of humpback whales. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 99(4): 2556.


Mellinger, D. K. and C. W. Clark. 1996.      Geographical and seasonal variation in blue and finback whale vocalizations. Abstract: J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 99 (4), Pt 2:2534. 


Spikes, C. H.,and C. W.Clark. 1996. Whales '95--Revolutionizing marine mammal monitoring technology. Sea Technology. April 1996. 49-53.


Weilgart, L., Whitehead, H., and Payne, K. 1996.  A colossal convergence. American Scientist, May/June: 278-287.


Bower, J. 1995. The study of acoustic interactions of territorial song sparrows, Melospiza melodia, using passive acoustic tracking. J. Acoustical Soc Amer. 97(5): 3354.


Bower, J. L. 1995. Patterns of acoustic interactions of territorial song sparrows, Melospiza melodia. Abstract, Animal Behavior Society Meetings. July, 1995. Lincoln, Nebraska.  


Clark, C. W. 1995. Acoustic tracking of whales using hydrophone arrays: implications for behavioral studies and population estimates.  J. Acoust. Soc. of Am. 97(5):3352. 


Clark, C. W. 1995. Application of US Navy underwater hydrophone arrays for scientific research on whales. Annex M (Matters Arising out of a Discussion of Blue Whales), Rep. int. Whal. Commn. 45: 210-212. 


Frankel, A. S., and C. W. Clark. 1995. Using combined acoustic tracking and visual observation techniques to study humpback whales. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 97(5):3353. 


Mellinger, D. K., and C. W. Clark. 1995. Characteristics of fin and blue whale vocalizations recorded from IUSS in the north and west Atlantic. Eleventh Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, December 1995, Orlando, FL. Abstract. p. 76. 


Mills, H. G. 1995. Automatic detection and classification of nocturnal migrant bird calls. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 97(5): 3370.


Clark, C. W. 1994. Basic understandings of whale bioacoustics: Potential impacts of man-made sounds from oceanographic research. J. Acoust. Soc of Am., 96 (5): 3269.   


Clark, C. W. 1994. Blue deep voices: Insights from the Navy's Whales '93 program. Whalewatcher 28 (1):6-11.  


Clark, C. W. and D.K. Mellinger. 1994. Application of Navy IUSS for whale research. 128th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, Austin, TX, Nov., 1994. Abstract: J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 96 (5), Pt.2, p. 3315. 


Frankel, A. S. and C. W. Clark. 1994. A review of the effects of sound on cetaceans. J. Acoust. Soc of Am. 96 (5): 3250. 


Clark, C. W. and W. T. Ellison. 1993. Bioacoustics of baleen whales; from infrasonics to complex songs. J. Acoust. Soc of Am., 94(3): 1830. 


Clark, C. W., C. J. Gagnon, and D. K. Mellinger. 1993. Whales '93: the application of the Navy IUSS for low-frequency marine mammal research. Tenth Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, Galveston, TX, Nov. 1993: Abstracts, p.3. 


Ellison, W. T., K. S. Weixel, and C. W. Clark. 1993. Variations in received level from man-made low-frequency underwater noise sources as a function of diving animal depth. J. Acoust. Soc of Am., 94 (3), Part 2: 1850. 


Gagnon, C. J., and Clark, C. W. 1993. The use of US Navy IUSS passive sonar to monitor the movement of blue whales. Invited paper, Tenth Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, Galveston, TX. Nov. 1993. Abstract. p. 50. 


Nishimura, C. E., and Clark, C. W. 1993. Underwater earthquakes noise levels and its possible effect on marine mammals.  J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 94 (3), Pt.2:1849. 


Wursig, B., and C. W. Clark. 1993. Behavior. In J. Burns, J. Montague, and C. J. Cowles (Eds.), The Bowhead Whale. pp 157-199. Allen Press, Lawrence, KS: The Society for Marine Mammalogy. 


Zeh, J. E., C. W. Clark, J. C. George, D. Withrow, G. M. Carroll, and W. R. Koski. 1993. Current Population Size and Dynamics. In J. Burns, J. Montague, and C. J. Cowles (Eds.), The Bowhead Whale, pp 409-489. Allen Press, Lawrence, KS: The Society for Marine Mammalogy. 


Clark, C. W., and J. L. Bower. 1992. Intercall intervals and acoustic tracks of bowhead whales off Point Barrow, Alaska, based on passive acoustics. Abstract (SC/43/PS20) published in Rep. int. Whal. Commn. 42:761. 


Clark, C. W., J. L. Bower, L. M. Brown, and W. T. Ellison. 1992. Received levels for bowhead whale sounds recorded off Point Barrow, Alaska in spring 1988: preliminary results. Abstract (SC/43/PS21) published in Rep. int. Whal. Commn. 42:761. 


Clark, C. W., L. M. Brown, K. von der Heydt, A. Baggeroer, and I. Dyer. 1992. Acoustic detections of bowhead whales from the East Greenland-Spitsbergen stock in spring 1989. Abstract (SC/43/PS19) published in Rep. Int. Whal. Commn. 42:760-761. 


Payne, K. and Langbauer, Jr., W.R. 1992. Elephant communication. In J. Shoshani (Ed.), Elephants: Majestic Creatures of the Wild. Emmaus, PA: Rodale Press, pp. 116-123. 


Zeh, J. E., A. E. Rafferty, J. C. George, and C. W. Clark. 1992. A review of bowhead whale, Balaena mysticetus, population estimation methods and results, 1978-1986. Abstract (SC/43/PS7), Rep. int. Whal. Commn. 42:759. 


Langbauer, Jr., W. R., Payne, K., Charif, R., Rapaport, E., and Osborn, F. 1991. African elephants respond to distant playbacks of low‑frequency conspecific calls. Journal of Experimental Biology 157: 35-46. 


Clark, C. W. 1990. Acoustic tracks of migrating bowhead whales, Balaena mysticetus, off Point Barrow, Alaska based on vocal characteristics. Abstract (SC/41/PS6) published in Rep. Int. Whal. Commn. 40:596-597.         




Clark, C. W. 1989. Call tracks of bowhead whales based on call characteristics as an independent means of determining tracking parameters. Report of the sub-committee on protected species and aboriginal subsistence whaling, Appendix. Rep. Int. Whal. Commn. 39:111-112.  


Clark, C. W. and W. T. Ellison. 1989. Numbers and distributions of bowhead whales, Balaena mysticetus, based on the 1986 acoustic study off Pt. Barrow, Alaska. Rep. Int. Whal. Commn. 39:297-303. 


George, J. C., C. Clark, G. M. Carroll, and W. T. Ellison. 1989. Observations on the ice-breaking and ice navigation behavior of migrating bowhead whales (Balaena mysticetus) near Point Barrow, Alaska, spring 1985. Arctic Journal 42:24-30. 


Langbauer, W.R., Jr., Payne, K., Charif, R. and Thomas, E. 1989. Responses of captive African elephants to playbacks of low-frequency calls. Canadian Journal of Zoology 67: 2604-2607.


Clark, C. W. and W. T. Ellison. 1988. Numbers and distributions of bowhead whales, Balaena mysticetus, based on the 1985 acoustic study off Pt. Barrow, Alaska. Rep. Int. Whal. Commn. 38:312-320. 


Clark, C. W. 1988. Singing in the ice. The Living Bird Quarterly 4:10-16.       


Poole, J., Payne, K., Langbauer, Jr., W. R., and Moss, C. 1988. The social contexts of some very low-frequency calls of African elephants. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 22: 385-392. 


Clark, C. W., W. T. Ellison, K. and Beeman. 1987. Progress report on the analysis of the spring 1985 acoustic data regarding migrating bowhead whales, Balaena mysticetus, near Point Barrow, Alaska. Rep. Int Whal. Commn. 37:395. 


Ellison, W. T., C. W. Clark, and G. C. Bishop. 1987. Potential use of surface reverberation by bowhead whales, Balaena mysticetus, in under-ice navigation: preliminary considerations. Rep. Int. Whal. Commn. 37:329-332. 


Ellison, W. T., R. M. Sonntag, and C. W. Clark. 1987. Comparison of measured bowhead whale, Balaena mysticetus, migration parameters with results from the tracking algorithm. Rep. Int. Whal. Commn. 37:309-312. 


Clark, C. W., Ellison, W. T., Beeman, K. 1986. Acoustic tracking and distribution of migrating bowhead whales, Balaena mysticetus, off Point Barrow, Alaska in the spring of 1984. Rep. Int. Whal. Commn. 36:502. 


Clark, C. W., W. T. Ellison, and K. Beeman. 1986. Acoustic tracking of migrating bowhead whales. Oceans 86, IEEE Oceanic Eng. Soc., New York. pp. 341-346. 


Payne, K., Langbauer, Jr., W. R., and Thomas, E. 1986. Infrasonic calls of the Asian elephant (Elephas maximus). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 18: 297-301.


Sonntag, R. M., W. T. Ellison, C. W. Clark, D. R. Corbit & B. D. Krogman. 1986. A description of a tracking algorithm and its implications to bowhead whale acoustic location data collected during the spring migration near Point Barrow, Alaska 1984-1985. Rep. Int. Whal. Commn. 36:299-310. 


Clark, C. W. and Johnson, J. H. 1984. The sounds of the bowhead whale, Balaena mysticetus, during the spring migrations of 1979 and 1980. Can. J. Zool. 62:1436-1441.