Clements Checklist

Updates & Corrections – August 2015

2015 UPDATES and CORRECTIONS, to accompany the eBird/Clements Checklist v2015 spreadsheet
Posted 7 August 2015

The Updates and Corrections are grouped into four sections. Within each section, items are listed in the order in which they are encountered in the eBird/Clements Checklistv2015 spreadsheet, although we also continue to reference by page number the relevant entry in the last published edition of the Clements Checklist (sixth edition, 2007).

The four sections are

Species – gains and losses   (posted 7 August 2015)

Orders and Families – gains, losses, and changes to order or family composition or nomenclature   (posted 7 August 2015)

Standard Updates and Corrections – all other changes, listed in sequence below as they occur in the spreadsheet (text added 16 March 2016.)

 

 

Groups – a list of new groups   (posted 7 August 2015)

SPECIES

SPECIES GAINS (splits and newly discovered species)

 

page 2, Common Ostrich  Struthio camelus

In accord with the Taxonomic Sub-Committee of the BOU Records Committee (Sangster et al. 2015), we split Ostrich into two species: Common Ostrich Struthio camelus, and Somali Ostrich Struthio molybdophanes. Common Ostrich is polytypic, and includes subspecies camelus, syriacus (which is extinct), massaicus, and australis; Somali Ostrich is monotypic.

Reference:

Sangster, G., J.M. Collinson, P.-A. Crochet, G.M. Kirwan, A.G. Knox, D.T. Parkin, and S.C. Votier. 2015. Taxonomic recommendations for Western Palaearctic birds: 10th report. Ibis 157: 193-200.

 

page 73, Gray Peacock-Pheasant  Polyplectron bicalcaratum

The monotypic group Gray Peacock-Pheasant (Hainan) Polyplectron bicalcaratum katsumatae is elevated to species rank as Hainan Peacock-Pheasant Polyplectron katsumatae (Davison et al. 2012 and references cited therein).

Reference:

Davison, G.W.H., J. Chiang, Z. Zhang, and D. Chen. 2012. Full tree resolution of Polyplectron Temmink, 1813, confirms species status of Hainan P. katsumatae Rothschild, 1906, and Bornean Peacock-Pheasants P. schleiermacheri Brüggemann, 1877. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 132: 251-259.

 

page 70, Chinese Bamboo-Partridge  Bambusicola thoracicus

Chinese Bamboo-Partridge is split into two monotypic species (Hung et al. 2014): Chinese Bamboo-Partridge Bambusicola thoracicus and Taiwan Bamboo-Partridge Bambusicola sonorivox.

Reference:

Hung, C.-M., H.-Y. Hung, C.-F. Yeh, Y.-Q. Fu, D. Chen, F. Lei, C.-T. Yao, C.-J. Yao, X.-J. Yang, Y.-T. Lai, and S.-H. Li. 2014. Species delimitation in the Chinese bamboo partridge Bambusicola thoracica (Phasianidae; Aves). Zoologica Scripta 43: 562–575.

 

page 13, Townsend’s Shearwater  Puffinus auricularis

Each of the three subspecies (and monotypic groups) of Townsend’s Shearwater is elevated to species rank, in accord with NACC (Chesser et al. 2015):  Townsend’s Shearwater (Puffinus auricularis); Newell’s Shearwater (Puffinus newelli); and Rapa Shearwater (Puffinus myrtae). This split is based on “differences in plumage (Howell et al. 1994), morphology and breeding chronology (Ainley et al. 1997), and feeding ecology (Spear et al. 1995) comparable to or greater than the differences among other valid species of small shearwater” (Chesser et al. 2015.

References:

Ainley, D.G., T.C. Telfer, and M.H. Reynolds. 1997. Townsend’s and Newell’s Shearwater (Puffinus auricularis). In A. Poole (editor), Birds of North America Online. Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York.

Chesser, R.T., R.C. Banks, K.J. Burns, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, A.G. Navarro-Sigüenza, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2015. Fifty-sixth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American birds. Auk 132: 748-764.

Howell, S.N.G. ,L.B. Spear, and P. Pyle. 1994. Identification of Manx-type shearwaters in the eastern Pacific. Western Birds 25: 169-177.

Spear, L.B., D.G. Ainley, N. Nur, and S.N.G. Howell. 1995. Population size and factors affecting at-sea distributions of four endangered procellariids in the tropical Pacific. Condor 97: 613-638.

 

page 24, Olive Ibis  Bostrychia olivacea

The monotypic group Olive Ibis (Sao Tome) Bostrychia olivacea bocagei is recognized as a separate species, Sao Tome Ibis Bostrychia bocagei.

 

page 46, Common Buzzard  Buteo buteo

Two species are split from within Common Buzzard.

The monotypic group Common Buzzard (Himalayan) Buteo buteo burmanicus is elevated to species rank as Himalayan Buzzard, following Kruckenhauser et al. (2004), Lerner et al. (2008), and Rasmussen and Anderton (2012). This newly recognized species takes the English name Himalayan Buzzard. Formerly the name refectus was used for this taxon by most authors, and in earlier versions of the eBird/Clements Checklist, but we adopted the name burmanicus in 2011 (eBird/Clements Checklist 6.6), following Rasmussen and Anderton (2005) and Penhallurick and Dickinson (2008). The type of burmanicus is believed to represent a migrant, however, and not the resident population (Stresemann and Amadon 1979: 372, Dickinson and Svensson 2012), and so the scientific name for Himalayan Buzzard reverts to Buteo refectus.

The polytypic group Common Buzzard (japonicus) Buteo buteo [japonicus Group] is elevated to species rank as Eastern Buzzard Buteo japonicus, following Kruckenhauser et al. (2004) and Lerner et al. (2008); this species includes the subspecies japonicus, toyoshimai, and oshiroi.

References:

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Svensson. 2012. A new name for a buzzard from the Himalayas. Bulletin of the British Ornitholgists’ Club 132: 221.

Kruckenhauser, L., E. Haring, W. Pinsker, M.J. Riesing, H. Winkler, M. Wink, and A. Gamauf. 2004. Genetic vs. morphological differentiation of Old World buzards (genus Buteo, Accipitridae). Zoologica Scripta 33: 197–211.

Lerner, H.R.L., M.C. Klaver, and D.P. Mindell. 2008. Molecular phylogenetics of the buteonine birds of prey (Accipitridae). Auk 304: 304-315.

Penhallurick, J., and E.C. Dickinson. 2008. The correct name of the ‘Himalayan Buzzard’ is Buteo (buteo) burmanicus. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 128: 131-132.

Rasmussen, P.C., and J.C. Anderton. 2005. Birds of South Asia. The Ripley guide. Volume 2: attributes and status. Smithsonian Institution and Lynx Edicions, Washington D.C. and Barcelona.

Rasmussen, P.C., and J.C. Anderton. 2012. Birds of South Asia. The Ripley guide. Volume 2: attributes and status. Second edition. Smithsonian Institution and Lynx Edicions, Washington D.C. and Barcelona.

Stresemann, E., and D. Amadon. 1979. Order Falconiformes. Pages 271-425 in E. Mayr and G.W. Cottrell (editors), Check-list of birds of the world. Volume I, second edition. Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

 

page 46, Mountain Buzzard  Buteo oreophilus

The monotypic group Mountain Buzzard (Forest) Buteo oreophilus trizonatus is elevated to species rank as Forest Buzzard Buteo trizonatus, following Clark (2007).

Reference:

Clark, W.S. 2007. Taxonomic status of the Forest Buzzard Buteo oreophilus trizonatus. Ostrich 78: 99-102.

 

pages 84-85, Purple Swamphen  Porphyrio porphyrio

Purple Swamphen is split, following Garcia-R. and Trewick (2015), and each of the six previously recognized groups is elevated to species rank:

Western Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio, which is monotypic;

Black-backed Swamphen Porphyrio indicus, which includes subspecies viridis and indicus; African Swamphen, Porphyrio madagascariensis, which is monotypic;

Australasian Swamphen Porphyrio melanotus, which includes subspecies pelewensis, melanopterus, bellus, melanotus, and samoensis;

Philippine Swamphen Porphyrio pulverulentus, which is monotypic; and

Gray-headed Swamphen Porphyrio poliocephalus, which includes subspecies caspius, seistanicus, and poliocephalus.

Reference:

Garcia-R., J.C., and S.A. Trewick. 2015. Dispersal and speciation in purple swamphens (Rallidae: Porphyrio). Auk 132: 140–155.

 

page 85, Takahe  Porphyrio mantelli

Takahe is split into two species, North Island Takahe (Porphyrio mantelli) and South Island Takahe (Porphyrio hochstetteri), following Trewick (1997), Gill et al. (2010), and Garcia-R. and Trewick (2015).

References:

Garcia-R., J.C., and S.A. Trewick. 2015. Dispersal and speciation in purple swamphens (Rallidae: Porphyrio). Auk 132: 140–155.

Gill, B.J., B.D. Bell, C.K. Chambers, D.G. Medway, R.L. Palma, R.P. Scofield, A.J.D. Tennyson, and T.H. Worthy (Checklist Committee, Ornithological Society of New Zealand). 2010. Checklist of the birds of New Zealand. Te Papa Press and the Ornithological Society of New Zealand, Wellington, New Zealand.

Trewick, S.A. 1997. Flightlessness and phylogeny amongst the endemic rails (Aves: Rallidae) of the New Zealand region. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 352: 429‐446.

 

 

page 95, Dusky Woodcock  Scolopax saturate

Each of the two monotypic groups in Dusky Woodcock is recognized as a separate species: Javan Woodcock Scolopax saturata and New Guinea Woodcock Scolopax rosenbergii (Mittermeier et al. 2014).

Reference:

Mittermeier, J.C., R.C. Burner, C.H. Oliveros, D.M. Prawiradilaga, M. Irham, T. Haryoko, and R.G. Moyle. 2014. Vocalisations and display behaviour of Javan Woodcock Scolopax saturata support its status as a distinct species. Forktail 30: 130-131.

 

page 122, Dark-eared Dove  Phapitreron cinereiceps

The two monotypic groups of Dark-eared Dove, Dark-eared Dove (Mindanao) Phapitreron cinereiceps brunneiceps and Dark-eared Dove (Tawitawi) Phapitreron cinereiceps cinereiceps, each are elevated to species rank as Mindanao Brown-Dove Phapitreron brunneiceps and Tawitawi Brown-Dove Phapitreron cinereiceps, following Collar et al. (1999).

Reference:

Collar, N.J., N.A.D. Mallari, and B.R. Tabaranza, Jr. 1999. Threatened birds of the Philippines. The Haribon Foundation/BirdLife International Red Data Book. Haribon Foundation and BirdLife International, Makati City, Philippines.

 

page 155, Asian Koel  Eudynamys scolopaceus

We revise the classification of koels (Eudynamys) to follow Schodde and Mason (1997). As a result, both of the polytypic groups of Asian Koel, Asian Koel (Asian) Eudynamys scolopaceus [scolopaceus Group] and Asian Koel (Pacific) Eudynamys scolopaceus [orientalis Group] are recognized as species: Asian Koel Eudynamys scolopaceus and Pacific Koel Eudynamys orientalis. As part of the same revision, however, Australian Koel Eudynamys cyanocephalus is lumped with Pacific Koel; this taxon retains recognition, however, as a polytypic group, Pacific Koel (Australian) Eudynamys orientalis cyanocephalus/subcyanocephalus.

Reference:

Schodde, R., and I.J. Mason. 1997. Aves (Columbidae to Coraciidae). Volume 37.2 in W.W.K. Houston and A. Wells (editors), Zoological  Catalogue of Australia. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne.

 

page additon (2015), Desert Owl  Strix hadorami

A startling development in 2013 was the description of a new species of owl, Omani Owl Strix omanensis, similar to but different from Hume’s Owl Strix butleri (Robb et al. 2013). No less startling is a more recent suggestion that Strix omanensis is a new name for (i.e., junior synonym of) Strix butleri; that butleri is not widespread but is restricted to Oman; and that all owls in the previously known range of Hume’s Owl in fact represent a new species, Desert Owl Strix hadorami (Kirwan et al. 2015). We are not certain that this is the final word on the subject, but we follow the latest findings, and wait to see if there are further developments. Change the names of the owl with distribution “Deserts of Syria, Jordan, Arabia, Sinai Pen. and n Egypt” from Hume’s Owl Strix butleri to Desert Owl Strix hadorami; and change the name of the owl with distribution “central Al Hajar mountains, northern Oman” from Omani Owl Strix omanensis to Omani Owl Strix butleri.

References:

Kirwan, G.M., M. Schweizer, and J.L. Copete. 2015. Multiple lines of evidence confirm that Hume’s Owl Strix butleri (A. O. Hume, 1878) is two species, with description of an unnamed species (Aves: Non-Passeriformes: Strigidae). Zootaxa 3904: 28-50.

Robb, M.S., A.B. van den Berg, and M. Constantine. 2013. A new species of Strix owl from Oman. Dutch Birding 35: 275-310.

 

page 185, Cave Swiftlet  Collocalia linchi

The monotypic group Cave Swiftlet (Bornean) Collocalia linchi dodgei is elevated to species rank as Bornean Swiftlet Collocalia dodgei (Moyle et al. 2008). With the elevation of this group to species rank, the polytypic group Cave Swiftlet (Cave) Collocalia linchi [linchi Group] is dissolved.

Reference:

Moyle, R.G., P.A. Hosner, J. Nais, M. Lakim, and F.H. Sheldon. 2008. Taxonomic status of the Kinabalu ‘linchi’ swiftlet. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 128: 94-100.

 

page 192, Long-billed Hermit  Phaethornis longirostris

The two monotypic groups Long-billed Hermit (Jalisco) Phaethornis longirostris griseoventer and Long-billed Hermit (Mexican) Phaethornis longirostris mexicanus are split from Long-billed Hermit and together form a separate polytypic species, Mexican Hermit (Phaethornis mexicanus), in accord with NACC, This split is based on “differences in vocalizations, behavior, genetics, and morphology (Arbeláez-Cortés and Navarro-Sigüenza 2013, Howell 2013, McGuire et al. 2014)” (Chesser et al. 2015). Mexican Hermit contains two subspecies, each recognized as a monotypic group: Mexican Hermit (Jalisco) Phaethornis mexicanus griseoventer, and Mexican Hermit (Mexican) Phaethornis mexicanus mexicanus.

References:

Arbeláez-Cortés, E., and A.G. Navarro-Sigüenza. 2013. Molecular evidence of the taxonomic status of western Mexican populations of Phaethornis longirostris (Aves: Trochilidae). Zootaxa 3716: 81-97.

Chesser, R.T., R.C. Banks, K.J. Burns, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, A.G. Navarro-Sigüenza, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2015. Fifty-sixth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American birds. Auk 132: 748-764.

Howell, S.N.G. 2013. Taxonomy and song of Mexican Hermit Phaethornis mexicanus. Neotropical Birding 13: 4-7.

McGuire, J.A., C.C. Witt, J.V. Remsen, Jr., A. Corl, D.L. Rabosky, D.L. Altshuler, and R. Dudley. 2014. Molecular phylogenetics and the diversification of hummingbirds. Current Biology 24: 910-916.

 

page 202, Blossomcrown  Anthocephala floriceps

In accord with SACC (Proposals 654 and 669), each of the two subspecies of Blossomcrown now is recognized as a separate species: Santa Marta Blossomcrown Anthocephala floriceps, and Tolima Blossomcrown Anthocephala berlepschi. This split is based on Lozano-Jaramillo et al. (2014).

Reference:
Lozano-Jaramillo, M., A. Rico-Guevara, and C.D. Cadena. 2014. Genetic differentiation, niche divergence, and the origin and maintenance of the disjunct distribution in the Blossomcrown Anthocephala floriceps (Trochilidae). PLoS ONE 9: e108345.

 

page 210, Bahama Woodstar  Calliphlox evelynae

Bahama Woodstar is split into two monotypic species, Bahama Woodstar (Calliphlox evelynae) and Inagua Woodstar (Calliphlox lyrura), in accord with NACC, based on “differences in calls, songs, mechanical sounds, morphology, and genetics (Feo et al. 2015)” (Chesser et al. 2015).

References:

Chesser, R.T., R.C. Banks, K.J. Burns, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, A.G. Navarro-Sigüenza, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2015. Fifty-sixth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American birds. Auk 132: 748-764.

Feo, T.J., J.MN. Musser, J. Berv, and C.J. Clark. 2015. Divergence in morphology, calls, song, mechanical sounds, and genetics supports species status for the Inaguan hummingbird (Trochilidae: Calliphloxevelynaelyrura). Auk 132: 248-264.

 

page 196, Plovercrest  Stephanoxis lalandi

In accord with SACC (Proposal 664, based on Cavarzere et al. 2014), Plovercrest Stephanoxis lalandi is split into two monotypic species: Green-crowned Plovercrest Stephanoxis lalandi and Violet-crowned Plovercrest Stephanoxis loddigesii.

Reference:

Cavarzere, V., L.F. Silveira, M.F. de Vasconcelos, R. Grantsau, and F.C. Straube. 2014. Taxonomy and biogeography of Stephanoxis Simon, 1897 (Aves: Trochilidae). Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia 54: 6-79.

 

page 217, Variable Dwarf-Kingfisher  Ceyx lepidus

Variable Dwarf-Kingfisher is split into 15 monotypic species, following Andersen et al. (2013): Dimorphic Dwarf-Kingfisher Ceyx margarethae; Sula Dwarf-Kingfisher Ceyx wallacii; North Moluccan Dwarf-Kingfisher Ceyx uropygialis; Seram Dwarf-Kingfisher Ceyx lepidus; Buru Dwarf-Kingfisher Ceyx cajeli; Papuan Dwarf-Kingfisher Ceyx solitarius; Manus Dwarf-Kingfisher Ceyx dispar; New Ireland Dwarf-Kingfisher Ceyx mulcatus; New Britain Dwarf-Kingfisher Ceyx sacerdotis; Bougainville Dwarf-Kingfisher Ceyx pallidus; New Georgia Dwarf-Kingfisher Ceyx collectoris; North Solomons Dwarf-Kingfisher Ceyx meeki; Malaita Dwarf-Kingfisher Ceyx malaitae; Guadalcanal Dwarf-Kingfisher Ceyx nigromaxilla; and Makira Dwarf-Kingfisher Ceyx gentianus.

Reference:

Andersen, M.J., C.H. Oliveros, C.E. Filardi, and R.G. Moyle. 2013. Phylogeography of the Variable Dwarf-Kingfisher Ceyx lepidus (Aves: Alcedinidae) inferred from mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences. Auk 130: 118-131.

 

page 221, Tuamotu Kingfisher  Todiramphus gambieri

Each of the two subspecies of Tuamotu Kingfisher (Todiramphus gambieri) is recognized as a separate species, following Andersen et al. (2015a): Niau Kingfisher (Todiramphus gertrudae) and Mangareva Kingfisher (Todiramphus gambieri).

Reference:

Andersen, M.J., H.T. Shult, A. Cibois, J.-C. Thibault, C.E. Filardi, and R.G. Moyle. 2015a. Rapid diversification and secondary sympatry in Australo-Pacific kingfishers (Aves: Alcedinidae: Todiramphus). Royal Society Open Science 2: 140375.

 

pages 220-221, Collared Kingfisher  Todiramphus chloris

Collared Kingfisher is split into six species, following Andersen et al. (2015a): Pacific Kingfisher (Todiramphus sacer); Colonist Kingfisher (Todiramphus colonus); Torresian Kingfisher (Todiramphus sordidus); Collared Kingfisher (Todiramphus chloris); Mariana Kingfisher (Todiramphus albicilla); and Melanesian Kingfisher (Todiramphus tristrami). Pacific Kingfisher includes many subspecies previously included in Collared Kingfisher (torresianus, santoensis, juliae, erromangae, tannensis, sacer, pealei, manuae, pavuvu, mala, amoenus, sororum, solomonis, brachyurus, vicina, ornatus, utupuae, melanodera, and marinus), and also includes three subspecies (vitiensis, eximius, and regina) that we previously classified as subspecies of Sacred Kingfisher (Todiramphus sanctus).

Reference:

Andersen, M.J., H.T. Shult, A. Cibois, J.-C. Thibault, C.E. Filardi, and R.G. Moyle. 2015a. Rapid diversification and secondary sympatry in Australo-Pacific kingfishers (Aves: Alcedinidae: Todiramphus). Royal Society Open Science 2: 140375.

 

page 220, Micronesian Kingfisher  Todiramphus cinnamominus

Micronesian Kingfisher is split into three species, following Andersen et al. (2015a): Palau Kingfisher (Todiramphus pelewensis; monotypic); Guam Kingfisher (Todiramphus cinnamominus; includes subspecies cinnamominus and miyakoensis); and Pohnpei Kingfisher (Todiramphus reichenbachii; monotypic). The sequence of Todiramphus kingfishers is revised, based largely on Andersen et al. (2015a).

Reference:

Andersen, M.J., H.T. Shult, A. Cibois, J.-C. Thibault, C.E. Filardi, and R.G. Moyle. 2015a. Rapid diversification and secondary sympatry in Australo-Pacific kingfishers (Aves: Alcedinidae: Todiramphus). Royal Society Open Science 2: 140375.

 

pages 50-51, Eurasian Kestrel  Falco tinnunculus

The monotypic group Eurasian Kestrel (Rock) Falco tinnunculus rupicolus is elevated to species rank as Rock Kestrel Falco rupicolus, following Groombridge et al. (2002) and Hockey et al. (2005).

References:

Groombridge, J.J., C.G. Jones, M.K. Bayes, A.J. van Zyl, J. Carrillo, R.A. Nichols, and M.W. Bruford. 2002. A molecular phylogeny of African kestrels with reference to divergence across the Indian Ocean. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 25: 267‐277.

Hockey, P.A.R., W.R.J. Dean, and P.G. Ryan (editors). 2005. Roberts Birds of southern Africa. Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town.

 

page 136, Bluebonnet  Northiella haematogaster

The monotypic group Bluebonnet (Naretha) Northiella haematogaster narethae is elevated to species rank as Naretha Bluebonnet Northiella narethae, based on Dolman and Joseph (2014).

Reference:

Dolman, G., and L. Joseph. 2015. Evolutionary history of birds across southern Australia: structure, history and taxonomic implications of mitochondrial DNA diversity in an ecologically diverse suite of species. Emu 115: 35-48.

 

page 298, Blackish Antbird  Cercomacra nigrescens

The monotypic group Blackish Antbird (Riparian) Cercomacra [now Cercomacroides] nigrescens fuscicauda is recognized as a separate species, Riparian Antbird Cercomacroides fuscicauda, following SACC Proposal 636. This split is based on Mayer et al. 2014.

Reference:

Mayer, S., P. Coopmans, N, Krabbe, and M.L. Isler. 2014. Vocal evidence for species rank of Cercomacra nigrescens fuscicauda J. T. Zimmer. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 134: 145-154.

 

page (addition 2015), Boa Nova Tapaculo  Scytalopus gonzagai

Reference:

Maurício, G.N., R. Belmonte-Lopes, J.F. Pacheco, L.F. Silveira, B.M. Whitney, and M.R. Bornchein. 2014. Taxonomy of “Mouse-colored Tapaculos” (II): An endangered new species from the montane Atlantic Forest of southern Bahia, Brazi (Passeriformes: Rhinocryptidae: Scytalopus). Auk 131: 643-659.

 

page 289, Lineated Woodcreeper  Lepidocolaptes albolineatus

As part of the same taxonomic revision that led to the recognition of a new species of woodcreeper (Inambari Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes fatimalimae), Rodrigues et al. (2013) further proposed that each of the four subspecies of Lineated Woodcreeper be elevated to species rank. This taxonomic revision was endorsed by SACC (Proposal 620 and Proposal 660): Duida Woodcreeper (Lepidocolaptes duidae); Guianan Woodcreeper (Lepidocolaptes albolineatus); Rondonia Woodcreeper (Lepidocolaptes fuscicapillus); and Layard’s Woodcreeper (Lepidocolaptes layardi). The sequence of species in the “Lineated Woodcreeper complex” is revised, in accord with SACC.

Reference:

Rodrigues, E.B., A. Aleixo, A. Whittaker, and L.N. Naka. 2013. Molecular systematics and taxonomic revision of the Lineated Woodcreeper complex (Lepidocolaptes albolineatus: Dendrocolaptidae), with description of a new species from southwestern Amazonia. Pages 248-252 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, and D. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Special volume. New species and global index. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

page 274, Rusty-backed Spinetail  Cranioleuca vulpina

In accord with NACC, the monotypic group Rusty-backed Spinetail (Coiba) Cranioleuca vulpina dissita is elevated to species rank as Coiba Spinetail (Cranioleuca dissita), “on the basis of differences in vocalizations, genetics, and behavior (Ridgely and Gwynne 1989, Derryberry et al. 2011)” (Chesser et al. 2015). As a result, the polytypic group Rusty-backed Spinetail (Rusty-backed) Cranioleuca vulpina [vulpina Group] no longer has relevance, and is deleted.

References:

Chesser, R.T., R.C. Banks, K.J. Burns, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, A.G. Navarro-Sigüenza, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2015. Fifty-sixth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American birds. Auk 132: 748-764.

Derryberry, E.P., S. Claramunt, G. Derryberry, R.T. Chesser, J. Cracraft, A. Aleixo, J.Pérez-Emán, J.V. Remsen, Jr., and R.T. Brumfield. 2011. Lineage diversification and morphological evolution in a large-scale continental radiation: the Neotropical ovenbirds and woodcreepers (Aves: Furnariidae). Evolution 65: 2973–2986.

Ridgely, R.S., and J.A. Gwynne, Jr. 1989. A guide to the birds of Panama with Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and Honduras. Second edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 562, White-naped Honeyeater  Melithreptus lunatus

Each of the two monotypic groups of White-naped Honeyeater is recognized as a separate species, based on Toon et al. (2010) and Dolman and Joseph (2015):  White-naped Honeyeater (Eastern) Melithreptus lunatus lunatus becomes White-naped Honeyeater Melithreptus lunatus; and White-naped Honeyeater (Western) Melithreptus lunatus chloropsis becomes Gilbert’s Honeyeater Melithreptus chloropsis.

References:

Dolman, G., and L. Joseph. 2015. Evolutionary history of birds across southern Australia: structure, history and taxonomic implications of mitochondrial DNA diversity in an ecologically diverse suite of species. Emu 115: 35-48.

Toon, A., J.M. Hughes, and L. Joseph. 2010. Multilocus analysis of honeyeaters (Aves: Meliphagidae) highlights spatio-temporal heterogeneity in the influence of biogeographic barriers in the Australian monsoonal zone. Molecular Ecology 19: 2980-2994.

 

page 580, Kokako  Callaeas cinereus

Kokako is split into two species, North Island Kokako Callaeas wilsonia and South Island Kokako Callaeas cinereus (Gill et al. 2010).

Reference:

Gill, B.J., B.D. Bell, C.K. Chambers, D.G. Medway, R.L. Palma, R.P. Scofield, A.J.D. Tennyson, and T.H. Worthy (Checklist Committee, Ornithological Society of New Zealand). 2010. Checklist of the birds of New Zealand. Te Papa Press and the Ornithological Society of New Zealand, Wellington, New Zealand.

 

Page 580, Saddleback  Philesturnus carunculatus

Saddleback Philesturnus carunculatus is split into two species, North Island Saddleback Philesturnus rufusater and South Island Saddleback Philesturnus carunculatus (Gill et al. 2010).

Reference:

Gill, B.J., B.D. Bell, C.K. Chambers, D.G. Medway, R.L. Palma, R.P. Scofield, A.J.D. Tennyson, and T.H. Worthy (Checklist Committee, Ornithological Society of New Zealand). 2010. Checklist of the birds of New Zealand. Te Papa Press and the Ornithological Society of New Zealand, Wellington, New Zealand.

 

page 513, Chestnut Quail-thrush  Cinclosoma castanotum

Chestnut Quail-thrush is split into two species, following Dolman and Joseph (2015): Chestnut Quail-thrush Cinclosoma castanotum, which is monotypic; and Copperback Quail-thrush Cinclosoma clarum, which includes the subspecies clarum and fordianum.

Reference:

Dolman, G., and L. Joseph. 2015. Evolutionary history of birds across southern Australia: structure, history and taxonomic implications of mitochondrial DNA diversity in an ecologically diverse suite of species. Emu 115: 35-48.

 

page 474, Asian Paradise-Flycatcher  Terpsiphone paradisi

Asian Paradise-Flycatcher is split into three species, following Fabre et al. (2012) and Andersen et al. (2015): Amur Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone incei; Blyth’s Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone affinis; and Indian Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone paradisi. Amur Paradise-Flycatcher is monotypic. Blyth’s Paradise-Flycatcher includes the following subspecies: burmae, indochinensis, affinis, nicobarica, madzoedi, australis, borneensis, procera, insularis, sumbaensis, and floris. Indian Paradise-Flycatcher includes the subspecies leucogaster, paradisi, ceylonensis, and saturatior.

References:

Andersen, M.J., P.A. Hoster, C.E Filardi, and R.G. Moyle. 2015. Phylogeny of the monarch flycatchers reveals extensive paraphyly and novel relationships within a major Australo-Pacific radiation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 67: 336–347.

Fabre, P.-H., M. Irestedt, J. Fjeldså, R. Bristol, J.J. Groombridge, M. Irham, and K.A. Jønsson. 2012. Dynamic colonization exchanges between continents and islands drive diversification in paradise-flycatchers (Terpsiphone, Monarchidae). Journal of Biogeography 39: 1900-1918.

 

page 482, Northern Scrub-Robin  Drymodes superciliaris

The New Guinea subspecies of Northern Scrub-Robin (beccarii, nigriceps, and brevirostris) are elevated to species rank as Papuan Scrub-Robin Drymodes beccarii (Christidis et al. 2011, Pratt and Beehler 2015).

References:

Christidis, J., M. Irestedt, D. Rowe, W.E. Boles, and J.A. Norman. 2011. Mitochondrial and nuclear DNA phylogenies reveal a complex evolutionary history in the Australasian robins (Passeriformes: Petroicidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 61: 726–738.

Pratt, T.K., and B.M. Beehler. 2015. Birds of New Guinea. Second edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page addition (2015), Sichuan Bush-Warbler  Locustella chengi

Alström et al. (2015b) describe a new species, Sichuan Bush-Warbler Locustella chengi, from China. Insert this species immediately following Russet Bush-Warbler Locustella mandelli. The range of Sichuan Bush-Warbler is “breeds in southern China (Shaanxi, Sichuan, Guizhou, Hubei, northwestern Hunan, and northwestern Jiangxi; nonbreeding range unknown”.

Reference:

Alström, P., C. Xia, P.C Rasmussen, U. Olsson, B. Dai, J. Zhao, P.J. Leader, G.J. Carey, L. Dong, T. Cai, P.I Holt, H.L. Manh, G. Song,  Y. Liu, Y. Zhang, and F. Lei. 2015b. Integrative taxonomy of the Russet Bush Warbler Locustella mandelli complex reveals a new species from central China. Avian Research 6: 9.

 

page 444, Subalpine Warbler  Sylvia cantillans

In accord with the Taxonomic Sub-Committee of the BOU Records Committee (Sangster et al. 2015), the monotypic group Subalpine Warbler (moltonii) Sylvia cantillans moltonii is elevated to species rank as Moltoni’s Warbler Sylvia subalpina. Note the change in the species name: subalpina is an older name that applies to the population formerly known as moltonii.

Reference:

Sangster, G., J.M. Collinson, P.-A. Crochet, G.M. Kirwan, A.G. Knox, D.T. Parkin, and S.C. Votier. 2015. Taxonomic recommendations for Western Palaearctic birds: 10th report. Ibis 157: 193-200.

 

page addition (2015), Sulawesi Streaked Flycatcher  Muscicapa sodhi

Harris et al. (2014) describe a new species of Muscicapa flycatcher, Sulawesi Streaked Flycatcher Muscicapa sodhi, with range “Sulawesi foothill forest”. Although new to the eBird/Clements Checklist, this taxon has previously been available for listing in eBird as “Muscicapa [undescribed form] Sulawesi Brown Flycatcher (undescribed form)”. Position the new species immediately following Asian Brown Flycatcher (Muscicapa latirostris).

Reference:

Putra, P.D. Round, and F.E. Rheindt. 2014. A new species of Muscicapa flycatcher from Sulawesi, Indonesia. PLoS One 9: e112657

 

page 450, Snowy-browed Flycatcher  Ficedula hyperythra

The Philippine subspecies of Snowy-browed Flycatcher are split as a new species, Bundok Flycatcher Ficedula luzoniensis (Moyle et al. 2015). Bundok Flycatcher includes the subspecies calayensis, luzoniensis, rara, nigrorum, malindangensis, daggayana, montigena, and matutumensis. The sequence of these subspecies is revised.

Reference:

Moyle, R.G., P.A. Hosner, A.W. Jones, and D.C. Outlaw. 2015. Phylogeny and biogeography of Ficedula flycatchers (Aves: Muscicapidae): Novel results from fresh source material. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 82: 87–94.

 

page 404, Scaly Thrush  Zoothera dauma

Scaly Thrush is split into four species, following Rasmussen and Anderton (2005): White’s Thrush Zoothera aurea; Scaly Thrush Zoothera dauma; Nilgiri Thrush Zoothera neilgherriensis; and Sri Lanka Thrush Zoothera imbricata. White’s Thrush contains two subspecies, aurea and toratugumi; and Scaly Thrush includes the subspecies dauma, major, and horsfieldi, each of which also is recogized as a monotypic group. Nilgiri Thrush and Sri Lanka Thrush are monotypic.

Reference:

Rasmussen, P.C., and J.C. Anderton. 2005. Birds of South Asia. The Ripley guide. Volume 2: attributes and status. Smithsonian Institution and Lynx Edicions, Washington D.C. and Barcelona.

 

page 408, Eurasian Blackbird  Turdus merula

Subspecies mandarinus and sowerbyi of Eurasian Blackbird are split as a separate species, Chinese Blackbird (Turdus mandarinus) (Nylander et al. 2008).

Reference:

Nylander, J.A.A., U. Olsson, P. Alström, and I. Sanmartín. 2008. Accounting for phylogenetic uncertainty in biogeography: a Bayesian approach to dispersal-vicariance analysis of the thrushes (Aves: Turdus). Systematic Biology 57: 257-268.

 

page 694, Bay-winged Cowbird  Agelaioides badius

In accord with SACC (Proposal 641) and with recent literature (e.g., Jaramillo and Burke 1999, Mazar Barnett and Pearman 2001, Ridgely and Tudor 2009), change the English name of Agelaioides badius from Bay-winged Cowbird to Baywing. Also in accord with SACC (Proposal 642), each of the two groups in Baywing is elevated to species rank. Thus, in very short order, Bay-winged Cowbird becomes Baywing, which then is split into two separate species, Grayish Baywing Agelaioides badius (with subspecies badius and bolivianus) and Pale Baywing Agelaioides fringillarius.

References:

Jaramillo, A., and P. Burke. 1999. New World blackbirds: the icterids. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Mazar Barnett, J., and M. Pearman. 2001. Lista comentada de las aves argentinas/Annotated checklist of the birds of Argentina. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Ridgely, R.S., and G. Tudor. 2009. Field guide to the songbirds of South America. The passerines. University of Texas Press, Austin, Texas.

 

page 639, Apapane  Himatione sanguinea

In accord with NACC (Chesser et al. 2015), each of the two subspecies of Apapane is recognized as a species: Apapane Himatione sanguinea and Laysan Honeycreeper Himatione fraithii (Pratt and Pratt 2001, Pratt 2005). Laysan Honeycreeper is extinct, last seen in 1923.

References:

Chesser, R.T., R.C. Banks, K.J. Burns, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, A.G. Navarro-Sigüenza, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2015. Fifty-sixth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American birds. Auk 132: 748-764.

Pratt, H.D. 2005. The Hawaiian honeycreepres: Drepanidinae. Oxford University Press, New York and Oxford, United Kingdom.

Pratt, H.D., and T.K. Pratt. 2001. The interplay of species concepts, taxonomy, and conservation: lessons from the Hawaiian avifauna. Pages 68-80 in J.M. Scott, S. Conant, and C. Van Riper, III (editors), Evolution, ecology, conservation, and management of Hawaiian birds: a vanishing avifauna. Studies in Avian Biology number 22.

 

page 638, Nukupuu  Hemignathus lucidus

In accord with NACC (Chesser et al. 2015), each of the three subspecies of Nukupuu is recognized as a species: Kauai Nukupuu Hemignathus hanapepe; Oahu Nukupuu Hemignathus lucidus; and Maui Nukupuu Hemignathus affinis (Pratt et al. 2001, Pratt and Pratt 2001). Note that Oahu Nukupuu is extinct, Kauai Nukupuu probably is extinct, and Maui Nukupuu also may well be extinct.

References:

Chesser, R.T., R.C. Banks, K.J. Burns, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, A.G. Navarro-Sigüenza, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2015. Fifty-sixth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American birds. Auk 132: 748-764.

Pratt, H.D. 2005. The Hawaiian honeycreepres: Drepanidinae. Oxford University Press, New York and Oxford, United Kingdom.

Pratt, H.D., and T.K. Pratt. 2001. The interplay of species concepts, taxonomy, and conservation: lessons from the Hawaiian avifauna. Pages 68-80 in J.M. Scott, S. Conant, and C. Van Riper, III (editors), Evolution, ecology, conservation, and management of Hawaiian birds: a vanishing avifauna. Studies in Avian Biology number 22.

 

page 638, Greater Akialoa  Hemignathus ellisianus

Each of the three subspecies of Greater Akialoa, all extinct!, are elevated to species rank (Olson and James 1995, Pratt 2014, Chesser et al. 2015). Also, all members of the Greater Akialoa complex are removed from Hemignathus, and are placed in the genus Akialoa, following Olson and James (1995), Pratt (2014), Chesser et al. (2015), and references cited therein. As a result, the species resulting from this split take the names Oahu Akialoa (Akialoa ellisiana); Kauai Akialoa (Akialoa stejnegeri); and Maui-nui Akialoa (Akialoa lanaiensis) (Olson and James 1995, Pratt 2014, Chesser et al. 2015).

References:

Chesser, R.T., R.C. Banks, K.J. Burns, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, A.G. Navarro-Sigüenza, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2015. Fifty-sixth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American birds. Auk 132: 748-764.

Olson, S.L., and H.F. James. 1995. Nomenclature of the Hawaiian akialoas and nukupuus (Aves: Drepanidini). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 108: 373-387.

Pratt, H.D. 2014. A consensus taxonomy for the Hawaiian honeycreepers. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science, Louisiana State University number 85.

 

page 638, Akepa  Loxops coccineus

In accord with NACC (Chesser et al. 2015), each of the three subspecies of Akepa os recognized as a species: Hawaii Akepa Loxops coccineus; Oahu Akepa Loxops wolstenholmei; and Maui Akepa Loxops ochraceus (Pratt 2010, Pratt 2014). The Oahu Akepa has been extinct since at least 1900 and the Maui Akepa is probably extinct.

References:

Chesser, R.T., R.C. Banks, K.J. Burns, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, A.G. Navarro-Sigüenza, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2015. Fifty-sixth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American birds. Auk 132: 748-764.

Pratt, H.D. 2010. Family Drepanididae (Hawaiian honeycreepers). Pages 618-659 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 15. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Pratt, H.D. 2014. A consensus taxonomy for the Hawaiian honeycreepers. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science, Louisiana State University number 85.

 

SPECIES LOSSES (lumps and other deletions) 

page (addition 2013), Kangaroo Island Emu  Dromaius baudinianus

The extinct dwarf emu on Kangaroo Island is lumped with the mainland Emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae), following Heupink et al. (2011).

Reference:

Heupink, T.H., L. Huynen, and D.M. Lambert. 2011. Ancient DNA suggests Dwarf and ‘Giant’ Emu are conspecific. PLoS ONE 6: e18728.

 

page 699, King Island Emu  Dromaius ater

The extinct dwarf emu on King Island is lumped with the mainland Emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae), following Heupink et al. (2011). Those authors did not directly address the species status of the emu on King Island, but if the Kangaroo Island population is lumped, then the same should be true of the population on King Island. Also, the name ater, previously used for the emu on King Island, apparently is a junior synonym of novaehollandiae (Matthews 1927); the next available name for this population is minor (Dickinson and Remsen 2013). As a result, the scientific name for the emu of King Island changes from Dromaius ater to Dromaius novaehollandiae minor.

References:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

Heupink, T.H., L. Huynen, and D.M. Lambert. 2011. Ancient DNA suggests Dwarf and ‘Giant’ Emu are conspecific. PLoS ONE 6: e18728.

Mathews, G.M. 1927. Systema Avium Australasianarum. British Ornithologists’ Union, London.

 

page 155, Australian Koel  Eudynamys cyanocephaluss

We revise the classification of koels (Eudynamys) to follow Schodde and Mason (1997). As a result, both of the polytypic groups of Asian Koel, Asian Koel (Asian) Eudynamys scolopaceus [scolopaceus Group] and Asian Koel (Pacific) Eudynamys scolopaceus [orientalis Group] are recognized as species: Asian Koel Eudynamys scolopaceus and Pacific Koel Eudynamys orientalis. As part of the same revision, however, Australian Koel Eudynamys cyanocephalus is lumped with Pacific Koel; these taxa retain recognition, however, as a polytypic group, Pacific Koel (Australian) Eudynamys orientalis cyanocephalus/subcyanocephalus.

Reference:

Schodde, R., and I.J. Mason. 1997. Aves (Columbidae to Coraciidae). Volume 37.2 in W.W.K. Houston and A. Wells (editors), Zoological  Catalogue of Australia. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne.

 

page 157, Kai Coucal  Centropus spilopterus

The poorly known Kai Coucal is lumped with Pheasant Coucal Centropus phasianinus (Payne 2005). We create a new monotypic group for this taxon, Pheasant Coucal (Kai) Centropus phasianinus spilopterus.

Reference:
Payne, R.B. 2005. The cuckoos. Oxford University Press, New York and Oxford, United Kingdom.

 

page addition (2013), Sucunduri Flycatcher  Tolmomyias sucunduri

Sucunduri Flycatcher is a recently described species (Whitney et al. 2013) that was added, provisionally, to eBird/Clements Checklist 6.8, pending review by SACC of the proposed new species. Based on current information, SACC has voted to not recognize sucunduri as a species (SACC Proposal 646), opting instead to consider sucunduri as a subspecies of Yellow-margined Flycatcher (Tolmomyias assimilis). Consequently we follow SACC in treating sucunduri as a subspecies, although we recognize it as a monotypic group, Yellow-margined Flycatcher (Sucunduri) Tolmomyias assimilis sucunduri.

Reference:

Whitney, B.M., F. Schunck, M.A. Rêgo, and L.F. Silveira   2013. A new species of flycatcher in the Tolmomyias assimilis radiation from the lower Sucunduri-Tapajós interfluvium in central Amazonian Brazil heralds a new chapter in Amazonian biogeography. Pages 297-300 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, and D. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Special volume. New species and global index. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

page addition (2013), Campina Jay  Cyanocorax hafferi

Campina Jay Cyanocorax hafferi is a recently described species (Cohn-Haft et al. 2013) that was added, provisionally, to eBird/Clements Checklist 6.8, pending review by SACC of the proposed new species. SACC has voted to not recognize hafferi as a species (SACC Proposal 635). Consequently we now classify hafferi as a subspecies of Azure-naped Jay Cyanocorax heilprini, although we recognize it as a monotypic group, Azure-naped Jay (Campina) Cyanocorax heilprini hafferi.

Cohn-Haft, M., M.A. Santos Junior, A.M. Fernandes, and C.C. Ribas. 2013. A new species of Cyanocorax jay from savannas of the central Amazon. Pages 306-310 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, and D. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Special volume. New species and global index. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

page addition (2013), Inambari Gnatcatcher  Polioptila attenboroughi

Inambari Gnatcatcher is a recently described species (Whittaker et al. 2013) that was added, provisionally, to eBird/Clements Checklist 6.8, pending review by SACC of the proposed new species. Based on current information, SACC has voted to not recognize attenboroughi as a species (SACC Proposal 619). Consequently we now classify attenboroughi as a subspecies of Guianan Gnatcatcher Polioptila guianensis, although we also recognize it as a monotypic group, Guianan Gnatcatcher (Inambari) Polioptila guianensis attenboroughi.

Reference:

Whittaker, A., A. Aleixo, B.M. Whitney, B.T. Smith, and J. Klicka. 2013. A distinctive new species of gnatcatcher in the Polioptila guianensis complex (Aves: Polioptilidae) from western Amazonian Brazil. Pages 301-305 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, and D. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Special volume. New species and global index. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

SPECIES RATIFICATION

addition (2013), Inambari Woodcreeper  Lepidocolaptes fatimalimae

We provisionally added Inambari Woodcreeper to the eBird/Clements Checklist 6.8 (August 2013), although at that time this proposed new species had not yet been accepted by SACC. Ratification of this species was accomplished in SACC Proposal 620. Revise the range description from “western Amazonia: Ecuador south to Bolivia and east, south of the Amazon, to Brazil west of the Madeira River” to “western Amazonia, south of the Amazon: eastern Peru south to Bolivia and east to Brazil west of the Madeira River”.

 

As a review, the following South American species that we have accepted on a provisional basis still await the completion of their review by SACC:

 

page (addition 2013), Western Puffbird  Nystalus obamai

We provisionally added Western Puffbird (Nystalus obamai) to the eBird/Clements Checklist 6.8 (2013), with the caution “this description has not yet been reviewed by SACC”. Since then, Nystalus obamai has been reviewed and not accepted by SACC (Proposal 617). SACC Proposal 617 addressed two issues: whether to recognize Nystalus obamai as a species, and whether to elevate to species rank both of the two subspecies of Striolated Puffbird (Nystalus striolatus), as had been proposed by Whitney et al. (2013). Members of SACC expressed more enthusiasm for recognizing obamai than in the splitting striolatus; a proposal focused on the recognition of obamai now is pending with SACC (Proposal 679), so we await the outcome. In the meantime we continue to recognize Nystalus obamai in the eBird/Clements Checklistv2015, although its status continues to be provisional, pending a final decision on its status by SACC.

Reference:

Whitney, B.M., V. de Q. Piacentini, F. Schunck, A. Aleixo, B.R.S. de Sousa, L.F. Silveira, and M.A. Rêgo. 2013. A name for Striolated Puffbird west of the Rio Madeira with revision of the Nystalus striolatus (Aves: Bucconidae) complex. Pages 240-244 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, and D. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Special volume. New species and global index. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

page (addition 2013), Roosevelt Antwren  Epinecrophylla dentei

Now pending with SACC (Proposal 589), which if accepted also would enact additional splits in Stipple-throated Antwren (Epinecrophylla haematonota).

 

page (addition 2013), Chico’s Tyrannulet  Zimmerius chicomendesi

Surprisingly, still no proposal to recognize this species has been submitted to SACC (!).

ORDERS AND FAMILIES

ORDERS (newly recognized orders)

page 228, Coraciiformes Leptosomidae (Cuckoo-Roller)

Cuckoo-Roller is not closely related to Rollers (Coraciidae) and Ground-Rollers (Brachypteraciidae) (Hackett et al. 2008, Burleigh et al. 2015). Cuckoo-Roller is removed from the order Coraciiformes, and is placed in a new, monotypic order, Leptosomiformes. Move Cuckoo-Roller to a new position, immediately following Coliiformes, Mousebirds (Coliidae).

References:

Burleigh, J.G., R.T. Kimball, and E.L. Braun. 2015. Building the avian tree of life using a large-scale, sparse supermatrix. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 84: 53-63.

Hackett, S.J., R.T. Kimball, S. Reddy, R.C.K. Bowie, E.L. Braun, M.J. Braun, J.L. Chojnowski, W.A. Cox, K.-L. Han, J. Harshman, C.J. Huddleston, B.D. Marks, K.J. Miglia, W.S. Moore, F.H. Sheldon, D.W. Steadman, C.C. Witt, and T. Yuri. 2008. A phylogenomic study of birds reveals their evolutionary history. Science 320: 1763-1768.

 

page 228, Coraciiformes Upupidae (Hoopoes)

pages 228-229, Coraciiformes Phoeniculidae (Woodhoopoes and Scimitar-bills)

pages 229-231, Coraciiformes  Bucerotidae (Hornbills)

page 231, Coraciiformes Bucorvidae (Ground-Hornbills)

Hoopoes (Upupidae), Woodhoopoes and Scimitar-bills (Phoeniculidae), Ground-Hornbills (Bucorvidae), and Hornbills (Bucerotidae) are not members of the order Coraciiformes (Hackett et al. 2008, Burleigh et al. 2015). These families are removed from Coraciiformes, and are placed in a new order, Bucerotiformes. Move Bucerotiformes to a new position, immediately following Trogoniformes, Trogons (Trogonidae).References:

Burleigh, J.G., R.T. Kimball, and E.L. Braun. 2015. Building the avian tree of life using a large-scale, sparse supermatrix. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 84: 53-63.

Hackett, S.J., R.T. Kimball, S. Reddy, R.C.K. Bowie, E.L. Braun, M.J. Braun, J.L. Chojnowski, W.A. Cox, K.-L. Han, J. Harshman, C.J. Huddleston, B.D. Marks, K.J. Miglia, W.S. Moore, F.H. Sheldon, D.W. Steadman, C.C. Witt, and T. Yuri. 2008. A phylogenomic study of birds reveals their evolutionary history. Science 320: 1763-1768.

FAMILIES (newly recognized families)

There are no newly recognized families in the eBird/Clements Checklistv2015.

FAMILIES  (composition)

 

page 78, Gray-throated Rail  Canirallus oculeus

Madagascar Wood-Rail  Canirallus kioloides

addition (2011) Tsingy Wood-Rail  Canirallus beankaensis

The genus Canirallus is more closely related to Sarothrura than to any members of the Rallidae (Rails, Gallinules, and Coots) (Garcia-R. et al. 2014). Therefore three species of Canirallus all are transferred to the Sarothruridae (Flufftails). Position the three species of Canirallus immediately following the end of Rallidae, at the head of Sarothruridae.

Reference:

Garcia-R., J.C., G.C. Gibb, and S.A. Trewick. 2014. Deep global evolutionary radiation in birds: diversification and trait evolution in the cosmopolitan bird family Rallidae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 81: 96–108.

 

page 534, Fire-capped Tit  Cephalopyrus flammiceps

Fire-capped Tit is not a member of Remizidae (Penduline-Tits), but instead belongs with Paridae (Tits, Chickadees, and Titmice) (Johansson et al. 2013). Move Fire-capped Tit to a new position at the head of Paridae.

Reference:

Johansson, U.S., J. Ekman, R.C.K. Bowie, P. Halvarsson, J.I. Ohlson, T.D. Price, and P.G.P. Ericson. 2013. A complete multilocus species phylogeny of the tits and chickadees (Aves: Paridae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 69: 852-860.

 

page 555, Rufous-throated White-eye  Madanga ruficollis

Rufous-throated White-eye is not a member of Zosteropidae (White-eyes, Yuhinas, and Allies), but instead belongs in Motacillidae (Wagtails and Pipits) (Alström et al. 2015a). Indeed, the genetic evidence suggests that this species is embedded within the pipit genus Anthus (Alström et al. 2015). Transfer this species to Motacillidae, and, pending a comprehensive phylogenetic and nomenclatural revision of Motacillidae, reposition this species to immediately precede Anthus. Change the English name from Rufous-throated White-eye to Madanga. Revise the range description from “Rediscovered after 75-year absence on Buru (s Moluccas)” to “Buru (South Moluccas)”.

Reference:

Alström, P., K.A. Jønsson,J. Fjeldså, A. Ödeen, P.G.P. Ericson, and M. Irestedt. 2015a. Dramatic niche shifts and morphological change in two insular bird species. Royal Society Open Science 2: 140364.

 

STANDARD UPDATES and CORRECTIONS

 

Note: Throughout eBird/Clements Checklistv2015, we make several global replacements of country names. These changes are not noted individually unless there are significant additional revisions to a particular range description. The global replacements in this edition of the checklist are

 

Burma changes to Myanmar

Kazakstan changes to Kazakhstan

Kwazulu changes to KwaZulu

 

page 6, Lesser Nothura  Nothura minor

Revise the range description from “Semiarid grasslands and scrub of interior se Brazil” to “semiarid grasslands and scrub of interior southeastern Brazil and east central Paraguay” (Guyra Paraguay 2004).

Reference:

Guyra Paraguay. 2004. Lista comentada de las aves de Paraguay/annotated checklist of the birds of Paraguay. Asociación Guyra Paraguay, Asunción.

 

page 26, Black-bellied Whistling-Duck  Dendrocygna autumnalis

Change the English name of the group Dendrocygna autumnalis fulgens from Black-bellied Whistling-Duck (Northern) to Black-bellied Whistling-Duck (fulgens); and change the English name of the group Dendrocygna autumnalis autumnalis from Black-bellied Whistling-Duck (Southern) to Black-bellied Whistling-Duck (autumnalis). These revisions are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 27, Greater White-fronted Goose  Anser albifrons

Revise the range description for the monotypic group Greater White-fronted Goose (Eurasian) Anser albifrons albifrons from “N Russia and Siberia; winters to Mediterranean and n India” to “breeds northern Russia, east to Kolyma; winters in northwestern Europe, from southeastern Europe east to the Caspian Sea and northern India”.

 

page 27, Emperor Goose  Chen canagica

Revise the range description from “NE Siberia to w Alaska; winters s Alaska to n California” to “breeds in northeastern Siberia and western Alaska; primarily winters in Alaska, from the Aleutian Islands to the Alaska Peninsula”.

 

page 27, Snow Goose  Chen caerulescens

Revise the range description for subspecies caerulescens from “Siberia and Alaska; winters to California and Gulf Coast” to “breeds from northeastern Siberia and Alaska to northwestern and north central Canada; winters in the southern United States from California to New York, and to northern Mexico”.

 

page 27, Brant  Branta bernicla

Revise the range description for the monotypic group Brant (Atlantic) Branta bernicla hrota from “E Arctic Canada, Greenland and Spitzbergen; winters e N Am.” to “breeds in eastern arctic Canada, northern Greenland, Spitsbergen, and Franz Josef Land; winters in coastal eastern North America, Ireland, Great Britain, and Denmark”.

Revise the range description for subspecies nigricans from “Extreme ne Siberia to n Canada; winters to n Mexico and China” to “breeds from extreme northeastern Siberia (Chukchi Peninsula) to northern Canada; winters from Alaska to northwestern Mexico”.

Revise the range description for subspecies orientalis from “NE Siberia” to “breeds northeastern Siberia; winters from Japan to Korea and northeastern China”.

 

page 27, Cackling Goose  Branta hutchinsii

Revise the range description for the monotypic group Cackling Goose (Richardson’s) Branta hutchinsii hutchinsii from “Breeds n-c Canada and Greenland; winters Texas and Mexico” to “breeds north central arctic Canada; winters in the southern United States (New Mexico to Louisiana, rarely east to New York) and northeastern Mexico”.

Revise the range description for the monotypic group Cackling Goose (minima) Branta hutchinsii minima from “Coastal w Alaska to Mackenzie delta; winters to s California” to “breeds coastal western Alaska; winters primarily in California”.

 

page 27, Canada Goose  Branta canadensis

Revise the range description for subspecies fulva from “Coastal s Alaska to British Columbia; occasional n California” to “coastal southern Alaska to British Columbia; primarily resident”.

 

page 26, Black Swan  Cygnus atratus

Revise the range description from “Australia and Tasmania; introduced New Zealand” to “Australia and Tasmania; New Zealand, where formerly occurred but was eradicated, later was re-introduced and also self-colonized” (Gill et al. 2010).

Reference:

Gill, B.J., B.D. Bell, C.K. Chambers, D.G. Medway, R.L. Palma, R.P. Scofield, A.J.D. Tennyson, and T.H. Worthy (Checklist Committee, Ornithological Society of New Zealand). 2010. Checklist of the birds of New Zealand. Te Papa Press and the Ornithological Society of New Zealand, Wellington, New Zealand.

 

page 28, Orinoco Goose  Neochen jubata

Andean Goose  Chloephaga melanoptera

Orinoco Goose (Neochen jubata) and Andean Goose (Chloephaga melanoptera) are sister taxa, and are transferred to the genus Oressochen; the scientific names for these species change to Oressochen jubatus (Orinoco Goose) and Oressochen melanopterus (Andean Goose). Resequence these two species before the genus Chloephaga. These changes follow SACC Proposal 637, which in turn is based in part on Bulgarella et al. (2014) (but also is based on an analysis of morphological differences between Chloephaga and Neochen, discussed in the SACC proposal but perhaps otherwise not published).

Reference:

Bulgarella, M., C. Kopuchian, A.S. Di Giacomo, R. Matus, O. Blank, R.E. Wilson, and K.G. McCracken. 2014. Molecular phylogeny of the South American sheldgeese with implications for conservation of Falkland Islands (Malvinas) and continental populations of the Ruddy-headed Goose Chloephaga rubidiceps and Upland Goose C. picta. Bird Conservation International 24: 59-71.

 

page 28, Ruddy-headed Goose  Chloephaga rubidiceps

Revise the range description from “Tierra del Fuego and Falkland Islands” to “resident Falkland Islands; breeds southernmost Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego, migrates north to southern Buenos Aires, Argentina”.

 

page 28, Spur-winged Goose  Plectropterus gambensis

Revise the range description for the monotypic group Spur-winged Goose (Northern) Plectropterus gambensis gambensis from “Gambia to Ethiopia and south to the Zambesi River” to “Gambia east to Ethiopia, south to Angola and the Zambezi River”.

 

page 28, Flightless Steamer-Duck  Tachyeres pteneres

Revise the range description from “S South America (Tierra del Fuego and Cape Horn Archipelago)” to “southern South America, from southern Chile (north to Llanquihue) south to Tierra del Fuego”.

 

page 29, Muscovy Duck  Cairina moschata

Revise the range description from “Lowlands of s Mexico to ne Argentina and Brazil” to “lowlands from northern Mexico south, west of the Andes, to southwestern Ecuador and, east of the Andes, to northeastern Argentina and Brazil”.

 

page 31, Australian Shoveler  Anas rhynchotis

Australian Shoveler is monotypic (Gill et al. 2010); delete the entries for subspecies Anas rhynchotis rhynchotis and Anas rhynchotis variegata. Revise the range description for Australian Shoveler to “southwestern and eastern Australia, Tasmania, and New Zealand”.

Reference:

Gill, B.J., B.D. Bell, C.K. Chambers, D.G. Medway, R.L. Palma, R.P. Scofield, A.J.D. Tennyson, and T.H. Worthy (Checklist Committee, Ornithological Society of New Zealand). 2010. Checklist of the birds of New Zealand. Te Papa Press and the Ornithological Society of New Zealand, Wellington, New Zealand.

 

page 31, Yellow-billed Pintail  Anas georgica

Correct a spelling error in the scientific name of the group Yellow-billed Pintail (South American) by changing Anas georgica spinicauda/nicefori to Anas georgica spinicauda/niceforoi.

 

page 30, Baikal Teal  Anas formosa

Revise the range description from “E Siberia to Kamchatka; winters to India, Myanmar and Japan” to “breeds in northern and eastern Siberia; winters Japan, Korea, and eastern China”.

 

page 30, Andean Teal  Anas andium

Revise the range description for the monotypic group Andean Teal (Merida) Anas andium altipetens from “Andes of Colombia to nw Venezuela” to “northern Eastern Andes of Colombia and Andes of Venezuela”.

Revise the range description for the monotypic group Andean Teal (Andean) Anas andium andium from “Andes of Colombia and n Ecuador” to “Central and southern Eastern Andes of Colombia and Andes of Ecuador”.

 

page 32, Red-crested Pochard  Netta rufina

Revise the range statement from “Locally from Mediterranean basin to central Asia” to “Breeds from Europe (Iberian Peninsula north to southern Denmark and Poland) east to central Asia (northwestern China and western Mongolia); somewhat local in Europe, more widespread to east. Resident in southwestern Europe; elsewhere, winters from eastern Mediterranean east to northern India, south central China, and northern Myanmar”.

 

page 32, Common Eider  Somateria mollissima

In accord with historical usage and prevailing usage today, change the English name of the monotypic group Somateria mollissima dresseri from Common Eider (Atlantic) to Common Eider (Dresser’s).

In accord with historical usage and prevailing usage today, change the English name of the monotypic group Somateria mollissima borealis from Common Eider (Boreal) to Common Eider (Northern). Revise the range description from “Arctic coast of e Canada and Greenland; winters to Long Island” to “breeds northeastern Arctic Canada, Greenland, and Iceland to Franz Josef Land; winters from Iceland and southern Greenland to the Maritime Provinces (Canada)”.

 

page 32, Harlequin Duck  Histrionicus histrionicus

Revise the range description for subspecies histrionicus from “Greenland, Baffin I. and n Labrador; winters to Long Island” to “resident Iceland; breeds Greenland, and eastern Canada from southeastern Baffin Island south to the Gulf of St. Lawence; winters south to the northeastern United States”.

 

page 33, Barrow’s Goldeneye  Bucephala islandica

Revise the range description from “Disjunct populations in w Palearctic and n North America” to “breeds central Alaska south to Oregon (formerly to northern California) and Wyoming; in eastern Canada; and Iceland. winters from southern Alaska to California and Wyoming; from the Maritime Provinces (Canada) south to the northeastern United States; and Iceland”.

 

page 33, Common Merganser  Mergus merganser

Revise the range description for the monotypic group Common Merganser (North American) Mergus merganser americanus from “Widespread North America” to “breeds southern and central Alaska east to eastern Canada, and south to northern California, Colorado, and north central and northeastern United States; winters southern Alaska and Maritime Provinces (Canada) south to north central Mexico”.

 

page 33, Masked Duck  Nomonyx dominicus

Revise the range description from “S Texas to n Argentina and Brazil; West Indies” to “northeastern Mexico south, west of the Andes, to western Ecuador, and, east of the Andes, to northern Argentina and Brazil; West Indies”.

 

page 53, Australian Brush-Turkey  Alectura lathami

Change the English name of Alectura lathami from Australian Brush-Turkey to Australian Brushturkey, in accord with changes to the English name of other brushturkeys.

 

page 53, Wattled Brush-Turkey  Aepypodius arfakianus

Change the English name of Aepypodius arfakianus from Wattled Brush-Turkey to Wattled Brushturkey (Pratt and Beehler 2015).

Reference:

Pratt, T.K., and B.M. Beehler. 2015. Birds of New Guinea. Second edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 53, Bruijn’s Brush-Turkey  Aepypodius bruijnii

Change the English name of Aepypodius bruijnii from Bruijn’s Brush-Turkey to Waigeo Brushturkey (Pratt and Beehler 2015).

Reference:

Pratt, T.K., and B.M. Beehler. 2015. Birds of New Guinea. Second edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 53, Red-billed Brush-Turkey  Talegalla cuvieri

Change the English name of Talegalla cuvieri from Red-billed Brush-Turkey to Red-billed Brushturkey (Pratt and Beehler 2015).

Reference:

Pratt, T.K., and B.M. Beehler. 2015. Birds of New Guinea. Second edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 53, Black-billed Brush-Turkey  Talegalla fuscirostris

Change the English name of Talegalla fuscirostris from Black-billed Brush-Turkey to Yellow-legged Brushturkey (Pratt and Beehler 2015).

Reference:

Pratt, T.K., and B.M. Beehler. 2015. Birds of New Guinea. Second edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 53, Brown-collared Brush-Turkey  Talegalla jobiensis

Change the English name of Talegalla jobiensis from Brown-collared Brush-Turkey to Red-legged Brushturkey (Pratt and Beehler 2015).

Reference:

Pratt, T.K., and B.M. Beehler. 2015. Birds of New Guinea. Second edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 54, Moluccan Scrubfowl  Eulipoa wallacei

The scientific name of Moluccan Scrubfowl is changed from Megapodius wallacei to Eulipoa wallacei, to conform to prevailing usage (Jones et al. 1995, Birks and Edwards 2002, Harris et al. 2014).

References:

Birks, S.M., and S.V. Edwards. 2002. A phylogeny of the megapodes (Aves: Megapodiidae) based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 23: 408-421.

Harris, R.B., S.M. Birks, and A.D. Leaché. 2014. Incubator birds: biogeographical origins and evolution of underground nesting in megapodes (Galliformes: Megapodiidae). Journal of Biogeography 41: 2045-2056.

Jones, D.N., R.W.R.J. Dekker, and C.E. Roselaar. 1995. The megapodes Megapodiidae. Oxford University Press, New York and Oxford, United Kingdom.

 

page 54, Forsten’s Scrubfowl  Megapodius forsteni

Revise the range description for subspecies forsteni from “Moluccas (Ambon, Seram, Haruku, Gorang and Buru)” to “Moluccas (Buru, Seram, Ambon, Haruku, and Gorong)”.

Subspecies buruensis, previously classified under Orange-footed Scrubfowl Megapodius reinwardt, is transferred to Forsten’s Scrubfowl, following Roselaar (1994) and Jones et al. (1995).

References:

Jones, D.N., R.W.R.J. Dekker, and C.E. Roselaar. 1995. The megapodes Megapodiidae. Oxford University Press, New York and Oxford, United Kingdom.

Roselaar, C.S. 1994.  Systematic notes on Megapodiidae (Aves, Galliformes), including the description of five new subspecies. Bulletin Zoölogisch Museum, Universiteit van Amsterdam 14: 9-36.

 

page 54, Orange-footed Scrubfowl  Megapodius reinwardt

Subspecies buruensis, previously classified under Orange-footed Scrubfowl, is transferred to Forsten’s Scrubfowl Megapodius forsteni, following Roselaar (1994) and Jones et al. (1995).

References:

Jones, D.N., R.W.R.J. Dekker, and C.E. Roselaar. 1995. The megapodes Megapodiidae. Oxford University Press, New York and Oxford, United Kingdom.

Roselaar, C.S. 1994.  Systematic notes on Megapodiidae (Aves, Galliformes), including the description of five new subspecies. Bulletin Zoölogisch Museum, Universiteit van Amsterdam 14: 9-36.

 

page 55, Bearded Guan  Penelope barbata

Revise the range description from “Locally in Western Andes of sw Ecuador and nw Peru” to “Andes of southern Ecuador (but not on the east slope) and in the western Andes of northwestern Peru”.

 

page 55, Crested Guan  Penelope purpurascens

Revise the range description for subspecies aequatorialis from “S Honduras and Nicaragua to nw Colombia and se Ecuador” to “southern Honduras and Nicaragua to western Colombia and southwestern Ecuador”.

 

page 56, Dusky-legged Guan  Penelope obscura

Correct the English name of the monotypic group Penelope obscura bridgesi from Dusky-legged Guan (Bridge’s) to Dusky-legged Guan (Bridges’s).

 

page 56, Red-throated Piping-Guan  Pipile cujubi

Revise the range description for the monotypic group Red-throated Piping-Guan (White-crested) Pipile cujubi cujubi from “Forests of w Amazonian Brazil (Rio Madeira to n Pará)” to “east central Amazonian Brazil, south of the Amazon (east bank of the Rio Madeira to northern Pará)”.

 

page 56, Highland Guan  Penelopina nigra

Revise the range description from “Humid montane forests of s Mexico to Nicaragua” to “humid montane forests from southern Mexico to northern Nicaragua”.

 

page 74, Guineafowl  Numididae

The sequence of genera of guineafowl (Numididae) is revised, following Kimball et al. (2011). The sequence of genera that we adopt is:

Numida

Agelastes

Acryllium

Guttera

Reference:

Kimball, R.T., C.M. St. Mary, and E.L. Braun.  2011. A macroevolutionary perspective on multiple sexual traits in the Phasianidae (Galliformes). International Journal of Evolutionary Biology 2011: 423938.

 

page 74, Helmeted Guineafowl  Numida meleagris

The polytypic group Helmeted Guineafowl (Helmeted) is restricted to the subspecies meleagris and somaliensis. Change the scientific name of this group from Numida meleagris [meleagris Group] to Numida meleagris meleagris/somaliensis. The remaining taxa previously included in this group now are recognized as three new groups: the monotypic groups Helmeted Guineafowl (West African) Numida meleagris galeatus and Helmeted Guineafowl (Reichenow’s) Numida meleagris reichenowi, and the polytypic group Helmeted Guineafowl (Tufted) Numida meleagris [mitratus Group].

 

page 74, Crested Guineafowl  Guttera pucherani

The polytypic group Crested Guineafowl (Crested) Guttera pucherani [edouardi Group] is divided into two smaller polytypic groups: Crested Guineafowl (Western) Guttera pucherani verreauxi/sclateri, and Crested Guineafowl (Southern) Guttera pucherani edouardi/barbata.

 

page 61, Northern Bobwhite  Colinus virginianus

Correct the spelling of the subspecies name coyolcos to the original spelling, coyoleos (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

Change the scientific name of the group Northern Bobwhite (Masked) from Colinus virginianus [coyolcos Group] to Colinus virginianus [coyoleos Group], to reflect the original spelling of the subspecies name.

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 63, Tawny-faced Quail  Rhynchortyx cinctus

Revise the range description for subspecies cinctus from “Caribbean coast of Costa Rica and Panama” to “Caribbean coast of Costa Rica and Panama, also on the Pacific slope of eastern Panama”.

 

pages 57-74, 699, Pheasants, Grouse, and Allies  Phasianidae

The sequence of genera within Phasianidae (Pheasants, Grouse, and Allies) is revised, primarily based on Crowe et al. (2006), Kimball et al. (2011), Wang et al. (2013), and Sun et al. (2014). The sequence of genera that we adopt is as follows:

Xenoperdix

Caloperdix

Rollulus

Arborophila

Rhizothera

Melanoperdix

Rheinardia

Argusianus

Pavo

Afropavo

Haematortyx

Galloperdix

Polyplectron

Ammoperdix

Synoicus

Anurophasis

Margaroperdix

Coturnix

Alectoris

Tetraogallus

Perdicula

Ophrysia

Pternistis

Francolinus

Bambusicola

Gallus

Peliperdix

Scleroptila

Ithaginis

Lophophorus

Lerwa

Tetraophasis

Tragopan

Syrmaticus

Chrysolophus

Phasianus

Crossoptilon

Catreus

Lophura

Perdix

Pucrasia

Tetrao

Bonasa

Centrocercus

Falcipennis

Lagopus

Dendragapus

Tympanuchus

Meleagris

References:

Crowe, T.M., E.H. Harley, M.B. Jakutowicz, J. Komen, and A.A. Crowe. 1992. Phylogenetic, taxonomic and biogeographical implications of genetic, morphological, and behavioral variation in francolins (Phasianidae: Francolinus). Auk 109: 24-42.

Kimball, R.T., C.M. St. Mary, and E.L. Braun.  2011. A macroevolutionary perspective on multiple sexual traits in the Phasianidae (Galliformes). International Journal of Evolutionary Biology 2011: 423938.

Sun, K., K.A. Meiklejohn, B.C. Faircloth, T.C. Glenn, E.L. Braun, and R.T. Kimball. 2014. The evolution of peafowl and other taxa with ocelli (eyespots): a phylogenomic approach. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 281: 20140823.

Wang, N., R.T. Kimball, E.L. Braun, B. Liang, and Z. Zhang. 2013. Assessing phylogenetic relationships among Galliformes: a multigene phylogeny with expanded taxon sampling in Phasianidae. PLoS ONE 8: e64312.

 

page 68, Hill Partridge  Arborophila torqueola

Revise the range description for subspecies millardi from “W Himalayas (Himanchal Pradesh to w Nepal)” to “western Himalayas (Himachal Pradesh to western Nepal)”.

 

page 70, Red Spurfowl  Galloperdix spadicea

Revise the range description for subspecies caurina from “W India (Arvalli Hills of s Rajasthan)” to “western India (Aravalli Hills of southern Rajasthan)”.

 

page 73, peacock-pheasants  Polyplectron

The sequence of species of peacock-pheasants is revised, following Davison et al. (2012). The sequence of species that we adopt is as follows:

Palawan Peacock-Pheasant Polyplectron napoleonis

Malayan Peacock-Pheasant Polyplectron malacense

Bornean Peacock-Pheasant Polyplectron schleiermacheri

Germain’s Peacock-Pheasant Polyplectron germaini

Hainan Peacock-Pheasant Polyplectron katsumatae

Mountain Peacock-Pheasant Polyplectron inopinatum

Bronze-tailed Peacock-Pheasant Polyplectron chalcurum

Gray Peacock-Pheasant Polyplectron bicalcaratum

Reference:

Davison, G.W.H., J. Chiang, Z. Zhang, and D. Chen. 2012. Full tree resolution of Polyplectron Temmink, 1813, confirms species status of Hainan P. katsumatae Rothschild, 1906, and Bornean Peacock-Pheasants P. schleiermacheri Brüggemann, 1877. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 132: 251-259.

 

page 67, Brown Quail  Coturnix ypsilophora

The traditional genus Coturnix is not monophyletic (Crowe et al. 2006, Kimball et al. 2011). Brown Quail is transferred to the genus Synoicus; the scientific name for Brown Quail changes from Coturnix ypsilophora to Synoicus ypsilophorus.

With the transfer of Brown Quail from the genus Coturnix to Synoicus, change the spelling of a subpecies name from plumbea to plumbeus.

With the transfer of Brown Quail from the genus Coturnix to Synoicus, change the spelling of a subpecies name from ypsilophora to ypsilophorus.

References:

Crowe, T.M., R.C.K. Bowie, P. Bloomer, T.G. Mandiwana, T.A.J. Hedderson, E. Randi, S.L. Pereira, and J. Wakeling. 2006. Phylogenetics, biogeography and classification of, and character

evolution in, gamebirds (Aves: Galliformes): effects of character exclusion, data partitioning and missing data.  Cladistics 22: 495-532.

Kimball, R.T., C.M. St. Mary, and E.L. Braun.  2011. A macroevolutionary perspective on multiple sexual traits in the Phasianidae (Galliformes). International Journal of Evolutionary Biology 2011: 423938.

 

page 68, Blue-breasted Quail  Coturnix chinensis

The traditional genus Coturnix is not monophyletic (Crowe et al. 2006, Kimball et al. 2011). Blue-breasted Quail is transferred to the genus Synoicus; the scientific name for Blue-breasted Quail changes from Coturnix chinensis to Synoicus chinensis.

With the transfer of Blue-breasted Quail from the genus Coturnix to Synoicus, change the spelling of a subpecies name from lineata to lineatus. Subspecies palmeri and lineatula are synonymized with lineatus (Mees 2006); revise the range description of lineatus from “Philippines, Borneo, Sulawesi and Sula Islands” to “Philippines; Borneo; Sumatra and Java to Sulawesi, Sula Islands, and Lesser Sundas (Lombok to Sumba, Flores and Timor)”.

With the transfer of Blue-breasted Quail from the genus Coturnix to Synoicus, change the spelling of a subpecies name from lepida to lepidus.

References:

Crowe, T.M., R.C.K. Bowie, P. Bloomer, T.G. Mandiwana, T.A.J. Hedderson, E. Randi, S.L. Pereira, and J. Wakeling. 2006. Phylogenetics, biogeography and classification of, and character

evolution in, gamebirds (Aves: Galliformes): effects of character exclusion, data partitioning and missing data.  Cladistics 22: 495-532.

Kimball, R.T., C.M. St. Mary, and E.L. Braun.  2011. A macroevolutionary perspective on multiple sexual traits in the Phasianidae (Galliformes). International Journal of Evolutionary Biology 2011: 423938.

Mees, G.F. 2006. The avifauna of Flores (Lesser Sunda Islands). Zoologische Mededelingen 80: 1-261.

 

page 68, Blue Quail  Coturnix adansonii

The traditional genus Coturnix is not monophyletic (Crowe et al. 2006, Kimball et al. 2011). Blue Quail is transferred to the genus Synoicus; the scientific name for Blue Quail changes from Coturnix adansonii to Synoicus adansonii.

References:

Crowe, T.M., R.C.K. Bowie, P. Bloomer, T.G. Mandiwana, T.A.J. Hedderson, E. Randi, S.L. Pereira, and J. Wakeling. 2006. Phylogenetics, biogeography and classification of, and character

evolution in, gamebirds (Aves: Galliformes): effects of character exclusion, data partitioning and missing data.  Cladistics 22: 495-532.

Kimball, R.T., C.M. St. Mary, and E.L. Braun.  2011. A macroevolutionary perspective on multiple sexual traits in the Phasianidae (Galliformes). International Journal of Evolutionary Biology 2011: 423938.

 

page 64, Rock Partridge  Alectoris graeca

Revise the range description for subspecies saxatilis from “Alps (France to Austria and w Yugoslavia) and Appennines” to “Alps (France to Austria), Italy (Apennines), and the western Balkans”.

Revise the range description for subspecies graeca from “SE Yugoslavia to Greece and Bulgaria” to “Balkans (except for western Balkan Peninsula)”.

 

page 66, Hartlaub’s Francolin  Francolinus hartlaubi

page 67, Handsome Francolin  Francolinus nobilis

page 67, Cameroon Francolin  Francolinus camerunensis

page 67, Chestnut-naped Francolin  Francolinus castaneicollis

page 67, Erckel’s Francolin  Francolinus erckelii

page 67, Djibouti Francolin  Francolinus ochropectus

page 66, Double-spurred Francolin  Francolinus bicalcaratus

page 66, Heuglin’s Francolin  Francolinus icterorhynchus

page 66, Ahanta Francolin  Francolinus ahantensis

page 66, Gray-striped Francolin  Francolinus griseostriatus

page 66, Scaly Francolin  Francolinus squamatus

page 66, Red-billed Francolin  Francolinus adspersus

page 66, Cape Francolin  Francolinus capensis

page 66, Natal Francolin  Francolinus natalensis

page 66, Hildebrandt’s Francolin  Francolinus hildebrandti

page 66, Jackson’s Francolin  Francolinus jacksoni

page 67, Swierstra’s Francolin  Francolinus swierstrai

page 66, Clapperton’s Francolin  Francolinus clappertoni

page 66, Harwood’s Francolin  Francolinus harwoodi

page 66, Swainson’s Francolin  Francolinus swainsonii

page 66, Yellow-necked Francolin  Francolinus leucoscepus

page 66, Gray-breasted Francolin  Francolinus rufopictus

page 66, Red-necked Francolin  Francolinus afer

The traditional, broadly defined genus Francolinus is not monophyletic (Crowe et al. 1992, 2006, Kimball et al. 2011).

Hartlaub’s Francolin is transferred to the genus Pternistis; change the scientific name from Francolinus hartlaubi to Pternistis hartlaubi.

Handsome Francolin is transferred to the genus Pternistis; change the scientific name from Francolinus nobilis to Pternistis nobilis.

Cameroon Francolin is transferred to the genus Pternistis; change the scientific name from Francolinus camerunensis to Pternistis camerunensis.

Chestnut-naped Francolin is transferred to the genus Pternistis; change the scientific name from Francolinus castaneicollis to Pternistis castaneicollis.

Erckel’s Francolin is transferred to the genus Pternistis; change the scientific name of Erckel’s Francolin from Francolinus erckelii to Pternistis erckelii.

Djibouti Francolin is transferred to the genus Pternistis; change the scientific name of Djibouti Francolin from Francolinus ochropectus to Pternistis ochropectus.

Double-spurred Francolin is transferred to the genus Pternistis; change the scientific name of Double-spurred Francolin from Francolinus bicalcaratus to Pternistis bicalcaratus.

Heuglin’s Francolin is transferred to the genus Pternistis; change the scientific name of Heuglin’s Francolin from Francolinus icterorhynchus to Pternistis icterorhynchus.

Ahanta Francolin is transferred to the genus Pternistis; change the scientific name of Ahanta Francolin from Francolinus ahantensis to Pternistis ahantensis.

Gray-striped Francolin is transferred to the genus Pternistis; change the scientific name of Gray-striped Francolin from Francolinus griseostriatus to Pternistis griseostriatus.

Scaly Francolin is transferred to the genus Pternistis; change the scientific name of Scaly Francolin from Francolinus squamatus to Pternistis squamatus.

Red-billed Francolin is transferred to the genus Pternistis; change the scientific name of Red-billed Francolin from Francolinus adspersus to Pternistis adspersus.

Cape Francolin is transferred to the genus Pternistis; change the scientific name of Cape Francolin from Francolinus capensis to Pternistis capensis.

Natal Francolin is transferred to the genus Pternistis; change the scientific name of Natal Francolin from Francolinus natalensis to Pternistis natalensis.

Hildebrandt’s Francolin is transferred to the genus Pternistis; change the scientific name of Hildebrandt’s Francolin from Francolinus hildebrandti to Pternistis hildebrandti.

Jackson’s Francolin is transferred to the genus Pternistis; change the scientific name of Jackson’s Francolin from Francolinus jacksoni to Pternistis jacksoni.

Swierstra’s Francolin is transferred to the genus Pternistis; change the scientific name of Swierstra’s Francolin from Francolinus swierstrai to Pternistis swierstrai.

Clapperton’s Francolin is transferred to the genus Pternistis; change the scientific name of Clapperton’s Francolin from Francolinus clappertoni to Pternistis clappertoni.

Harwood’s Francolin is transferred to the genus Pternistis; change the scientific name of Harwood’s Francolin from Francolinus harwoodi to Pternistis harwoodi.

Swainson’s Francolin is transferred to the genus Pternistis; change the scientific name of Swainson’s Francolin from Francolinus swainsonii to Pternistis swainsonii.

Yellow-necked Francolin is transferred to the genus Pternistis; change the scientific name of Yellow-necked Francolin from Francolinus leucoscepus to Pternistis leucoscepus.

Gray-breasted Francolin is transferred to the genus Pternistis; change the scientific name of Gray-breasted Francolin from Francolinus rufopictus to Pternistis rufopictus.

Red-necked Francolin is transferred to the genus Pternistis; change the scientific name of Red-necked Francolin from Francolinus afer to Pternistis afer.

The sequence of species of Pternistis is revised, based on Mandiwana-Neudani et al. (2014).

References:

Crowe, T.M., E.H. Harley, M.B. Jakutowicz, J. Komen, and A.A. Crowe. 1992. Phylogenetic, taxonomic and biogeographical implications of genetic, morphological, and behavioral variation in francolins (Phasianidae: Francolinus). Auk 109: 24-42.

Crowe, T.M., R.C.K. Bowie, P. Bloomer, T.G. Mandiwana, T.A.J. Hedderson, E. Randi, S.L. Pereira, and J. Wakeling. 2006. Phylogenetics, biogeography and classification of, and character

evolution in, gamebirds (Aves: Galliformes): effects of character exclusion, data partitioning and missing data.  Cladistics 22: 495-532.

Kimball, R.T., C.M. St. Mary, and E.L. Braun. 2011. A macroevolutionary perspective on multiple sexual traits in the Phasianidae (Galliformes). International Journal of Evolutionary Biology 2011: 423938.

Mandiwana-Neudani, T.G., R.C.K. Bowie, M. Hausberger, L. Henry, and T.M. Crowe. 2014. Taxonomic and phylogenetic utility of variation in advertising calls of francolins and spurfowls (Galliformes: Phasianidae). African Zoology 49: 54–82.

 

page 65, Coqui Francolin  Francolinus coqui

page 65, White-throated Francolin  Francolinus albogularis

page 65, Schlegel’s Francolin  Francolinus schlegelii

page 65, Latham’s Francolin  Francolinus lathami

The traditional, broadly defined genus Francolinus is not monophyletic (Crowe et al. 1992, 2006, Kimball et al. 2011).

Coqui Francolin is transferred to the genus Peliperdix; change the scientific name of Coqui Francolin from Francolinus coqui to Peliperdix coqui.

White-throated Francolin is transferred to the genus Peliperdix; change the scientific name of White-throated Francolin from Francolinus albogularis to Peliperdix albogularis. Also, correct the scientific name of the group White-throated Francolin (White-throated) from Francolinus albogularis [albogularis Group] to Peliperdix albogularis albogularis/buckleyi.

Schlegel’s Francolin is transferred to the genus Peliperdix; change the scientific name of Schlegel’s Francolin from Francolinus schlegelii to Peliperdix schlegelii.

Latham’s Francolin is transferred to the genus Peliperdix; change the scientific name of Latham’s Francolin from Francolinus lathami to Peliperdix lathami. Also, correct a typographic error in the range description of subspecies schubotzi: change “Conto” to “Congo”.

References:

Crowe, T.M., E.H. Harley, M.B. Jakutowicz, J. Komen, and A.A. Crowe. 1992. Phylogenetic, taxonomic and biogeographical implications of genetic, morphological, and behavioral variation in francolins (Phasianidae: Francolinus). Auk 109: 24-42.

Crowe, T.M., R.C.K. Bowie, P. Bloomer, T.G. Mandiwana, T.A.J. Hedderson, E. Randi, S.L. Pereira, and J. Wakeling. 2006. Phylogenetics, biogeography and classification of, and character

evolution in, gamebirds (Aves: Galliformes): effects of character exclusion, data partitioning and missing data.  Cladistics 22: 495-532.

Kimball, R.T., C.M. St. Mary, and E.L. Braun. 2011. A macroevolutionary perspective on multiple sexual traits in the Phasianidae (Galliformes). International Journal of Evolutionary Biology 2011: 423938.

 

page 65, Red-winged Francolin  Francolinus levaillantii

page 65, Ring-necked Francolin  Francolinus streptophora

page 65, Finsch’s Francolin  Francolinus finschi

page 65, Orange River Francolin  Francolinus levaillantoides

page 65, Gray-winged Francolin  Francolinus africanus

page 66, Moorland Francolin  Francolinus psilolaemus

page 66, Shelley’s Francolin  Francolinus shelleyi

The traditional, broadly defined genus Francolinus is not monophyletic (Crowe et al. 1992, 2006, Kimball et al. 2011).

Red-winged Francolin is transferred to the genus Scleroptila; change the scientific name of Red-winged Francolin from Francolinus levaillantii to Scleroptila levaillantii.

Ring-necked Francolin is transferred to the genus Scleroptila; change the scientific name of Ring-necked Francolin from Francolinus streptophorus to Scleroptila streptophora.

Finsch’s Francolin is transferred to the genus Scleroptila; change the scientific name of Finsch’s Francolin from Francolinus finschi to Scleroptila finschi.

Orange River Francolin is transferred to the genus Scleroptila. Also, replace the species name levaillantoides [sic] Smith 1836 with the older available name gutturalis Rüppell 1835 (Dickinson and Remsen 2013). Thus, the scientific name of Orange River Francolin changes from Francolinus levaillantoides to Scleroptila gutturalis. Change the scientific name of the group Orange River Francolin (Archer’s) from Francolinus levaillantoides gutturalis/lorti to Scleroptila gutturalis gutturalis/lorti. Change the scientific name of the group Orange River Francolin (Kalahari) from Francolinus levaillantoides jugularis to Scleroptila gutturalis jugularis. Finally, change the scientific name of the group Orange River Francolin (Orange River) from Scleroptila levaillantoides levaillantoides to Francolinus gutturalis levilliantoides (note both the change of the species name to gutturalis, and the correction of the spelling of the subspecies name from levaillantoides to levalliantoides).

Gray-winged Francolin is transferred to the genus Scleroptila. The oldest available species name for Gray-winged Francolin is afer Latham 1790, but since the name afer was preoccupied within Francolinus, Gray-winged Francolin took the species name africanus. Now that this species is removed from Francolinus, the species name reverts to afer (now spelled afra due to gender agreement); change the scientific name of Gray-winged Francolin from Francolinus africanus to Scleroptila afra.

Moorland Francolin is transferred to the genus Scleroptila; change the scientific name of Moorland Francolin from Francolinus psilolaemus to Scleroptila psilolaema. Also, change the spelling of a subpecies name from psilolaemus to psilolaema.

Shelley’s Francolin is transferred to the genus Scleroptila; change the scientific name of Shelley’s Francolin from Francolinus shelleyi to Scleroptila shelleyi.

The sequence of species of Scleroptila is revised, based on Mandiwana-Neudani et al. (2014).

References:

Crowe, T.M., E.H. Harley, M.B. Jakutowicz, J. Komen, and A.A. Crowe. 1992. Phylogenetic, taxonomic and biogeographical implications of genetic, morphological, and behavioral variation in francolins (Phasianidae: Francolinus). Auk 109: 24-42.

Crowe, T.M., R.C.K. Bowie, P. Bloomer, T.G. Mandiwana, T.A.J. Hedderson, E. Randi, S.L. Pereira, and J. Wakeling. 2006. Phylogenetics, biogeography and classification of, and character

evolution in, gamebirds (Aves: Galliformes): effects of character exclusion, data partitioning and missing data.  Cladistics 22: 495-532.

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard and Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Non-passerines. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

Kimball, R.T., C.M. St. Mary, and E.L. Braun. 2011. A macroevolutionary perspective on multiple sexual traits in the Phasianidae (Galliformes). International Journal of Evolutionary Biology 2011: 423938.

Mandiwana-Neudani, T.G., R.C.K. Bowie, M. Hausberger, L. Henry, and T.M. Crowe. 2014. Taxonomic and phylogenetic utility of variation in advertising calls of francolins and spurfowls (Galliformes: Phasianidae). African Zoology 49: 54–82.

 

page 72, pheasants  genus Syrmaticus

The sequence of species of Syrmaticus is revised, following Kimball et al. (2011). The sequence of species that we adopt is as follows:

Reeves’s Pheasant  Syrmaticus reevesii

Copper Pheasant  Syrmaticus soemmerringii

Mikado Pheasant  Syrmaticus mikado

Elliot’s Pheasant  Syrmaticus ellioti

Hume’s Pheasant  Syrmaticus humiae

Reference:

Kimball, R.T., C.M. St. Mary, and E.L. Braun. 2011. A macroevolutionary perspective on multiple sexual traits in the Phasianidae (Galliformes). International Journal of Evolutionary Biology 2011: 423938.

 

pages 72-73, Ring-necked Pheasant  Phasianus colchicus

Revise the range description for subspecies alaschanicus from “N-central China (foothills of Alaschan Mountains)” to “north central China, in the foothills of the Helan (Alashan) Mountains”.

Revise the range description for subspecies torquatus from “E China (Shandong) to Vietnam border” to “E China (Shandong) to Vietnam border. Pheasants representing a mixture of colchicus, torquatus, and other subspecies now are widely introduced around the world, including across Europe, on New Zealand, the Hawaiian Islands, and North America”.

 

pages 71-72, pheasants  genus Lophura

The sequence of species of Lophura is revised, based on Kimball et al. (2011). The sequence of species that we adopt is as follows:

Silver Pheasant  Lophura nycthemera

Kalij Pheasant  Lophura leucomelanos

Siamese Fireback  Lophura diardi

Bulwer’s Pheasant  Lophura bulweri

Edwards’s Pheasant  Lophura edwardsi

Swinhoe’s Pheasant  Lophura swinhoii

Salvadori’s Pheasant  Lophura inornata

Crestless Fireback  Lophura erythrophthalma

Crested Fireback  Lophura ignita

Reference:

Kimball, R.T., C.M. St. Mary, and E.L. Braun. 2011. A macroevolutionary perspective on multiple sexual traits in the Phasianidae (Galliformes). International Journal of Evolutionary Biology 2011: 423938.

 

page 72, Crested Fireback  Lophura ignita

Subspecies macartneyi, with range “SE Sumatra” is deleted; this name refers to a highly variable population that apparently represents introgression between subspecies rufa and ignita (Collar and Prys-Jones 2014).

Reference:

Collar, N.J., and R.P. Prys-Jones. 2014. Lophura ignita macartneyi revisited. Forktail 30: 135-138.

 

page 59, Black Grouse  Tetrao tetrix

Revise the range description for subspecies britannicus from “N England, Scotland and Inner Hebrides” to “Great Britain (northern England and Scotland, including the Inner Hebrides)”.

 

page 7, Red-throated Loon  Gavia stellata

Revise the range description from “N Eurasia and n N Am.; winters to Caspian and Mediterranean” to “breeds across the northern Holarctic region; winters coastally in the north Pacific Ocean from the Kamchatka Peninsula to the Yellow Sea, and from southern Alaska to northwestern Mexico; and in the northern Atlantic Ocean from the Maritime Provinces (Canada) to the southeastern United States, from Scandanavia south to the Mediterranean, and on the Black and Caspian seas”.

 

page 7, Arctic Loon  Gavia arctica

Revise the range description for subspecies viridigularis from “E Palearctic and w Alaska; winters to China, Japan,Korea, and probably s to Baja California” to “breeds northeastern Siberia and extreme western mainland Alaska; winters from the Kuril Islands to the Yellow Sea”.

 

page 7, Common Loon  Gavia immer

Revise the range description from “W Palearctic and N America; winters to s US and s Palearctic” to “breeds in northern North America, southern Greenland, and Iceland; winters from southern Alaska and the Maritime Provinces (Canada) to northerm Mexico, and from Iceland and Scandanavia to the Iberian Peninsula”.

 

page 26, Chilean Flamingo  Phoenicopterus chilensis

In accord with SACC (Proposal 644B), Chilean Flamingo (Phoenicopterus chilensis) is moved to the beginning of the genus Phoenicopterus, following Torres et al. (2014).

Reference:

Torres, C.R., L.M. Ogawa, M.A.F. Gillingham, B. Ferrari, and M. van Tuinen. 2014. A multi-locus inference of the evolutionary diversification of extant flamingos (Phoenicopteridae). BMC Evolutionary Biology 14: 36.

 

page 26, Lesser Flamingo  Phoenicopterus minor

Change the scientific name of Lesser Flamingo from Phoenicopterus minor to Phoeniconaias minor. This species is more closely related to Andean flamingos (Phoenicoparrus) than it is to Phoenicopterus (Torres et al. 2014).

Reference:

Torres, C.R., L.M. Ogawa, M.A.F. Gillingham, B. Ferrari, and M. van Tuinen. 2014. A multi-locus inference of the evolutionary diversification of extant flamingos (Phoenicopteridae). BMC

Evolutionary Biology 14: 36.

 

page 7, Rockhopper Penguin  Eudyptes chrysocome

Change the English name of Eudyptes chrysocome from Rockhopper Penguin to Southern Rockhopper Penguin. Change the English name of the monotypic group Eudyptes chrysocome chrysocome from Rockhopper Penguin (Western) to Southern Rockhopper Penguin (Western); and change the English name of the monotypic group Eudyptes chrysocome filholi from Rockhopper Penguin (Eastern) to Southern Rockhopper Penguin (Eastern).

 

page 7, Tristan Penguin  Eudyptes moseleyi

Change the English name of Eudyptes moseleyi from Tristan Penguin to Moseley’s Rockhopper Penguin (Gill et al. 2010).

Reference:

Gill, B.J., B.D. Bell, C.K. Chambers, D.G. Medway, R.L. Palma, R.P. Scofield, A.J.D. Tennyson, and T.H. Worthy (Checklist Committee, Ornithological Society of New Zealand). 2010. Checklist of the birds of New Zealand. Te Papa Press and the Ornithological Society of New Zealand, Wellington, New Zealand.

 

page 10, Snow Petrel  Pagodroma nivea

Replace the subspecies name confusa Matthews 1912 with the older name major Schlegel 1863 (Gill et al. 2010).

Reference:

Gill, B.J., B.D. Bell, C.K. Chambers, D.G. Medway, R.L. Palma, R.P. Scofield, A.J.D. Tennyson, and T.H. Worthy (Checklist Committee, Ornithological Society of New Zealand). 2010. Checklist of the birds of New Zealand. Te Papa Press and the Ornithological Society of New Zealand, Wellington, New Zealand.

 

page 12, Pink-footed Shearwater  Puffinus creatopus

page 12, Flesh-footed Shearwater  Puffinus carneipes

page 12, Great Shearwater  Puffinus gravis

page 12, Wedge-tailed Shearwater  Puffinus pacificus

page 12, Buller’s Shearwater  Puffinus bulleri

page 12, Sooty Shearwater  Puffinus griseus

page 12, Short-tailed Shearwater  Puffinus tenuirostris

In accord with SACC (Proposal 647), the genus Puffinus is split into two genera. The smaller, black and white species remain in Puffinus. The larger species – Pink-footed, Flesh-footed, Great, Wedge-tailed, Buller’s, Sooty, and Short-tailed shearwaters – are transferred to the genus Ardenna. Change the scientific name of Pink-footed Shearwater from Puffinus creatopus to Ardenna creatopus.

Change the scientific name of Flesh-footed Shearwater from Puffinus carneipes to Ardenna carneipes.

Change the scientific name of Great Shearwater from Puffinus gravis to Ardenna gravis.

Change the scientific name of Wedge-tailed Shearwater from Puffinus pacificus to Ardenna pacifica.

Change the scientific name of Buller’s Shearwater from Puffinus bulleri to Ardenna bulleri.

Change the scientific name of Sooty Shearwater from Puffinus griseus to Ardenna grisea.

Change the scientific name of Short-tailed Shearwater from Puffinus tenuirostris to Ardenna tenuirostris.

 

page 12, Levantine Shearwater  Puffinus yelkouan

Change the English name of Puffinus yelkouan from Levantine Shearwater (e.g. Harrison 1983, 1987) to Yelkouan Shearwater (e.g., Onley and Scofield 2007, Howell 2012).

References:

Harrison, P. 1983. Seabirds: an identification guide. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston and New York.

Harrison, P. 1987. Seabirds of the world: a photographic guide. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Howell, S.N.G. 2012. Petrels, albtrosses, and storm-petrels of North America: a photographic guide. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Onley, D., and P. Scofield. 2007. Albatrosses, petrels, and shearwaters of the world. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 18, frigatebirds  genus Fregata

In accord with SACC (Proposal 649), the sequence of species within Fregata is revised, based on Kennedy and Spencer (2004). The sequence of species that we adopt is as follows:

Lesser Frigatebird  Fregata ariel

Ascension Island Frigatebird  Fregata aquila

Magnificent Frigatebird  Fregata magnificens

Christmas Island Frigatebird  Fregata andrewsi

Great Frigatebird  Fregata minor

Reference:

Kennedy, M., and H.G. Spencer. 2004. Phylogenies of the frigatebirds (Fregatidae) and tropicbirds (Phaethonidae), two divergent groups of the traditional order Pelecaniformes, inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 31: 31-38.

 

page 17, Rough-faced Shag  Phalacrocorax carunculatus

Change the English name of Phalacrocorax carunculatus from Rough-faced Shag to New Zealand King Shag (Gill et al. 2010).

Reference:

Gill, B.J., B.D. Bell, C.K. Chambers, D.G. Medway, R.L. Palma, R.P. Scofield, A.J.D. Tennyson, and T.H. Worthy (Checklist Committee, Ornithological Society of New Zealand). 2010. Checklist of the birds of New Zealand. Te Papa Press and the Ornithological Society of New Zealand, Wellington, New Zealand.

 

page 17, Bronze Shag  Phalacrocorax chalconotus

Change the English name of Phalacrocorax chalconotus from Bronze Shag to Stewart Island Shag (Gill et al. 2010).

Reference:

Gill, B.J., B.D. Bell, C.K. Chambers, D.G. Medway, R.L. Palma, R.P. Scofield, A.J.D. Tennyson, and T.H. Worthy (Checklist Committee, Ornithological Society of New Zealand). 2010. Checklist of the birds of New Zealand. Te Papa Press and the Ornithological Society of New Zealand, Wellington, New Zealand.

page 18, Pygmy Cormorant  Phalacrocorax pygmaeus

Correct the spelling of the species name of Pygmy Cormorant from pygmaeus to pygmeus (Peters 1931, Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

References:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

Peters, J.L. 1931. Check-list of birds of the world. Volume 1. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

 

page 15, pelicans  genus Pelecanus

The sequence of species of pelican is revised, following Kennedy et al. (2013). The sequence of species that we adopt is as follows:

American White Pelican  Pelecanus erythrorhynchos

Brown Pelican  Pelecanus occidentalis

Peruvian Pelican  Pelecanus thagus

Great White Pelican  Pelecanus onocrotalus

Australian Pelican  Pelecanus conspicillatus

Pink-backed Pelican  Pelecanus rufescens

Spot-billed Pelican  Pelecanus philippensis

Dalmatian Pelican  Pelecanus crispus

Reference:

Kennedy, M., S.A. Taylor, P. Nádvorník, and H.G. Spencer. 2013. The phylogenetic relationships of the extant pelicans inferred from DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 66: 215-222.

 

page 19, Gray Heron  Ardea cinerea

Correct the scientific name of the polytypic group Gray Heron (Gray) from Ardea cinerea [cinerea Group] to Ardea cinerea cinerea/jouyi.

 

page 19, Purple Heron  Ardea purpurea

Add subspecies bournei Naurois 1966, with range “Cape Verde Islands (Santiago)”. Insert bournei immediately following the species entry for Purple Heron. We also recognize bournei as a monotypic group, Purple Heron (Bourne’s) Ardea purpurea bournei. This subspecies has had a checkered taxonomic and nomenclatural history: some authors do not recognize it at all (e.g., Payne 1979), whereas others consider it to be a separate species (e.g., Havevoet 1995).

References:

Naurois, R. de . 1966. Le héron pourpré de l’archipel de Cap-Vert Ardea purpurea bournei ssp. nov. L’Oiseau et la revue française d’ornithologie 36: 89-94.

Hazevoet, C.J. 1995. The birds of the Cape Verde Islands: an annotated check-list. British Ornithologists’ Union Check-list number 13. British Ornithologists’ Union, Tring, United Kingdom.

Payne, R.B. 1979. Family Ardeidae. Pages 193-244 in E. Mayr and G.W. Cottrell (editors), Check-list of birds of the world. Volume I, second edition. Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

 

page 20, Cattle Egret  Bubulcus ibis

Subspecies seychellarum, previously recognized as the monotypic group Cattle Egret (Seychelles), is synonymized with nominate ibis (Payne 1979). Revise the range of nominate ibis from “W Palearctic, Africa, North and South America” to “southern Europe east to Iran, and Africa, Madagascar, and islands in western Indian Ocean (Seychelles, Aldabra, Comoros Islands, and Mauritius). Colonized the New World in the 20th century, now widespread in North and South America. Introduced to the Hawaiian Islands. Partially migratory in North America and southern Africa”. We revise the group name from Cattle Egret (ibis) to Cattle Egret (Western).

We revise the English name for the monotypic group Bubulcus ibis coromandus from Cattle Egret (Asian) to Cattle Egret (Eastern).

Reference:

Payne, R.B. 1979. Family Ardeidae. Pages 193-244 in E. Mayr and G.W. Cottrell (editors), Check-list of birds of the world. Volume I, second edition. Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

 

page 21, Green Heron  Butorides virescens

Change the English name of the group Butorides virescens virescens/bahamensis from Green Heron (Eastern) to Green Heron (virescens/bahamensis).

Change the English name of the group Butorides virescens anthonyi from Green Heron (Western) to Green Heron (anthonyi).

Change the English name of the group Butorides virescens frazari from Green Heron (Frazar’s) to Green Heron (frazari).

These revisions are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 24, Waldrapp  Geronticus eremita

Waldrapp formerly was used by many authors as the English name for Geronticus eremita (e.g., Brown et al. 1982, Sibley and Monroe 1990, Dowsett and Forbes-Watson 1993). Recent authors, however, have adopted Northern Bald Ibis as the English name for this species (e.g. Cramp 1977, Dickinson 2003, African Bird Club 2010), and we follow this trend.

References:

African Bird Club. 2010. African Bird Club checklist (compiled by Peter Lack). Version of March 2010. African Bird Club, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

Brown, L.H., E.K. Urban, and K. Newman. 1982. The birds of Africa. Volume I. Academic Press, London.

Cramp, S. (chief editor). 1977. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa. The birds of the Western Palearctic. Volume 1. Oxford University Press, New York and Oxford, United Kingdom.

Dickinson, E.C. (editor). 2003. The Howard and Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Third edition. Princeton University Press, New Jersey.

Dowsett, R.J., and A.D. Forbes-Watson. 1993. Checklist of birds of the Afrotropical and Malagasy regions. Volume 1: species limits and distribution. Tauraco Press, Liège, Belgium.

Sibley, C.G., and B.L. Monroe, Jr. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut.

 

page 24, Bald Ibis  Geronticus calvus

Following the change in the English name of Geronticus eremita, from Waldrapp to Northern Bald Ibis, change the English name of Geronticus calvus from Bald Ibis to Southern Bald Ibis.

 

page 24, Sao Tome Ibis  Bostrychia bocagei

The monotypic group Olive Ibis (Sao Tome) Bostrychia olivacea bocagei is recognized as a separate species, Sao Tome Ibis Bostrychia bocagei.

 

page 34, Osprey  Pandion haliaetus

Change the English name of the group Pandion haliaetus haliaetus from Osprey (Eurasian) to Osprey (haliaetus).

Change the English name of the group Pandion haliaetus carolinensis from Osprey (American) to Osprey (carolinensis).

Change the English name of the group Pandion haliaetus ridgwayi from Osprey (Caribbean) to Osprey (ridgwayi).

These revisions are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 35, Black-breasted Kite  Hamirostra melanosternon

page 35, Long-tailed Honey-buzzard  Henicopernis longicauda

page 35, Black Honey-buzzard  Henicopernis infuscatus

page 35, Square-tailed Kite  Lophoictinia isura

The genera Hamirostra, Henicopernis, and Lophoictinia prove to be closely related to each other, and are sister to the cuckoo-hawks (Aviceda) (Barrowclough et al. 2014). Reposition these three genera immediately following Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus, and immediately before Aviceda.

Reference:

Barrowclough, G.F., J.G. Groth, J.E. Lai, and S.M. Tsang. 2014. The phylogenetic relationships of the endemic genera of Australo-Papuan hawks. Journal of Raptor Research 48: 36-43.

 

page 38, Short-toed Eagle  Circaetus gallicus

Change the English name of Circaetus gallicus from Short-toed Eagle to Short-toed Snake-Eagle. The eBird/Clements Checklist long has used the name Short-toed Eagle for Circaetus gallicus (and this name still is used by the British Ornithologists’ Union). Other authors, however, have adopted the same group name, “snake-eagle”, that is used for all other species of Circaetus (e.g., Britton 1980, Ferguson-Lees and Christie 2001, African Bird Club 2010), and we follow this trend.

References:

African Bird Club. 2010. African Bird Club checklist (compiled by Peter Lack). Version of March 2010. African Bird Club, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

Britton, P.L. (editor). 1980. Birds of east Africa. East Africa Natural History Society, Nairobi.

Ferguson-Lees, J., and D.A. Christie. 2001. Raptors of the world.    Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston and New York.

 

page 43, Sharp-shinned Hawk  Accipiter striatus

Subspecies madrensis, previously placed in a group with subspecies chionogaster, properly belongs in the group Sharp-shinned Hawk (Northern) Accipiter striatus [velox Group]. Consequently, the group Sharp-shinned Hawk (White-breasted) becomes monotypic, and the scientific name for this group changes from Accipiter striatus chionogaster/madrensis to Accipiter striatus chionogaster.

 

page 46, White-tailed Hawk  Geranoaetus albicaudatus

Revise the range description for subspecies colonus from “Netherlands Antilles, n South America and Amazon basin” to “eastern Colombia and northern and central Venezuela east to the Guianas and northeastern Brazil, north of the Amazon; Aruba, Curaçao, and Bonaire”.

 

Pages 45-47, New World Buteos  genus Buteo

The sequence of species of New World Buteo is revised, in accord with NACC (Chesser et al. 2015). The sequence of species that we adopt is as follows:

Gray Hawk  Buteo plagiatus

Gray-lined Hawk   Buteo nitidus

Red-shouldered Hawk  Buteo lineatus

Ridgway’s Hawk  Buteo ridgwayi

Broad-winged Hawk  Buteo platypterus

Hawaiian Hawk  Buteo solitarius

Short-tailed Hawk  Buteo brachyurus

White-throated Hawk  Buteo albigula

Swainson’s Hawk  Buteo swainsoni

Galapagos Hawk  Buteo galapagoensis

Zone-tailed Hawk  Buteo albonotatus

Rufous-tailed Hawk  Buteo ventralis

Red-tailed Hawk  Buteo jamaicensis

Rough-legged Hawk  Buteo lagopus

Ferruginous Hawk  Buteo regalis

Reference:

Chesser, R.T., R.C. Banks, K.J. Burns, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, A.G. Navarro-Sigüenza, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2015. Fifty-sixth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American birds. Auk 132: 748-764.

 

page 45, Red-shouldered Hawk  Buteo lineatus

The monotypic group Red-shouldered Hawk (Eastern) Buteo lineatus lineatus and the polytypic group Red-shouldered Hawk (Gulf Coast/Texas) Buteo lineatus alleni/texanus are merged, as these two groups are not field identifiable. The combined group takes the English name Red-shouldered Hawk (lineatus Group) and the scientific name Buteo lineatus [lineatus Group].

Change the English name of the group Buteo lineatus extimus from Red-shouldered Hawk (South Florida) to Red-shouldered Hawk (extimus); and change the English of the group Buteo lineatus elegans from Red-shouldered Hawk (California) to Red-shouldered Hawk (elegans). These revisions are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 46, Red-tailed Hawk  Buteo jamaicensis

Change the English name of the group Buteo jamaicensis calurus/alascensis from Red-tailed Hawk (Western) to Red-tailed Hawk (calurus/alascensis).

Change the English name of the group Buteo jamaicensis borealis from Red-tailed Hawk (Eastern) to Red-tailed Hawk (borealis).

Change the English name of the group Buteo jamaicensis fuertesi from Red-tailed Hawk (Fuertes’s) to Red-tailed Hawk (fuertesi).

Change the English name of the group Buteo jamaicensis kemsiesi/hadropus from Red-tailed Hawk (Mexican) to Red-tailed Hawk (kemsiesi/hadropus

Change the English name of the group Buteo jamaicensis costaricensis from Red-tailed Hawk (Costa Rican) to Red-tailed Hawk (costaricensis).

Change the English name of the group Buteo jamaicensis fumosus from Red-tailed Hawk (Tres Marias) to Red-tailed Hawk (fumosus).

Change the English name of the group Buteo jamaicensis socorroensis from Red-tailed Hawk (Socorro) to Red-tailed Hawk (socorroensis).

These revisions are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 78, Yellow Rail  Coturnicops noveboracensis

Change the English name of the monotypic group Coturnicops noveboracensis goldmani from Yellow Rail (Mexican) to Yellow Rail (Goldman’s). Revise the range description from “Locally in marshes near Río Lerma (central Mexico)” to “known only from marshes near Río Lerma (central Mexico); possibly extinct (not reported since the early 1960s)”.

 

page 85, Spot-flanked Gallinule  Gallinula melanops

Spot-flanked Gallinule is not a gallinule (Gallinula), but instead is more closely related to Porzana crakes (Garcia-R. et al. 2014). In accord with SACC (Proposal 651), change the scientific name of Spot-flanked Gallinule from Gallinula melanops to Porphyriops melanops. Reposition Spot-flanked Gallinule to a new position, immediately following Striped Crake (Aenigmatolimnas marginalis).

Reference:

Garcia-R., J.C., G.C. Gibb, and S.A. Trewick. 2014. Deep global evolutionary radiation in birds: diversification and trait evolution in the cosmopolitan bird family Rallidae.Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 81: 96–108.

 

page 83, Ash-throated Crake  Porzana albicollis

The genus Porzana is polyphyletic (Garca-R et al. 2014). In accord with SACC (Proposal 650), change the scientific name of Ash-throated Crake from Porzana albicollis to Mustelirallus albicollis, and transfer Ash-throated Crake to a new position, immediately preceding Colombian Crake (Mustelirallus colombianus, formerly Neocrex columbiana).

Reference:

Garcia-R., J.C., G.C. Gibb, and S.A. Trewick. 2014. Deep global evolutionary radiation in birds: diversification and trait evolution in the cosmopolitan bird family Rallidae.Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 81: 96–108.

 

page 84, Colombian Crake  Neocrex colombiana

page 84, Paint-billed Crake  Neocrex erythrops

In accord with SACC (Proposal 650), the genus Neocrex is merged into Mustelirallus. Change the scientific name of Colombian Crake from Neocrex columbiana to Mustelirallus columbianus.

Change the scientific name of Paint-billed Crake from Neocrex erythrops to Mustelirallus erythrops.

 

Pages 84-85, gallinules  genus Porphyrio

The sequence of species within Porphyrio is revised, following Garcia-R. and Trewick (2015). The sequence of species that we adopt is as follows:

Allen’s Gallinule  Porphyrio alleni

Purple Gallinule  Porphyrio martinicus

Azure Gallinule  Porphyrio flavirostris

Western Swamphen  Porphyrio porphyrio

Black-backed Swamphen  Porphyrio indicus

African Swamphen  Porphyrio madagascariensis

South Island Takahe  Porphyrio hochstetteri

North Island Takahe  Porphyrio mantelli

Australasian Swamphen  Porphyrio melanotus

Philippine Swamphen  Porphyrio pulverulentus

Lord Howe Swamphen  Porphyrio albus

Gray-headed Swamphen  Porphyrio poliocephalus

Reference:

Garcia-R., J.C., and S.A. Trewick. 2015. Dispersal and speciation in purple swamphens (Rallidae: Porphyrio). Auk 132: 140–155.

 

page 84, Western Swamphen  Porphyrio porphyrio

Revise the range description from “Iberian Peninsula and nw Africa” to “Iberian Peninsula and northwestern Africa (Morocco to Tunisia)”.

 

page 84, Gray-headed Swamphen  Porphyrio poliocephalus

Revise the range description for subspecies poliocephalus from “India to Sri Lanka, s China, n Thailand, Andaman, Nicobar is.” to “India to Sri Lanka, southern China, northern Thailand, and the Andaman and Nicobar islands. An introduced population in Florida (United States) apparently is this subspecies” (Kratter et al. 2002, Pranty 2012).

References:

Kratter, A.W., T. Webber, T. Taylor, and D.W. Steadman. 2002. New specimen-based records of Florida birds. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History 43: 111-161.

Pranty, B. 2012. Population growth, spread, and persistence of Purple Swamphens (Porphyrio porphyrio) in Florida. Florida Field Naturalist 40: 1-12.

 

page 85, Common Gallinule  Gallinula galeata

Revise the range description for subspecies galeata from “Guianas to n Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil; Trinidad” to “Venezuela, Trinidad, and the Guianas south to northern Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil”.

 

page 77, Limpkin  Aramus guarauna

Revise the range description for subspecies dolosus from “SE Mexico to Panama” to “southern Mexico south to western Panama (western Bocas del Toro)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies guarana from “S America (except for arid w coast, Andes and extreme south)” to “central and eastern Panama; South America, south, west of the Andes, to western Ecuador, and east of the Andes south to northern Argentina”.

 

page 77, Pale-winged Trumpeter  Psophia leucoptera

The monotypic group Pale-winged Trumpeter (Ochre-winged) Psophia leucoptera ochroptera is more closely related to Gray-winged Trumpeter Psophia crepitans than it is to Pale-winged Trumpeter (Ribas et al. 2012), and so is reclassified as Gray-winged Trumpeter (Ochre-winged) Psophia crepitans ochroptera. Position ochroptera between subspecies napensis and crepitans. As a result, Pale-winged Trumpter becomes monotypic.

Reference:

Ribas, C.C., A. Aleixo, A.C.R. Noguira, C.Y. Miyaki, and J. Cracraft. 2012. A palaeobiogeographic model for biotic diversification within Amazonia over the past three million years. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 279: 681-689.

 

page 77, Dark-winged Trumpeter  Psophia viridis

Revise the range of subspecies dextralis from “E Brazil s of Amazon between Rio Tapajós and Rio Tocantins” to “eastern Brazil, south of the Amazon, between the Tapajós and Xingu rivers”.

Insert Psophia viridis interjecta (Griscom and Greenway 1937) immediately following Psophia viridis dextralis, with range “eastern Brazil, south of the Amazon, between the Xingu and Tocantins rivers”. Subspecies interjecta previously had been treated as a population showing signs of introgression between subspecies dextralis and obscura (e.g. Sherman 1996), but genetic data support its recognition as a separate population (Ribas et al. 2012).

References:

Griscom, L., and J.C. Greenway, Jr. 1937. Critical notes on new Neotropical birds. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 81: 417-437.

Ribas, C.C., A. Aleixo, A.C.R. Noguira, C.Y. Miyaki, and J. Cracraft. 2012. A palaeobiogeographic model for biotic diversification within Amazonia over the past three million years. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 279: 681-689.

Sherman, P.T. 1996. Family Psophiidae (trumpeters). Pages 96-107 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and J. Sargatal (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 3. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

page 77, Sandhill Crane  Grus canadensis

Change the English name of the group Grus canadensis canadensis from Sandhill Crane (Lesser) to Sandhill Crane (canadensis).

Change the English name of the group Grus canadensis tabida/rowani from Sandhill Crane (Greater) to Sandhill Crane (tabida/rowani).

Change the English name of the group Grus canadensis pulla from Sandhill Crane (Mississippi) to Sandhill Crane (pulla).

Change the English name of the group Grus canadensis pratensis from Sandhill Crane (Florida) to Sandhill Crane (pratensis).

Change the English name of the group Grus canadensis nesiotes from Sandhill Crane (Cuban) to Sandhill Crane (nesiotes).

Thees are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 93, European Golden-Plover  Pluvialis apricaria

Revise the range description for subspecies altifrons from “E-central Greenland, Iceland and Faeroes to Taymyr Peninsula” to “breeds east central Greenland, Iceland,  the Faeroes, and northern Fennoscandia east to western Siberia; the species winters from Ireland and Great Britain south to the Mediterranean and east to the Caspian Sea”.

Revise the range description for subspecies apricaria from “Br. Isles to Baltic Pen.; winters Mediterranean and Persian Gulf” to “breeds from Ireland and Great Britain through northern Europe (including southern Fennoscandia) to the Baltic States; the species winters from Ireland and Great Britain south to the Mediterranean and east to the Caspian Sea”.

 

page 93, American Golden-Plover  Pluvialis dominica

Revise the range description from “Breeds Arctic North America; winters s South America” to “breeds Alaska and northern Canada; winters in southern South America, primarily in eastern Argentina and adjacent Paraguay and southern Brazil”.

 

page 93, Pacific Golden-Plover  Pluvialis fulva

Revise the range description from “Siberia and w Alaska; winters to Africa, s Asia and Australasia” to “breeds Siberia and western Alaska; winters from eastern Africa to South Asia (east to southern China) and the Hawaiian Islands, south through Asia and the tropical Paficic to Australia and New Zealand”.

 

page 93, Sunda Lapwing  Vanellus macropterus

Change the English name of Vanellus macropterus from Sunda Lapwing to Javan Lapwing, to better reflect its restricted distribution, and to conform to current usage. Revise the range description from “Formerly Sumatra and Java. Last recorded ca 1920” to “Java; undocumented records from Sumata and Timor. Possibly extinct”.

 

page 93, Southern Lapwing  Vanellus chilensis

Change the English name of the group Vanellus chilensis cayennensis from Southern Lapwing (Northern) to Southern Lapwing (cayennensis).

Change the English name of the group Vanellus chilensis lampronotus from Southern Lapwing (Central South America) to Southern Lapwing (lampronotus).

Change the English name of the group Vanellus chilensis chilensis/fretensis from Southern Lapwing (Southern South America) to Southern Lapwing (chilensis/fretensis).

These revisions are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

Revise the (mangled) range description for nominate chilensis from “Argentina (Comodoro Rivadavia) to Chile (Chiloé I.) Chile (Antofagasta south to (Chiloé Island), Argentina (W Mendoza to Neuquen)” to “Chile (Antofagasta south to Chiloé Island), Argentina (W Mendoza to Neuquen)”.

 

page 94, Snowy Plover  Charadrius nivosus

Change the English name of the group Charadrius nivosus nivosus from Snowy Plover (Snowy) to Snowy Plover (nivosus).

Change the English name of the group Charadrius nivosus occidentalis from Snowy Plover (Humboldt) to Snowy Plover (occidentalis).

These revisions are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 93, Wilson’s Plover  Charadrius wilsonia

Revise the range description for subspecies cinnamominus from “Colombia to French Guiana; Netherlands Antilles” to “coastal northern South America from Colombia to French Guiana; Aruba, Bonaire, Isla Margarita, and Trinidad”.

 

page 93, Common Ringed Plover  Charadrius hiaticula

Revise the range description for subspecies hiaticula from “NE Canada and Greenland to Scandinavia; winters to Africa” to “breeds northeastern arctic Canada, Greenland, Iceland, Spitsbergen, and southern Scandanavia south to France; primarily winters western Africa”.

Revise the range description for subspecies tundrae from “Russia and Siberia; winters Caspian Sea, sw Asia to S Africa” to “breeds northern Scandanavia to eastern Siberia; winters eastern Africa to the Caspian Sea and South Asia”.

 

page 93, Little Ringed Plover  Charadrius dubius

Change the English name of the group Charadrius dubius curonicus from Little Ringed Plover (Northern) to Little Ringed Plover (curonicus).

Change the English name of the group Charadrius dubius dubius/jerdoni from Little Ringed Plover (Southern) to Little Ringed Plover (dubius/jerdoni).

These revisions are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 95, Rufous-chested Dotterel  Charadrius modestus

Revise the range description from “Tierra del Fuego and Falkland Islands; winters to se Brazil” to “breeds southern Chile (north to Chiloé) and southern Argentina to Tierra del Fuego and Falkland Islands; winters north to northern Chile and southeastern Brazil”.

 

page 95, Diademed Sandpiper-Plover  Phegornis mitchellii

Revise the range description from “High elevation bogs of s Peru to w Argentina and Chile” to “high elevation bogs of Andes from central Peru to central Chile and western Argentina”.

 

page 100, White-bellied Seedsnipe  Attagis malouinus

Revise the range description from “S Argentina, s Chile, Cape Horn Archipelago and Staten I.” to “breeds from southwestern Argentina (north to western Río Negro) and southern Chile (Magallanes) to Cape Horm; winters to lower elevations in southern Patagonia, Tierra del Fuego, and Staten Island”.

 

page 98, Solitary Sandpiper  Tringa solitaria

Change the English name of the group Tringa solitaria solitaria from Solitary Sandpiper (Eastern) to Solitary Sandpiper (solitaria).

Change the English name of the group Tringa solitaria cinnamomea from Solitary Sandpiper (Western) to Solitary Sandpiper (cinnamomea).

These revisions are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 98, Willet  Tringa semipalmata

Revise the range description for the monotypic group Willet (Western) Tringa semipalmata inornata from “Central Canada to Nebraska and Colorado; winters to n Chile” to “breeds central Canada to Nebraska and Colorado; winters coastally from the southern United States to northern Chile”.

 

page 97, Black-tailed Godwit  Limosa limosa

Change the English name of the group Limosa limosa islandica from Black-tailed Godwit (Icelandic) to Black-tailed Godwit (islandica).

Change the English name of the group Limosa limosa limosa from Black-tailed Godwit (European) to Black-tailed Godwit (limosa).

Change the English name of the group Limosa limosa melanuroides from Black-tailed Godwit (Siberian) to Black-tailed Godwit (melanuroides).

These revisions are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 97, Hudsonian Godwit  Limosa haemastica

Revise the range description from “Canadian Arctic; winters Atlantic coast of s South America” to “breeds locally in Alaska and northern Canada (east to Hudson Bay); winters in southern South America (Argentina and south central Chile), south to Tierra del Fuego”.

 

page 99, Dunlin  Calidris alpina

Change the English name of the polytypic group Calidris alpina pacifica/arcticola from Dunlin (Pacific) to Dunlin (pacifica/arcticola).

Change the English name of the monotypic group Calidris alpina hudsonia from Dunlin (Eastern) to Dunlin (hudsonia).

Change the English name of the monotypic group Calidris alpina arctica from Dunlin (Greenland) to Dunlin (arctica).

Change the English name of the monotypic group Calidris alpina schinzii from Dunlin (Icelandic) to Dunlin (schinzii).

Change the English name of the monotypic group Calidris alpina alpina from Dunlin (European) to Dunlin (alpina).

Change the English name of the polytypic group Calidris alpina [sakhalina Group] from Dunlin (Northeast Asian) to Dunlin (sakhalina Group).

These revisions are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 99, Rock Sandpiper  Calidris ptilocnemis

Change the English name of the monotypic group Calidris ptilocnemis ptilocnemis from Rock Sandpiper (Pribilof Is.) to Rock Sandpiper (ptilocnemis).

Change the English name of the monotypic group Calidris ptilocnemis quarta from Rock Sandpiper (Kuril Is.) to Rock Sandpiper (quarta).

Change the English name of the monotypic group Calidris ptilocnemis tschuktschorum from Rock Sandpiper (Bering Strait) to Rock Sandpiper (tschuktschorum).

Change the English name of the monotypic group Calidris ptilocnemis couesi from Rock Sandpiper (Aleutian) to Rock Sandpiper (couesi).

These revisions are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 97, Short-billed Dowitcher  Limnodromus griseus

Change the English name of the monotypic group Limnodromus griseus griseus from Short-billed Dowitcher (Atlantic) to Short-billed Dowitcher (griseus).

Change the English name of the monotypic group Limnodromus griseus hendersoni from Short-billed Dowitcher (Prairie) to Short-billed Dowitcher (hendersoni).

Change the English name of the monotypic group Limnodromus griseus caurinus from Short-billed Dowitcher (Pacific) to Short-billed Dowitcher (caurinus).

These revisions are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 107, Black Guillemot  Cepphus grille

Change the English name of the monotypic group Cepphus grylle mandtii from Black Guillemot (Arctic) to Black Guillemot (mandtii).

Change the English name of the polytypic group Cepphus grylle [grylle Group] from Black Guillemot (Subarctic) to Black Guillemot (grylle Group).

These revisions are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 107, Pigeon Guillemot  Cepphus columba

Change the English name of the monotypic group Cepphus columba snowi from Pigeon Guillemot (Snow’s) to Pigeon Guillemot (snowi).

Change the English name of the polytypic group Cepphus columba [columba Group] from Pigeon Guillemot (American) to Pigeon Guillemot (columba Group).

These revisions are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 103, Black-legged Kittiwake  Rissa tridactyla

Change the English name of the monotypic group Rissa tridactyla tridactyla from Black-legged Kittiwake (Atlantic) to Black-legged Kittiwake (tridactyla).

Change the English name of the monotypic group Rissa tridactyla pollicaris from Black-legged Kittiwake (Pacific) to Black-legged Kittiwake (pollicaris).

These revisions are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 102, Caspian Gull  Larus cachinnans

Transfer the monotypic group Caspian Gull (Steppe) Larus cachinnans barabensis to Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus, following Collinson et al. 2008 and references therein; position it immediately following Lesser Black-backed Gull (Heuglin’s) Larus fuscus heuglini. Change the English name to Lesser Black-backed Gull (Steppe), and change the scientific name to Larus fuscus barabensis. As a result, Caspian Gull becomes monotypic.

Transfer the monotypic group Caspian Gull (Mongolian) Larus cachinnans mongolicus to Herring Gull Larus argentatus, following Collinson et al. 2008 and references therein; position it immediately following Herring Gull (Vega) Larus argentatus vegae. Change the English name to Herring Gull (Mongolian), and change the scientific name to Larus argentatus mongolicus.

As a result of these changes, Caspian Gull becomes monotypic.

Reference:

Collinson, J.M., D.T. Parkin, A.G. Knox, G. Sangster, and L. Svensson. 2008. Species boundaries in the Herring and Lesser Black-backed Gull complex. British Birds 101: 340–363.

 

page 102, Yellow-legged Gull  Larus michahellis

Change the English name of the monotypic group Larus michahellis atlantis from Yellow-legged Gull (Azorean) to Yellow-legged Gull (atlantis).

Change the English name of the monotypic group Larus michahellis michahellis from Yellow-legged Gull (Mediterranean) to Yellow-legged Gull (michahellis).

These revisions are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 101, Iceland Gull  Larus glaucoides

Change the English name of the monotypic group Larus glaucoides kumlieni from Iceland Gull (Kumlien’s) to Iceland Gull (kumlieni). This is part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 101, Kelp Gull  Larus dominicanus

Change the English name of the monotypic group Larus dominicanus dominicanus from Kelp Gull (Kelp) to Kelp Gull (dominicanus).

Change the English name of the monotypic group Larus dominicanus austrinus from Kelp Gull (Antarctic) to Kelp Gull (austrinus).

Change the English name of the monotypic group Larus dominicanus judithae from Kelp Gull (Indian Ocean) to Kelp Gull (judithae).

Change the English name of the monotypic group Larus dominicanus vetula from Kelp Gull (Cape) to Kelp Gull (vetula).

Change the English name of the monotypic group Larus dominicanus melisandae from Kelp Gull (Madagascar) to Kelp Gull (melisandae).

These revisions are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 103, Black Noddy  Anous minutus

Change the English name of the monotypic group Anous minutus americanus from Black Noddy (Caribbean) to Black Noddy (americanus).

Change the English name of the monotypic group Anous minutus melanogenys from Black Noddy (Hawaiian) to Black Noddy (melanogenys).

Change the English name of the polytypic group Anous minutus [minutus Group] from Black Noddy (Black) to Black Noddy (minutus Group). This group was introduced in the eBird/Clements Checklist 6.9 (August 2014), and combined the former monotypic group Black Noddy (East Pacific) Anous minutus diamesus and four subspecies that previously were not assigned to any group: worcesteri, minutus, marcusi, and atlanticus.

These revisions are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 104, Least Tern  Sternula antillarum

The three subspecies of Least Tern are not field identifiable. Consequently the three previously recognized monotypic groups are treated now only as subspecies; delete the groups Least Tern (California) Sternula antillarum browni; Least Tern (Interior) Sternula antillarum athalassos; and Least Tern (Atlantic) Sternula antillarum antillarum.

 

pages 104-105, Gull-billed Tern  Gelochelidon nilotica

Change the name of subspecies addenda to the older available name affinis (Cheng 1987).

Reference:

Cheng, T.-h. 1987. A synopsis of the avifauna of China. Science Press, Beijing.

 

page 105, Common Tern  Sterna hirundo

Change the English name of the monotypic group Sterna hirundo hirundo from Common Tern (Common) to Common Tern (hirundo).

Change the English name of the group Sterna hirundo longipennis from Common Tern (Siberian) to Common Tern (longipennis).

These revisions are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 106, Black Skimmer  Rynchops niger

Change the English name of the monotypic group Rynchops niger niger from Black Skimmer (Northern) to Black Skimmer (niger). This revision is part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 111, Scaly-naped Pigeon  Patagioenas squamosa

Revise the range description from “Greater Antilles, Lesser Antilles and Netherlands Antilles” to “Greater Antilles, Lesser Antilles, and Aruba, Curaçao, and Bonaire”.

 

page 112, Plumbeous Pigeon  Patagioenas plumbea

The sequence of subspecies is revised, a subspecies is transferred from Ruddy Pigeon (Patagioenas subvinacea) to Plumbeous Pigeon, and a previously overlooked subspecies is added:

Subspecies bogotensis belongs with Plumbeous Pigeon, not with Ruddy Pigeon (Patagioenas subvinacea) (Hellmayr and Conover 1942). Previously recognized subspecies delicata, with range “E Colombia to Venezuela, the Guianas, n Brazil and n Bolivia”, is regarded as a junior synonym of bogotensis (Hellmayr and Conover 1942). Revise the range description for bogotensis from “Andes of Colombia to ne Bolivia and Amazonian Brazil” to “distribution not well defined, but typically described as lower slopes of the east side of the Andes from Venezuela south to Bolivia”.

Revise the range description for subspecies pallescens from “Small tributaries of Amazon from Rio Purús to Pará” to “distribution not well defined, but reported from southeastern Ecuador, eastern Peru, and southwest Amazonian Brazil”.

Following subspecies pallescens, insert a previously overlooked subspecies, wallacei Chubb 1917b, with range “Guianas (and easternmost Venezuela?) and central Amazonian Brazil, north of the Amazon west to the Rio Negro” (Hellmayr and Conover 1942).

References:

Chubb, C. 1917b. Descriptions of new forms of South-American birds. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 38: 29-34.

Hellmayr, C.E., and B. Conover. 1942. Catalogue of birds of the Americas. Part I, number 1. Field Museum of Natural History Zoological Series volume 13, part 1, number 1.

 

page 112, Ruddy Pigeon  Patagioenas subvinacea

Subspecies bogotensis belongs with Plumbeous Pigeon (Patagioenas plumbea), not with Ruddy Pigeon (Hellmayr and Conover 1942).

Immediately following the entry for Ruddy Pigeon (Ruddy) Patagioenas subvinacea [purpureotincta Group], insert a previously overlooked subspecies, ruberrima Meyer de Schauensee 1950, with range “northwestern Colombia (Sinú Valley)” (Meyer de Schauensee 1964).

Immediately following the entry for subspecies peninsularis, insert a previously overlooked subspecies, ogilviegranti Chubb 1917, with range “southeastern Colombia south to eastern Bolivia” (Hellmayr and Conover 1942, Meyer de Schauensee 1964).

Revise the range description for subspecies purpureotincta from “SE Colombia to Venezuela and the Guianas” to “distribution not well defined, but includes southern Venezuela (and eastern Colombia?), the Guianas, and Brazil north of the Amazon” (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

Immediately following the entry for subspecies purpureotincta, insert a previously overlooked subspecies, recondita Todd 1937, with range “central Amazonian Brazil, south of the Amazon” (Hellmayr and Conover 1942, Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

References:

Chubb, C. 1917a. New species of birds from Ecuador and Peru. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 38: 4-5.

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard and Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Non-passerines. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

Hellmayr, C.E., and B. Conover. 1942. Catalogue of birds of the Americas. Part I, number 1. Field Museum of Natural History Zoological Series volume 13, part 1, number 1.

Meyer de Schauensee, R. 1964. The bird of Colombia and adjacent areas of South and Central America. Livingston Publishing Company, Narberth, Pennsylvania.

Todd, W.E.C. 1937. The pigeons of the Columba plumbea group. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington  50: 185-190.

 

page 700, Passenger Pigeon  Ectopistes migratorius

Reposition Passenger Pigeon to immediately follow the genus Patagioenas.

 

page 115, Emerald Dove  Chalcophaps indica

Change a subspecies name from chrysochlora 1827 to rogersi 1912 (Schodde and Mason 1997). As a result, the oldest available name for the polytpic group Emerald Dove (Pacific) is longirostris 1848, and so the scientific name of this group changes from Chalcophaps indica [chrysochlora Group] to Chalcophaps indica [longirostris Group].

Reference:

Schodde, R., and I.J. Mason. 1997. Aves (Columbidae to Coraciidae). Volume 37.2 in W.W.K. Houston and A. Wells (editors), Zoological  Catalogue of Australia. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne.

 

page 117, Common Ground-Dove  Columbina passerina

Revise the range description for subspecies albivitta from “N Colombia, n Venezuela, Netherlands Antilles and Trinidad” to “northern Colombia, northern Venezuela, Aruba, Curaçao, and Bonaire, and Trinidad”.

 

page 120, Blue-headed Quail-Dove  Starnoenas cyanocephala

Reposition Blue-headed Quail-Dove to immediately follow Long-tailed Ground-Dove (Uropelia campestris).

 

page 119, Gray-chested Dove  Leptotila cassinii

Change the English name of the monotypic group Leptotila cassinii cassinii from Gray-chested Dove (cassini) to Gray-chested Dove (cassinii).

 

page 116, Eared Dove  Zenaida auriculata

Revise the range description for subspecies vinaceorufa from “Netherlands Antilles (Curaçao, Aruba and Bonaire)” to “Aruba, Curaçao, and Bonaire”.

 

page 121, Marquesas Ground-Dove  Gallicolumba rubescens

Revise the range description from “Marquesas Islands (Fatuhuku and Hatuta’a)” to “Marquesas Islands (Hatutaa and Fatu Huku)”.

 

page 121, White-eared Dove  Phapitreron leucotis

Change the English name of Phapitreron leucotis from White-eared Dove to White-eared Brown-Dove, to conform to prevailing usage (e.g., Dickinson et al. 1991, Baptista et al. 1997, Kennedy et al. 2000).

References:

Baptista, L.F., P.W. Trail, and H.M. Horblit. 1997. Family Columbidae (pigeons and doves). Pages 60-243 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and J. Sargatal (editors), Handbook of birds of the world. Volume 4. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Dickinson, E.C., R.S. Kennedy, and K.C. Parkes. 1991. The birds of the Philippines. An annotated check-list. British Ornithologists’ Union Check-list number 12. British Ornithologists’ Union, London.

Kennedy, R.S., P.C. Gonzales, E.C. Dickinson, H.C. Miranda, Jr., and T.H. Fisher. 2000. A guide to the birds of the Philippines. Oxford University Press, New York and Oxford, United Kingdom.

 

page 121, Amethyst Dove  Phapitreron amethystinus

Change the English name of Phapitreron amethystinus from Amethyst Dove to Amethyst Brown-Dove, to conform to prevailing usage (e.g., Dickinson et al. 1991, Baptista et al. 1997, Kennedy et al. 2000).

References:

Baptista, L.F., P.W. Trail, and H.M. Horblit. 1997. Family Columbidae (pigeons and doves). Pages 60-243 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and J. Sargatal (editors), Handbook of birds of the world. Volume 4. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Dickinson, E.C., R.S. Kennedy, and K.C. Parkes. 1991. The birds of the Philippines. An annotated check-list. British Ornithologists’ Union Check-list number 12. British Ornithologists’ Union, London.

Kennedy, R.S., P.C. Gonzales, E.C. Dickinson, H.C. Miranda, Jr., and T.H. Fisher. 2000. A guide to the birds of the Philippines. Oxford University Press, New York and Oxford, United Kingdom.

 

page 123, Whistling Green-Pigeon  Treron formosae

Correct a typo in the range for subspecies permagnus, and change “N Ryukyu Islands (Yakushima, Amani-Oshima and Okinawa)” to “northern Ryukyu Islands (Yakushima, Amami-Oshima and Okinawa)”.

 

page 127, Orange Dove  Ptilinopus victor

Correct a typographic error, and revise the range description for subspecies victor from “N Fiji (Vanua Levu, Rabi, Kooa and Taveuni)” to “northern Fiji (Vanua Levu, Rabi, Kioa and Taveuni)”.

 

page 154, Brush Cuckoo  Cacomantis variolosus

The relationships of taxa in the Brush Cuckoo group are not well resolved, but recent field evidence suggests that aeruginosus, previously classified as a member of the group Brush Cuckoo (Rusty-breasted) Cacomantis variolosus [sepulcralis Group], belongs instead with Moluccan Cuckoo (Tebb et al. 2008). As the name aeruginosus 1878 has priority over heinrichi 1931, the scientific name of Moluccan Cuckoo changes from Cacomantis heinrichi to Cacomantis aeruginosus.

Reference:

Tebb, G., P. Morris, and P. Los. 2008. New and interesting bird records from Sulawesi and Halmahera, Indonesia. BirdingAsia 10: 67-76.

 

page 155, Square-tailed Drongo-Cuckoo  Surniculus lugubris

The systematics of the drongo-cuckoos (Surniculus) long have been problematic. Previously we applied the name barussarum to the resident populations of Square-tailed Drongo-Cuckoo that occur from the Himalayas east to the Philippines. Mees (1986) argued that the type of barussarum, however, represented a migrant of a fork tailed population, which we recognize as Fork-tailed Drongo-Cuckoo (Surniculus dicruroides). The next available name for this population of Square-tailed Drongo-Cuckoo is brachyurus; so, change the scientific name of the widespread subspecies of Square-tailed Drongo-Cuckoo from Surniculus lugubris barussarum to Surniculus lugubris brachyurus.

Reference:

Mees, G.F. 1986. A list of the birds recorded from Bangka Island, Indonesia. Zoologische Verhandelingen number 232.

 

page 155, Fork-tailed Drongo-Cuckoo  Surniculus dicruroides

Revise the range description of subspecies dicruroides from “Indian subcontinent, Thailand, Indochina, and southern China” to “Himalayas and the Indian subcontinent”.

The systematics of the drongo-cuckoos (Surniculus) long have been problematic. Previously we applied the name barussarum to the resident populations of Square-tailed Drongo-Cuckoo (Surniculus lugubris) that occur from the Himalayas east to the Philippines. Mees (1986) argued that the type of barussarum, however, represented a migrant of a fork tailed population, which we recognize as Fork-tailed Drongo-Cuckoo. Transfer subspecies barussarum from Square-tailed Drongo-Cuckoo to Fork-tailed Drongo-Cuckoo, and assign its range as “northeastern India, northern Myanmar, northern Thailand, northern Indochina, and southeastern China, including Hainan”.

Reference:

Mees, G.F. 1986. A list of the birds recorded from Bangka Island, Indonesia. Zoologische Verhandelingen number 232.

 

page 155, Asian Koel  Eudynamys scolopaceus

Subspecies simalurensis, with range “Simeulue I. (off w Sumatra)”, is merged with subspecies malayanus (Payne 2005).

Subspecies frater, with range “N Philippines (Calayan and Fuga)”, is merged with subspecies mindanensis (Payne 2005). Also merged with mindanensis is subspecies corvinus, with range “N Moluccas (Morotai, Halmahera, Ternate, Tidore and Bacan)”, which we previously included in the group Asian Koel (Pacific) Eudynamys scolopaceus [orientalis Group]. Revise the range of mindanensis from “Philippines, Palawan, Sulu Arch., Sangihe I. and Talaud Islands” to “Philippines (including Palawan), Sulu Archipelago, Sangihe, Siau, Ruang, Talaud Islands, and the northern Moluccas”.

Reference:

Payne, R.B. 2005. The cuckoos. Oxford University Press, New York and Oxford, United Kingdom.

 

page 155, Channel-billed Cuckoo  Scythrops novaehollandiae

Add subspecies fordi, with range “Sulawesi and the Banggai, Sula, and Tukangbesi Islands” (Mason and Forrester 1996); insert subspecies fordi immediately following the species entry.

Add subspecies schoddei, with range “Bismarck Archipelago” (Mason and Forrester 1996); insert subspecies schoddei immediately following fordi.

With the addition of subspecies fordi and schoddei, Scythrops novaehollandiae no longer is monotypic. Ascribe the range “breeds northern and eastern Australia; migrates to New Guinea, Lesser Sundas, and Moluccas” to nominate novaehollandiae (Mason and Forrester); position this subspecies following fordi and schoddei.

Reference:

Mason, I.J., and R.I. Forrester. 1996.  Geographical differentiation in the Channel-billed Cuckoo Scythrops novaehollandiae Latham, with description of two new subspecies from Sulawesi and the Bismarck Archipelago. Emu 96: 217-233.

 

page 157, Buff-headed Coucal  Centropus milo

Revise the range description for subspecies albidiventris from “Solomon Is. (Vellalavella, Kulambangra, Gizo and Rendova)” to “Solomon Islands (Vella Lavella, Gizo, Kolombangara, and Rendova)”.

 

page 158, Philippine Coucal  Centropus viridis

Revise the range description for subspecies carpenteri from “Batanas Islands north of Luzon (n Batan, Sabtang and Ibuhos)” to “Philippines: Batanes Islands (Batan, Ivojos, and Sabtang), north of Luzon”. Revise the sequence of subspecies of Philippine Coucal; the sequence of subspecies that we adopt is carpenteri, major, viridis, and mindorensis.

 

page 160, Smooth-billed Ani  Crotophaga ani

Correct a typographic error in the range description: change “Indes” to “Indies”.

 

page 161, Barn Owl  Tyto alba

Subspecies sumbaensis, previously included in the polytypic group Barn Owl (Eurasian) Tyto alba [alba Group], properly belongs to the polytypic group Barn Owl (Australian) Tyto alba [delicatula Group] (König and Weick 2008, Wink et al. 2008).

Revise the range description for the monotypic group Barn Owl (Curacao) Tyto alba bargei from “Netherlands Antilles (Curaçao and Bonaire)” to “Curaçao”.

References:

König, C., and F. Weick. 2008.  Owls of the world. Second edition. Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut.

Wink, M. P. Heidrich, H. Sauer-Gürth, A.-A. Elsayed, and J. Gonzalez. 2008. Molecular phylogeny and systematics of owls (Strigiformes). Pages 42-63 in C. König and F. Weick, Owls of the world. Second edition. Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut.

 

page 163, African Scops-Owl  Otus senegalensis

Correct the spelling of the English name for the group Otus senegalensis feae from African Scops-Owl (Annabon) to African Scops-Owl (Annobon).

 

page 168, Brown Fish-Owl  Ketupa zeylonensis

Change the English name of the monotypic group Ketupa zeylonensis semenowi from Brown Fish-Owl (Western) to Brown Fish-Owl (Turkish), to match prevailing usage (e.g, Robb et al. 2015).

Reference:

Robb, M.S., and the Sound Approach. 2015. Undiscovered owls. The Sound Approach, Dorset, United Kingdom.

 

page 172, African Barred Owlet  Glaucidium capense

Correct the English name of the polytypic group Glaucidium capense capense/ngamiense from African Barred-Owlet (Bar-fronted) to African Barred Owlet (Bar-fronted).

 

page 172, Chestnut Owlet  Glaucidium castaneum

Revise the range of the monotypic group Chestnut Owlet (Chestnut) Glaucidium castaneum castaneum from “northeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (Semliki Valley) and southwestern Uganda (Bwamba Forest)” to “northeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo

(Semliki Valley) and southwestern Uganda (Bwamba Forest); records from southern Cameroon, southwestern Central African Republic, and Congo may refer to this subspecies”.

 

pages 172-173, Burrowing Owl  Athene cunicularia

Revise the range description for subspecies arubensis from “Aruba (Netherlands Antilles)” to “Aruba”.

 

page 173, Little Owl  Athene noctua

Revise the range description for subspecies noctua from “Sardinia, Corsica, Italy and Yugoslavia to Carpathian Mts.” to “Sardinia, Corsica, Italy, northwestern Balkans, southeastern Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, and Romania”.

 

page 169, Barred Owl  Strix varia

Change the English name of the monotypic group Strix varia sartorii from Barred Owl (Mexican) to Barred Owl (Cinereous).

 

page 169, Great Gray Owl  Strix nebulosa

Change the English name of Strix nebulosa lapponica from Great Gray Owl (Eurasian) to Great Gray Owl (Lappland), in accord with Robb et al. (2015).

Reference:

Robb, M.S., and the Sound Approach. 2015. Undiscovered owls. The Sound Approach, Dorset, United Kingdom.

 

page 175, Striped Owl  Pseudoscops clamator

Revise the range description for nominate clamator from “Colombia to Venezuela, e Peru and central and ne Brazil” to “Colombia to Venezuela, eastern Peru, and central and northeastern Brazil; populations of western Ecuador and Peru provisionally placed here, but may represent an undescribed taxon”.

 

page 174, Brown Boobook  Ninox scutulata

Add a previously overlooked subspecies, isolata, with range “Car Nicobar (Nicobar Islands)”. Position isolata immediately following Ninox scutulata hirsuta.

Add a previously overlooked subspecies, rexpimenti, with range “Great Nicobar (Nicobar Islands)”. Position rexpimenti immediately following Ninox scutulata isolata.

 

page 174, Hume’s Boobook  Ninox obscura

Revise the range description from “Andaman Islands and Nicobar Islands” to “Andaman Islands” (Rasmussen and Anderton 2005).

Reference:

Rasmussen, P.C., and J.C. Anderton. 2005. Birds of South Asia. The Ripley guide. Volume 2: attributes and status. Smithsonian Institution and Lynx Edicions, Washington D.C. and Barcelona.

 

page 174, Luzon Boobook  Ninox philippensis

Revise the range of subspecies centralis from “Philippines (Guimaras, Negros, Panay and Siquijor)” to “Philippines (Siquijor)”.

 

page 175, Jungle Boobook  Ninox theomacha

Change the English name of Ninox theomacha from Jungle Boobook to Papuan Boobook (Pratt and Beehler 2015).
Reference:

Pratt, T.K., and B.M. Beehler. 2015. Birds of New Guinea. Second edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 175, Papuan Boobook  Uroglaux dimorpha

Change the English name of Uroglaux dimorpha from Papuan Boobook to Papuan Owl.

 

pages 176-177, Owlet-Nightjars  Aegothelidae

Change the group name “Owlet-Nightjar” to “Owlet-nightjar” (Cleere 1998, 2010).

References:

Cleere, N. 1998. Nightjars: a guide to the nightjars, nighthawks, and their relatives. Yale University Press. New Haven, Connecticut.

Cleere, N. 2010. Nightjars: potoos, frogmouths, Oilbird and owlet-nightjars of the world. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 176, Vogelkop Owlet-nightjar  Aegotheles affinis

Subspecies terborghi, previously considered to be a subspecies of Vogelkop Owlet-nightjar, is transferred to Barred Owlet-nightjar (Aegotheles bennettii), following Pratt and Beehler (2015) (but contra Dumbacher et al. 2003).  We recognize terborghi as a new monotypic group, Barred Owlet-nightjar (Diamond’s) Aegotheles bennettii terborghi.

References:

Reference:

Dumbacher, J.P., T.K. Pratt, and R.C. Fleishcher. 2003. Phylogeny of the owlet-nightjars (Aves: Aegothelidae) based on mitochondrial DNA sequence. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 29: 540–549.

Pratt, T.K., and B.M. Beehler. 2015. Birds of New Guinea. Second edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 179, Band-tailed Nighthawk  Nyctiprogne leucopyga

Revise the range of the monotypic group Band-tailed Nighthawk (latifascia) Nyctiprogne leucopyga latifascia from “Extreme s Venezuela” to “northeastern Peru east to Venezuela amd central Brazil”.

 

page 180, Band-winged Nightjar  Systellura longirostris

Revise the range description for subspecies ruficervix from “Andes of Colombia to w Venezuela and Ecuador” to “Andes from western Venezuela and Colombia south to northern Peru (Cajamarca)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies bifasciata from “Chile and w Argentina” to “Chile and western Argentina; southernmost populations are migratory, migrating to northern Argentina”.

Revise the range description for subspecies patagonica from “Central and s Argentina” to “central and southern Argentina; southernmost populations are migratory, migrating to northeastern Argentina and Paraguay”.

 

page 182, Mees’s Nightjar  Caprimulgus meesi

Correct a typographic error, and change the range description from “Lesser Lundas (Sumba and Flores)” to “Lesser Sundas (Sumba and Flores)”.

 

page 184, Black Swift  Cypseloides niger

Change the English name of the monotypic group Cypseloides niger borealis from Black Swift (Northern) to Black Swift (borealis). Revise the range description of this group from “Mainly mountains of se Alaska to sw US” to “breeds in North America from southeastern Alaska south to southern Mexico; nonbreeding range poorly known, but breeders from Colorado migrate to southwestern Brazil”  (Lowther and Collins 2002, Beason et al. 2012).

Change the English name of the monotypic group Cypseloides niger costaricensis from Black Swift (Central American) to Black Swift (costaricensis). Revise the range description of this group from “Highlands of central Mexico to Costa Rica” to “breeds in the highlands of Costa Rica; nonbreeding range not known” (Lowther and Collins 2002).

Change the English name of the monotypic group Cypseloides niger niger from Black Swift (Caribbean) to Black Swift (niger).

These revisions to names are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

References:

Beason, J.P., C. Gunn, K.M. Potter, R.A. Sparks, and J.W. Fox. 2012. The Northern Black Swift: migration path and wintering area revealed. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 124:1-8.

Lowther, P.E., and C.T. Collins. 2002.  Black Swift (Cypseloides niger). In A. Poole (editor), The Birds of North America Online. Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York.

 

page 184, Chestnut-collared Swift  Streptoprocne rutila

Revise the range description for subspecies griseifrons from “W Mexico (Nayarit to Jalisco, s Durango and w Zacatecas)” to “western Mexico (Durango, Sinaloa and Zacatecas south to Oaxaca, west of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies brunnitorques from “SE Mexico to w Bolivia” to “southeastern Mexico to Panama, and Andes from Colombia to Bolivia (but doubtfully distinct from nominate rutila, and distribution imperfectly known)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies rutila from “Venezuela to Guyana and Trinidad” to “Venezuela (Andes and coastal ranges) and Trinidad; distribution imperfectly known”.

 

page 187, Papuan Needletail  Mearnsia novaeguineae

Change the English name of Mearnsia novaeguineae from Papuan Needletail to Papuan Spinetailed Swift (Pratt and Beehler 2015).

Reference:

Pratt, T.K., and B.M. Beehler. 2015. Birds of New Guinea. Second edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 188, Band-rumped Swift  Chaetura spinicaudus

Revise the range description for subspecies aetherodroma from “E Panama to s Ecuador and extreme n Peru” to “central and eastern Panama to northwestern Colombia, south to southwestern Ecuador”.

 

page 187, Papuan Swiftlet  Aerodramus papuensis

Change the English name of Aerodramus papuensis from Papuan Swiftlet to Three-toed Swiftlet (Pratt and Beehler 2015).

Reference:

Pratt, T.K., and B.M. Beehler. 2015. Birds of New Guinea. Second edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 189, White-tipped Swift  Aeronautes montivagus

Revise the range description of subspecies tatei from “Tepuis of s Venezuela and extreme n Brazil” to “tepuis of southern Venezuela and extreme northern Brazil; sight records from Guyana and Suriname presumably also refer to this subspecies”.

 

page 206, Royal Sunangel  Heliangelus regalis

Formerly considered to be monotypic, Royal Sunangel now consists of two subspecies, nominate regalis, and johnsoni (Graves et al. 2011). Revise the range of nominate regalis from “Andes of n Peru (Cajamarca and San Martín)” to “very local in Andes of southeastern Ecuador (Zamora-Chinchipe) and of northern Peru (Cajamarca, Amazonas, and San Martín)” (Krabbe and Ahlman 2009, Freile et al. 2011, Graves et al. 2001).

Insert subspecies johnsoni immediately following nominate regalis, with range “local in central Peru (Cordillera Azul, southwestern Loreto)”.

References:

Freile, J.F., P. Piedrahita, G. Buitrón-Jurado, C.A. Rodríguez, O. Jadán, and E. Bonaccorso. 2011. Observations on the natural history of the Royal Sunangel (Heliangelus regalis) in the Nangaritza Valley, Ecuador. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 123: 85–92.

Graves, G.R., D.F. Lane, J.P. O’Neill, and T. Valqui. 2011. A distinctive new subspecies of the Royal Sunangel (Aves: Trochiliformes; Heliangelus regalis) from the Cordillera Azul, northern Peru. Zootaxa 3002: 52–58.

Krabbe, N., and F.L. Ahlman. 2009. Royal Sunangel Heliangelus regalis at Yankuam Lodge, Ecuador. Cotinga 31: 132.

 

page 208, Tyrian Metaltail  Metallura tyrianthina

Revise the range of subspecies districta from “Santa Marta Mountains (ne Colombia)” to “Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (northern Colombia) and the Serrania de Perija (Colombia/Venezuela)”.

 

page 205, Golden-bellied Starfrontlet  Coeligena bonapartei

Each of the two subspecies previously included in the polytypic group Golden-bellied Starfrontlet (Golden-bellied) Coeligena bonapartei bonapartei/consita now is recognized as a separate monotypic group: Golden-bellied Starfrontlet (Perija) Coeligena bonapartei consita and Golden-bellied Starfrontlet (Golden-bellied) Coeligena bonapartei bonapartei.

 

page 204, Magnificent Hummingbird  Eugenes fulgens

Change the name of the monotypic group Eugenes fulgens fulgens from Magnificent Hummingbird (Northern) to Magnificent Hummingbird (Rivoli’s).

Change the name of the monotypic group Eugenes fulgens spectabilis from Magnificent Hummingbird (Costa Rican) to Magnificent Hummingbird (Admirable).

 

page 197, Puerto Rican Emerald  Chlorostilbon maugaeus

Revise the range description from “Puerto Rico” to “Puerto Rico (primarily in montane forests)”.

 

page 197, Coppery Emerald  Chlorostilbon russatus

Revise the range description from “Highlands of ne Colombia and extreme nw Venezuela” to “northeastern Colombia (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta) and the Serranía de Perijá (ColombiaVenezuela)”.

 

page 197, Narrow-tailed Emerald  Chlorostilbon stenurus

Revise the range description for subspecies stenurus from “Andes of ne Colombia to nw Venezuela and ne Ecuador” to “Andes of northeastern Colombia and northwestern Venezuela”.

 

page 197, Short-tailed Emerald  Chlorostilbon poortmani

Revise the range description for subspecies euchloris from “Humid montane forests of central Colombia” to “Eastern Andes of Colombia (west slope from Santander to Huila, and east slope in Norte de Santander)”.

 

page 194, Violet Sabrewing  Campylopterus hemileucurus

Revise the range description for subspecies hemileucurus from “Patchily distributed highlands of s Mexico to s-c Nicaragua” to “southern Mexico south to north central Nicaragua”.

 

page 202, White-vented Plumeleteer  Chalybura buffonii

Revise the range description for the monotypic group White-vented Plumeleteer (Blue-bellied) Chalybura buffonii caeruleogaster from “E slope of Eastern Andes of se Colombia” to “eastern slope of the central Eastern Andes of Colombia”.

Revise the range description for the monotypic group White-vented Plumeleteer (Ecuadorian) Chalybura buffonii intermedia from “Subtropical sw Ecuador to nw Peru (San Martín)” to “subtropical southwestern Ecuador and northwestern Peru (Tumbes)”.

 

page 198, Crowned Woodnymph  Thalurania colombica

Change the scientific name of subspecies fannyi to fannyae (Dickinson and Remsen 2013). Change the scientific name of the group Crowned Woodnymph (Northern Green-crowned) from Thalurania colombica [fannyi Group] to Thalurania colombica [fannyae Group].

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 200, Buffy Hummingbird  Leucippus fallax

Revise the range description from “Coastal n Colombia, Venezuela, La Tortuga I. and Margarita I.” to “coastal northeastern Colombia, coastal Venezuela, La Tortuga Island, and Margarita Island”.

 

page 201, Steely-vented Hummingbird  Amazilia saucerrottei

Correct the spelling of the species name of Steely-vented Hummingbird from saucerrottei to saucerottei (Chesser et al. 2015; see also Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

References:

Chesser, R.T., R.C. Banks, K.J. Burns, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, A.G. Navarro-Sigüenza, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2015. Fifty-sixth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American birds. Auk 132: 748-764.

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 212, Narina Trogon  Apaloderma narina

Correct a typographic error in the range description for subspecies brachyurum: change “outheastern” to “southeastern”.

 

page 228, Green Woodhoopoe  Phoeniculus purpureus

Revise the range description for subspecies purpureus from “South Africa (Cape Province and Transkei)” to “South Africa (eastern Western Cape to southern and central Kwazulu-Natal)”.

 

pages 229-231, hornbills Bucerotidae

The sequence of genera and species of hornbills (Bucerotidae) is revised, based on Gonzalez et al. (2013a). The sequence of species that we adopt is as follows:

Red-billed Dwarf Hornbill  Lophoceros camurus

Crowned Hornbill  Lophoceros alboterminatus

Bradfield’s Hornbill  Lophoceros bradfieldi

African Pied Hornbill  Lophoceros fasciatus

Hemprich’s Hornbill  Lophoceros hemprichii

African Gray Hornbill  Lophoceros nasutus

Pale-billed Hornbill  Lophoceros pallidirostris

Eastern Yellow-billed Hornbill  Tockus flavirostris

Southern Yellow-billed Hornbill  Tockus leucomelas

Jackson’s Hornbill  Tockus jacksoni

Von der Decken’s Hornbill  Tockus deckeni

Monteiro’s Hornbill  Tockus monteiri

Southern Red-billed Hornbill  Tockus rufirostris

Damara Red-billed Hornbill  Tockus damarensis

Tanzanian Red-billed Hornbill  Tockus ruahae

Western Red-billed Hornbill  Tockus kempi

Northern Red-billed Hornbill  Tockus erythrorhynchus

White-crowned Hornbill  Berenicornis comatus

White-crested Hornbill  Horizocerus albocristatus

Black Dwarf Hornbill  Horizocerus hartlaubi

Black-casqued Hornbill  Ceratogymna atrata

Yellow-casqued Hornbill  Ceratogymna elata

Silvery-cheeked Hornbill  Bycanistes brevis

Black-and-white-casqued Hornbill  Bycanistes subcylindricus

Brown-cheeked Hornbill  Bycanistes cylindricus

White-thighed Hornbill  Bycanistes albotibialis

Trumpeter Hornbill  Bycanistes bucinator

Piping Hornbill  Bycanistes fistulator

Helmeted Hornbill  Buceros vigil

Rufous Hornbill  Buceros hydrocorax

Rhinoceros Hornbill  Buceros rhinoceros

Great Hornbill  Buceros bicornis

Bushy-crested Hornbill  Anorrhinus galeritus

Brown Hornbill  Anorrhinus austeni

Rusty-cheeked Hornbill  Anorrhinus tickelli

Indian Gray Hornbill  Ocyceros birostris

Malabar Gray Hornbill  Ocyceros griseus

Sri Lanka Gray Hornbill  Ocyceros gingalensis

Black Hornbill  Anthracoceros malayanus

Sulu Hornbill  Anthracoceros montani

Malabar Pied-Hornbill  Anthracoceros coronatus

Oriental Pied-Hornbill  Anthracoceros albirostris

Palawan Hornbill  Anthracoceros marchei

Rufous-necked Hornbill  Aceros nipalensis

Knobbed Hornbill  Rhyticeros cassidix

Sumba Hornbill  Rhyticeros everetti

Wreathed Hornbill  Rhyticeros undulatus

Plain-pouched Hornbill  Rhyticeros subruficollis

Narcondam Hornbill  Rhyticeros narcondami

Blyth’s Hornbill  Rhyticeros plicatus

Sulawesi Hornbill  Rhabdotorrhinus exarhatus

Wrinkled Hornbill  Rhabdotorrhinus corrugatus

Writhe-billed Hornbill  Rhabdotorrhinus waldeni

Writhed Hornbill  Rhabdotorrhinus leucocephalus

Visayan Hornbill  Penelopides panini

Luzon Hornbill  Penelopides manillae

Mindoro Hornbill  Penelopides mindorensis

Samar Hornbill  Penelopides samarensis

Mindanao Hornbill  Penelopides affinis

Reference:

Gonzalez, J.-C.T., B.C. Sheldon, N.J. Collar, and J.A. Tobias. 2013a. A comprehensive molecular phylogeny for the hornbills (Aves: Bucerotidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 67: 468–483.

 

page 229, Red-billed Dwarf Hornbill  Tockus camurus

page 229, Crowned Hornbill  Tockus alboterminatus

page 229, Bradfield’s Hornbill  Tockus bradfieldi

page 229, African Pied Hornbill  Tockus fasciatus

page 229, Hemprich’s Hornbill  Tockus hemprichii

page 229, African Gray Hornbill  Tockus nasutus

page 229, Pale-billed Hornbill  Tockus pallidirostris

The genus Tockus is not monophyletic, and the species of Tockus are partitioned among three genera (Gonzalez et al. 2013a).

Change the scientific name of Red-billed Dwarf Hornbill from Tockus camurus to Lophoceros camurus (Gonzalez et al. 2013b).

Change the scientific name of Bradfield’s Hornbill from Tockus bradfieldi to Lophoceros bradfieldi (Gonzalez et al. 2013b).

Change the scientific name of African Pied Hornbill from Tockus fasciatus to Lophoceros fasciatus (Gonzalez et al. 2013b).

Change the scientific name of Hemprich’s Hornbill from Tockus hemprichii to Lophoceros hemprichii (Gonzalez et al. 2013b).

Change the scientific name of African Gray Hornbill from Tockus nasutus to Lophoceros nasutus (Gonzalez et al. 2013b).

Change the scientific name of Pale-billed Hornbill from Tockus pallidirostris to Lophoceros pallidirostris (Gonzalez et al. 2013b).

References:

Gonzalez, J.-C.T., B.C. Sheldon, N.J. Collar, and J.A. Tobias. 2013a. A comprehensive molecular phylogeny for the hornbills (Aves: Bucerotidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 67: 468–483.

Gonzalez, J.-C.T., B.C. Sheldon, N.J. Collar, and J.A. Tobias. 2013b. Corrigendum to “A comprehensive molecular phylogeny for the hornbills (Aves: Bucerotidae)” [Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 67 (2013) 468-483]. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68: 715.

 

page 230, White-crowned Hornbill  Aceros comatus

The genus Aceros is not monophyletic, and species of Aceros are partitioned among four genera (Gonzalez et al. 2013a). Change the scientific name of White-crowned Hornbill from Aceros comatus to Berenicornis comatus.

Reference:

Gonzalez, J.-C.T., B.C. Sheldon, N.J. Collar, and J.A. Tobias. 2013a. A comprehensive molecular phylogeny for the hornbills (Aves: Bucerotidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 67: 468–483.

 

page 229, White-crested Hornbill  Tockus albocristatus

page 229, Black Dwarf Hornbill  Tockus hartlaubi

The genus Tockus is not monophyletic, and species of Tockus are partitioned among three genera (Gonzalez et al. 2013a).

Change the scientific name of White-crested Hornbill from Tockus albocristatus to Horizocerus albocristatus (Gonzalez et al. 2013b).

Change the scientific name of Black Dwarf Hornbill from Tockus hartlaubi to Horizocerus hartlaubi (Gonzalez et al. 2013b).

References:

Gonzalez, J.-C.T., B.C. Sheldon, N.J. Collar, and J.A. Tobias. 2013a. A comprehensive molecular phylogeny for the hornbills (Aves: Bucerotidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 67: 468–483.

Gonzalez, J.-C.T., B.C. Sheldon, N.J. Collar, and J.A. Tobias. 2013b. Corrigendum to “A comprehensive molecular phylogeny for the hornbills (Aves: Bucerotidae)” [Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 67 (2013) 468-483]. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68: 715.

 

page 231, Silvery-cheeked Hornbill  Ceratogymna brevis

page 231, Black-and-white-casqued Hornbill  Ceratogymna subcylindrica

page 231, Brown-cheeked Hornbill  Ceratogymna cylindrica

page 231, White-thighed Hornbill  Ceratogymna albotibialis

page 231, Trumpeter Hornbill  Ceratogymna bucinator

page 231, Piping Hornbill  Ceratogymna fistulator

The genus Ceratogymna is partitioned into two genera (Gonzalez et al. 2013a).

Change the scientific name of Silvery-cheeked Hornbill from Ceratogymna brevis to Bycanistes brevis.

Change the scientific name of Black-and-white-casqued Hornbill from Ceratogymna subcylindrica to Bycanistes subcylindricus. With the transfer of Black-and-white-casqued Hornbill from the genus Ceratogymna to Bycanistes, change the spelling of the nominate subspecies from subcylindrica to subcylindricus; and change the spelling of subspecies subquadrata to subquadrataus.

Change the scientific name of Brown-cheeked Hornbill from Ceratogymna cylindrica to Bycanistes cylindricus.

Change the scientific name of White-thighed Hornbill from Ceratogymna albotibialis to Bycanistes albotibialis.

Change the scientific name of Trumpeter Hornbill from Ceratogymna bucinator to Bycanistes bucinator.

Change the scientific name of Piping Hornbill from Ceratogymna fistulator to Bycanistes fistulator.

Reference:

Gonzalez, J.-C.T., B.C. Sheldon, N.J. Collar, and J.A. Tobias. 2013a. A comprehensive molecular phylogeny for the hornbills (Aves: Bucerotidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 67: 468–483.

 

page 231, Knobbed Hornbill  Aceros cassidix

page 231, Sumba Hornbill  Aceros everetti

page 231, Wreathed Hornbill  Aceros undulatus

page 231, Plain-pouched Hornbill  Aceros subruficollis

page 231, Narcondam Hornbill  Aceros narcondami

page 231, Blyth’s Hornbill  Aceros plicatus

The genus Aceros is not monophyletic, and species of Aceros are partitioned among four genera (Gonzalez et al. 2013a).

Change the scientific name of Knobbed Hornbill from Aceros cassidix to Rhyticeros cassidix.

Change the scientific name of Sumba Hornbill from Aceros everetti to Rhyticeros everetti.

Change the scientific name of Wreathed Hornbill from Aceros undulatus to Rhyticeros undulatus.

Change the scientific name of Plain-pouched Hornbill from Aceros subruficollis to Rhyticeros subruficollis.

Change the scientific name of Narcondam Hornbill from Aceros narcondami to Rhyticeros narcondami.

Change the scientific name of Blyth’s Hornbill from Aceros plicatus to Rhyticeros plicatus.

Reference:

Gonzalez, J.-C.T., B.C. Sheldon, N.J. Collar, and J.A. Tobias. 2013a. A comprehensive molecular phylogeny for the hornbills (Aves: Bucerotidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 67: 468–483.

 

page 230, Sulawesi Hornbill  Penelopides exarhatus

Sulawesi Hornbill properly belongs in the genus Rhabdotorrhinus (Gonzalez et al. 2013a, b). Change the scientific name of Sulawesi Hornbill from Penelopides exarhatus to Rhabdotorrhinus exarhatus.

References:

Gonzalez, J.-C.T., B.C. Sheldon, N.J. Collar, and J.A. Tobias. 2013a. A comprehensive molecular phylogeny for the hornbills (Aves: Bucerotidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 67: 468–483.

Gonzalez, J.-C.T., B.C. Sheldon, N.J. Collar, and J.A. Tobias. 2013b. Corrigendum to “A comprehensive molecular phylogeny for the hornbills (Aves: Bucerotidae)” [Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 67 (2013) 468-483]. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68: 715.

 

page 230, Wrinkled Hornbill  Aceros corrugatus

page 231, Writhe-billed Hornbill  Aceros waldeni

page 231,Writhed Hornbill  Aceros leucocephalus

The genus Aceros is not monophyletic, and species of Aceros are partitioned among four genera (Gonzalez et al. 2013a).

Change the scientific name of Wrinkled Hornbill from Aceros corrugatus to Rhabdotorrhinus corrugatus.

Change the scientific name of Writhe-billed Hornbill from Aceros waldeni to Rhabdotorrhinus waldeni.

Change the scientific name of Writhed Hornbill from Aceros leucocephalus to Rhabdotorrhinus leucocephalus.

Reference:

Gonzalez, J.-C.T., B.C. Sheldon, N.J. Collar, and J.A. Tobias. 2013a. A comprehensive molecular phylogeny for the hornbills (Aves: Bucerotidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 67: 468–483.

 

page 215, Common Kingfisher  Alcedo atthis

Correct the spelling of the scientific name of the group Common Kingfisher (Cobalt-eared) from Alcedo atthis hispidoides/solomonensis to Alcedo atthis hispidoides/salomonensis.

 

pages 220-221, kingfishers  genus Todiramphus

The sequence of Todiramphus kingfishers is revised, based largely on Andersen et al. (2015a). The sequence of species that we adopt is as follows:

Blue-black Kingfisher  Todiramphus nigrocyaneus

Rufous-lored Kingfisher  Todiramphus winchelli

Blue-and-white Kingfisher  Todiramphus diops

Lazuli Kingfisher  Todiramphus lazuli

Red-backed Kingfisher  Todiramphus pyrrhopygius

Forest Kingfisher  Todiramphus macleayii

New Britain Kingfisher  Todiramphus albonotatus

Ultramarine Kingfisher  Todiramphus leucopygius

Vanuatu Kingfisher  Todiramphus farquhari

Marquesas Kingfisher  Todiramphus godeffroyi

Mewing Kingfisher  Todiramphus ruficollaris

Society Kingfisher  Todiramphus veneratus

Niau Kingfisher  Todiramphus gertrudae

Mangareva Kingfisher  Todiramphus gambieri

Chattering Kingfisher  Todiramphus tutus

Pacific Kingfisher  Todiramphus sacer

Palau Kingfisher  Todiramphus pelewensis

Guam Kingfisher  Todiramphus cinnamominus

Pohnpei Kingfisher  Todiramphus reichenbachii

Flat-billed Kingfisher  Todiramphus recurvirostris

Colonist Kingfisher  Todiramphus colonus

Torresian Kingfisher  Todiramphus sordidus

Sacred Kingfisher  Todiramphus sanctus

Collared Kingfisher  Todiramphus chloris

Beach Kingfisher  Todiramphus saurophagus

Mariana Kingfisher  Todiramphus albicilla

Melanesian Kingfisher  Todiramphus tristrami

Sombre Kingfisher  Todiramphus funebris

Talaud Kingfisher  Todiramphus enigma

Cinnamon-banded Kingfisher  Todiramphus australasia

Reference:

Andersen, M.J., H.T. Shult, A. Cibois, J.-C. Thibault, C.E. Filardi, and R.G. Moyle. 2015a. Rapid diversification and secondary sympatry in Australo-Pacific kingfishers (Aves: Alcedinidae: Todiramphus). Royal Society Open Science 2: 140375.

 

page 220, Chestnut-bellied Kingfisher  Todiramphus farquhari

Change the English name of Todiramphus farquhari from Chestnut-bellied Kingfisher to Vanuatu Kingfisher (Dutson 2011).

Reference:

Dutson, G. 2011. Birds of Melanesia. The Bismarcks, Solomons, Vanuatu and New Caledonia. Christopher Helm, London.

 

page 221, Mangaia Kingfisher  Todiramphus ruficollaris

Change the English name of Todiramphus ruficollaris from Mangaia Kingfisher to Mewing Kingfisher (Andersen et al. 2015a).

Reference:

Andersen, M.J., H.T. Shult, A. Cibois, J.-C. Thibault, C.E. Filardi, and R.G. Moyle. 2015a. Rapid diversification and secondary sympatry in Australo-Pacific kingfishers (Aves: Alcedinidae: Todiramphus). Royal Society Open Science 2: 140375.

 

page 221, Tahiti Kingfisher  Todiramphus veneratus

Change the English name of Todiramphus veneratus from Tahiti Kingfisher to Society Kingfisher.

 

page 221, Collared Kingfisher  Todiramphus chloris

With the recognition of Pacific Kingfisher (Todiramphus sacer) as a separate species (see above, under SPECIES GAINS), then change the English and scientific names of these groups:

Collared Kingfisher (Vanuatu) Todiramphus chloris [juliae Group] to Pacific Kingfisher (Vanuatu) Todiramphus sacer [juliae Group]

Collared Kingfisher (South Pacific) Todiramphus chloris [sacer Group] to Pacific Kingfisher (South Pacific) Todiramphus sacer [sacer Group]

Collared Kingfisher (Solomon Is.) Todiramphus chloris [solomonis Group] to Pacific Kingfisher (Solomon Is.) Todiramphus sacer [solomonis Group]

 

page 221, Sacred Kingfisher  Todiramphus sanctus

With the recognition of transfer of several subspecies from (vitiensis, eximius, and regina) from Sacred Kingfisher to Pacific Kingfisher (Todiramphus sacer) (see above, under SPECIES GAINS), change the English and scientific names of the group Sacred Kingfisher (Fiji) Todiramphus sanctus [vitiensis Group] to Pacific Kingfisher (Fiji) Todiramphus sacer [vitiensis Group].

Revise the range description of subspecies vitiensis from “Fiji (Ngau, Ovalau, Koro, Viti Levu, Vanua Levu and Taveuni)” to “Fiji (Vanua Levu, Taveuni, Viti Levu, Ovalau, Koro, and Gau)”.

 

page 220, Micronesian Kingfisher  Todiramphus cinnamominus

Micronesian Kingfisher is split (see above, under SPECIES GAINS), and the scientific name Todiramphus cinnamominus now applies to Guam Kingfisher. Revise the range description for subspecies miyakoensis from “Known from one specimen from Miyako-Jima (Ryukyu Islands)” to “Known only one specimen, collected in 1887 and supposedly from Miyako-Jima (Ryukyu Islands). Very similar to nominate cinnamominus, and possibly a mis-labeled specimen from Guam. If a valid subspecies, then extinct”.

Revise the range description for nominate cinnamominus from “Formerly Guam (Mariana Is.). Extinct)” to “Formerly Guam (Mariana Is.). Extinct in the wild; small captive population”.

 

page 220, Collared Kingfisher  Todiramphus chloris

With the recognition of Melanesian Kingfisher (Todiramphus tristrami) as a separate species (see above, under SPECIES GAINS), change the English and scientific names of these groups:

Collared Kingfisher (St. Matthias Is.) Todiramphus chloris matthiae to Melanesian Kingfisher (St. Matthias Is.) Todiramphus tristrami matthiae.

Collared Kingfisher (Dampier Straits) Todiramphus chloris stresemanni to Melanesian Kingfisher (Dampier Straits) Todiramphus tristrami stresemanni.

Collared Kingfisher (New Ireland) Todiramphus chloris [nusae Group] to Melanesian Kingfisher (New Ireland) Todiramphus tristrami [nusae Group].

Collared Kingfisher (New Britain) Todiramphus chloris tristrami to Melanesian Kingfisher (New Britain) Todiramphus tristrami tristrami.

Collared Kingfisher (Bougainville-Guadalcanal) Todiramphus chloris alberti to Melanesian Kingfisher (Bougainville-Guadalcanal) Todiramphus tristrami alberti.

 

page 227, Dollarbird  Eurystomus orientalis

Change the scientific name for subspecies abundus to cyanocollis (Dickinson and Remsen 2013, with correction for the original spelling). Also, we follow Deignan (1950) in treating subspecies latouchei, with range “NE China”, as a junior synonym of cyanocollis; consequently the entry for latouchei is deleted.

Add two previously overlooked subspecies: laetior, with range “southwestern India (southern Western Ghats)”; and irisi, with range “Sri Lanka”. Insert subspecies laetior immediately following cyanicollis; and insert subspecies irisi immediately following laetior.

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 236, Hairy-breasted Barbet  Tricholaema hirsuta

Correct the spelling of the scientific name of the group Hairy-breasted Barbet (Streaky-throated) from Tricholaema hirsuta [flavipuncta Group] to Tricholaema hirsuta [flavipunctata Group].

 

page 238, Sooty Barbet  Calorhamphus hayii

Revise the range description for subspecies detersus from “S Burma and adjacent peninsular Thailand (s to Trang)” to “southern Myanmar and adjacent peninsular Thailand (south to Trang)”.

 

page 239, Blue-eared Barbet  Psilopogon duvaucelii

Revise the range description for subspecies cyanotis from “SE Nepal to Bangladesh, ne India, s China, Burma, Malay Pen.” to “southeastern Nepal to Bangladesh, northeastern India, southern China, Myanmar, and Malay Peninsula”.

 

page 238, Great Barbet  Psilopogon virens

Revise the range description for subspecies clamator from “NE Assam, n Burma, sw China (w Yunnan) and nw Thailand” to “northeastern India (northeastern Assam), northern Myanmar, southwestern China (western Yunnan), and northwestern Thailand”.

Revise the range description for subspecies virens from “C Burma and se China to n-c Thailand and n Vietnam” to “central Myanmar and southeastern China to north central Thailand and northern Vietnam”.

 

page 238, Red-crowned Barbet  Psilopogon rafflesii

Revise the range description from “S Burma and pen. Thailand Sumatra, Borneo, Bangka, Belitung” to “Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Bangka and Belitung Islands, and Borneo”.

 

page 238, Red-throated Barbet  Psilopogon mystacophanos

Revise the range description for subspecies mystacophanos from “S Burma, s pen. Thailand, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra and Borneo” to “southwestern Thailand, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, and Borneo”.

 

page 242, Collared Aracari  Pteroglossus torquatus

Revise the range description for the monotypic group Collared Aracari (Stripe-billed) Pteroglossus torquatus sanguineus from “eastern Panama and northern Colombia south to northwestern Ecuador (northern Esmerldas and adjacent Imbabura)” to “eastern Panama and northern Colombia south to northwestern Ecuador (northern Esmeraldas and adjacent Imbabura)”.

 

page 243, Black-mandibled Toucan  Ramphastos ambiguous

In accord with SACC (Proposal 663), change the English name of Ramphastos ambiguus from Black-mandibled Toucan to Yellow-throated Toucan. The name Black-mandibled Toucan still is in use by NACC; we assume that in time NACC will follow SACC in implementing this change.

Change the English and scientific names of the group Black-mandibled Toucan (Chestnut-mandibled) Ramphastos ambiguus swainsonii to Yellow-throated Toucan (Chestnut-mandibled) Ramphastos ambiguus swainsonii.

Change the English and scientific names of the group Black-mandibled Toucan (Black-mandibled) Ramphastos ambiguus ambiguus/abbreviatus to Yellow-throated Toucan (Black-mandibled) Ramphastos ambiguus ambiguus/abbreviatus.

 

page 254, Golden-green Woodpecker  Piculus chrysochloros

Revise the range description for the monotypic group Golden-green Woodpecker (Atlantic) Piculus chrysochloros polyzonus from “E Brazil (Espírito Santo and Rio de Janeiro)” to “eastern Brazil, from southern Bahia and eastern Minas Gerais to Espírito Santo and Rio de Janeiro (where perhaps now extinct)”.

 

page 259, Eurasian Green Woodpecker  Picus viridis

Revise the range description for subspecies viridis from “Britain south to France, Alps, n Yugoslavia and Romania” to “Britain south to France, Alps, the northern Balkans, and Romania”.

 

page 50, Eurasian Kestrel  Falco tinnunculus

Revise the range description for subspecies tinnunculus from “N Africa, Europe and Middle East to Siberia” to “breeds from Europe and north Africa east to Siberia, Bhutan, and western China; partially migratory, wintering south to central Africa, India, and southeastern Asia”.

 

page 51, American Kestrel  Falco sparverius

Change the English name of the group Falco sparverius paulus from American Kestrel (Southeastern) to American Kestrel (Southeastern). This revision is part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from sparveroides to sparverioides (Vigors 1827).

Correct the spelling of the scientific name of the group American Kestrel (South American): change Falco sparverius [cinnamonimus Group] to Falco sparverius [cinnamominus Group].

Revise the range description for subspecies brevipennis from “Netherlands Antilles (Aruba, Curaçao and Bonaire)” to “Aruba, Curaçao and Bonaire”.

 

page 53, Saker Falcon  Falco cherrug

Revise the range description from “NE Asia; winters to Iran, nw India, Tibet and central China” to “breeds southeastern Siberia, northern Mongolia and northern China south to western and central China; winters to Iran, northwestern India, Tibet, and central China”.

 

page 134, Red-breasted Pygmy-Parrot  Micropsitta bruijnii

Revise the range description for subspecies rosea from “Solomon Is. (Bougainville, Guadalcanal and Kulambangra)” to “Solomon Islands (Bougainville, Kolombangara, and Guadalcanal)”.

 

page 134, Finsch’s Pygmy-Parrot  Micropsitta finschii

Revise the range description for subspecies tristrami from “Vella Lavella, Kulambangra, Rendova and adj. Solomon Is.” to “Solomon Islands (Vella Lavella, Gizo, Koloambangara, New Georgia, Tetepare, and Vangunu)”.

 

page 135, Red Shining-Parrot  Prosopeia tabuensis

Revise the range description for subspecies taviunensis from “Fiji (Taveuni and Ngamea)” to “Fiji (Taveuni and Qamea)”.

 

page 135, Horned Parakeet  Eunymphicus cornutus

Revise the range description for the monotypic group Horned Parakeet (Ouvea) Eunymphicus cornutus uvaeensis from “Uvéa (Loyalty Islands). Population ±617 birds 1997” to “Loyalty Islands (Ouvéa)”.

 

page 135, Red- fronted Parakeet  Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae

Change the English name of Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae from Red-fronted Parakeet to Red-crowned Parakeet (Gill et al. 2010).

Reference:

Gill, B.J., B.D. Bell, C.K. Chambers, D.G. Medway, R.L. Palma, R.P. Scofield, A.J.D. Tennyson, and T.H. Worthy (Checklist Committee, Ornithological Society of New Zealand). 2010. Checklist of the birds of New Zealand. Te Papa Press and the Ornithological Society of New Zealand, Wellington, New Zealand.

 

page 135, Yellow-fronted Parakeet  Cyanoramphus auriceps

Change the English name of Cyanoramphus auriceps from Yellow-fronted Parakeet to Yellow-crowned Parakeet (Gill et al. 2010).

Reference:

Gill, B.J., B.D. Bell, C.K. Chambers, D.G. Medway, R.L. Palma, R.P. Scofield, A.J.D. Tennyson, and T.H. Worthy (Checklist Committee, Ornithological Society of New Zealand). 2010. Checklist of the birds of New Zealand. Te Papa Press and the Ornithological Society of New Zealand, Wellington, New Zealand.

 

page 136, Bluebonnet  Northiella haematogaster

With the recognition of the monotypic group Bluebonnet (Naretha) Northiella haematogaster narethae as a separate species, change the English name of Northiella haematogaster from Bluebonnet to Greater Bluebonnet; change the English name for the polytypic group Northiella haematogaster haematogaster/pallescens from Bluebonnet (Yellow-vented) to Greater Bluebonnet (Yellow-vented); and change the English name for the monotypic group Northiella haematogaster haematorrhous from Bluebonnet (Red-vented) to Greater Bluebonnet (Red-vented).

 

page 133, Meek’s Lorikeet  Charmosyna meeki

Revise the range description from “Solomon Islands (Bougainville, Kolombangra, New Georgia, Santa Isabel, Guadalcanal, and Malaita)” to “Solomon Islands (Bougainville, Kolombangara, New Georgia, Santa Isabel, Guadalcanal, and Malaita)”.

 

page 131, Red-and-blue Lory  Eos histrio

Revise the range description for subspecies talautensis from “Talaud Islands (Karakelang, Salibabu and Kabaruan)” to “Talaud Islands (Karakelong, Salebabu, and Kabaruang)”.

 

page 141, Gray Parrot  Psittacus erithacus

Subspecies princeps, with range “Príncipe I. (Gulf of Guinea)”, is resurrected, following Melo and O’Ryan (2007), and is included here in the group Gray Parrot (Timneh). Since this group no longer is monotypic, revise the scientific name of the group Gray Parrot (Timneh) from Psittacus erithacus timneh to Psittacus erithacus timneh/princeps.

Reference:

Melo, M., and C. O’Ryan. 2007. Genetic differentiation between Príncipe Island and mainland populations of the grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus), and implications for conservation. Molecular Ecology 16: 1673–1685.

 

page 149, Speckle-faced Parrot  Pionus tumultuosus

Revise the range description for the monotypic group Speckle-faced Parrot (White-capped) Pionus tumultuosus seniloides from “Andes of Colombia to nw Venezuela and extreme n Peru” to “Andes from northwestern Venezuela and Colombia south to northern Peru (south at least to La Libertad)”.

Revise the range description for the monotypic group Speckle-faced Parrot (Plum-crowned) Pionus tumultuosus tumultuosus from “Andes of Peru and w Bolivia” to “east slope of the Andes from central Peru (north at least to Huánuco) to central Bolivia (south to Santa Cruz)”.

 

page 147, Blue-winged Parrotlet  Forpus xanthopterygius

There has been considerable confusion in the past over the application of name xanthopterygius (see Whitney and Pacheco 1999 for a review), and earlier editions of the eBird/Clements Checklist compounded the issue by mixing up the names even further. Change the scientific name of the subspecies of Blue-winged Parrotlet that occurs in western Amazonia from xanthopterygius to crassirostris. The name xanthopterygius refers to populations in central South America (which we formerly called vididus), not to the birds in western Amazonia. Furthermore, Bocalini and Silveira (2015) suggest that crassirostris, flavescens, and flavissimus all are junior synonyms of xanthopterygius. Smith et al. (2013) found evidence that crassirostris was genetically distinct, so we continue to recognize it as a subspecies, but we merge flavescens and flavissimus into xanthopterygius. Revise the range of xanthopterygius to “Bolivia (and southeastern Peru?) east to northeastern Brazil, and south to Paraguay and northeastern Argentina”.

References:

Bocalini, F., and L.F. Silverira. 2015. Morphological variability and taxonomy of the Blue-winged Parrotlet Forpus xanthopterygius (Psittacidae). Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 23: 64-75.

Smith, B.T., C.C. Ribas, B.M. Whitney, B.E. Hernández-Baños, and J. Klicka. 2013. Identifying biases at different spatial and temporal scales of diversification: a case study in the Neotropical parrotlet genus Forpus. Molecular Ecology 22: 483-494.

Whitney, B.M., and J.F. Pacheco. 1999. The valid name for Blue-winged Parrotlet and designation of the lectotype of Psittaculus xanthopterygius Spix, 1824. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 119: 211-214.

 

page 145, Pearly Parakeet  Pyrrhura lepida

Revise the range description of subspecies lepida from “N-central Brazil (ne Pará and nw Maranhão)” to “N-central Brazil (ne Pará and nw Maranhão); this name may refer to intergrades between anerythra and coerulescens, rather than a valid taxon” (Somenzari and Silveira 2015).

Reference:

Somenzari, M., and L.F. Silveira. 2015. Taxonomy of the Pyrrhura perlata-coerulescens complex (Psittaciformes: Psittacidae) with description of a hybrid zone. Journal of Ornithology 156: 1049-1060.

 

page 145, Green-cheeked Parakeet  Pyrrhura molinae

Insert subspecies Pyrrhura molinae flavoptera Maijer et al. 1998 immediately following the entry for the species, Green-cheeked Parakeet (Pyrrhura molinae); the range of flavoptera is “western Bolivia (intermontane valleys in La Paz and Cochabamba)”.

Reference:

Maijer, S., S.K. Herzog, M. Kessler, M.T. Friggens, and J. Fjeldså. 1998. A distinctive new subspecies of the Green-cheeked Parakeet (Pyrrhura molinae, Psittacidae) from Bolivia. Ornitologia Neotropical 9: 185-191.

 

page 145, Painted Parakeet  Pyrrhura picta

Subspecies auricularis is synonymized with subspecies emma, following Joseph (2000). As a result, the group Painted Parakeet (Venezuelan) becomes monotypic; change the scientific name of this group from Pyrrhura picta emma/auricularis to Pyrrhura picta emma. Revise the range of emma from “Patchily distributed humid forests of coastal n Venezuela” to “coastal northern Venezuela”.

Reference:

Joseph, L. 2000. Beginning an end to 63 years of uncertainty: the Neotropical parakeets known as Pyrrhura picta and P. leucotis comprise more than two species. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 150: 279‐292.

 

page 144, Brown-throated Parakeet  Eupsittula pertinax

Revise the range description for subspecies arubensis from “Aruba (Netherlands Antilles)” to “Aruba”.

Revise the range description for subspecies pertinax from “Curaçao (Netherlands Antilles)” to “Curaçao”.

Revise the range description for subspecies xanthogenia from “Bonaire (Netherlands Antilles)” to “Bonaire”.

 

page 143, Blue-crowned Parakeet  Thectocercus acuticaudatus

Following the transfer of Blue-crowned Parakeet from Aratinga to Thectocercus, the scientific name for subspecies neoxena changes to neoxenus.

 

pages 347, 700, Bush Wren  Xenicus longipes

Revise the range description of subspecies stokesii from “North I. (New Zealand). Extinct 1949” to “formerly North Island (New Zealand). Extinct by 1949”.

Revise the range for subspecies longipes from “Montane forests of South I. (New Zealand). Probably extinct” to “formerly montane forests of South I. (New Zealand). Extinct by 1972”.

Revise the range for subspecies variabilis from “Small islands off Stewart I. (New Zealand). Probably extinct” to “formerly small islands off Stewart I. (New Zealand). Extinct by 1965”.

 

page 267, New Ireland Pitta  Erythropitta extima

Correct the species name of New Ireland Pitta from extima to the older name novaehibernicae.

 

page 266, Black-crowned Pitta  Erythropitta venusta

Change the English name of Erythropitta venusta from Black-crowned Pitta to Graceful Pitta (Inskipp et al. 1996).

Reference:

Inskipp, T., N. Lindsey, and W. Duckworth. 1996. An annotated checklist of the birds of the Oriental Region. Oriental Bird Club, Sandy, Bedfordshire, United Kingdom.

 

page 266, Black- headed Pitta  Erythropitta ussheri

Change the English name of Erythropitta ussheri from Black-headed Pitta to Black-crowned Pitta.

 

page 266, Blue Pitta  Hydrornis cyanea

Following the transfer of Blue Pitta from Pitta to Hydrornis, the species name changes from cyanea to cyaneus.

 

page 292, Streak-backed Antshrike  Thamnophilus insignis

Correct the name of subspecies nigrifrontalis to the correct original spelling, nigrofrontalis (Phelps and Phelps 1947: 153).

Reference:

Phelps, W.H., and W.H. Phelps, Jr. 1947. Ten new subspecies of birds from Venezuela. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 60: 149-164.

 

page 298, Dusky Antbird  Cercomacra tyrannina

page 298, Willis’s Antbird  Cercomacra laeta

page 298, Parker’s Antbird  Cercomacra parkeri

page 298, Blackish Antbird  Cercomacra nigrescens

page 298, Black Antbird  Cercomacra serva

page 298, Riparian Antbird  Cercomacra fuscicauda

The genus Cercomacra is polyphyletic; to resolve this conflict, Willis’s Antbird, Parker’s Antbird, Dusky Antbird, Black Antbird, Blackish Antbird, and Riparian Antbird all are transferred to the newly described genus Cercomacroides (SACC Proposal 638, following Tello et al. 2014). Cercomacroides is positioned immediately before Cercomacra, and the sequence of species within Cercomacroides is revised. The sequence of species that we adopt is as follows:

Willis’s Antbird  Cercomacroides laeta

Parker’s Antbird  Cercomacroides parkeri

Dusky Antbird  Cercomacroides tyrannina

Blackish Antbird  Cercomacroides nigrescens

Riparian Antbird  Cercomacroides fuscicauda

Reference:

Tello, J.G., M. Raposo, J.M. Bates, G.A. Bravo, C.D. Cadena, and M. Maldonado-Coelho. 2014. Reassessment of the systematics of the widespread Neotropical genus Cercomacra (Aves: Thamnophilidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 170: 546-565.

 

page 299, Black-faced Antbird  Myrmoborus myotherinus

Change the spelling of the subspecies name ochrolaema to ochrolaemus (Dickinson and Christidis 2014).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 303, Pale-faced Bare-eye  Phlegopsis borbae

Revise the range description from “S-cent. Amaz. Brazil (R. Tapajós to R. Madeira, s to R. Aripuña)” to “south central Amazonian Brazil (between the Madeira and Tapajós rivers, south to the Aripuaña River)”.

 

page 308, Chestnut-belted Gnateater  Conopophaga aurita

Correct a typo in the English name of the group Conopophaga aurita snethlageae/pallida, and change Chestnut-belted Gnateater (Snethage’s) to Chestnut-belted Gnateater (Snethlage’s).

 

page 307, Ochre-breasted Antpitta  Grallaricula flavirostris

Revise the range description of subspecies similis from “Subtropical Andes of e Peru” to “east slope of the Andes of northern and central Peru”.

Revise the range description of subspecies boliviana from “Andes of n Bolivia (La Paz and Cochabamba)” to “Andes of southeastern Peru and of Bolivia (La Paz and Cochabamba)”.

 

page 307, Rusty-breasted Antpitta  Grallaricula ferrugineipectus

Change the English name of the monotypic group Grallaricula ferrugineipectus rara from Rusty-breasted Antpitta (Pululahua) to Rusty-breasted Antpitta (rara). Revise the range of subspecies rara from “E Andes of Colombia and nw Venezuela (Sierra de Perijá)” to “eastern Andes of Colombia, and the Sierra de Perijá (Colombia/Venezuela border)”.

Change the English name of the monotypic group Grallaricula ferrugineipectus leymebambae from Rusty-breasted Antpitta (Tumbes) to Rusty-breasted Antpitta (Leimebamba). Revise the range of subspecies leymebambae from “west slope of the Andes of southwestern Ecuador (southern Loja) and northern Peru (Piura). East slope of the Andes from northern Peru (Amazonas south of the Marañón River) to northern Bolivia (La Paz)” to “local on west slope of the Andes of western Ecuador and northwestern Peru (Piura). East slope of the Andes from northern Peru (Amazonas south of the Marañón River) to northern Bolivia (La Paz)”.

 

page 310, Pale-bellied Tapaculo  Scytalopus griseicollis

Add a recently described subspecies, gilesi, with range “Andes of northern Colombia (Serranía de los Yariguíes, Santander)” (Donegan and Avendaño-C. 2008).

Add a recently described subspecies, morenoi, with range “northern Eastern Andes of Colombia (northern Santander and Norte de Santander) and Andes of Venezuela” (Avendaño and Donegan 2015).

Delete subspecies infasciatus, which now is considered to be a junior synomym of nominate griseicollis (Donegan and  Avendaño-C. 2008). Revise the range of griseicollis from “E Andes of Colombia (Cundinamarca and Boyacá)” to “central Eastern Andes of Colombia (Boyacá, Cundinamarca, and Meta)”.

Reference:

Donegan, T.M., and J.E. Avedaño-C. 2008. Notes on tapaculos (Passeriformes: Rhinocryptidae) of the eastern Andes of Colombia and the Venezuelan Andes, with a new subspecies of Scytalopus griseicollis from Colombia. Ornitología Colombiana 6: 24-65.

 

page 303, Black-faced Antthrush  Formicarius analis

With the recognition of a new group in Black-faced Antthrush (the polytypic group Black-faced Antthrush (Black-faced) Formicarius analis [analis Group]), change the scientific name of the group Black-faced Antthrush (Central American) from Formicarius analis [analis Group] to Formicarius analis [hoffmanni Group].

 

page 285, Cinnamon-throated Woodcreeper  Dendrexetastes rufigula

Correct the name of subspecies monileger to the correct original spelling, moniliger (Zimmer 1934: 2).

Reference:

Zimmer, J.T. 1934. Studies of Peruvian birds. XIII. The genera Dendrexetastes, Campyloramphus, and Dendrocincla. American Museum Novitates number 728.

 

page 286, Northern Barred-Woodcreeper  Dendrocolaptes sanctithomae

Correct the name of subspecies scheffleri to the correct original spelling, sheffleri (Binford 1965).

Reference:

Binford, L.C. 1965. Two new subspecies of birds from Oaxaca, Mexico. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science, Louisiana State University number 30.

 

page 287, Ocellated Woodcreeper  Xiphorhynchus ocellatus

Correct the spelling of the scientific name of the group Ocellated Woodcreeper (Ocellated) from Xiphorhynchus ocellatus ocellatus/perpluxus to Xiphorhynchus ocellatus ocellatus/perplexus.

 

page 287, Cocoa Woodcreeper  Xiphorhynchus susurrans

Change the spelling of the subspecies name nanus to nana (Dickinson and Christidis 2014)

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 286, Straight-billed Woodcreeper  Dendroplex picus

Correct the name of subspecies parguanae to the correct original spelling, paraguanae (Phelps and Phelps 1962: 201).

Change the spelling of the subspecies name phalara to phalarus (Dickinson and Christidis 2014).

References:

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

Phelps, W.H., and W.H. Phelps, Jr. 1962. Two new subspecies of birds from Venezuela, the rufous phase of Pauxi pauxi, and other notes. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 75: 199‐204.

 

page 269, Straight-billed Earthcreeper  Ochetorhynchus ruficaudus

Correct the spelling of subspecies name montana to montanus (Dickinson and Christidis 2014).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 280, Striped Woodhaunter  Automolus subulatus

Subspecies lemae belongs with the group Striped Woodhaunter (eastern South America), and not with the group Striped Woodhaunter (Central American) Automolus subulatus [virgatus Group]. Change the scientific name of the group Striped Woodhaunter (eastern South America) from Automolus subulatus subulatus to Automolus subulatus subulatus/lemae. Reposition the group Striped Woodhaunter (Central American) before the group Striped Woodhaunter (eastern South America), rather than after.

 

page 278, Double-banded Graytail  Xenerpestes minlosi

Revise the range description for subspecies umbraticus from “Pacific lowlands of Colombia” to “Pacific lowlands of Colombia and northwestern Ecuador” (Ridgely and Greenfield 2001).

Reference:

Ridgely, R.S., and P.J. Greenfield. 2001. The birds of Ecuador: status, distribution, and taxonomy. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York.

 

page 273, Slaty Spinetail  Synallaxis brachyura

Correct the subspecies name nigrofumosa to the correct original spelling, nigrifumosa (Lawrence

1865: 180, Dickinson and Christidis 2014).

References:

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

Lawrence, G.N. 1865. Catalogue of a collection of birds in the Museum of the Smithsonian Institution, made by Mr. H. E. Holland at Greytown, Nicaragua, with descriptions of new species. Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York 8: 178-184.

 

page 321, White-throated Tyrannulet  Mecocerculus leucophrys

Correct the name of subspecies rufomarginatis to the correct original spelling, rufomarginatus (Lawrence 1869: 266).

Lawrence, G.N. 1869. Characters of some new South American birds, with notes on other rare or little-known species. Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York 9: 265-275.

 

page 322, Unstreaked Tit-Tyrant  Uromyias agraphia

Change the spelling of the subspecies name squamigera to squamiger (Dickinson and Christidis 2014).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 319, Gray Elaenia  Myiopagis caniceps

Revise the range description for the monotypic group Gray Elaenia (Gray-headed) Myiopagis caniceps caniceps from “Tropical se Brazil to Paraguay, s Bolivia and n Argentina” to “southeastern Peru, northern Bolivia, and adjacent Brazil (undescribed subspecies, not true caniceps?); eastern and southern Bolivia south to northwestern Argentina and east to Paraguay, northeastern Argentina, and south central and eastern Brazil”.

 

page 319, Foothill Elaenia  Myiopagis olallai

Add a newly described subspecies, Myiopagis olallai incognita, with range “Serranía de Perijá, Venezuela” (Cuervo et al. 2014). We also recognize this subspecies as a new monotypic group, Foothill Elaenia (Perija).

Add a newly described subspecies, Myiopagis olallai coopmansi, with range “northern Central Andes of Colombia (Antioquia)” (Cuervo et al. 2014). We also recognize this subspecies as a new monotypic group, Foothill Elaenia (Antioquia).

With the recent description of two new subspecies of Foothill Elaenia, the species no longer is monotypic; we add an entry for the nominate subspecies, Myiopagis olallai olallai, and recognize this as a new monotypic group, Foothill Elaenia (Foothill). Revise the range description of this subspecies from “Disjunct in foothills on e slope of Andes of Ecuador and Peru” to “foothills on the east slope of the Andes of Ecuador and central Peru”.

Reference:

Cuervo, A.M., F.G. Stiles, M. Lentino, R.T. Brumfield, and E.P. Derryberry. 2014. Geographic variation and phylogenetic relationships of Myiopagis olallai (Aves: Passeriformes; Tyrannidae), with the description of two new taxa from the northern Andes. Zootaxa 3873: 1-24.

 

page 319, Caribbean Elaenia  Elaenia martinica

Revise the range description for subspecies remota from “Islands off e Mexico (Cozumel, Meco, Mujeres, Holbox)” to “islands off eastern Mexico (Cozumel, Meco, Mujeres, Holbox); the populations on cayes of Belize also may belong to this subspecies”.

Revise the range description for subspecies chinchorrensis from “Great Cay I. off Quintana Roo (e Mexico)” to “Great Cay I., Chinchorro Bank, off  Quintana Roo (eastern Mexico) and Half Moon Caye, Belize; the subspecfic identity of elaenias on other cayes off of Belize is not established, and the validity of the poorly known chinchorrensis is questioned by some” (Russell 1964).

Reference:

Russell, S.M. 1964. A distributional survey of the birds of British Honduras. Ornithological Monographs number 1. American Ornithologists’ Union.

 

page 320, Great Elaenia  Elaenia dayi

Revise the range description for subspecies tyleri from “Tepuis of s Venezuela (Duida, Huachamacare and Parú)” to “tepuis of southern Venezuela (Duida, Huachamacari, and Parú)”.

 

page 332, Handsome Flycatcher  Nephelomyias pulcher

Revise the range description of subspecies bellus from “Central and Eastern Andes of Colombia and ne Ecuador” to “central and eastern Andes of Colombia and northeastern Ecuador, also (local?) in southeastern Ecuador and northern Peru (Cajamarca)”.

 

pages 332-333, Black-tailed Flycatcher  Myiobius atricaudus

Revise the range description for the monotypic group Black-tailed Flycatcher (Buff-rumped) Myiobius atricaudus ridgwayi from “SE Brazil (Espírito Santa and s Minas Gerais to ne Paraná)” to “southeastern Brazil (Espírito Santo and eastern Minas Gerais to northeastern Paraná)”.

 

pages 335, Tropical Pewee  Contopus cinereus

Revise the range description for subspecies bogotensis from “N Colombia to n Venezuela and nw Brazil; Trinidad” to “Colombia, northern Venezuela, and Trinidad”.

Revise the range description for the monotypic group Tropical Pewee (Tumbes) Contopus cinereus punensis from “Andes of Ecuador and n Peru (s to Junín)” to “Andes of western Ecuador and western Peru (south to Ica)”.

 

pages 336, Vermilion Flycatcher  Pyrocephalus rubinus

Change the English name of the group Pyrocephalus rubinus [obscurus Group] from Vermilion Flycatcher (Vermilion) to Vermilion Flycatcher (obscurus Group).

Change the English name of the group Pyrocephalus rubinus rubinus from Vermilion Flycatcher (Southern) to Vermilion Flycatcher (rubinus).

This revisions re part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

pages 339, White-tailed Shrike-Tyrant  Agriornis albicauda

Change the name of subspecies andicola to pollens (Dickinson and Christidis 2014).

 

pages 345, Dull-capped Attila  Attila bolivianus

Revise the range description of subspecies Attila bolivianus nattereri from “Extreme se Colombia to ne Peru and w Amazonian Brazil” to “central Amazonian Peru (mostly south of the

Amazon) and southeastern Colombia east along both banks of the Amazon to eastern Brazil”.

Revise the range description of subspecies Attila bolivianus bolivianus from “Tropical sw Brazil

(Amazonas and Mato Grosso) and n Bolivia” to “southwestern Amazonia (southeastern Peru, southwestern Amazonian Brazil, and northern Bolivia)”.

 

page 345, Bright-rumped Attila  Attila spadiceus

Revise the range description for subspecies Attila spadiceus spadiceus from “E Colombia to the Guianas, ne Peru, n Bolivia, n Brazil; Trinidad” to “northern South America east of the Andes, from eastern Colombia east to Trinidad and the Guianas, and south to northern Bolivia and Amazonian Brazil”.

 

page 343, White-rumped Sirystes  Sirystes albocinereus

Revise the range description from “SE Colombia to e Ecuador, e Peru, n Bolivia and w Brazil” to “western Venezuela and eastern Colombia south to southwestern Brazil and northwestern Bolivia”.

 

page 343, Todd’s Sirystes  Sirystes subcanescens

Revise the range description from “S Suriname and ne Brazil” to “the Guianas and northeastern Brazil (north of the Amazon)”.

 

page 343, Sibilant Sirystes  Sirystes sibilator

Revise the range description for subspecies sibilator from “E Brazil (Goiás and Bahia) to e Paraguay and ne Argentina” to “eastern and southern Brazil, eastern Paraguay, and northeastern Argentina”.

 

page 343, Dusky-capped Flycatcher  Myiarchus tuberculifer

Revise the range description for subspecies platyrhynchus from “Cozumel I. (off Yucatán Peninsula of e Mexico)” to “breeds Cozumel I. (off Yucatán Peninsula of southeastern Mexico); winter range unknown” (Parkes 1982).

Revise the range description for subspecies manens from “SE Mexico (s Yucatán Peninsula)” to “southeastern Mexico (Yucatán Peninsula); intergrading in the southern part of its range with connectens” (Parkes 1982).

Reference:

Parkes, K.C. 1982. Parallel geographic variation in three Myiarchus flycatchers in the Yucatán Peninsula and adjacent regions (Aves: Tyrannidae). Annals of Carnegie Museum 51: 1-16.

 

page 344, Nutting’s Flycatcher  Myiarchus nuttingi

Nominate nuttingi properly belongs in a group with subspecies inquietus, not with subspecies flavidior. Change the names of the group Nutting’s Flycatcher (West Mexican) Myiarchus nuttingi inquietus to Nutting’s Flycatcher (Nutting’s) Myiarchus nuttingi nuttingi/inquietus; and change the names of the group Nutting’s Flycatcher (Southern) Myiarchus nuttingi nuttingi/flavidior to Nutting’s Flycatcher (flavidior) Myiarchus nuttingi flavidior.

 

page 344, Brown-crested Flycatcher  Myiarchus tyrannulus

Subspecies cozumelae and insularum, previously unassigned to any group, are added to the group Brown-crested Flycatcher (Texas). Consequently the scientific name for this group changes from Myiarchus tyrannulus cooperi to Myiarchus tyrannulus [cooperi Group]. Also, change the English name of this group to Brown-crested Flycatcher (Cooper’s].

Revise the range description of subspecies cozumelae from “Cozumel I. (off Yucatán Peninsula of e Mexico)” to “breeds Cozumel I. (off Yucatán Peninsula of southeastern Mexico); winter range unknown” (Parkes 1982).

Reference:

Parkes, K.C. 1982. Parallel geographic variation in three Myiarchus flycatchers in the Yucatán Peninsula and adjacent regions (Aves: Tyrannidae). Annals of Carnegie Museum 51: 1-16.

 

page 311, Green-and-black Fruiteater  Pipreola riefferii

The monotypic group Green-and-black Fruiteater (chachapoyas) Pipreola riefferii chachapoyas is dissolved, and this group is merged with the polytypic group Green-and-black Fruiteater (Green-and-black) Pipreola riefferii [riefferii Group]. Subspecies confusa is deleted as a synoym of chachapoyas, following O’Neill and Parker (1981). Revise the range of chachapoyas from “Subtropical Central Andes of n Peru (San Martín)” to “east slope of the Andes of Ecuador and northern Peru (south to La Libertad)”.

Change the English name of the monotypic group Pipreola riefferii tallmanorum from Green-and-black Fruiteater (tallmanorum) to Green-and-black Fruiteater (Sira).

Reference:

O’Neill, J.P., and T.A. Parker III. 1981. New subspecies of Pipreola riefferii and Chlorospingus ophthalmicus from Peru. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 101: 294-299.

 

page 318, Northern Schiffornis  Schiffornis veraepacis

Revise the range description for the monotypic group Northern Schiffornis (Ecuadorian) Schiffornis veraepacis rosenbergi from “Trop. w Colombia (Chocó to Nariño) and w Ecuador (s to Loja)” to “lowlands of western Colombia (north to Chocó) south to northwestern Peru (Tumbes)”.

 

page 523, White-throated Treecreeper  Cormobates leucophaea

Change the spelling of the subspecies name intermedius to intermedia (Dickinson and Christidis 2014).

Change the spelling of the subspecies name superciliosa to superciliosus (Dickinson and Christidis 2014).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 517, Eyrean Grasswren  Amytornis goyderi

Revise the range description from “Dunefields of Simpson-Strzelecki Deserts (central Australia)” to “dune fields of Simpson-Strzelecki Deserts (central Australia)”.

 

pages 522, 556-567, 583, Honeyeaters  Meliphagidae

Phylogenetic relationships within the large honeyeater radiation (Meliphagidae) have been studied extensively in recent years. We take this opportunity to revise the sequence of genera and species within Meliphagidae based on recent research, drawing primarily on Andersen et al. (2014) and Joseph et al. (2014), as well as earlier papers (e.g., Toon et al. 2010, Nyári and Joseph 2011). Many questions remain, both concerning the placement of a few poorly known genera, and also with regard to how some of the major branches of Honeyeaters are related to one another: further revisions no doubt will be called for.

The sequence of genera that we adopt is as follows:

Myza

Acanthorhynchus

Certhionyx

Pycnopygius

Prosthemadera

Anthornis

Oreornis

Meliphaga

Stomiopera

Purnella

Caligavis

Lichenostomus

Manorina

Melidectes

Bolemoreus

Acanthagenys

Anthochaera

Gavicalis

Ptilotula

Stresemannia

Ramsayornis

Conopophila

Ashbyia

Epthianura

Melipotes

Macgregoria

Melilestes

Timeliopsis

Sugomel

Vosea

Myzomela

Gliciphila

Glycichaera

Ptiloprora

Cissomela

Lichmera

Phylidonyris

Trichodere

Nesoptilotis

Entomyzon

Melithreptus

Meliarchus

Guadalcanaria

Meliphacator

Gymnomyza

Foulehaio

Xanthotis

Plectorhyncha

Grantiella

Melitograis

Philemon

References:

Andersen, M.J., A. Naikatini, and R.G. Moyle. 2014b. A molecular phylogeny of Pacific honeyeaters (Aves: Meliphagidae) reveals extenive paraphyly and an isolated Polynesian radiation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 71: 308-315.

Joseph, L., A. Toon, Á.S. Nyári, N.W. Longmore, K.M.C. Rowe, T. Haryoko, J. Trueman, and J.L. Gardner. 2014. A new synthesis of the molecular systematics and biogeography of honeyeaters (Passeriformes: Meliphagidae) highlights biogeographical and ecological complexity of a spectacular avian radiation. Zoologica Scripta 43: 235–248.

Nyári, Á.S., and L. Joseph. 2011. Systematic dismantlement of Lichenostomus improves the basis for understanding relationships within the honeyeaters (Meliphagidae) and the historical development of Australo-Papuan bird communities. Emu 111: 202-211.

Toon, A., J.M. Hughes, and L. Joseph. 2010. Multilocus analysis of honeyeaters (Aves: Meliphagidae) highlights spatio-temporal heterogeneity in the influence of biogeographic barriers in the Australian monsoonal zone. Molecular Ecology 19: 2980-2994.

 

page 561, Yellow Honeyeater  Lichenostomus flavus

The genus Lichenostomus is not monophyletic; most species of Lichenostomus are transferred to different genera, and are placed in new positions in Meliphagidae (Nyári and Joseph 2011, Joseph et al. 2014). Change the scientific name of Yellow Honeyeater from Lichenostomus flavus to Stomiopera flava.

With the transfer of Yellow Honeyeater from the genus Lichenostomus to Stomiopera, change a subspecies name from flavus to flava, and change a subspecies name from addendus to addenda.

References:

Joseph, L., A. Toon, Á.S. Nyári, N.W. Longmore, K.M.C. Rowe, T. Haryoko, J. Trueman, and J.L. Gardner. 2014. A new synthesis of the molecular systematics and biogeography of honeyeaters (Passeriformes: Meliphagidae) highlights biogeographical and ecological complexity of a spectacular avian radiation. Zoologica Scripta 43: 235–248.

Nyári, Á.S., and L. Joseph. 2011. Systematic dismantlement of Lichenostomus improves the basis for understanding relationships within the honeyeaters (Meliphagidae) and the historical development of Australo-Papuan bird communities. Emu 111: 202-211.

 

page 561, White-gaped Honeyeater  Lichenostomus unicolor

The genus Lichenostomus is not monophyletic; most species of Lichenostomus are transferred to different genera, and are placed in new positions in Meliphagidae (Nyári and Joseph 2011, Joseph et al. 2014). Change the scientific name of White-gaped Honeyeater from Lichenostomus unicolor to Stomiopera unicolor.

References:

Joseph, L., A. Toon, Á.S. Nyári, N.W. Longmore, K.M.C. Rowe, T. Haryoko, J. Trueman, and J.L. Gardner. 2014. A new synthesis of the molecular systematics and biogeography of honeyeaters (Passeriformes: Meliphagidae) highlights biogeographical and ecological complexity of a spectacular avian radiation. Zoologica Scripta 43: 235–248.

Nyári, Á.S., and L. Joseph. 2011. Systematic dismantlement of Lichenostomus improves the basis for understanding relationships within the honeyeaters (Meliphagidae) and the historical development of Australo-Papuan bird communities. Emu 111: 202-211.

 

page 560, Yellow-faced Honeyeater  Lichenostomus chrysops

The genus Lichenostomus is not monophyletic; most species of Lichenostomus are transferred to different genera, and are placed in new positions in Meliphagidae (Nyári and Joseph 2011, Joseph et al. 2014). Change the scientific name of Yellow-faced Honeyeater from Lichenostomus chrysops to Caligavis chrysops.

References:

Joseph, L., A. Toon, Á.S. Nyári, N.W. Longmore, K.M.C. Rowe, T. Haryoko, J. Trueman, and J.L. Gardner. 2014. A new synthesis of the molecular systematics and biogeography of honeyeaters (Passeriformes: Meliphagidae) highlights biogeographical and ecological complexity of a spectacular avian radiation. Zoologica Scripta 43: 235–248.

Nyári, Á.S., and L. Joseph. 2011. Systematic dismantlement of Lichenostomus improves the basis for understanding relationships within the honeyeaters (Meliphagidae) and the historical development of Australo-Papuan bird communities. Emu 111: 202-211.

 

page 560, Black-throated Honeyeater  Lichenostomus subfrenatus

The genus Lichenostomus is not monophyletic; most species of Lichenostomus are transferred to different genera, and are placed in new positions in Meliphagidae (Nyári and Joseph 2011, Joseph et al. 2014). Change the scientific name of Black-throated Honeyeater from Lichenostomus subfrenatus to Caligavis subfrenata.

With the transfer of Black-throated Honeyeater from the genus Lichenostomus to Caligavis, change a subspecies name from subfrenatus to subfrenata, and change a subspecies name from melanolaemus to melanolaema.

References:

Joseph, L., A. Toon, Á.S. Nyári, N.W. Longmore, K.M.C. Rowe, T. Haryoko, J. Trueman, and J.L. Gardner. 2014. A new synthesis of the molecular systematics and biogeography of honeyeaters (Passeriformes: Meliphagidae) highlights biogeographical and ecological complexity of a spectacular avian radiation. Zoologica Scripta 43: 235–248.

Nyári, Á.S., and L. Joseph. 2011. Systematic dismantlement of Lichenostomus improves the basis for understanding relationships within the honeyeaters (Meliphagidae) and the historical development of Australo-Papuan bird communities. Emu 111: 202-211.

 

page 560, Obscure Honeyeater  Lichenostomus obscurus

The genus Lichenostomus is not monophyletic; most species of Lichenostomus are transferred to different genera, and are placed in new positions in Meliphagidae (Nyári and Joseph 2011, Joseph et al. 2014). Change the scientific name of Obscure Honeyeater from Lichenostomus obscurus to Caligavis obscura.

With the transfer of Obscure Honeyeater from the genus Lichenostomus to Caligavis, change a subspecies name from obscurus to obscura.

References:

Joseph, L., A. Toon, Á.S. Nyári, N.W. Longmore, K.M.C. Rowe, T. Haryoko, J. Trueman, and J.L. Gardner. 2014. A new synthesis of the molecular systematics and biogeography of honeyeaters (Passeriformes: Meliphagidae) highlights biogeographical and ecological complexity of a spectacular avian radiation. Zoologica Scripta 43: 235–248.

Nyári, Á.S., and L. Joseph. 2011. Systematic dismantlement of Lichenostomus improves the basis for understanding relationships within the honeyeaters (Meliphagidae) and the historical development of Australo-Papuan bird communities. Emu 111: 202-211.

 

page 560, Bridled Honeyeater  Lichenostomus frenatus

The genus Lichenostomus is not monophyletic; most species of Lichenostomus are transferred to different genera, and are placed in new positions in Meliphagidae (Nyári and Joseph 2011, Joseph 2014). Change the scientific name of Bridled Honeyeater from Lichenostomus frenatus to Bolemoreus frenatus.

References:

Joseph, L., A. Toon, Á.S. Nyári, N.W. Longmore, K.M.C. Rowe, T. Haryoko, J. Trueman, and J.L. Gardner. 2014. A new synthesis of the molecular systematics and biogeography of honeyeaters (Passeriformes: Meliphagidae) highlights biogeographical and ecological complexity of a spectacular avian radiation. Zoologica Scripta 43: 235–248.

Nyári, Á.S., and L. Joseph. 2011. Systematic dismantlement of Lichenostomus improves the basis for understanding relationships within the honeyeaters (Meliphagidae) and the historical development of Australo-Papuan bird communities. Emu 111: 202-211.

 

page 560, Eungella Honeyeater  Lichenostomus hindwoodi

The genus Lichenostomus is not monophyletic; most species of Lichenostomus are transferred to different genera, and are placed in new positions in Meliphagidae (Nyári and Joseph 2011, Joseph et al. 2014). Change the scientific name of Eungella Honeyeater from Lichenostomus hindwoodi to Bolemoreus hindwoodi.

References:

Joseph, L., A. Toon, Á.S. Nyári, N.W. Longmore, K.M.C. Rowe, T. Haryoko, J. Trueman, and J.L. Gardner. 2014. A new synthesis of the molecular systematics and biogeography of honeyeaters (Passeriformes: Meliphagidae) highlights biogeographical and ecological complexity of a spectacular avian radiation. Zoologica Scripta 43: 235–248.

Nyári, Á.S., and L. Joseph. 2011. Systematic dismantlement of Lichenostomus improves the basis for understanding relationships within the honeyeaters (Meliphagidae) and the historical development of Australo-Papuan bird communities. Emu 111: 202-211.

 

page 561, Varied Honeyeater  Lichenostomus versicolor

The genus Lichenostomus is not monophyletic; most species of Lichenostomus are transferred to different genera, and are placed in new positions in Meliphagidae (Nyári and Joseph 2011, Joseph et al. 2014). Change the scientific name of Varied Honeyeater from Lichenostomus versicolor to Gavicalis versicolor.

References:

Joseph, L., A. Toon, Á.S. Nyári, N.W. Longmore, K.M.C. Rowe, T. Haryoko, J. Trueman, and J.L. Gardner. 2014. A new synthesis of the molecular systematics and biogeography of honeyeaters (Passeriformes: Meliphagidae) highlights biogeographical and ecological complexity of a spectacular avian radiation. Zoologica Scripta 43: 235–248.

Nyári, Á.S., and L. Joseph. 2011. Systematic dismantlement of Lichenostomus improves the basis for understanding relationships within the honeyeaters (Meliphagidae) and the historical development of Australo-Papuan bird communities. Emu 111: 202-211.

 

page 561, Mangrove Honeyeater  Lichenostomus fasciogularis

The genus Lichenostomus is not monophyletic; most species of Lichenostomus are transferred to different genera, and are placed in new positions in Meliphagidae (Nyári and Joseph 2011, Joseph et al. 2014). Change the scientific name of Varied Honeyeater from Lichenostomus versicolor to Gavicalis versicolor.

References:

Joseph, L., A. Toon, Á.S. Nyári, N.W. Longmore, K.M.C. Rowe, T. Haryoko, J. Trueman, and J.L. Gardner. 2014. A new synthesis of the molecular systematics and biogeography of honeyeaters (Passeriformes: Meliphagidae) highlights biogeographical and ecological complexity of a spectacular avian radiation. Zoologica Scripta 43: 235–248.

Nyári, Á.S., and L. Joseph. 2011. Systematic dismantlement of Lichenostomus improves the basis for understanding relationships within the honeyeaters (Meliphagidae) and the historical development of Australo-Papuan bird communities. Emu 111: 202-211.

 

page 561, Singing Honeyeater  Lichenostomus virescens

The genus Lichenostomus is not monophyletic; most species of Lichenostomus are transferred to different genera, and are placed in new positions in Meliphagidae (Nyári and Joseph 2011, Joseph et al. 2014). Change the scientific name of Singing Honeyeater from Lichenostomus virescens to Gavicalis virescens.

References:

Joseph, L., A. Toon, Á.S. Nyári, N.W. Longmore, K.M.C. Rowe, T. Haryoko, J. Trueman, and J.L. Gardner. 2014. A new synthesis of the molecular systematics and biogeography of honeyeaters (Passeriformes: Meliphagidae) highlights biogeographical and ecological complexity of a spectacular avian radiation. Zoologica Scripta 43: 235–248.

Nyári, Á.S., and L. Joseph. 2011. Systematic dismantlement of Lichenostomus improves the basis for understanding relationships within the honeyeaters (Meliphagidae) and the historical development of Australo-Papuan bird communities. Emu 111: 202-211.

 

page 561, Yellow-plumed Honeyeater  Lichenostomus ornatus

The genus Lichenostomus is not monophyletic; most species of Lichenostomus are transferred to different genera, and are placed in new positions in Meliphagidae (Nyári and Joseph 2011, Joseph et al. 2014). Change the scientific name of Yellow-plumed Honeyeater from Lichenostomus ornatus to Ptilotula ornata.

References:

Joseph, L., A. Toon, Á.S. Nyári, N.W. Longmore, K.M.C. Rowe, T. Haryoko, J. Trueman, and J.L. Gardner. 2014. A new synthesis of the molecular systematics and biogeography of honeyeaters (Passeriformes: Meliphagidae) highlights biogeographical and ecological complexity of a spectacular avian radiation. Zoologica Scripta 43: 235–248.

Nyári, Á.S., and L. Joseph. 2011. Systematic dismantlement of Lichenostomus improves the basis for understanding relationships within the honeyeaters (Meliphagidae) and the historical

development of Australo-Papuan bird communities. Emu 111: 202-211.

 

page 561, White-plumed Honeyeater  Lichenostomus penicillatus

The genus Lichenostomus is not monophyletic; most species of Lichenostomus are transferred to different genera, and are placed in new positions in Meliphagidae (Nyári and Joseph 2011, Joseph et al. 2014). Change the scientific name of White-plumed Honeyeater from Lichenostomus penicillatus to Ptilotula penicillata.

With the transfer of White-plumed Honeyeater from the genus Lichenostomus to Ptilotula, change a subspecies name from penicillatus to penicillata.

References:

Joseph, L., A. Toon, Á.S. Nyári, N.W. Longmore, K.M.C. Rowe, T. Haryoko, J. Trueman, and J.L. Gardner. 2014. A new synthesis of the molecular systematics and biogeography of honeyeaters (Passeriformes: Meliphagidae) highlights biogeographical and ecological complexity of a spectacular avian radiation. Zoologica Scripta 43: 235–248.

Nyári, Á.S., and L. Joseph. 2011. Systematic dismantlement of Lichenostomus improves the basis for understanding relationships within the honeyeaters (Meliphagidae) and the historical development of Australo-Papuan bird communities. Emu 111: 202-211.

 

page 561, Yellow-tinted Honeyeater  Lichenostomus flavescens

The genus Lichenostomus is not monophyletic; most species of Lichenostomus are transferred to different genera, and are placed in new positions in Meliphagidae (Nyári and Joseph 2011, Joseph et al. 2014). Change the scientific name of Yellow-tinted Honeyeater from Lichenostomus flavescens to Ptilotula flavescens.

References:

Joseph, L., A. Toon, Á.S. Nyári, N.W. Longmore, K.M.C. Rowe, T. Haryoko, J. Trueman, and J.L. Gardner. 2014. A new synthesis of the molecular systematics and biogeography of honeyeaters (Passeriformes: Meliphagidae) highlights biogeographical and ecological complexity of a spectacular avian radiation. Zoologica Scripta 43: 235–248.

Nyári, Á.S., and L. Joseph. 2011. Systematic dismantlement of Lichenostomus improves the basis for understanding relationships within the honeyeaters (Meliphagidae) and the historical development of Australo-Papuan bird communities. Emu 111: 202-211.

 

page 561, Fuscous Honeyeater  Lichenostomus fuscus

The genus Lichenostomus is not monophyletic; most species of Lichenostomus are transferred to different genera, and are placed in new positions in Meliphagidae (Nyári and Joseph 2011, Joseph et al. 2014). Change the scientific name of Fuscous Honeyeater from Lichenostomus fuscus to Ptilotula fusca.

With the transfer of Fuscous Honeyeater from the genus Lichenostomus to Ptilotula, change a subspecies name from subgermanus to subgermana; and change a subspecies name from fuscus to fusca.

References:

Joseph, L., A. Toon, Á.S. Nyári, N.W. Longmore, K.M.C. Rowe, T. Haryoko, J. Trueman, and J.L. Gardner. 2014. A new synthesis of the molecular systematics and biogeography of honeyeaters (Passeriformes: Meliphagidae) highlights biogeographical and ecological complexity of a spectacular avian radiation. Zoologica Scripta 43: 235–248.

Nyári, Á.S., and L. Joseph. 2011. Systematic dismantlement of Lichenostomus improves the basis for understanding relationships within the honeyeaters (Meliphagidae) and the historical development of Australo-Papuan bird communities. Emu 111: 202-211.

 

page 561, Gray-headed Honeyeater  Lichenostomus keartlandi

The genus Lichenostomus is not monophyletic; most species of Lichenostomus are transferred to different genera, and are placed in new positions in Meliphagidae (Nyári and Joseph 2011, Joseph et al. 2014). Change the scientific name of Gray-headed Honeyeater from Lichenostomus keartlandi to Ptilotula keartlandi.

References:

Joseph, L., A. Toon, Á.S. Nyári, N.W. Longmore, K.M.C. Rowe, T. Haryoko, J. Trueman, and J.L. Gardner. 2014. A new synthesis of the molecular systematics and biogeography of honeyeaters (Passeriformes: Meliphagidae) highlights biogeographical and ecological complexity of a spectacular avian radiation. Zoologica Scripta 43: 235–248.

Nyári, Á.S., and L. Joseph. 2011. Systematic dismantlement of Lichenostomus improves the basis for understanding relationships within the honeyeaters (Meliphagidae) and the historical development of Australo-Papuan bird communities. Emu 111: 202-211.

 

page 561, Gray-fronted Honeyeater  Lichenostomus plumulus

The genus Lichenostomus is not monophyletic; most species of Lichenostomus are transferred to different genera, and are placed in new positions in Meliphagidae (Nyári and Joseph 2011, Joseph et al. 2014). Change the scientific name of Gray-fronted Honeyeater from Lichenostomus plumulus to Ptilotula plumula.

With the transfer of Gray-fronted Honeyeater from the genus Lichenostomus to Ptilotula, change a subspecies name from plumulus to plumula.

References:

Joseph, L., A. Toon, Á.S. Nyári, N.W. Longmore, K.M.C. Rowe, T. Haryoko, J. Trueman, and J.L. Gardner. 2014. A new synthesis of the molecular systematics and biogeography of honeyeaters (Passeriformes: Meliphagidae) highlights biogeographical and ecological complexity of a spectacular avian radiation. Zoologica Scripta 43: 235–248.

Nyári, Á.S., and L. Joseph. 2011. Systematic dismantlement of Lichenostomus improves the basis for understanding relationships within the honeyeaters (Meliphagidae) and the historical development of Australo-Papuan bird communities. Emu 111: 202-211.

 

page 557, Red-throated Myzomela  Myzomela eques

Change the English name of Myzomela eques from Red-throated Myzomela to Ruby-throated Myzomela (Pratt and Beehler 2015).

Reference:

Pratt, T.K., and B.M. Beehler. 2015. Birds of New Guinea. Second edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 557, Black Myzomela  Myzomela nigrita

Change the English name of Myzomela nigrita from Black Myzomela to Papuan Black Myzomela (Pratt and Beehler 2015).

Reference:

Pratt, T.K., and B.M. Beehler. 2015. Birds of New Guinea. Second edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 558, Mountain Myzomela  Myzomela adolphinae

Change the English name of Myzomela adolphinae from Mountain Myzomela to Elfin Myzomela (Pratt and Beehler 2015).

Reference:

Pratt, T.K., and B.M. Beehler. 2015. Birds of New Guinea. Second edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 558, Cardinal Myzomela  Myzomela cardinalis

Correct the name of subspecies santaecrucis to the correct original spelling, sanctaecrucis (Sarasin 1913: 75).

Reference:

Sarasin, F. 1913. Die Vögel Neu-Caledoniens und der Loyalty-Inseln. Nova Caledonia. Zoologie volume 1, part 1. C.W. Kreidels Verlag, Wiesbaden.

 

page 559, Scarlet-bibbed Myzomela  Myzomela sclateri

Change the English name of Myzomela sclateri from Scarlet-bibbed Myzomela to Sclater’s Myzomela (Pratt and Beehler 2015).

Reference:

Pratt, T.K., and B.M. Beehler. 2015. Birds of New Guinea. Second edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 559, Ebony Myzomela  Myzomela pammelaena

Change the English name of Myzomela pammelaena from Ebony Myzomela to Bismarck Black Myzomela (Dutson 2011).

Subspecies ernstmayri, hades, ramsayi, and nigerrima, which we formerly classified as subspecies of Papuan Black Myzomela (Myzomela nigrita), properly belong as subspecies of Bismarck Black Myzomela (Myzomela pammelaena) (Diamond 1976).

References:

Diamond, J.M. 1976. Preliminary results of an ornithological exploration of the islands of Vitiaz and Dampier Straits, Papau New Guinea. Emu 76: 1-7.

Dutson, G. 2011. Birds of Melanesia. The Bismarcks, Solomons, Vanuatu and New Caledonia. Christopher Helm, London.

 

page 559, Yellow-vented Myzomela  Myzomela eichhorni

Revise the range description for subspecies eichhorni from “New Georgia, Rendova, Vangunu and Kulambangra islands” to “Solomon Islands (Kolombangara, New Georgia, Rendova, and Vangunu)”.

 

page 566, New Hebrides Honeyeater  Gliciphila notabilis

Change the English name of Gliciphila notabilis from New Hebrides Honeyeater to Vanuatu Honeyeater (Dutson 2011).

Reference:

Dutson, G. 2011. Birds of Melanesia. The Bismarcks, Solomons, Vanuatu and New Caledonia. Christopher Helm, London

 

page 564, Olive-streaked Honeyeater  Ptiloprora meekiana

Change the English name of Ptiloprora meekiana from Olive-streaked Honeyeater to Yellow-streaked Honeyeater (Pratt and Beehler 2015).

Reference:

Pratt, T.K., and B.M. Beehler. 2015. Birds of New Guinea. Second edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 564, Black-backed Honeyeater  Ptiloprora perstriata

Change the English name of Ptiloprora perstriata from Black-backed Honeyeater to Gray-streaked Honeyeater (Pratt and Beehler 2015).

Reference:

Pratt, T.K., and B.M. Beehler. 2015. Birds of New Guinea. Second edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 557, Dark-brown Honeyeater  Lichmera incana

Revise the range description for subspecies poliotis from “Loyalty Is. (Beautemps, Beaupré, Uvéa and Lifou)” to “Loyalty Islands (Beautemps, Beaupré, Ouvéa, and Lifou)”.

 

page 561, White-eared Honeyeater  Lichenostomus leucotis

The genus Lichenostomus is not monophyletic; most species of Lichenostomus are transferred to different genera, and are placed in new positions in Meliphagidae (Nyári and Joseph 2011, Joseph et al. 2014). Change the scientific name of White-eared Honeyeater from Lichenostomus leucotis to Nesoptilotis leucotis.

Merge subspecies thomasi into nominate leucotis. Revise the range description of subspecies leucotis from “SE Australia (se Qld. to s Victoria and se South Australia)” to “Queensland south to southeastern South Australia, Kangaroo Island, and southern Victoria” (Dolman and Joseph 2015).

Revise the range description of subspecies novaenorciae from “Cent. Queensland se South Australia and sw Western Australia” to “southwestern Western Australia to southern South Australia” (Dolman and Joseph 2015).

References:

Dolman, G., and L. Joseph. 2015. Evolutionary history of birds across southern Australia: structure, history and taxonomic implications of mitochondrial DNA diversity in an ecologically diverse suite of species. Emu 115: 35-48.

Joseph, L., A. Toon, Á.S. Nyári, N.W. Longmore, K.M.C. Rowe, T. Haryoko, J. Trueman, and J.L. Gardner. 2014. A new synthesis of the molecular systematics and biogeography of honeyeaters (Passeriformes: Meliphagidae) highlights biogeographical and ecological complexity of a spectacular avian radiation. Zoologica Scripta 43: 235–248.

Nyári, Á.S., and L. Joseph. 2011. Systematic dismantlement of Lichenostomus improves the basis for understanding relationships within the honeyeaters (Meliphagidae) and the historical development of Australo-Papuan bird communities. Emu 111: 202-211.

 

page 561, Yellow-throated Honeyeater  Lichenostomus flavicollis

The genus Lichenostomus is not monophyletic; most species of Lichenostomus are transferred to different genera, and are placed in new positions in Meliphagidae (Nyári and Joseph 2011, Joseph et al. 2014). Change the scientific name of Yellow-throated Honeyeater from Lichenostomus flavicollis to Nesoptilotis flavicollis.

References:

Joseph, L., A. Toon, Á.S. Nyári, N.W. Longmore, K.M.C. Rowe, T. Haryoko, J. Trueman, and J.L. Gardner. 2014. A new synthesis of the molecular systematics and biogeography of honeyeaters (Passeriformes: Meliphagidae) highlights biogeographical and ecological complexity of a spectacular avian radiation. Zoologica Scripta 43: 235–248.

Nyári, Á.S., and L. Joseph. 2011. Systematic dismantlement of Lichenostomus improves the basis for understanding relationships within the honeyeaters (Meliphagidae) and the historical development of Australo-Papuan bird communities. Emu 111: 202-211.

 

page 565, Makira Melidectes  Meliarchus sclateri

Change the English name of Meliarchus sclateri from Makira Melidectes to Makira Honeyeater (Dutson 2011).

Reference:

Dutson, G. 2011. Birds of Melanesia. The Bismarcks, Solomons, Vanuatu and New Caledonia. Christopher Helm, London.

 

page 562, Kadavu Honeyeater  Xanthotis provocator

Kadavu Honeyeater clearly does not belong in the genus Xanthotis (Andersen et al. 2014). Provisionally we place this species in the genus Meliphacator (Mayr 1932, Dickinson and Christidis 2014). Change the scientific name of Kadavu Honeyeater from Xanthotis provocator to Meliphacator provocator.

References:

Andersen, M.J., A. Naikatini, and R.G. Moyle. 2014. A molecular phylogeny of Pacific honeyeaters (Aves: Meliphagidae) reveals extenive paraphyly and an isolated Polynesian radiation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution71: 308-315.

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

Mayr, E. 1932. Birds collected during the Whitney South Sea Expedition, XVIII. Notes on Meliphagidae from Polynesia and the Solomon Islands. American Museum Novitates number 516.

 

page 561, Tawny-breasted Honeyeater  Xanthotis flaviventer

Correct the name of subspecies meyeri to the correct original spelling, meyerii (Salvadori 1876: 947).

Reference:

Salvadori, T. 1876. Descrizione di cinquantotto nuove specie di uccelli, ed osservazioni intorno ad altre poco note, della Nuova Guinea e di altre Isole Papuane, raccolte dal Dr. Odoardo Beccari e dai cacciatori del Sig. A. A. Bruijn. Annali del Museo civico di storia naturale di Genova 7: 896-976.

 

page 562, Spotted Honeyeater  Xanthotis polygrammus

Correct the name of subspecies keuhni to the correct original spelling, kuehni (Hartert 1930: 49).

Reference:

Hartert, E. 1930. List of the birds collected by Ernst Mayr. Novitates Zoologicae 36: 27-128.

 

page 563, Brass’s Friarbird  Philemon brassi

Revise the range description from “Unreported since 1940 discovery in nw New Guinea” to “northwestern New Guinea”.

 

page 563, Helmeted Friarbird  Philemon buceroides

Change the spelling of the subspecies name ammitophila to ammitophilus (Dickinson and Christidis 2014).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

pages 518-519, Papuan Scrubwren  Sericornis papuensis

Change the spelling of the subspecies name burgersi to buergersi (Dickinson 2003, Dickinson and Christidis 2014), in accordance with the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (Article 32.5.2.1).

References:

Dickinson, E.C. (editor). 2003. The Howard and Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Third edition. Princeton University Press, New Jersey.

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 519, Scrubtit  Acanthornis magna

Change the spelling of the subspecies name greenianus to greeniana (Dickinson 2003, Dickinson and Christidis 2014).

References:

Dickinson, E.C. (editor). 2003. The Howard and Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Third edition. Princeton University Press, New Jersey.

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 520, Mountain Gerygone  Gerygone cinerea

Mountain Gerygone (Gerygone cinerea) is a member of Acanthiza, not Gerygone (Nyári and Joseph 2012). Reposition this species to immediately follow Yellow Thornbill (Acanthiza nana). Change the English name from Mountain Gerygone to Gray Thornbill (Pratt and Beehler 2015).

References:

Nyári, Á.S., and L. Joseph. 2012. Evolution in Australasian mangrove forests: multilocus phylogenetic analysis of the Gerygone warblers (Aves: Acanthizidae). PLoS ONE 7(2): e31840.

Pratt, T.K., and B.M. Beehler. 2015. Birds of New Guinea. Second edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 572, Fan-tailed Gerygone  Gerygone flavolateralis

Revise the range description for subspecies rouxi from “Uvéa (Loyalty Islands)” to “Loyalty Islands (Ouvéa)”.

 

page 511, New Guinea Babbler  Pomatostomus isidorei

Change the English name of Pomatostomus isidorei from New Guinea Babbler to Papuan Babbler (Pratt and Beehler 2015).

Reference:

Pratt, T.K., and B.M. Beehler. 2015. Birds of New Guinea. Second edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 513, Northern Logrunner  Orthonyx novaeguineae

Change the English name of Orthonyx novaeguineae from Northern Logrunner to Papuan Logrunner (Pratt and Beehler 2015).

Reference:

Pratt, T.K., and B.M. Beehler. 2015. Birds of New Guinea. Second edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 582, Loria’s Satinbird  Cnemophilus loriae

Change the spelling of the subspecies name amethystina to amethystinus (Dickinson and Christidis 2014).

Change the spelling of the subspecies name inexpectata to inexpectatus (Dickinson and Christidis 2014).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 544, Lemon-breasted Berrypecker  Melanocharis longicauda

Change the English name of Melanocharis longicauda from Lemon-breasted Berrypecker to Mid-mountain Berrypecker (Pratt and Beehler 2015).

Reference:

Pratt, T.K., and B.M. Beehler. 2015. Birds of New Guinea. Second edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 580, South Island Kokako  Callaeas cinereus

Revise the range description for South Island Kokako from “Formerly South I. and (?) Stewart I. (New Zealand)” to “formerly South Island, New Zealand; apparently extinct, last confirmed sighting 1967”.

 

page 580, North Island Saddleback  Philesturnus rufusater

Revise the range description for North Island Saddleback from “Hen and adjacent North Islands (New Zealand)” to “formerly widespread on North Island (New Zealand); by 1950s confined to Hen Island, now introduced to and has colonzied additional outlying islands”.

 

page 580, South Island Saddleback  Philesturnus carunculatus

Revise the range of South Island Saddleback from “South Cape Islands (New Zealand)” to “formerly widespread on South Island (New Zealand); by 1950s confined to South Cape Islands, now intruduced to additional outlying islands”.

 

page 468, Bioko Batis  Batis poensis

Change the English name of Batis poensis from Fernando Po Batis to Bioko Batis (Sinclair and Ryan 2010).

Reference:

Sinclair, I., and P. Ryan. 2010. Birds of Africa south of the Sahara. Second edition. Struik Nature, Cape Town.

 

page 576, Large Woodshrike  Tephrodornis gularis

Change the scientific name of Large Woodshrike from Tephrodornis gularis to Tephrodornis virgatus (Dickinson and Decker 2002).

Change the spelling of the subspecies name vernayi to verneyi (Dickinson and Christidis 2014).

Change a subspecies name from gularis to virgatus (Dickinson and Decker 2002).

References:

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

Dickinson, E.C., and R.W.R.J. Decker. 2002. A preliminary review of the Campephagidae. Zoologische Verhandeligen 340: 7-30.

 

page 435, Common Newtonia  Newtonia brunneicauda

Revise the range description for subspecies monticola from “Central Madagascar (Mt. Ankarata)” to “central Madagascar (Ankaratra massif)”.

 

page 574, Fuelleborn’s Boubou  Laniarius fuelleborni

Correct the English name of the monotypic group Laniarius fuelleborni usambaricus from Fuelleborn’s Boubou (Usumbara) to Fuelleborn’s Boubou (Usambara).

 

page 582, Australasian Magpie  Gymnorhina tibicen

Change the English name of Gymnorhina tibicen from Australasian Magpie to Australian Magpie (Christidis and Boles 2008).

Change the English name of the monotypic group Gymnorhina tibicen papuana from Australasian Magpie (Papuan) to Australian Magpie (Papuan).

Change the English name of the polytypic group Gymnorhina tibicen [tibicen Group] from Australasian Magpie (Black-backed) to Australian Magpie (Black-backed).

Change the English name of the monotypic group Gymnorhina tibicen dorsalis from Australasian Magpie (Western) to Australian Magpie (Western).

Change the English name of the polytypic group Gymnorhina tibicen telonocua/tyrannica from Australasian Magpie (White-backed) to Australian Magpie (White-backed).

Change the English name of the monotypic group Gymnorhina tibicen hypoleuca from Australasian Magpie (Tasmanian) to Australian Magpie (Tasmanian).

Reference:

Christidis, L. and W.E. Boles. 2008. Systematics and taxonomy of Australian birds. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne.

 

page 374, Orange Minivet  Pericrocotus flammeus

Revise the range description from “Peninsular India and Sri Lanka” to “western peninsular India (southeastern Gujarat south through the Western Ghats, and southwestern Eastern Ghats in Tamil Nadu) and Sri Lanka”.

 

page 370, Hooded Cuckooshrike  Coracina longicauda

Revise the range description for subspecies grisea from “Jayawaijaya Mts. (c New Guinea)” to “central New Guinea (Jayawijaya Mountains)”.

 

page 369, Barred Cuckooshrike  Coracina lineata

Revise the range description for subspecies ombriosa from “Solomon Is. (Kulambangra, New Georgia Group and Rendova)” to “Solomon Is. (Kolombangara, New Georgia Group and Rendova)”.

 

page 368, North Melanesian Cuckooshrike  Coracina welchmani

Revise the range description for subspecies kulambangrae from “Kulambangra (Solomon Islands)” to “Solomon Islands (Kolombangara)”.

 

page 373, Polynesian Triller  Lalage maculosa

Correct a typographic error, and revise the range description for subspecies mixta from “Oavlau and adjacent Fiji Is. to “Fiji (Ovalau and adjacent islands)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies vauana from “Vava’u Group (Fiji)” to “Tonga (Vava’u Group)”.

 

page 372, Pied Triller  Lalage nigra

Change the name of subspecies nigra to striga, and change the name of subspecies chilensis to nigra. Some previous authors (e.g. Peters et al. 1960: 197) considered Singapore to be the type locality for the nominate subspecies, hence this name was used for the subspecies with range “Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Java and offshore islands”. Stresemann (1952), however, suggested that Manila was the correct type locality. Therefore the name nigra now is applied to the subspecies with range “Borneo and Philippine Islands”, and what we previously called nigra takes the next available name, striga.

References:

Peters, J.L., E. Mayr, and H.G. Deignan. 1960. Family Campephagidae. Pages 167-221 in E. Mayr and J.C. Greenway, Jr. (editors), Check-list of birds of the world. Volume IX.  Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Stresemann, E. 1952. On the birds collected by Pierre Poivre in Canton, Manila, India and Madagascar (1751-1756). Ibis 94: 499-523

 

page 372, Solomons Cuckooshrike  Edolisoma holopolium

Revise the range description for subspecies pygmaeum from “Solomon Islands (Kulambangra and Vangunu)” to “Solomon Islands (Kolombangara and Vangunu)”.

 

page 487, Little Shrike-Thrush  Colluricincla megarhyncha

page 486, Sooty Shrike-Thrush  Colluricincla tenebrosa

page 487, Sandstone Shrike-Thrush  Colluricincla woodwardi

page 487, Gray Shrike-Thrush  Colluricincla harmonica

page 487, Bower’s Shrike-Thrush  Colluricincla boweri

Change the group name for Colluricincla from “Shrike-Thrush” to “shrikethrush”. Change the English name of Colluricincla megarhyncha from Rufous Shrike-Thrush to Little Shrikethrush, following Christidis and Boles (2008).

Change the English name of the polytypic group Colluricincla megarhyncha [megarhyncha Group] from Rufous Shrike-Thrush (Rufous) to Little Shrikethrush (Rufous), following Christidis and Boles (2008).

Change the English name of the monotypic group Colluricincla megarhyncha parvula from Rufous Shrike-Thrush (Little) to Little Shrikethrush (Little), following Christidis and Boles (2008).

Change the English name of Colluricincla tenebrosa from Sooty Shrike-Thrush to Sooty Shrikethrush.

Change the English name of Colluricincla woodwardi from Sandstone Shrike-Thrush to Sandstone Shrikethrush.

Change the English name of Colluricincla harmonica from Gray Shrike-Thrush to Gray Shrikethrush.

Change the English name of Colluricincla boweri from Bower’s Shrike-Thrush to Bower’s Shrikethrush.

Reference:

Christidis, L. and W.E. Boles. 2008. Systematics and taxonomy of Australian birds. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne.

 

page 485, Fiji Whistler  Pachycephala vitiensis

Revise the range description for subspecies vitiensis from “Ngau (Fiji)” to “Fiji (Gau)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies ambigua from “Fiji (Rambi and Kioa)” to “Fiji (Rabi and Kioa)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies optata from “Fiji (Ovalu and se Viti Levu)” to “Fiji (southeastern Viti Levu and Ovalau)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies aurantiiventris from “Fiji (Yanganga and Vanua Levu)” to “Fiji (Yaqaga and Vanua Levu)”.

 

page 486, White-bellied Whistler  Pachycephala leucogastra

page 486, Black-headed Whistler  Pachycephala monacha

Previously we recognized a monotypic Black-headed Whistler, with range “Mountains of central New Guinea and Aru Islands”. Subspecies dorsalis (for which some sources use the name lugubris) (Pratt and Beehler 2015), which previously we classified as a subspecies of White-bellied Whistler, properly belongs with Black-headed Whistler. With the addition of dorsalis to Black-headed Whistler, this species no longer is monotypic. Add a nominate subspecies monacha, with range “Aru Islands” (Mayr 1967).

References:

Mayr, E. 1967. Subfamily Pachycephalinae, whistlers or thickheads. Pages 3-51 in R.A. Paynter, Jr. (editor), Check-list of birds of the world. Volume XII. Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Pratt, T.K., and B.M. Beehler. 2015. Birds of New Guinea. Second edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 483, Mottled Whistler  Rhagologus leucostigma

Change the English name of Rhagologus leucostigma from Mottled Whistler to Mottled Berryhunter (Pratt and Beehler 2015).

Reference:

Pratt, T.K., and B.M. Beehler. 2015. Birds of New Guinea. Second edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 488, Crested Pitohui  Ornorectes cristatus

Change the English name of Ornorectes cristatus from Crested Pitohui to Piping Bellbird (Pratt and Beehler 2015).

Reference:

Pratt, T.K., and B.M. Beehler. 2015. Birds of New Guinea. Second edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 621, Thick-billed Vireo  Vireo crassirostris

Revise the range description for subspecies cubensis from “Cayo Paredón Grande in Sabana-Camegüey Arch. off n Cuba” to “Cayo Paredón Grande (Sabana-Camagüey Archipelago), off the northern coast of Cuba”.

 

page 622, Hutton’s Vireo  Vireo huttoni

Revise the range description for subspecies carolinae from “Chisos Mountains (Texas) to ne Mexico (sw Tamaulipas)” to “western and central Texas (east to the Hill Country, which it colonized in the 1990s) and northeastern Mexico”.

 

page 622, Choco Vireo  Vireo masteri

Revise the range description from “Rainforests of Pacific slope of Western Andes of Colombia” to “local on the Pacific slope of Colombia (Risaralda, Nariño) and northwestern Ecuador (Esmeraldas, Pichincha)” (Jahn et al. 2007).

Reference:

Jahn, O., B. Palacios, and P.M. Valenzuela. 2007. Ecology, population and conservation status of the Choco Vireo Vireo masteri, a species new to Ecuador. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 127: 161-166.

 

page 624, Tepui Greenlet  Hylophilus sclateri

Phylogenetic analysis of DNA sequence data reveals that Tepui Greenlet belongs in the genus Vireo (Slager et al. 2014). In accord with SACC (Proposal 655), change the English name to Tepui Vireo, the scientific name to Vireo sclateri, and reposition Tepui Vireo to immediately follow Choco Vireo (Vireo masteri).

Reference:

Slager, D.L., C.J. Battey, R.W. Bryson, Jr., G. Voelker, and J. Klicka. 2014. A multilocus phylogeny of a major New World avian radiation: the Vireonidae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 80: 95-104.

.

page 622, Warbling Vireo  Vireo gilvus

Subspecies leucopolius, with range “Great Basin of e Washington to se California and sw Utah”, is merged with nominate swainsoni (Phillips 1991). Revise the range description for swainsoni from “SE Alaska to nw Baja; winters to El Salvador” to “breeds from southeastern Alaska to northern Montana, and along Pacific coast to northern Baja California Norte; winters in western Mexico” (Phillips 1991).

Subspecies connectens is merged with subspecies brewsteri (Phillips 1991). Revise the range description for brewsteri from “Sierra Madre Occidental of nw Mexico (s Sonora to Nayarit)” to “breeds from Montana and southern Idado east to western South Dakota, south to western Texas and south central Mexico (Oaxaca); winters in south central Mexico” (Phillips 1991).

Add a previously overlooked subspecies, sympatricus Phillips 1991, with range “resident in south central Mexico (Puebla)”. Insert subspecies sympatricus immediately following Vireo gilvus brewsteri.

Reference:

Phillips, A.R. 1991. The known birds of North and Middle America. Part II. Bombycillidae; Sylviidae to Sturnidae; Vireonidae. Privately published, Denver, Colorado.

 

page 623, Black-whiskered Vireo  Vireo altiloquus

Revise the range description for subspecies bonairensis from “Netherlands Antilles (Aruba, Curaçao and Bonaire); Margarita I.” to “Aruba, Curaçao, Bonaire, and Isla Margarita”.

 

page 624, greenlets  genus Hylophilus

In accord with SACC (Proposal 656), greenlets are partitioned into three genera, and the sequence of species in greenlets is revised. The sequence for greenlets that we adopt is as follows:

Rufous-crowned Greenlet Hylophilus poicilotis

Gray-eyed Greenlet Hylophilus amaurocephalus

Lemon-chested Greenlet Hylophilus thoracicus

Gray-chested Greenlet Hylophilus semicinereus

Ashy-headed Greenlet Hylophilus pectoralis

Brown-headed Greenlet Hylophilus brunneiceps

Scrub Greenlet Hylophilus flavipes

Olivaceous Greenlet Hylophilus olivaceus

Tawny-crowned Greenlet Tunchiornis ochraceiceps

Rufous-naped Greenlet Pachysylvia semibrunnea

Golden-fronted Greenlet Pachysylvia aurantiifrons

Dusky-capped Greenlet Pachysylvia hypoxantha

Buff-cheeked Greenlet Pachysylvia muscicapina

Lesser Greenlet Pachysylvia decurtata

 

page 624, Tawny-crowned Greenlet  Hylophilus ochraceiceps

In accord with SACC (Proposal 656, based on Slager et al. 2014), Tawny-crowned Greenlet is removed from the genus Hylophilus, and placed in the newly described monotypic genus Tunchiornis (Slager and Klicka 2014). Note that this change has not yet been adopted by NACC, but we anticipate that NACC also will adopt this nomenclature.

Change the scientific name of the polytpic group Tawny-crowned Greenlet (Tawny-crowned) from Hylophilus ochraceiceps [ochraceiceps Group] to Tunchiornis ochraceiceps [ochraceiceps Group].

Change the scientific name of the polytypic group Tawny-crowned Greenlet (Red-fronted) from Hylophilus ochraceiceps rubrifrons/lutescens to Tunchiornis ochraceiceps rubrifrons/lutescens.

References:

Slager, D.L., and J. Klicka. 2014. Polyphyly of Hylophilus and a new genus for the Tawny-crowned Greenlet (Aves: Passeriformes: Vireonidae). Zootaxa 3884: 194-196.

Slager, D.L., C.J. Battey, R.W. Bryson, Jr., G. Voelker, and J. Klicka. 2014. A multilocus phylogeny of a major New World avian radiation: the Vireonidae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 80: 95-104.

 

page 624, Rufous-naped Greenlet  Hylophilus semibrunneus

In accord with SACC (Proposal 656, based on Slager et al. 2014 and Slager and Klicka 2014), Rufous-naped Greenlet is removed from the genus Hylophilus, and is placed in Pachysylvia. Change the scientific name of Rufous-naped Greenlet from Hylophilus semibrunneus to Pachysylvia semibrunnea.

References:

Slager, D.L., and J. Klicka. 2014. Polyphyly of Hylophilus and a new genus for the Tawny-crowned Greenlet (Aves: Passeriformes: Vireonidae). Zootaxa 3884: 194-196.

Slager, D.L., C.J. Battey, R.W. Bryson, Jr., G. Voelker, and J. Klicka. 2014. A multilocus phylogeny of a major New World avian radiation: the Vireonidae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 80: 95-104.

 

page 624, Golden-fronted Greenlet  Hylophilus aurantiifrons

In accord with SACC (Proposal 656, based on Slager et al. 2014 and Slager and Klicka 2014), Golden-fronted Greenlet is removed from the genus Hylophilus, and is placed in Pachysylvia. Change the scientific name of Golden-fronted Greenlet from Hylophilus aurantiifrons to Pachysylvia aurantiifrons.

Change the subspecies name helvinus to helvina; and change the subspecies name saturatus to saturata.

References:

Slager, D.L., and J. Klicka. 2014. Polyphyly of Hylophilus and a new genus for the Tawny-crowned Greenlet (Aves: Passeriformes: Vireonidae). Zootaxa 3884: 194-196.

Slager, D.L., C.J. Battey, R.W. Bryson, Jr., G. Voelker, and J. Klicka. 2014. A multilocus phylogeny of a major New World avian radiation: the Vireonidae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 80: 95-104.

 

page 624, Dusky-capped Greenlet  Hylophilus hypoxanthus

In accord with SACC (Proposal 656, based on Slager et al. 2014 and Slager and Klicka 2014), Dusky-capped Greenlet is removed from the genus Hylophilus, and is placed in Pachysylvia. Change the scientific name of Dusky-capped Greenlet from Hylophilus hypoxanthus to Pachysylvia hypoxantha.

Change the subspecies name hypoxanthus to hypoxantha; change the subspecies name ictericus to icterica; and change the subspecies name inornatus to inornata.

References:

Slager, D.L., and J. Klicka. 2014. Polyphyly of Hylophilus and a new genus for the Tawny-crowned Greenlet (Aves: Passeriformes: Vireonidae). Zootaxa 3884: 194-196.

Slager, D.L., C.J. Battey, R.W. Bryson, Jr., G. Voelker, and J. Klicka. 2014. A multilocus

phylogeny of a major New World avian radiation: the Vireonidae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 80: 95-104.

 

page 624, Buff-cheeked Greenlet  Hylophilus muscicapinus

In accord with SACC (Proposal 656, based on Slager et al. 2014 and Slager and Klicka 2014), Buff-cheeked Greenlet is removed from the genus Hylophilus, and is placed in Pachysylvia. Change the scientific name of Buff-cheeked Greenlet from Hylophilus muscicapinus to Pachysylvia muscicapina.

Change the subspecies name muscicapinus to muscicapina.

References:

Slager, D.L., and J. Klicka. 2014. Polyphyly of Hylophilus and a new genus for the Tawny-crowned Greenlet (Aves: Passeriformes: Vireonidae). Zootaxa 3884: 194-196.

Slager, D.L., C.J. Battey, R.W. Bryson, Jr., G. Voelker, and J. Klicka. 2014. A multilocus phylogeny of a major New World avian radiation: the Vireonidae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 80: 95-104.

 

page 624, Lesser Greenlet  Hylophilus decurtatus

In accord with SACC (Proposal 656, based on Slager et al. 2014 and Slager and Klicka 2014), Lesser Greenlet is removed from the genus Hylophilus, and is placed in Pachysylvia. Change the scientific name of Lesser Greenlet from Hylophilus decurtatus to Pachysylvia decurata.

Change the scientific name of the polytypic group Lesser Greenlet (Northern) from Hylophilus decurtatus decurtatus/darienensis to Pachysylvia decurtata decurtata/darienensis.

Change the subspecies name decurtatus to decurtata.

References:

Slager, D.L., and J. Klicka. 2014. Polyphyly of Hylophilus and a new genus for the Tawny-crowned Greenlet (Aves: Passeriformes: Vireonidae). Zootaxa 3884: 194-196.

Slager, D.L., C.J. Battey, R.W. Bryson, Jr., G. Voelker, and J. Klicka. 2014. A multilocus phylogeny of a major New World avian radiation: the Vireonidae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 80: 95-104.

 

page 568, Philippine Oriole  Oriolus steerii

Previously (e.g. Dickinson et al. 1991), the type of steerii was believed to have come from Basilan. Dickinson and Kennedy (2000), however, concluded that the type of steerii came from Negros. Consequently, change the scientific name of the subspecies with range “S Philippines (Basilan and w Mindanao)” from steerii to the next available name, basilanicus; and change the scientific name of the subspecies with range “Philippines (Masbate and Negros)” from nigrostriatus to steerii.

References:

Dickinson, E.C. (editor). 2003. The Howard and Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Third edition. Princeton University Press, New Jersey.

Dickinson, E.C., and R.S. Kennedy. 2000. Systematic notes on Asian birds. 6. A re-examination of the application of the name Oriolus steerii Sharpe, 1877. Zoologische Verhandeligen 331: 127-130.

 

page 568, Black-naped Oriole  Oriolus chinensis

Subspecies invisus properly belongs with Slender-billed Oriole Oriolus tenuirostris, and not under Black-naped Oriole (Vaurie 1959).

Reference:

Vaurie, C. 1959. The birds of the Palearctic fauna. Passeriformes. H.F. & G. Witherby Limited, London.

 

page 569, Australasian Figbird  Sphecotheres vieilloti

Add subspecies cucullatus, with range “Kai Islands (Indonesia), Arafura Sea” (Mees 1980). This subspecies was described in 1867 but was not included in earlier editions of the eBird/Clements Checklist. Insert subspecies cucullatus immediately following the heading for the species.

Add subspecies salvadorii, with range “coastal southeastern New Guinea” (Schodde and Mason 1999). This subspecies was described in 1877 but was not included in earlier editions of the eBird/Clements Checklist. Insert subspecies salvadorii immediately following the entry for subspecies cucullatus.

Revise the range description of subspecies flaviventris from “N Queensland (Cape York Pen. south to about Cairns); Kai Is.” to “northern Queensland (Cape York Pen. south to about Cairns); to the southeast intergrades with subspecies vieilloti“.

Revise the range description of subspecies vieilloti from “Coastal se New Guinea and ne Australia (s to New South Wales)” to “eastern Australia (east central Queensland and eastern New South Wales); intergrades to the north with subspecies flaviventris“.

References:

Mees, G.F. 1980. Supplementary notes on the avifauna of Misool. Zoologische Mededelingen 55: 1-10.

Schodde, R., and I.J. Mason. 1999. The directory of Australian birds. Passerines. CSIRO Publishing, Canberra.

 

page 578, Velvet-mantled Drongo  Dicrurus modestus

Correct the English name for the monotypic group Dicrurus modestus modestus from Velvet-mantled Drongo (Príncipe) to Velvet-mantled Drongo (Principe).

 

page 578, Ashy Drongo  Dicrurus leucophaeus

Subspecies hopwoodi is transferred from the group Ashy Drongo (Sooty) Dicrurus leucophaeus [leucophaeus Group] to the group Ashy Drongo (Blackish). Change the scientific name of the group Ashy Drongo (Blackish) from Dicrurus leucophaeus longicaudatus/nigrescens to Dicrurus leucophaeus [longicaudatus Group].

Revise the range description of subspecies bondi from “S Thailand and Cambodia” to “southern Thailand, southern Laos, Cambodia, and southern Vietnam”.

Subspecies innexus is transferred from the group Ashy Drongo (Sooty) Dicrurus leucophaeus [leucophaeus Group] to the group Ashy Drongo (Chinese White-faced). Change the scientific name of the group Ashy Drongo (Chinese White-faced) from Dicrurus leucophaeus leucogenis/salangensis to Dicrurus leucophaeus [innexus Group].

Subspecies batakensis and phaedrus are transferred from the group Ashy Drongo (Sooty) Dicrurus leucophaeus [leucophaeus Group] to the group Ashy Drongo (Island White-faced). Change the scientific name of the group Ashy Drongo (Island White-faced) from Dicrurus leucophaeus periophthalmicus/siberu to Dicrurus leucophaeus [periophthalmicus Group].

 

pages 468-469, Northern Fantail  Rhipidura rufiventris

Change the scientific name of a subspecies from buttikoferi to the older name hoedti (Dickinson and Christidis 2014: 222).

Change the scientific name of a subspecies from tangenensis to tangensis (Mayr 1955: 22).

References:

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

Mayr, E. 1955. Notes on the birds of northern Melanesia. 3. Passeres. American Museum Novitates number 1707.

 

page 468, White-throated Fantail  Rhipidura albicollis

Revise the range description for subspecies orissae from “NE India” to “northeastern India: Chota Nagpur plateau and northeastern Ghats”.

 

page 468, Spot-breasted Fantail  Rhipidura albogularis

Revise the range description for subspecies albogularis from “S and c India (north to Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Orissa)” to “peninsular India from Mt. Abu and the Vindhyas south to Nilgiris “.

Subspecies vernayi, previously included as a subspecies of White-throated Fantail Rhipidura albicollis, properly belongs with Spot-breasted Fantail. Also, revise the range of vernayi from “SE India” to “northeastern Ghats”.

 

page 470, Streaked Fantail  Rhipidura verreauxi

Revise the range description for subspecies erythronota from “Fiji (Yanganga and Vanua Levu)” to “Fiji (Yaqaga and Vanua Levu)”.

 

page 470, New Zealand Fantail  Rhipidura fuliginosa

Change the scientific name of a subspecies from penitus to penita (Dickinson and Christidis 2014: 225).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

pages 473-474, paradise-flycatchers  genus Terpsiphone

The sequence of species of paradise-flycatchers (Terpsiphone) is revised, following Fabre et al. (2012), Bristol et al. (2013), and Andersen et al. (2015). The sequence of species that we adopt is as follows:

Blue Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone cyanescens

Rufous Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone cinnamomea

Japanese Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone atrocaudata

Amur Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone incei

Blyth’s Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone affinis

Mascarene Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone bourbonnensis

Indian Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone paradisi

Sao Tome Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone atrochalybeia

Seychelles Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone corvina

Madagascar Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone mutata

Black-headed Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone rufiventer

Bedford’s Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone bedfordi

Rufous-vented Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone rufocinerea

Bates’s Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone batesi

African Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone viridis

References:

Andersen, M.J., P.A. Hosner, C.E Filardi, and R.G. Moyle. 2015. Phylogeny of the monarch flycatchers reveals extensive paraphyly and novel relationships within a major Australo-Pacific radiation.  Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 67: 336–347.

Bristol, R.M., P.-H. Fabre, M. Irestedt, K.A. Jønsson, N.J. Shah, V. Tatayah, B.H. Warren, and J.J. Groombridge. 2013. Molecular phylogeny of the Indian Ocean Terpsiphone paradise flycatchers: undetected evolutionary diversity revealed amongst island populations. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 67: 336–347.

Fabre, P.-H., M. Irestedt, J. Fjeldså, R. Bristol, J.J. Groombridge, M. Irham, and K.A. Jønsson. 2012. Dynamic colonization exchanges between continents and islands drive diversification in paradise-flycatchers (Terpsiphone, Monarchidae). Journal of Biogeography 39: 1900-1918.

 

page 474, Blyth’s Paradise-Flycatcher  Terpsiphone affinis

Revise the range description of subspecies nicobarica from “Andaman and Nicobar islands” to “Nicobar Islands”.

 

page 475, Fiji Shrikebill  Clytorhynchus vitiensis

Revise the range description for subspecies pontifex from “W Fiji Islands (Ngamea and Rambi)” to “Fiji (Rabi and Qamea)”.

 

page 476, Chestnut-bellied Monarch  Monarcha castaneiventris

Change the scientific name of subspecies megarhyncha to megarhynchus (Dickinson and Christidis 2014: 247).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 475, Black Monarch  Symposiachrus axillaris

Change the English name of Symposiachrus axillaris from Black Monarch to Fantailed Monarch (Pratt and Beehler 2015).

Reference:

Pratt, T.K., and B.M. Beehler. 2015. Birds of New Guinea. Second edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 476, Black-backed Monarch  Symposiachrus julianae

Change the English name of Symposiachrus julianae from Black-backed Monarch to Kofiau Monarch (Diamond et al. 2009, Pratt and Beehler 2015).

References:

Diamond, J., I. Mauro, K.D. Bishop, and L. Wijaya. 2009. The avifauna of Kofiau Island, Indonesia. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 129: 165-181.

Pratt, T.K., and B.M. Beehler. 2015. Birds of New Guinea. Second edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 477, Rufous-collared Monarch  Arses insularis

Change the English name of Arses insularis from Rufous-collared Monarch to Ochre-collared Monarch (Pratt and Beehler 2015).

Reference:

Pratt, T.K., and B.M. Beehler. 2015. Birds of New Guinea. Second edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 478, Steel-blue Flycatcher  Myiagra ferrocyanea

Revise the range description for subspecies feminina from “Kulambangra (New Georgia Group in Solomon Islands)” to “Solomon Islands (all islands in the New Georgia group)”.

 

page 478, Melanesian Flycatcher  Myiagra caledonica

Revise the range description for subspecies viridinitens from “Loyalty Islands (Lifou and Ovéa)” to “Loyalty Islands (Ouvéa and Lifou)”.

 

page 478, Blue-crested Flycatcher  Myiagra azureocapilla

Revise the range description for subspecies castaneigularis from “Fiji (montane forests of Vanua Levu and Kambara)” to “Fiji (montane forests of Vanua Levu and Kabara)”.

 

page 587, Steller’s Jay  Cyanocitta stelleri

Revise the range description for subspecies macrolopha from “Rocky Mountains (Nevada and Utah to n Sonora)” to “montane west central United States (eastern Nevada to soutwestern South Dakota, south to Arizona, New Mexico and far western Texas) and northern Mexico”.

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from philippsi to phillipsi (Browning 1993).

Reference:

Browning, M.R. 1993. Taxonomy of the blue-crested group of Cyanocitta stelleri (Steller’s Jay) with a description of a new subspecies. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 113: 34-41.

 

page 587, Blue Jay  Cyanocitta cristata

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from cyanoptera to cyanotephra (Sutton 1935).

Reference:

Sutton, G.M. 1935. A new Blue Jay from the western border of the Great Basin. Auk 52: 176-177.

 

page 589, Western Scrub-Jay  Aphelocoma californica

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from inmanis to immanis (Grinnell 1901).

Reference:

Grinnell, J. 1901. The Long-tailed Jay. Auk 18: 188.

 

page 590, Eurasian Jay  Garrulus glandarius

Revise the range description for subspecies albipectus from “Italy, Dalmatian coast of Yugoslavia, Albania and Ionian Islands” to “Italy, coastal Balkans from Croatia to Albania, and Ionian Islands (western Greece)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies graecus from “S Yugoslavia, s Bulgaria and Greece” to “Kosovo and southern Serbia to southern Bulgaria and mainland Greece”.

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from fernandi to ferdinandi.

 

page 592, Gray Treepie  Dendrocitta formosae

Correct a subspecies name from himalayensis to himalayana (Deignan 1963: 130).

Reference:

Deignan, H.G. 1963. Checklist of the birds of Thailand. Bulletin of the United States National Museum 226.

 

page 592, Eurasian Magpie  Pica pica

Correct the spelling of a subspecies nmae from sericea to serica (Dickinson and Christidis 2014).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 593, Red-billed Chough  Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax

Change the spelling of a subspecies name from erythrorhamphos to erythroramphos (Dickinson and Christidis 2014).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 593, House Crow  Corvus splendens

Change the spelling of a subspecies name from maldevicius to maldevicus.

 

page 594, Fish Crow  Corvus ossifragus

Revise the range description from “Eastern US (New England to s Texas)” to “eastern United States (New England to east Texas)”.

 

page 594, Hooded Crow  Corvus cornix

Revise the range description for subspecies sharpii from “Mainland Italy to Yugoslavia, Asia Minor, n Iran and Kazakhstan” to “mainland Italy to the Balkans, Asia Minor, northern Iran, and Kazakhstan”.

 

page 595, Large-billed Crow  Corvus macrorhynchos

Revise the range description for subspecies osai from “S Ryukyu Is. (Ishigaki, Iriomote, Kobama, Kuru and Aragusuku)” to “southern Ryukyu Islands (Ishigaki, Iriomote, Kohama, Kuru and Aragusuku)”.

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from mandschuricus to mandshuricus (Dickinson and Christidis 2014).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 595, Torresian Crow  Corvus orru

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from ceciliae to cecilae (Matthews 1912: 442).

Reference:

Mathews, G.M. 1912. A reference-list to the birds of Australia. Novitates Zoologicae 18: 171-455.

 

page 595, Common Raven  Corvus corax

The name subcorax, which was used previously in Clements Checklist for a subspecies of Common Raven, is a junior synonym of Corvus ruficollis (Brown-necked Raven) (Cramp and Perrins 1994: 223). Replace the subspecies name subcorax with the name laurencei.

Reference:

Cramp, S., and C.M. Perrins (editors). 1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa. The birds of the Western Palearctic. Volume 8. Oxford University Press, New York and Oxford, United Kingdom.

 

page 479, Lemon-bellied Flycatcher  Microeca flavigaster

Revise the range description for subspecies laeta from “New Guinea (Wandamman and Victor Emanual mountains)” to “northern New Guinea, from the lowlands of Geelvink Bay east to Astrolabe Bay”.

 

page 480, Canary Flycatcher  Microeca papuana

Change the English name of Microeca papuana from Canary Flycatcher to Papuan Flycatcher (Pratt and Beehler 2015).

Reference:

Pratt, T.K., and B.M. Beehler. 2015. Birds of New Guinea. Second edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 480, Alpine Robin  Petroica bivittata

Change the English name of Petroica bivittata from Alpine Robin to Subalpine Robin (Pratt and Beehler 2015).

Reference:

Pratt, T.K., and B.M. Beehler. 2015. Birds of New Guinea. Second edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 480, Pacific Robin  Petroica multicolor

Revise the range description for subspecies kulambangrae from “Kulambangra (Solomon Islands)” to “Solomon Islands (Kolombangara)”.

 

page 480, Scarlet Robin  Petroica boodang

Revise the range of subspecies campbelli from “SW Western Australia and s Eyre Peninsula (South Australia)” to “southwestern Western Australia”, following Dolman and Joseph (2015).

Reference:

Dolman, G., and L. Joseph. 2015. Evolutionary history of birds across southern Australia: structure, history and taxonomic implications of mitochondrial DNA diversity in an ecologically diverse suite of species. Emu 115: 35-48.

 

page 482, Blue-gray Robin  Peneothello cyanus

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from subcyana to subcyanea (De Vis 1897).

Reference:

De Vis, C.W. 1897. Diagnoses of thirty-six new or little-known birds from British New Guinea. Ibis 39: 371-392.

 

page 482, Green-backed Robin  Pachycephalopsis hattamensis

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from insulanus to insularis (Diamond 1985).

Reference:

Diamond, J.M. 1985. New distributional records and taxa from the outlying mountain ranges of New Guinea. Emu 85: 65-91.

 

page 511, Bearded Reedling  Panurus biarmicus

Revise the range description for subspecies russicus from “C Europe (Austria to n Yugoslavia, Asia Minor, c Asia and China)” to “central Europe (Austria to northern Balkans) and Asia Minor east through central Asia to northern China”.

 

page 352, Black-crowned Sparrow-Lark  Eremopterix nigriceps

Correct the range description of subspecies melanauchen from “E Sudan to Ethiopia, Somalia, s Iraq, s Iran, s Pakistan and nw India” to “eastern Sudan to Ethiopia, Somalia, Arabia, southern Iraq and southern Iran”.

Correct the range description of subspecies affinis from “Peninsular India and Sri Lanka” to “southeastern Iran to Pakistan and northwestern India”.

 

page 352, Desert Lark  Ammomanes deserti

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from kollmanspergeri to kollmannspergeri (David et al. 2009).

Reference:

David, N., E.C. Dickinson, and S.M.S. Gregory. 2009. Contributions to a list of first reviser actions: ornithology. Zootaxa 2085: 1-24.

 

page 354, Sand Lark  Calandrella raytal

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from krishnarkumarsinhji to krishnakumarsinhji (Dickinson and Christidis 2014).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 355, Crested Lark  Galerida cristata

Revise the range description for subspecies meridionalis from “S Yugoslavia to mainland Greece, Ionian Is., Crete and w Turkey” to “southwestern and southern Balkans, Ionian Islands (western Greece), Crete, and western Anatolian Turkey”.

 

page 357, Wood Lark  Lullula arborea

Revise the range description for subspecies arborea from “N Europe to Portugal, n Spain, n Italy, n Yugoslavia and Ukraine” to “Europe south to Portugal, northern Spain, northern Italy, northern Balkans, northwestern Romania, and Ukraine”.

 

page 355, Horned Lark  Eremophila alpestris

Revise the range description for subspecies balcanica from “Mts. of se Europe (Yugoslavia, Bulgaria and n Greece)” to “southeastern Europe (Balkans)”.

 

page 359, Purple Martin  Progne subis

Change the English name of the group Progne subis subis/arboricola from Purple Martin (Northern) to Purple Martin (subis/arboricola).

Change the English name of the group Progne subis hesperia from Purple Martin (Desert) to Purple Martin (hesperia).

These are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 358, Bank Swallow  Riparia riparia

Revise the range description for subsecies eilata from “S Israel” to “breeding range unknown; reported only from migration through Israel”.

 

page 360, Barn Swallow  Hirundo rustica

Revise the range description for the monotypic group Barn Swallow (American) Hirundo rustica erythrogaster from “Alaska and Canada to s Mexico; >s Argentina” to “breeds from southeastern Alaska and Canada south to southern Mexico; winters from Mexico south to southern South America (Tierra del Fuego. Recently (ca 1980) also colonized northeastern Argentina, where breeding range continues to expand”.

 

page 362, Cliff Swallow  Petrochelidon pyrrhonota

Change the English name of the group Petrochelidon pyrrhonota [pyrrhonota Group] from Cliff Swallow (Northern) to Cliff Swallow (pyrrhonota/ganieri).

Change the English name of the group Petrochelidon pyrrhonota melanogaster from Cliff Swallow (Southwestern) to Cliff Swallow (melanogaster).

These are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 528, Varied Tit  Poecile varius

Varied Tit is removed from the genus Poecile, and is placed in Sittiparus (Johansson et al. 2013). Change the scientific name of Varied Tit from Poecile varius to Sittiparus varius.

Reference:

Johansson, U.S., J. Ekman, R.C.K. Bowie, P. Halvarsson, J.I. Ohlson, T.D. Price, and P.G.P. Ericson. 2013. A complete multilocus species phylogeny of the tits and chickadees (Aves: Paridae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 69: 852-860.

 

page 528, White-fronted Tit  Parus semilarvatus

White-fronted Tit is removed from the genus Parus, and is placed in Sittiparus (Johansson et al. 2013). Change the scientific name of White-fronted Tit from Parus semilarvatus to Sittiparus semilarvatus.

Reference:

Johansson, U.S., J. Ekman, R.C.K. Bowie, P. Halvarsson, J.I. Ohlson, T.D. Price, and P.G.P. Ericson. 2013. A complete multilocus species phylogeny of the tits and chickadees (Aves: Paridae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 69: 852-860.

 

page 524, Caspian Tit  Poecile hyrcanus

Subspecies kirmanensis belongs with Sombre Tit Poecile lugubris, and not with Caspian Tit Poecile hyrcanus. Change the scientific name of this subspecies from Poecile hyrcanus kirmanensis to Poecile lugubris kirmanensis.

 

page 523, Marsh Tit  Poecile palustris

Revise the range description for subspecies stagnatilis from “W Russia to n Turkey, e Yugoslavia and Bulgaria” to “eastern Poland and western Russia to northern and eastern Balkans and northwestern Asia Minor”.

 

page 524, Willow Tit  Poecile montanus

Correct a typo in the spelling of the scientific name of the group Willow Tit (Willow): change Poecilie to Poecile.

 

page 528, Eurasian Blue Tit  Cyanistes caeruleus

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from ogilastrae to ogliastrae.

 

page 528, Azure Tit  Cyanistes cyanus

Correct the spelling of the scientific name of subspecies kotkalensis to koktalensis (Dickinson 2003).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C. (editor). 2003. The Howard and Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Third edition. Princeton University Press, New Jersey.

 

page 527, Cinereous Tit  Parus cinereus

Change the name of a subspecies from nipalensis to planorum (Dickinson and Christidis 2014).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 527, White-winged Tit  Parus nuchalis

Change the English name from White-winged Tit to White-naped Tit (Harrop and Quinn 1995, Rasmussen and Anderton 2005). The genus Parus is partitioned into two genera (Johansson et al. 2013). Change the scientific name of White-naped Tit from Parus nuchalis to Machlolophus nuchalis.

References:

Harrop, S., and D. Quinn. 1995. Chickadees, tits, nuthatches & treecreepers. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Johansson, U.S., J. Ekman, R.C.K. Bowie, P. Halvarsson, J.I. Ohlson, T.D. Price, and P.G.P. Ericson. 2013. A complete multilocus species phylogeny of the tits and chickadees (Aves: Paridae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 69: 852-860.

Rasmussen, P.C., and J.C. Anderton. 2005. Birds of South Asia. The Ripley guide. Volume 2: attributes and status. Smithsonian Institution and Lynx Edicions, Washington D.C. and Barcelona.

 

page 528, Yellow Tit  Parus holsti

The genus Parus is partitioned into two genera (Johansson et al. 2013). Change the scientific name of Yellow Tit from Parus holsti to Machlolophus holsti.

Reference:

Johansson, U.S., J. Ekman, R.C.K. Bowie, P. Halvarsson, J.I. Ohlson, T.D. Price, and P.G.P. Ericson. 2013. A complete multilocus species phylogeny of the tits and chickadees (Aves: Paridae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 69: 852-860.

 

page 527, Black-lored Tit  Parus xanthogenys

The genus Parus is partitioned into two genera (Johansson et al. 2013). Change the scientific name of Black-lored Tit from Parus xanthogenys to Machlolophus xanthogenys.

Reference:

Johansson, U.S., J. Ekman, R.C.K. Bowie, P. Halvarsson, J.I. Ohlson, T.D. Price, and P.G.P. Ericson. 2013. A complete multilocus species phylogeny of the tits and chickadees (Aves: Paridae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 69: 852-860.

 

page 527, Indian Tit  Parus aplonotus

The genus Parus is partitioned into two genera (Johansson et al. 2013). Change the scientific name of Indian Tit from Parus aplonotus to Machlolophus aplonotus.

Reference:

Johansson, U.S., J. Ekman, R.C.K. Bowie, P. Halvarsson, J.I. Ohlson, T.D. Price, and P.G.P. Ericson. 2013. A complete multilocus species phylogeny of the tits and chickadees (Aves: Paridae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 69: 852-860.

 

page 528, Yellow-cheeked Tit  Parus spilonotus

The genus Parus is partitioned into two genera (Johansson et al. 2013). Change the scientific name of Yellow-cheeked Tit from Parus spilonotus to Machlolophus spilonotus.

Reference:

Johansson, U.S., J. Ekman, R.C.K. Bowie, P. Halvarsson, J.I. Ohlson, T.D. Price, and P.G.P. Ericson. 2013. A complete multilocus species phylogeny of the tits and chickadees (Aves: Paridae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 69: 852-860.

 

page 533, Forest Penduline-Tit  Anthoscopus flavifrons

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from waldroni to waldronae (Dickinson and Christidis 2014).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 534, African Penduline-Tit  Anthoscopus caroli

Revise the range description for the monotypic group African Penduline-Tit (Slaty-backed) Anthoscopus caroli rankinei from “Zambesi River between ne Zimbabwe and nw Mozambique” to “northeastern Zimbabwe”.

 

page 514, Long-tailed Tit  Aegithalos caudatus

Revise the range description for subspecies macedonicus from “Albania, Yugoslavia, Greece and s Bulgaria” to “southeastern Europe (Balkans)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies italiae from “Mainland Italy and Yugoslavia” to “mainland Italy and southwestern Slovenia”.

 

page 529, Eurasian Nuthatch  Sitta europaea

Revise the range description for subspecies cisalpina from “S Switzerland, Italy, Sicily and coastal Yugoslavia” to “southern Switzerland (south of the Alps), mainland Italy, Sicil y, and western coastal Balkans, south to southwestern Montenegro”.

 

page 530, White-breasted Nuthatch  Sitta carolinensis

Subspecies tenuissima belongs with the group White-breasted Nuthatch (Interior West) Sitta carolinensis [mexicana Group], not in the group White-breasted Nuthatch (Pacific) (Spellman and Klicka 2007, Walstrom et al. 2012).

With the removal of subspecies tenuissima from the group White-breasted Nuthatch (Pacific), the scientific name of this group changes from Sitta carolinensis [aculeata Group] to Sitta carolinensis aculeata/alexandrae.

References:

Spellman, G.M., and J. Klicka. 2007. Phylogeography of the white-breasted nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis): diversification in North American pine and oak woodlands. Molecular Ecology 16: 1729–1740.

Walstrom, V.W., J. Klicka, and G.M. Spellman. 2012. Speciation in the White-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis): a multilocus perspective. Molecular Ecology 21: 907-920.

 

page 531, Eurasian Treecreeper  Certhia familiaris

Revise the range description for subspecies macrodactyla from “Western Europe to Oder River, Hungary and Yugoslavia” to “western Europe, east to the Oder River, Hungary, and the northwestern Balkans”.

 

page 532, Brown Creeper  Certhia americana

Change the English name of the group Certhia americana [occidentalis Group] from Brown Creeper (Pacific) to Brown Creeper (occidentalis Group).

Change the English name of the group Certhia americana montana/idahoensis from Brown Creeper (Rocky Mts) to Brown Creeper (montana/idahoensis).

Change the English name of the group Certhia americana americana/nigrescens from Brown Creeper (Eastern) to Brown Creeper (americana/nigrescens).

Change the English name of the group Certhia americana albescens/alticola from Brown Creeper (Mexican) to Brown Creeper (albescens/alticola).

Change the English name of the group Certhia americana pernigra from Brown Creeper (Guatemalan) to Brown Creeper (pernigra).

Change the English name of the group Certhia americana extima from Brown Creeper (Honduran) to Brown Creeper (extima).

These revisions are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 393-394, Pacific Wren  Troglodytes pacificus

Change the English name of the group Troglodytes pacificus [alascensis Group] from Pacific Wren (Alaskan islands) to Pacific Wren (alascensis Group).

Change the English name of the group Troglodytes pacificus [pacificus Group] from Pacific Wren (Southern) to Pacific Wren (pacificus Group).

These revisions are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 395, Sedge Wren  Cistothorus platensis

Change the English name of the monotypic group Cistothorus platensis stellaris from Sedge Wren (Northern) to Sedge Wren (Sedge).

Change the English name of the polytypic group Cistothorus platensis [elegans Group] from Sedge Wren (Middle America) to Sedge Wren (Grass).

Revise the range description for subspecies alticola from “Mts. of n Colombia to n Venezuela; s Guyana” to “Venezuela (coastal mountains, highlands of the Gran Sabana) and (?) Guyana”.

Revise the range description for subspecies aequatorialis from “Central and Western Andes of Colombia, south to central Ecuador” to “Andes from Venezuela and Colombia south to northern Peru (Cajamarca); southern distributional limit not yet documented”.

Revise the range description for subspecies graminicola from “Andes from southern Ecuador south through Peru to northwestern Bolivia (La Paz)” to “Andes of central Peru (Huánuco to Junín); no doubt more widespread, but northern and southern distributional limits not yet documented”.

Revise the range description for subspecies minimus from “southern Peru in Puno (Oconeque)” to “Andes of southern Peru (north to Ayacucho) and northern Bolivia (La Paz)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies tucumanus from “NW Argentina (Jujuy to Catamarca and Tucumán)” to “highlands from Santa Cruz, Bolivia, south to northwestern Argentina (to Tucumán and western Córdoba)” (Traylor 1988, Robbins and Nyári 2014).

Subspecies hornensis belongs in a group with subspecies falklandicus, and not with subspecies platensis; also, subspecies polyglottus belongs with subspecies platensis, and is not related to other members of the group Sedge Wren (polyglottus Group) Cistothorus platensis [polyglottus Group] (Robbins and Nyári 2014). As a result, the monotypic group Sedge Wren (Falklands) Cistothorus platensis falklandicus becomes the polytypic group Sedge Wren (Austral) Cistothorus platensis hornensis/falklandicus; the polytypic group Sedge Wren (platensis Group) Cistothorus platensis platensis/hornensis becomes the polytypic group Sedge Wren (Pampas) Cistothorus platensis platensis/polyglottus; and the polytypic group Sedge Wren (polyglottus Group) Cistothorus platensis [polyglottus Group] becomes three different groups.

Revise the range description for subspecies polyglottus from “SE Brazil (Goiás and Minas Gerais) to Paraguay and ne Argentina” to “Bolivia (Beni and Santa Cruz) and southeastern Brazil (Goiás and Minas Gerais to Paraná); intergrades with platensis in southern Paraguay, northeastern Argentina, and southern Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul” (Traylor 1988, Robbins and Nyári 2014).

References:

Robbins, M.B., and Á.S. Nyári. 2014. Canada to Tierra del Fuego: species limits and historical biogeography of the Sedge Wren (Cistothorus platensis). Wilson Journal of Ornithology 126: 649-662.

Traylor, M.A., Jr. 1988. Geographic variation and evolution in South American Cistothorus platensis (Aves: Troglodytidae). Fieldiana: Zoology (new series) number 48.

 

page 395, Marsh Wren  Cistothorus palustris

Change the English name of the group Cistothorus palustris [paludicola Group] from Marsh Wren (Pacific) to Marsh Wren (paludicola Group).

Change the English name of the group Cistothorus palustris [plesius Group] from Marsh Wren (Interior West) to Marsh Wren (plesius Group).

Change the English name of the group Cistothorus palustris [palustris Group] from Marsh Wren (Eastern) to Marsh Wren (palustris Group).

Change the English name of the group Cistothorus palustris griseus from Marsh Wren (Worthington’s) to Marsh Wren (griseus).

Change the English name of the group Cistothorus palustris tolucensis from Marsh Wren (Central Mexico) to Marsh Wren (tolucensis).

These revisions are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 393, Bewick’s Wren  Thryomanes bewickii

Change the English name of the group Thryomanes bewickii bewickii/altus from Bewick’s Wren (Eastern) to Bewick’s Wren (bewickii/altus).

Change the English name of the group Thryomanes bewickii [eremophilus Group] from Bewick’s Wren (Interior West) to Bewick’s Wren (eremophilus Group).

Change the English name of the group Thryomanes bewickii [spilurus Group] from Bewick’s Wren (Pacific) to Bewick’s Wren (spilurus Group).

These revisions are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 389, Cactus Wren  Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus

Change the English name of the group Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus [brunneicapillus Group] from Cactus Wren (Eastern) to Cactus Wren (brunneicapillus Group).

Change the English name of the group Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus [brunneicapillus Group] from Cactus Wren (Western) to Cactus Wren (affinis Group).

These revisions are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 391, Moustached Wren  Pheugopedius genibarbis

Revise the range description for subspecies juruanus from “W Amazonian Brazil to se Peru (Ucayali) and nw Bolivia” to “eastern Peru (south of the Amazon and east of the Ucayali River) south to Ucayali, western Amazonian Brazil, and northern Bolivia (Beni)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies bolivianus from “Lowlands of Bolivia (La Paz, Cochabamba and Santa Cruz)” to “southeastern Peru and Bolivia (La Paz, Cochabamba and Santa Cruz)”.

 

page 391, Coraya Wren  Pheugopedius coraya

Revise the range description for subspecies barrowcloughianus from “Tepuis of s Venezuela (Mt. Roraima and Mt. Cuquenam)” to “tepuis of southern Venezuela (Mt. Roraima and Mt. Cuquenán)”.

 

page 396, Gray-breasted Wood-Wren  Henicorhina leucophrys

Add a previously overlooked subspecies, manastarae, with range “Serrania de Perija (Colombia/Venezuela)”. Insert manastarae immediately following subspecies bangsi.

 

page 445, Long-billed Gnatwren  Ramphocaenus melanurus

Subspecies sticturus does not belong in the group Long-billed Gnatwren (Long-billed) Ramphocaenus melanurus [melanurus Group], and is moved to join the group that contains subspecies obscurus.

With the transfer of subspecies sticturus to the group Long-billed Gnatwren (obscurus) Ramphocaenus melanurus obscurus, change the English name of this group to Long-billed Gnatwren (Chattering) and the scientific name to Long-billed Gnatwren (sticturus/obscurus).

 

page 445, Blue-gray Gnatcatcher  Polioptila caerulea

Change the English name of the group Polioptila caerulea caerulea from Blue-gray Gnatcatcher (Eastern) to Blue-gray Gnatcatcher (caerulea).

Change the English name of the group Polioptila caerulea [obscura Group] from Blue-gray Gnatcatcher (Western) to Blue-gray Gnatcatcher (obscura Group).

These revisions are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 380, Yellow-throated Greenbul  Atimastillas flavicollis

Delete subspecies adamauae, with range “N Cameroon (Adamawa Plateau)”; adamauae is a junior synonym of nominate flavicollis (Rand 1958).

Delete subspecies simplicicolor, with range “E Cameroon (Uam region)”; simplicicolor is a junior synonym of soror (White 1962, Keith et al. 1992).

References:

Keith, S., E.K. Urban, and C.H. Fry. 1992. The birds of Africa. Volume IV. Academic Press, London.

Rand, A.L. 1958. Notes on African bulbuls. Family Pycnonotidae: class Aves. Fieldiana: Zoology 35: 145-220.

White, C.M.N. 1962. A revised check list of African shrikes, orioles, drongos, starlings, crows, waxwings, cuckoo-shrikes, accentors, thrushes and babblers. Government printer, Lusaka, Zambia.

 

page 376, Scaly-breasted Bulbul  Pycnonotus squamatus

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from weberi to webberi (Dickinson and Christidis 2014).

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 377, White-eared Bulbul  Pycnonotus leucotis

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from mesopotamiae to the original spelling, mesopotamia (Dickinson 2003).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C. (editor). 2003. The Howard and Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Third edition. Princeton University Press, New Jersey.

 

page 377, Blue-wattled Bulbul  Pycnonotus nieuwenhuisii

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from inexpectatus to inexspectatus.

 

page 377, Orange-spotted Bulbul  Pycnonotus bimaculatus

The type of bimaculatus is a specimen of the western population; change the name of the subspecies with range “Mts. of sw Sumatra, w and central Java” from barat to bimaculatus; and change the name of the subspecies with range “Mts. of e Java and Bali” from bimaculatus to tenggerensis (Mees 1996).

Reference:

Mees, G.F. 1996. Geographical variation in birds of Java. Publications of the Nuttall Ornithological Club number 26. Cambridge, Massachusetts.

 

page 383, Olive Bulbul  Iole virescens

Correct a typo by changing the range description for subspecies myitkyinensis from “northeastern and eastern Myanma” to “northeastern and eastern Myanmar”.

 

page 383, Streak-breasted Bulbul  Hypsipetes siquijorensis

Revise the range description for subspecies monticola from “Cebu (Philippines)” to “Cebu (Philippines); very rare, perhaps near extinction”.

 

page 435, Red-capped Crombec  Sylvietta ruficapilla

Revise the range description for subspecies gephyra from “S Democratic Republic of the Congo (w Shaba) to Zambia and Zimbabwe” to “southern Democratic Republic of the Congo (western Katanga) to Zambia and Zimbabwe”.

Revise the range description for subspecies chubbi from “S Democratic Republic of the Congo (se Shaba) to Malawi and n Mozambique” to “southern Democratic Republic of the Congo (southeastern Katanga) to Malawi and northern Mozambique”.

Revise the range description for subspecies ruficapilla from “Central Angola to s Democratic Republic of the Congo (sw Shaba)” to “central Angola to southern Democratic Republic of the Congo (southwestern Katanga)”.

 

page 426, Palau Bush-Warbler  Horornis annae

Revise the range description from “Palau Islands (Babelthaup, Koror, Garakayo, Peleliu and Ngabad)” to “Palau Islands (Babelthuap, Koror, Garakayo, Peleliu and Ngabad)”.

 

pages 436-440, family Phylloscopidae (Leaf-Warblers)

Change the English name of the family Phylloscopidae from Leaf-Warblers to Leaf Warblers.

 

page 436, Laura’s Wood-Warbler  Phylloscopus laurae

Change the English name of Phylloscopus laurae from Laura’s Wood-Warbler to Laura’s Woodland-Warbler (Urban et al. 1997).

Reference:

Urban, E.K., C.H. Fry, and S. Keith. 1997. The birds of Africa. Volume V. Academic Press, London.

 

page 436, Yellow-throated Wood-Warbler  Phylloscopus ruficapilla

Change the English name of Phylloscopus ruficapilla from Yellow-throated Wood-Warbler to Yellow-throated Woodland-Warbler (Britton 1980, Urban et al. 1997).

References:

Britton, P.L. (editor). 1980. Birds of east Africa. East Africa Natural History Society, Nairobi.

Urban, E.K., C.H. Fry, and S. Keith. 1997. The birds of Africa. Volume V. Academic Press, London.

 

page 436, Uganda Wood-Warbler  Phylloscopus budongoensis

Change the English name of Phylloscopus budongoensis from Uganda Wood-Warbler to Uganda Woodland-Warbler (Britton 1980, Urban et al. 1997).

References:

Britton, P.L. (editor). 1980. Birds of east Africa. East Africa Natural History Society, Nairobi.

Urban, E.K., C.H. Fry, and S. Keith. 1997. The birds of Africa. Volume V. Academic Press, London.

 

page 436, Brown Woodland-Warbler  Phylloscopus umbrovirens

Revise the range description for subspecies williamsi from “N Somalia (Erigave district)” to “northern Somalia (Cal Madow mountains)”.

 

page 439, Mountain Warbler  Phylloscopus trivirgatus

Change the English name of the polytypic group Phylloscopus trivirgatus [nigrorum Group] from Mountain Warbler (Negros) to Mountain Warbler (Philippines).

 

page 439, Sulawesi Leaf-Warbler  Phylloscopus sarasinorum

The hyphen is removed from all Leaf-Warblers, since they do not form a monophyletic group within Phylloscopus (Olsson et al. 2005, Johansson et al. 2007); change the English name of Phylloscopus sarasinorum from Sulawesi Leaf-Warbler to Sulawesi Leaf Warbler.

References:

Johansson, U.S., P. Alström, U. Olsson, P.G.P. Ericson, P. Sundberg, and T.D. Price. 2007. Build-up of the Himalayan avifauna through immigration: a biogeographical analysis of the Phylloscopus and Seicercus warblers. Evolution 61: 324–333.

Olsson, U., P. Alström, P.G.P. Ericson, and P. Sundberg. 2005. Non-monophyletic taxa and cryptic species—evidence from a molecular phylogeny of leaf-warblers (Phylloscopus, Aves). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 36: 261–276.

 

page 439, Timor Leaf-Warbler  Phylloscopus presbytes

The hyphen is removed from all Leaf-Warblers, since they do not form a monophyletic group within Phylloscopus (Olsson et al. 2005, Johansson et al. 2007); change the English name of Phylloscopus presbytes from Timor Leaf-Warbler to Timor Leaf Warbler.

References:

Johansson, U.S., P. Alström, U. Olsson, P.G.P. Ericson, P. Sundberg, and T.D. Price. 2007. Build-up of the Himalayan avifauna through immigration: a biogeographical analysis of the Phylloscopus and Seicercus warblers. Evolution 61: 324–333.

Olsson, U., P. Alström, P.G.P. Ericson, and P. Sundberg. 2005. Non-monophyletic taxa and cryptic species—evidence from a molecular phylogeny of leaf-warblers (Phylloscopus, Aves). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 36: 261–276.

 

pages 439-440, Island Leaf-Warbler  Phylloscopus poliocephalus

The hyphen is removed from all Leaf-Warblers, since they do not form a monophyletic group within Phylloscopus (Olsson et al. 2005, Johansson et al. 2007); change the English name of Phylloscopus poliocephalus from Island Leaf-Warbler to Island Leaf Warbler.

Change the English name of the monotypic group Phylloscopus poliocephalus henrietta from Island Leaf-Warbler (Halmahera) to Island Leaf Warbler (Halmahera).

Change the English name of the monotypic group Phylloscopus poliocephalus waterstradti from Island Leaf-Warbler (Bacan) to Island Leaf Warbler (Bacan).

Change the English name of the monotypic group Phylloscopus poliocephalus everetti from Island Leaf-Warbler (Buru) to Island Leaf Warbler (Buru).

Change the English name of the monotypic group Phylloscopus poliocephalus ceramensis from Island Leaf-Warbler (Seram) to Island Leaf Warbler (Seram).

Change the English name of the monotypic group Phylloscopus poliocephalus avicola from Island Leaf-Warbler (Kai) to Island Leaf Warbler (Kai).

Change the English name of the monotypic group Phylloscopus poliocephalus maforensis from Island Leaf-Warbler (Numfor) to Island Leaf Warbler (Numfor).

Change the English name of the monotypic group Phylloscopus poliocephalus misoriensis from Island Leaf-Warbler (Biak) to Island Leaf Warbler (Biak).

Change the English name of the polytypic group Phylloscopus poliocephalus [poliocephalus Group] from Island Leaf-Warbler (New Guinea) to Island Leaf Warbler (New Guinea).

Change the English name of the polytypic group Phylloscopus poliocephalus [matthiae Group] from Island Leaf-Warbler (South Pacific) to Island Leaf Warbler (South Pacific).

Revise the range description for subspecies pallescens from “Kulambangra (Solomon Islands)” to “Solomon Islands (Kolombangara)”.

References:

Johansson, U.S., P. Alström, U. Olsson, P.G.P. Ericson, P. Sundberg, and T.D. Price. 2007. Build-up of the Himalayan avifauna through immigration: a biogeographical analysis of the Phylloscopus and Seicercus warblers. Evolution 61: 324–333.

Olsson, U., P. Alström, P.G.P. Ericson, and P. Sundberg. 2005. Non-monophyletic taxa and cryptic species—evidence from a molecular phylogeny of leaf-warblers (Phylloscopus, Aves). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 36: 261–276.

 

page 440, Philippine Leaf-Warbler  Phylloscopus olivaceus

The hyphen is removed from all Leaf-Warblers, since they do not form a monophyletic group within Phylloscopus (Olsson et al. 2005, Johansson et al. 2007); change the English name of Phylloscopus olivaceus from Philippine Leaf-Warbler to Philippine Leaf Warbler.

References:

Johansson, U.S., P. Alström, U. Olsson, P.G.P. Ericson, P. Sundberg, and T.D. Price. 2007. Build-up of the Himalayan avifauna through immigration: a biogeographical analysis of the Phylloscopus and Seicercus warblers. Evolution 61: 324–333.

Olsson, U., P. Alström, P.G.P. Ericson, and P. Sundberg. 2005. Non-monophyletic taxa and cryptic species—evidence from a molecular phylogeny of leaf-warblers (Phylloscopus, Aves). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 36: 261–276.

 

page 440, Makira Leaf-Warbler  Phylloscopus makirensis

The hyphen is removed from all Leaf-Warblers, since they do not form a monophyletic group within Phylloscopus (Olsson et al. 2005, Johansson et al. 2007); change the English name of Phylloscopus makirensis from Makira Leaf-Warbler to Makira Leaf Warbler.

References:

Johansson, U.S., P. Alström, U. Olsson, P.G.P. Ericson, P. Sundberg, and T.D. Price. 2007. Build-up of the Himalayan avifauna through immigration: a biogeographical analysis of the Phylloscopus and Seicercus warblers. Evolution 61: 324–333.

Olsson, U., P. Alström, P.G.P. Ericson, and P. Sundberg. 2005. Non-monophyletic taxa and cryptic species—evidence from a molecular phylogeny of leaf-warblers (Phylloscopus, Aves). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 36: 261–276.

 

page 440, Kulambangra Leaf-Warbler  Phylloscopus amoenus

The hyphen is removed from all Leaf-Warblers, since they do not form a monophyletic group within Phylloscopus (Olsson et al. 2005, Johansson et al. 2007); change the English name of Phylloscopus makirensis from Makira Leaf-Warbler to Makira Leaf Warbler.

References:

Johansson, U.S., P. Alström, U. Olsson, P.G.P. Ericson, P. Sundberg, and T.D. Price. 2007. Build-up of the Himalayan avifauna through immigration: a biogeographical analysis of the Phylloscopus and Seicercus warblers. Evolution 61: 324–333.

Olsson, U., P. Alström, P.G.P. Ericson, and P. Sundberg. 2005. Non-monophyletic taxa and cryptic species—evidence from a molecular phylogeny of leaf-warblers (Phylloscopus, Aves). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 36: 261–276.

 

pages 426-427, Little Rush-Warbler  Bradypterus baboecala

Revise the range description for subspecies msiri from “E Angola to Zambia, se Democratic Republic of the Congo (Shaba) and ne Botswana” to “eastern Angola to Zambia, southeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (Katanga), and northeastern Botswana”.

 

page 381, Long-billed Bernieria  Bernieria madagascariensis

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from inceleber to incelebris (Dickinson and Christidis 2014).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 424, Green-backed Camaroptera  Camaroptera brachyura

Revise the range description for subspecies intercalata from “S Democratic Republic of the Congo (Shaba) to w Tanzania, e Angola and e Zambia” to “eastern Angola, southern Democratic Republic of the Congo (Katanga), eastern Zambia, and western Tanzania”.

 

pages 424-425, Miombo Wren-Warbler  Calamonastes undosus

Revise the range description for subspecies katangae from “S Democratic Republic of the Congo (Shaba) to n Zambia” to “southern Democratic Republic of the Congo (Katanga) and northern Zambia”.

 

page 415, Rattling Cisticola  Cisticola chiniana

Correct a typographic error in the range description for subspecies campestris: change “oastal” to “coastal”.

 

pages 416-417, Stout Cisticola  Cisticola robustus

Revise the range description for subspecies awemba from “SE Democratic Republic of the Congo (e Shaba) to sw Tanzania and ne Zambia” to “southeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (eastern Katanga) to southwestern Tanzania and northeastern Zambia”.

Revise the range description for the monotypic group Stout Cisticola (Angola) Cisticola robustus angolensis from “S Democratic Republic of the Congo (w Shaba) to nw Zambia and Angola” to “Angola, southern Democratic Republic of the Congo (western Katanga), and northwestern Zambia”.

 

pages 417-418, Zitting Cisticola  Cisticola juncidis

Correct the scientific name of the group Zitting Cisticola (African) from Cisticola juncidis terrestris/cursitans to Cisticola juncidis terrestris/uropygialis.

 

page 418, Black-necked Cisticola  Cisticola eximius

Change the English name of Cisticola eximius from Black-necked Cisticola to Black-backed Cisticola (Dowsett and Forbes-Watson 1993, Urban et al. 1997).

Change the English name of the monotypic group Cisticola eximius winneba from Black-necked Cisticola (Ghana/Pale) to Black-backed Cisticola (winneba).

Change the English name of the polytypic group Cisticola eximius eximius/occidens from Black-necked Cisticola (Black-necked) to Black-backed Cisticola (Black-backed).

References:

Dowsett, R.J., and A.D. Forbes-Watson. 1993. Checklist of birds of the Afrotropical and Malagasy regions. Volume 1: species limits and distribution. Tauraco Press, Liège, Belgium.

Urban, E.K., C.H. Fry, and S. Keith. 1997. The birds of Africa. Volume V. Academic Press, London.

 

pages 418-419, Wing-snapping Cisticola  Cisticola ayresii

Revise the range description for subspecies imatong from “S Sudan (Imatong Mountains)” to “southeastern South Sudan (Imatong Mountains)”.

 

pages 496, African Hill Babbler  Sylvia abyssinica

Correct a typographic error in the spelling of the scientific name of the group African Hill Babbler (African): change Sylvia abyssinica abysinnica/stictigula to Sylvia abyssinica abyssinica/stictigula.

 

page 443, Blackcap  Sylvia atricapilla

In recognition of the existence of another species of blackcap (Bush Blackcap Sylvia nigricapilla), add the modifier Eurasian and change the English name of Sylvia atricapilla from Blackcap to Eurasian Blackcap.

 

pages 443-444, Red Sea Warbler  Sylvia leucomelaena

Change the English name of Sylvia leucomelaena from Red Sea Warbler to Arabian Warbler, to conform to current usage (Baker 1997, Shirihai et al. 2001).

References:

Baker, K. 1997. Warblers of Europe, Asia and North Africa. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Shirihai, H., G. Gargallo, and A.J. Helbig. 2001. Sylvia warblers. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 503, Jerdon’s Babbler  Chrysomma altirostre

Revise the range description for subspecies altirostre from “S-c Myanmar (Irawaddy-Sittang grasslands). Extinct ca 1941” to “south central Myanmar (Irrawaddy-Sittaung grasslands); endangered” (Rheindt et al. 2014).

Reference:

Rheindt, F.E., R. Tizard, N. Pwint, and N. Lin. 2014. The rediscovery of Myanmar’s Jerdon’s Babbler Chrysomma altirostre altirostre. BirdingAsia 22: 13-15.

 

page 513, Reed Parrotbill  Paradoxornis heudei

Revise the range description for the monotypic group Reed Parrotbill (Reed) Paradoxornis heudei heudei from “eastern China (Zhejiang, Jiangsu, and perhaps Hebei)” to “eastern China (southeastern Shandong south to Jiangsu, and inland to northern Jiangxi)”.

 

page 549, Fernando Po Speirops  Zosterops brunneus

Change the English name of Zosterops brunneus from Fernando Po Speirops to Bioko Speirops.

 

page 553, White-throated White-eye  Zosterops meeki

Change the English name of Zosterops meeki from White-throated White-eye to Tagula White-eye (Pratt and Beehler 2015).

Reference:

Pratt, T.K., and B.M. Beehler. 2015. Birds of New Guinea. Second edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 554, Solomons White-eye  Zosterops kulambangrae

Revise the range description for the monotypic group Solomons White-eye (Solomons) Zosterops kulambangrae kulambangrae from “Solomon Is. (Kulambangra to New Georgia group)” to “Solomon Islands (Kolombangara, Vonavona, Kohinggo, New Georgia, Vangunu, and Nggatokae)”.

 

page 554, Silver-eye  Zosterops lateralis

Revise the range description for subspecies nigrescens from “Loyalty Is. (Maré and Uvea)” to “Loyalty Islands (Ouvéa and Maré)”.

 

page 555, Gray White-eye  Zosterops cinereus

Change the English name of Zosterops cinereus from Gray White-eye to Gray-brown White-eye (Monroe and Sibley 1993).

Reference:

Monroe, B.L., Jr., and C.G. Sibley. 1993. A world checklist of birds. Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut.

 

page 502, Tawny-bellied Babbler  Dumetia hyperythra

Revise the range description for subspecies albogularis from “S India (Aravelli Mountains to Western and Eastern Ghats)” to “southern India (Aravalli Mountains to Western and Eastern Ghats)”.

 

page 501, Crescent-chested Babbler  Cyanoderma melanothorax

Revise the range description for subspecies mendeni from “W Java (Mt. Ciremay)” to “western Java (Mt. Ciremai)”.

 

page 496, Gray-sided Scimitar-Babbler  Megapomatorhinus swinhoei

Revise the range description for subspecies abbreviatus from “SE China (s Hunan, Guangxi and n Guandgong)” to “southeastern China (southern Hunan, Guangxi, and northern Guangdong)”.

 

page 505, Brown Babbler  Turdoides plebejus

Revise the range description for subspecies plebejus from “N Nigeria to Cameroon, s Chad and central Sudan (Kardofan)” to “northern Nigeria to Cameroon, southern Chad, and central Sudan (Kurdufan)”.

 

page 491, Black-chinned Laughingthrush  Trochalopteron cachinnans

Change the English name of the monotypic group Trochalopteron cachinnans jerdoni from Black-chinned Laughingthrush (Nilgiri) to Black-chinned Laughingthrush (Banasura), following Praveen and Nameer (2012).

Change the English name of the monotypic group Trochalopteron cachinnans cachinnans from Black-chinned Laughingthrush (Brahmagir) to Black-chinned Laughingthrush (Nilgiri), following Praveen and Nameer (2012).

Reference:

Praveen, J., and P.O. Nameer. 2012. Strophocincla laughingthrushes of south India: a case for allopatric speciation and impact on their conservation. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 109: 46-52.

 

page 491, Kerala Laughingthrush  Trochalopteron fairbanki

Change the English name of the monotypic group Trochalopteron fairbanki fairbanki from Kerala Laughingthrush (Central Kerala) to Kerala Laughingthrush (Palani), following Praveen and Nameer (2012).

Change the English name of the monotypic group Trochalopteron fairbanki meridionale from Kerala Laughingthrush (South Kerala) to Kerala Laughingthrush (Travancore), following Praveen and Nameer (2012).

 

page 441, Southern Hyliota  Hyliota australis

Revise the range description for subspecies inornata from “Angola to s Democratic Republic of the Congo (Shaba), Zambia, Malawi and n Mozambique” to “Angola to southern Democratic Republic of the Congo (Katanga), Zambia, Malawi, and northern Mozambique”.

 

page 449, Dusky-brown Flycatcher  Muscicapa adusta

Revise the range description for subspecies fuscula from “Coastal Transkei to Swaziland, Natal and e Cape Province” to “South Africa (coastal Eastern Cape and Kwazulu-Natal) and eastern Swaziland; partially migratory, some nonbreeders to southern Mozambique”.

Revise the range description for subspecies adusta from “southern South Africa” to “southern and eastern South Africa (southern Western Cape north and east, inland from the range to fuscula, to Mpumalanga and eastern Limpopo) and western Swaziland; partially migratory, some nonbreeders to southern Mozambique”.

 

pages 454-455, White-starred Robin  Pogonocichla stellata

Revise the range description for subspecies pallidiflava from “S Sudan (Imatong Mountains)” to “southeastern South Sudan (Imatong Mountains)”.

 

page 455, Equatorial Akalat  Sheppardia aequatorialis

Revise the range description for subspecies acholiensis from “S Sudan (Imatong Mountains)” to “southeastern South Sudan (Imatong Mountains)”.

 

page 456, Indian Blue Robin  Larvivora brunnea

Revise the range description for subspecies brunnea from “Himalayas (Pakistan to Bhutan and se Tibet); > to Sri Lanka” to “Breeds from northeastern Afghanistan east through the Himalayas to northeastern India and central China; winters primarily in southwestern India and in Sri Lanka”.

 

page 461, Little Forktail  Enicurus scouleri

Revise the range description of nominate scouleri from “Mountains of se Russia to the Himalayas, n India and sw China” to “mountains of eastern Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyztan, and northeastern Afghanistan to the Himalayas, northern India, southwestern China, and northern Indochina”.

 

pages 450-452, 454, genus Ficedula

The sequence of species of Ficedula flycatchers is revised, following Moyle et al. (2015). The sequence of species that we adapt is as follows:

Korean Flycatcher Ficedula zanthopygia

Green-backed Flycatcher Ficedula elisae

Narcissus Flycatcher Ficedula narcissina

Mugimaki Flycatcher Ficedula mugimaki

Slaty-backed Flycatcher Ficedula sordida

Black-and-rufous Flycatcher Ficedula nigrorufa

Slaty-blue Flycatcher Ficedula tricolor

Snowy-browed Flycatcher Ficedula hyperythra

Pygmy Blue-Flycatcher Ficedula hodgsoni

Rufous-gorgeted Flycatcher Ficedula strophiata

Sapphire Flycatcher Ficedula sapphira

Little Pied Flycatcher Ficedula westermanni

Ultramarine Flycatcher Ficedula superciliaris

Taiga Flycatcher Ficedula albicilla

Kashmir Flycatcher Ficedula subrubra

Red-breasted Flycatcher Ficedula parva

Semicollared Flycatcher Ficedula semitorquata

European Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca

Atlas Flycatcher Ficedula speculigera

Collared Flycatcher Ficedula albicollis

Tanimbar Flycatcher Ficedula riedeli

Rufous-chested Flycatcher Ficedula dumetoria

Palawan Flycatcher Ficedula platenae

Furtive Flycatcher Ficedula disposita

Rufous-throated Flycatcher Ficedula rufigula

Damar Flycatcher Ficedula henrici

Cinnamon-chested Flycatcher Ficedula buruensis

Lompobattang Flycatcher Ficedula bonthaina

Sumba Flycatcher Ficedula harterti

Black-banded Flycatcher Ficedula timorensis

Little Slaty Flycatcher Ficedula basilanica

Russet-tailed Flycatcher Ficedula crypta

Bundok Flycatcher Ficedula luzoniensis

Reference:

Moyle, R.G., P.A. Hosner, A.W. Jones, and D.C. Outlaw. 2015. Phylogeny and biogeography of Ficedula flycatchers (Aves: Muscicapidae): novel results from fresh source material. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 82: 87–94.

 

page 450, Slaty-backed Flycatcher  Ficedula hodgsoni

With the transfer of Pygmy Blue-Flycatcher (Ficedula [Muscicapella] hodgsoni) to Ficedula, the name Ficedula hodgsoni for Slaty-backed Flycatcher is preoccupied; change the scientific name of this species to the next available name, Ficedula sordida (Zuccon 2011).

Reference:

Zuccon, D. 2011. Taxonomic notes on some Muscicapidae. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 131: 196-199.

 

page 454, Pygmy Blue-Flycatcher  Muscicapella hodgsoni

Pygmy Blue-Flycatcher properly belongs in the genus Ficedula, and not in the monotypic genus Muscicapella (Outlaw and Voelker 2006, Zuccon and Ericson 2010, Moyle et al. 2015). Change the scientific name of Pygmy Blue-Flycatcher from Muscicapella hodgsoni to Fidedula hodgsoni.

References:

Moyle, R.G., P.A. Hosner, A.W. Jones, and D.C. Outlaw. 2015. Phylogeny and biogeography of Ficedula flycatchers (Aves: Muscicapidae): Novel results from fresh source material. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 82: 87–94.

Outlaw, D.C., and G. Voelker. 2006. Systematics of Ficedula flycatchers (Muscicapidae): a molecular reassessment of a taxonomic enigma. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 41: 118–126.

Zuccon, D., and P.G.P. Ericson. 2010. A multi-gene phylogeny disentangles the chat-flycatcher complex (Aves: Muscicapidae). Zoologica Scripta 39: 213–224.

 

pages 450-451, Bundok Flycatcher  Ficedula luzoniensis

Subspecies mindorensis is merged with nominate luzoniensis (Dickinson et al. 1991). Revise the range description for luzoniensis from “Luzon (n Philippines)” to “Luzon and Mindoro (Philippines)”

Add a previously overlooked subspecies, matutumensis Kennedy 1987, with range “Mt. Busa and Mt. Matutum, south central Mindanao (Philippines)” (Kennedy et al. 2000). Position matutumensis immediately following subspecies montigena.

References:

Dickinson, E.C., R.S. Kennedy, and K.C. Parkes. 1991. The birds of the Philippines. An annotated check-list. British Ornithologists’ Union Check-list number 12. British Ornithologists’ Union, London.

Kennedy, R.S. 1987. New subspecies of Dryocopus javensis (Aves: Picidae) and Ficedula hyperythra (Aves: Muscicapidae) from the Philippines. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 100: 40-43.

Kennedy, R.S., P.C. Gonzales, E.C. Dickinson, H.C. Miranda, Jr., and T.H. Fisher. 2000. A guide to the birds of the Philippines. Oxford University Press, New York and Oxford, United Kingdom.

 

page 462, Siberian Stonechat  Saxicola maurus

Change the scientific name of the subspecies of Siberian Stonechat that occurs from Azerbaijan to Ukraine from variegatus to hemprichii (Svensson et al. 2012). Subspecies hemprichii is also recognized as a monotypic group.

Change the scientific name of the subspecies of Siberian Stonechat that occurs from Turkey to Iran from armenicus to variegatus (Svensson et al. 2012). As described above, note that the name variegatus previously was applied to a different subspecies, one that occurs from Azerbaijan to Ukraine (Svensson et al. 2012).

References:

Svensson, L., H. Shirihai, S. Frahnert, and E.C. Dickinson. 2012. Taxonomy and nomenclature of the Stonechat complex Saxicola torquatus sensu lato in the Caspian region. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 132: 260-269.

 

page 466, Mocking Cliff-Chat  Thamnolaea cinnamomeiventris

Correct a typographic error in the range description for subspecies cinnamomeiventris: change “centrral” to “central”.

 

page 465, Blackstart  Cercomela melanura

Revise the range description for subspecies airensis from “E Niger (Aïr Massif) to Chad and w Sudan (Kordafan)” to “eastern Niger (Aïr Massif) to Chad and central Sudan (Kurdufan)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies aussae from “E Ethiopia (Donakil Depression), Djibouti and adjacent Somalia” to “eastern Ethiopia (Danakil Depression), Djibouti, and adjacent Somalia”.

 

page 403, Abyssinian Ground-Thrush  Geokichla piaggiae

Revise the range description for subspecies hadii from “SE Sudan (Imatong and Dongotona mountains)” to “southeastern South Sudan (Imatong and Dongotona mountains)”.

 

page 404, Scaly Thrush  Zoothera dauma

Delete subspecies hancii, which is a junior synonym of nominate aurea (White’s Thrush Zoothera aurea) (Mees 1977). (Note the eBird/Clements Checklist v2015 mistakenly refers to hancii as a synonym of nominate dauma). Revise the range of nominate dauma from “Pakistan to Myanmar, s China and Thailand; winters to s India” to “breeds northern Pakistan east to northeastern India, southern China, and northern Indochina; winters northern South Asia and continental southeastern Asia”.

Reference:

Mees, G.F. 1977. Additional records of birds from Formosa (Taiwan). Zoologische Mededelingen 51: 243-264.

 

page 404, Russet-tailed Thrush  Zoothera heinei

Revise the range description for subspecies eichhorni from “St. Matthias I. (Bismarck Archipelago)” to “Mussau, St. Matthias Islands (Bismarck Archipelago)”.

 

page 406, Orange-billed Nightingale-Thrush  Catharus aurantiirostris

Change the names of the northernmost group from Orange-billed Nightingale-Thrush (Orange-billed) Catharus aurantiirostris [aurantiirostris Group] to Orange-billed Nightingale-Thrush (Brown-headed) Catharus aurantiirostris [melpomene Group].

 

page 407, Bicknell’s Thrush  Catharus bicknelli

Revise the range description from “Newfoundland and adj. Canada to ne US; winters in Hispaniola” to “breeds in eastern Canada (eastern Quebec, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick) and adjacent United States (eastern New York, Vermont, New Hampshire, and Maine); primarily winters on Hispaniola (Dominican Republic), and locally on eastern Cuba, eastern Jamaica, and eastern Puerto Rico”.

 

page 407, Hermit Thrush  Catharus guttatus

Change the English name of the group Catharus guttatus [guttatus Group] from Hermit Thrush (Western lowlands) to Hermit Thrush (guttatus Group).

Change the English name of the group Catharus guttatus [auduboni Group] from Hermit Thrush (Western mountains) to Hermit Thrush (auduboni Group).

Change the English name of the group Catharus guttatus faxoni/crymophilus from Hermit Thrush (Northern/Eastern) to Hermit Thrush (faxoni/crymophilus).

Thiese are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 408, African Thrush  Turdus pelios

Subspecies bocagei, previously assigned to the group African Thrush (Orange-bellied) Turdus pelios stormsi/graueri, properly belongs in the group African Thrush (African) Turdus pelios [pelios Group].

Subspecies graueri, previously assigned to the group African Thrush (African) Turdus pelios [pelios Group], properly belongs in the group African Thrush (Orange-bellied) Turdus pelios stormsi/graueri.

Revise the range description for subspecies stormsi from “SE Democratic Republic of the Congo (Shaba) to ne Angola and nw Zambia” to “northeastern Angola, southeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (Katanga), and northwestern Zambia”.

 

page 409, Island Thrush  Turdus poliocephalus

Change the English name of the monotypic group Turdus poliocephalus kelleri from Island Thrush (Keller’s) to Island Thrush (Apo).

Change the English name of the monotypic group Turdus poliocephalus celebensis from Island Thrush (Celeb) to Island Thrush (Lompobattang).

Change the English name of the polytypic group Turdus poliocephalus [heinrothi Group] from Island Thrush (Australasian) to Island Thrush (North Melanesian).

Revise the range description for subspecies pritzbueri from “Loyalty Islands (Tanna and Lifu)” to “Vanuatu (Tanna; the thrush on Futuna probably also is this subspecies) and Loyalty Islands (Lifou, where probably extinct)”.

Change the English name of the monotypic group Turdus poliocephalus layardi from Island Thrush (Layard’s) to Island Thrush (Viti Levu).

Change the English name of the monotypic group Turdus poliocephalus vitiensisi from Island Thrush (Viti) to Island Thrush (Vanua Levu).

Revise the range description for subspecies hades from “Ngau (Fiji)” to “Fiji (Gau)”.

Change the English name of the monotypic group Turdus poliocephalus tempesti from Island Thrush (Tempest) to Island Thrush (Taveuni).

 

page 413, American Robin  Turdus migratorius

Change the English name of the group Turdus migratorius nigrideus from American Robin (Newfoundland) to American Robin (nigrideus). This is part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

The polytypic groups American Robin (Eastern) Turdus migratorius migratorius/achrusterus and American Robin (Western) Turdus migratorius [propinquus Group] are merged, as these two groups are not field identifiable. The combined group takes the English name American Robin (migratorius Group) and the scientific name Turdus migratorius [migratorius Group].

 

page 410, Red-legged Thrush  Turdus plumbeus

Change the English name of the group Turdus plumbeus plumbeus/schistaceus from Red-legged Thrush (Western) to Red-legged Thrush (plumbeus/schistaceus).

Change the English name of the group Turdus plumbeus rubripes/coryi from Red-legged Thrush (West Cuban) to Red-legged Thrush (rubripes/coryi).

Change the English name of the group Turdus plumbeus ardosiaceus/albiventris from Red-legged Thrush (Eastern) to Red-legged Thrush (ardosiaceus/albiventris).

These are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 399, Curve-billed Thrasher  Toxostoma curvirostre

Change the English name of the group Toxostoma curvirostre [curvirostre Group] from Curve-billed Thrasher (Eastern) to Curve-billed Thrasher (curvirostre Group).

Change the English name of the group Toxostoma curvirostre [palmeri Group] from Curve-billed Thrasher (Western) to Curve-billed Thrasher (palmeri Group).

These are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 397, Tropical Mockingbird  Mimus gilvus

Revise the range description for subspecies rostratus from “Netherlands Antilles and adjacent islands off n coast of Venezuela” to “Aruba, Curaçao, Bonaire, and adjacent islands off the north coast of Venezuela”.

 

pages 532-533, 596-601, 701, Starlings  Sturnidae

The sequence of genera and species of starlings and mynahs (Sturnidae) is revised, based on Lovette and Rubenstein (2007), Lovette et al. (2008), and Zuccon et al. (2008). The sequence of species that we adopt is as follows:

Stripe-sided Rhabdornis Rhabdornis mystacalis

Long-billed Rhabdornis Rhabdornis grandis

Stripe-breasted Rhabdornis Rhabdornis inornatus

Visayan Rhabdornis Rhabdornis rabori

Fiery-browed Myna Enodes erythrophris

Finch-billed Myna Scissirostrum dubium

Metallic Starling Aplonis metallica

Yellow-eyed Starling Aplonis mystacea

Tanimbar Starling Aplonis crassa

Atoll Starling Aplonis feadensis

Rennell Starling Aplonis insularis

Long-tailed Starling Aplonis magna

White-eyed Starling Aplonis brunneicapillus

Brown-winged Starling Aplonis grandis

Makira Starling Aplonis dichroa

Rusty-winged Starling Aplonis zelandica

Striated Starling Aplonis striata

Pohnpei Starling Aplonis pelzelni

Singing Starling Aplonis cantoroides

Mountain Starling Aplonis santovestris

Asian Glossy Starling Aplonis panayensis

Moluccan Starling Aplonis mysolensis

Short-tailed Starling Aplonis minor

Micronesian Starling Aplonis opaca

Polynesian Starling Aplonis tabuensis

Samoan Starling Aplonis atrifusca

Kosrae Starling Aplonis corvina

Rarotonga Starling Aplonis cinerascens

Mysterious Starling Aplonis mavornata

Norfolk Starling Aplonis fusca

Sulawesi Myna Basilornis celebensis

Helmeted Myna Basilornis galeatus

Long-crested Myna Basilornis corythaix

Apo Myna Goodfellowia miranda

Coleto Sarcops calvus

White-necked Myna Streptocitta albicollis

Bare-eyed Myna Streptocitta albertinae

Yellow-faced Myna Mino dumontii

Golden Myna Mino anais

Long-tailed Myna Mino kreffti

Golden-crested Myna Ampeliceps coronatus

Sri Lanka Myna Gracula ptilogenys

Common Hill Myna Gracula religiosa

Southern Hill Myna Gracula indica

Enggano Myna Gracula enganensis

Nias Myna Gracula robusta

European Starling Sturnus vulgaris

Spotless Starling Sturnus unicolor

Wattled Starling Creatophora cinerea

Rosy Starling Pastor roseus

Daurian Starling Agropsar sturninus

Chestnut-cheeked Starling Agropsar philippensis

Black-collared Starling Gracupica nigricollis

Asian Pied Starling Gracupica contra

White-faced Starling Sturnornis albofrontatus

Bali Myna Leucopsar rothschildi

Rodrigues Starling Necropsar rodericanus

Reunion Starling Fregilupus varius

White-shouldered Starling Sturnia sinensis

Brahminy Starling Sturnia pagodarum

Chestnut-tailed Starling Sturnia malabarica

Malabar Starling Sturnia blythii

White-headed Starling Sturnia erythropygia

Red-billed Starling Spodiopsar sericeus

White-cheeked Starling Spodiopsar cineraceus

Common Myna Acridotheres tristis

Bank Myna Acridotheres ginginianus

Vinous-breasted Starling Acridotheres burmannicus

Black-winged Starling Acridotheres melanopterus

Jungle Myna Acridotheres fuscus

Javan Myna Acridotheres javanicus

Pale-bellied Myna Acridotheres cinereus

Collared Myna Acridotheres albocinctus

Great Myna Acridotheres grandis

Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus

Madagascar Starling Hartlaubius auratus

Violet-backed Starling Cinnyricinclus leucogaster

Slender-billed Starling Onychognathus tenuirostris

Pale-winged Starling Onychognathus nabouroup

Neumann’s Starling Onychognathus neumanni

Red-winged Starling Onychognathus morio

Chestnut-winged Starling Onychognathus fulgidus

Waller’s Starling Onychognathus walleri

Tristram’s Starling Onychognathus tristramii

White-billed Starling Onychognathus albirostris

Bristle-crowned Starling Onychognathus salvadorii

Somali Starling Onychognathus blythii

Socotra Starling Onychognathus frater

Spot-winged Starling Saroglossa spiloptera

Babbling Starling Neocichla gutturalis

White-collared Starling Grafisia torquata

Magpie Starling Speculipastor bicolor

Sharpe’s Starling Pholia sharpii

Abbott’s Starling Poeoptera femoralis

Narrow-tailed Starling Poeoptera lugubris

Stuhlmann’s Starling Poeoptera stuhlmanni

Kenrick’s Starling Poeoptera kenricki

Black-bellied Starling Notopholia corrusca

Purple-headed Starling Hylopsar purpureiceps

Copper-tailed Starling Hylopsar cupreocauda

Hildebrandt’s Starling Lamprotornis hildebrandti

Shelley’s Starling Lamprotornis shelleyi

Burchell’s Starling Lamprotornis australis

Rueppell’s Starling Lamprotornis purpuroptera

Long-tailed Glossy Starling Lamprotornis caudatus

Meves’s Starling Lamprotornis mevesii

Ashy Starling Lamprotornis unicolor

Splendid Starling Lamprotornis splendidus

Principe Starling Lamprotornis ornatus

Golden-breasted Starling Lamprotornis regius

Superb Starling Lamprotornis superbus

Chestnut-bellied Starling Lamprotornis pulcher

African Pied Starling Lamprotornis bicolor

White-crowned Starling Lamprotornis albicapillus

Fischer’s Starling Lamprotornis fischeri

Lesser Blue-eared Starling Lamprotornis chloropterus

Sharp-tailed Starling Lamprotornis acuticaudus

Greater Blue-eared Starling Lamprotornis chalybaeus

Emerald Starling Lamprotornis iris

Purple Starling Lamprotornis purpureus

Cape Starling Lamprotornis nitens

Bronze-tailed Starling Lamprotornis chalcurus

References:

Lovette, I.J., and D.R. Rubenstein. 2007. A comprehensive molecular phylogeny of the starlings (Aves: Sturnidae) and mockingbirds (Aves: Mimidae): congruent mtDNA and nuclear trees for cosmopolitan avian radiation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 44: 1031–1056.

Lovette, I.J., B.V. McCleery, A.L. Talaba, and D.R. Rubenstein. 2008. A complete species-level molecular phylogeny for the “Eurasian” starlings (Sturnidae: Sturnus, Acridotheres, and allies): recent diversification in a highly social and dispersive avian group. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 47: 251–260.

Zuccon, D., E. Pasquet, and P.G.P. Ericson. 2008. Phylogenetic relationships among Palearctic–Oriental starlings and mynas (genera Sturnus and Acridotheres: Sturnidae). Zoologica Scripta 37: 469–481.

 

page 597, Apo Myna  Basilornis mirandus

Apo Myna apparently is not congeneric with Basilornis mynas (as represented by Sulawesi Myna Basilornis celebensis; Lovette and Rubenstein 2007), and is transferred to the monotypic genus Goodfellowia. Change the scientific name of Apo Myna from Basilornis mirandus to Goodfellowia miranda.

Reference:

Lovette, I.J., and D.R. Rubenstein. 2007. A comprehensive molecular phylogeny of the starlings (Aves: Sturnidae) and mockingbirds (Aves: Mimidae): congruent mtDNA and nuclear trees for cosmopolitan avian radiation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 44: 1031–1056.

 

page 599, Daurian Starling  Sturnia sturnina

Change the scientific name of Daurian Starling from Sturnia sturnina to Agropsar sturninus (Lovette et al. 2008, Zuccon et al. 2008).

References:

Lovette, I.J., B.V. McCleery, A.L. Talaba, and D.R. Rubenstein. 2008. A complete species-level molecular phylogeny for the “Eurasian” starlings (Sturnidae: Sturnus, Acridotheres, and allies): recent diversification in a highly social and dispersive avian group. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 47: 251–260.

Zuccon, D., E. Pasquet, and P.G.P. Ericson. 2008. Phylogenetic relationships among Palearctic–Oriental starlings and mynas (genera Sturnus and Acridotheres: Sturnidae). Zoologica Scripta 37: 469–481.

 

page 599, Chestnut-cheeked Starling  Sturnia philippensis

Change the scientific name of Chestnut-cheeked Starling from Sturnia philippensis to Agropsar philippensis (Lovette et al. 2008, Zuccon et al. 2008).

References:

Lovette, I.J., B.V. McCleery, A.L. Talaba, and D.R. Rubenstein. 2008. A complete species-level molecular phylogeny for the “Eurasian” starlings (Sturnidae: Sturnus, Acridotheres, and allies): recent diversification in a highly social and dispersive avian group. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 47: 251–260.

Zuccon, D., E. Pasquet, and P.G.P. Ericson. 2008. Phylogenetic relationships among Palearctic–Oriental starlings and mynas (genera Sturnus and Acridotheres: Sturnidae). Zoologica Scripta 37: 469–481.

 

page 599, White-faced Starling  Sturnia albofrontata

Change the scientific name of White-faced Starling from Sturnia albofrontata to Sturnornis albofrontatus (Lovette et al. 2008, Zuccon et al. 2008).

References:

Lovette, I.J., B.V. McCleery, A.L. Talaba, and D.R. Rubenstein. 2008. A complete species-level molecular phylogeny for the “Eurasian” starlings (Sturnidae: Sturnus, Acridotheres, and allies): recent diversification in a highly social and dispersive avian group. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 47: 251–260.

Zuccon, D., E. Pasquet, and P.G.P. Ericson. 2008. Phylogenetic relationships among Palearctic–Oriental starlings and mynas (genera Sturnus and Acridotheres: Sturnidae). Zoologica Scripta 37: 469–481.

 

page 599, Brahminy Starling  Temenuchus pagodarum

Change the scientific name of Brahminy Starling from Temenuchus pagodarum to Sturnia pagodarum (Zuccon et al. 2008).

Reference:

Zuccon, D., E. Pasquet, and P.G.P. Ericson. 2008. Phylogenetic relationships among Palearctic–Oriental starlings and mynas (genera Sturnus and Acridotheres: Sturnidae). Zoologica Scripta 37: 469–481.

 

page 599, Red-billed Starling  Sturnus sericeus

Change the scientific name of Red-billed Starling from Sturnus sericeus to Spodiopsar sericeus (Lovette et al. 2008, Zuccon et al. 2008).

References:

Lovette, I.J., B.V. McCleery, A.L. Talaba, and D.R. Rubenstein. 2008. A complete species-level molecular phylogeny for the “Eurasian” starlings (Sturnidae: Sturnus, Acridotheres, and allies): recent diversification in a highly social and dispersive avian group. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 47: 251–260.

Zuccon, D., E. Pasquet, and P.G.P. Ericson. 2008. Phylogenetic relationships among Palearctic–Oriental starlings and mynas (genera Sturnus and Acridotheres: Sturnidae). Zoologica Scripta 37: 469–481.

 

page 599, White-cheeked Starling  Sturnus cineraceus

Change the scientific name of White-cheeked Starling from Sturnus cineraceus to Spodiopsar cineraceus (Lovette et al. 2008, Zuccon et al. 2008).

References:

Lovette, I.J., B.V. McCleery, A.L. Talaba, and D.R. Rubenstein. 2008. A complete species-level molecular phylogeny for the “Eurasian” starlings (Sturnidae: Sturnus, Acridotheres, and allies): recent diversification in a highly social and dispersive avian group. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 47: 251–260.

Zuccon, D., E. Pasquet, and P.G.P. Ericson. 2008. Phylogenetic relationships among Palearctic–Oriental starlings and mynas (genera Sturnus and Acridotheres: Sturnidae). Zoologica Scripta 37: 469–481.

 

page 598, Madagascar Starling  Saroglossa aurata

Madagascar Starling is not congeneric with Spot-winged Starling Saroglossa spiloptera (Lovette and Rubenstein 2007). Change the scientific name of Madagascar Starling from Saroglossa aurata to Hartlaubius auratus.

Reference:

Lovette, I.J., and D.R. Rubenstein. 2007. A comprehensive molecular phylogeny of the starlings (Aves: Sturnidae) and mockingbirds (Aves: Mimidae): congruent mtDNA and nuclear trees for cosmopolitan avian radiation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 44: 1031–1056.

 

page 601, Abbott’s Starling  Pholia femoralis

Change the scientific name of Abbott’s Starling from Pholia femoralis to Poeoptera femoralis (Lovette and Rubenstein 20007).

Reference:

Lovette, I.J., and D.R. Rubenstein. 2007. A comprehensive molecular phylogeny of the starlings (Aves: Sturnidae) and mockingbirds (Aves: Mimidae): congruent mtDNA and nuclear trees for cosmopolitan avian radiation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 44: 1031–1056.

 

page 600, Black-bellied Glossy-Starling  Lamprotornis corruscus

Change the English name of Lamprotornis corruscus from Black-bellied Glossy-Starling to Black-bellied Starling (African Bird Club 2010). As the traditional genus Lamprotornis is not monophyletic, also change the scientific name of Black-bellied Starling from Lamprotornis corruscus to Notopholia corrusca (Lovette and Rubenstein 2007).

Change the spelling of the nominate subspecies from corruscus to corrusca.

References:

African Bird Club. 2010. African Bird Club checklist (compiled by Peter Lack). Version of March 2010. African Bird Club, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

Lovette, I.J., and D.R. Rubenstein. 2007. A comprehensive molecular phylogeny of the starlings (Aves: Sturnidae) and mockingbirds (Aves: Mimidae): congruent mtDNA and nuclear trees for cosmopolitan avian radiation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 44: 1031–1056.

 

page 600, Purple-headed Glossy-Starling  Lamprotornis purpureiceps

Change the English name of Lamprotornis purpureiceps from Purple-headed Glossy-Starling to Purple-headed Starling (African Bird Club 2010). As the traditional genus Lamprotornis is not monophyletic, also change the scientific name of Purple-headed Starling from Lamprotornis purpureiceps to Hylopsar purpureiceps (Lovette and Rubenstein 2007).

References:

African Bird Club. 2010. African Bird Club checklist (compiled by Peter Lack). Version of March 2010. African Bird Club, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

Lovette, I.J., and D.R. Rubenstein. 2007. A comprehensive molecular phylogeny of the starlings (Aves: Sturnidae) and mockingbirds (Aves: Mimidae): congruent mtDNA and nuclear trees for cosmopolitan avian radiation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 44: 1031–1056.

 

page 600, Copper-tailed Glossy-Starling  Lamprotornis cupreocauda

Change the English name of Lamprotornis cupreocauda from Copper-tailed Glossy-Starling to Copper-tailed Starling (African Bird Club 2010).  As the traditional genus Lamprotornis is not monophyletic, also change the scientific name of Copper-tailed Starling from Lamprotornis cupreocauda to Hylopsar cupreocauda (Lovette and Rubenstein 2007).

References:

African Bird Club. 2010. African Bird Club checklist (compiled by Peter Lack). Version of March 2010. African Bird Club, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

Lovette, I.J., and D.R. Rubenstein. 2007. A comprehensive molecular phylogeny of the starlings (Aves: Sturnidae) and mockingbirds (Aves: Mimidae): congruent mtDNA and nuclear trees for cosmopolitan avian radiation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 44: 1031–1056.

 

page 600, Burchell’s Glossy-Starling  Lamprotornis australis

Change the English name of Lamprotornis australis from Burchell’s Glossy-Starling to Burchell’s Starling (African Bird Club 2010).

Reference:

African Bird Club. 2010. African Bird Club checklist (compiled by Peter Lack). Version of March 2010. African Bird Club, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

 

page 600, Rueppell’s Glossy-Starling  Lamprotornis purpuroptera

Change the English name of Lamprotornis purpuroptera from Rueppell’s Glossy-Starling to Rueppell’s Starling (African Bird Club 2010).

 

page 600, Long-tailed Glossy-Starling  Lamprotornis caudatus

Delete the hyphen from the group name “Glossy-Starling” for Lamprotornis caudatus, as it is not related to Asian Glossy Starling Aplonis panayensis; change Long-tailed Glossy-Starling to Long-tailed Glossy Starling.

 

page 600, Meves’s Glossy-Starling  Lamprotornis mevesii

Change the English name of Lamprotornis mevesii from Meves’s Glossy-Starling to Meves’s Starling (African Bird Club 2010).

Change the English name of the polytypic group Lamprotornis mevesii mevesii/violacior from Meves’s Glossy-Starling (Meves’s) to Meves’s Starling (Meves’s).

Change the English name of the monotypic group Lamprotornis mevesii benguelensis from Meves’s Glossy-Starling (Benguela) to Meves’s Starling (Benguela).

Reference:

African Bird Club. 2010. African Bird Club checklist (compiled by Peter Lack). Version of March 2010. African Bird Club, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

 

page 601, Ashy Starling  Spreo unicolor

The genus Spreo is embedded within the genus Lamprotornis (Lovette and Rubenstein 2007); consequently, change the scientific name of Ashy Starling from Spreo unicolor to Lamprotornis unicolor.

Reference:

Lovette, I.J., and D.R. Rubenstein. 2007. A comprehensive molecular phylogeny of the starlings (Aves: Sturnidae) and mockingbirds (Aves: Mimidae): congruent mtDNA and nuclear trees for cosmopolitan avian radiation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 44: 1031–1056.

 

page 600, Splendid Glossy-Starling  Lamprotornis splendidus

Change the English name of Lamprotornis splendidus from Splendid Glossy-Starling to Splendid Starling (African Bird Club 2010).

Reference:

African Bird Club. 2010. African Bird Club checklist (compiled by Peter Lack). Version of March 2010. African Bird Club, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

 

page 600, Principe Glossy-Starling  Lamprotornis ornatus

Change the English name of Lamprotornis ornatus from Principe Glossy-Starling to Principe Starling (African Bird Club 2010).

Reference:

African Bird Club. 2010. African Bird Club checklist (compiled by Peter Lack). Version of March 2010. African Bird Club, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

 

page 600, African Pied Starling  Spreo bicolor

The genus Spreo is embedded within the genus Lamprotornis (Lovette and Rubenstein 2007); consequently, change the scientific name of African Pied Starling from Spreo bicolor to Lamprotornis bicolor.

Reference:

Lovette, I.J., and D.R. Rubenstein. 2007. A comprehensive molecular phylogeny of the starlings (Aves: Sturnidae) and mockingbirds (Aves: Mimidae): congruent mtDNA and nuclear trees for cosmopolitan avian radiation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 44: 1031–1056.

 

page 601, Fischer’s Starling  Spreo fischeri

The genus Spreo is embedded within the genus Lamprotornis (Lovette and Rubenstein 2007); consequently, change the scientific name of Fischer’s Starling from Spreo fischeri to Lamprotornis fischeri.

Reference:

Lovette, I.J., and D.R. Rubenstein. 2007. A comprehensive molecular phylogeny of the starlings (Aves: Sturnidae) and mockingbirds (Aves: Mimidae): congruent mtDNA and nuclear trees for cosmopolitan avian radiation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 44: 1031–1056.

 

page 599, Lesser Blue-eared Glossy-Starling  Lamprotornis chloropterus

Change the English name of Lamprotornis chloropterus from Lesser Blue-eared Glossy-Starling to Lesser Blue-eared Starling (African Bird Club 2010).

Change the English name of the monotypic group Lamprotornis chloropterus chloropterus from Lesser Blue-eared Glossy-Starling (Lesser) to Lesser Blue-eared Starling (Lesser).

Change the English name of the monotypic group Lamprotornis chloropterus elisabeth from Lesser Blue-eared Glossy-Starling (Miombo) to Lesser Blue-eared Starling (Miombo).

Reference:

African Bird Club. 2010. African Bird Club checklist (compiled by Peter Lack). Version of March 2010. African Bird Club, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

 

page 600, Sharp-tailed Glossy-Starling  Lamprotornis acuticaudus

Change the English name of Lamprotornis acuticaudus from Sharp-tailed Glossy-Starling to Sharp-tailed Starling (African Bird Club 2010).

Reference:

African Bird Club. 2010. African Bird Club checklist (compiled by Peter Lack). Version of March 2010. African Bird Club, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

 

page 599, Greater Blue-eared Glossy-Starling  Lamprotornis chalybaeus

Change the English name of Lamprotornis chalybaeus from Greater Blue-eared Glossy-Starling to Greater Blue-eared Starling (African Bird Club 2010).

Reference:

African Bird Club. 2010. African Bird Club checklist (compiled by Peter Lack). Version of March 2010. African Bird Club, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

 

page 600, Purple Glossy-Starling  Lamprotornis purpureus

Change the English name of Lamprotornis purpureus from Purple Glossy-Starling to Purple Starling (African Bird Club 2010).

Reference:

African Bird Club. 2010. African Bird Club checklist (compiled by Peter Lack). Version of March 2010. African Bird Club, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

 

page 599, Cape Glossy-Starling  Lamprotornis nitens

Change the English name of Lamprotornis nitens from Cape Glossy-Starling to Cape Starling (African Bird Club 2010).

Reference:

African Bird Club. 2010. African Bird Club checklist (compiled by Peter Lack). Version of March 2010. African Bird Club, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

 

page 600, Bronze-tailed Glossy-Starling  Lamprotornis chalcurus

Change the English name of Lamprotornis chalcurus from Bronze-tailed Glossy-Starling to Bronze-tailed Starling (African Bird Club 2010).

Reference:

African Bird Club. 2010. African Bird Club checklist (compiled by Peter Lack). Version of March 2010. African Bird Club, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

 

page 536, Eastern Olive Sunbird  Cyanomitra olivacea

Correct a typo, and revise the range description for subspecies olivacina from “Coastal s Tanzania to s Mozambique and ne Kawzulu-Natal” to “coastal southern Tanzania to southern Mozambique and northeastern South Africa (northeastern KwaZulu-Natal)”.

 

page 400, Alpine Accentor  Prunella collaris

Revise the range description for subspecies collaris from “Mts. of Europe to Carpathians, n Yugoslavia and nw Africa” to “northwestern Africa; mountains of western and central Europe, south to Italy, Slovenia, and northeastern Serbia, and east to the Carpathian Mountains”.

 

page 400, Black-throated Accentor  Prunella atrogularis

Revise the range description for subspecies huttoni from “Russian Altai (Dzhungarski Mts.); winters to Pakistan, ne India” to “breeds central Asia, from south central Russia (Altai Mountains) and western China to Tajakistan; winters to Pakistan, northeastern India”.

 

page 400, Dunnock  Prunella modularis

Revise the range description for subspecies meinertzhageni from “S Yugoslavia and Bulgaria” to “west central Balkans and Bulgaria”.

 

page 367, Forest Wagtail  Dendronanthus indicus

Reposition Forest Wagtail to the head of Motacillidae (Wagtails and Pipits), immediately following Maroon-backed Accentor (Prunella immaculata).

 

page 436, Sao Tome Short-tail  Amaurocichla bocagii

Previously (Clements 6.6, 2011) we transferred this species to the Motacillidae. More recent genetic evidence suggests that Sao Tome Short-tail is embedded within the wagtail genus Motacilla (Alström et al. 2015a). Pending a comprehensive phylogenetic and nomenclatural revision of Motacillidae, we reposition the short-tail to immediately precede wagtails Motacilla.

Reference:

Alström, P., K.A. Jønsson,J. Fjeldså, A. Ödeen, P.G.P. Ericson, and M. Irestedt. 2015a. Dramatic niche shifts and morphological change in two insular bird species. Royal Society Open Science 2: 140364.

 

page 367, Western Yellow Wagtail  Motacilla flava

The monotypic groups Western Yellow Wagtail (Yellow) Motacilla flava flavissima and

Western Yellow Wagtail (Yellow-headed) Motacilla flava lutea are not reliably separable in the field and are merged into a new polytypic group, Western Yellow Wagtail (lutea/flavissima) Motacilla flava flavissima/lutea.

 

page 367, White-browed Wagtail  Motacilla madaraspatensis

Correct the spelling of the species name from madaraspatensis to maderaspatensis (Dickinson and Christidis 2014).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 363, Oriental Pipit  Anthus rufulus

Change the English name of Anthus rufulus from Oriental Pipit to Paddyfield Pipit (Inskipp et al. 1996, Alström and Mild 2003).

References:

Alström, P. and K. Mild. 2003. Pipits and wagtails. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Inskipp, T., N. Lindsey, and W. Duckworth. 1996. An annotated checklist of the birds of the Oriental Region. Oriental Bird Club, Sandy, Bedfordshire, United Kingdom.

 

page 363, Woodland Pipit  Anthus nyassae

Revise the range description for subspecies schoutedeni from “SE Gabon and s PRCongo to s DRCongo and s Angola” to “southeastern Gabon and southern Republic of Congo to southern Democratic Republic of the Congo and southern Angola”.

 

page 366, American Pipit  Anthus rubescens

Change the English name of the group Anthus rubescens japonicus from American Pipit (Siberian) to American Pipit (japonicus).

Change the English name of the group Anthus rubescens rubescens/pacificus from American Pipit (American) to American Pipit (rubescens/pacificus).

Change the English name of the group Anthus rubescens alticola from American Pipit (Western montane) to American Pipit (alticola).

These are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 639, Blue-winged Warbler  Vermivora cyanoptera

page 639, Golden-winged Warbler  Vermivora chrysoptera

Swap the positions of Blue-winged and Golden-winged warblers, so that Golden-winged Warbler precedes Blue-winged Warbler. These two are sister species, and so it makes no biological difference which species is listed first; we make this change, however, to follow the sequence adopted by the American Ornithologists’ Union (NACC and SACC).

 

page 639, Nashville Warbler  Oreothlypis ruficapilla

Change the English name of the group Oreothlypis ruficapilla ruficapilla from Nashville Warbler (Eastern) to Nashville Warbler (ruficapilla).

Change the English name of the group Oreothlypis ruficapilla ridgwayi from Nashville Warbler (Western) to Nashville Warbler (ridgwayi).

These are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 643, Masked Yellowthroat  Geothlypis aequinoctialis

Change the English name for the monotypic group Geothlypis aequinoctialis chiriquensis from Masked Yellowthroat (Chiriquí) to Masked Yellowthroat (Chiriqui).

 

page 642, Common Yellowthroat  Geothlypis trichas

Change the English name of the group Geothlypis trichas [arizela Group] from Common Yellowthroat (Pacific) to Common Yellowthroat (arizela Group).

Change the English name of the group Geothlypis trichas [occidentalis Group] from Common Yellowthroat (Western) to Common Yellowthroat (occidentalis Group).

Change the English name of the group Geothlypis trichas [trichas Group] from Common Yellowthroat (Eastern) to Common Yellowthroat (trichas Group).

Change the English name of the group Geothlypis trichas insperata from Common Yellowthroat (Brownsville) to Common Yellowthroat (insperata).

Change the English name of the group Geothlypis trichas chapalensis from Common Yellowthroat (Chapala) to Common Yellowthroat (chapalensis).

These are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 640, Yellow Warbler  Setophaga petechia

Revise the range description for subspecies rufopileata from “Netherlands Antilles (Aruba, Curaçao, Bonaire and adj. islands)” to “Aruba, Curaçao, Bonaire, and adjacent islands”.

 

page 641, Yellow-throated Warbler  Setophaga dominica

Change the English name of the group Setophaga dominica albilora from Yellow-throated Warbler (White-lored) to Yellow-throated Warbler (albilora).

Change the English name of the group Setophaga dominica dominica/stoddardi from Yellow-throated Warbler (Yellow-lored) to Yellow-throated Warbler (dominica/stoddardi).

These are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

pages 645-646, Rufous-capped Warbler  Basileuterus rufifrons

Change the English name of the group Basileuterus rufifrons [rufifrons Group] from Rufous-capped Warbler (North Mexico) to Rufous-capped Warbler (rufifrons Group).

Change the English name of the group Basileuterus rufifrons salvini from Rufous-capped Warbler (South Mexico) to Rufous-capped Warbler (salvini).

These are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 646, Three-striped Warbler  Basileuterus tristriatus

In accord with nomenclatural priority, change the scientific name of the group Three-striped Warbler (Bolivian) from Basileuterus tristriatus [inconspicuus Group] to Basileuterus tristriatus [punctipectus Group].

 

page 643, Wilson’s Warbler  Cardellina pusilla

Change the English name of the group Cardellina pusilla pileolata from Wilson’s Warbler (Mountain West) to Wilson’s Warbler (pileolata).

Change the English name of the group Cardellina pusilla pusilla from Wilson’s Warbler (Eastern) to Wilson’s Warbler (pusilla).

Change the English name of the group Cardellina pusilla chryseola from Wilson’s Warbler (Pacific Coast) to Wilson’s Warbler (chryseola).

These are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 646, Yellow-breasted Chat  Icteria virens

Change the English name of the monotypic group Icteria virens virens from Yellow-breasted Chat (Eastern) to Yellow-breasted Chat (virens).

Change the English name of the monotypic group Icteria virens auricollis from Yellow-breasted Chat (Western) to Yellow-breasted Chat (auricollis).

These are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 648, Cinnamon Tanager  Schistochlamys ruficapillus

Cinnamon Tanager is considered to be monotypic, following Lopes and Gonzaga (2014). Delete subspecies capistrata, sicki, and ruficapillus. Revise the range of Cinnamon Tanager to “eastern Brazil (southern Pará, central Maranhão, and Pernambuco south to Santa Catarina)”.

Reference:

Lopes, L.E., and L.P. Gonzaga. 2014. Morphological variation in the Cinnamon Tanager Schistochlamys ruficapillus (Aves: Thraupidae). Zootaxa 3873: 477-494.

 

page 650, Superciliaried Hemispingus  Hemispingus superciliaris

Revise the range description for subspecies insignis from “Highlands of n Peru (Utcubamba Valley east of Río Marañón)” to “east slope of the Andes of northern and central Peru (Amazonas south to La Libertad)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies leucogastrus from “Temperate Andes of central Peru (Junín)” to “east slope of the Andes of central Peru (Huánuco south to Ayacucho)”.

 

page 653, Gray-headed Tanager  Eucometis penicillata

Change the spelling of the scientific name for the polytypic group Gray-headed Tanager (Gray-crested) from Eucometis penicillata [spodocephala Group] to Eucometis penicillata [spodocephalus Group].

 

page 655, genus Ramphocelus

In accord with NACC (Chesser et al. 2015), the sequence of species in Ramphocelus is revised, following Burns et al. (2014). The sequence of species that we adopt is as follows:

Crimson-collared Tanager Ramphocelus sanguinolentus

Flame-rumped Tanager Ramphocelus flammigerus

Passerini’s Tanager Ramphocelus passerinii

Cherrie’s Tanager Ramphocelus costaricensis

Brazilian Tanager Ramphocelus bresilius

Black-bellied Tanager Ramphocelus melanogaster

Silver-beaked Tanager Ramphocelus carbo

Masked Crimson Tanager Ramphocelus nigrogularis

Crimson-backed Tanager Ramphocelus dimidiatus

References:

Burns, K.J., A.J. Shultz, P.O. Title, N.A. Mason, F.K. Barker, J. Klicka, S.M. Lanyon, and I.J. Lovette. 2014. Phylogenetics and diversification of tanagers (Passeriformes: Thraupidae), the largest radiation of Neotropical songbirds. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 75: 41-77.

Chesser, R.T., R.C. Banks, K.J. Burns, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, A.G. Navarro-Sigüenza, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2015. Fifty-sixth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American birds. Auk 132: 748-764.

 

page 657, Orange-throated Tanager  Wetmorethraupis sterrhopteron

Revise the range description from “N Peru (Marañón Valley) and adjacent s Ecuador” to “Marañón River drainage in southeastern Ecuador (Zamora-Chinchipe) and northern Peru (northern Amazonas)”.

 

page 658, Buff-breasted Mountain-Tangaer  Dubusia taeniata

Revise the range description for subspecies taeniata from “Andes of Colombia to w Venezuela and Ecuador” to “Andes of Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, and extreme northern Peru”.

Revise the range description for the monotypic group Buff-breasted Mountain-Tanager (Cerulean-streaked) Dubusia taeniata stictocephala from “Andes of se Peru (Junín to Cuzco)” to “Andes of Peru (central Amazonas south to Cuzco)”.

 

page 650, Bay-headed Tanager  Tangara gyrola

Revise the range description for subspecies nupera from “Extreme sw Colombia (Nariño) and w Ecuador” to “extreme southwestern Colombia (Nariño), western Ecuador, and extreme northwestern Peru (Tumbes)” (Wiedenfeld et al. 1985).

References:

Wiedenfeld, D.A., T.S. Schulenberg, and M.B. Robbins.  1985. Birds of a tropical deciduous forest in extreme northwestern Peru. Pages 305-315 in P.A. Buckley, M.S. Foster, E.S. Morton, R.S. Ridgely, and F.G. Buckley (editors), Neotropical ornithology. Ornithological Monographs number 36. American Ornithologists’ Union, Washington D.C.

 

page 668, Rufous-backed Inca-Finch  Incaspiza personata

Revise the range description from “Arid Andes of w Peru (upper Marañón Valley drainage)” to “Andes of western Peru (west slope of western Andes in Ancash, and upper Marañón Valley)”.

 

page 669, Gray-winged Inca-Finch  Incaspiza ortizi

Revise the range description from “Arid Andes of w Peru (upper Marañón Valley drainage)” to

“Andes of northern Peru (central Marañón Valley, and very local on west slope of Andes in Cajamarca)”.

 

page 670, Lined Seedeater  Sporophila lineola

Delete the entry for Sporophila lineola ssp, with range “Caatinga of ne Brazil; > to Venezuela and the Guianas” and for nominate lineola, with range “Bolivia to Paraguay, se Brazil and n Argentina; > Amazonia”. Lined Seedeater thus becomes monotypic, with range “Breeds in northeastern Brazil, migrating to Venezuela, the Guinas, and northeastern Amazonian Brazil. Also breeds from southern Bolivia to southern Brazil, south to Paraguay and northern Argentina; migrating to Amazonia. Seasonal status (migrant or resident) in some regions not clear”.

 

page 647, Bananaquit  Coereba flaveola

Revise the range description for subspecies uropygialis from “Netherlands Antilles (Aruba and Curaçao)” to “Aruba and Curaçao”.

Revise the range description for subspecies bonariensis from “Bonaire I. (Netherlands Antilles)” to “Bonaire”.

Revise the range description for subspecies melanornis from “N Venezuela (Cayo Sal off Chiririviche)” to “Cayo Sal (off Chichiriviche, Falcón, northwestern Venezuela)”.

 

pages 672-673, Black-faced Grassquit  Tiaris bicolor

Revise the range description for subspecies sharpei from “Netherlands Antilles (Aruba, Curaçao and Bonaire)” to “Aruba, Curaçao, and Bonaire”.

 

page 673, Greater Antillean Bullfinch  Loxigilla violacea

Revise the range description for subspecies maurella from “Tortue, Gonâve and Saona islands (off Puerto Rico)” to “Tortue and Gonâve Islands (Haiti) and Saona Island (Dominican Republic)”.

 

page 652, Western Chat-Tanager  Calyptophilus tertius

Revise the range description from “Massifs of s Haiti and extreme sw Dominican Republic” to “Hispaniola: mountains of southern Haiti and extreme southwestern Dominican Republic (western Sierra de Bahorucos)”.

 

page 652, Eastern Chat-Tanager  Calyptophilus frugivorus

Revise the range description of subspecies frugivorus from “W Dominican Republic (Benefactor to Sananá)” to “Hispaniola: central Dominican Republic (Cordillera Central); formerly (?) also in lowlands of eastern Dominican Republic”.

Revise the range description of subspecies neibei from “W Dominican Republic (Benefactor to Sananá)” to “Hispaniola: southwestern Dominican Republic (Sierra de Neiba, Sierra Martin Garcia, and eastern Sierra de Bahoroucos; populations in the last two mountain ranges perhaps an undescribed subspecies)”.

Revise the range description of subspecies abbotti from “Gonâve I. (e of Haiti)” to “Hispaniola: Gonâve I. (west coast of Haiti)”.

 

page 655, Western Spindalis  Spindalis zena

Change the English name of the group Spindalis zena zena from Western Spindalis (Southern Bahamas) to Western Spindalis (Bahamas Black-backed).

Change the English name of the group Spindalis zena townsendi from Western Spindalis (Northern Bahamas) to Western Spindalis (Bahamas Green-backed).

These are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 688, Grayish Saltator  Saltator coerulescens

Subspecies plumbeus and brewsteri are removed from the group Grayish Saltator (Grayish) Saltator coerulescens [coerulescens Group] and placed with the group Grayish Saltator (Middle American) Saltator coerulescens [grandis Group].

 

pages 649-650, 664, 676-687, New World Emberizidae  Emberizidae (in part)

The sequence of genera and species among New World Emberizidae, Buntings and New World Sparrows, is revised, in accord with SACC (Proposal 633); this revised sequence follows Klicka et al. (2014). This change has not yet been adopted by NACC, but we are confident that before long NACC will adopt a similar sequence of genera and species for these taxa. Further minor changes in the nomenclature and sequence will need to be made, however, as Klicka et al. (2014) revealed a few taxonomic and nomenclatural issues that remain unresolved: Yellow-green Chlorospingus (Chlorospingus flavovirens) is a tanager (Thraupidae), and does not belong in the genus Chlorospingus, nor in the Emberizidae; the genus Ammodramus is polyphyletic; and the two species of Pselliophorus finches are embedded within the genus Atlapetes. Also note that New World emberizids may merit recognition as a family (Passerellidae) separate from the Old World buntings (true Emberizidae) (e.g., Barker et al. 2013).

The sequence of species that we adopt is as follows:

Tanager Finch Oreothraupis arremonops

Yellow-throated Chlorospingus Chlorospingus flavigularis

Short-billed Chlorospingus Chlorospingus parvirostris

Ashy-throated Chlorospingus Chlorospingus canigularis

Sooty-capped Chlorospingus Chlorospingus pileatus

Common Chlorospingus Chlorospingus flavopectus

Tacarcuna Chlorospingus Chlorospingus tacarcunae

Pirre Chlorospingus Chlorospingus inornatus

Dusky Chlorospingus Chlorospingus semifuscus

Yellow-green Chlorospingus Chlorospingus flavovirens

Tumbes Sparrow Rhynchospiza stolzmanni

Stripe-capped Sparrow Rhynchospiza strigiceps

Rufous-winged Sparrow Peucaea carpalis

Cinnamon-tailed Sparrow Peucaea sumichrasti

Stripe-headed Sparrow Peucaea ruficauda

Black-chested Sparrow Peucaea humeralis

Bridled Sparrow Peucaea mystacalis

Botteri’s Sparrow Peucaea botterii

Cassin’s Sparrow Peucaea cassinii

Bachman’s Sparrow Peucaea aestivalis

Grasshopper Sparrow Ammodramus savannarum

Grassland Sparrow Ammodramus humeralis

Yellow-browed Sparrow Ammodramus aurifrons

Baird’s Sparrow Ammodramus bairdii

Henslow’s Sparrow Ammodramus henslowii

Le Conte’s Sparrow Ammodramus leconteii

Nelson’s Sparrow Ammodramus nelsoni

Saltmarsh Sparrow Ammodramus caudacutus

Seaside Sparrow Ammodramus maritimus

Olive Sparrow Arremonops rufivirgatus

Green-backed Sparrow Arremonops chloronotus

Black-striped Sparrow Arremonops conirostris

Tocuyo Sparrow Arremonops tocuyensis

American Tree Sparrow Spizelloides arborea

Chipping Sparrow Spizella passerina

Clay-colored Sparrow Spizella pallida

Black-chinned Sparrow Spizella atrogularis

Field Sparrow Spizella pusilla

Brewer’s Sparrow Spizella breweri

Worthen’s Sparrow Spizella wortheni

Black-throated Sparrow Amphispiza bilineata

Five-striped Sparrow Amphispiza quinquestriata

Lark Sparrow Chondestes grammacus

Lark Bunting Calamospiza melanocorys

Costa Rican Brushfinch Arremon costaricensis

Sierra Nevada Brushfinch Arremon basilicus

Perija Brushfinch Arremon perijanus

Black-headed Brushfinch Arremon atricapillus

Caracas Brushfinch Arremon phaeopleurus

Paria Brushfinch Arremon phygas

Gray-browed Brushfinch Arremon assimilis

White-browed Brushfinch Arremon torquatus

Orange-billed Sparrow Arremon aurantiirostris

Black-capped Sparrow Arremon abeillei

Golden-winged Sparrow Arremon schlegeli

Pectoral Sparrow Arremon taciturnus

Sao Francisco Sparrow Arremon franciscanus

Half-collared Sparrow Arremon semitorquatus

Saffron-billed Sparrow Arremon flavirostris

Green-striped Brushfinch Arremon virenticeps

Chestnut-capped Brushfinch Arremon brunneinucha

Sooty-faced Finch Arremon crassirostris

Olive Finch Arremon castaneiceps

Fox Sparrow Passerella iliaca

Dark-eyed Junco Junco hyemalis

Guadalupe Junco Junco insularis

Yellow-eyed Junco Junco phaeonotus

Volcano Junco Junco vulcani

Rufous-collared Sparrow Zonotrichia capensis

White-crowned Sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys

Golden-crowned Sparrow Zonotrichia atricapilla

Harris’s Sparrow Zonotrichia querula

White-throated Sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis

Sagebrush Sparrow Artemisiospiza nevadensis

Bell’s Sparrow Artemisiospiza belli

Striped Sparrow Oriturus superciliosus

Vesper Sparrow Pooecetes gramineus

Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis

Sierra Madre Sparrow Xenospiza baileyi

Song Sparrow Melospiza melodia

Lincoln’s Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii

Swamp Sparrow Melospiza georgiana

Large-footed Finch Pezopetes capitalis

Zapata Sparrow Torreornis inexpectata

Rusty-crowned Ground-Sparrow Melozone kieneri

Canyon Towhee Melozone fusca

White-throated Towhee Melozone albicollis

Abert’s Towhee Melozone aberti

California Towhee Melozone crissalis

White-eared Ground-Sparrow Melozone leucotis

Prevost’s Ground-Sparrow Melozone biarcuata

Rusty Sparrow Aimophila rufescens

Rufous-crowned Sparrow Aimophila ruficeps

Oaxaca Sparrow Aimophila notosticta

Green-tailed Towhee Pipilo chlorurus

Spotted Towhee Pipilo maculatus

Collared Towhee Pipilo ocai

Yellow-thighed Finch Pselliophorus tibialis

Yellow-green Finch Pselliophorus luteoviridis

Rufous-capped Brushfinch Atlapetes pileatus

White-naped Brushfinch Atlapetes albinucha

Moustached Brushfinch Atlapetes albofrenatus

Tepui Brushfinch Atlapetes personatus

Santa Marta Brushfinch Atlapetes melanocephalus

Ochre-breasted Brushfinch Atlapetes semirufus

Yellow-headed Brushfinch Atlapetes flaviceps

Dusky-headed Brushfinch Atlapetes fuscoolivaceus

White-rimmed Brushfinch Atlapetes leucopis

White-headed Brushfinch Atlapetes albiceps

Rufous-eared Brushfinch Atlapetes rufigenis

Tricolored Brushfinch Atlapetes tricolor

Slaty Brushfinch Atlapetes schistaceus

Pale-naped Brushfinch Atlapetes pallidinucha

Antioquia Brushfinch Atlapetes blancae

Yellow-breasted Brushfinch Atlapetes latinuchus

White-winged Brushfinch Atlapetes leucopterus

Pale-headed Brushfinch Atlapetes pallidiceps

Bay-crowned Brushfinch Atlapetes seebohmi

Rusty-bellied Brushfinch Atlapetes nationi

Apurimac Brushfinch Atlapetes forbesi

Black-spectacled Brushfinch Atlapetes melanopsis

Vilcabamba Brushfinch Atlapetes terborghi

Cuzco Brushfinch Atlapetes canigenis

Black-faced Brushfinch Atlapetes melanolaemus

Bolivian Brushfinch Atlapetes rufinucha

Fulvous-headed Brushfinch Atlapetes fulviceps

Yellow-striped Brushfinch Atlapetes citrinellus

References:

Barker, F.K., K.J. Burns, J. Klicka, S.M. Lanyon, and I.J. Lovette. 2013. Going to extremes: contrasting rates of diversification in a recent radiation of New World passerine birds. Systematic Birds 62: 298-320.

Klicka, J., F.K. Barker, K.J. Burns, S.M. Lanyon, I.J. Lovette, J.A. Chaves, and R.W. Bryson, Jr. 2014. A comprehensive multilocus assessment of sparrow (Aves: Passerellidae) relationships. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 77: 177-182.

 

page 649, Common Chlorospingus  Chlorospingus flavopectus

Revise the range description of subspecies phaeocephalus from “Subtropical mountains of e and w Ecuador” to “west slope of Andes in southwestern Ecuador; east slope of Andes of Ecuador and northernmost Peru (Cajamarca)”.

 

page 681, Cinnamon-tailed Sparrow  Peucaea sumichrasti

Revise the range description from “Arid Pacific slope of s Mexico (Oaxaca)” to “arid Pacific slope of southern Mexico (Oaxaca and western Chiapas)”.

 

page 684, Grasshopper Sparrow  Ammodramus savannarum

Revise the range description for subspecies caribaeus from “Netherlands Antilles (Bonaire and Curaçao)” to “Curaçao and Bonaire”.

 

page 682, American Tree Sparrow  Spizella arborea

In accord with NACC (Chesser et al. 2015), change the scientific name of American Tree Sparrow from Spizella arborea to Spizelloides arborea, following Klicka et al. (2014) and Slager and Klicka (2014).

References:

Chesser, R.T., R.C. Banks, K.J. Burns, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, A.G. Navarro-Sigüenza, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2015. Fifty-sixth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American birds. Auk 132: 748-764.

Klicka, J., F.K. Barker, K.J. Burns, S.M. Lanyon, I.J. Lovette, J.A. Chaves, and R.W. Bryson, Jr. 2014. A comprehensive multilocus assessment of sparrow (Aves: Passerellidae) relationships. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 77: 177-182.

Slager, D.L., and J. Klicka. 2014. A new genus for the American Tree Sparrow (Aves: Passeriformes: Passerellidae). Zootaxa 3821: 398-400.

 

page 679, Costa Rican Brush-Finch  Arremon costaricensis

page 679, Sierra Nevada Brush-Finch  Arremon basilicus

page 679, Perija Brush-Finch  Arremon perijanus

page 679, Black-headed Brush-Finch  Arremon atricapillus

page 679, Caracas Brush-Finch  Arremon phaeopleurus

page 679, Paria Brush-Finch  Arremon phygas

page 679, Gray-browed Brush-Finch  Arremon assimilis

page 679, White-browed Brush-Finch  Arremon torquatus

page 678, Green-striped Brush-Finch  Arremon virenticeps

page 678, Chestnut-capped Brush-Finch  Arremon brunneinucha

page 678, Chestnut-capped Brushfinch (Plain-breasted)  Arremon brunneinucha apertus

page 678, Chestnut-capped Brushfinch (Chestnut-capped)  Arremon brunneinucha [brunneinucha Group]

The English name “Brush-Finch” has been applied to a large number of New World sparrows that formerly were considered to be congeneric, but that now are split between two unrelated genera, Arremon and Atlapetes. We follow SACC (Proposal 653) in replacing the group name “Brush-Finch” with “brushfinch”, across all species in both Arremon and Atlapetes (and including all relevant eBird groups with “Brush-Finch” as part of the name). NACC has not considered this name change – at least not yet, anyway.

 

pages 686-687, Dark-eyed Junco  Junco hyemalis

Change the English name of the group Junco hyemalis cismontanus from Dark-eyed Junco (Cassiar) to Dark-eyed Junco (cismontanus). This is part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

Revise the range description for subspecies thurberi from “S Oregon to mts. of San Diego Co. and s Nevada; > to n Baja, sw N Mex.” to “western United States. Breeds from southern Oregon south to southern California, and east to western Nevada; winters from Oregon south to northern Mexico (northern Baja Califoria) and east to Arizona and southwestern New Mexico”.

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from pontilus to pontilis (Oberholser 1919).

Revise the range description for subspecies caniceps from “Mts. of s Idaho to Utah and n New Mexico; > to nw Mexico” to “western United States. Breeds in mountains from southern Idaho east to Wyoming, south to southeastern California, eastern Nevada, and northern Arizona and New Mexico; winters from Utah and Colorado south to northern Mexico and east to southwestern Texas”.

Reference:

Oberholser, H.C. 1919. Description of an interesting new junco from Lower California. Condor 21: 119-120.

 

page 686, Rufous-collared Sparrow  Zonotrichia capensis

Revise the range description for subspecies insularis from “Netherlands Antilles (Curaçao and Aruba)” to “Aruba and Curaçao”.

 

page 686, White-crowned Sparrow  Zonotrichia leucophrys

Change the English name of the group Zonotrichia leucophrys leucophrys from White-crowned Sparrow (Eastern) to White-crowned Sparrow (leucophrys).

Change the English name of the group Zonotrichia leucophrys oriantha from White-crowned Sparrow (Mountain) to White-crowned Sparrow (oriantha).

Change the English name of the group Zonotrichia leucophrys nuttalli from White-crowned Sparrow (Nuttall’s) to White-crowned Sparrow (nuttalli).

Change the English name of the group Zonotrichia leucophrys pugetensis from White-crowned Sparrow (Puget Sound) to White-crowned Sparrow (pugetensis).

These are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 683, Bell’s Sparrow  Artemisiospiza belli

Change the English name of the group Artemisiospiza belli belli from Bell’s Sparrow (Bell’s) to Bell’s Sparrow (belli).

Change the English name of the group Artemisiospiza belli canescens from Bell’s Sparrow (Mojave) to Bell’s Sparrow (canescens).

Change the English name of the group Artemisiospiza belli clementeae from Bell’s Sparrow (San Clemente) to Bell’s Sparrow (clementeae).

Change the English name of the group Artemisiospiza belli cinerea from Bell’s Sparrow (Gray) to Bell’s Sparrow (cinerea).

These are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 683, Savannah Sparrow  Passerculus sandwichensis

The polytypic groups Savannah Sparrow (Eastern) Passerculus sandwichensis [savanna Group] and Savannah Sparrow (Western) Passerculus sandwichensis [sandwichensis Group] are merged, as these two groups are not field identifiable. The combined group takes the English name Savannah Sparrow (Savannah) and the scientific name Passerculus sandwichensis [sandwichensis Group].

 

page 685, Song Sparrow  Melospiza melodia

Change the English name of the group Melospiza melodia melodia/atlantica from Song Sparrow (Eastern) to Song Sparrow (melodia/atlantica).

Change the English name of the group Melospiza melodia sanaka/maxima from Song Sparrow (Aleutian) to Song Sparrow (sanaka/maxima).

Change the English name of the group Melospiza melodia [rufina Group] from Song Sparrow (Pacific Northwest) to Song Sparrow (rufina Group).

Change the English name of the group Melospiza melodia montana/merrilli from Song Sparrow (Interior West) to Song Sparrow (montana/merrilli).

Change the English name of the group Melospiza melodia [heermanni Group] from Song Sparrow (California) to Song Sparrow (heermanni Group).

Change the English name of the group Melospiza melodia samuelis from Song Sparrow (San Pablo Saltmarsh) to Song Sparrow (samuelis).

Change the English name of the group Melospiza melodia pusillula from Song Sparrow (South San Francisco Bay Saltmarsh) to Song Sparrow (pusillula).

Change the English name of the group Melospiza melodia [fallax Group] from Song Sparrow (Southwest) to Song Sparrow (fallax Group).

Change the English name of the group Melospiza melodia [mexicana Group] from Song Sparrow (Mexican) to Song Sparrow (mexicana Group).

These are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 680, Spotted Towhee  Pipilo maculatus

Change the English name of the group Pipilo maculatus [oregonus Group] from Spotted Towhee (Pacific) to Spotted Towhee (oregonus Group).

Change the English name of the group Pipilo maculatus arcticus from Spotted Towhee (Great Plains) to Spotted Towhee (arcticus).

Change the English name of the group Pipilo maculatus [maculatus Group] from Spotted Towhee (Rocky Mts.) to Spotted Towhee (maculatus Group).

These are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

Revise the range of subspecies consobrinus from “Formerly Isla Guadalupe (off w Baja California). Extinct” “formerly Isla Guadalupe (off w Baja California). Extinct; last observed in 1897” (Grinnell 1928).

Reference:

Grinnell, J. 1928. A distributional summation of the ornithology of Lower California. University of California Publications in Zoology 32: 1-300.

 

page 677, Rufous-capped Brush-Finch  Atlapetes pileatus

page 676, White-naped Brush-Finch  Atlapetes albinucha

page 676, White-naped Brush-Finch (White-naped)  Atlapetes albinucha albinucha

page 676, White-naped Brush-Finch (Yellow-throated)  Atlapetes albinucha [gutturalis Group]

page 677, Moustached Brush-Finch  Atlapetes albofrenatus

page 677, Moustached Brush-Finch (Moustached) Atlapetes albofrenatus albofrenatus

page 677, Moustached Brush-Finch (Merida) Atlapetes albofrenatus meridae

page 678, Tepui Brush-Finch  Atlapetes personatus

page 677, Santa Marta Brush-Finch  Atlapetes melanocephalus

page 678, Ochre-breasted Brush-Finch  Atlapetes semirufus

page 677, Yellow-headed Brush-Finch  Atlapetes flaviceps

page 677, Dusky-headed Brush-Finch  Atlapetes fuscoolivaceus

page 677, White-rimmed Brush-Finch  Atlapetes leucopis

page 678, White-headed Brush-Finch  Atlapetes albiceps

page 678, Rufous-eared Brush-Finch  Atlapetes rufigenis

page 677, Tricolored Brush-Finch  Atlapetes tricolor

page 677, Tricolored Brush-Finch (Choco)  Atlapetes tricolor crassus

page 677, Tricolored Brush-Finch (Tricolored)  Atlapetes tricolor tricolor

page 677, Slaty Brush-Finch  Atlapetes schistaceus

page 677, Slaty Brush-Finch (Slaty)  Atlapetes schistaceus [schistaceus Group]

page 677, Slaty Brush-Finch (Taczanowki’s)  Atlapetes schistaceus taczanowskii

page 676, Pale-naped Brush-Finch  Atlapetes pallidinucha

addition (2007), Antioquia Brush-Finch  Atlapetes blancae

pages 676-677, Yellow-breasted Brush-Finch  Atlapetes latinuchus

page 676, Yellow-breasted Brush-Finch (nigrifrons)  Atlapetes latinuchus nigrifrons

pages 676-677, Yellow-breasted Brush-Finch (Yellow-breasted)  Atlapetes latinuchus [latinuchus Group]

page 677, White-winged Brush-Finch  Atlapetes leucopterus

page 677, White-winged Brush-Finch (White-winged)  Atlapetes leucopterus leucopterus/dresseri

page 677, White-winged Brush-Finch (Paynter’s)  Atlapetes leucopterus paynteri

Page 678, Pale-headed Brush-Finch  Atlapetes pallidiceps

page 677, Bay-crowned Brush-Finch  Atlapetes seebohmi

page 677, Rusty-bellied Brush-Finch  Atlapetes nationi

page 678, Apurimac Brush-Finch  Atlapetes forbesi

page 678, Black-spectacled Brush-Finch  Atlapetes melanopsis

page 677, Vilcabamba Brush-Finch  Atlapetes terborghi

page 677, Cuzco Brush-Finch  Atlapetes canigenis

page 677, Black-faced Brush-Finch  Atlapetes melanolaemus

page 677, Bolivian Brush-Finch  Atlapetes rufinucha

page 678, Fulvous-headed Brush-Finch  Atlapetes fulviceps

page 678, Yellow-striped Brush-Finch  Atlapetes citrinellus

The English name “Brush-Finch” has been applied to a large number of New World sparrows that formerly were considered to be congeneric, but that now are split between two unrelated genera, Arremon and Atlapetes. We follow SACC (Proposal 653) in replacing the group name “Brush-Finch” with “brushfinch”, across all species in both Arremon and Atlapetes (and including all relevant eBird groups with “Brush-Finch” as part of the name). NACC has not considered this name change – at least not yet, anyway.

 

page 665, Cinereous Bunting  Emberiza cineracea

Change the English name of the monotypic group Emberiza cineracea cineracea from Cinereous Bunting (Western) to Cinereous Bunting (Gray-bellied).

Change the English name of the monotypic group Emberiza cineracea semenowi from Cinereous Bunting (Eastern) to Cinereous Bunting (Yellow-bellied).

These are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

pages 666-667, Reed Bunting  Emberiza schoeniclus

Revise the range description for subspecies reiseri from “S Yugoslavia to sw Albania and n Greece” to “Albania, Macedonia, and northern Greece”.

 

pages 654-655, Hepatic Tanager  Piranga flava

Revise the range description for subspecies testacea from “Subtropical Costa Rica and Panama (east to Cape Gararchiné)” to “subtropical Costa Rica and Panama (east to Punta Garachiné)”.

 

page 655, Summer Tanager  Piranga rubra

The two subspecies of Summer Tanager are not field identifiable. Consequently the two previously recognized monotypic groups are treated now only as subspecies; delete the groups Summer Tanager (Western) Piranga rubra cooperi and Summer Tanager (Eastern) Piranga rubra rubra.

 

page 672, Blue Seedeater  Amaurospiza concolor

Subspecies aequatorialis is removed from the group Blue Seedeater (Blue) to form a new monophyletic group, Blue Seedeater (Equatorial) Amaurospiza concolor aequatorialis. As a result, the group Blue Seedeater (Blue) becomes monotypic, and its scientific name changes from Amaurospiza concolor concolor/aequatorialis to Amaurospiza concolor concolor.

 

page 693, Red-breasted Blackbird  Sturnella militaris

In accord with SACC (Proposal 641), change the English name of Sturnella militaris from Red-breasted Blackbird to Red-breasted Meadowlark.

 

page 693, White-browed Blackbird  Sturnella superciliaris

In accord with SACC (Proposal 641), change the English name of Sturnella superciliaris from White-browed Blackbird to White-browed Meadowlark.

 

page 694, Boat-tailed Grackle  Quiscalus major

Change the English name of the monotypic roup Quiscalus major major from Boat-tailed Grackle (Texas) to Boat-tailed Grackle (major).

Change the English name of the polytypic group Quiscalus major torreyi/alabamensis from Boat-tailed Grackle (Yellow-eyed) to Boat-tailed Grackle (torreyi/alabamensis).

Change the English name of the monotypic group Quiscalus major westoni from Boat-tailed Grackle (Florida) to Boat-tailed Grackle (westoni).

These are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 694, Hooded Oriole  Icterus cucullatus

Change the English name of the polytypic group Icterus cucullatus cucullatus/sennetti from Hooded Oriole (Eastern) to Hooded Oriole (cucullatus/sennetti).

Change the English name of the polytypic group Icterus cucullatus [nelsoni Group] from Hooded Oriole (Western) to Hooded Oriole (nelsoni Group).

Change the English name of the monotypic group Icterus cucullatus igneus from Hooded Oriole (Yucatan) to Hooded Oriole (igneus).

These are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name,

to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 695, Yellow Oriole  Icterus nigrogularis

Revise the range description for subspecies curasoensis from “Netherlands Antilles (Aruba, Curaçao and Bonaire)” to “Aruba, Curaçao and Bonaire”.

 

page 698, Band-tailed Oropendola  Cacicus latirostris

In accord with SACC (Proposal 641), change the English name of Cacicus latirostris from Band-tailed Oropendola to Band-tailed Cacique.

 

page 698, Casqued Oropendola  Cacicus oseryi

In accord with SACC (Proposal 641), change the English name of Cacicus oseryi from Casqued Oropendola to Casqued Cacique.

 

page 627, Golden-rumped Euphonia  Euphonia cyanocephala

Revise the range description of subspecies pelzelni from “Andes of Colombia to nw Argentina, n Venezuela; Trinidad” to “southern Colombia and western Ecuador”.

Change Euphonia cyanocephala ssp to Euphonia cyanocephala insignis, with range “east slope of Andes of southern Ecuador”. Reposition insignis to immediately follow subspecies pelzelni.

Revise the range description of subspecies cyanocephala from “Tepuis of se Venezuela to Guyana and Suriname” to “montane regions of Venezuela east to Trinidad and the Guianas; Andes south, primarily on east slope, to northwestern Argentina; and northeastern Argentina, Paraguay, and southeastern Brazil”.

 

pages 638-639, 701  Hawaiian Honeycreepers Fringillidae (in part)

In accord with NACC, the sequence of genera and species within the Hawaiian honeycreepers is revised (Lerner et al. 2011, Pratt 2014, Chesser et al. 2015). The sequence of genera and species that we adopt is as follows:

Poo-uli Melamprosops phaeosoma

Akikiki Oreomystis bairdi

Oahu Alauahio Paroreomyza maculata

Kakawahie Paroreomyza flammea

Maui Alauahio Paroreomyza montana

Palila Loxioides bailleui

Laysan Finch Telespiza cantans

Nihoa Finch Telespiza ultima

Kona Grosbeak Chloridops kona

Lesser Koa-Finch Rhodacanthis flaviceps

Greater Koa-Finch Rhodacanthis palmeri

Ula-ai-hawane Ciridops anna

Akohekohe Palmeria dolei

Laysan Honeycreeper Himatione fraithii

Apapane Himatione sanguinea

Iiwi Drepanis coccinea

Hawaii Mamo Drepanis pacifica

Black Mamo Drepanis funerea

Ou Psittirostra psittacea

Lanai Hookbill Dysmorodrepanis munroi

Maui Parrotbill Pseudonestor xanthophrys

Kauai Nukupuu Hemignathus hanapepe

Oahu Nukupuu Hemignathus lucidus

Maui Nukupuu Hemignathus affinis

Akiapolaau Hemignathus wilsoni

Lesser Akialoa Akialoa obscura

Oahu Akialoa Akialoa ellisiana

Kauai Akialoa Akialoa stejnegeri

Maui-nui Akialoa Akialoa lanaiensis

Anianiau Magumma parva

Hawaii Amakihi Chlorodrepanis virens

Oahu Amakihi Chlorodrepanis flava

Kauai Amakihi Chlorodrepanis stejnegeri

Greater Amakihi Viridonia sagittirostris

Hawaii Creeper Loxops mana

Akekee Loxops caeruleirostris

Hawaii Akepa Loxops coccineus

Oahu Akepa Loxops wolstenholmei

Maui Akepa Loxops ochraceus

References:

Chesser, R.T., R.C. Banks, K.J. Burns, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, A.G. Navarro-Sigüenza, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2015. Fifty-sixth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American birds. Auk 132: 748-764.

Lerner, H.R.L., M. Meyer, H.F. James, M. Hofreiter, and R.C. Fleischer. 2011. Multilocus resolution of phylogeny and timescale in the extant adaptive radiation of Hawaiian honeycreepers. Current Biology 21: 1838-1844.

Pratt, H.D. 2014. A consensus taxonomy for the Hawaiian honeycreepers. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science, Louisiana State University number 85.

 

page 639, Iiwi  Vestiaria coccinea

In accord with NACC (Chesser et al. 2015), change the scientific name of Iiwi from Vestiaria coccinea to Drepanis coccinea, following Lerner et al. (2011), Pratt (2014), and many other papers (see Chesser et al. 2015).

References:

Chesser, R.T., R.C. Banks, K.J. Burns, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, A.G. Navarro-Sigüenza, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2015. Fifty-sixth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American birds. Auk 132: 748-764.

Lerner, H.R.L., M. Meyer, H.F. James, M. Hofreiter, and R.C. Fleischer. 2011. Multilocus resolution of phylogeny and timescale in the extant adaptive radiation of Hawaiian honeycreepers. Current Biology 21: 1838-1844.

Pratt, H.D. 2014. A consensus taxonomy for the Hawaiian honeycreepers. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science, Louisiana State University number 85.

 

page 638, Kauai Nukupuu  Hemignathus hanapepe

Revise the range description for Kauai Nukupuu from “Wet ohia forests of Kauai” to “wet ohia forests of Kauai; probably extinct”.

 

page 638, Oahu Nukupuu  Hemignathus lucidus

Revise the range description for Oahu Nukupuu from “Wet ohia forests of Hawaii” to “formerly wet ohia forests of Oahu; extinct, last reported in the 1860s”.

 

page 638, Maui Nukupuu  Hemignathus affinis

Revise the range description for Maui Nukupuu from “Wet ohia forests of Maui” to “wet ohia forests of Maui; possibly extinct”.

 

page 638, Akiapolaau  Hemignathus munroi

In accord with NACC (Chesser et al. 2015), change the scientific name of Akiapolaau from Hemignathus munroi to Hemignathus wilsoni. The oldest name for this species is wilsoni, but, when Hawaii Amakihi also was classified in the genus Hemignathus, the name wilsoni was preoccupied by the name of a subspecies of amakihi. With the amakihis removed to the genus Chlorodrepanis, this conflict is resolved, and the species name of Akiapolaau can revert to wilsoni (Pratt 2014).

References:

Chesser, R.T., R.C. Banks, K.J. Burns, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, A.G. Navarro-Sigüenza, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2015. Fifty-sixth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American birds. Auk 132: 748-764.

Pratt, H.D. 2014. A consensus taxonomy for the Hawaiian honeycreepers. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science, Louisiana State University number 85.

 

page 701, Lesser Akialoa  Hemignathus obscurus

In accord with NACC (Chesser et al. 2015), change the scientific name of Lesser Akialoa from Hemignathus obscurus to Akialoa obscura, following Olson and James (1995), Pratt (2014), Chesser et al. (2015), and references cited therein.

References:

Chesser, R.T., R.C. Banks, K.J. Burns, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, A.G. Navarro-Sigüenza, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2015. Fifty-sixth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American birds. Auk 132: 748-764.

Olson, S.L., and H.F. James. 1995. Nomenclature of the Hawaiian akialoas and nukupuus (Aves: Drepanidini). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 108: 373-387.

Pratt, H.D. 2014. A consensus taxonomy for the Hawaiian honeycreepers. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science, Louisiana State University number 85.

 

page 638, Hawaii Amakihi  Hemignathus virens

In accord with NACC (Chesser et al. 2015), change the scientific name of Hawaii Amakihi from Hemignathus virens to Chlorodrepanis virens, following Lerner et al. (2011), Pratt (2014), Chesser et al. (2015), and references cited therein.

Change the scientific name of the monotypic group Hawaii Amakihi (Maui) from Hemignathus virens wilsoni to Chlorodrepanis virens wilsoni.

Change the scientific name of the monotypic group Hawaii Amakihi (Hawaii) from Hemignathus virens virens to Chlorodrepanis virens virens.

References:

Chesser, R.T., R.C. Banks, K.J. Burns, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, A.G. Navarro-Sigüenza, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2015. Fifty-sixth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American birds. Auk 132: 748-764.

Lerner, H.R.L., M. Meyer, H.F. James, M. Hofreiter, and R.C. Fleischer. 2011. Multilocus resolution of phylogeny and timescale in the extant adaptive radiation of Hawaiian honeycreepers. Current Biology 21: 1838-1844.

Pratt, H.D. 2014. A consensus taxonomy for the Hawaiian honeycreepers. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science, Louisiana State University number 85.

 

page 638, Oahu Amakihi  Hemignathus flavus

In accord with NACC (Chesser et al. 2015), change the scientific name of Oahu Amakihi from Hemignathus flavus to Chlorodrepanis flava, following Lerner et al. (2011), Pratt (2014), Chesser et al. (2015), and references cited therein.

References:

Chesser, R.T., R.C. Banks, K.J. Burns, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, A.G. Navarro-Sigüenza, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2015. Fifty-sixth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American birds. Auk 132: 748-764.

Lerner, H.R.L., M. Meyer, H.F. James, M. Hofreiter, and R.C. Fleischer. 2011. Multilocus resolution of phylogeny and timescale in the extant adaptive radiation of Hawaiian honeycreepers. Current Biology 21: 1838-1844.

Pratt, H.D. 2014. A consensus taxonomy for the Hawaiian honeycreepers. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science, Louisiana State University number 85.

 

page 638, Kauai Amakihi  Hemignathus kauaiensis

In accord with NACC (Chesser et al. 2015), change the scientific name of Kauai Amakihi from Hemignathus kauaiensis to Chlorodrepanis stejnegeri, following Lerner et al. (2011), Pratt (2014), Chesser et al. (2015), and references cited therein. Note that the species name also changes: the name stejnegeri was preoccupied in Hemignathus by the name of a subspecies of Greater Akialoa, Hemignathus [now Akialoa] ellisianus stejnegeri, but with both the amakihi and the akiola removed from Hemignathus, the conflict is resolved, and the species name for the amakihi reverts to the older stejnegeri.

References:

Chesser, R.T., R.C. Banks, K.J. Burns, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, A.G. Navarro-Sigüenza, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2015. Fifty-sixth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American birds. Auk 132: 748-764.

Lerner, H.R.L., M. Meyer, H.F. James, M. Hofreiter, and R.C. Fleischer. 2011. Multilocus resolution of phylogeny and timescale in the extant adaptive radiation of Hawaiian honeycreepers. Current Biology 21: 1838-1844.

Pratt, H.D. 2014. A consensus taxonomy for the Hawaiian honeycreepers. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science, Louisiana State University number 85.

 

page 701, Greater Amakihi  Hemignathus sagittirostris

In accord with NACC (Chesser et al. 2015), change the scientific name of Greater Amakihi from Hemignathus sagittirostris to Viridonia sagittirostris, following Lerner et al. (2011), Pratt (2014), Chesser et al. (2015), and references cited therein.

References:

Chesser, R.T., R.C. Banks, K.J. Burns, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, A.G. Navarro-Sigüenza, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2015. Fifty-sixth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American birds. Auk 132: 748-764.

Lerner, H.R.L., M. Meyer, H.F. James, M. Hofreiter, and R.C. Fleischer. 2011. Multilocus resolution of phylogeny and timescale in the extant adaptive radiation of Hawaiian honeycreepers. Current Biology 21: 1838-1844.

Pratt, H.D. 2014. A consensus taxonomy for the Hawaiian honeycreepers. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science, Louisiana State University number 85.

 

page 629, Chinese Beautiful Rosefinch  Carpodacus davidianus

Revise the range description from “Central Mongolia (south to sw Inner Mongolia)” to “central Mongolia and east central China (Inner Mongolia region, in southeastern Nei Mongol, northern Shanxi, Hebei and Beijing)”.

 

page 631, White-winged Crossbill  Loxia leucoptera

Change the English name of the monotypic group Loxia leucoptera bifasciata from White-winged Crossbill (Eurasian) to White-winged Crossbill (bifasciata).

Change the English name of the monotypic group Loxia leucoptera leucoptera from White-winged Crossbill (American) to White-winged Crossbill (leucoptera).

These are part of a suite of changes to the English names of groups, adopted to avoid providing overly simplistic (or suggestive) geographical names, and to use the scientific epithet as a name, to be intentionally cautionary to birders who may wish to assign taxa to subspecies group.

 

page 633, European Goldfinch  Carduelis carduelis

Revise the range description for subspecies balcanica from “Yugoslavia to Bulgaria, Greece and Crete” to “the Balkans and Crete”.

 

page 628, Oriole Finch  Linurgus olivaceus

Revise the range description for subspecies elgonensis from “SE Sudan (Imatog Mountains) to Kenya highlands” to “southeastern South Sudan (Imatong Mountains) to the Kenya highlands”.

 

page 636, Damara Canary  Alario leucolaemus

Revise the range description from “Namibia, Damarland, Great Namaqualand, Botswana” to “Namibia and northwestern South Africa”.

 

page addition (2013), Abd’ al Kuri Sparrow  Passer hemileucus

Revise the English name of Passer hemileucus from Abd’ Al Kuri Sparrow to Abd al Kuri Sparrow. Revise the range description from “Socotra Islands (Abd’ Al Kuri)” to “Socotra Islands (Abd al Kuri)”.

 

page 604, White-winged Snowfinch  Montifringilla nivalis

Revise the range description for subspecies nivalis from “Pyrénées and Alps to Italy, s Yugoslavia and n Greece” to “southern Europe from northern Spain (the Pyrenees) and Corsica through the Alps and Italy to Greece”.

 

page 608, Forest Weaver  Ploceus bicolor

Revise the range description for subspecies mentalis from “S Sudan (Imatong Hills) to ne Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda and w Kenya” to “northeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, southeastern South Sudan (Imatong Mountains), Uganda, and western Kenya”.

 

page 611, Fernando Po Oliveback  Nesocharis shelleyi

Change the English name of Nesocharis shelleyi from Fernando Po Oliveback to Shelley’s Oliveback (Fry and Stuart 2004).

Reference:

Fry, C.H., and S. Keith (editors). 2004. The birds of Africa. Volume VII. Academic Press, London.

 

GROUPS 

GROUPS – newly created groups

Thicket Tinamou (occidentalis) Crypturellus cinnamomeus occidentalis
Thicket Tinamou (cinnamomeus Group) Crypturellus cinnamomeus [cinnamomeus Group]
Helmeted Guineafowl (West African) Numida meleagris galeatus
Helmeted Guineafowl (Reichenow’s) Numida meleagris reichenowi
Helmeted Guineafowl (Tufted) Numida meleagris [mitratus Group]
Crested Guineafowl (Southern) Guttera pucherani edouardi/barbata
Crested Fireback (Malay) Lophura ignita rufa
Crested Fireback (Bornean) Lophura ignita ignita/nobilis
Salvin’s Prion (Salvin’s) Pachyptila salvini salvini
Salvin’s Prion (MacGillivray’s) Pachyptila salvini macgillivrayi
Purple Heron (Bourne’s) Ardea purpurea bournei
Purple Heron (Purple) Ardea purpurea [purpurea Group]
Intermediate Egret (Intermediate) Mesophoyx intermedia intermedia
Intermediate Egret (Plumed) Mesophoyx intermedia plumifera
Intermediate Egret (Yellow-billed) Mesophoyx intermedia brachyrhyncha
Red-shouldered Hawk (lineatus Group) Buteo lineatus [lineatus Group]
Limpkin (Speckled) Aramus guarauna [pictus Group]
Limpkin (Brown-backed) Aramus guarauna guarauna
Gray-winged Trumpeter (Napo) Psophia crepitans napensis
Gray-winged Trumpeter (Gray-winged) Psophia crepitans crepitans
Dark-winged Trumpeter (Xingu) Psophia viridis interjecta
Masked Lapwing (Masked) Vanellus miles miles
Masked Lapwing (Black-shouldered) Vanellus miles novaehollandiae
Gull-billed Tern (Gull-billed) Gelochelidon nilotica [nilotica Group]
Gull-billed Tern (Australian) Gelochelidon nilotica macrotarsa
Spotted Dove (Western) Streptopelia chinensis suratensis
Spotted Dove (Eastern) Streptopelia chinensis chinensis/tigrina
White-eared Brown-Dove (White-eared) Phapitreron leucotis leucotis
White-eared Brown-Dove (Buff-eared) Phapitreron leucotis nigrorum
White-eared Brown-Dove (Short-billed) Phapitreron leucotis brevirostris/occipitalis
Amethyst Brown-Dove (Amethyst) Phapitreron amethystinus amethystinus/imeldae
Amethyst Brown-Dove (Gray-breasted) Phapitreron amethystinus maculipectus
Amethyst Brown-Dove (Cebu) Phapitreron amethystinus frontalis
Whistling Green-Pigeon (Ryukyu) Treron formosae permagnus/medioximus
Whistling Green-Pigeon (Taiwan) Treron formosae formosae/filipinus
Superb Fruit-Dove (Western) Ptilinopus superbus temminckii
Superb Fruit-Dove (Eastern) Ptilinopus superbus superbus
Mountain Imperial-Pigeon (cuprea) Ducula badia cuprea
Mountain Imperial-Pigeon (badia Group) Ducula badia [badia Group]
Little Bronze-Cuckoo (Little) Chrysococcyx minutillus [minutillus Group]
Little Bronze-Cuckoo (Gould’s) Chrysococcyx minutillus [poecilurus Group]
Little Bronze-Cuckoo (Dark-backed) Chrysococcyx minutillus rufomerus
Little Bronze-Cuckoo (Pied) Chrysococcyx minutillus crassirostris/salvadorii
Pacific Koel (Oriental) Eudynamys orientalis [orientalis Group]
Pacific Koel (Australian) Eudynamys orientalis cyanocephalus/subcyanocephalus
Peruvian Screech-Owl (pacificus) Megascops roboratus pacificus
Peruvian Screech-Owl (roboratus) Megascops roboratus roboratus
Vermiculated Screech-Owl (Vermiculated) Megascops guatemalae vermiculatus
Northern Hawk Owl (American) Surnia ulula caparoch
Northern Hawk Owl (Eurasian) Surnia ulula ulula/tianschanica
Barred Owlet-nightjar (Diamond’s) Aegotheles bennettii terborghi
Band-tailed Nighthawk (Band-tailed) Nyctiprogne leucopyga [leucopyga Group]
Band-tailed Nighthawk (latifascia) Nyctiprogne leucopyga latifascia
Tyrian Metaltail (Santa Marta) Metallura tyrianthina districta
Tyrian Metaltail (Costa) Metallura tyrianthina chloropogon
Tyrian Metaltail (Merida) Metallura tyrianthina oreopola
Tyrian Metaltail (Tyrian) Metallura tyrianthina tyrianthina/quitensis
Tyrian Metaltail (septentrionalis) Metallura tyrianthina septentrionalis
Tyrian Metaltail (smaragdinicollis) Metallura tyrianthina smaragdinicollis
Viridian Metaltail (recisa) Metallura williami recisa
Viridian Metaltail (Viridian) Metallura williami williami
Viridian Metaltail (Ecuadorian) Metallura williami primolina
Viridian Metaltail (Black-throated) Metallura williami atrigularis
Golden-bellied Starfrontlet (Perija) Coeligena bonapartei consita
Golden-bellied Starfrontlet (Golden-bellied) Coeligena bonapartei bonapartei
African Pied Hornbill (Western) Lophoceros fasciatus semifasciatus
African Pied Hornbill (Congo) Lophoceros fasciatus fasciatus
White-crested Hornbill (White-cheeked) Horizocerus albocristatus albocristatus/macrourus
White-crested Hornbill (Dark-cheeked) Horizocerus albocristatus cassini
Piping Hornbill (Western) Bycanistes fistulator fistulator
Piping Hornbill (Eastern) Bycanistes fistulator sharpii/duboisi
Rufous Hornbill (Northern) Buceros hydrocorax hydrocorax
Rufous Hornbill (Southern) Buceros hydrocorax mindanensis/semigaleatus
Indigo-banded Kingfisher (Northern) Ceyx cyanopectus cyanopectus
Indigo-banded Kingfisher (Southern) Ceyx cyanopectus nigrirostris
Society Kingfisher (Moorea) Todiramphus veneratus youngi
Society Kingfisher (Tahiti) Todiramphus veneratus veneratus
Pacific Kingfisher (Lau) Todiramphus sacer marinus
Green Bee-eater (Yellow-throated) Merops orientalis [viridissimus Group]
Green Bee-eater (Arabian) Merops orientalis cyanophrys/najdanus
Green Bee-eater (Russet-crowned) Merops orientalis [orientalis Group]
Yellow-billed Barbet (Western) Trachyphonus purpuratus goffinii
Yellow-billed Barbet (Togo) Trachyphonus purpuratus togoensis
Yellow-billed Barbet (Eastern) Trachyphonus purpuratus purpuratus/elgonensis
White-headed Barbet (White-headed) Lybius leucocephalus [leucocephalus Group]
White-headed Barbet (Brown-and-white) Lybius leucocephalus senex
White-headed Barbet (White-bellied) Lybius leucocephalus leucogaster
Blue-throated Barbet (Red-crowned) Psilopogon asiaticus asiaticus
Blue-throated Barbet (Blue-crowned) Psilopogon asiaticus davisoni
Ivory-billed Aracari (Yellow-billed) Pteroglossus azara flavirostris
Ivory-billed Aracari (Ivory-billed) Pteroglossus azara azara
White-bellied Piculet (White-bellied) Picumnus spilogaster spilogaster/orinocensis
White-bellied Piculet (Mangrove) Picumnus spilogaster pallidus
Gray-headed Woodpecker (Gray-headed) Picus canus canus/jessoensis
Gray-headed Woodpecker (Black-naped) Picus canus [guerini Group]
Gray-headed Woodpecker (Sumatran) Picus canus dedemi
Eurasian Kestrel (Canary Islands) Falco tinnunculus canariensis/dacotiae
Eurasian Kestrel (Cape Verde) Falco tinnunculus neglectus/alexandri
Eurasian Kestrel (Rufescent) Falco tinnunculus rufescens
Blue-winged Parrotlet (Turquoise-winged) Forpus xanthopterygius spengeli
Blue-winged Parrotlet (crassirostris) Forpus xanthopterygius crassirostris
Blue-winged Parrotlet (Blue-winged) Forpus xanthopterygius xanthopterygius
Dusky-billed Parrotlet (Schomburgk’s) Forpus modestus modestus
Dusky-billed Parrotlet (Dusky-billed) Forpus modestus sclateri
Pearly Parakeet (lepida) Pyrrhura lepida lepida
Pearly Parakeet (anerythra) Pyrrhura lepida anerythra
Pearly Parakeet (coerulescens) Pyrrhura lepida coerulescens
White-backed Fire-eye (Pacific) Pyriglena leuconota pacifica
White-backed Fire-eye (Black-bellied) Pyriglena leuconota castanoptera
White-backed Fire-eye (Black-headed) Pyriglena leuconota picea
White-backed Fire-eye (White-backed) Pyriglena leuconota [leuconota Group]
White-backed Fire-eye (Pernambuco) Pyriglena leuconota pernambucensis
Rufous Antpitta (Sierra Nevada) Grallaria rufula spatiator
Rufous Antpitta (Perija) Grallaria rufula saltuensis
Rufous Antpitta (Rufous) Grallaria rufula rufula
Rufous Antpitta (Cajamarca) Grallaria rufula cajamarcae
Rufous Antpitta (North Peruvian) Grallaria rufula obscura
Rufous Antpitta (South Peruvian) Grallaria rufula occabambae
Rufous Antpitta (Bolivian) Grallaria rufula cochabambae
Black-faced Antthrush (Black-faced) Formicarius analis [analis Group]
Rufous-breasted Leaftosser (Ceara) Sclerurus scansor cearensis
Rufous-breasted Leaftosser (Rufous-breasted) Sclerurus scansor scansor
White-browed Spinetail (gularis) Hellmayrea gularis gularis
White-browed Spinetail (brunneidorsalis) Hellmayrea gularis brunneidorsalis
White-browed Spinetail (cinereiventris) Hellmayrea gularis cinereiventris
White-browed Spinetail (rufiventris) Hellmayrea gularis rufiventris
Vilcabamba Thistletail (Vilcabamba) Asthenes vilcabambae vilcabambae
Vilcabamba Thistletail (Ayacucho) Asthenes vilcabambae ayacuchensis
Rufous Spinetail (unirufa) Synallaxis unirufa unirufa
Rufous Spinetail (munoztebari) Synallaxis unirufa munoztebari
Rufous Spinetail (meridana) Synallaxis unirufa meridana
Rufous Spinetail (ochrogaster) Synallaxis unirufa ochrogaster
Gray Elaenia (Choco) Myiopagis caniceps parambae/absita
Gray Elaenia (Gray) Myiopagis caniceps cinerea
Gray Elaenia (Gray-headed) Myiopagis caniceps caniceps
Foothill Elaenia (Perija) Myiopagis olallai incognita
Foothill Elaenia (Antioquia) Myiopagis olallai coopmansi
Foothill Elaenia (Foothill) Myiopagis olallai olallai
Brown-crested Flycatcher (Cooper’s) Myiarchus tyrannulus [cooperi Group]
Spotted Pardalote (Wet Tropics) Pardalotus punctatus millitaris
Spotted Pardalote (Spotted) Pardalotus punctatus punctatus
Spotted Pardalote (Yellow-rumped) Pardalotus punctatus xanthopyge
Black-browed Triller (Black-browed) Lalage atrovirens atrovirens
Black-browed Triller (Biak) Lalage atrovirens leucoptera
Long-tailed Shrike (erythronotus/caniceps) Lanius schach erythronotus/caniceps
Long-tailed Shrike (schach) Lanius schach schach
Long-tailed Shrike (tricolor/longicaudatus) Lanius schach tricolor/longicaudatus
Long-tailed Shrike (bentet) Lanius schach bentet
Long-tailed Shrike (nasutus Group) Lanius schach [nasutus Group]
Woodchat Shrike (Western) Lanius senator senator
Woodchat Shrike (Balearic) Lanius senator badius
Woodchat Shrike (Caucasian) Lanius senator niloticus
Black-naped Oriole (East Asian) Oriolus chinensis diffusus
Black-naped Oriole (Sunda) Oriolus chinensis [maculatus Group]
Black-naped Oriole (Black-naped) Oriolus chinensis [chinensis Group]
Gray Fantail (keasti) Rhipidura albiscapa keasti
Gray Fantail (alisteri) Rhipidura albiscapa alisteri
Gray Fantail (albiscapa) Rhipidura albiscapa albiscapa
Gray Fantail (preissi) Rhipidura albiscapa preissi
Gray Fantail (albicauda) Rhipidura albiscapa albicauda
Madagascar Paradise-Flycatcher (Madagascar) Terpsiphone mutata [mutata Group]
Madagascar Paradise-Flycatcher (Comoro) Terpsiphone mutata vulpina/voeltzkowiana
Madagascar Paradise-Flycatcher (Grand Comoro) Terpsiphone mutata comoroensis
Azure-naped Jay (Azure-naped) Cyanocorax heilprini heilprini
Scarlet Robin (Campbell’s) Petroica boodang campbelli
Scarlet Robin (Scarlet) Petroica boodang boodang/leggii
Ashy Robin (Ashy) Heteromyias albispecularis albispecularis
Ashy Robin (Black-capped) Heteromyias albispecularis [armiti Group]
Varied Tit (Varied) Sittiparus varius [varius Group]
Varied Tit (Iriomote) Sittiparus varius olivaceus
Varied Tit (Chestnut-bellied) Sittiparus varius castaneoventris
Varied Tit (Owston’s) Sittiparus varius owstoni
Sedge Wren (Venezuelan) Cistothorus platensis alticola
Sedge Wren (Paramo) Cistothorus platensis aequatorialis
Sedge Wren (Junin) Cistothorus platensis graminicola
Sedge Wren (Puna) Cistothorus platensis minimus
Sedge Wren (Tucuman) Cistothorus platensis tucumanus
Sedge Wren (Pampas) Cistothorus platensis platensis/polyglottus
Sedge Wren (Austral) Cistothorus platensis hornensis/falklandicus
Gray-breasted Wood-Wren (Central American) Henicorhina leucophrys [mexicana Group]
Gray-breasted Wood-Wren (Choco) Henicorhina leucophrys brunneiceps
Gray-breasted Wood-Wren (anachoreta) Henicorhina leucophrys anachoreta
Gray-breasted Wood-Wren (bangsi) Henicorhina leucophrys bangsi
Gray-breasted Wood-Wren (Perija) Henicorhina leucophrys manastarae
Gray-breasted Wood-Wren (meridana) Henicorhina leucophrys meridana
Gray-breasted Wood-Wren (venezuelensis) Henicorhina leucophrys venezuelensis
Gray-breasted Wood-Wren (Andean) Henicorhina leucophrys [leucophrys Group]
Lesser Bristlebill (Brown-eyed) Bleda notatus notatus
Lesser Bristlebill (Yellow-eyed) Bleda notatus ugandae
Yellow-throated Greenbul (flavicollis) Atimastillas flavicollis flavicollis
Yellow-throated Greenbul (soror) Atimastillas flavicollis soror
Yellow-throated Greenbul (flavigula) Atimastillas flavicollis flavigula
Plain Greenbul (leoninus) Eurillas curvirostris leoninus
Plain Greenbul (curvirostris) Eurillas curvirostris curvirostris
Orange-spotted Bulbul (Aceh) Pycnonotus bimaculatus snouckaerti
Orange-spotted Bulbul (Orange-spotted) Pycnonotus bimaculatus bimaculatus/barat
Streak-breasted Bulbul (Tablas) Hypsipetes siquijorensis cinereiceps
Streak-breasted Bulbul (Cebu) Hypsipetes siquijorensis monticola
Streak-breasted Bulbul (Siquijor) Hypsipetes siquijorensis siquijorensis
Mountain Chiffchaff (Caucasian) Phylloscopus sindianus lorenzii
Mountain Chiffchaff (Kashmir) Phylloscopus sindianus sindianus
Capped White-eye (Capped) Zosterops fuscicapilla fuscicapilla
Capped White-eye (Oya Tabu) Zosterops fuscicapilla crookshanki
Dark-fronted Babbler (atriceps) Rhopocichla atriceps atriceps
Dark-fronted Babbler (bourdilloni) Rhopocichla atriceps bourdilloni
Dark-fronted Babbler (siccata) Rhopocichla atriceps siccata
Dark-fronted Babbler (nigrifrons) Rhopocichla atriceps nigrifrons
Brown Illadopsis (Moloney’s) Illadopsis fulvescens moloneyana/iboensis
Brown Illadopsis (Brown) Illadopsis fulvescens [fulvescens Group]
Black-headed Sibia (Black-headed) Heterophasia desgodinsi desgodinsi/tonkinensis
Black-headed Sibia (engelbachi/kingi) Heterophasia desgodinsi engelbachi/kingi
Black-headed Sibia (Lang Bian) Heterophasia desgodinsi robinsoni
Common Nightingale (megarhynchos/africana) Luscinia megarhynchos megarhynchos/africana
Common Nightingale (golzii) Luscinia megarhynchos golzii
Blue Whistling-Thrush (Black-billed) Myophonus caeruleus caeruleus
Blue Whistling-Thrush (Yellow-billed) Myophonus caeruleus [flavirostris Group]
Blue Rock-Thrush (solitarius Group) Monticola solitarius [solitarius Group]
Blue Rock-Thrush (philippensis) Monticola solitarius philippensis
Blue Rock-Thrush (madoci) Monticola solitarius madoci
Siberian Stonechat (Caspian) Saxicola maurus hemprichii
Siberian Stonechat (Przewalksi’s) Saxicola maurus przewalskii
Russet-tailed Thrush (Russet-tailed) Zoothera heinei [heinei Group]
Russet-tailed Thrush (Mussau) Zoothera heinei eichhorni
Orange-billed Nightingale-Thrush (Orange-billed) Catharus aurantiirostris [aurantiirostris Group]
Indian Blackbird (Indian) Turdus simillimus simillimus/bourdilloni
Indian Blackbird (Black-capped) Turdus simillimus nigropileus/spencei
Indian Blackbird (Sri Lanka) Turdus simillimus kinnisii
Western Yellow Wagtail (flavissima/lutea) Motacilla flava flavissima/lutea
Two-banded Warbler (Roraiman) Myiothlypis bivittata roraimae
Two-banded Warbler (Two-banded) Myiothlypis bivittata bivittata/argentinae
Red-capped Cardinal (Red-capped) Paroaria gularis gularis
Red-capped Cardinal (Bolivian) Paroaria gularis cervicalis
Crimson-fronted Cardinal (Araguaia) Paroaria baeri baeri
Crimson-fronted Cardinal (Xingu) Paroaria baeri xinguensis
Flame-crested Tanager (Flame-crested) Tachyphonus cristatus [cristatus Group]
Flame-crested Tanager (Natterer’s) Tachyphonus cristatus nattereri
Lacrimose Mountain-Tanager (Perija) Anisognathus lacrymosus pallididorsalis
Lacrimose Mountain-Tanager (melanops) Anisognathus lacrymosus melanops
Lacrimose Mountain-Tanager (yariguierum) Anisognathus lacrymosus yariguierum
Lacrimose Mountain-Tanager (intensus) Anisognathus lacrymosus intensus
Lacrimose Mountain-Tanager (palpebrosus Group) Anisognathus lacrymosus [palpebrosus Group]
Lacrimose Mountain-Tanager (lacrymosus) Anisognathus lacrymosus lacrymosus
Blue-gray Tanager (Blue-gray) Thraupis episcopus [cana Group]
Blue-gray Tanager (White-edged) Thraupis episcopus [episcopus Group]
Savannah Sparrow (Savannah) Passerculus sandwichensis [sandwichensis Group]
Moustached Brushfinch (Moustached) Atlapetes albofrenatus albofrenatus
Moustached Brushfinch (Merida) Atlapetes albofrenatus meridae
Slaty Brushfinch (Slaty) Atlapetes schistaceus [schistaceus Group]
Slaty Brushfinch (Taczanowki’s) Atlapetes schistaceus taczanowskii
Yellow-breasted Brushfinch (nigrifrons) Atlapetes latinuchus nigrifrons
Yellow-breasted Brushfinch (Yellow-breasted) Atlapetes latinuchus [latinuchus Group]
Red-crowned Ant-Tanager (Northern) Habia rubica [rubicoides Group]
Red-crowned Ant-Tanager (Scarlet-throated) Habia rubica [rubra Group]
Red-crowned Ant-Tanager (Red) Habia rubica rubica/bahiae
Blue Seedeater (Equatorial) Amaurospiza concolor aequatorialis
Blue-black Grosbeak (Blue-black) Cyanocompsa cyanoides [cyanoides Group]
Blue-black Grosbeak (Amazonian) Cyanocompsa cyanoides rothschildii
Baglafecht Weaver (Baglafecht) Ploceus baglafecht [baglafecht Group]
Baglafecht Weaver (Emin’s) Ploceus baglafecht emini
Baglafecht Weaver (Reichenow’s) Ploceus baglafecht reichenowi
Baglafecht Weaver (Stuhlmann’s) Ploceus baglafecht [stuhlmanni Group]
Vieillot’s Weaver (Chestnut-and-black) Ploceus nigerrimus castaneofuscus
Vieillot’s Weaver (Black) Ploceus nigerrimus nigerrimus