Clements Checklist

Updates & Corrections – December 2008

Page xv, Anhinga (Order Pelecaniformes, Family Anhinga),

Change to Anhingas (Order Pelecaniformes, Family Anhinga).

Page xvii, Cuckoo-Roller (Order Coraciiformes, Family Leptosomatidae)
Change to Cuckoo-Roller (Order Coraciiformes, Family Leptosomidae).

Page xviii, Wallcreeper (Order Passeriformes, Family Tichidromidae)
Change to Wallcreeper (Order Passeriformes, Family Tichodromidae).

Page 5, Red-winged Tinamou Rhynchotus rufescens
In accord with SACC , elevate subspecies maculicollis to species status: Huayco Tinamou Rhynchotus maculicollis.

Page 9, Black-browed Albatross Thalassarche melanophris
The scientific name of Black-browed Albatross is spelled melanophris by many authorities (including NACC), and as melanophrys by many others (including SACC). Clements retains–at least for now–the spelling melanophris.

Page 10, Antarctic Giant Petrel Macronectes giganteus
In accord with SACC, change the English name to Southern Giant-Petrel.

Page 10, Hall’s Giant Petrel Macronectes halli
In accord with SACC, change the English name to Northern Giant-Petrel.

Page 11, Madeira (Zino’s) Petrel Pterodroma madeira
Change the English name to Zino’s Petrel.

Page 11, Cape Verde (Fea’s) Petrel Pterodroma feae
In accord with NACC, change the English name to Fea’s Petrel.

Page 12, White-chinned Petrel Procellaria aequinoctialis conspicillata
In accord with SACC, this subspecies is elevated to species status, Spectacled Petrel Procellaria conspicillata.

Page 13, Audubon’s Shearwater Puffinus lherminieri subalaris
In accord with SACC, this subspecies is elevated to species status, Galapagos Shearwater Puffinus subalaris. Its position also is moved to just after Christmas Shearwater Puffinus nativitatis.

Page 14, Leach’s Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma leucorrhoa
Geographic variation in, and the taxonomy of, Leach’s Storm-Petrel, present several interesting, unresolved questions. Most current authorities recognize four subspecies, not five. Delete subspecies willeti, and revise the distribution statement for subspecies chapmani to Coronados Islands and San Benito Islands (nw Mexico). Bourne, W. R. P., and J. R. Jehl, Jr. 1982. Variation and nomenclature of Leach’s Storm-Petrels. Auk 99: 793-797
Powers, D. M., and D. G. Ainley. 1986. Seabird geographic variation: similarity among populations of Leach’s Storm-Petrel. Auk 103: 575-585

Page 17, Imperial Shag Phalacrocorax atriceps
In accord with SACC, change the English name to Imperial Cormorant.

Page 25, Andean Ibis Theristicus branickii
In accord with SACC, this species is lumped with Black-faced Ibis Theristicus melanopis. It retains an identity as the group:

Black-faced Ibis (Andean) Theristicus melanopis branickii

Pages 25-26, Order Phoenicopteriformes (Flamingos)
In accord with NACC and with SACC, grebes (Podicipediformes) and flamingos (Phoenicopteriformes) are each others’ closest relatives. Consequently, place the flamingoes immediately following the grebes.

Page 25, Caribbean Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber
In accord with NACC and SACC, change the English name to American Flamingo.

Pages 26-34, Order Anseriformes, and Pages 53-76
In accord with NACC and with SACC, the waterfowl (Anseriformes) and the chickens and relatives (Galliformes) now are recognized as each others’ closest relatives, and also are an ancient lineage, near the base of the avian evolutionary tree. Together, the anseriform and galliform clade (evolutionary branch) is known as the Galloanserae. These two orders now are placed immediately following the tinamous (Tinamiformes) in the Clements Checklist sequence.

Page 27, Ross’ Goose Chen rossii
Change the English name to Ross’s Goose.

Page 30, Eurasian Teal Anas crecca and Green-winged Teal Anas carolinensis
In accord with NACC, these two species are lumped as Green-winged Teal Anas crecca. Each retains its identity as the groups:

Green-winged Teal (Eurasian) Anas crecca/nimia                                           Green-winged Teal (American) Anas crecca carolinensis

Page 30, Mallard Anas platyrhynchus
Delete the subspecies A. p. maculosa.

Page 30, Mottled Duck Anas fulvigula
This species should include the following two subspecies:

Anas fulvigula fulvigula–Florida; introduced n to South Carolina
-Anas fulvigula maculosa–Gulf coast of US (Alabama to s Texas) and ne Mexico (Tamaulipas; winters to Veracruz)

Page 30, Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
In accord with NACC, the Spot-billed Duck is split into two species, Eastern Spot-billed Duck Anas zonorhyncha and Indian Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha (including subspecies poecilorhyncha and haringtoni).

Page 31, Crested Duck Anas specularioides
In accord with SACC, remove Crested Duck from the genus Anas and place it in the monotypic genus Lophonetta: Crested Duck Lophonetta specularioides. Also, place Lophonetta specularioides after the steamer-ducks (Tachyeres).

Page 33, White-winged Scoter Melanitta fusca
Delete the subspecies dixoni; this subspecies no longer is recognized by most authorities.
Palmer, R. S. 1976. Handbook of North American birds. Volume 3. Yale University Press, New Haven.
Pyle, P. 2008. Identification guide to North American birds. Part II. Slate Creek Press, Point Reyes Station, California.

Page 33, Andean Duck Oxyura ferruginea
In accord with SACC, this species is lumped with Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis. It retains an identity as the group:

Ruddy Duck (Andean) Oxyura jamaicensis ferruginea.

Page 36, Slender-billed Kite Rostrhamus hamatus
In accord, with NACC and SACC, this species is placed in the genus Helicolestes.

Page 37, Pallas’ Fish-Eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus
Change the English name to Pallas’s Fish-Eagle.

Page 40, Frances’ Goshawk Accipiter francesii
Change the English name to Frances’s Goshawk.

Page 43, Plain-breasted Hawk Accipiter ventralis and Rufous-thighed Hawk Accipiter erythronemius
In accord with NACC and SACC, these two species are lumped with Sharp-shinned Hawk Accipiter striatus. They retain their identities as the groups:

Sharp-shinned Hawk (Plain-breasted) Accipiter striatus ventralis
Sharp-shinned Hawk (Rufous-thighed) Accipiter striatus erythronemius

Page 43, Chilean Hawk Accipiter chilensis
In accord with SACC, this species is lumped with Bicolored Hawk Accipiter bicolor. It retains an identity as the group:

Bicolored Hawk (Chilean) Accipiter bicolor chilensis

Page 44, Common Black-Hawk Buteogallus anthracinus
In accord with NACC, subspecies gundlachii is split as a separate species, Cuban Black-Hawk Buteogallus gundlachii.

Page 44, Mangrove Black-Hawk Buteogallus subtilis
In accord with NACC and SACC, this species is lumped with Common Black-Hawk Buteogallus anthracinus. It retains an identity as:

-Common Black-Hawk (Mangrove) Buteogallus anthracinus [subtilis Group]

Page 45, Harris’ Hawk Parabuteo unicinctus
Change the English name to Harris’s Hawk.

Page 46, Puna Hawk Buteo poecilochrous
In accord with SACC, this species is lumped with Red-backed Hawk Buteo polyosoma. The combined species is known as Variable Hawk Buteo polyosoma.

Page 48, Ayres’ Hawk-Eagle Aquila ayresii
Change the English name to Ayres’s Hawk-Eagle.

Page 48, Black-and-white Hawk-Eagle Spizastur melanoleucus
In accord with NACC and with SACC, transfer this species to the genus Spizaetus.

Page 49, Black-and-chestnut Eagle Oroaetus isidori
In accord with SACC, transfer this species to the genus Spizaetus.

Page 53, Australian Brush-turkey Alectura lathami, Wattled Brush-turkey Aepyodius arfakianus, Bruijn’s Brush-turkey Aepyodius bruijnii, Red-billed Brush-turkey Talegalla cuvieri, Black-billed Brush-turkey Talegalla fuscirostris, and Brown-collared Brush-turkey Talegalla jobiensis
For all species, change the spelling of the group English name to “Brush-Turkey.”

Page 54, Niuafo’ou Scrubfowl Megapodius pritchardii
Change the English name to Niuafoou Scrubfowl.

Page 71, Edwards’ Pheasant Lophura edwardsi
Change the English name to Edwards’s Pheasant.

Page 72, Reeves’ Pheasant Syrmaticus reevesii
Change the English name to Reeves’s Pheasant.

Page 73, Green Pheasant Phasianus versicolor
In accord with NACC, this species is lumped with Ring-necked Pheasant Phasianus colchicus. It retains its identity as:

Ring-necked Pheasant (Green) Phasianus colchicus [versicolor Group]

Page 79, Forbes’ Rail Rallina forbesi
Change the English name to Forbes’s Rail.

Page 79, Junin Rail Laterallus tuerosi
In accord with SACC, this species is lumped with Black Rail Laterallus jamaicensis. It retains an identity as the group:

Black Rail (Junin) Laterallus jamaicensis tuerosi

Page 87, cariamas, family Cariamidae
In accord with SACC, the seriema family, Cariamidae, is removed from the Gruiformes and is placed in its own order Cariamiformes.

Page 89, American Painted-Snipe Rostratula semicollaris
In accord with SACC, the names (both English and scientific) of this species change to South American Painted-snipe Nycticryphes semicollaris.

Page 90, White-backed Stilt Himantopus melanurus
In accord with NACC and SACC, this is lumped with Black-necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus. It retains an identity as the group:

-Black-necked Stilt (White-backed) Himantopus mexicanus melanurus

Page 94, Forbes’ Plover Charadrius forbesi
Change the English name to Forbes’s Plover.

Page 95, Diademed Sandpiper-Plover Phegornis mitchelli
In accord with SACC, change the English name to Diademed Plover.

Pages 100-103, Laridae (Gulls)
In accord with NACC and SACC, and based on Pons et al. (Pons, J.-M.., A. Hassanin, and P.-A. Crochet. 2005. Phylogenetic relationships within the Laridae (Charadriiformes: Aves) inferred from mitochondrial markers. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 37: 686-699) and earlier references, there are extensive changes to the taxonomy of gulls. Many species are removed from the genus Larus, and as a result the linear sequence of species also is changed. The new names and sequence of gull species is as follows:

Swallow-tailed Gull        Creagrus furcatus
Black-legged Kittiwake        Rissa tridactyla
Red-legged Kittiwake        Rissa brevirostris
Ivory Gull            Pagophila eburnea
Sabine’s Gull            Xema sabini
Saunders’s Gull            Saundersilarus saundersi
Slender-billed Gull        Chroicocephalus genei
Bonaparte’s Gull         Chroicocephalus philadelphia
Andean Gull            Chroicocephalus serranus
Brown-hooded Gull        Chroicocephalus maculipennis
Black-billed Gull            Chroicocephalus bulleri
Red-billed Gull            Chroicocephalus scopulinus
Silver Gull            Chroicocephalus novaehollandiae
Gray-hooded Gull        Chroicocephalus cirrocephalus
Hartlaub’s Gull            Chroicocephalus hartlaubii
Black-headed Gull        Chroicocephalus ridibundus
Brown-headed Gull        Chroicocephalus brunnicephalus
Little Gull            Hydrocoloeus minutus
Ross’s Gull             Rhodostethia rosea
Dolphin Gull            Leucophaeus scoresbii
Gray Gull            Leucophaeus modestus
Laughing Gull            Leucophaeus atricilla
Franklin’s Gull            Leucophaeus pipixcan
Lava Gull            Leucophaeus fuliginosus
Mediterranean Gull        Ichthyaetus melanocephalus
Relict Gull            Ichthyaetus relictus
White-eyed Gull            Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus
Sooty Gull            Ichthyaetus hemprichii
Great Black-headed Gull    Ichthyaetus ichthyaetus
Audouin’s Gull            Ichthyaetus audouinii
Belcher’s Gull            Larus belcheri
Olrog’s Gull            Larus atlanticus
Black-tailed Gull        Larus crassirostris
Pacific Gull            Larus pacificus
Heermann’s Gull        Larus heermanni
Mew Gull            Larus canus
Ring-billed Gull            Larus delawarensis
Western Gull            Larus occidentalis
Yellow-footed Gull        Larus livens
California Gull            Larus californicus
Herring Gull            Larus argentatus
Yellow-legged Gull        Larus michahellis
Caspian Gull            Larus cachinnans                                                            Armenian Gull       Larus armenicus
Thayer’s Gull            Larus thayeri
Iceland Gull            Larus glaucoides
Lesser Black-backed Gull    Larus fuscus
Slaty-backed Gull        Larus schistisagus
Glaucous-winged Gull        Larus glaucescens
Glaucous Gull            Larus hyperboreus                                                           Great Black-backed Gull    Larus marinus
Kelp Gull            Larus dominicanus

Page 101, Heuglin’s Gull Larus heuglini
In accord with NACC and with Burger and Gochfeld (1996, Family Laridae, pages 572-623 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and J. Sargatal, editors, Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 3. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona), this species is lumped with Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus. It retains its identity as the group:

-Lesser Black-backed Gull (Heuglin’s) Larus fuscus heuglini

Page 101-102, East Siberian Gull Larus vegae vegae and American Herring Gull Larus smithonianus
In accord with NACC, this subspecies, and species are lumped with European Herring Gull Larus argentatus. The combined species is called Herring Gull Larus argentatus. The species formerly recognized by Clements retain their identities as the groups:

Herring Gull (Vega) Larus argentatus vegae
Herring Gull (American) Larus argentatus smithsonianus

Page 102, East Siberian Gull Larus vegae mongolicus and Steppe Gull Larus barabensis
In accord with NACC and with Burger and Gochfeld (1996, Family Laridae, pages 572-623 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and J. Sargatal, editors, Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 3. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona), this subspecies and this species are lumped with Caspian Gull Larus cachinnans. The species formerly recognized by Clements retain their identities as the groups:

Caspian Gull (Mongolian) Larus cachinnans mongolicus
Caspian Gull (Steppe) Larus cachinnans barabensis

Page 102, Gray-headed Gull Larus [=Chroicocephalus] cirrocephalus                      In accord with NACC and SACC, change the English name to Gray-hooded Gull.             

Page 102, Saunders’ Gull Larus [= Saundersilarus] saundersi
Change the English name to Saunders’s Gull.

Page 103, Ross’ Gull Rhodostethia rosea
Change the English name to Ross’s Gull.

Page 104, Saunders’ Tern Sternula saundersi
Change the English name to Saunders’s Tern.

Page 108, Xantus’ Murrelet Synthliboramphus hypoleucus
Change the English name to Xantus’s Murrelet.

Page 108, Pallas’ Sandgrouse Syrrhaptes paradoxus
Change the English name to Pallas’s Sandgrouse.

Page 110, São Tomé Pigeon Columba malherbii
Change the English name to Sao Tome Pigeon.

Page 119, Brown-backed Dove Leptoptila battyi
In accord with NACC, this species is lumped with Gray-headed Dove Leptotila plumbeiceps. It retains its identity as the group:

Gray-headed Dove (Brown-backed) Leptoptila plumbeiceps battyi/malae

Page 123, São Tomé Green-Pigeon Treron sanctithomae
Change the English name to Sao Tome Green-Pigeon.

Page 130, Ducorps’ Cockatoo Cacatua ducorpsii
Change the English name to Ducorps’s Cockatoo.

Page 135, Edwards’ Fig-Parrot Psittaculirostris edwardsii
Change the English name to Edwards’s Fig-Parrot.

Page 143, Socorro Parakeet Aratinga brevipes and Red-throated Parakeet Aratinga rubritorquis
In accord with NACC, both of these species are lumped with Green Parakeet Aratinga holochlora. Each retains its identity as the groups:

Green Parakeet (Socorro) Aratinga holochlora brevipes
Green Parakeet (Red-throated) Aratinga holochlora rubritorquis

Page 143, Hocking’s Parakeet Aratinga hockingi
Delete this species. Hocking’s Parakeet is a newly described species; the validity of this proposed species has not yet been ratified by SACC. Arndt, T. 2006. A revision of the Aratinga mitrata complex, with the description of one new species, two new subspecies and species-level status of Aratinga alticola. Journal of Ornithology 147: 73-86.

Page 143, Chapman’s Mitred Parakeet Aratinga alticola
In accord with SACC, this species is lumped with Mitred Parakeet Aratinga mitrata. It retains an identity as the group:

Mitred Parakeet (Chapman’s) Aratinga alticola alticola

Page 144, Nanday Parakeet Nandayus nenday
Clements retains the English name Nanday Parakeet, which also is the name adopted by SACC; note that this conflicts with NACC, which uses the name Black-hooded Parakeet.

Page 145, Sinu Parakeet Pyrrhura subandina, Todd’s Parakeet Pyrrhura caeruliceps, and Azuero Parakeet Pyrrhura eisenmanni,
In accord with NACC and SACC , these species are lumped with Painted Parakeet Pyrrhura picta. Each retains an identity as the groups:

Painted Parakeet (Sinu) Pyrrhura picta subandina
Painted Parakeet (Todd’s) Pyrrhura picta caeruliceps
Painted Parakeet (Azuero) Pyrrhura picta eisenmanni

Page 145, Red-crowned Parakeet Pyrrhura roseifrons
In accord with SACC, the English name of this species is changed to Rose-fronted Parakeet.

Page 145, Deville’s Parakeet Pyrrhura lucianii
In accord with SACC, the English name of this species is changed to Bonaparte’s Parakeet.

Page 145, Helmayr’s Parakeet Pyrrhura amazonum
In accord with SACC, the English name of this species is changed to Santarem Parakeet.

Page 145, Madeira Parakeet Pyrrhura snethlagae
In accord with SACC, this species is lumped with Santarem Parakeet Pyrrhura amazonum. It retains an identity as the group:

Santarem Parakeet (Madeira) Pyrrhura amazonum snethlagae

Page 145, Wavy-breasted Parakeet Pyrrhura peruviana
In accord with SACC, this species is lumped with Rose-fronted Parakeet Pyrrhura roseifrons. It retains an identity as the group:

Rose-fronted Parakeet (Wavy-breasted) Pyrrhura roseifrons peruviana

Page 145, White-eared Parakeet Pyrrhura leucotis
Delete subspecies anca [sic], which is a synonym of griseipectus.
Teixeira, D. M. 1991. Revalidacão de Pyrrhura anaca (Gmelin, 1788), do noreste do Brasil (Psittaciformes: Psittacidae). Ararajuba 2: 103-104.

Page 145, White-eared Parakeet Pyrrhura leucotis
In accord with SACC , the subspecies emma and auricularis are removed from White-eared Parakeet and instead are considered to be subspecies of Painted Parakeet Pyrrhura picta.

Page 145, White-eared Parakeet Pyrrhura leucotis
In accord with SACC, the subspecies pfrimeri is recognized as a separate species, Pfrimer’s Parakeet Pyrrhura pfrimeri.

Page 146, Cliff Parakeet Myiopsitta luchsi
In accord with SACC, this species is lumped with Monk Parakeet Myiopsitta monachus. It retains its identity as the group:

Monk Parakeet (Cliff) Myiopsitta monachus luchsi

Page 147, Canary-winged Parakeet Brotogeris versicolurus
In accord with NACC, change the English name of this species to White-winged Parakeet. Note that the name used in Clements differs from the name adopted by SACC.

Page 150, Yellow-faced Parrot Amazona xanthops
In accord with SACC (see also second reference), transfer this species to the genus Alipiopsitta. Place Yellow-faced Parrot Alipiopsitta xanthops between Short-tailed Parrot Graydidascalus brachyurus and Blue-headed Parrot Pionus menstruus.

Page 152, Ross’ Turaco Musophaga rossae
Change the English name to Ross’s Turaco.

Page 155, Klaas’ Cuckoo Chrysococcyx klaas
Change the English name to Klaas’s Cuckoo.

Page 156, Raffles’ Malkoha Phaenicophaeus chlorophaeus
Change the English name to Raffles’s Malkola.

Page 159, Dwarf Cuckoo Coccyzus pumilus and Ash-colored Cuckoo Coccyzus cinereus
In accord with SACC, these two species are removed from their current positions and are placed in the genus Coccycua. Also, the endings are changed for both species; the new names are Dwarf Cuckoo Coccycua pumila and Ash-colored Cuckoo Coccycua cinerea.

Page 164, São Tomé Scops-Owl Otus hartlaubi
Change the English name to Sao Tome Scops-Owl.

Page 166, Vermiculated Screech-Owl Megascops vermiculatus, Roraima Screech-Owl Megascops roraimae, Rio Napo Screech-Owl Megascops napensis
In accord with NACC and SACC, all of these species are lumped with Guatemalan Screech-Owl Megascops guatemalae. The combined species is known Vermiculated Screech-Owl Megascops guatemalae. In Clements, each of these former species will retain their identities as the groups:

Vermiculated Screech-Owl (Guatemalan) Megascops guatemalae [guatemalae Group]
Vermiculated Screech-Owl (Vermiculated) Megascops guatemalae vermiculatus
Vermiculated Screech-Owl (Roraima) Megascops guatemalae roraimae
Vermiculated Screech-Owl (Foothill) Megascops guatemalae [napensis Group]

The taxonomy of these interesting owls remains of considerable interest, and also remains confusing; for example, in some recent references the name Megascops centralis is used for what here is called Megascops guatemalae vermiculatus.

Page 167, Magellanic Horned Owl Bubo magellanicus
In accord with SACC, this species is lumped with Great Horned Owl Bubo virginianus. It retains an identity as the group:

Great Horned Owl (Magellanic) Bubo virginianus magellanicus

Page 169, Père David’s Owl Strix davidi
Change the English name to Pere David’s Owl.

Pages 170-171, Northern Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium californicum, Mountain Pygmy-Owl Glaucidum gnoma, Guatemalan Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium cobanense, and Cape Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium hoskinsii
In accord with NACC, these are considered to be a single species, Northern Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium gnoma. Entities within this species retain their identities as the groups:

Northern Pygmy-Owl (Mountain) Glaucidium gnoma gnoma
Northern Pygmy-Owl (Pacific) Glaucidium gnoma [californicum Group]
Northern Pygmy-Owl (Rocky Mts.) Glaucidium gnoma pinicola
Northern Pygmy-Owl (Guatemalan) Glaucidium gnoma cobanense
Northern Pygmy-Owl (Cape) Glaucidium gnoma hoskinsii

Page 171, Tucuman Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium tucumanum
In accord with SACC, this species is lumped with Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium brasilianum. It retains its identity as the group:

Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl (Tucuman) Glaucidium brasilianum tucumanum

Page 177, Marbled Frogmouth Podargus ocellatus
Delete P. o. inexpectatus
This subspecies is elevated to species rank, and is placed in the newly described genus Rigidipenna:
Solomon Islands Frogmouth Rigidipenna inexpectata. Insert this species after Papuan Frogmouth Podargus papuensis.
Cleere, N., A. W. Kratter, D. W. Steadman, M. J. Braun, C. J. Huddleston, C. E. Filardi, and G. Dutson. 2007. A new genus of frogmouth (Podardidae) from the Solomon Islands – results from a taxonomic review of Podargus inexpectatus Hartert 1901. Ibis 149: 271-286.

Page 180, Hispaniolan Nightjar Caprimulgus ekmani
In accord with NACC, this species is lumped with Greater Antillean Nightjar Caprimulgus cubanensis. It retains its identity as the group:

Greater Antillean Nightjar (Hispaniolan) Caprimulgus cubanensis ekmani

Page 181, Little Nightjar Caprimulgus parvulus
In accord with SACC, subspecies heterurus is elevated to species status as Todd’s Nightjar Caprimulgus heterurus.

Page 182, Sykes’ Nightjar Caprimulgus mahrattensis
Change the English name to Sykes’s Nightjar.

Page 182, Mees’ Nightjar Caprimulgus meesi
Change the English name to Mees’s Nightjar.

Page 183, Bates’ Nightjar Caprimulgus batesi
Change the English name to Bates’s Nightjar.

Page 184, Tepui Swift Cypseloides phelpsi
In accord with SACC, transfer this species to the genus Streptoprocne, and position it immediately following Chestnut-collared Swift Streptoprocne rutila.

Page 187, São Tomé Spinetail Zoonavena thomensis
Change the English name to Sao Tome Spinetail.

Page 189, Chapman’s Swift Chaetura chapmani
In accord with SACC, each of the two subspecies in this species is elevated to species rank. The two species are known as Chapman’s Swift Chaetura chapmani and Amazonian Swift Chaetura viridipennis.

Page 189, Tumbes Swift Chaetura ocypetes
In accord with SACC, this species is lumped with Short-tailed Swift Chaetura brachyura. It retains its identity as the group:

Short-tailed Swift (Tumbes) Chaetura brachyura ocypetes

Page 189, Ashy-tailed Swift Chaetura andrei
In accord with SACC, the species Ashy-tailed Swift Chaetura andrei is deleted. The nominate subspecies, Chaetura andrei andreii is a synonym of the southernmost subspecies of Vaux’s Swift, Chaetura vauxi aphanes, and so no longer is recognized. On the other hand, the second subspecies, Chaetura andrei meridionalis is elevated to species rank, Sick’s Swift Chaetura meridionalis.

Page 191, Bates’ Swift Apus batesi
Change the English name to Bates’s Swift.

Page 192, Pale-tailed Barbthroat Threnetes niger
In accord with SACC, the Sooty Barbthroat Threnetes niger is split from the Pale-tailed Barbthroat Threnetes leucurus. The Sooty Barbthroat includes two subspecies, niger and loehkeni.

Page 192, Western Long-tailed Hermit Phaethornis longirostris
In accord with NACC and SACC, change the English name of this species to Long-billed Hermit.

Page 192, Eastern Long-tailed Hermit Phaethornis superciliosus
In accord with SACC, change the English name of this species to Long-tailed Hermit.

Page 194, Swallow-tailed Hummingbird Campylopterus macroura
In accord with SACC, transfer this species to the genus Eupetomena. Swallow-tailed Hummingbird Eupetomena macroura should be placed after Buff-breasted Sabrewing Campylopterus duidae.

Page 194, Sombre Hummingbird Campylopterus cirrochloris
In accord with SACC, transfer this species to the genus Aphantochroa. Place Sombre Hummingbird Aphantochora cirrochloris immediately after Swallow-tailed Hummingbird Eupetomena macrourus.

Page 195, Brown Violet-ear Colibri delphinae, Green Violet-ear Colibri thalassinus, Sparkling Violet-ear Colibri coruscans, and White-vented Violet-ear Colibri serrirostris
In accord with NACC and SACC, change “Violet-ear” to “Violetear” for each species.

Page 196, Wire-crested Thorntail Popelairia popelairii, Black-bellied Thorntail Popelairia langsdorffi, and Coppery Thorntail Popelairia letitiae
In accord with SACC, transfer these three species to the genus Discosura.

Pages 196-197, Red-billed Streamertail Trochilus polytmus and Black-billed Streamertail Trochilus scitulus
In accord with NACC, these two species are lumped. The combined species is known as Streamertail Trochilus polytmus. Each retains its identity as the groups:

Streamertail (Red-billed)Trochilus polytmus polytmus

Streamertail (Black-billed)Trochilus polytmus scitulus

Page 197, Blue-chinned Sapphire Chlorostilbon notatus
In accord with SACC, this species is removed from the genus Chlorostilbon and placed in the genus Chlorestes; the scientific name becomes Chlorestes notata.

Page 197, Blue-tailed Emerald Chlorostilbon mellisugus
In accord with SACC, this species is split into the following species:

Western Emerald Chlorostilbon melanorhynchus (including subspecies pumilus)
Red-billed Emerald Chlorostilbon gibsoni (including subspecies chrysogaster  and nitens)

The remaining subspecies continue to be subspecies of the Blue-tailed Emerald Chlorostilbon mellisugus.

Page 198, Rufous-cheeked Hummingbird Goethalsia bella
In accord with NACC and SACC, change the English name of this species to Pirre Hummingbird.

Page 199, Xantus’ Hummingbird Hylocharis xantusii
Change the English name to Xantus’s Hummingbird.

Page 200, Many-spotted Hummingbird Leucippus hypostictus
In accord with SACC, transfer this species to the genus Taphrospilus.

Page 200, White-bellied Hummingbird Leucippus chionogaster and Green-and-white Hummingbird Leucippus viridicauda
In accord with SACC, transfer both species to the genus Amazilia.

Pages 200-202
In accord with NACC and SACC, the species of Agyrtia, Polyerata, and Saucerottia are transferred to the genus Amazilia.

Page 200, Loja Hummingbird Amazilia alticola
In accord with SACC, this species is considered a subspecies of Amazilia Hummingbird Amazilia amazilia. It retains its identity as the group:

Amazilia Hummingbird (Loja) Amazilia amazilia alticola

Page 200, Rondonia Emerald Agyrtria [= Amazilia] rondoniae
In accord with SACC, this species is considered a subspecies of Versicolored Emerald Agyrtria [= Amazilia] versicolor. This subspecies retains an identity as the group:

Versicolored Emerald (Rondonia) Amazilia versicolor rondoniae

Page 202, Alfaro’s Hummingbird Saucerottia [= Amazilia] alfaroana
In accord with NACC, this species, which is known only from a single specimen, is removed from Clements Checklist. Its validity as a valid taxon, and not a hybrid, has not been established.

Page 202, Copper-tailed Hummingbird Saucerottia [= Amazilia] cupreicauda
In accord with SACC, the three subspecies of Copper-tailed Hummingbird are lumped with Green-bellied Hummingbird Saucerottia [=Amazilia] viridigaster. This subspecies group retains an identity as the group:

Green-bellied Hummingbird (Copper-tailed) Amazilia viridigaster [cupreicauda Group]

Page 203, Gray-tailed Mountain-gem Lampornis cinereicauda
In accord with NACC, this species is lumped with White-throated Mountain-gem Lampornis castaneoventris. It retains an identity as the group:

White-throated Mountain-gem (Gray-tailed) Lampornis castaneoventris cinereicauda/homogenes

Page 205, Green-headed Hillstar Oreotrochilus stolzmanni
In accord with SACC, this species is lumped with Andean Hillstar Oreotrochilus estella. It retains an identity as the group:

Andean Hillstar (Green-headed) Oreotrochilus estella stolzmanni

Page 205, Gould’s Inca Coeligena inca
In accord with SACC, this species is lumped with Collared Inca Coeligena torquata. It retains an identity as the group:

Collared Inca (Gould’s) Coeligena torquata [inca Group]

Page 205, Golden Starfrontlet Coeligena eos
In accord with SACC, this species is lumped with Golden-bellied Starfrontlet Coeligena bonapartei. In retains an identity as the group:

Golden-bellied Starfrontlet (Golden-tailed) Coeligena bonapartei eos

Page 205, Golden-bellied Starfrontlet Coeligena bonapartei orina
In accord with SACC, this subspecies is elevated to species status as Dusky Starfrontlet Coeligena orina. Revise the range description to western Andes of Colombia (Antioquia).

Page 206, Longuemare’s Sunangel Heliangelus clarisse
In accord with SACC, this species is lumped with Amethyst-throated Sunangel Heliangelus amethysticollis. It retains an identity as the group:

Amethyst-throated Sunangel (Longuemare’s) Heliangelus amethysticollis [clarisse Group]

Page 206, insert after Black-breasted Puffleg Eriocnemis nigrivestis:

Gorgeted Puffleg Eriocnemis isabellae, Serranía del Pinche, sw Cauca, Colombia. Recently described species. See: Cortés-Diago, A., L. Alfonso O., L. Mazariegos-Hurtado, and A.-A. Weller. 2007. A new species of Eriocnemis (Trochilidae) from southwest Colombia. Ornitología Neotropical 18: 161-170.

Page 207, Coppery-naped Puffleg Eriocnemis sapphiropygia
In accord with SACC, this species is lumped with Sapphire-vented Puffleg Eriocnemis luciani. It retains an identity as:

Sapphire-vented Puffleg (Coppery-naped) Eriocnemis luciani [sapphiropygia Group]

Page 224, Highland Motmot Momotus aequatorialis
In accord with SACC, this species is lumped with Blue-crowned Motmot Momotus momota. It retains its identity as the group:

Blue-crowned Motmot (Highland) Momotus momota aequatorialis/chlorolaemus

Page 228, Family Leptosomatidae (Cuckoo-Roller)
Change the spelling of the family name to Leptosomidae.
Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1-281.   

Page 232-233, White-necked Puffbird Notharchus macrorhynchos
In accord with SACC, this species is split into two species:

White-necked Puffbird Notharchus hyperryhnchus (including subspecies cryptoleucus and paraensis)
Guianan Puffbird Notharchus macrorhynchos


Note that this taxonomy conflicts with that of NACC, where these two groups remain combined in a single species, White-necked Puffbird Notharchus macrorhynchos.

Page 233, Two-banded Puffbird Hypnelus bicinctus
In accord with SACC, this species is lumped with Russet-throated Puffbird Hypnelus ruficollis.
It retains its identity as the group:

Russet-throated Puffbird (Two-banded) Hypnelus ruficollis bicinctus/stoicus

Pages 235-240, Family Capitonidae (Barbets)
In accord with SACC and with Moyle (Moyle, R. G. 2004. Phylogenetics of barbets (Aves: Piciformes) based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30: 187-200), the barbets are split into four families:

-Capitonidae (New World; Capito and Eubucco)
-Semnornithidae (New World; Semnornis)
-Lybiidae (Africa)
-Megalaimidae (Asia)

Page 241, Wagler’s Toucanet Aulacorhynchus wagleri, Blue-throated Toucanet Aulacorhynchus caeruleogularis, Violet-throated Toucanet Aulacorhynchus cognatus, Santa Marta Toucanet Aulacorhynchus lautus, Andean Toucanet Aulacorhynchus albivitta, and Black-throated Toucanet Aulacorhynchus atrogularis
In accord with NACC and SACC, these species are lumped with Emerald Toucanet Aulacorhynchus prasinus. Each retains its identity as the groups:

Emerald Toucanet (Wagler’s) Aulacorhynchus prasinus wagleri
Emerald Toucanet (Blue-throated) Aulacorhynchus prasinus caeruleogularis/maxillaris
Emerald Toucanet (Violet-throated) Aulacorhynchus prasinus cognatus
Emerald Toucanet (Santa Marta) Aulacorhynchus prasinus lautus
Emerald Toucanet (Andean) Aulacorhynchus prasinus [albivitta Group]
Emerald Toucanet (Black-throated) Aulacorhynchus prasinus [atrogularis Group]

Page 242, Saffron Toucan Baillonius bailloni
In accord with SACC, transfer this species to the genus Pteroglossus.

Page 242, all species of araçari, Ptreroglossus sp.
Change the spelling of the group name to aracari.

Page 243, Red-billed Toucan Ramphasos tucanus
In accord with SACC, change the English name of this species to White-throated Toucan.

Page 243, Black-mandibled Toucan Ramphastos ambiguus
This species presents knotty problems. NACC recognizes two species, Chestnut-mandibled Toucan Ramphastos swainsonii and Black-mandibled Toucan Ramphastos ambiguus (including the subspecies abbreviatus). SACC (and the sixth edition of Clements) include these in a single species, Ramphastos ambiguus. Clements will follow NACC in recognizing two species. Clements follows the traditional taxonomy in which the subspecies abbreviatus is included within Black-mandibled Toucan, although field studies suggest that it may be more closely related to Chestnut-mandibled Toucan (Stiles, F. G., L. Rosselli, and C. I. Bohórquez, 1999, New and noteworthy records of birds from the middle Magdalena valley of Colombia, Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 119: 113-129). Finally, revise the range statements as follows:

Black-mandibled Toucan Ramphastos ambiguus abbreviatus, NE Colombia and NW Venezuela
Black-mandibled Toucan Ramphastos ambiguus ambiguus, E slope of the Andes from Colombia to c Peru

Page 245, Black-spotted Piculet Picumnus nigropunctatus
In accord with SACC, this species is considered to be a synonym of Golden-spangled Piculet Picumnus exilis salvini. It retains its identity as the group:

-Golden-spangled Piculet (Black-spotted) Picumnus exilis salvini

Page 246, Lewis’ Woodpecker Melanerpes lewis
Change the English name to Lewis’s Woodpecker.

Page 253, Smoky-brown Woodpecker Veniliornis fumigatus
In accord with NACC, retain this species in the genus Veniliornis; SACC has transferred this species to the genus Picoides.

Pages 254-255, Gray-crowned Woodpecker Piculus auricularis, Golden-olive Woodpecker Piculus rubinginosus, and Crimson-mantled Woodpecker Piculus rivolii
In accord with NACC and SACC, these species are transferred to the genus Colaptes.

Page 257, Rufous-headed Woodpecker Celeus spectabilis obrieni
In accord with SACC, this  subspecies is elevated to species rank as Kaempfer’s Woodpecker Celeus obrieni.

Page 265, Broad-billed Sapayoa Sapayoa aenigma
In accord with NACC and SACC, this species is placed in the family Eurylaimidae; the family Sapayoidae no longer is recognized. Also, in accord with NACC and NACC, change the English name of the species to Sapayoa.

Pages 268-289, Family Furnariidae
In accord with NACC and SACC (see also second reference), the sequence of genera within the ovenbirds has been revised. Three subfamilies are recognized: Sclerurinae, for the genera Sclerurus and Geositta; Furnariinae, for the remaining traditional ovenbirds; and Dendrocolaptinae, for the woodcreepers.

Page 268, Campo Miner Geobates poecilopterus
In accord with SACC, this species is placed in the genus Geositta. The linear sequence of the Geositta miners also is revised:

Coastal Miner Geositta peruviana
Common Miner Geositta cunicularia
Slender-billed Miner Geositta tenuirostris
Short-billed Miner Geositta antarctica
Creamy-rumped Miner Geositta isabellina
Dark-winged Miner Geositta saxicolina
Grayish Miner Geositta maritima
Puna Miner Geositta punensis
Rufous-banded Miner Geositta rufipennis
Campo Miner Geositta poeciloptera
Thick-billed Miner Geositta crassirostris

Page 269, Rock Earthcreeper Upucerthia andaecola, Straight-billed Earthcreeper Upucerthia ruficaudus, Band-tailed Earthcreeper Eremobius phoenicurus, and Crag Chilia Chilia melanura
In accord with SACC, these species all are placed together in the genus Ochetorhynchus.

Page 269, Bolivian Earthcreeper Ochetorhynchus harterti and Chaco Earthcreeper Ochetorhynchus certhioides
In accord with SACC, these two species are removed from Ochetorhynchus and are placed in the newly described genus Tarphonomus. In addition, the placement of Tarphonomus is moved to a position immediately following the tuftedcheeks Pseudocolaptes.

Page 269, Peruvian Seaside Cinclodes Cinclodes taczanowskii and Chilean Seaside Cinclodes Cinclodes nigrofumosus
In accord with SACC, change the English names of these species to
Surf Cinclodes Cinclodes taczanowskii and Seaside Cinclodes Cinclodes nigrofumosus.

Page 270, Tail-banded Hornero Furnarius figulus
In accord with SACC, change the English name of this species to Wing-banded Hornero.

Page 271, Des Murs’ Wiretail Sylviorthorhynchus desmursii
Change the English name to Des Murs’s Wiretail.

Page 272, Chicli Spinetail Synallaxis spixi
In accord with SACC, change the English name of this species to Spix’s Spinetail.

Page 273, Cabanis’ Spinetail Synallaxis cabanisi
Change the English name to Cabanis’s Spinetail.

Page 273, Marañón Spinetail Synallaxis maranonica
Change the English name to Maranon Spinetail.

Page 274, Chinchipe Spinetail Synallaxis chinchipensis
In accord with SACC, this species is lumped with Necklaced Spinetail Synallaxis stictothorax. It retains an identity as the group:

Necklaced Spinetail (Chinchipe) Synallaxis stictothorax chinchipensis

Page 276, Iquico Canastero Asthenes heterura
In accord with SACC, change the English name of this species to Maquis Canastero.

Page 276, Lesser Canastero Asthenes pyrrholeuca
In accord with SACC, change the English name of this species to Sharp-billed Canastero.

Page 277, Dark-winged Canastero Asthenes arequipae
In accord with SACC, this species is lumped with Creamy-breasted Canastero Asthenes dorbignyi. It retains an identity as the group:

Creamy-breasted Canastero (Dark-winged) Asthenes dorbignyi arequipae

Page 277, Pale-tailed Canastero Asthenes huancavelicae
In accord with SACC, this species is lumped with Creamy-breasted Canastero Asthenes dorbignyi. It retains an identity as:

Creamy-breasted Canastero (Pale-tailed) Asthenes dorbignyi [huancavelicae Group]

Page 277, Common Thornbird Phacellodomus rufifrons
In accord with SACC, change the English name of this species to Rufous-fronted Thornbird.

Page 279, Guttulated Foliage-gleaner Syndactyla guttulata
In accord with SACC, change the English name to Guttulate Foliage-gleaner.

Page 280, Russet-mantled Foliage-gleaner Philydor dimidiatum
In accord with SACC, this species is transferred to the genus Syndactyla: Russet-mantled Foliage-gleaner Syndactyla dimidiata.

Page 280, Crested Foliage-gleaner Anabazenops dorsalis
In accord with SACC, change the English name to Dusky-cheeked Foliage-gleaner.

Page 281, Pará Foliage-gleaner Automolus paraensis
Change the English name to Para Foliage-gleaner.

Page 284, Thrush-like Woodcreeper Dendrocincla turdina
I
n accord with NACC and SACC, this species is lumped with Plain-brown Woodcreeper Dendrocincla fuliginosa. It retains an identity as the group:

-Plain-brown Woodcreeper (Thrush-like) Dendrocincla fuliginosa turdina

Page 285, Uniform Woodcreeper Hylexetastes uniformis and Brigida’s Woodcreeper Hylexetastes brigidai
In accord with SACC, both species are lumped with Red-billed Woodcreeper Hylexetastes perrotii. These retain their identities as the groups:

Red-billed Woodcreeper (Uniform) Hylexetastes perrotii uniformis     Red-billed Woodcreeper (Brigida’s) Hylexetastes perrotii brigidai

Page 286, Carajás Woodcreeper Xiphocolaptes carajaensis
In accord with SACC, this species is lumped with Strong-billed Woodcreeper Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus. It is a member of theorenocensisGroup of the Strong-billed Woodcreeper.

Page 286, Lesser Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus fuscus brevirostris
Change the name of this subspecies to Xiphorhynchus fuscus pintoi.
Longmore, N.W., and L.F. Silveira. 2005. A replacement name for Xiphorhynchus fuscus brevirostris (Pinto 1938). Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 125: 153-154.

Page 287, Tschudi’s Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus chunchotambo
In accord with SACC, this species remains lumped with Ocellated Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus ocellatus. It retains an identity as the group:

Ocellated Woodcreeper (Tschudi’s) Xiphorhynchus ocellatus [chunchotambo Group]

Page 287, Juruá Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus juruanus
In accord with SACC, this species is lumped with Elegant Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus elegans. See also Marantz, C. A., A. Aleixo, L. R. Bevier, and M. A. Patten, 2003, Family Dendrocolaptidae (Woodcreepers), pages 358-447 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D. A. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the World. Volume 8. Broadbills to Tapaculos. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Page 287, Lafresnaye’s Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus guttatoides
In accord with SACC, this species is lumped with Buff-throated Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus guttatus. It  retains its identity as the groups:

Buff-throated Woodcreeper (Lafresnaye’s) Xiphorhynchus guttatus [guttatoides Group], which includes the subspecies guttatoides and dorbignyanus
Buff-throated Woodcreeper (Dusky-billed) Xiphorhynchus guttatus [eytoni Group], which includes the subspecies eytoni, vicinalis, and gracilirostris

Page 290-293, antshrike genera Sakesphorus and Thamnophilus
In accord with SACC, three species (Collared Antshrike, Black-backed Antshrike, and Band-tailed Antshrike) are transferred from the genus Sakesphorus to Thamnophilus. Also, in accord with SACC, the linear arrangement of species within Thamnophilus is revised.

Page 292, Marañón Slaty-Antshrike Thamnophilus leucogaster
In accord with SACC, this species is lumped with Northern Slaty-Antshrike Thamnophilus punctatus. It retains its identity as the group:

Northern Slaty-Antshrike (Maranon) Thamnophilus punctatus leucogaster/huallagae

Page 294, White-streaked Antvireo Dysithamnus leucostictus
In accord with SACC, this species is lumped with Plumbeous Antvireo Dysithamnus plumbeus. The two subspecies of White-streaked Antvireo retain identities as the groups:

Plumbeous Antvireo (White-streaked) Dysithamnus plumbeus leucostictus  -Plumbeous Antvireo (Venezuelan) Dysithamnus plumbeus tucuyensis

Page 294, Guianan Antwren Myrmotherula surinamensis and Amazonian Antwren Myrmotherula multostriata
In accord with SACC, change the English names to Guianan Streaked-Antwren and Amazonian Streaked-Antwren, respectively.

Page 294, Klages’ Antwren Myrmotherula klagesi
Change the English name to Klages’s Antwren.

Page 295, Brown-bellied Antwren Myrmotherula gutturalis; Checker-throated Antwren Myrmotherula fulviventris; White-eyed Antwren Myrmotherula leucophthalma; Foothill Antwren Myrmotherula spodionota; Stipple-throated Antwren Myrmotherula haematonota; Brown-backed Antwren Myrmotherula fjeldsaai; Ornate Antwren Myrmotherula ornata; and Rufous-tailed Antwren Myrmotherula erythrura
In accord with NACC and SACC, the “checker-throated” antwrens are transferred to the newly described genus Epinecrophylla.

Page 296, Pileated Antwren Herpsilochmus pileatus
In accord with SACC, change the English name of this species to Bahia Antwren.

Page 297, Narrow-billed Antwren Neorhopias iheringi
In accord with SACC, this species is transferred to the genus Formicivora.

Page 297, insert after Rusty-backed Antwren Formicivora rufa
Sincora Antwren Formicivora grantsaui, Serra do Sincorá in ne Brazil (Bahia)
Recently described species. See: Gonzaga, P. D., A. M. P. Carvalhaes, and D. R. C. Buzzetti. 2007. A new species of Formicivora antwren from the Chapada Diamantina, eastern Brazil (Aves: Passeriformes: Thamnophilidae). Zootaxa 1473:25-44.

Page 298, Willis’ Antbird Cercomacra laeta
Change the English name to Willis’s Antbird.

Page 300, Warbling Antbird Hypocnemis cantator
In accord with SACC, the Warbling Antbird is split into no fewer than six species:

Guianan Warbling-Antbird Hypocnemis cantator
Imeri Warbling-Antbird Hypocnemis flavescens
Peruvian Warbling-Antbird Hypocnemis peruviana (including subspecies saturata)
Yellow-breasted Warbling-Antbird Hypocnemis subflava (including subspecies collinsi)
Rondonia Warbling-Antbird Hypocnemis ochrogyna
Spix’s Warbling-Antbird Hypocnemis striata (including subspecies implicata and affinis)

Page 300-301, Slate-colored Antbird Percnostola schistacea, Spot-winged Antbird Percnostola leucostigma, and Caura Antbird Percnostola caurensis
In accord with SACC, transfer these species to the genus Schistocichla.

Page 300, Spot-winged Antbird Percnostola [=Schistocichla] leucostigma
In accord with SACC, this species is split into four species, as follows:

Spot-winged Antbird Schistocichla leucostigma (including subspecies infuscata, subplumbea, and intensa)
Humaita Antbird Schistocichla humaythae
Brownish-headed Antbird Schistocichla brunneiceps
Rufous-faced Antbird Schistocichla rufifacies


In addition, the subspecies obscura is moved to from the Spot-winged Antbird to the Roraiman Antbird Schistocichla saturata.
See also Isler, M. L., P. R. Isler, B. M. Whitney, and K. J. Zimmer. 2007. Species limits in the “Schistocichla
complex of Percnostola antbirds (Passeriformes: Thamnophilidae). Wilson Journal of Ornithology 119:53-70.

Page 302, Scale-backed Antbird Hylophylax poecilinotus
In accord with SACC, this species is moved to the newly described genus Willisornis.

Page 303, Mexican Antthrush Formicarius moniliger
In accord with NACC, this species is lumped with Black-faced Antthrush Formicarius analis. It retains its identity as the group:

Black-faced Antthrush (Mexican) Formicarius analis [moniliger Group]

Pages 304-308, antpittas (genera Grallaria, Hylopezus, Myrmothera, and Grallaricula)
In accord with NACC and SACC, these four genera of antpittas are removed from the Formicariidae; together, they make up to the family Grallariidae. Additionally, the antpitta genus Pittasoma is transferred to the family Conopophagidae.

Page 307, Watkins’ Antpitta Grallaria watkinsi
Change the English name to Watkins’s Antpitta.

Page 309, White-breasted Tapaculo Scytalopus indigoticus and Bahia Tapaculo Scytalopus psychopompus
In accord with SACC, these two species are transferred to the newly described genus Eleoscytalopus.

Page 309, insert after Mouse-colored Tapaculo Scytalopus speluncae Diamantina Tapaculo Scytalopus diamantinensis, Chapada Diamantina region of northeastern Brazil (Bahia) Recently described species. See:
Bornschein, M. R., G. N. Maurício, R. Belmonte-Lopes, H. Mata and S. L. Bonatto. 2007. Diamantina Tapaculo, a new Scytalopus endemic to the Chapada Diamantina, northeastern Brazil (Passeriformes: Rhinocryptidae). Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 15: 151-174.

Page 309, Wetland Tapaculo Scytalopus iraiensis
In accord with SACC, change the English name to Marsh Tapaculo.

Page 309, Nariño Tapaculo Scytalopus vicinior
Change the English name to Narino Tapaculo.

Page 309, Stiles’ Tapaculo Scytalopus stilesi
Change the English name to Stiles’s Tapaculo.

Page 310, Pale-throated Tapaculo Scytalopus panamensis
Clements retains the English name Pale-throated Tapaculo, which also is the name adopted by SACC; NACC uses the name Tacarcuna Tapaculo.

Page 311, Crescent-chests (Melanopareia)
In accord with SACC, the crescentchests are removed from the Rhinocryptidae and are placed in their own family, Melanopareiidae. In addition, in accord with SACC, remove the hyphen from the English name “crescentchest.”

Page 311, Marañón Crescent-chest Melanopareia maranonica
Change the English name to Maranon Crescentchest.

Pages 311-347, families Cotingidae (Cotingas), Pipridae (Manakins), and Tyrant Flycatchers (Tyrannidae)
Although “core” cotingas, manakins and tyrant-flycatchers readily are recognizable, the boundaries of each of these groups have been difficult to define, and some genera have taxonomic histories that include shifts from one family to another. We may be approaching a better resolution of these phylogenies (although questions remain!). Following a series of decisions from SACC (reinstate family Oxyruncidae and adopt the family Tityridae), Clements adopts the following sequence of families:

-Tyrannidae (Tyrant Flycatchers)
-Oxyruncidae
-Cotingidae (Cotingas)
-Pipridae (Manakins)
-Tityridae (Tityras)
-Genera Incertae Sedis

In more detail, this requires the following revisions to Clements:

Page 311, Sharpbill Oxyruncus cristatus
Transfer this species to the monotypic family Oxyruncidae
Page 311, Shrike-like Cotinga Laniisoma elegans
Transfer this species to the new family Tityridae
Page 312, Swallow-tailed Cotinga Phibalura flavirostris
Transfer this species to Tyranni Incertae Sedis
Pages 312-313, purpletufts Iodopleura ssp.
Transfer these species to the new family Tityridae
Page 313, Kinglet Calyptura Calyptura cristata
Transfer this species to Tyranni Incertae Sedis
Page 318, piprites Piprites ssp.
Transfer these species to Tyranni Incertae Sedis
Page 318, schiffornis Schiffornis ssp.
Transfer these species to the new family Tityridae
Pages 345-347, mourners (Laniocera), tityras (Tityra), White-naped Xenopsaris (Xenopsaris albinucha), and becards (Pachyramphus)
Transfer all species in these genera to the new family Tityridae

Page 315, Blue-crowned Manakin Lepidothrix coronata
In accord with SACC, Clements places this species in the genus Lepidothrix; it is placed in the genus Pipra by NACC.

Page 315, Tepui Manakin Lepidothrix suavissima
In accord with SACC, change the English name of this species to Orange-bellied Manakin.

Page 315, White-crowned Manakin Dixiphia pipra
In accord with NACC and SACC, transfer this species to the genus Pipra.

Page 316, White-bearded Manakin Manacus manacus milleri
Delete this entry (the entire line); this is the same as Golden-collared Manakin Manacus vitellinus milleri.

Page 316, Blue Manakin Chiroxphia caudata
In accord with SACC, change the English name of this species to Swallow-tailed Manakin.

Page 316, White-ruffed Manakin Corapipo altera
In accord with SACC, subspecies leucorrhoa is elevated to species rank as White-bibbed Manakin Corapipo leucorrhoa.

Page 317, Western Striped-Manakin Machaeropterus striolatus and Eastern Striped-Manakin Machaeropterus regulus
In accord with SACC, these two species are lumped as Striped Manakin Machaeropterus regulus. Each retains its identity as the groups:

Striped Manakin (Western) Machaeropterus regulus striolatus

Striped Manakin (Eastern) Machaeropterus regulus regulus

Page 317, Jet Manakin Chloropipo unicolor, Olive Manakin Chloropipo uniformis, Green Manakin Chloropipo holochlora, and Yellow-headed Manakin Chloropipo flavicapilla
In accord with SACC, transfer all of these species to the genus Xenopipo. Note that this taxonomy differs from that of NACC, where Green Manakin (the only member of this group that occurs in North America) is retained in Chloropipo.

Page 317, Flame-crested Manakin Heterocercus linteatus, Yellow-crested Manakin Heterocercus flavivertex, and Orange-crested Manakin Heterocercs aurantiivertex
In accord with SACC, change “-crested” to “-crowned.”

Page 317, Serra Tyrant-Manakin Neopelma chrysolophum
In accord with SACC, change the English name of this species to Serra do Mar Tyrant-Manakin.

Page 318, Greater Schiffornis Schiffornis major
In accord with SACC, change the English name of this species to Varzea Schiffornis.

Page 318, insert after Planalto Tyrannulet Phyllomias fasciatus:
Yungas Tyrannulet Phyllomyias weedeni, Andes of se Peru (e Puno) and Bolivia (La Paz to Cochabamba). Recently described species. See:
Herzog, S. K., M. Kessler, and J. A. Balderrama. 2008. A new species of tyrannulet (Tyrannidae: Phyllomyias) from Andean foothills in northwest Bolivia and adjacent Peru. Auk 125: 265-276.

Page 324, Venezuelan Tyrannulet Zimmerius improbus
In accord with SACC, this species is lumped with Paltry Tyrannulet Zimmerius vilissimus. It retains its identity as:

Paltry Tyrannulet (Venezuelan) Zimmerius vilissimus [improbus Group]

Page 324, Slender-footed Tyrannulet Zimmerius gracilipes
In accord with SACC, subspecies acer is elevated to species rank as Guianan Tyrannulet Zimmerius acer.
Also, revise the range statements for these three taxa as follows:

Slender-footed Tyrannulet Zimmerius gracilipes gracilipes, SE Venezuela and E Colombia to nw Brazil and ne Peru
Slender-footed Tyrannulet Zimmerius gracilipes gilvus, SE Peru and w Brazil to n Bolivia
Guianan Tyrannulet Zimmerius acer, the Guianas and ne Brazil (Amazonas E to Ceará)

Page 324, Golden-faced Tyrannulet Zimmerius chrysops
In accord with SACC, subspecies albigularis is elevated to species rank as Choco Tyrannulet Zimmerius albigularis. This species is more closely related to Paltry Tyrannulet Zimmerius vilissimus than it is to Golden-faced Tyrannulet; in the linear sequence, it should be placed between Paltry Tyrannulet and Bolivian Tyrannulet Zimmerius bolivianus.

Page 327, Pale-eyed Pygmy-Tyrant Atalotriccus pilaris
In accord with SACC, Clements retains this species in the monotypic genus Atalotriccus; it is placed in the genus Lophotriccus by NACC.

Page 327, Drab-breasted Bamboo-Tyrant Hemitriccus diops, Brown-breasted Bamboo-Tyrant Hemitriccus obsoletus, and Flammulated Bamboo-Tyrant Hemitriccus flammulatus
In accord with SACC, change “Bamboo-Tyrant” to “Pygmy-Tyrant” for each species.

Page 327, Johannes’ Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus iohannis
Change the English name to Johannes’s Tody-Tyrant.

Page 328, Lulu’s Tody-Tyrant Poecilotriccus luluae
In accord with SACC (see also second reference), change the English name to Johnson’s Tody-Flycatcher.

Page 328, Rufous-crowned Tody-Tyrant Poecilotriccus ruficeps, White-cheeked Tody-Tyrant Poecilotriccus albifacies, and Black-and-white Tody-Tyrant Poecilotriccus capitalis
In accord with SACC, change “Tody-Tyrant” to “Tody-Flycatcher” for each species.

Page 329, Yellow-lored Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum poliocephalum
In accord with SACC, change the English name to Gray-headed Tody-Flycatcher.

Page 329, Short-tailed Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum viridanum
In accord with SACC, change the English name to Maracaibo Tody-Flycatcher.

Page 331, Northern Royal Flycatcher Onychorhynchus mexicanus and Pacific Royal Flycatcher Onychorhyncus occidentalis
In accord with NACC and SACC, both of these species are lumped with Amazonian Royal Flycatcher Onychorhynchus coronatus; the combined species is known as Royal Flycatcher Onychorhynchus coronatus. Each retains its identity as the groups:

Royal Flycatcher (Northern) Onychorhynchus coronatus mexicanus

-Royal Flycatcher (Pacific) Onychorhynchus coronatus occidentalis

Page 331, Brownish Flycatcher Cnipodectes subbrunneus
In accord with NACC and SACC, change the English name to Brownish Twistwing.

Page 331, insert after Brownish Flycatcher Cnipodectes subbrunneus
Rufous Twistwing Cnipodectes superrufus, sw Amazonia in se Peru, sw Brazil, and nw Bolivia. Recently described species. See: Lane, D. F., G. P. Servat, T. Valqui H., and F. R. Lambert.2007. A distinctive new species of tyrant flycatcher (Passeriformes: Tyrannidae: Cnipodectes) from southeastern Peru. Auk 124: 762-772.

Page 332, Yellow-rumped Flycatcher Myiobius mastacalis
In accord with SACC and with Fitzpatrick et al. (2004, Family Tyrannidae (Tyrant Flycatchers), pages 170-462 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D. A. Christie, editors, Handbook of the birds of the world, volume 9. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona), this species is lumped with Whiskered Flycatcher Myiobius barbatus. It retains its identity as the group:

Whiskered Flycatcher (Yellow-rumped) Myiobius barbatus mystacalis

Page 333, Cinnamon Tyrant Neopipo cinnamomea
In accord with SACC, change the English name of this species to Cinnamon Manakin-Tyrant.

Page 337, Caatinga Black-Tyrant Knipolegus franciscanus
In accord with SACC, this species is lumped with White-winged Black-Tyrant Knipolegus aterrimus. It retains its identity as the group:

White-winged Black-Tyrant (Caatinga) Knipolegus aterrimus franciscanus

Page 337, Peruvian Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca spodionta
In accord with SACC, this species is lumped with Crowned Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca frontalis. It retains its identity as the group:

Crowned Chat-Tyrant (Kalinowski’s) Ochthoeca frontalis spodionota/boliviana

Page 337, Maroon-chested Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca thoracica
In accord with SACC, this species is lumped Slaty-backed Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca cinnamomeiventris. It retains its identity as the group:

Slaty-backed Chat-Tyrant (Maroon-chested) Ochthoeca cinnamomeiventris

Page 339, Rufous-webbed Tyrant Polioxolmis rufipennis
In accord with SACC, change the English name of this species to Rufous-webbed Bush-Tyrant.

Page 339, White-tailed Shrike-Tyrant Agriornis andicola
In accord with SACC, change the scientific name of this species to Agriornis albicauda.

Page 341, Lesser Kiskadee Philohydor lector
In accord with NACC and with SACC, transfer this species to the genus Pitangus.

Page 342, Crowned Slaty Flycatcher Griseotyrannus aurantioatrocristatus
In accord with SACC, transfer this species to the genus Empidonomus. Also, the English name is hyphenated: Crowned Slaty-Flycatcher Empidonomus aurantioatrocristatus.

Page 348, Williams’ Lark Mirafra williamsi
Change the English name to Williams’s Lark.

Pages 357-363, Swallows (Family Hirundinidae)
In accord with SACC and with Sheldon et al. (Sheldon, F. H., L. A. Whittingham, R. G. Moyle, B. Slikas, and D. W. Winkler. 2005. Phylogeny of swallows (Aves: Hirundinidae), there are extensive changes to the nomenclature on New World swallows, and to the linear sequence of all genera of swallows. These changes are summarized in the following list of swallow genera:

-river martins Pseudochelidon
-neotropical endemic genera Pygochelidon (cyanoleuca, melanoleuca)
Alopochelidon fucata
Orochelidon (flavipes, murina, andecola)
Atticora (pileata, fasciata, tibialis)

-rough-winged swallows Stelgidopteryx
-American martins Progne
-tree swallows Tachycineta
-sand martins Riparia
-African martins Phedina
-crag martins Ptyonoprogne
-barn swallows Hirundo
-red-rumped swallows Cecropis
-cliff swallows Petrochelidon
-house martins Delichon
-sawwings Psalidoprocne
Gray-rumped Swallow Pseudohirundo griseopyga
White-backed Swallow Cheramoeca leucosterna

Note also that this arrangement conflicts with that of NACC, which has not yet addressed the relationships of swallows in light of recent phylogenetic work. Among other differences, NACC currently places the Black-capped Swallow in the genus Notiochelidon, and the White-thighed Swallow in the genus Neochelidon.

Page 362, Preuss’ Swallow Petrochelidon preussi
Change the English name to Preuss’s Swallow.

Page 367, Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava
In accord with the IOC (Gill, F., and M. Wright, 2006, Birds of the world. Recommended English names, Princeton University Press), change the English name to Western Yellow Wagtail.

Page 370, White-bellied Cuckoo-shrike Coracina papuensis
Subspecies Coracina papuensis oriomo is listed twice, with slightly different range descriptions. Retain the first entry (with range description as “Lowlands of se New Guinea and ne Australia (n Queensland)”); delete the second entry for Coracina papuensis oriomo.

Page 380, Cabanis’ Greenbul Phyllastrephus cabanisi
Change the English name to Cabanis’s Greenbul.

Page 388, Black-capped Donacobius Donacobius atricapillus
This species has a long and checkered taxonomic history. Recent phylogenetic data clearly suggests that the donacobius is not a wren, but instead is nested within the radiations of Old World warblers. SACC has voted to place the donacobius in a separate family, Donacobiidae. For the present, Donacobiidae may be placed between the Cisticolidae (Cisticolas and allies) and the Sylviidae (Old World warblers). This position should be regarded as provisional, pending future revisions in Clements of the families of Old World warblers and babblers; this is an area of ongoing phylogenetic research.

Page 390, Rock Wren Salpinctes obsoletus
In place of a single subspecies Salpinctes obsoletus guttatus in southern Central America, three subspecies will be recognized:

Salpinctes obsoletus guttatus Highlands of El Salvador
Salpinctes obsoletus fasciatus
Highlands of nw Nicaragua
Salpinctes obsoletus costaricensis
Highlands of nw Costa Rica

Phillips, A. R. 1986. The known birds of North and Middle America. Part I. Hirundinidae to Mimidae; Certhiidae. Privately published, Denver, Colorado.

Page 394, Cobb’s Wren Troglodytes cobbi
In accord with SACC, this species is lumped with House Wren Troglodytes aedon. It retains an identity as the group:

House Wren (Cobb’s) Troglodytes aedon cobbi

Page 399, Vizcaino Thrasher Toxostoma arendicola
In accord with NACC, this species is lumped with LeConte’s Thrasher Toxostoma lecontei. It retains its identity as the group:

Le Conte’s Thrasher (Vizcaino) Toxostoma lecontei arenicola

Pages 410-412, Sooty Robin Turdus nigrescens, Black Robin Turdus infuscatus, Mountain Robin Turdus plebejus, and Clay-colored Robin Turdus grayi
In accord with NACC and with SACC, change the English name of each species from “Robin” to “Thrush.”

Page 411, Andean Slaty-Thrush Turdus nigriceps and Eastern Slaty-Thrush Turdus subalaris
In accord with SACC, these two species are lumped as Slaty Thrush Turdus nigriceps. Each retains its identity as the groups:

Slaty Thrush (Andean) Turdus nigriceps nigriceps

Slaty Thrush (Eastern) Turdus nigriceps subalaris

Page 411, Marañón Thrush Turdus maranonicus
Change the English name to Maranon Thrush.

Page 412, Bare-eyed Thrush Turdus nudigenis
In accord with SACC, change the English name of this species to Spectacled Thrush. Note that NACC retains the name “Bare-eyed Thrush.”

Page 412, Ecuadorian Thrush Turdus maculirostris
In accord with SACC, this species is lumped with Spectacled Thrush Turdus nudigenis. It retains its identity as the group:

Spectacled Thrush (Ecuadorian) Turdus nudigenis maculirostris

Pages 407-413, genera Platycichla and Turdus (robins and thrushes)
In accord with SACC, the genus Platycichla no longer is recognized; Pale-eyed Thrush Platycichla leucops and Yellow-legged Thrush Platycichla flavipes both are transferred to the genus Turdus. Also, the sequence of species of the New World Turdus is revised as follows (NACC, and SACC):

Sooty Thrush Turdus nigrescens
Black Thrush Turdus infuscatus
Mountain Thrush Turdus plebejus
Pale-eyed Thrush Turdus leucops
Austral Thrush Turdus falcklandii
Plumbeous-backed Thrush Turdus reevei
Yellow-legged Thrush Turdus flavipes
Pale-breasted Thrush Turdus leucomelas
Cocoa Thrush Turdus fumigatus
Hauxwell’s Thrush Turdus hauxwelli
Pale-vented Thrush Turdus obsoletus
Rufous-bellied Thrush Turdus rufiventris
Clay-colored Thrush Turdus grayi
Spectacled Thrush Turdus nudigenis
White-eyed Thrush Turdus jamaicensis
Unicolored Thrush Turdus haplochrous
Lawrence’s Thrush Turdus lawrencii
Creamy-bellied Thrush Turdus amaurochalinus
Black-billed Thrush Turdus ignobilis
Maranon Thrush Turdus maranonicus
Chestnut-bellied Thrush Turdus fulviventris
Black-hooded Thrush Turdus olivater
Slaty Thrush Turdus nigriceps
Great Thrush Turdus fuscater
Chiguanco Thrush Turdus chiguanco
Glossy-black Thrush Turdus serranus
White-throated Thrush Turdus assimilis
White-necked Thrush Turdus albicollis
Rufous-backed Robin Turdus rufopalliatus
Rufous-collared Robin Turdus rufitorques
American Robin Turdus migratorius
La Selle Thrush Turdus swalesi
White-chinned Thrush Turdus aurantius
Grand Cayman Thrush Turdus ravidus
Red-legged Thrush Turdus plumbeus

Page 416, Carruthers’ Cisticola Cisticola carruthersi
Change the English name to Carruthers’s Cisticola.

Page 421, São Tomé Prinia Prinia molleri
Change the English name to Sao Tome Prinia.

Page 421, Roberts’ Prinia Prinia robertsi
Change the English name to Roberts’s Prinia.

Page 429, Pallas’ Warbler Locustella certhiola
Change the English name to Pallas’s Warbler.

Page 432, Sykes’ Warbler Hippolais rama
Change the English name to Sykes’s Warbler.

Page 438, Brooks’ Leaf-Warbler Phylloscopus subviridis
Change the English name to Brooks’s Leaf-Warbler.

Page 443, Wrentit Chamaea fasciata
In accord with NACC, transfer this species to the family Timaliidae. Insert Wrentit between Rufous-tailed Babbler Chrysomma poecilotis and Spiny Babbler Turdoides nipalensis.

Page 444, Ménétries’ Warbler Sylvia mystacea
Change the English name to Menetries’s Warbler.

Page 445, Tawny-faced Gnatwren Microbates cinereiventris
In accord with NACC, Clements retains the English name Tawny-faced Gnatwren; SACC uses the English name Half-collared Gnatwren.

Page 445, Long-billed Gnatwren Ramphocaenus melanurus
Revise the distribution statement of Ramphocaenus melanurus rufiventris to
Trop. se Mexico to Panama, w Colombia, w Ecuador, and nw Peru (Tumbes).

Page 462, European Stonechat Saxicola rubicola, Siberian Stonechat Saxicola maurus, and African Stonechat Saxicola torquatus
In accord with NACC, these three species are lumped into a single species, Stonechat Saxicola torquatus. Each retains its identify as:

Stonechat (European) Saxicola torquatus rubicola/hibernans
Stonechat (Siberian) Saxicola torquatus [maurus Group]
Stonechat (African) Saxicola torquatus [torquatus Group]

Page 473, Bates’ Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone batesi
Change the English name to Bates’s Paradise-Flycatcher.

Page 473, São Tomé Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone atrochalybeia
Change the English name to Sao Tome Paradise-Flycatcher.

Page 490, Père David’s Laughingthrush Garrulax davidi
Change the English name to Pere David’s Laughingthrush.

Page 501, insert after Sooty Babbler Stachyris herberti:
Nonggang Babbler Stachyris nonggangensis, sw Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, s China. Recently described species. See: Zhou, F., and A. Jiang. 2008. A new species of babbler (Timaliidae: Stachyris) from the Sino-Vietnamese border region of China. Auk 125: 420-424.

Page 525, Père David’s Tit  Poecile davidi
Change the English name to Pere David’s Tit.

Page 529, Oak Titmouse Baeolophus inornatus
Delete subspecies sequestriatus; this subspecies is not distinguishable from Baeolophus inornatus inornatus. Consequently, revise the range statement of inornatus to sw Oregon and n California s to s California Santa Barbara and Kern counties). Also delete subspecies Baeolophus inornatus ridgwayi, which is part of Juniper Titmouse Baeolophis ridgwayi. The range description associated with Baeolophus ridgwayi ridgwayi is correct. Cicero, C. 1996. Sibling species of titmice in the Parus inornatus complex (Aves: Paridae). University of California Publications in Zoology 128: 1–217.

Page 536, São Tomé Sunbird Dreptes thomensis
Change the English name to Sao Tome Sunbird.

Page 540, Bates’ Sunbird Cinnyris batesi
Change the English name to Bates’s Sunbird.

Page 550, São Tomé White-eye Zosterops ficedulinus
Change the English name to Sao Tome White-eye.

Page 552, insert after Black-crowned White-eye Zosterops atrifrons:
Togian White-eye Zosterops somadikartai, Togian Islands, Sulawesi, Indonesia.
Recently described species. See: Indrawan, M., P. C. Rasmussen, and Sunarto. 2008. A new White-eye (Zosterops) from the Togian Islands, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 120: 1-9.

Page 563, Brass’ Friarbird Philemon brassi
Change the English name to Brass’s Friarbird.

Page 565, insert after Smoky Honeyeater Melipotes fumigatus:
Wattled Smoky Honeyeater Melipotes carolae, Foja Mountains of w New Guinea. Recently described species. See:Beehler, B. M., D. M. Prawiradilaga, Y. de Fretes, and N. Kemp. 2007. A new species of smoky honeyeater (Meliphagidae: Melipotes) from western New Guinea. Auk 124: 1000-1009.

Page 568, São Tomé Oriole Oriolus crassirostris
Change the English name to Sao Tome Oriole.

Page 569, Green Figbird Sphecotheres viridis
Delete the entry for subspecies flaviventris. The entry for flaviventris under the following species, Australian Figbird Sphecotheres vieilloti, is correct. This correction supersedes the correction of 8 October 2007. Sorry!–but I think we have it right now.

Page 573, Bulo Burti Boubou Laniarius libertaus
Delete this species; it is a color morph of Somali Boubou Laniarius erlangeri.
Nguembock, B., J. Fjeldså, A. Coulox, and E. Pasquet. 2008. Phylogeny of Laniarius: Molecular data reveal L. liberatus synonymous with L. erlangeri and “plumage coloration” as unreliable morphological characters for defining species and species groups. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 48: 396-407.

Page 574, Tropical Boubou Laniarius aethiopicus
Elevate Laniarius aethiopicus erlangeri to species rank, Somali Boubou Laniarius erlangeri; the distribution remains unchanged. Insert after Red-naped Bushshrike Laniarius ruficeps. Nguembock, B., J. Fjeldså, A. Coulox, and E. Pasquet. 2008. Phylogeny of Laniarius: Molecular data reveal L. liberatus synonymous with L. erlangeri and “plumage coloration” as unreliable morphological characters for defining species and species groups. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 48: 396-407.

Page 574, Tropical Boubou Laniarius aethiopicus
Elevate Laniarius aethiopicus sublacteus to species rank, Zanzibar Boubou Laniarius sublacteus; the distribution remains unchanged. Insert after Tropical Boubou Laniarius aethiopicus. Nguembock, B., J. Fjeldså, A. Coulox, and E. Pasquet. 2008. Phylogeny of Laniarius: Molecular data reveal L. liberatus synonymous with L. erlangeri and “plumage coloration” as unreliable morphological characters for defining species and species groups. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 48: 396-407.

Page 577, Coral-billed Nuthatch Hypositta corallirostris
Change the English name to Nuthatch-Vanga.

Page 582, genera Cnemophilus and Loboparadisea
Remove these three species from the Paradisaeidae (Birds-of-paradise); they constitute a separate family, Cnemophilidae. Insert Cnemophilidae immediately following the Honeyeaters, Meliphagidae. The English name of each of these three species also is changed:

-Change Loria’s Bird-of-paradise Cnemophilus loriae to Loria’s Satinbird.
-Change Crested Bird-of-paradise Cnemophilus macgregorii to Crested Satinbird.
-Change Yellow-breasted Bird-of-paradise Loboparadisea sericea to Yellow-breasted Satinbird.

Cracraft, J., and J. Feinstein. 2000. What is not a bird-of-paradise? Molecular and morphological evidence places Macgregoria in the Meliphagidae and the Cnemophilinae near the base of the corvoid tree. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B 267: 233-241

Page 583, Macgregor’s Bird-of-paradise Macgregoria pulchra
Remove this species from the Paradisaeidae (Birds-of-paradise); it belongs to the Meliphagidae (Honeyeaters), and should be placed following the species of Melipotes. Change the English name from Magregor’s Bird-of-paradise to Macgregor’s Honeyeater. Cracraft, J., and J. Feinstein. 2000. What is not a bird-of-paradise? Molecular and morphological evidence places Macgregoria in the Meliphagidae and the Cnemophilinae near the base of the corvoid tree. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B 267: 233-241

Page 584, Lawes’ Parotia Parotia lawesii
Change the English name to Lawes’s Parotia.

Page 584, Wahnes’ Parotia Parotia wahnesi
Change the English name to Wahnes’s Parotia.

Page 600, Meves’ Glossy-Starling Lamprotornis mevesii
Change the English name to Meves’s Glossy-Starling.

Page 604, Père David’s Snowfinch Montifringilla davidiana
Change the English name to Pere David’s Snowfinch.

Page 606, Bates’ Weaver Ploceus batesi
Change the English name to Bates’s Weaver.

Page 608, Weyns’ Weaver Ploceus weynsi
Change the English name to Weyns’s Weaver.

Page 608, Preuss’ Weaver Ploceus preussi
Change the English name to Preuss’s Weaver.

Page 609, São Tomé Weaver Ploceus sanctithomae
Change the English name to Sao Tome Weaver.

Page 614, Peters’ Twinspot Hypargos niveoguttatus
Change the English name to Peters’s Twinspot.

Page 619, Black-headed Munia Lonchura malacca
In accord with NACC, change the English name to Tricolored Munia.

Page 620, Java Sparrow Padda oryzivora
In accord with SACC, Clements retains this species in the genus Padda; it is placed in the genus Lonchura by NACC.

Page 622, Warbling Vireo Vireo gilvus
The following subspecies of Warbling Vireo should be assigned to Brown-capped Vireo Vireo leucophrys:

eleanorae Sierra Madre Oriental of ne Mexico (s Tamaulipas to Hidalgo)
bulli
Mountains of se Mexico (Oaxaca)
amauronotus Mountains of e-central Mexico (Puebla and Veracruz)
-strenuous
Subtropical s Mexico (Chiapas) to Guatemala and Honduras

Also, move subspecies leucophrys to just after Vireo leucophrys josephae, and change the distribution statement to “Eastern Andes of Colombia, Ecuador and Peru.”

Page 623, Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus
Transfer subspecies forreri and insulanus from Red-eyed Vireo to Yellow-green Vireo Vireo flavoviridis.

Page 628, São Tomé Grosbeak Neospiza concolor
Change the English name to Sao Tome Grosbeak.

Page 630, Pallas’ Rosefinch Carpodacus roseus
Change the English name to Pallas’s Rosefinch.

Page 638, Anianiau Hemignathus parvus
In accord with NACC, transfer this species to the genus Magumma. Position Anianiau Magumma parva between Akiapolaau Hemignathus munroi and Akikiki Oreomystis bairdi.

Page 645, Choco Warbler Basileuterus chlorophrys
In accord with SACC, this species is lumped with Golden-bellied Warbler Basileuterus chrysogaster. It retains its identity as the group:

Golden-bellied Warbler (Choco) Basileuterus chrysogaster chlorophrys

Page 646, White-rimmed Warbler Basileuterus leucoblepharus
In accord with SACC, change the English name of this species to White-browed Warbler.

Page 646, Buff-rumped Warbler Basileuterus fulvicauda and Neotropical River Warbler Basileuterus rivularis
In accord with NACC and SACC, transfer both of these species to the genus Phaeothlypis.

Page 646, Neotropical River Warbler Basileuterus [= Phaeothlypis] rivularis
In accord with SACC, change the English name of this species to Riverbank Warbler.

Pages 648-664, Family Thraupidae (Tanagers and allies)
The relationships of many of the “nine-primaried” oscines long have been controversial, but perhaps the most problematic family to define has been the Thraupidae (Tanagers and allies). A number of recent publications have helped to clarify our understanding to the relationships of these birds, although at the moment many questions remain. In the long term, many genera are likely to be reshuffled between Thraupidae, Emberizidae (Buntings, Sparrows, Seedeaters, and allies) and Cardinalidae (Saltators, Cardinals, and allies). For now, most genera remain in their “traditional” families, but the linear sequence of genera is modified extensively, especially in tanagers. Please consult the downloadable speedsheet for full details; the linear sequence of the genera currently placed in Thraupidae is as follows:

Orchesticus
Schistochlamys
Cissopis
Neothraupis
Conothraupis
Lamprospiza
Compsothraupis
Sericossypha
Nemosia
Creurgops
Orthogonys
Hemispingus
Cnemoscopus
Thlypopsis
Pyrrhocoma
Cypsnagra
Nephelornis
Trichothraupis
Conirostrum
Oreomanes
Xenodacnis
Nesospingus
Catamblyrhynchus
Urothraupis
Chlorospingus
Hemithraupis
Chrysothlypis
Phaenicophilus
Calyptophilus
Rhodinocichla
Mitrospingus
Chlorothraupis
Eucometis
Lanio
Heterospingus
Tachyphonus
Habia
Piranga
Ramphocelus
Spindalis
Thraupis
Calochaetes
Cyanicterus
Bangsia
Wetmorethraupis
Buthraupis
Anisognathus
Chlorornis
Dubusia
Delothraupis
Stephanophorus
Iridosornis
Pipraeidea
Chlorochrysa
Tangara
Dacnis
Chlorophanes
Cyanerpes
Irodophanes
Tersina

Page 650, White-browed Hemispingus Hemispingus auricularis
In accord with SACC, this species is lumped with Black-capped Hemispingus Hemispingus atropileus. It retains its identity as the group:

Black-capped Hemispingus (White-browed) Hemispingus atropileus auricularis

Page 650, Piura Hemispingus Hemispinugs piurae
In accord with SACC, this species is lumped with Black-eared Hemispingus Hemispingus melanotis. It retains its identity as the group:

-Black-eared Hemispingus (Piura) Hemispingus melanotis piurae

Page 652, Olive Tanager Chlorothraupis carmioli
In accord with NACC and with SACC, change the English name of this species to Carmiol’s Tanager.

Page 655, Huallaga Tanager Ramphocelus melanogaster
In accord with SACC, change the English name of this species to Black-bellied Tanager.

Page 657, Santa Marta Mountain-Tanager Anisognathus melanogenys
In accord with SACC, change the English name of this species to Black-cheeked Mountain-Tanager.

Page 662, Silver-backed Tanager Tangara viridicollis
In accord with SACC, change the English name of this species to Silvery Tanager.

Page 662, Straw-backed Tanager Tangara argyrofenges
In accord with SACC, change the English name of this species to Green-throated Tanager.

Page 662, Turquoise Dacnis-Tanager Pseudodacnis hartlaubi
In accord with SACC, transfer this species to the genus Dacnis, and change the English name to Turquoise Dacnis.

Page 664, Tanager Finch Oreothraupis arremonops
In accord with SACC, transfer this species from Thraupidae (Tanagers and allies) to the Emberizidae (Buntings, Sparrows, Seedeaters, and allies), and position Tanager Finch Oreothraupis arremonops between Yellow-billed Cardinal Paroaria capitata and Yellow-thighed Finch Pselliophorus tibialis.

Page 666, Cabanis’ Bunting Emberiza cabanisi
Change the English name to Cabanis’s Bunting.

Page 666, Pallas’ Bunting Emberiza pallasi
Change the English name to Pallas’s Bunting.

Page 667, Many-colored Chaco-Finch Saltatricula multicolor
In accord with SACC, this species is removed from the Emberizidae (Buntings, Sparrows, Seedeaters, and allies). It is allied to saltators Saltator, and so provisionally is placed in the Cardinalidae (Saltators, Cardinals, and allies), although the final placement of saltators and the chaco-finch are not yet resolved.

Page 668, Canary-winged Finch Melanodera melanodera
In accord with SACC, change the English name to White-bridled Finch.

Page 668, Wilkins’s Finch Nesospiza wilkinsi
Change the English name to Wilkins’s Finch.

Page 669, Black-and-chestnut Warbling-Finch Poospiza whitii
In accord with SACC, this species is lumped with Black-and-rufous Warbling-Finch Poospiza nigrorufa. It retains its identity as the group:

Black-and-rufous Warbling-Finch (Black-and-chestnut) Poospiza nigrorufa whitii/ wagneri

Page 670, Dubois’ Seedeater Sporophila ardesiaca
Change the English name to Dubois’s Seedeater.

Page 670, Hooded Seedeater Sporophila melanops
In accord with SACC, this species is not recognized.

Page 671, Tumaco Seedeater Sporophila insulata
The status of the “Tumaco” Seedeater remains unclear, but in accord with SACC it no longer is considered to be a species.

Page 674, Glossy Flowerpiercer Diglossa lafresnayii
Glossy Flowerpiercer is monotypic.Transfer subspecies unicincta from this species to the Moustached Flowerpiercer Diglossa mystacalis. Also, revise the distribution statement for unicincta to: Andes of n Peru (Amazonas s to c Huánuco).

Page 674, Moustached Flowerpiercer Diglossa mystacalis
Revise the distribution statement for subspecies pectoralis to: Andes of c Peru (c Huánuco to Junín). Revise the distribution statement for subspecies albilinea to:
Andes of s Peru (Ayacucho to Puno).

Pages 674-675, Indigo Flowerpiercer Diglossopis indigoticus, Deep-blue Flowerpiercer Diglossopis glaucus, Bluish Flowerpiercer Diglossopis caerulescens, and Masked Flowerpiercer Diglossopis cyaneus
In accord with SACC, transfer all four species to the genus Diglossa.

Page 676, Sooty-faced Finch Lysurus crassirostris and Olive Finch Lysurus castaneiceps;

Page 678, Chestnut-capped Brush-Finch Buarremon brunneinucha, Green-striped Brush-Finch Buarremon virenticeps, and Stripe-headed Brush-Finch Buarremon torquatus
In accord with NACC and SACC, all of these species are transferred to the genus Arremon; the genera Lysurus and Buarremon no longer are recognized.

Page 677, insert after Yellow-breasted Brush-Finch Atlapetes latinuchus:
Antioquia Brush-Finch Atlapetes blancae, n Central Andes of Colombia (Antioquia). Recently described species. See: Donegan, T. M. 2007. A new species of brush finch (Emberizidae: Atlapetes) from the northern Central Andes of Colombia. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 127: 255-268.

Page 677, Bolivian Brush-Finch Atlapetes rufinucha
In accord with SACC, change the English name to Rufous-naped Brush-Finch.

Page 679, insert after Half-collared Sparrow Arremon semitorquatus:
Sao Francisco Sparrow Arremon franciscanus, e Brazil (interior of Minas Gerais and Bahia), recently described species. See: Raposo, M. A. 1997. A new species of Arremon (Passeriformes: Emberizidae) from Brazil. Ararajuba 5: 3-9.

Page 680, Socorro Towhee Pipilo socorroensis
In accord with NACC, this species is lumped with Spotted Towhee Pipilo maculatus. It retains its identity as the group:

Spotted Towhee (Socorro) Pipilo maculatus socorroensis

Page 683, Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis athinus
Correct the spelling of the subspecies name to anthinus.

Page 686, Harris’ Sparrow Zonotrichia querula
Change the English name to Harris’s Sparrow.

Page 687, Guadalupe Junco Junco insularis
In accord with NACC, this species is lumped with Dark-eyed Junco Junco hyemalis. It retains its identity as the group:

Dark-eyed Junco (Guadalupe) Junco hyemalis insularis

Page 687, Vegetarian Finch Camarhynchus crassirostris
In accord with SACC, transfer this species to the genus Platyspiza.

Page 691, Yellow-billed Blue Finch Porphyrospiza caerulescens
In accord with SACC, change the English name to Blue Finch. Also in accord with SACC, transfer this species from the Cardinalidae to the Emberizidae; it is placed between Slaty Bunting Latoucheornis siemsseni and Black-hooded Sierra-Finch Phrygilus atriceps.

Page 695, Moriche Oriole Icterus chrysocephalus
In accord with SACC, this species is lumped with Epaulet Oriole Icterus cayanensis. It retains its identity as the group:

Epaulet Oriole (Moriche) Icterus cayanensis chrysocephalus

Page 696, Fuertes’ Oriole Icterus fuertesi
In accord with NACC, this species is lumped with Orchard Oriole Icterus spurius. It retains its identity as the group:

Orchard Oriole (Fuertes’s) Icterus spurius fuertesi

Page 698, Bolivian Blackbird Agelaioides oreopsar
In accord with SACC, change the scientific name to Oreopsar bolivianus.

Page 698, Casqued Oropendola Psarocolius oseryi
In accord with SACC, transfer this species to the genus Clypicterus; place Casqued Oropendola after the Psarocolius oropendolas and before Band-tailed Oropendola Ocyalus latirostris.

Page 698, Montezuma Oropendola Gymnostinops montezuma, Black Oropendola Gymnostinops guatimozinus, Baudo Oropendola Gymnostinops cassini, and Amazonian Oropendola Gymnostinops bifasciatus
In accord with SACC, these four species all are transferred to the genus Psarocolius.

Page 698, Amazonian Oropendola Gymnostinops [= Psarocolius] bifasciatus
In accord with SACC, change the English name of Olive Oropendola.

Page 698, Forbes’ Blackbird Curaeus forbesi
Change the English name to Forbes’s Blackbird.

Page 699, Pallas’ Cormorant Phalacrocorax perspicillatus
Change the English name to Pallas’s Cormorant.

A final note regarding the sequence of families

As you can tell from the frequent “shake-ups” noted above, the “higher-level” relationships of birds–the relationships between genera, between families, and between orders–is an area of very active research. We are aware that the sequence of families in Clements, especially among the Passeriformes, does not always reflect this new research. A new arrangement of families is adopted with this update, but one that represents only a first step; expect to see more significant changes introduced in future updates.

As a short-hand guide, the current sequence of families is listed below. Six families no longer are recognized (Tetraonidae, Meleagrididaeae, Numididae, Sternidae, Rynchopidae, and Sapayoidae), and 10 families are added to the roster (Raphidae, Lybiidae, Megalaimidae, Semnornithidae, Grallariidae,
Melanopareiidae, Oxyruncidae, Tityridae, Cnemophilidae, and Donacobiidae). The total number of families included in the following list is 207, one of which (Raphidae) is extinct:

Struthionidae
Rheidae
Casuariidae
Dromaiidae
Apterygidae
Tinamidae
Anhimidae
Anatidae
Megapodiidae
Cracidae
Phasianidae     (includes the former families Tetraonidae, Meleagrididaeae and Numididae)
Odontophoridae
Gaviidae
Podicipedidae
Phoenicopteridae
Spheniscidae
Diomedeidae
Procellariidae
Hydrobatidae
Pelecanoididae
Phaethontidae
Sulidae
Pelecanidae
Phalacrocoraciidae
Anhingidae
Fregatidae
Ardeidae
Threskiornithidae
Scopidae
Ciconiidae
Balaenicipitidae
Cathartidae
Pandionidae
Accipitridae
Sagittariidae
Falconidae
Mesitornithidae
Turnicidae
Rallidae
Heliornithidae
Rhynchotetidae
Eurypygidae
Otididae
Aramidae
Psophiidae
Gruidae
Cariamidae
Burhinidae
Chionididae
Charadriidae
Pluvianellidae
Dromadidae
Haematopodidae
Ibidorhynchidae
Recurvirostridae
Jacanidae
Scolopacidae
Glareolidae
Pedionomidae
Thinocoridae
Rostratulidae
Laridae     (includes the former families Sternidae and Rynchopidae)
Stercorariidae
Alcidae
Pteroclidae
Columbidae
Raphidae
Cacatuidae
Psittacidae
Musophagidae
Opisthocomidae
Cuculidae
Tytonidae
Strigidae
Aegothelidae
Podargidae
Caprimulgidae
Nyctibiidae
Steatornithidae
Apodidae
Hemiprocnidae
Trochilidae
Coliidae
Trogonidae
Todidae
Momotidae
Alcedinidae
Meropidae
Coraciidae
Brachypteraciidae
Leptosomidae
Upupidae
Phoeniculidae
Bucerotidae
Bucconidae
Galbulidae
Lybiidae
Megalaimidae
Capitonidae
Semnornithidae
Ramphastidae
Indicatoridae
Picidae
Eurylaimidae
Philepittidae
Pittidae
Furnariidae
Thamnophilidae
Formicariidae
Grallariidae
Conopophagidae
Rhinocryptidae
Melanopareiidae
Tyrannidae
Oxyruncidae
Cotingidae
Pipridae
Tityridae
Acanthisittidae
Atrichornithidae
Menuridae
Meliphagidae
Cnemophilidae
Laniidae
Vireonidae
Campephagidae
Chloropseidae
Aegithinidae
Corvidae
Monarchidae
Alaudidae
Hirundinidae
Paridae
Remizidae
Aegithalidae
Sittidae
Tichodromidae
Certhiidae
Troglodytidae
Cinclidae
Pycnonotidae
Regulidae
Cisticolidae
Donacobiidae
Sylviidae
Polioptilidae
Muscicapidae
Turdidae
Platysteiridae
Rhipiduridae
Petroicidae
Pachycephalidae
Picathartidae
Timaliidae
Zosteropidae
Pomatostomidae
Paradoxornithidae
Orthonychidae
Eupetidae
Maluridae
Acanthizidae
Epthianuridae
Neosittidae
Climacteridae
Rhabdornithidae
Nectarinidae
Melanocharitidae
Paramythiidae
Dicaeidae
Pardalotidae
Promeropidae
Oriolidae
Irenidae
Malaconotidae
Prionopidae
Vangidae
Dicruridae
Callaeidae
Grallinidae
Corcoracidae
Artamidae
Pityriaseidae
Cracticidae
Paradisaeidae
Ptilonorhynchidae
Mimidae
Sturnidae
Prunellidae
Motacillidae
Bombycillidae
Hypocoliidae
Ptilogonatidae
Dulidae
Peucedramidae
Parulidae
Coerebidae
Thraupidae
Urocynchramidae
Emberizidae
Cardinalidae
Icteridae
Fringillidae
Drepanididae
Passeridae
Ploceidae
Estrildidae
Viduidae