Clements Checklist

Updates & Corrections: September 2012

2012 UPDATES and CORRECTIONS, to accompany the eBird/Clements Checklist 6.7 spreadsheet
Posted September 28, 2012

The Updates and Corrections are grouped into four sections. Within each section, items are listed in the order in which they are encountered in the Clements Checklist 6.7 spreadsheet, although we also continue to reference by page number the relevant entry in the last published edition of the Clements Checklist (sixth edition, 2007).

The four sections are

Species – gains and losses

Families – gains, losses, and changes to family composition or nomenclature

Standard Updates and Correction – all other changes, listed in sequence as they occur in the spreadsheet

Groups – a list of new groups

SPECIES

SPECIES GAINS (splits and newly discovered species)

Page 7, Rockhopper Penguin (Moseley’s) Eudyptes chrysocome moseleyi

In accordance with SACC, we elevate this monotypic group to species rank as Tristan Penguin Eudyptes moseleyi.

References:

SACC Proposal 511, and the research summarized in that proposal.

 

Page 11, Gould’s Petrel Pterodroma leucoptera

The subspecies brevipes and magnificens are removed from Gould’s Petrel (Pterodroma leucoptera) as a separate species, Collared Petrel (Pterodroma brevipes). Each of the subspecies of Collared Petrel retains its status as a monotypic group, but the names for each group are changed:

Gould’s Petrel (Collared) Pterodroma leucoptera brevipes becomes Collared Petrel (Collared) Pterodroma brevipes brevipes; and

Gould’s Petrel (Magnificent) Pterodroma leucoptera magnificens becomes Collared Petrel (Magnificent) Pterodroma brevipes magnificens.

References:
Watling, D. 1986. Notes on the Collared Petrel Pterodroma (leucoptera) brevipes. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 106: 63-70.

Bretagnolle, V., and H. Shirihai. 2010. A new taxon of Collared Petrel Pterodroma brevipes from the Banks Islands, Vanuatu. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 130: 286-301.

 

Page (addition), Bryan’s Shearwater Puffinus bryani

Bryan’s Shearwater (Puffinus bryani) is a newly described species (Pyle et al. 2011), recently accepted as valid by NACC. Position Bryan’s Shearwater between Townsend’s Shearwater (Puffinus auricularis) and Black-vented Shearwater (Puffinus opisthomelas). This species was described on the basis of a single specimen, collected in 1963, from Midway Island, where it may be only a vagrant. There are recent records of this species from the Bonin Islands, where it may breed.

References:

Chikara, O. 2011. Little-known Asian bird: Possible records of the newly described Bryan’s Shearwater Puffinus bryani in Japan. BirdingASIA16: 86–88.

Pyle, P., A.J. Welch and R.C. Fleischer. 2011. A new species of shearwater (Puffinus) recorded from Midway Atoll, northwestern Hawaiian Islands. Condor 113: 518–527.

 

Page 48, Little Eagle Hieraaetus morphnoides

Elevate the monotypic group Little Eagle (Pygmy) (Hieraaetus morphnoides weiskei) to species rank as Pygmy Eagle (Hieraaetus weiskei).

Reference:

Gjershaug, J.O., H.R.L. Lerner, and O.H. Diserud. 2009. Taxonomy and distribution of the Pygmy Eagle Aquila (Hieraaetus) weiskei (Accipitriformes: Accipitridae). Zootaxa  number 2326: 24–38.

 

Page 45, Gray Hawk Buteo nitidus

The northern subspecies, Buteo nitidus plagiatus, is elevated to species rank as Gray Hawk (Buteo plagiatus); the three southern subspecies adopt the English name Gray-lined Hawk but retain the scientific name Buteo nitidus. The rationale for this split is explained in NACC Proposal 2011-A-4 and SACC Proposal 523, and is based primarily on Millsap et al. (2011).

Reference:

Millsap, B.A., S.H. Seipke, and W.S. Clark. 2011. The Gray Hawk (Buteo nitidus) is two species. Condor 113:326-339.

 

Page 108, Xantus’s Murrelet Synthliboramphus hypoleucus

Each of the two monotypic groups of Xantus’s Murrelet (Synthliboramphus hypoleucus) is elevated to species rank. The research behind this split is summarized in NACC Proposal 2011-C-10 . The two newly recognized species are Scripps’s Murrelet (Synthliboramphus scrippsi) and Guadalupe Murrelet (Synthliboramphus hypoleucus).

References:

Birt, T.P, H.R. Carter, D.L. Whitworth, A. McDonald, S.H. Newman, F. Fress, E. Palacios, J.S. Koepke, and V.L. Friesen. 2012.  Rangewide population genetic structure of Xantus‘s Murrelet (Synthliboramphus hypoleucus). Auk 129:44-44.

Keitt, B.S.  2005.  Status of Xantus‘s Murrelet and its nesting habitat in Baja California, Mexico.  Marine Ornithology 33:105-114.

 

Page 113, Island Collared-Dove Streptopelia bitorquata

Subspecies Streptopelia bitorquata dusumieri of Island Collared-Dove is elevated to species rank as Philippine Collared-Dove (Streptopelia dusumieri), following Collar (2011a). Also, revise the range of Philippine Collared-Dove from “Philippines and Sulu Archipelago; vagrant to n Borneo” to “Philippines and Sulu Archipelago; vagrant to n Borneo. Introduced to northern Marianas (Guam n to Saipan)”.

Reference:

Collar, N.J. 2011. Species limits in some Philippine birds including the Greater Flameback Chrysocolaptes lucidus. Forktail number 27: 29-38.

 

Page 122, Pompadour Green-Pigeon Treron pompadora

Pompadour Green-Pigeon (Treron pompadora) is split into six species, following Rasmussen and Anderton (2005) and Collar (2011): Sri Lanka Green-Pigeon (Treron pompadora); Gray-fronted Green-Pigeon (Treron affinis); Andaman Green-Pigeon (Treron chloropterus); Ashy-headed Green-Pigeon (Treron phayrei); Phiippine Green-Pigeon (Treron axillaris, also including subspecies amadoni, canescens, and everetti); and Buru Green-Pigeon (Treron aromaticus). Correct the range of Sri Lanka Green-Pigeon from “India to sw China, Thailand, Laos and s Vietnam” to “Sri Lanka”. All of these newly recognized species formerly were groups in the Clements taxonomy

References:

Collar, N.J. 2011. Species limits in some Philippine birds including the Greater Flameback Chrysocolaptes lucidus. Forktail number 27: 29-38.

Rasmussen, P.C., and J.C. Anderton. 2005. Birds of South Asia: the Ripley guide. Lynx Edicions and Smithsonian Institution.

 

Page 124, Maroon-chinned Fruit-Dove Ptilinopus subgularis

Maroon-chinned Fruit-Dove (Ptilinopus subgularis) is split into three species, following Rheindt et al. (2011): Maroon-chinned Fruit-Dove (Ptilinopus epia), Banggai Fruit-Dove (Ptilinopus subgularis), and Sula Fruit-Dove (Ptilinopus mangoliensis).

Reference:

Rheindt, F.E., J.A. Eaton, and F. Verbelen 2011. Vocal trait evolution in a geographic leapfrog pattern: speciation in the Maroon-chinned Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus subgularis) complex from Wallacea. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 123: 429-440.

 

Page 127, White-eyed Imperial-Pigeon Ducula perspicillata

White-eyed Imperial-Pigeon (Ducula perspicillata) is split into two species, Spectacled Imperial-Pigeon (Ducula perspicillata) and Seram Imperial-Pigeon (Ducula neglecta), following Rheindt and Hutchinson (2007).

Reference:

Rheindt, F.E., and R.O. Hutchinson. 2007. A photoshot odyssey through the confused avian taxonomy of Seram and Buru (southern Moluccas). BirdingASIA 7: 18-38.

 

Page 129, Long-tailed Mountain-Pigeon Gymnophaps mada

Long-tailed Mountain-Pigeon (Gymnophaps mada) is split into two species, Buru Mountain-Pigeon (Gymnophaps mada) and Seram Mountain-Pigeon (Gymnophaps stalkeri), following Rheindt and Hutchinson (2007).

Reference:

Rheindt, F.E., and R.O. Hutchinson. 2007. A photoshot odyssey through the confused avian taxonomy of Seram and Buru (southern Moluccas). BirdingASIA 7: 18-38.

 

Page 163, Philippine Scops-Owl Otus megalotis

Philippine Scops-Owl (Otus megalotis) is split into three species, following Miranda et al. (2011): Philippine Scops-Owl (Otus megalotis), Everett’s Scops-Owl (Otus everetti), and Negros Scops-Owl (Otus nigrorum). Also, subspecies boholensis is synonymized with everetti, following Dickinson et al. (1991), and the range of everetii is revised from “Philippines (Samar, Biliran, Leyte, Mindando and Basilan)” to “Philippines (Bohol, Samar, Biliran, Leyte, Mindando and Basilan)”.

References:

Dickinson, E.C., R.S. Kennedy, and K.C. Parkes. 1991. The birds of the Philippines. An annotated check-list. British Ornithologists’ Union Check-list number 12. British Ornithologists’ Union, London.

Miranda, H.C., Jr., D.M. Brooks, and R.S. Kennedy. 2011. Phylogeny and taxonomic review of Philippine lowland scops owls (Strigiformes): parallel diversification of highland and lowland clades. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 123: 4441-454.

 

Page 175, Moluccan Hawk-Owl Ninox squamipila

Moluccan Hawk-Owl (Ninox squamipila) is split into three species: Halmahera Hawk-Owl (Ninox hypogramma), Tanimbar Hawk-Owl (Ninox forbesi), and Hantu Hawk-Owl (Ninox squamipila).

References:

Norman, J.A., L. Christidis, M. Westerman, and F.A. Richard-Hall. 1998. Molecular data confirm the species status of the Christmas Island Hawk-Owl Ninox natalis. Emu 98: 197-208.

Rheindt, F.E., and R.O. Hutchinson. 2007. A photoshot odyssey through the confused avian taxonomy of Seram and Buru (southern Moluccas). BirdingASIA 7: 18-38.

 

Page 185, Moluccan Swiftlet Aerodramus infuscatus

Moluccan Swiftlet (Aerodramus infuscatus) is split into three species, Sulawesi Swiftlet (Aerodramus sororum), Halmahera Swiftlet (Aerodramus infuscatus), and Seram Swiftlet (Aerodramus ceramensis), following Rheindt and Hutchinson (2007).

Reference:

Rheindt, F.E., and R.O. Hutchinson. 2007. A photoshot odyssey through the confused avian taxonomy of Seram and Buru (southern Moluccas). BirdingASIA 7: 18-38.

 

Page 216, Silvery Kingfisher Ceyx argentatus

Silvery Kingfisher (Ceyx argentatus) is split into two species, Northern Silvery-Kingfisher (Ceyx flumenicolus) and Southern Silvery-Kingfisher (Ceyx argentatus), following Collar (2011).

Reference:

Collar, N.J. 2011. Species limits in some Philippine birds including the Greater Flameback Chrysocolaptes lucidus. Forktail number 27: 29-38.

 

Page 219, White-throated Kingfisher Halcyon smyrnensis

Subspecies Halcyon smyrnensis gularis of White-throated Kingfisher is elevated to species rank as Brown-breasted Kingfisher (Halcyon gularis), following Collar (2011).

Reference:

Collar, N.J. 2011. Species limits in some Philippine birds including the Greater Flameback Chrysocolaptes lucidus. Forktail number 27: 29-38.

 

Page 226, Blue-throated Bee-eater Merops viridis

Subspecies Merops viridis americanus of Blue-throated Bee-eater is elevated to species rank as Rufous-crowned Bee-eater (Merops americanus), following Collar (2011).

Reference:

Collar, N.J. 2011. Species limits in some Philippine birds including the Greater Flameback Chrysocolaptes lucidus. Forktail number 27: 29-38.

 

Page (addition), Sira Barbet Capito fitzpatricki

Sira Barbet (Capito fitzpatricki) is a newly described species. Sira Barbet has not yet been accepted as valid by SACC, but we are sufficiently confident that SACC will accept this species that we admit it to the eBird/Clements checklist as a species. Position Sira Barbet between Scarlet-banded Barbet (Capito wallacei) and Five-colored Barbet (Capito quinticolor). The range of Sira Barbet is “southern Cerros del Sira, Ucayali, Peru”.

Reference:

Seeholzer, G.F., B.M. Winger, M.G. Harvey, D. Cáceres A., and J.D. Weckstein. 2012. A new species of barbet (Capitonidae: Capito) from the Cerros del Sira, Ucayali, Peru. Auk 129: 551-559.

 

Page 259, Common Flameback Dinopium javanense

Subspecies Dinopium javanense everetti of Common Flameback is elevated to species rank as Spot-throated Flameback (Dinopium everetti), following Collar (2011).

Reference:

Collar, N.J. 2011. Species limits in some Philippine birds including the Greater Flameback Chrysocolaptes lucidus. Forktail number 27: 29-38.

 

Page 260, Greater Flameback Chrysocolaptes lucidus

Greater Flameback (Chrysocolaptes lucidus) is split into six species, following Collar (2011): Greater Flameback (Chrysocolaptes guttacristatus, also including subspecies socialis, chersonesus, and andrewsi); Javan Flameback (Chrysocolaptes strictus, also including subspecies kangeanensis); Luzon Flameback (Chrysocolaptes haematribon); Yellow-faced Flameback (Chrysocolaptes xanthocephalus); Buff-spotted Flameback (Chrysocolaptes lucidus, also including subspecies rufopunctatus and montanus); and Red-headed Flameback (Chrysocolaptes erythrocephalus).

Reference:

Collar, N.J. 2011. Species limits in some Philippine birds including the Greater Flameback Chrysocolaptes lucidus. Forktail number 27: 29-38.

 

Page 261, Sooty Woodpecker Mulleripicus funebris

Sooty Woodpecker (Mulleripicus funebris) is split into two species, Northern Sooty-Woodpecker (Mulleripicus funebris) and Southern Sooty-Woodpecker (Mulleripicus fuliginosus), following Collar (2011).

Reference:

Collar, N.J. 2011. Species limits in some Philippine birds including the Greater Flameback Chrysocolaptes lucidus. Forktail number 27: 29-38.

 

Page 138, Blue-crowned Racquet-tail Prioniturus discurus

Subspecies Prioniturus discurus mindorensis of Blue-crowned Racquet-tail is elevated to species rank as Mindoro Racquet-tail (Prioniturus mindorensis), following Schweizer et al. (2012).

Reference:

Schweizer, M., M. Güntert, and S.T. Hertwig. 2102. Phylogeny and biogeography of the parrot genus Prioniturus (Aves: Psittaciformes). Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 50: 145–156.

 

Page 141, Black Parrot Coracopsis nigra

Kundu et al. (2012) demonstrated that the extinct Mascarene Parrot (Mascarinus mascarinus) is embedded within the genus Coracopsis; since Mascarinus is the older name, the scientific name for the genus of vasa-parrots changes to Mascarinus. Kundu et al. also demonstrated that the subspecies barklyi, of the Seychelles, is only distantly related to other subspecies assigned to Black Parrot (Coracopsis nigra; now Lesser Vasa-Parrot Mascarinus niger), and so is elevated to species rank as Seychelles Parrot (Mascarinus barklyi).

Reference:

Kundu, S., C.G. Jones, R.P. Prys-Jones, and J.J. Groombridge. 2012. The evolution of the Indian Ocean parrots (Psittaciformes): extinction, adaptive radiation and eustacy. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 62: 296–305.

 

Page 266, Banded Pitta Pitta guajana

Banded Pitta Pitta guajana is split into three species, following Rheindt and Eaton (2010): Malayan Banded-Pitta (Pitta irena), Bornean Banded-Pitta (Pitta schwaneri), and Javan Banded-Pitta (Pitta guajana). Also, subspecies ripleyi is merged with irena, following Rheindt and Eaton (2010); revise the range of irena from “Malay Peninsula and Sumatra” to “s Peninsular Thailand, Malay Peninsula and Sumatra”.

Reference:

Rheindt, F.E., and J.A. Eaton. 2010. Biological species limits in the Banded Pitta Pitta guajana. Forktail number 26: 86-91.

 

Page 301, Dull-mantled Antbird Myrmeciza laemosticta

Subspecies Myrmeciza laemosticta palliata of Dull-mantled Antbird is elevated to species rank as Magdalena Antbird (Myrmeciza palliata), following Chaves et al. (2010). This research is summarized in SACC Proposal 475, where there is extensive additional discussion of this split.

Reference:

Chaves, J.C., A.M. Cuervo, M.J. Miller, and C.D. Cadena. 2010. Revising species limits in a group of Myrmeciza antbirds reveals a cryptic species within M. laemosticta (Thamnophilidae). Condor 112: 718-730.

 

Page 302, Scale-backed Antbird Willisornis poecilinotus

Subspecies nigrigula and vidua of Scale-backed Antbird are elevated to species rank as Xingu Scale-backed Antbird (Willisornis vidua), following Isler and Whitney (2011). This research is summarized in SACC Proposal 495. Also, the English name for Willisornis poecilinotus is changed from Scale-backed Antbird to Common Scale-backed Antbird.

Reference:

Isler, M.L., and B.M. Whitney. 2011. Species limits in antbirds (Thamnophilidae): the Scale-backed Antbird (Willisornis poecilinotus) complex. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 123: 1-14.

 

Page (addition), Urrao Antpitta Grallaria urraoensis

Urrao Antpitta (Grallaria urraoensis) is a newly described species, with range “northern part of Western Andes of Colombia (Antioquia).” Remarkably, this species was described in two different publications, by separate teams of investigators, so there are two competing names for this new species. This kind of complication has happened many times before in the history of ornithology, but is rare in the modern era. We follow SACC in adopting the names Urrao Antpitta (Grallaria urraoensis); see SACC Proposal 479 for one discussion of the nomenclatural issues. These names also were adopted by the IOC World Bird List, but BirdLife International uses a different name, Antioquia Antpitta Grallaria fenwickorum. Insert Urrao Antpitta between Tawny Antpitta (Grallaria quitensis) and Brown-banded Antpitta (Grallaria milleri).

Reference:

Carantón-Ayala, D., and K. Certuche-Cubillos. 2010. New species of antpitta (Grallariidae: Grallaria) from the northern sector of the western Andes of Colombia. Ornitología Colombiana 9: 56-70.

 

Page (addition), Alta Floresta Antpitta Hylopezus whittakeri

Alta Floresta Antpitta (Hylopezus whittakeri) is a newly described species. Alta Floresta Antpitta has not yet been accepted as valid by SACC, but we are sufficiently confident that SACC will accept this species that we admit it to the eBird/Clements checklist as a species. Position Alta Floresta Antpitta between Spotted Antpitta (Hylopezus macularius) and Masked Antpitta (Hylopezus auricularis). The range of Alta Floresta Barbet is “Amazonian Brazil (south of the Amazon, between the Madeira and the Xingu)”.

Reference:

Carneiro, L.S., L.P. Gonzaga, P.S. Rêgo, I. Sampaio, H. Schneider, and A. Aleixo. 2012. Systematic revision of the Spotted Antpitta (Grallariidae: Hylopezus macularius), with description of a cryptic new species from Brazilian Amazonia. Auk 129: 338-351.

 

Page 318, Thrush-like Schiffornis Schiffornis turdina

Thrush-like Schiffornis (Schiffornis turdina) is split into five species: Olivaceous Schiffornis (Schiffornis olivacea), Northern Schiffornis (Schiffornis veraepacis), Foothill Schiffornis (Schiffornis aenea), Rufous-winged Schiffornis (Schiffornis stenorhyncha), and Brown-winged Schiffornis (Schiffornis turdina).

These newly recognized species are similar to existing groups in the eBird/Clements Checklist, with the following differences: subspecies acrolophites belongs with Northern Schiffornis (Schiffornis veraepacis) (we had grouped this subspecies with what now is Rufous-winged Schiffornis Schiffornis stenorhyncha); and subspecies wallacii belongs with Brown-winged Schiffornis (Schiffornis turdina) (we had grouped this subspecies with what now is Olivaceus Schiffornis Schiffornis olivacea). The scientific and English names of other groups also must change:

the polytypic group Thrush-like Schiffornis (Northern) (Schiffornis turdina veraepacis/dumicola) becomes Northern Schiffornis (Northern) (Schiffornis veraepacis [veraepacis Group]);

the monotypic group Thrush-like Schiffornis (Ecuadorian) (Schiffornis turdina rosenbergi) becomes Northern Schiffornis (Ecuadorian) (Schiffornis veraepacis rosenbergi);

the monotypic group Thrush-like Schiffornis (Amazonian) (Schiffornis turdina amazona) becomes Brown-winged Schiffornis (Amazonian) (Schiffornis turdina amazonum). In this case, also note the change from “amazona” to “amazonum“, based on David and Gosselin (2011); and

the polytypic group Thrush-like Schiffornis (Southern) (Schiffornis turdina [turdina Group]) becomes Brown-winged Schiffornis (Brown-winged) (Schiffornis turdina [turdina Group])

This split follows Nyari et al. (2009). As is evident from the discussions associated with SACC Proposal 505, further splits are possible within this complex. Also note the English names that we have adopted are provisional, and may change. Finally, the distributional limits, and identification criteria, for the newly recognized species of schiffornis are not yet completely resolved.

References:

David, N., and M. Gosselin. 2011. Gender agreement of avian species-group names under Article 31.2.2 of the ICZN Code.  Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 131: 103-115.

Nyári, Á. S. 2007. Phylogeographic patterns, molecular and vocal differentiation, and species limits in Schiffornis turdina (Aves). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 44: 154-164.

 

Page 515, Broad-billed Fairywren Malurus grayi

Elevate the monotypic group Broad-billed Fairywren (Campbell’s), Malurus grayi campbelli, to species rank; the genus of this species (and of Broad-billed Fairywren) also is changed from Malurus to Chenorhamphus. Consequently, the newly recognized species is Campbell’s Fairywren (Chenorhamphus campbelli), following Driskell et al. (2012).

Reference:

Driskell, A.C., J.A. Norman, S. Pruett-Jones, E. Mangall, S. Sonsthagen, and L. Christidis. 2011. A multigene phylogeny examining evolutionary and ecological relationships in the Australo-papuan wrens of the subfamily Malurinae (Aves). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 60: 480–485.

 

Page 513, Chestnut-breasted Quail-thrush Cinclosoma castaneothorax

Elevate the monotypic group Chestnut-breasted Quail-thrush (Western) (Cinclosoma castaneothorax marginatum) to species rank as Western Quail-thrush (Cinclosoma marginatum), following Toon et al. (2012).

Reference:

Toon, A., J.J. Austin, G. Dolman, L. Pedler, and L. Joseph. 2012. Evolution of arid zone birds in Australia: Leapfrog distribution patterns and mesic-arid connections in quail-thrush (Cinclosoma, Cinclosomatidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 62: 286–295.

 

Page 513, Cinnamon Quail-thrush Cinclosoma cinnamomeum

Elevate subspecies alisteri to species rank as Nullarbor Quail-thrush (Cinclosoma alisteri), following Toon et al. (2012).

Reference:

Toon, A., J.J. Austin, G. Dolman, L. Pedler, and L. Joseph. 2012. Evolution of arid zone birds in Australia: Leapfrog distribution patterns and mesic-arid connections in quail-thrush (Cinclosoma, Cinclosomatidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 62: 286–295.

 

Pages 369-370, Melanesian Cuckoo-shrike Coracina caledonica

Elevate the polytypic group Melanesian Cuckoo-shrike (North) (Coracina caledonica [welchmani Group]) to species rank as North Melanesian Cuckooshrike (Coracina welchmani), following Jønsson et al. (2010).

Reference:

Jønsson, K.A., R.C.K. Bowie, J.A.A. Nylander, L. Christidis, J.A. Norman, and J. Fjeldså. 2010. Biogeographical history of cuckoo-shrikes (Aves: Passeriformes): transoceanic colonization of Africa from Australo-Papua. Journal of Biogeography 37: 1767-1781.

 

Page 370, White-bellied Cuckoo-shrike Coracina papuensis

Elevate the monotypic group White-bellied Cuckoo-shrike (Manus) Coracina papuensis ingens to species rank as Manus Cuckooshrike (Coracina ingens), following Jønsson et al. (2010).

Reference:

Jønsson, K.A., R.C.K. Bowie, J.A.A. Nylander, L. Christidis, J.A. Norman, and J. Fjeldså. 2010. Biogeographical history of cuckoo-shrikes (Aves: Passeriformes): transoceanic colonization of Africa from Australo-Papua. Journal of Biogeography 37: 1767-1781.

 

Page 372, White-winged Triller Lalage sueurii

Each of the two monotypic groups in White-winged Triller (Lalage sueurii) is elevated to species rank, following following Jønsson et al. (2010), as White-shouldered Triller (Lalage sueurii) and as White-winged Triller (Lalage tricolor).

Reference:

Jønsson, K.A., R.C.K. Bowie, J.A.A. Nylander, L. Christidis, J.A. Norman, and J. Fjeldså. 2010. Biogeographical history of cuckoo-shrikes (Aves: Passeriformes): transoceanic colonization of Africa from Australo-Papua. Journal of Biogeography 37: 1767-1781.

 

Page 373, Varied Triller Lalage leucomela

Elevate a subspecies of Varied Triller (Lalage leucomela conjuncta) to species rank as Mussau Triller (Lalage conjuncta), following Taylor (2005).

Reference:

Taylor, P.B. 2005. Family Campephagidae (cuckoo-shrikes). Pages 40-122 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 10. Cuckoo-shrikes to thrushes. Lynx Edicions. Barcelona.

 

Pages 370-371, Cicadabird Coracina tenuirostre

Elevate admiralitatis, formerly a subspecies of Cicadabird (Coracina tenuirostre) (now Common Cicadabird Edolisoma tenuirostre), to species rank as Manus Cicadabird (Edolisoma admiralitatis), following Jønsson et al. 2010.

Reference:

Jønsson, K.A., R.C.K. Bowie, J.A.A. Nylander, L. Christidis, J.A. Norman, and J. Fjeldså. 2010. Biogeographical history of cuckoo-shrikes (Aves: Passeriformes): transoceanic colonization of Africa from Australo-Papua. Journal of Biogeography 37: 1767-1781.

 

Pages 370-371, Cicadabird Coracina tenuirostre

Elevate salomonis, formerly a subspecies of Common Cicadabird (Edolisoma tenuirostre) (now Common Cicadabird Edolisoma tenuirostre), to species rank as Makira Cicadabird (Edolisoma salomonis), following Jønsson et al. 2010.

Reference:

Jønsson, K.A., R.C.K. Bowie, J.A.A. Nylander, L. Christidis, J.A. Norman, and J. Fjeldså. 2010. Biogeographical history of cuckoo-shrikes (Aves: Passeriformes): transoceanic colonization of Africa from Australo-Papua. Journal of Biogeography 37: 1767-1781.

 

Pages 484-485, Golden Whistler Pachycephala pectoralis

A suite of subspecies (utupuae, ornata, kandavensis, lauana, and vitiensis), all previously classified as subspecies of Golden Whistler (Pachycephala pectoralis), are split as a separate species, White-throated Whistler (Pachycephala vitiensis), based in part on Galbraith (1956) and Dickinson (2003).

References:

Dickinson, E. C. (editor). 2003. The Howard and Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Third edition. Princeton University Press, New Jersey.

Galbraith, I.C.J. 1956. Variation, relationships and evolution in the Pachycephala pectoralis superspecies (Aves, Muscicapidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology 4: 133-222.

 

Pages 484-485, Golden Whistler Pachycephala pectoralis

A suite of subspecies (koroana, torquata, ambigua, optata, graeffii, aurantiiventris, and bella), all previously classified as subspecies of Golden Whistler (Pachycephala pectoralis), are split as a separate species, Fiji Whistler (Pachycephala graeffii), based in part on Galbraith (1956), Dickinson (2003), and Jønsson et al. (2010).

References:

Dickinson, E. C. (editor). 2003. The Howard and Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Third edition. Princeton University Press, New Jersey.

Galbraith, I.C.J. 1956. Variation, relationships and evolution in the Pachycephala pectoralis superspecies (Aves, Muscicapidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology 4: 133-222.

Jønsson, K.A., R.C.K. Bowie, R.G. Moyle, L. Christidis, J.A. Norman, B.W. Benz, and J. Fjeldså. 2010. Historical biogeography of an Indo-Pacific passerine bird family (Pachycephalidae): different colonization patterns in the Indonesian and Melanesian archipelagos. Journal of Biogeography 37: 245-257.

 

Pages 484-485, Golden Whistler Pachycephala pectoralis

A suite of subspecies (tabarensis, ottomeyeri, goodsoni, citreogaster, sexuvaria, collaris, misimae, and rosseliana), all previously classified as subspecies of Golden Whistler (Pachycephala pectoralis), are split as a separate species, Bismarck Whistler (Pachycephala citreogaster), following Galbraith (1956), Dickinson (2003), and Jønsson et al. (2010).

References:

Dickinson, E. C. (editor). 2003. The Howard and Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Third edition. Princeton University Press, New Jersey.

Galbraith, I.C.J. 1956. Variation, relationships and evolution in the Pachycephala pectoralis superspecies (Aves, Muscicapidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology 4: 133-222.

Jønsson, K.A., R.C.K. Bowie, R.G. Moyle, L. Christidis, J.A. Norman, B.W. Benz, and J. Fjeldså. 2010. Historical biogeography of an Indo-Pacific passerine bird family (Pachycephalidae): different colonization patterns in the Indonesian and Melanesian archipelagos. Journal of Biogeography 37: 245-257.

 

Pages 484-485, Golden Whistler Pachycephala pectoralis

A suite of subspecies (whitneyi, bougainvillei, orioloides, cinnamomea, sanfordi, pavuvu, centralis, melanoptera, melanonota, and christophori), all previously classified as subspecies of Golden Whistler (Pachycephala pectoralis), are split as a separate species, Oriole Whistler (Pachycephala orioloides), following Galbraith (1956), Dickinson (2003), and Jønsson et al. (2010).

References:

Dickinson, E. C. (editor). 2003. The Howard and Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Third edition. Princeton University Press, New Jersey.

Galbraith, I.C.J. 1956. Variation, relationships and evolution in the Pachycephala pectoralis superspecies (Aves, Muscicapidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology 4: 133-222.

Jønsson, K.A., R.C.K. Bowie, R.G. Moyle, L. Christidis, J.A. Norman, B.W. Benz, and J. Fjeldså. 2010. Historical biogeography of an Indo-Pacific passerine bird family (Pachycephalidae): different colonization patterns in the Indonesian and Melanesian archipelagos. Journal of Biogeography 37: 245-257.

 

Pages 484-485, Golden Whistler Pachycephala pectoralis

Subspecies feminina, previously classified as a subspecies of Golden Whistler (Pachycephala pectoralis), is split as a separate species, Rennell Whistler (Pachycephala feminina), following Jønsson et al. (2008) and Dutson (2011).

References:

     Dutson, G. 2011. Birds of Melanesia: Bismarcks, Solomons, Vanuatu, and New Caledonia.   Princeton University Press.

     Jønsson, K.A., R.C.K. Bowie, R.G.  Moyle, L. Christidis, C.E. Filardi, J.A. Norman, and J. Fjeldså. 2008, Molecular phylogenetics and diversification within one of the most geographically variable bird species complexes Pachycephala pectoralis/melanura. Journal of Avian Biology 39: 473–478.

 

Pages 484-485, Golden Whistler Pachycephala pectoralis

A suite of subspecies (javana, teysmanni, everetti, fulvotincta, and fulviventris), all previously classified as subspecies of Golden Whistler (Pachycephala pectoralis), are split as a separate species, Rusty-breasted Whistler (Pachycephala fulvotincta), following Galbraith (1956), Dickinson (2003), and Jønsson et al. (2010).

References:

Dickinson, E. C. (editor). 2003. The Howard and Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Third edition. Princeton University Press, New Jersey.

Galbraith, I.C.J. 1956. Variation, relationships and evolution in the Pachycephala pectoralis superspecies (Aves, Muscicapidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology 4: 133-222.

     Jønsson, K.A., R.C.K. Bowie, R.G.  Moyle, L. Christidis, C.E. Filardi, J.A. Norman, and J. Fjeldså. 2008, Molecular phylogenetics and diversification within one of the most geographically variable bird species complexes Pachycephala pectoralis/melanura. Journal of Avian Biology 39: 473–478.

 

Pages 484-485, Golden Whistler Pachycephala pectoralis

A suite of subspecies (pelengensis, clio, buruensis, macrorhyncha, calliope, compar, par, dammeriana, sharpei, and fuscoflava), all previously classified as subspecies of Golden Whistler (Pachycephala pectoralis), are split as a separate species, Yellow-throated Whistler (Pachycephala macrorhyncha), following Galbraith (1956), Dickinson (2003), and Jønsson et al. (2010).

References:

Dickinson, E. C. (editor). 2003. The Howard and Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Third edition. Princeton University Press, New Jersey.

Galbraith, I.C.J. 1956. Variation, relationships and evolution in the Pachycephala pectoralis superspecies (Aves, Muscicapidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology 4: 133-222.

     Jønsson, K.A., R.C.K. Bowie, R.G.  Moyle, L. Christidis, C.E. Filardi, J.A. Norman, and J. Fjeldså. 2008, Molecular phylogenetics and diversification within one of the most geographically variable bird species complexes Pachycephala pectoralis/melanura. Journal of Avian Biology 39: 473–478.

 

Pages 484-485, Golden Whistler Pachycephala pectoralis

A suite of subspecies (mentalis, tidorensis, and obiensis), all previously classified as subspecies of Golden Whistler (Pachycephala pectoralis), are split as a separate species, Black-chinned Whistler (Pachycephala mentalis), following Galbraith (1956), Dickinson (2003), and Jønsson et al. (2010).

References:

Dickinson, E. C. (editor). 2003. The Howard and Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Third edition. Princeton University Press, New Jersey.

Galbraith, I.C.J. 1956. Variation, relationships and evolution in the Pachycephala pectoralis superspecies (Aves, Muscicapidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology 4: 133-222.

     Jønsson, K.A., R.C.K. Bowie, R.G.  Moyle, L. Christidis, C.E. Filardi, J.A. Norman, and J. Fjeldså. 2008, Molecular phylogenetics and diversification within one of the most geographically variable bird species complexes Pachycephala pectoralis/melanura. Journal of Avian Biology 39: 473–478.

 

Pages 571-572, Common Fiscal Lanius collaris

Common Fiscal (Lanius collaris) is split into two species, Northern Fiscal (Lanius humeralis, including subspecies smithii, humeralis, and capelli) and Southern Fiscal (Lanius collaris, including subspecies marwitzi, collaris, pyrrhostictus, subcoronatus, and aridicolus), following Fuchs et al. (2011).

 

Reference:

Fuchs, J., T.M Crowe, and R.C.K. Bowie. 2011. Phylogeography of the fiscal shrike (Lanius collaris): a novel pattern of genetic structure across the arid zones and savannas of Africa. Journal of Biogeography 38: 2210-2222.

 

Page 567, Buru Oriole Oriolus bouroensis

Buru Oriole (Oriolus bouroensis) is split into two species, Buru Oriole (Oriolus bouroensis) and Tanimbar Oriole (Oriolus decipiens), following Rheindt and Hutchinson (2007).

Reference:

Rheindt, F.E., and R.O. Hutchinson. 2007. A photoshot odyssey through the confused avian taxonomy of Seram and Buru (southern Moluccas). BirdingASIA 7: 18-38.

 

Page 468, Blue Fantail Rhipidura superciliaris

Blue Fantail (Rhipidura superciliaris) is split into two species, Mindanao Blue-Fantail (Rhipidura superciliaris; includes subspecies apo) and Visayan Blue-Fantail (Rhipidura samarensis), based on Sánchez-González and Moyle (2011).

Reference:

Sánchez-González, L.A., and R.G. Moyle. 2011. Molecular systematic and species limits in the Philippine fantails (Aves: Rhipidura). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 61: 290-299.

 

Page 468, Blue-headed Fantail Rhipidura cyaniceps

Blue-headed Fantail (Rhipidura cyaniceps) is split into three species, Blue-headed Fantail (Rhipidura cyaniceps, including subspecies cyaniceps and pinicola), Tablas Fantail (Rhipidura sauli), and Visayan Fantail (Rhipidura albiventris), based on Sánchez-González and Moyle (2011).

Reference:

Sánchez-González, L.A., and R.G. Moyle. 2011. Molecular systematic and species limits in the Philippine fantails (Aves: Rhipidura). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 61: 290-299.

 

Page 583, Carola’s Parotia Parotia carolae

The monotypic group Carola’s Parotia (Bronze) (Parotia carolae berlepschi) is elevated to species rank as Bronze Parotia (Parotia berlepschi), following Frith and Frith (2009).

Reference:

Frith, C.B., and D.W. Frith. 2009. Family Paradeisaeidae (birds-of-paradise). Pages 404-492 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (editors). Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 14. Bush-shrikes to Old World sparrows. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

Page 529, Chestnut-bellied Nuthatch Sitta castanea

Chestnut-bellied Nuthatch (Sitta castanea) is split into three species, following Rasmussen and Anderton (2005): Indian Nuthatch (Sitta castanea); Chestnut-bellied Nuthatch (Sitta cinnamoventris), including subspecies almorae, koelzi, cinnamoventris, and tonkinensis); and Burmese Nuthatch (Sitta neglecta).

Also, revise the range of Indian Nuthatch from “Foothills of n and central India (Western Ghats)” to “northern and central India, and s Bangladesh; also sw India (sw Ghats)”.

Reference:

Rasmussen, P.C., and J.C. Anderton. 2005. Birds of South Asia: the Ripley guide. Lynx Edicions and Smithsonian Institution.

 

Page (addition), Antioquia Wren Thryophilus sernai

Antioquia Wren (Thryophilus sernai) is a newly described species. Antioquia Wren has not yet been accepted as valid by SACC, but we are sufficiently confident that SACC will accept this species that we admit it to the eBird/Clements checklist as a species. Position Antioquia Wren between Rufous-and-white Wren (Thryophilus rufalbus) and Niceforo’s Wren (Thryophilus nicefori). The range of Antioquia Wren is “arid Cauca Valley, Antioquia, Colombia”.

Reference:

Lara, C.E., A.M. Cuervo, S.V. Valderrama, D. Calderón-F., and C.D. Cadena. 2012. A new species of wren (Troglodytidae: Thryophilus) from the dry Cauca river canyon, northwestern Colombia. Auk 129: 537-550.

 

Page 383, Golden Bulbul Alophoixus affinis

Split Golden Bulbul (Alophoixus affinis) into three species, Northern Golden-Bulbul (Alophoixus longirostris), Buru Golden-Bulbul (Alophoixus mystacalis), and Seram Golden-Bulbul (Alophoixus affinis), based on Rheindt and Hutchinson (2007).

Reference:

Rheindt, F.E., and R.O. Hutchinson. 2007. A photoshot odyssey through the confused avian taxonomy of Seram and Buru (southern Moluccas). BirdingASIA 7: 18-38.

 

Page 491, Chestnut-capped Laughingthrush Garrulax mitratus

Chestnut-capped Laughingthrush (Garrulax mitratus) is split into two species, Chestnut-capped Laughingthrush (Garrulax mitratus, also including subspecies major) and Chestnut-hooded Laughingthrush (Garrulax treacheri, also including subspecies damnatus and griswoldi), following Collar and Robson (2007) and Collar (2011).

References:

Collar, N.J. 2011. Taxonomic notes on some Asian babblers (Timaliidae). Forktail number 27: 100-102.

Collar, N. J., and C. Robson. 2007. Family Timaliidae (babblers). Pages 70-291 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 12. Picathartes to Tits and Chickadees. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

Pages 492-493, Red-faced Liocichla Liocichla phoenicea

Red-faced Liocichla (Liocichla phoenicea) is split into two species, Red-faced Liocichla (Liocichla phoenicea, also including subspecies bakeri) and Scarlet-faced Liocichla (Liocichla ripponi, also including subspecies wellsi), following Collar and Robson (2007) and Collar (2011).

References:

Collar, N.J. 2011. Taxonomic notes on some Asian babblers (Timaliidae). Forktail number 27: 100-102.

Collar, N. J., and C. Robson. 2007. Family Timaliidae (babblers). Pages 70-291 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume12. Picathartes to Tits and Chickadees. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

Page 460, White-browed Shama Copsychus luzoniensis

Subspecies Copsychus luzoniensis superciliaris of White-browed Shama is elevated to species rank as Visayan Shama (Copsychus superciliaris), following Lim et al. (2010) and Collar (2011).

References:

Collar, N.J. 2011. Species limits in some Philippine birds including the Greater Flameback Chrysocolaptes lucidus. Forktail number 27: 29-38.

Lim, H.C., F. Zou, S.S. Taylor, B.D. Marks, R.G. Moyle, G. Voelker, and F.H. Sheldon. 2010. Phylogeny of magpie-robins and shamas (Aves: Turdidae: Copsychus and Trichixos): implications for island biogeography in Southeast Asia. Journal of Biogeography 37: 1894–1906.

 

Page 451, Rufous-chested Flycatcher Ficedula dumetoria

Split Rufous-chested Flycatcher (Ficedula dumetoria) into two species, Rufous-chested Flycatcher (Ficedula dumetoria) and Tanimbar Flycatcher (Ficedula riedeli), based on Outlaw and Voelker (2006).

Reference:

Outlaw, D.C., and G. Voelker. 2006. Systematics of Ficedula flycatchers (Muscicapidae): A molecular reassessment of a taxonomic enigma. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 41: 118–126.

 

Page 461, Stonechat Saxicola torquatus

Stonechat (Saxicola torquatus) is split into three species, European Stonechat (Saxicola rubicola), Siberian Stonechat (Saxicola maurus), and African Stonechat (Saxicola torquatus), based on a series of phylogenetic analyses of DNA sequence data (reviewed by Sangster et al. 2011).

Correspondingly, the names of several groups within this complex also are changed:

Stonechat (Siberian) Saxicola torquatus [maurus Group] becomes

Siberian Stonechat (Siberian) Saxicola maurus [maurus Group];

Stonechat (Stejneger’s) Saxicola torquatus stejnegeri becomes Siberian Stonechat (Stejneger’s) Saxicola maurus stejnegeri;

Stonechat (African) Saxicola torquatus [torquatus Group] becomes African Stonechat (African) Saxicola torquatus [torquatus Group];

Stonechat (Ethiopian) Saxicola torquatus albofasciatus becomes African Stonechat (Ethiopian) Saxicola torquatus albofasciatus; and

Stonechat (Madagascar) Saxicola torquatus sibilla becomes African Stonechat (Madagascar) Saxicola torquatus sibilla.

Reference:

Sangster, G., J.M. Collinson, P.-A. Crochet, A.G. Knox, D.T. Parkin, L. Svensson, and S.C. Votier. 2011. Taxonomic recommendations for British birds: seventh report. Ibis 153: 883-892.

Page (addition), Varzea Thrush Turdus sanchezorum

Varzea Thrush (Turdus sanchezorum) is a newly described species, recently accepted as valid by SACC. The range of Varzea Thrush is “N and c Amazonian Peru, sw Amazonian Brazil”; in most of its range it occurs in várzea (seasonally or permanently flooded forest), but locally it occurs in drier forests. Position Varzea Thrush between Ecuadorian Thrush (Turdus maculirostris) and Unicolored Thrush (Turdus haplochrous).

Reference:

O’Neill, J.P., D. F. Lane, and L. N. Naka. 2011. A cryptic new species of thrush (Turdidae: Turdus) from western Amazonia. Condor 113:869–880.

 

Page 533, Stripe-breasted Rhabdornis Rhabdornis inornatus

Subspecies Rhabdornis inornatus rabori of Stripe-breasted Rhabdornis is elevated to species rank as Visayan Rhabdornis (Rhabdornis rabori), following Collar (2011).

Collar, N.J. 2011. Species limits in some Philippine birds including the Greater Flameback Chrysocolaptes lucidus. Forktail number 27: 29-38.

 

Page 547, Flame-breasted Flowerpecker Dicaeum erythrothorax

Split Flame-breasted Flowerpecker (Dicaeum erythrothorax) into two species, Halmahera Flowerpecker (Dicaeum schistaceiceps) and Buru Flowerpecker (Dicaeum erythrothorax), based on Rheindt and Hutchinson (2007).

Reference:

Rheindt, F.E., and R.O. Hutchinson. 2007. A photoshot odyssey through the confused avian taxonomy of Seram and Buru (southern Moluccas). BirdingASIA 7: 18-38.

 

Page 543, Little Spiderhunter Arachnothera longirostra

Subspecies Arachnothera longirostra flammifera and Arachnothera longirostra randi of Little Spiderhunter are split as Orange-tufted Spiderhunter Arachnothera flammifera, following Moyle et al. (2011).

Subspecies Arachnothera longirostra dilutior of Little Spiderhunter is split as Pale Spiderhunter (Arachnothera dilutior), following Moyle et al. (2011).

Reference:

Moyle, R.G., S.S. Taylor, C.H. Oliveros, H.C. Lim, C.L. Haines, M.A. Rahman, and F.H. Sheldon. 2011. Diversification of an endemic Southeast Asian genus: phylogenetic relationships of the spiderhunters (Nectariniidae: Arachnothera). Auk 128: 777-788.

 

Page 544, Streaky-breasted Spiderhunter Arachnothera affinis

Subspecies Arachnothera affinis everetti of Streaky-breasted Spiderhunter is split as Bornean Spiderhunter (Arachnothera everetti), following Moyle et al. (2011).

Reference:

Moyle, R.G., S.S. Taylor, C.H. Oliveros, H.C. Lim, C.L. Haines, M.A. Rahman, and F.H. Sheldon. 2011. Diversification of an endemic Southeast Asian genus: phylogenetic relationships of the spiderhunters (Nectariniidae: Arachnothera). Auk 128: 777-788.

 

Page 671, Capped Seedeater Sporophila bouvreuil

Subspecies Sporophila bouvreuil pileata is elevated to species rank as Pearly-bellied Seedeater (Sporophila pileata), following Machado and Silveira (2010, 2011); see also SACC Proposal 502. Two other subspecies, crypta and saturata, are merged with nominate bouvreuil. Revise the range of nominate bouvreuil from “Suriname; e Brazil (Amazon delta to ne São Paulo)” to “E and c South America, from Suriname and French Guiana s to s Brazil”. Change the English name of Sporophila bouvreuil from Capped Seedeater to Copper Seedeater, following SACC Proposal 517.

References:

Machado, E., and L.F. Silveira. 2010. Geographical and seasonal distribution of the seedeaters Sporophila bouvreuil and Sporophila pileata (Aves: Emberizidae). Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia 50: 517-533.

Machado, E., and L.F. Silveira. 2011. Plumage variability and taxonomy of the Capped Seedeater Sporophila bouvreuil (Aves: Passeriformes: Emberizidae). Zootaxa number 2781: 49-62.

 

Page 655, House Bunting Emberiza striolata

House Bunting (Emberiza striolata) is split into two species, House Bunting (Emberiza sahari) and Striolated Bunting (Emberiza striolata), following Kirwan and Shirihai (2007). House Bunting also becomes a monotypic species, as the subspecies sanghae is not diagnosible (Kirwan and Shirihai 2007). Revise the range of Emberiza sahari from “Mountains of Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia to Mali and se Niger” to “Morocco east to nw Libya, s to Senegal, s Mali, Niger and ne Chad”.

Reference:

Kirwan, G.M., and H. Shirihai. 2007. Species limits in the House Bunting complex. Dutch Birding 29: 1-19.

 

Pages 636-637, Eurasian Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula

The monotypic group Eurasian Bullfinch (Azores) (Pyrrhula pyrrhula murina) is elevated to species rank as Azores Bullfinch (Pyrrhula murina), following Sangster et al. (2011); see also Töpfer et al. (2011).

References:

Sangster, G., J.M. Collinson, P.-A. Crochet, A.G. Knox, D.T. Parkin, L. Svensson, and S.C. Votier. 2011. Taxonomic recommendations for British birds: seventh report. Ibis 153: 883-892.

Töpfer, T., E. Haring, T.R. Birkhead, R.J. Lopes, L.L. Severinghaus, J. Martens, and M.  Päckert. 2011. A molecular phylogeny of bullfinches Pyrrhula Brisson, 1760 (Aves: Fringillidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 58: 271–282.

 

Page (addition), Italian Sparrow Passer italiae

There is widespread recognition that sparrows (Passer) of the Italian peninsula represent a population that originated from hybridization between House Sparrow (Passer domesticus) and Spanish Sparrow (Passer hispaniolensis). Taxonomic treatment of these sparrows varies widely, from recognition as a species, a subspecies (of either House or Spanish sparrow), or it has not been recognized at all a taxon (as in Clements Checklists 6.5 and 6.6). Recent work (Hermansen et al. 2011, Elgvin et al. 2011) supports a hybrid origin of the sparrows of the Italian peninsula, but further argues that this population merits recognition as a species. Consequently we recognize Italian Sparrow (Passer italiae), with range “Italian Peninsula, Corsica, Sicily, and Crete”. Position Italian Sparrow between House Sparrow (Passer domesticus) and Spanish Sparrow (Passer hispaniolensis).

References:

Elgvin, T.O., J.S. Hermansen, A. Fijarczyk, T. Bonnet, T. Borge, S.A. Sæther, K.L. Voje, and G.-P. Sætre. 2011. Hybrid speciation in sparrows II: a role for sex chromosomes? Molecular Ecology 20: 3823–3837.

Hermansen, J.S., S.A. Sæther, T.O. Elgvin, T. Borge, E. Hjelle, and G.-P. Sætre. 2011. Hybrid speciation in sparrows I: phenotypic intermediacy, genetic admixture and barriers to gene flow. Molecular Ecology 20: 3812–3822.

 

SPECIES LOSSES (lumps and other deletions)

Page 71, Vietnamese Pheasant Lophura hatinhensis

Vietnamese Pheasant (Lophura hatinhensis) is deleted, following Hennache et al. (2012). This controversial species is not a valid taxon, but instead apparently is based on inbred examples of Edward’s Pheasant (Lophura edwardsi).

Reference:

Hennache, A., S.P. Mahood, J.C. Eames, and E. Randi. 2012. Lophura hatinhensis is an invalid taxon. Forktail number 28: 129-135.

 

Page 484, Gray-headed Whistler Pachycephala griseiceps

Gray-headed Whistler (Pachycephala griseiceps) is lumped with Gray Whistler (Pachycephala simplex), following Dickinson (2003) and Christidis and Boles (2008). We continue to recognize this group of subspecies as a new polytypic group, Gray Whistler (Gray-headed) Pachycephala simplex [griseiceps Group].

References:

Christidis, L., and W. E. Boles. 2008. Systematics and taxonomy of Australian birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.

Dickinson, E. C. (editor). 2003. The Howard and Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Third edition. Princeton University Press, New Jersey.

 

Page 497, Naung Mung Scimitar-babbler Jabouilleia naungmungensis

The recently described Naung Mung Scimitar-Babbler (Jabouilleia naungmungensis) now is considered to be a subspecies of the more widespread Short-tailed Scimitar-Babbler (Jabouilleia danjoui), following Collar and Robson (2007) and Collar (2011). We continue to recognize naungmungensis, however, as a monotypic group, Short-tailed Scimitar-Babbler (Naung Mung) (Jabouilleia danjoui naungmungensis).

References:

Collar, N.J. 2011. Taxonomic notes on some Asian babblers (Timaliidae). Forktail number 27: 100-102.

Collar, N. J., and C. Robson. 2007. Family Timaliidae (babblers). Pages 70-291 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume12. Picathartes to Tits and Chickadees. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

Page 401, Amber Mountain Rock-Thrush Monticola erythronota

Benson’s Rock-Thrush Monticola bensoni

Both Amber Mountain Rock-Thrush (Monticola erythronota) and Benson’s Rock-Thrush (Monticola bensoni) are embedded within Forest Rock-Thrush (Monticola sharpei), and so both are lumped with Forest Rock-Thrush. We retain both taxa as separate monotypic groups, Forest Rock-Thrush (Amber Mountain) (Monticola sharpei erythronotus) and Forest Rock-Thrush (Benson’s) (Monticola sharpei bensoni).

Note that erythronota is corrected to erythronotus.

Nominate sharpei, which we also recognize as a monotypic group, Forest Rock-Thrush (Forest) Monticola sharpei sharpei, is the only other subspecies recognized in Forest Rock-Thrush. The genetic analysis by Cruaud et al. (2011), however, suggests that there may be two as yet undescribed lineages within Forest Rock-Thrush, one from the central west of Madagascar (Bemaraha) and one from the northern highlands.

Reference:

Cruaud, A., M.J. Raherilalao, E. Pasquet, and S.M. Goodman. 2011. Phylogeography and systematics of the Malagasy rock-thrushes (Muscicapidae, Monticola). Zoologica Scripta 40: 554–566.

 

Page 655, White-bellied Warbler Basileuterus hypoleucus

White-bellied Warbler (Basileuterus hypoleucus) is lumped with Golden-crowned Warbler (Basileuterus culicivorus). White-bellied Warbler long has been considered to be closely related to Golden-crowned Warbler. The most recent evidence for lumping these two is from Vilaça and Santos (2010); see also the discussion of the taxonomic history of White-bellied Warber in SACC Proposal 493.

Reference:

Vilaça, S.T., and F.R. Santos. 2010. Biogeographic history of the species complex Basileuterus culicivorus (Aves, Parulidae).  Molecular Phylogenetics Evolution 57: 585-597.

FAMILIES

FAMILIES (newly recognized families)

Bucorvidae (Ground-Hornbills)

Pages 231, Abyssinian Ground-Hornbill Bucorvus abyssinicus

Southern Ground-Hornbill Bucorvus leadbeateri

Separate the two species of ground-hornbills (Bucorvus) into a new family, Bucorvidae.

References:

Dickinson, E. C. (editor). 2003. The Howard and Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Third edition. Princeton University Press, New Jersey.

Kemp, A.J. 1995. The hornbills. Bucerotiformes. Oxford University Press, Oxford and New York.

Wolters, H.E. 1976. Die Vogelarten der Erde. Part 2: 81-160. Paul Parey, Hamburg.

FAMILIES (lumps)

Page 647, Coerebidae (Bananaquit)         

Coerebidae, a monotypic family for Bananaquit (Coereba flaveola), is one of many genera that are transferred to the Thraupidae (Tanagers and Allies), following many recent studies based on phylogenetic analysis of DNA sequence data.

References:

Burns, K.J., S.J. Hackett, and N.K. Klein. 2002. Phylogenetic relationships and morphological diversity in Darwin’s finches and their relatives. Evolution 56: 1240-1252.

Burns, K.J., S.J. Hackett, and N.K. Klein. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships of Neotropical honeycreepers and the evolution of feeding morphology. Journal of Avian Biology 34: 360-370.

Klicka, J., K. Burns, and G.M. Spellman. 2007. Defining a monophyletic Cardinalini: A molecular perspective. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 45: 1014-1032.

Sato, A., H. Tichy, C. O’Huigin, P.R. Grant, B.R. Grant, and J. Klein. 2001. On the origin of Darwin’s finches. Molecular Biology and Evolution 18: 299-311.

 

FAMILIES (nomenclature)

 

Page 514, Eupetidae (Rail-babbler and Ifrita)

Change the English name of Eupetidae from Rail-babbler and Ifrita to Rail-babbler, following the removal of Blue-capped Ifrita (Ifrita kowaldi) from this family (see below).

 

Sylviidae (Old World Warblers)

In view of the many changes in recent years to the composition of Sylviidae, change the English name of the family from Old World Warblers to Sylviids, Parrotbills and Allies.

 

Page 664, Urocynchramidae (Przewalski’s Rosefinch)

Correct the spelling of the English name for this family from Przewalski’s Rosefinch to Przevalski’s Rosefinch, to match the English name of the sole species in Urocynchramidae, Przevalski’s Rosefinch (Urocynchramus pylzowi).

 

Emberizidae (Buntings, Sparrows and Allies)

Change the English name of Emberizidae from Buntings, Sparrows and Allies to Buntings and New World Sparrows.

FAMILIES (composition)

Acanthizidae (Thornbills and Allies)

Page 483, Dwarf Whistler Pachycare flavogriseum

Dwarf Whistler (Pachycare flavogriseum) is not a member of Pachycephalidae (Whistlers and Allies), but is a member of the Acanthizidae (Thornbills and Allies), following Norman et al. (2009). Position this species at the beginning of the family. As this species is not a whistler, change the English name to Goldenface.

Reference:

Norman, J.A., W.E. Boles, L. Christidis, L. 2009b. Relationships of the New Guinean songbird genera Amalocichla and Pachycare based on mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences. Journal of Avian Biology 40: 640-645.

 

Oriolidae (Old World Orioles)

Pages 487-488, Hooded Pitohui Pitohui dichrous

Variable Pitohui Pitohui kirhocephalus

Dumbacher et al. (2008) documented that the genus Pitohui, formerly of the Pachycephalidae (Whistlers and Allies), contains several different, unrelated clades (lineages). Jønsson et al. (2010) showed that the “true” pitohuis (Hooded Pitohui, Pitohui dichrous, and the type species for the genus, Variable Pitohui, Pitohui kirhocephalus) belong with the Oriolidae (Old World Orioles), not with the Pachycephalidae. Position these two species at the beginning of Oriolidae.

References:

Dumbacher, J.P., K. Deiner, L. Thompson, and R.C. Fleischer. 2008. Phylogeny of the avian genus Pitohui and the evolution of toxicity in birds. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 49: 774-781.

Jønsson, K.A. Jønsson, R.C.K. Bowie, R.G. Moyle, M. Irestedt, L. Christidis, J.A. Norman, and J. Fjeldså. 2010. Phylogeny and biogeography of Oriolidae (Aves: Passeriformes). Ecography 33: 232241.

 

Oriolidae (Old World Orioles)

Page 700, Piopio Turnagra capensis

The enigmatic (and extinct) Piopio (Turnagra capensis) long has defied classification. Recent editions of Clements Checklist have included it in Petroicidae (Australasian Robins), but new research (Zuccon and Ericson 2012) reveals that in fact Piopio is an oriole (Oriolidae, Old World Orioles). Position this species at the end of the Oriolidae.

Reference:

Zuccon, D., and P.G.P. Ericson.2102. Molecular and morphological evidences place the extinct New Zealand endemic Turnagra capensis in the Oriolidae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 62: 414–426.

 

Rhipiduridae (Fantails)

Page 577, Papuan Drongo Chaetorhynchus papuensis

Papuan Drongo (Chaetorhynchus papuensis) is moved from the Dicruridae (Drongos), to which it is not related, and provisionally is placed with the Rhipiduridae (Fantails), following Irestedt et al. (2008). The English name is changed to Pygmy Drongo-Fantail.

Reference:

Irestedt, M., J. Fuchs, K.A. Jønsson, J.I. Ohlson, E. Pasquet, and P.G.P. Ericson. 2008. The systematic affinity of the enigmatic Lamprolia victoriae (Aves: Passeriformes)—An example of avian dispersal between New Guinea and Fiji over Miocene intermittent land bridges? Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 48: 1218–1222.

 

Rhipiduridae (Fantails)

Page 479, Silktail Lamprolia victoriae

Silktail (Lamprolia victoriae) is moved from the Monarchidae (Monarch Flycatchers), to which it is not related, and provisionally is placed with the Rhipiduridae (Fantails), following Irestedt et al. (2008).

Reference:

Irestedt, M., J. Fuchs, K.A. Jønsson, J.I. Ohlson, E. Pasquet, and P.G.P. Ericson. 2008. The systematic affinity of the enigmatic Lamprolia victoriae (Aves: Passeriformes)—An example of avian dispersal between New Guinea and Fiji over Miocene intermittent land bridges? Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 48: 1218–1222.

 

Monarchidae (Monarch Flycatchers)

Page 514, Blue-capped Ifrita Ifrita kowaldi

The affinities of the Blue-capped Ifrita (Ifrita kowaldi) still are not clear, but this species appears to be most closesly to Monarchidae (Monarch Flycatchers), following (Norman et al. (2009). Provisionally we move Blue-capped Ifrita to the beginning of the Monarchidae (Monarch Flycatchers).

Reference:

Norman, J.A., P.G.P. Ericson, K.A. Jønsson, J. Fjeldså, and L. Christidis. 2009. A multi-gene phylogeny reveals novel relationships for aberrant genera of Australo-Papuan core Corvoidea and polyphyly of the Pachycephalidae and Psophodidae (Aves: Passeriformes). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 52: 488-497.

 

Thraupidae (Tanagers and Allies)

Many genera formerly classified in Emberizidae (Buntings and New World Sparrows) are transferred to the Thraupidae (Tanagers and Allies), following many recent studies based on phylogenetic analysis of DNA sequence data:

Paroaria    see SACC Proposal 276

For the following genera, see SACC Proposal 512

Porphyrospiza

Phrygilus

Idiopsar

Diuca

Melanodera

Haplospiza

Acanthidops

Lophospingus

Donacospiza

Rowettia

Nesospiza

Piezorhina

Xenospingus

Incaspiza

Poospiza

Compsospiza

Sicalis

Emberizoides

Embernagra

Volatinia

Sporophila

Oryzoborus

Dolospingus

Catamenia

Charitospiza

Coryphaspiza

Coryphospingus

Rhodospingus

Gubernatrix

Coereba

Tiaris

Euneornis

Loxigilla

Melopyrrha

Loxipasser

Melanospiza

Pinaroloxias

Certhidea

Platyspiza

Camarhynchus

Geospiza

 

STANDARD UPDATES and CORRECTIONS

 

Page 26, Black-bellied Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna autumnalis

Two subspecies of Black-bellied Whistling-Duck are recognized almost universally, although these inadvertently were omitted from earlier editions of the eBird/Clements Checklist. Add the following subspecies, each of which also forms a monotypic group:

Black-bellied Whistling-Duck (Northern) Dendrocygna autumnalis autumnalis

Range: S US to Panama

Black-bellied Whistling-Duck (Southern) Dendrocygna autumnalis discolor

Range: Panama to n Argentina (mainly east of Andes)

 

Page 69, Gray-breasted Partridge (Arborophila orientalis)

Change the English name of the group (monotypic) for Arborophila orientalis campbelli from Gray-breasted Partridge (Malaysian) to Gray-breasted Partridge (Malayan), to better express the geographic distribution of this group.

 

Page 58, Siberian Grouse (Dendragapus falcipennis)

Siberian Grouse is the type species for the genus Falcipennis. Correct the genus name from Dendragapus to Falcipennis, and move Siberian Grouse to a position between Gunnison Sage-Grouse (Centrocercus minimus) and Spruce Grouse (Falcipennis canadensis).

 

Page 8, Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena

Correct the scientific name of the North American subspecies from Podiceps grisegena holboellii to Podiceps grisegena holbollii.

Reference:

1973. Thirty-second supplement to the American  Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American birds. Auk 90: 411-419.

 

Page 9, Clark’s Grebe Aechmophorus clarkii

Reverse the sequence in which the two subspecies of Clark’s Grebe are listed, and correctly match the ranges with the subspecies: the range of subspecies Aechmophorus clarkii transitionalis is “W North America (se Alaska to n Mexico)”, and of subspecies Aechmophorus clarkii clarkii is “Coastal w Mexico (Nayarit) and Mexican plateau”.

 

Page 10, Great-winged Petrel Pterodroma macroptera

To conform to recent usage, change the English names of the two monotypic groups:

Great-winged Petrel (macroptera) (Pterodroma macroptera macroptera) becomes Great-winged Petrel (Great-winged); and

Great-winged Petrel (gouldi) (Pterodroma macroptera gouldi) becomes Great-winged Petrel (Gray-faced).

 

Pages 10-11, Fiji Petrel Pterodroma macgillivrayi

Mascarene Petrel Pterodroma aterrima

Tahiti Petrel Pterodroma rostrata

Beck’s Petrel Pterodroma becki

These four species do not belong within the genus Pterodroma (see Gangloff et al. 2012, and references cited therein). All four are placed in the genus Pseudobulweria. The position of Pseudobulweria within the family Procellariidae (Shearwaters and Petrels) is not yet clear. Provisionally, we place Pseudobulweria between the genera Bulweria and Procellaria.

Reference:

Gangloff, B., H. Shirihai, D. Watling, C. Cruaud, A. Couloux, A. Tillier, E. Pasquet, and V. Bretagnolle. 2012. The complete phylogeny of Pseudobulweria, the most endangered seabird genus: systematics, species status and conservation implications. Conservation Genetics 13: 39–52.

 

Page 13, Townsend’s Shearwater Puffinus auricularis

Change the English name of the group Townsend’s Shearwater (myrtae) (Puffinus auricularis myrtae) to Townsend’s Shearwater (Rapa Island).

 

Page 13, Little Shearwater Puffinus assimilis

Change the English name of the several groups:

Little Shearwater (assimilis) (Puffinus assimilis assimilis) to Little Shearwater (Tasman)

Little Shearwater (kermadecensis) (Puffinus assimilis kermadecensis) to Little Shearwater (Kermadec)

Little Shearwater (haurakiensis) (Puffinus assimilis haurakiensis) to Little Shearwater (Hauraki)

Little Shearwater (tunneyi) (Puffinus assimilis tunneyi) to Little Shearwater (West Australian)

 

Page (addition), Wilson’s Storm-Petrel Oceanites oceanicus

Subspecies chilensis originally was described by Murphy (1936), but long has been dismissed as a synonym of nominate oceanicus. Recent authors regard chilensis as a valid subspecies, however, with range “Range incompletely known. Breeds Tierra del Fuego; ranges north to Peru”. This subspecies also constitutes a monotypic group, Wilson’s Storm-Petrel (Fuegian) (Oceanites oceanicus chilensis). The two other subspecies form a new polytypic group, Wilson’s Storm-Petrel (Wilson’s) (Oceanites oceanicus oceanicus/exasperatus).

Also, revise the ranges of the two other subspecies of Wilson’s Storm-Petrel:

Oceanites oceanicus oceanicus – revise range from “Subantarctic islands from Cape Horn to Kerguelen Islands” to “Breeds Subantarctic islands from Cape Horn to Kerguelen Islands; migrates north to pelagic waters of Northern Hemisphere”

Oceanites oceanicus exasperatus – revise range from “South Shetland Is., South Sandwich Is. and adj. Antarctic coast” to “Breeds South Shetland Is., South Sandwich Is. and adj. Antarctic coast; migrates north to pelagic waters of Northern Hemisphere”

References:

Jaramillo, A. 2009. Humboldt Current seabirding in Chile. Neotropical Birding 4: 27-39.

Murphy, R.C. 1936. Oceanic birds of South America [page 754]. American Museum of Natural History, New York.

Onley, D.J., and P. Scofield. 2007. Albatrosses, petrels and shearwaters of the world. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Palma, R.L., A.J.D. Tennyson, C.P. Gaskin, and A. Jaramillo. 2012. The scientific name, author, and date for the “Fuegian storm-petrel”, a subspecies of Oceanites oceanicus from southern South America. Notornis 59: 74-78.

 

Page 14, European Storm-Petrel Hydrobates pelagicus

The range statements for the two subspecies are reversed:

European Storm-Petrel (British) Hydrobates pelagicus pelagicus is the population with range “Breeds NE Atlantic; winter range unknown, possibly to Indian Ocean”; and

European Storm-Petrel (Mediterranean) Hydrobates pelagicus militensis is the population with range “Breeds Mediterranean; winter range unknown, possibly to Indian Ocean”.

 

Page 699, New Zealand Storm-Petrel Oceanites maorianus

The critically endangered and poorly known New Zealand Storm-Petrel is not a member of the genus Oceanites, but rather belongs with the genus Fregetta. Change the scientific name of New Zealand Storm-Petrel to Fregetta maoriana, and position this species between White-bellied Storm-Petrel (Fregetta grallaria) and Black-bellied Storm-Petrel (Fregetta tropica).

Reference:

Robertson, B.C., B.M. Stephenson, and S.J. Goldstien. 2011. When rediscovery is not enough: Taxonomic uncertainty hinders conservation of a critically endangered bird. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 61: 949–952.

 

Page 24, Marabou Stork Leptoptilos crumeniferus

The spelling of the scientific name of Marabou Stork is changed from Leptoptilos crumeniferus to Leptoptilos crumenifer, following David and Gosselin (2011).

Reference:

David, N., and M. Gosselin. 2011. Gender agreement of avian species-group names under Article 31.2.2 of the ICZN Code. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 131: 103-115.

 

Page 24, Australian Ibis Threskiornis molucca

The spelling of the scientific name of Australian Ibis is changed from Threskiornis molucca to Threskiornis moluccus, following David and Gosselin (2011).

Reference:

David, N., and M. Gosselin. 2011. Gender agreement of avian species-group names under Article 31.2.2 of the ICZN Code. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 131: 103-115.

 

Page 49, Sectetary-bird Sagittarius serpentarius

Sagittariidae (Secretary-bird) is moved from the end of Accipitriformes to the beginning.

References:

Helbig, A.J., A. Kocum, I. Seibold, and M.J. Braun. 2005. A multi-gene phylogeny of aquiline eagles (Aves: Accipitriformes) reveals extensive paraphyly at the genus level. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 35: 147–164.

Lerner, H.R.L., and D.P. Mindell. 2005. Phylogeny of eagles, Old World vultures, and other Accipitridae based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 37: 327–346.

Griffiths, C.G., G.F. Barrowclough, J.G. Groth, and L.A. Mertz. 2007. Phylogeny, diversity, and classification of the Accipitridae based on DNA sequences of the RAG-1 exon. Journal of Avian Biology 38: 587-602.

Hackett, S.J., R.T. Kimball, S. Reddy, R.C.K. Bowie, E.L. Braun, M.J. Braun, J.L. Chojnowski, W.A. Cox, K.-L. Han, J. Harshman, C.J. Huddleston, B.D. Marks, K.J. Miglia, W.S. Moore, F.H. Sheldon, D.W. Steadman, C.C. Witt, and T. Yuri. 2008. A phylogenomic study of birds reveals their evolutionary history. Science 320: 1763-1768.

 

Pages 34-49, Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles, and Kites)

The sequence of genera within Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles, and Kites) is revised, to bring the sequence closer in line with the results of recent genetic evidence on the phylogenetic relationships of these raptors. The sequence of genera we adopt is:

Gampsonyx

Elanus

Chelictinia

Polyboroides

Gypohierax

Eutriorchis

Gypaetus

Neophron

Chondrohierax

Leptodon

Henicopernis

Pernis

Elanoides

Aviceda

Lophoictinia

Hamirostra

Sarcogyps

Trigonoceps

Aegypius

Torgos

Necrosyrtes

Gyps

Spilornis

Pithecophaga

Terathopius

Dryotriorchis

Circaetus

Macheiramphus

Harpyopsis

Morphnus

Harpia

Stephanoaetus

Nisaetus

Polemaetus

Lophotriorchis

Spizaetus

Lophaetus

Ictinaetus

Clanga     newly recognized genus

Hieraaetus

Aquila

Kaupifalco

Melierax

Micronisus

Busarellus

Rostrhamus

Helicolestes

Harpagus

Ictinia

Butastur

Circus

Accipiter

Erythrotriorchis

Megatriorchis

Urotriorchis

Milvus

Haliastur

Haliaeetus

Ichthyophaga

Geranospiza

Cryptoleucopteryx     newly recognized genus

Buteogallus

Morphnarchus     newly recognized genus

Rupornis     newly recognized genus

Parabuteo

Geranoaetus

Pseudastur     newly recognized genus

Leucopternis

Buteo

References:

Lerner, H.R.L., and D.P. Mindell. 2005. Phylogeny of eagles, Old World vultures, and other Accipitridae based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 37: 327–346.

Griffiths, C.G., G.F. Barrowclough, J.G. Groth, and L.A. Mertz. 2007. Phylogeny, diversity, and classification of the Accipitridae based on DNA sequences of the RAG-1 exon. Journal of Avian Biology 38: 587-602.

 

Page 38, Crested Serpent-Eagle Spilornis cheela

Correct a typographic error in the spelling of the English name of the monotypic group Spilornis cheela abbotti from Crested Serpent-Eagle (Simeuleu) to Crested Serpent-Eagle (Simeulue).

 

Page 47, Lesser Spotted Eagle Aquila pomarina

Indian Spotted Eagle Aquila hastata

Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga

The spotted eagles are removed from Aquila, following Helbig et al. (2005), and placed in the genus Clanga (Gregory and Dickinson 2012). The sequence of genera in Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles, and Kites), in accord with recent research, especially Lerner and Mindell (2005) and Griffiths et al. (2007).

References:

Gregory, S.M.S., and E.C. Dickinson. 2012. Clanga has priority over Aquiloides (or how to drop a clanger). Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 132: 135-136.

Helbig, A.J., A. Kocum, I. Seibold, and M.J. Braun. 2005. A multi-gene phylogeny of aquiline eagles (Aves: Accipitriformes) reveals extensive paraphyly at the genus level. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 35: 147–164.

Lerner, H.R.L., and D.P. Mindell. 2005. Phylogeny of eagles, Old World vultures, and other Accipitridae based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 37: 327–346.

 

Page 40, Chinese Goshawk Accipiter soloensis

Change the English name from Chinese Goshawk to Chinese Sparrowhawk, in accord with recent usage.

 

Page 41, Pied Goshawk Accipiter albogularis
Revise the range of subspecies Accipiter albogularis woodfordi from “Solomon Islands” to “Solomon Islands (Bougainville, Treasury, Choiseul, Florida, and Guadalcanal)”.

Revise the range of subspecies Accipiter albogularis albogularis from “Solomon Islands (San Cristóbal and Santa Anna)” to “Solomon Islands (Makira, Ugi, and Santa Ana)”.

Revise the range of subspecies Accipiter albogularis gilvus from “Central Solomon Islands” to “central Solomon Islands (Vella Lavella, Kolombangara, New Georgia, and Rendova)”.

 

Page 37, Solomon Sea-Eagle Haliaeetus sanfordi

Change the English name from Solomon Sea-Eagle to Sanford’s Sea-Eagle, in accord with recent usage.

References:

Dutson, G. 2011. Birds of Melanesia. The Bismarks, Solomons, Vanuatu and New Caledonia. Christopher Helm, London.

Ferguson-Lees, J. and D.A. Christie. 2001. Raptors of the world. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts, and New York, New York.

Thiollay, J.M. 1994. Family Accipitridae (hawks and eagles). Pages 52-205 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and J. Sargatal (editors). Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 2. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

Page 44, Plumbeous Hawk Leucopternis plumbeus

The traditional genus Leucopternis contains several unrelated lineages. Following NACC (Proposal 2011-B-5) and SACC (Proposal 492), based primarily on Raposo do Amaral et al. (2009), Plumbeous Hawk is removed from Leucopternis to the newly described genus Cryptoleucopteryx, and the species name changes from plumbeus to plumbea.

Reference:

Raposo do Amaral, F., F.H. Sheldon, A. Gamauf, E. Haring, M. Riesing, L.F. Silveira, and A. Wanjtal. 2009. Patterns and processes of diversification in a widespread and ecologically diverse avian group, the buteonine hawks (Aves, Accipitridae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 53: 703-715.

 

Pages 44-45, Slate-colored Hawk Leucopternis schistaceus

White-necked Hawk Leucopternis lacernulatus

Common Black-Hawk Buteogallus anthracinus

Cuban Black-Hawk Buteogallus gundlachii

Rufous Crab Hawk Buteogallus aequinoctialis

Great Black-Hawk Buteogallus urubitinga

Savanna Hawk Buteogallus meridionalis

Solitary Eagle Harpyhaliaetus solitarius

Crowned Eagle Harpyhaliaetus coronatus

The genus Buteogallus is expanded to include two species formerly classified in the genus Leucopternis, and both species of Harpyhaliaetus; also, the sequence of species within Buteogallus is revised slightly. These rearrangements follow NACC (Proposal 2011-B-5) and SACC (Proposal 492), and are based primarily on Raposo do Amaral et al. (2009). The new sequence of species within Buteogallus is

Slate-colored Hawk       Buteogallus schistaceus

Common Black-Hawk   Buteogallus anthracinus

Cuban Black-Hawk       Buteogallus gundlachii

Rufous Crab Hawk     Buteogallus aequinoctialis

Savanna Hawk            Buteogallus meridionalis

White-necked Hawk   Buteogallus lacernulatus

Great Black-Hawk      Buteogallus urubitinga

Solitary Eagle            Buteogallus solitarius

Crowned Eagle           Buteogallus coronatus

Reference:

Raposo do Amaral, F., F.H. Sheldon, A. Gamauf, E. Haring, M. Riesing, L.F. Silveira, and A. Wanjtal. 2009. Patterns and processes of diversification in a widespread and ecologically diverse avian group, the buteonine hawks (Aves, Accipitridae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 53: 703-715.

 

Page 44, Barred Hawk Leucopternis princeps

The traditional genus Leucopternis contains several unrelated lineages. Following NACC (Proposal 2011-B-5) and SACC (Proposal 460), based primarily on Raposo do Amaral et al. (2009), Barred Hawk is removed from Leucopternis to the genus Morphnarchus.

Reference:

Raposo do Amaral, F., F.H. Sheldon, A. Gamauf, E. Haring, M. Riesing, L.F. Silveira, and A. Wanjtal. 2009. Patterns and processes of diversification in a widespread and ecologically diverse avian group, the buteonine hawks (Aves, Accipitridae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 53: 703-715.

 

Page 45, Roadside Hawk Buteo magnirostris

Following SACC (Proposal 460), based primarily on Raposo do Amaral et al. (2009), Roadside Hawk is removed from Buteo to the genus Rupornis.

Reference:

Raposo do Amaral, F., F.H. Sheldon, A. Gamauf, E. Haring, M. Riesing, L.F. Silveira, and A. Wanjtal. 2009. Patterns and processes of diversification in a widespread and ecologically diverse avian group, the buteonine hawks (Aves, Accipitridae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 53: 703-715.

 

Page 45, White-rumped Hawk Buteo leucorrhous

Following SACC (Proposal 460), based primarily on Raposo do Amaral et al. (2009), White-rumped Hawk is removed from Buteo to the genus Parabuteo.

Reference:

Raposo do Amaral, F., F.H. Sheldon, A. Gamauf, E. Haring, M. Riesing, L.F. Silveira, and A. Wanjtal. 2009. Patterns and processes of diversification in a widespread and ecologically diverse avian group, the buteonine hawks (Aves, Accipitridae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 53: 703-715.

 

Page 46, White-tailed Hawk Buteo albicaudatus

Variable Hawk Buteo polyosoma

Following SACC (Proposal 460), based primarily on Raposo do Amaral et al. (2009), White-tailed Hawk and Variable Hawk are removed from Buteo to the genus Geranoaetus.

Reference:

Raposo do Amaral, F., F.H. Sheldon, A. Gamauf, E. Haring, M. Riesing, L.F. Silveira, and A. Wanjtal. 2009. Patterns and processes of diversification in a widespread and ecologically diverse avian group, the buteonine hawks (Aves, Accipitridae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 53: 703-715.

 

Page 44, White Hawk Leucopternis albicollis

Gray-backed Hawk Leucopternis occidentalis

Mantled Hawk Leucopternis polionotus

The traditional genus Leucopternis contains several unrelated lineages. Following NACC (Proposal 2011-B-5) and SACC (Proposal 460), based primarily on Raposo do Amaral et al. (2009), White Hawk, Gray-backed Hawk, and Mantled Hawk are removed from Leucopternis to the genus Pseudastur.

Reference:

Raposo do Amaral, F., F.H. Sheldon, A. Gamauf, E. Haring, M. Riesing, L.F. Silveira, and A. Wanjtal. 2009. Patterns and processes of diversification in a widespread and ecologically diverse avian group, the buteonine hawks (Aves, Accipitridae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 53: 703-715.

 

Page 45, Gray-lined Hawk Buteo nitidus

The name previously used for the northernmost subspecies, costaricensis (Swann 1922), is preoccupied by Buteo jamaicensis costaricensis Ridgway 1874, and so we adopt the name blakei Hellmayr and Conover 1949.

Reference:

Hellmayr, C. E., and B. Conover. 1949. Catalogue of birds of the Americas. Part I. Field Museum of Natural History Zoological Series volume 13, part 1, number 4: 160.

 

Page 47, Ferruginous Hawk Buteo regalis

Rough-legged Hawk Buteo lagopus

Genetic evidence indicates that these two species are not embedded within Old World Buteo, but instead are sister to Old World species. Consequently we reposition Ferruginous and Rough-legged hawks between Red-tailed Hawk (Buteo jamaicensis) and Common Buzzard (Buteo buteo).

References:

Raposo do Amaral, F., F.H. Sheldon, A. Gamauf, E. Haring, M. Riesing, L.F. Silveira, and A. Wanjtal. 2009. Patterns and processes of diversification in a widespread and ecologically diverse avian group, the buteonine hawks (Aves, Accipitridae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 53: 703-715.

Riesing, M.J., L. Kruckenhauser, A. Gamauf, and E. Haring. 2003. Molecular phylogeny of the genus Buteo (Aves: Accipitridae) based on mitochondrial marker sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 27: 328–342.

 

Page 82, Platen’s Rail Aramidopsis plateni

Revise the English name of Platen’s Rail to Snoring Rail, in accord with regional usage.

References:

Coates, B.J., and K.D. Bishop. 1997. A guide to the birds of Wallacea. Sulawesi, The Moluccas, and Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Dove Publications, Alderley, Queensland.

White, C.M.N., and M.D. Bruce. 1986. The Birds of Wallacea. (Sulawesi, The Moluccas & Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia). British Ornithologists’ Union Check-list number 7. British Ornithologists’ Union, London.

 

Page 81, Clapper Rail Rallus longirostris

In accord with nomenclatural priority, change the scientific name for the polytypic group Clapper Rail (Gulf Coast) from Rallus longirostris scottii/saturatus to Rallus longirostris saturatus/scottii.

 

Page 82, Gray-necked Wood-Rail Aramides cajanea

The spelling of the scientific name of Gray-necked Wood-Rail is changed from Aramides cajanea to Aramides cajaneus, following David and Gosselin (2011).

Reference:

David, N., and M. Gosselin. 2011. Gender agreement of avian species-group names under Article 31.2.2 of the ICZN Code. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 131: 103-115.

 

Page 82, Bare-faced Rail Gymnocrex rosenbergii

Revise the English name of Bare-faced Rail to Blue-faced Rail, in accord with regional usage.

References:

Coates, B.J., and K.D. Bishop. 1997. A guide to the birds of Wallacea. Sulawesi, The Moluccas, and Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Dove Publications, Alderley, Queensland.

Inskipp, T., N. Lindsey, and W. Duckworth. 1996. An annotated checklist of the birds of the Oriental Region. Oriental Bird Club, Sandy, Bedfordshire.

 

Page 85, Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinica

The spelling of the scientific name of Purple Galliule is changed from Porphyrio martinica to Porphyrio martinicus, following David and Gosselin (2011).

Reference:

David, N., and M. Gosselin.  2011. Gender agreement of avian species-group names under Article 31.2.2 of the ICZN Code. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 131: 103-115.

 

Page 77, Sandhill Crane Grus canadensis

The monotypic groups Sandhill Crane (rowani) (Grus canadensis rowani) and Sandhill Crane (Greater) (Grus canadensis tabida) are combined into a single polytypic group, Sandhill Crane (Greater) (Grus canadensis tabida/rowani).

Reference:

Tacha, T.C., P.A. Vohs and W.D. Warde. 1985. Morphometric variation of Sandhill Cranes from mid-continental North America. Journal of Wildlife Management 49: 246-250.

 

Page 94, Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus

A distinctively plumaged small Charadrius plover, recently observed in southeastern Asia, has been identified as Charadrius alexandrinus dealbatus. This taxon is removed from the polytypic group Kentish Plover (Kentish) (Charadrius alexandrinus alexandrinus/dealbatus), which now becomes monotypic, and dealbatus itself forms a new monotypic group, Kentish Plover (White-faced) (Charadrius alexandrinus dealbatus). The range statement for dealbatus is revised from “S Japan, Ryukyu Is. and e China; winters to Philippines, Borneo” to “SE China; winters to se Asia, Malay Peninsula”, and the range statement for nominate alexandrinus is revised from “W Palearctic to ne China; winters to Africa, s Asia, Indonesia” to “W Palearctic to e China, s Japan, and Ryukyu Is.; winters to Africa, s Asia, the Philippines, Indonesia, and Borneo”.

References:

Kennerley, P.R., D.N. Bakewell, and P.D. Round. 2008. Rediscovery of a long-lost Charadrius plover from South-East Asia. Forktail 24: 63–79.

Rheindt, F.E., T. Székely, S.V. Edwards, P.L.M. Lee, T. Burke, P.R. Kennerley, D.N. Bakewell, M. Alrashidi, A. Kosztolányi, M.A. Weston, W.-T. Liu, W.-P. Lei, Y. Shigeta, S. Javed, S. Zefania, and C. Küpper. 2011. Conflict between genetic and phenotypic differentiation: the evolutionary history of a lost and rediscovered’ shorebird. PLoS ONE 6(11)

 

Page 94, Snowy Plover Charadrius nivosus

The English name of the monotypic group Charadrius nivosus occidentalis is changed from Snowy Plover (Peruvian) to Snowy Plover (Humboldt).

 

Page 99, Rock Sandpiper Calidris ptilocnemis

Change the English name of the monotypic group Calidris ptilocnemis tschuktschorum from Rock Sandpiper (Bering Sea Is.) to Rock Sandpiper (Bering Strait).

Change the English name of the monotypic group Calidris ptilocnemis couesi from Rock Sandpiper (Pacific Coast) to Rock Sandpiper (Aleutian).

 

Page 75, Small Buttonquail Turnix sylvaticus

The spelling of the scientific name of a subspecies of Small Buttonquail is changed from lepuranus to lepurana, following David and Gosselin (2011).

Reference:

David, N., and M. Gosselin. 2011. Gender agreement of avian species-group names under Article 31.2.2 of the ICZN Code. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 131: 103-115.

 

Page 89, Greater Painted-snipe Rostratula benghalensis

Australian Painted-snipe Rostratula australis

South American Painted-snipe Nycticryphes semicollaris

Correct the spelling of the English name for each species from Painted-snipe to Painted-Snipe.

 

Page 101, Mew Gull Larus canus

Change the English name of the monotypic group Larus canus heinei from Mew Gull (heinei) to Mew Gull (Russian).

 

Page 105, Black Tern Chlidonias niger

Change the English name of the monotypic group Chlidonias niger surinamensis from Black Tern (North American) to Black Tern (American).

 

Page 107, Common Murre Uria aalge

Subspecies hyperborea is synonymized with nominate aalge, following Sangster et al. (2011). Revise the range of aalge from “E N America, Greenland and Iceland to Norway and Baltic Sea” to “North Atlantic from eastern North America to the Baltic Sea, Norway, and Svalbard to Novaya Zemlya (northern Russia).”

Reference:

Sangster, G., J.M. Collinson, P.-A. Crochet, A.G. Knox, D.T. Parkin, L. Svensson, and S.C. Votier. 2011. Taxonomic recommendations for British birds: seventh report. Ibis 153: 883-892.

 

Page 107, Pigeon Guillemot Cepphus columba

Change the English name of the monotypic group Cepphus columba snowi from Pigeon Guillemot (Kuril Is.) to Pigeon Guillemot (Snow’s).

Change the English name of the polytypic group Cepphus columba [columba Group] from Pigeon Guillemot (North Pacific) to Pigeon Guillemot (American).

 

Page 111, Ceylon Wood-Pigeon Columba torringtoni

Correct the spelling of the species name of the scientific name from torringtoni to torringtoniae (following Pittie and Dickinson 2006), and the English name from Ceylon to Sri Lanka.

Reference:

Pittie, A., and E.C. Dickinson. 2006. The correct name of the Sri Lankan Woodpigeon and the citation for its original description. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 126: 196-199.

 

Page 113, Eurasian Collared-Dove Streptopelia decaocto

Revise the range statement for subspecies Streptopelia decaocto decaocto from “Europe to Middle East, India, Sri Lanka, w China and Korea” to “Europe to Middle East, India, Sri Lanka, w China and Korea. This species is introduced in North America, and occurs in the West Indies, the United States (except NE), southern Canada (except E) and s Alaska, n Mexico locally to s Mexico.”

 

Page 115, Emerald Dove Chalcophaps indica

Correct the scientific name of the polytypic group Emerald Dove (Pacific) from Chalcophaps indica [longirostris Group] to Chalcophaps indica [chrysochlora Group], in accord with the rules of priority.

 

Page 118, Purple-winged Ground-Dove Claravis godefrida

The correct scientific name for Purple-winged Ground-Dove is Claravis geoffroyi, not Claravis godefrida. This conclusion is based on David et al. (2010), which is summarized in SACC Proposal 477.

Reference:

David, N., E.C Dickinson, and S.M.S. Gregory. 2010. Correct spellings of some pigeon names (Aves: Columbidae) established by Temminck from 1808 to 1811. Zoological Bibliography 1: 9-13.

 

Page 700, Mauritius Blue-Pigeon Alectroenas nitidissima

Correct the spelling of the species name from nitidissima to nitidissimus, following David and Gregory (2008).

Reference:

The gender of genera ending in -oenas. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 128: 273-274.

 

Page 127, Seychelles Blue-Pigeon Alectroenas pulcherrima

Correct the spelling of the species name from pulcherrima to pulcherrimus, following David and Gregory (2008).

Reference:

The gender of genera ending in -oenas. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 128: 273-274.

 

Page 127, Green Imperial-Pigeon Ducula aenea

The spelling of the scientific name of a subspecies of Green Imperial-Pigeon is changed from vicina to vicinus, following David and Gosselin (2011).

Reference:

David, N., and M. Gosselin. 2011. Gender agreement of avian species-group names under Article 31.2.2 of the ICZN Code. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 131: 103-115.

 

Page 129, White Imperial-Pigeon Ducula luctuosa

Revise the English name of White Imperial-Pigeon to Silver-tipped Imperial-Pigeon, in accord with regional usage.

Reference:

Coates, B.J., and K.D. Bishop. 1997. A guide to the birds of Wallacea. Sulawesi, The Moluccas, and Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Dove Publications, Alderley, Queensland.

 

Page 155, Yellowbill Ceuthmochares aereus

Correct the scientific name of the polytypic group Yellowbill (Blue) from Ceuthmochares aereus [aereus Group] to Ceuthmochares aereus aereus/flavirostris.

 

Page 161, Manus Owl Tyto manusi

Revise the English name of Manus Owl to Manus Masked-Owl, in accord with regional usage.

Reference:

Dutson, G. 2011. Birds of Melanesia: Bismarcks, Solomons, Vanuatu, and New Caledonia.  Princeton University Press.

 

Page 161, Taliabu Owl Tyto nigrobrunnea

Revise the English name of Taliabu Owl to Taliabu Masked-Owl, in accord with regional usage.

Reference:

Dutson, G. 2011. Birds of Melanesia: Bismarcks, Solomons, Vanuatu, and New Caledonia. Princeton University Press.

Page 161, Minahassa Owl Tyto inexspectata

Revise the English name of Minahassa Owl to Minahassa Masked-Owl, in accord with regional usage.

Reference:

Coates, B.J., and K.D. Bishop. 1997. A guide to the birds of Wallacea. Sulawesi, The Moluccas, and Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Dove Publications, Alderley, Queensland.

 

Page 161, Sulawesi Owl Tyto rosenbergii

Revise the English name of Sulawesi Owl (Tyto rosenbergii) to Sulawesi Masked-Owl, in accord with regional usage.

Reference:

Coates, B.J., and K.D. Bishop. 1997. A guide to the birds of Wallacea. Sulawesi, The Moluccas, and Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Dove Publications, Alderley, Queensland.

 

Page 166, Mindanao Eagle-Owl Mimizuku gurneyi

The Mindanao Eagle-Owl is embedded within the genus Otus. The English name is changed to Giant Scops-Owl, and the scientific name is changed to Otus gurneyi. The position of Giant Scops-Owl within Otus is not fully understood, but provisionally we place it following Collared Scops-Owl (Otus lettia).

Reference:

Miranda, H.C., Jr., D.M. Brooks, and R.S. Kennedy. 2011. Phylogeny and taxonomic review of Philippine lowland scops owls (Strigiformes): parallel diversification of highland and lowland clades. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 123: 4441-454.

 

Page 165, Tropical Screech-Owl Megascops choliba

The spelling of the scientific name of a subspecies of Tropical Screech-Owl is changed from crucigerus to cruciger, following David and Gosselin (2011).

Reference:

David, N., and M. Gosselin. 2011. Gender agreement of avian species-group names under Article 31.2.2 of the ICZN Code. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 131: 103-115.

 

Page 166, Vermiculated Screech-Owl Megascops guatemalae

A subspecies of Vermiculated Screech-Owl, centralis Hekstra 1982, is added to the eBird/Clements Checklist. The range of centralis encompasses most of the range formerly attributed to subspecies vermiculatus; the range for centralis is “central Panama to northern Colombia and western Ecuador”, and the range of vermiculatus is restricted to “Costa Rica (and western Panama?)”. Subspecies centralis also is recognized as a monotypic group, Vermiculated Screech-Owl (Choco). The former monotypic group Vermiculated Screech-Owl (Vermiculated) (Megascops guatemalae vermiculatus) loses its status as a group and becomes another subspecies in the polytypic group Vermiculated Screech-Owl (Guatemalan) (Megascops guatemalae [guatemalae Group]). Given the pronounced vocal differences between centralis and the guatemalae Group, we expect possible species-level splits in the future.

References:
Hekstra, G.P. 1982. Description of twenty four new subspecies of American Otus (Aves, Strigidae). Bulletin Zoologisch Museum, Universiteit van Amsterdam 9: 49-63.

Ridgely, R. S., and P. J. Greenfield. 2001. The birds of Ecuador: status, distribution, and taxonomy. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York.

 

Page 169, Himalayan Owl Strix nivicola

When we split Himalayan Owl (Strix nivicola) from Tawny Owl (Strix aluco), in Clements Checklist 6.6, we incorrectly retained subspecies ma and yamadae in Tawny Owl. We reassign these two subspecies to the correct species, Himalayan Owl.

Reference:

König, C., and F. Weick. 2008. Owls of the world. Second edition. Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut.

Rasmussen, P.C., and J.C. Anderton. 2005. Birds of South Asia: The Ripley Guide. Lynx Edicions & Smithsonian Institution.

 

Page 175, Solomon Hawk-Owl Ninox jacquinoti

Change the English name of Ninox jacquinoti from Solomon Hawk-Owl to Solomons Hawk-Owl, in conform with other similar names for Solomons endemic species.

 

Page 176, Barred Owlet-Nightjar Aegotheles bennettii

The spelling of the scientific name of a subspecies of Barred Owlet-Nightjar is changed from plumiferus to plumifer, following David and Gosselin (2011).

Reference:

David, N., and M. Gosselin. 2011. Gender agreement of avian species-group names under Article 31.2.2 of the ICZN Code. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 131: 103-115.

 

Page 177, Solomon Islands Frogmouth Rigidipenna inexpectata

Revise the English name of Solomon Islands Frogmouth (Rigidipenna inexpectata) to Solomons Frogmouth, in accord with regional usage.

Reference:

Dutson, G. 2011. Birds of Melanesia. The Bismarks, Solomons, Vanuatu and New Caledonia. Christopher Helm, London.

 

Pages 178-184, Caprimulgidae (Nightjars and Allies)

The sequence of genera within Caprimulgidae (Nightjars and Allies) is revised, to bring the sequence closer in line with the results of recent genetic evidence on the phylogenetic relationships of these birds. The sequence of genera we adopt is:

Eurostopodus

Lyncornis     newly recognized genus

Gactornis     newly recognized genus

Lurocalis

Chordeiles

Nyctiprogne

Nyctidromus

Phalaenoptilus

Siphonorhis

Nyctiphrynus

Antrostomus     newly recognized genus

Macrodipteryx

Caprimulgus

Hydropsalis

Uropsalis

Macropsalis

Eleothreptus

Reference:

Han, K.-L., M.B. Robbins, and M.J. Braun. 2010. A multi-gene estimate of phylogeny in the nightjars and nighthawks (Caprimulgidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 55:443-453.

 

Page 179, Diabolical Nightjar Eurostopodus diabolicus

Revise the range description from “Rediscovered in 1998 after 60-year absence in central Sulawesi” to “mountains of northern and central Sulawesi.”

 

Page 179, Malaysian Nightjar Eurostopodus temminckii and Great Eared-Nightjar Eurostopodus macrotis

These two species of Eurostopodus are not closely related to other Eurostopodus, and are removed to the genus Lyncornis.

Reference:

Han, K.-L., M.B. Robbins, and M.J. Braun. 2010. A multi-gene estimate of phylogeny in the nightjars and nighthawks (Caprimulgidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 55:443-453.

 

Page 183, Collared Nightjar Caprimulgus enarratus

Collared Nightjar is not a member of Caprimulgus, but instead is a basal species of nightjar. It is classified in the newly described genus Gactornis.

Reference:

Han, K.-L., M.B. Robbins, and M.J. Braun. 2010. A multi-gene estimate of phylogeny in the nightjars and nighthawks (Caprimulgidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 55:443-453.

 

Page 179, Nacunda Nighthawk Chordeiles nacunda

The name Chordeiles nacunda minor (Cory 1915) is preoccupied by Chordeiles minor (Forster 1771); consequently, the name of this subspecies is changed to Chordeiles nacunda coryi.

Reference:

Agne, C.E., and J.F. Pacheco. 2011. Um novo nome para Chordeiles nacunda minor (Cory, 1915). Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 19: 80.

 

Page 180, Chuck-will’s-widow Caprimulgus carolinensis

Rufous Nightjar Caprimulgus rufus

Greater Antillean Nightjar Caprimulgus cubanensis

Tawny-collared Nightjar Caprimulgus salvini

Yucatan Nightjar Caprimulgus badius

Silky-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus sericocaudatus

Buff-collared Nightjar Caprimulgus ridgwayi

Eastern Whip-poor-will Caprimulgus vociferus

Mexican Whip-poor-will Caprimulgus arizonae

Puerto Rican Nightjar Caprimulgus noctitherus

Dusky Nightjar Caprimulgus saturatus

The traditional genus Caprimulgus contains several unrelated lineages. Following NACC (Proposal 2011-B-3) and SACC (Proposal 466), based on Han et al. (2010), the species listed above are removed from Caprimulgus to the genus Antrostomus.

Reference:

Han, K.-L., M.B. Robbins, and M.J. Braun. 2010. A multi-gene estimate of phylogeny in the nightjars and nighthawks (Caprimulgidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 55:443-453.

 

Pages 181-183, genus Caprimulgus

The remaining Old World and New World species of Caprimulgus represent two separate lineages. The New World species

Band-winged Nightjar Caprimulgus longirostris

White-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus cayennensis

White-winged Nightjar Caprimulgus candicans

Spot-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus maculicaudus

Todd’s Nightjar Caprimulgus heterurus

Little Nightjar Caprimulgus parvulus

Scrub Nightjar Caprimulgus anthonyi

Cayenne Nightjar Caprimulgus maculosus

Blackish Nightjar Caprimulgus nigrescens

Roraiman Nightjar Caprimulgus whitelyi

are repositioned at the end of the sequence of Caprimulgus, since the New World species are more closely related to other New World genera (such as Hydropsalis) than they are to Old World Caprimulgus. Future revisions to the nomenclature and to the sequence of genera and species of these nightjars are almost guaranteed.

Reference:

Han, K.-L., M.B. Robbins, and M.J. Braun. 2010. A multi-gene estimate of phylogeny in the nightjars and nighthawks (Caprimulgidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 55:443-453.

 

Page [191], Salim Ali’s Swift Apus salimali

Correct the spelling of the scientific name of Salim Ali’s Swift to Apus salimalii.

Reference:

Lack, D. 1958. A new race of the White-rumped Swift. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 55: 160-161.

 

Page 206, Purple-throated Sunangel Heliangelus viola

Weller (2011) reviewed variation in Purple-throated Sunangel, and described a new species, Brilliant Sunangel (Heliangelus splendidus). He further proposed that there was an additional new subspecies, pyropus, in the new species. Brilliant Sunangel is very similar to Purple-throated Sunangel, and, although Weller reported some apparent overlap between the two, we are not certain that this proposed new species will be accepted by SACC. Provisionally we enter these two taxa as subspecies of Purple-throated Sunangel, and also as a new polytpic group, Purple-throated Sunangel (Brilliant) (Heliangelus viola splendidus/pyropus).

Heliangelus viola pyropus                 Andes of s Ecuador and nw Peru (Piura)

Heliangelus viola splendidus             Andes of n Peru (west of Río Marañón in Cajamarca; also very locally east of Marañón in Amazonas?)

Finally, the range of Heliangelus viola viola is revised from “Andes of s Ecuador and n Peru” to “Andes of n Peru (east of Río Marañón in Amazonas; also very locally west of Marañón in Cajamarca?).”

Reference:
Weller, A.-A. 2011. Geographic and age-related variation in the Violet-throated Sunangel (Heliangelus viola, Trochilidae): evidence for a new species and subspecies. Ornitología Neotropical 22: 601-614.

 

Page 192, Great-billed Hermit Phaethornis malaris

In accord with nomenclatural priority, change the scientific name for the polytypic group Great-billed Hermit (Amazonian) from Phaethornis malaris [bolivianus Group] to Phaethornis malaris [moorei Group].

 

Page 207, Emerald-bellied Puffleg Eriocnemis alinae

The correct spelling of the scientific name for Emerald-bellied Puffleg is Eriocnemis aline, not Eriocnemis alinae. This conclusion is based on David and Peterson (2010), which is summarized in SACC Proposal 519.

Reference:

David, N., and A.P. Peterson. 2010.  Resolution of priority affecting three hummingbird names established by Bourcier (Aves: Trochilidae). Zoological Bibliography 2010 1: 3-5.

 

Page 211, Allen’s Hummingbird Selasphorus sasin

The two subspecies of Allen’s Hummingbird each had been recognized as a monotypic group:

Allen’s Hummingbird (sasin)             Selasphorus sasin sasin

Allen’s Hummingbird (sedentariusSelasphorus sasin sedentarius

Identifiable subspecies groups in eBird/Clements should be field identifiable. Since the two Allen’s Hummingbird subspecies are identifiable only by measurements, we no longer treat them as groups; they retain recognition as subspecies.

Also, revise the range of Selasphorus sasin sedentarius from “Channel Islands (off s California)” to “Channel Islands (off s California) and adjacent mainland”.

 

Page 211, Calliope Hummingbird Stellula calliope

The genus Stellula is merged into the genus Selasphorus, and so the scientific name of Calliope Hummingbird becomes Selasphorus calliope.

References:

Chesser, R.T., R.C. Banks, F.K. Barker, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2012. Fifty-third supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American birds. Auk 129: 573-588.

McGuire, J.A., C.C. Witt, D.L. Altshuler, and J.V. Remsen, Jr. 2007. Phylogenetic systematics and biogeography of hummingbirds: Bayesian and maximum likelihood analyses of partitioned data and selection of an appropriate partitioning strategy. Systematic Biology 56: 837–856.

McGuire, J.A., C C. Witt, J V. Remsen, Jr., R. Dudley, and D L. Altshuler. 2009. A higher-level taxonomy for hummingbirds. Journal of Ornithology 150: 155–165.

 

Page 197, Glittering-bellied Emerald Chlorostilbon aureoventris

The correct scientific name for Glittering-bellied Emerald is Chlorostilbon lucidus, not Chlorostilbon aureoventris. This conclusion is based on Pacheco and Whitney (2006), which is summarized in SACC Proposal 490.

Reference:

Pacheco, J.F., and B.M. Whitney 2006. Mandatory changes to the scientific names of three Neotropical birds. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 126: 242-244.

 

Page 200, Amazilia Hummingbird Amazilia amazilia

Add the newly described subspecies Amazilia amazilia azuay Krabbe and Ridgely 2010, with range “sw Ecuador (Río Jubones drainage in Azuay and n Loja)”. This subspecies is inserted immediately before Amazilia amazilia dumerilii.

Reference:

Krabbe, N., and R.S. Ridgely. 2010. A new subspecies of Amazilia Hummingbird Amazilia amazilia from southern Ecuador. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 130: 3-7.

 

Page 224, Rufous Motmot Baryphthengus martii

Two very distinctive subspecies of Rufous Motmot, inadvertently omitted from earlier editions of the Checklist, are added:

Baryphthengus martii semirufus   Caribbean slope of Honduras to nw Colombia, w Ecuador

Baryphthengus martii martii         s Colombia south to Bolivia, e to central Brazil

 

Page 217, Black-backed Kingfisher Ceyx erithaca

Revise the English name of Black-backed Kingfisher to Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher, in accord with regional usage.

Reference:

Rasmussen, P.C., and J.C. Anderton. 2005. Birds of South Asia: the Ripley guide. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona & Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.

 

Page 217, Rufous-backed Kingfisher Ceyx rufidorsa

Revise the English name of Rufous-backed Kingfisher to Rufous-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher, in accord with regional usage of the name “dwarf-kingfisher” for this and related species. Also, revise the placement of this species, and move it to a position immediately after Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher; these two species appear to be closely related, and hybridize to some extent (Lim et al. 2010).

References:

Coates, B.J., and K.D. Bishop. 1997. A guide to the birds of Wallacea. Sulawesi, The Moluccas, and Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Dove Publications, Alderley, Queensland.

Lim, H.C., F.H. Sheldon, and R.G. Moyle. 2010. Extensive color polymorphism in the southeast Asian oriental dwarf kingfisher Ceyx erithaca: a result of gene flow during population divergence? Journal of Avian Biology 41: 305-318.

 

Page 217, Philippine Kingfisher Ceyx melanurus

Revise the English name of Philippine Kingfisher to Philippine Dwarf-Kingfisher, in accord with regional usage.

References:

Dickinson, E.C., R.S. Kennedy, and K.C. Parkes. 1991. The birds of the Philippines. An annotated check-list. British Ornithologists’ Union Check-list number 12. British Ornithologists’ Union, London.

Kennedy, R.S., P C. Gonzalez, E.C. Dickinson, H.C. Miranda, Jr., and T.H. Fisher. 2000. A guide to the birds of the Philippines. Oxford University Press, Oxford and New York.

 

Page 217, Sulawesi Kingfisher Ceyx fallax

Revise the English name of Sulawesi Kingfisher to Sulawesi Dwarf-Kingfisher, in accord with regional usage.

Reference:

Coates, B.J., and K.D. Bishop. 1997. A guide to the birds of Wallacea. Sulawesi, The Moluccas, and Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Dove Publications, Alderley, Queensland.

 

Page 217, Variable Kingfisher Ceyx lepidus

Revise the English name of Variable Kingfisher to Variable Dwarf-Kingfisher, in accord with regional usage.

Reference:

Coates, B.J., and K.D. Bishop. 1997. A guide to the birds of Wallacea. Sulawesi, The Moluccas, and Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Dove Publications, Alderley, Queensland.

 

Page 218, Lilac Kingfisher Cittura cyanotis

Revise the English name of Lilac Kingfisher to Lilac-cheeked Kingfisher, in accord with regional usage.

Reference:

Coates, B.J., and K.D. Bishop. 1997. A guide to the birds of Wallacea. Sulawesi, The Moluccas, and Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Dove Publications, Alderley, Queensland.

 

Page 218, Black-billed Kingfisher Pelargopsis melanorhyncha

Revise the English name of Black-billed Kingfisher to Great-billed Kingfisher, in accord with regional usage.

References:

Coates, B.J., and K.D. Bishop. 1997. A guide to the birds of Wallacea. Sulawesi, The Moluccas, and Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Dove Publications, Alderley, Queensland.

White, C.M.N., and M.D. Bruce. 1986. The Birds of Wallacea. (Sulawesi, The Moluccas & Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia). British Ornithologists’ Union Check-list number 7. British Ornithologists’ Union, London.

 

Page 220, Micronesian Kingfisher Todiramphus cinnamominus

Revise the status of the nominate subspecies, Todiramphus cinnamominus cinnamominus, in the “Range” column from “Formerly Guam (Mariana Is.). Extinct” to “Formerly Guam (Mariana Is.). Extinct in the wild (1986)”. The extinction date in the “Extinction Date” column is also revised to 1986.

Reference:

Woodall, P.F. 2001. Family Alcedinidae (Kingfishers). Pages 130-249 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and J. Sargatal (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 6. Mousebirds to hornbills. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

Page 222, Scaly Kingfisher Actenoides princeps

Revise the English name of Scaly Kingfisher to Scaly-breasted Kingfisher, in accord with regional usage.

Reference:

Coates, B.J., and K.D. Bishop. 1997. A guide to the birds of Wallacea. Sulawesi, The Moluccas, and Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Dove Publications, Alderley, Queensland.

 

Page 227, Purple Roller Eurystomus azureus

Revise the English name of Purple Roller to Azure Roller.

References:

Fry, C.H. 2001. Family Coraciidae (Rollers). Pages 342-376 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and J. Sargatal (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 6. Mousebirds to hornbills. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Fry, C.H., and K. Fry. 1992. Kingfishers, bee-eaters, & rollers. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersery.

White, C.M.N., and M.D. Bruce. 1986. The Birds of Wallacea. (Sulawesi, The Moluccas & Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia). British Ornithologists’ Union Check-list number 7. British Ornithologists’ Union, London.

 

Page 230, Tarictic Hornbill Penelopides panini

All species of Penelopoides formerly were included within a single species, Tarictic Hornbill (Penelopides panini). When Tarictic Hornbill was split into six species, most species took new English names but “Tarictic Hornbill” was retained for Penelopides panini. To stem the inevitable confusion that this has caused, change the English name of Penelopides panini from Tarictic Hornbill to Visayan Hornbill.

 

Page 236, Western Tinkerbird Pogoniulus coryphaeus

The spelling of the scientific name of Western Tinkerbird is changed from Pogoniulus coryphaeus to Pogoniulus coryphaea, following David and Gosselin (2011).

Reference:

David, N., and M. Gosselin. 2011. Gender agreement of avian species-group names under Article 31.2.2 of the ICZN Code. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 131: 103-115.

 

Page 243, Channel-billed Toucan Ramphastos vitellinus

Delete subspecies Ramphastos vitellinus theresae, which is based on a hybrid between Ramphastos vitellinus ariel and Ramphastos vitellinus pintoi.

Reference:

Haffer, J. 1974. Avian speciation in tropical South America, with a systematic survey of the toucans (Ramphastidae) and jacamars (Galbulidae). Publications of the Nuttall Ornithological Club number 14. Nuttall Ornithological Club, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

 

Page 243, Willcock’s Honeyguide Indicator willcocksi

Correct the English name from Willcock’s Honeyguide to Willcocks’s Honeyguide.

 

Page 255, Northern Flicker Colaptes auratus

Correct the scientific name of the polytypic group Northern Flicker (Yellow-shafted) from Colaptes auratus [auratus Group] to Colaptes auratus auratus/luteus.

 

Page 259, Green Woodpecker Picus viridis

With the recognition of Green Woodpecker (Mesopotamian) (Picus viridis innominatus) as a monotypic group, the scientific name for the polytypic group Green Woodpecker (Eurasian) changes from Picus viridis [viridis Group] to Picus viridis viridis/karelini.

 

Page 87, Cariamiformes / Cariamidae (Seriemas)

The order Cariamiformes is moved to a new position, immediately following Picidae (Woodpeckers). This rearrangement is based on recent phylogenetic analysis of DNA sequence data, especially Ericson et al. (2006), which is summarized in SACC Proposal 491.

Reference:

Ericson, P.G.P., C.L. Anderson, T. Britton, A.Elzanowski, U.S. Johansson, M. Källersjö, J.I. Ohlson, T.J. Parsons, D. Zuccon, and G. Mayr. 2006. Diversification of Neoaves: integration of molecular sequence data and fossils. Biology Letters 2: 543-547.

 

Pages 49-53, Falconiformes / Falconidae (Falcons and Caracaras)

The order Falconiformes is moved to a new position, immediately following Cariamiformes and preceding Psittaciformes; all three of these orders occupy new positions, adjacent to each other and immediately preceding Passeriformes. This rearrangement is based on recent phylogenetic analysis of DNA sequence data, especially Ericson et al. (2006) and Hackett et al. (2008), which is summarized in SACC Proposal 491.

References:

Ericson, P.G.P., C.L. Anderson, T. Britton, A.Elzanowski, U.S. Johansson, M. Källersjö, J.I. Ohlson, T.J. Parsons, D. Zuccon, and G. Mayr. 2006. Diversification of Neoaves: integration of molecular sequence data and fossils. Biology Letters 2: 543-547.

Hackett, S.J., R.T. Kimball, S. Reddy, R.C.K. Bowie, E.L. Braun, M.J. Braun, J.L. Chojnowski, W.A. Cox, K.-L. Han, J. Harshman, C.J. Huddleston, B.D. Marks, K.J. Miglia, W.S. Moore, F.H. Sheldon, D.W. Steadman, C.C. Witt, and T. Yuri. 2008. A phylogenomic study of birds reveals their evolutionary history. Science 320: 1763-1768.

 

Page 51, American Kestrel Falco sparverius

Revise the range of subspecies Falco sparverius dominicensis from from “Hispaniola” to “Hispaniola and Jamaica,” following Bond (1980).

Almost all South American subspecies of American Kestrel now are included in a single polytypic group. Consequently, the group American Kestrel (Colombian) (Falco sparverius ochraceus/caucae) is expanded to also include subspecies isabellinus, aequatorialis, peruvianus, fernandensis, cinnamonimus, and cearae; the English name for this group changes to American Kestrel (South American); and the scientific name is revised to Falco sparverius [cinnamonimus Group]. The sole exception, fernandensis, forms a new monotypic group, American Kestrel (Juan Fernandez) (Falco sparverius fernandensis).

Reference:

Bond, J. 1980. Twenty-third supplement to the Check-list of birds of the West Indes (1956). Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

 

Page 53, Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus

In accord with nomenclatural priority, change the scientific name for the polytypic group Peregrine Falcon (Tundra) from Falco peregrinus tundrius/calidus to Falco peregrinus calidus/tundrius.

 

Pages 129-151, Psittaciformes / Strigopidae (New Zealand Parrots), Cacatuidae (Cockatoos), and Psittacidae (Parrots)

The order Psittaciformes is moved to a new position, immediately following Falconiformes and preceding Passeriformes; these two orders, as well as Cariamiformes, occupy new positions, adjacent to each other and immediately preceding Passeriformes. This rearrangement is based on recent phylogenetic analysis of DNA sequence data, especially Ericson et al. (2006) and Hackett et al. (2008), which is summarized in SACC Proposal 491.

References:

Ericson, P.G.P., C.L. Anderson, T. Britton, A.Elzanowski, U.S. Johansson, M. Källersjö, J.I. Ohlson, T.J. Parsons, D. Zuccon, and G. Mayr. 2006. Diversification of Neoaves: integration of molecular sequence data and fossils. Biology Letters 2: 543-547.

Hackett, S.J., R.T. Kimball, S. Reddy, R.C.K. Bowie, E.L. Braun, M.J. Braun, J.L. Chojnowski, W.A. Cox, K.-L. Han, J. Harshman, C.J. Huddleston, B.D. Marks, K.J. Miglia, W.S. Moore, F.H. Sheldon, D.W. Steadman, C.C. Witt, and T. Yuri. 2008. A phylogenomic study of birds reveals their evolutionary history. Science 320: 1763-1768.

 

Page 130, Red-tailed Black-Cockatoo Calyptorhynchus banksii

Revise the range of subspecies Calyptorhynchus banksii macrorhynchus from “N-central and ne Australia” to “northwestern Australia (northern Western Australia and Northern Territory).”

 

Page 133, Meek’s Lorikeet Charmosyna meeki

Revise the range description from “Montane forests of Solomon Islands (including Bougainville)” to “Solomon Islands (Kulambangra, Bougainville, Guadalcanal, and Malaita).”

 

Page 136, Port Lincoln Parrot Barnardius zonarius

Revise the range description of subspecies Barnardius zonarius occidentalis from “SW Western Australia” to “west central Western Australia.”

 

Page 138, Yellowish-breasted Racquet-tail Prioniturus flavicans

Revise the English name of Yellowish-breasted Racquet-tail to Yellow-breasted Racquet-tail, in accord with regional usage.

Reference:

Coates, B.J., and K.D. Bishop. 1997. A guide to the birds of Wallacea. Sulawesi, The Moluccas, and Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Dove Publications, Alderley, Queensland.

 

Page 700, Seychelles Parrot Psittacula wardi

Change the English name of the extinct Seychelles Parrot (Psittacula wardi) to Seychelles Parakeet, consistent with the use of the English name “parakeet” for other species of Psittacula.

 

Page 141, Vasa Parrot Coracopsis vasa

Kundu et al. (2012) demonstrated that the extinct Mascarene Parrot (Mascarinus mascarinus) is embedded within the genus Coracopsis; since Mascarinus is the older name, the scientific name for this species changes to Mascarinus vasa. Change the English name to Greater Vasa-Parrot.

Reference:

Kundu, S., C.G. Jones, R.P. Prys-Jones, and J.J. Groombridge. 2012. The evolution of the Indian Ocean parrots (Psittaciformes): extinction, adaptive radiation and eustacy. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 62: 296–305.

Page 700, Mascarene Parrot Mascarinus mascarinus

Kundu et al. (2012) demonstrated that the extinct Mascarene Parrot (Mascarinus mascarinus) is embedded within the genus Coracopsis; since Mascarinus is the older name, the scientific name for the combined genus is Mascarinus. Resequence Mascarene Parrot to a new position immediately following Vasa Parrot (Coracopsis vasa; now Greater Vasa-Parrot Mascarinus vasa).

Reference:

Kundu, S., C.G. Jones, R.P. Prys-Jones, and J.J. Groombridge. 2012. The evolution of the Indian Ocean parrots (Psittaciformes): extinction, adaptive radiation and eustacy. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 62: 296–305.

 

Page 141, Black Parrot Coracopsis nigra

Kundu et al. (2012) demonstrated that the extinct Mascarene Parrot (Mascarinus mascarinus) is embedded within the genus Coracopsis; since Mascarinus is the older name, the scientific name for this species changes to Mascarinus niger. Change the English name to Lesser Vasa-Parrot.

Reference:

Kundu, S., C.G. Jones, R.P. Prys-Jones, and J.J. Groombridge. 2012. The evolution of the Indian Ocean parrots (Psittaciformes): extinction, adaptive radiation and eustacy. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 62: 296–305.

 

Page 141, Brown-necked Parrot Poicephalus robustus

Revise the range description for the monotypic group from Brown-necked Parrot (Cape) (Poicephalus robustus robustus) from “Extreme se Africa” to “South Africa (eastern Cape Province to Natal and Transvaal).”

 

Page 145, Blue-throated Parakeet Pyrrhura cruentata

In accord with SACC (Proposal 496), the English name is changed from Blue-throated Parakeet to Ochre-marked Parakeet.

 

Page 150, Blue-fronted Parrot  Amazona aestiva

In accord with SACC (Proposal 498), change the English name from Blue-fronted Parrot to Turquoise-fronted Parrot.

 

Page 150, Scaly-naped Parrot Amazona mercenaria

The spelling of the scientific name of Scaly-naped Parrot is changed from Amazona mercenaria to Amazona mercenarius, following David and Gosselin (2011).

Reference:

David, N., and M. Gosselin. 2011. Gender agreement of avian species-group names under Article 31.2.2 of the ICZN Code. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 131: 103-115.

 

Page 150, Vinaceous Parrot Amazona vinacea

In accord with SACC (Proposal 497), change the English name from Vinaceous Parrot to Vinaceous-breasted Parrot.

 

Page 150, Yellow-headed Parrot Amazona oratrix

Subspecies caribaea and parvipes mistakenly were assigned to Yellow-headed Parrot (Amazona oratrix), but instead are subspecies of Yellow-naped Parrot (Amazona auropalliata).

 

Page 265, Sapayoidae (Sapayoa) Sapayoa aenigma

An inadvertent typo in the Clements Checklist 6.6 spreadsheet listed the English name for this species as “Sapayoidae (Sapayoa)”, rather than the correct name, “Sapayoa.”

 

Pages 268-311, Furnariidae Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers

Thamnophilidae Typical Antbirds

Formicariidae Antthrushes

Grallariidae Antpittas

Conopophagidae Gnateaters

Rhinocryptidae Tapaculos

Melanopareiidae Crescentchests

The sequence of the furnarioid familes is revised, to the following:

Thamnophilidae Typical Antbirds

Melanopareiidae Crescentchests

Conopophagidae Gnateaters

Grallariidae Antpittas

Rhinocryptidae Tapaculos

Formicariidae Antthrushes

Furnariidae Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers

This revision follows NACC proposal 2010-B-7 and SACC Proposal 481, and is based on several recent studies, especially Moyle et al. (2009).

Reference:

Moyle, R.G., R.T. Chesser, R.T. Brumfield, J.G. Tello, D.J. Marchese, and J. Cracraft. 2009. Phylogeny and phylogenetic classification of the antbirds, ovenbirds, woodcreepers, and allies (Aves: Passeriformes: Furnariides). Cladistics 25: 386-405.

 

Page 290, Undulated Antshrike Frederickena unduligera

The spelling of the scientific name of Undulated Antshrike is changed from Frederickena unduligera to Frederickena unduliger, following David and Gosselin (2011).

Reference:

David, N., and M. Gosselin. 2011. Gender agreement of avian species-group names under Article 31.2.2 of the ICZN Code. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 131: 103-115.

 

Page 295, Plain-throated Antwren Myrmotherula hauxwelli

Rufous-bellied Antwren Myrmotherula guttata

These two species are not members of the genus Myrmotherula, as summarized in SACC Proposal 518; they are classified in the newly described genus Isleria, and moved to a new position between Spiny-faced Antshrike (Xenornis setifrons) and Spot-winged Antshrike (Pygiptila stellaris).

Reference:

Bravo, G.A., R.T. Chesser, and R.T. Brumfield. 2012. Isleria, a new genus of antwren (Aves: Passeriformes: Thamnophilidae). Zootaxa 3195: 61-67.

 

Page (addition 2007), Sincora Antwren Formicivora grantsaui

Add a range statement for this recently described species: “Serra do Sincorá, in the Chapada Diamantina, Bahia, Brazil.”

 

Page 300, Yellow-breasted Warbling-Antbird Hypocnemis subflava

Correct a typographic error, and delete the entry “Trop. e Peru s of R. Amazon to n Bolivia and sw Amaz. Brazil” (the range of Hypocnemis peruviana peruviana!) from the line for the species Yellow-breasted Warbling-Antbird (Hypocnemis subflava).

 

Page 301, Dull-mantled Antbird Myrmeciza laemosticta

Correct a typographic error in the range statement, from “Caribbean slope of e Costa Rica and both slope of Panama” to “Caribbean slope of e Costa Rica and both slopes of Panama.”

 

Page 302, Immaculate Antbird Myrmeciza immaculata

Add the newly described subspecies Myrmeciza immaculata concepcion Donegan 2012, with range “both slopes of the Central Andes of Colombia”. This subspecies is inserted immediately after Myrmeciza immaculata immaculata, and also represents a new monotypic group, Immaculate Antbird (Concepcion).

Reference:

Donegan, T.M. 2012. Geographical variation in Immaculate Antbird Myrmeciza immaculata, with a new subspecies from the Central Andes of Colombia. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 132: 3-40.

 

Page 304, Spotted Antpitta Hylopezus macularius

The name for the subspecies that occurs in northwestern Amazonia changes from diversus to dilutus, following Carneiro et al. (2012), and the range of this subspecies is revised from “Extreme se Colombia to s Venezuela and ne Peru” to “extreme se Colombia to s Venezuela, s to  ne Peru and north central Brazil (w bank of the Rio Negro)”. Finally, with the description of Alta Floresa Antpitta (Hylopezus whittakeri), restrict the range of subspecies Hylopezus macularius paraensis from “Amazonian Brazil (south to Rondônia and east to e Pará)” to “Amazonian Brazil (south of the Amazon and east of the Xingu, east to w Maranhão).”

Reference:

Carneiro, L.S., L.P. Gonzaga, P.S. Rêgo, I. Sampaio, H. Schneider, and A. Aleixo. 2012. Systematic revision of the Spotted Antpitta (Grallariidae: Hylopezus macularius), with description of a cryptic new species from Brazilian Amazonia. Auk 129: 338-351.

 

Page 305, Tepui Antpitta Myrmothera simplex

Revise the range of subspecies Myrmothera simplex duidae from “Tepuis of s Venezuela (erros of Yaví, Duida and Neblina)” to “tepuis of s Venezuela (Cerros of Yaví, Duida and Neblina).”

 

Page 310, Pale-throated Tapaculo Scytalopus panamensis

Change the English name of from Pale-throated Tapaculo to Tacarcuna Tapaculo; this brings the North (NACC) and South American (SACC) check-list committees of the American Ornithologists’ Union into agreement.

 

Page 310, Paramo Tapaculo Scytalopus opacus

Add a newly described subspecies, Scytalopus opacus androstictus Krabbe and Cadena 2010, with range “Andes of se Ecuador and extreme n Peru”. Revise the range of Scytalopus opacus opacus from “Cent. Andes of Colombia to Ecuador and extreme n Peru” to “central Andes of Colombia to east central Ecuador.”

Reference:

Krabbe, N., and D.C. Cadena. 2010. A taxonomic revision of the Paramo Tapaculo Scytalopus canus Chapman (Aves: Rhinocryptidae), with description of a new subspecies from Ecuador and Peru. Zootaxa number 2354: 56–66.

 

Pages 268-289, Furnariidae (Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers)

The sequence of genera within Furnariidae (Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers) is revised, to bring the sequence closer in line with the results of recent genetic evidence on the phylogenetic relationships of these birds (Derryberry et al. 2011). The sequence of genera we adopt is the one proposed by SACC (Proposal 504):

Sclerurus

Geositta

Certhiasomus

Sittasomus

Deconychura

Dendrocincla

Glyphorynchus

Dendrexetastes

Nasica

Dendrocolaptes

Hylexetastes

Xiphocolaptes

Xiphorhynchus

Dendroplex

Campylorhamphus

Drymotoxeres

Drymornis

Lepidocolaptes

Xenops

Berlepschia

Microxenops     newly recognized genus

Pygarrhichas

Ochetorhynchus

Pseudocolaptes

Premnornis

Tarphonomus

Furnarius

Lochmias

Phleocryptes

Limnornis

Geocerthia

Upucerthia

Cinclodes

Anabazenops

Megaxenops

Cichlocolaptes

Heliobletus

Philydor

Anabacerthia

Syndactyla

Simoxenops

Ancistrops

Clibanornis

Hylocryptus

Hyloctistes

Automolus

Thripadectes

Premnoplex

Margarornis

Aphrastura

Sylviorthorhynchus

Leptasthenura

Phacellodomus

Hellmayrea

Anumbius

Coryphistera

Asthenes

Acrobatornis

Metopothrix

Xenerpestes

Siptornis

Roraimia

Thripophaga

Limnoctites

Cranioleuca

Pseudasthenes

Spartonoica

Pseudoseisura

Schoeniophylax

Certhiaxis

Synallaxis

Siptornopsis

Gyalophylax

Reference:

Derryberry, E.P., S. Claramunt, G. Derryberry, R.T. Chesser, J. Cracraft, A. Aleixo, J.Pérez-Emán, J.V. Remsen, Jr., and R.T. Brumfield. 2011. Lineage diversification and morphological evolution in a large-scale continental radiation: the Neotropical ovenbirds and woodcreepers (Aves: Furnariidae). Evolution 65: 2973–2986.

 

Page 287, Buff-throated Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus guttatus

Correct the scientific name of the polytypic group Buff-throated Woodcreeper (Lafresnaye’s) from Xiphorhynchus guttatus [guttatoides Group] to Xiphorhynchus guttatus guttatus/dorbignyanus.

Revise the range of subspecies Xiphorhynchus guttatus gracilirostris from “ne Brazil (Serra do Baturité, Ceará)” to “ne Brazil (Serra de Baturité, Ceará).”

 

Page 288, Spotted Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus erythropygius

Correct the scientific name of the polytypic group Spotted Woodcreeper (Spotted) from Xiphorhynchus erythropygius [erythropygius Group] to Xiphorhynchus erythropygius erythropygius/parvus.

 

Page 283, Rufous-tailed Xenops Xenops milleri

Rufous-tailed Xenops is not closely related to the other species of xenops (Xenops), as is summarized in SACC Proposal 486, and is separated in the genus Microxenops, which is positioned between Point-tailed Palmcreeper (Berlepschia rikeri) and White-throated Treerunner (Pygarrhichas albogularis).

References:

Derryberry, E.P., S. Claramunt, G. Derryberry, R.T. Chesser, J. Cracraft, A. Aleixo, J.Pérez-Emán, J.V. Remsen, Jr., and R.T. Brumfield. 2011. Lineage diversification and morphological evolution in a large-scale continental radiation: the Neotropical ovenbirds and woodcreepers (Aves: Furnariidae). Evolution 65: 2973–2986.

Moyle, R.G., R.T. Chesser, R.T. Brumfield, J.G. Tello, D.J. Marchese, and J. Cracraft. 2009. Phylogeny and phylogenetic classification of the antbirds, ovenbirds, woodcreepers, and allies (Aves: Passeriformes: Furnariides). Cladistics 25: 386-405.

 

Page 278, Rusty-winged Barbtail Premnornis guttuliger

The spelling of the species name of Rusty-winged Barbtail is changed from guttuligera to guttuliger, following David and Gosselin (2011).

Reference:

David, N., and M. Gosselin. 2011. Gender agreement of avian species-group names under Article 31.2.2 of the ICZN Code. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 131: 103-115.

 

Page 269, Cream-winged Cinclodes Cinclodes albiventris

Correct the range of subspecies Cinclodes albiventris rufus from “Andes of nw Argentina Campo de Arenal in Catamarca)” to “Andes of nw Argentina (Campo de Arenal in Catamarca).”

 

Page 276, Canyon Canastero Asthenes pudibunda

Add subspecies Asthenes pudibunda grisior Koepcke 1961, with range “Andes of southwestern Peru (Huancavelica south to Tacna) and northernmost Chile (Tarapacá)”; insert this subspecies immediately following Asthenes pudibunda pudibunda. Revise the range of subspecies Asthenes pudibunda neglecta from “Andes of w Peru (Ancash)” to “Andes of northwestern Peru (La Libertad and Ancash)”, and of subspecies Asthenes pudibunda pudibunda from “Polylepis zone of Peru (La Libertad to Tacna)” to “Andes of western Peru in Lima.”

References:

Koepcke, M. 1961. Birds of the western slopes of the Andes of Peru. American Museum Novitates number 2028.

Remsen, J. V., Jr. 2003. Family Furnariidae (ovenbirds). Pages 162-357 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D. A. Christie (editors). Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 8. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

Page 327, Snethlage’s Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus minor

Revise the range of subspecies Hemitriccus minor minor from “E Amazonian Brazil in central central Pará” to “eastern Amazonian Brazil in central Pará.”

 

Page 328, Buff-cheeked Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus senex

Revise the range from “W Brazil (known from an 1830 specimen from Amazonas)” to “central Amazonian Brazil (Madeira drainage in Amazonas and Rondônia).”

 

Page 338, D’Orbigny’s Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca oenanthoides

Correct the spelling of the English name from D’Orbigny’s Chat-Tyrant to d’Orbigny’s Chat-Tyrant.

 

Page 316, Long-tailed Manakin Chiroxiphia linearis

Long-tailed Manakin is considered to be monotypic, following Kirwan (2011). Delete subspecies linearis and fastuosa; revise the range of Long-tailed Manakin to “Pacific lowlands from s Mexico (Oaxaca) to nw Costa Rica.”

Reference:

Kirwan, G.M. 2011. External characters suggest that Long-tailed Manakin Chiroxiphia linearis is monotypic. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 131: 76-80.

 

Page 585, Green Catbird Ailuroedus crassirostris

Subspecies joanae and maculosus are transferred from Green Catbird (Ailuroedus crassirostris) to Spotted Catbird (Ailuroedus melanotis), following Christidis and Boles (2008).

Reference:

Christidis, L. and W.E. Boles. 2008. Systematics and taxonomy of Australian birds. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne.

 

Pages 515-517, Maluridae (Fairywrens)

The sequence of genera within Maluridae (Fairywrens) is revised, to bring the sequence closer in line with the results of recent genetic evidence on the phylogenetic relationships of these birds (Driskell et al. 2011, Lee et al. 2012). The sequence of species within some genera (Amytornis, Malurus) also is revised. The new sequence of genera is

Amytornis

Stipiturus

Sipodotus

Clytomyias

Chenorhamphus     newly recognized genus

Malurus

References:

Driskell, A.C., J.A. Norman, S. Pruett-Jones, E. Mangall, S. Sonsthagen, and L. Christidis. 2011. A multigene phylogeny examining evolutionary and ecological relationships in the Australo-papuan wrens of the subfamily Malurinae (Aves). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 60: 480–485.

Lee, J.Y., L. Joseph, and S.V. Edwards. 2012. A species tree for the Australo-Papuan fairy-wrens and allies (Aves: Maluridae). Systematic Biology 61:253–271.

 

Page 515, Broad-billed Fairywren Malurus grayi

Broad-billed Fairywren is transferred from Malurus to Chenorhamphus (as is the recently split Campbell’s Fairywren).

References:

Driskell, A.C., J.A. Norman, S. Pruett-Jones, E. Mangall, S. Sonsthagen, and L. Christidis. 2011. A multigene phylogeny examining evolutionary and ecological relationships in the Australo-papuan wrens of the subfamily Malurinae (Aves). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 60: 480–485.

Lee, J.Y., L. Joseph, and S.V. Edwards. 2012. A species tree for the Australo-Papuan fairy-wrens and allies (Aves: Maluridae). Systematic Biology 61:253–271.

 

Page 561, White-eared Honeyeater Lichenostomus leucotis

Correct a typographic error in the range description of subspecies Lichenostomus leucotis thomasi, and change “Kargaroo I. (South Australia)” to “Kangaroo I. (South Australia).”

 

Page 561, Yellow-tufted Honeyeater Lichenostomus melanops

Correct a typographic error in the range description of subspecies Lichenostomus melanops cassidix, and change “S-central Victoria (Yellingbo districk of West Gippsland)” to “S-central Victoria (Yellingbo district of West Gippsland).”

 

Page 566, Yellow-throated Miner Manorina flavigula

Delete subspecies Manorina flavigula melanotis; this is a synonym of Black-eared Miner (Manorina melanotis).

 

Page 564, Sooty Melidectes Melidectes fuscus

Delete subspecies Melidectes fuscus gilliardi; this is a synonym of Melidectes fuscus fuscus. Revise the range of subspecies fuscus from “SE New Guinea (Scratchley and Wharton Mts.)” to “mountains of central and southeastern New Guinea.”

Reference:

Diamond, J.M. 1969. Preliminary results of an ornithological exploration of the North Coastal Range, New Guinea. American Museum Novitates number 2362.

 

Page 564, Yellow-browed Melidectes Melidectes rufocrissalis

Delete subspecies Melidectes rufocrissalis gilliardi; this name is preoccupied, and is replaced by Melidectes rufocrissalis thomasi. Revise the range of thomasi from “Mts. of e New Guinea” to “southern slopes of the eastern highlands of New Guinea.”

Reference:

Diamond, J.M. 1969. Preliminary results of an ornithological exploration of the North Coastal Range, New Guinea. American Museum Novitates number 2362.

 

Page 544, Obscure Berrypecker Melanocharis arfakiana

Revise the range statement from “Known from 2 specimens ca 1900 from mts. of se New Guinea” to “patchily distributed in central and eastern New Guinea.”

Reference:

Gregory, P.A. 2008. Family Melanocharitidae (berrypeckers and Llongbills). Pages 322-338 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 13. Penduline-tits to shrikes. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

Page 565, Dark-eared Honeyeater Myza celebensis

Revise the English name of Dark-eared Honeyeater to Dark-eared Myza, in accord with regional usage.

References:

Holmes, D., and K. Phillipps. The birds of Sulawesi. Oxford University Press, Oxford, Singapore, and New York.

Inskipp, T., N. Lindsey, and W. Duckworth. 1996. An annotated checklist of the birds of the Oriental Region. Oriental Bird Club, Sandy, Bedfordshire.

 

Page 565, Greater Streaked Honeyeater Myza sarasinorum

Revise the English name of Greater Streaked Honeyeater to White-eared Myza, in accord with regional usage.

References:

Holmes, D., and K. Phillipps. The birds of Sulawesi. Oxford University Press, Oxford, Singapore, and New York.

Inskipp, T., N. Lindsey, and W. Duckworth. 1996. An annotated checklist of the birds of the Oriental Region. Oriental Bird Club, Sandy, Bedfordshire.

 

Page 577, Blue Vanga Cyanolanius madagascarinus

Correct a typographic error, and change the English name for the monotypic group Cyanolanius madagascarinus madagascarinus from Blue Vanga (Madagscar) to Blue Vanga (Madagascar).

 

Page 580, White-backed Woodswallow Artamus monachus

Revise the English name of White-backed Woodswallow to Ivory-backed Woodswallow, in accord with regional usage.

References:

Coates, B.J., and K.D. Bishop. 1997. A guide to the birds of Wallacea. Sulawesi, The Moluccas, and Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Dove Publications, Alderley, Queensland.

White, C.M.N., and M.D. Bruce. 1986. The Birds of Wallacea. (Sulawesi, The Moluccas & Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia). British Ornithologists’ Union Check-list number 7. British Ornithologists’ Union, London.

 

Pages 368-375, Campephagidae (Cuckoo-shrikes)

The English name for the family is changed from “cuckoo-shrike” to “cuckooshrike.”

The sequence of genera within the family is revised, following Fuchs et al. (2007) and Jønsson et al. (2010a), and several additional genera are recognized. The current sequence of genera of cuckooshrikes is:

Pericrocotus

Coracina

Lobotos     newly recognized genus

Campephaga

Campochaera

Malindangia     newly recognized genus

Lalage

Celebesia     newly recognized genus

Cyanograucalus     newly recognized genus

Analisoma     newly recognized genus

Edolisoma     newly recognized genus

Hemipus

The sequence of species within the minivets (Pericrocotus) also is revised, following Jønsson et al. (2010b).

References:

Fuchs, J., C. Cruaud, A. Coulox, and E. Pasquet. 2007. Complex biogeographic history of the cuckoo-shrikes and allies (Passeriformes: Campephagidae) revealed by mitochondrial and nuclear sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 44: 138-153.

Jønsson, K.A., R.C.K. Bowie, J.A.A. Nylander, L. Christidis, J.A. Norman, and J. Fjeldså. 2010a. Biogeographical history of cuckoo-shrikes (Aves: Passeriformes): transoceanic colonization of Africa from Australo-Papua. Journal of Biogeography 37: 1767-1781.

Jønsson, K.A., M. Irestedit, P.G.P. Ericson, and J. Fjedså. 2010b. A molecular phylogeny of minivets (Passeriformes: Campephagidae: Pericrocotus): implications for biogeography and convergent plumage evolution. Zoologica Scripta 39: 1-8.

 

Page 374, Scarlet Minivet Pericrocotus flammeus

Add two subspecies that had been omitted from previous editions of the checklist:

Pericrocotus flammeus gonzalesi, with range “n and e Mindanao (s Philippines)”

Pericrocotus flammeus nigroluteus, with range “s Mindanao (s Philippines)”

Revise the range of subspecies Pericrocotus flammeus johnstoniae from “Mindanao (s Philippines)” to “Mt. Apo, Mindanao (s Philippines).”

References:

Parkes, K.C. 1981. A substitute name for a Philippine minivet (Pericrocotus). Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 101: 370.

Ripley, S.D., and D.S. Rabor. 1961. The avifauna of Mt. Katanglad. Postilla number 50.

 

Pages 368-370, cuckoo-shrikes Coracina

The sequence of species within the genus Coracina is revised, following Fuchs et al. (2007) and Jønsson et al. (2010a).

References:

Fuchs, J., C. Cruaud, A. Coulox, and E. Pasquet. 2007. Complex biogeographic history of the cuckoo-shrikes and allies (Passeriformes: Campephagidae) revealed by mitochondrial and nuclear sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 44: 138-153.

Jønsson, K.A., R.C.K. Bowie, J.A.A. Nylander, L. Christidis, J.A. Norman, and J. Fjeldså. 2010a. Biogeographical history of cuckoo-shrikes (Aves: Passeriformes): transoceanic colonization of Africa from Australo-Papua. Journal of Biogeography 37: 1767-1781.

 

Pages 369-370, Melanesian Cuckoo-shrike Coracina caledonica

With the split of the polytypic group Melanesian Cuckoo-shrike (North) (Coracina caledonica [welchmani Group]) to species rank as North Melanesian Cuckooshrike (Coracina welchmani), change the English name of Coracina caledonica from Melanesian Cuckoo-shrike to South Melanesian Cuckooshrike.

Jønsson, K.A., R.C.K. Bowie, J.A.A. Nylander, L. Christidis, J.A. Norman, and J. Fjeldså. 2010. Biogeographical history of cuckoo-shrikes (Aves: Passeriformes): transoceanic colonization of Africa from Australo-Papua. Journal of Biogeography 37: 1767-1781.

 

Page 369, White-bellied Cuckoo-shrike Coracina papuensis

The name Coracina papuensis intermedia Rothschild 1931 is preoccupied by Coracina melaschistos intermedia (Hume 1877), and is replaced by Coracina papuensis rothschildi Kok 2008. Also, change “cuckoo-shrike” to “cuckooshrike.”

Reference:

de Kok, T.H.C. 2008. A replacement name for Coracina papuensis intermedia Rothschild, 1931. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 128: 270.

 

Page 374, Ghana Cuckoo-shrike Campephaga lobata

Oriole Cuckoo-shrike Campephaga oriolina

These two species of Campephaga cuckooshrikes are transferred to the genus Lobotos, following Jønsson et al. 2010 (and note the change in the English name, from “cuckoo-shrike” to “cuckooshrike”). The species name changes from lobata to lobatus (Ghana Cuckooshrike), and from oriolina to oriolinus (Oriole Cuckooshrike), to match the gender of the genus.

Reference:

Jønsson, K.A., R.C.K. Bowie, J.A.A. Nylander, L. Christidis, J.A. Norman, and J. Fjeldså. 2010a. Biogeographical history of cuckoo-shrikes (Aves: Passeriformes): transoceanic colonization of Africa from Australo-Papua. Journal of Biogeography 37: 1767-1781.

 

Page 372, McGregor’s Cuckoo-shrike Coracina mcgregori

Following Jønsson et al. (2010), McGregor’s Cuckoo-shrike (Coracina mcgregori) is removed from Coracina, and repositioned. Jonsson et al. (2010) proposed placing this species in the genus Lalage, but that would result in a large and heterogenous assemblage. Therefore, we place this species in the genus Malindangia, for which mcgregori is the type species (Peters et al. 1960). Also, change “cuckoo-shrike” to “cuckooshrike.”

References:

Jønsson, K.A., R.C.K. Bowie, J.A.A. Nylander, L. Christidis, J.A. Norman, and J. Fjeldså. 2010a. Biogeographical history of cuckoo-shrikes (Aves: Passeriformes): transoceanic colonization of Africa from Australo-Papua. Journal of Biogeography 37: 1767-1781.

Peters, J.L., E. Mayr, and H.G. Deignan. 1960. Family Campephagidae. Pages 167-221 in E. Mayr and J.C. Greenway, Jr. (editors), Check-list of birds of the world. Volume IX. Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

 

Pages 372-373, trillers Lalage

The sequence of species within the trillers (Lalage) also is revised, following Jønsson et al. (2010).

Reference:

Jønsson, K.A., R.C.K. Bowie, J.A.A. Nylander, L. Christidis, J.A. Norman, and J. Fjeldså. 2010a. Biogeographical history of cuckoo-shrikes (Aves: Passeriformes): transoceanic colonization of Africa from Australo-Papua. Journal of Biogeography 37: 1767-1781

 

Pages 370-372, Reunion Cuckoo-shrike Coracina newtoni

Mauritius Cuckoo-shrike Coracina typica

Black-winged Cuckoo-shrike Coracina melaschistos

Black-headed Cuckoo-shrike Coracina melanoptera

Lesser Cuckoo-shrike Coracina fimbriata

Indochinese Cuckoo-shrike Coracina polioptera

Following Jønsson et al. (2010), each of these species is removed from Coracina, and placed in the genus Lalage. Also, for each species change “cuckoo-shrike” to “cuckooshrike.”

Reference:

Jønsson, K.A., R.C.K. Bowie, J.A.A. Nylander, L. Christidis, J.A. Norman, and J. Fjeldså. 2010a. Biogeographical history of cuckoo-shrikes (Aves: Passeriformes): transoceanic colonization of Africa from Australo-Papua. Journal of Biogeography 37: 1767-1781.

 

Page 372, Black-headed Cuckooshrike Lalage melanoptera

Revise the range of subspecies Lalage melanoptera melanoptera from “N India (n Punjab and United Provinces); >Myanmar” to “breeds northern India (n Punjab and Uttar Pradesh); >Myanmar.”

Revise the range of subspecies Lalage melanoptera sykesi from “S India and Sri Lanka” to “central and southern India, and Sri Lanka.”

 

Page 370, Pygmy Cuckoo-shrike Coracina abbotti

Halmahera Cuckoo-shrike Coracina parvula

Following Jønsson et al. (2010), Pygmy Cuckoo-shrike (Coracina abbotti) and Halmahera Cuckoo-shrike (Coracina parvula) are removed from Coracina, and repositioned. Jønsson et al. (2010) proposed placing these species in the genus Lalage, but that would result in a large and heterogenous assemblage. Therefore, we place these species in the genus Celebesia, for which abbotti is the type species (Peters et al. 1960). Also, for both species change “cuckoo-shrike” to “cuckooshrike.”

References:

Jønsson, K.A., R.C.K. Bowie, J.A.A. Nylander, L. Christidis, J.A. Norman, and J. Fjeldså. 2010a. Biogeographical history of cuckoo-shrikes (Aves: Passeriformes): transoceanic colonization of Africa from Australo-Papua. Journal of Biogeography 37: 1767-1781.

Peters, J.L., E. Mayr, and H.G. Deignan. 1960. Family Campephagidae. Pages 167-221 in E. Mayr and J.C. Greenway, Jr. (editors), Check-list of birds of the world. Volume IX. Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

 

Page 370, Blue Cuckoo-shrike Coracina azurea

Following Jønsson et al. (2010), Blue Cuckoo-shrike (Coracina azurea) is removed from Coracina, and repositioned. Jønsson et al. (2010) proposed placing this species in the genus Lalage, but that would result in a large and heterogenous assemblage. Therefore, we place this species in the genus Cyanograucalus, for which azureus is the type species (Peters et al. 1960). Also, change the group name for the species from “cuckoo-shrike” to “cuckooshrike.”

References:

Jønsson, K.A., R.C.K. Bowie, J.A.A. Nylander, L. Christidis, J.A. Norman, and J. Fjeldså. 2010a. Biogeographical history of cuckoo-shrikes (Aves: Passeriformes): transoceanic colonization of Africa from Australo-Papua. Journal of Biogeography 37: 1767-1781.

Peters, J.L., E. Mayr, and H.G. Deignan. 1960. Family Campephagidae. Pages 167-221 in E. Mayr and J.C. Greenway, Jr. (editors), Check-list of birds of the world. Volume IX. Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

 

Pages 370-371, New Caledonian Cuckoo-shrike Coracina analis

Blackish Cuckoo-shrike Coracina coerulescens

White-winged Cuckoo-shrike Coracina ostenta

Following Jønsson et al. (2010), New Caledonian Cuckoo-shrike (Coracina analis), Blackish Cuckooshrike (Coracina coerulescens), and White-winged Cuckoo-shrike (Coracina ostenta) are removed from Coracina, and repositioned. Jønsson et al. (2010) proposed placing these species in the genus Lalage, but that would result in a large and heterogenous assemblage. Therefore, we place these species in the genus Analisoma, for which analis is the type species (Peters et al. 1960). Also, for all three species change “cuckoo-shrike” to “cuckooshrike.”

References:

Jønsson, K.A., R.C.K. Bowie, J.A.A. Nylander, L. Christidis, J.A. Norman, and J. Fjeldså. 2010a. Biogeographical history of cuckoo-shrikes (Aves: Passeriformes): transoceanic colonization of Africa from Australo-Papua. Journal of Biogeography 37: 1767-1781.

Peters, J.L., E. Mayr, and H.G. Deignan. 1960. Family Campephagidae. Pages 167-221 in E. Mayr and J.C. Greenway, Jr. (editors), Check-list of birds of the world. Volume IX. Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

 

Pages 372, Black-bellied Cuckoo-shrike Coracina montana

Following Jønsson et al. (2010), Black-bellied Cuckoo-shrike (Coracina montana) is removed from Coracina, and repositioned. Jønsson et al. (2010) proposed placing this species in the genus Lalage, but that would result in a large and heterogenous assemblage. Therefore, we place this species in the genus Edolisoma; the species name changes from montana to montanum.

Change the English name from Black-bellied Cuckoo-shrike to Black-bellied Cicadabird.

References:

Jønsson, K.A., R.C.K. Bowie, J.A.A. Nylander, L. Christidis, J.A. Norman, and J. Fjeldså. 2010a. Biogeographical history of cuckoo-shrikes (Aves: Passeriformes): transoceanic colonization of Africa from Australo-Papua. Journal of Biogeography 37: 1767-1781.

 

Page 371, Pale-gray Cuckoo-shrike Coracina ceramensis

Following Jønsson et al. (2010), Pale-gray Cuckoo-shrike (Coracina ceramensis) is removed from Coracina, and repositioned. Jønsson et al. (2010) proposed placing this species in the genus Lalage, but that would result in a large and heterogenous assemblage. Therefore, we place this species in the genus Edolisoma, and the species name changes from ceramensis to ceramense. Change the English name from Pale-gray Cuckoo-shrike to Pale Cicadabird, to conform to regional usage (White and Bruce 1986, Coates and Bishop 1997).

References:

Coates, B.J., and K.D. Bishop. 1997. A guide to the birds of Wallacea. Sulawesi, The Moluccas, and Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Dove Publications, Alderley, Queensland.

Jønsson, K.A., R.C.K. Bowie, J.A.A. Nylander, L. Christidis, J.A. Norman, and J. Fjeldså. 2010a. Biogeographical history of cuckoo-shrikes (Aves: Passeriformes): transoceanic colonization of Africa from Australo-Papua. Journal of Biogeography 37: 1767-1781.

White, C.M.N., and M.D. Bruce. 1986. The Birds of Wallacea. (Sulawesi, The Moluccas & Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia). British Ornithologists’ Union Check-list number 7. British Ornithologists’ Union, London.

 

Page 371, Kai Cuckoo-shrike Coracina dispar

Following Jønsson et al. (2010), Kai Cuckoo-shrike (Coracina dispar) is removed from Coracina, and repositioned. Jønsson et al. (2010) proposed placing this species in the genus Lalage, but that would result in a large and heterogenous assemblage. Therefore, we place this species in the genus Edolisoma.

Change the English name from Kai Cuckoo-shrike to Kai Cicadabird, to conform to regional usage (White and Bruce 1986, Coates and Bishop 1997).

References:

Coates, B.J., and K.D. Bishop. 1997. A guide to the birds of Wallacea. Sulawesi, The Moluccas, and Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Dove Publications, Alderley, Queensland.

Jønsson, K.A., R.C.K. Bowie, J.A.A. Nylander, L. Christidis, J.A. Norman, and J. Fjeldså. 2010a. Biogeographical history of cuckoo-shrikes (Aves: Passeriformes): transoceanic colonization of Africa from Australo-Papua. Journal of Biogeography 37: 1767-1781.

White, C.M.N., and M.D. Bruce. 1986. The Birds of Wallacea. (Sulawesi, The Moluccas & Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia). British Ornithologists’ Union Check-list number 7. British Ornithologists’ Union, London.

 

Page 371, Sumba Cuckoo-shrike Coracina dohertyi

Following Jønsson et al. (2010), Sumba Cuckoo-shrike (Coracina dohertyi) is removed from Coracina, and repositioned. Jønsson et al. (2010) proposed placing this species in the genus Lalage, but that would result in a large and heterogenous assemblage. Therefore, we place this species in the genus Edolisoma.

Change the English name from Sumba Cuckoo-shrike to Pale-shouldered Cicadabird, to conform to regional usage (Coates and Bishop 1997).

References:

Coates, B.J., and K.D. Bishop. 1997. A guide to the birds of Wallacea. Sulawesi, The Moluccas, and Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Dove Publications, Alderley, Queensland.

Jønsson, K.A., R.C.K. Bowie, J.A.A. Nylander, L. Christidis, J.A. Norman, and J. Fjeldså. 2010a. Biogeographical history of cuckoo-shrikes (Aves: Passeriformes): transoceanic colonization of Africa from Australo-Papua. Journal of Biogeography 37: 1767-1781.

 

Page 371, Black-bibbed Cuckoo-shrike Coracina mindanensis

Following Jønsson et al. (2010), Black-bibbed Cuckoo-shrike (Coracina mindanensis) is removed from Coracina, and repositioned. Jønsson et al. (2010) proposed placing this species in the genus Lalage, but that would result in a large and heterogenous assemblage. Therefore, we place this species in the genus Edolisoma, and the species name changes from mindanensis to mindanense.

The English name for the family is changed from cuckoo-shrike to cuckooshrike, and Black-bibbed Cuckoo-shrike becomes Black-bibbed Cuckooshrike.

The name of subspecies elusa becomes elusum.

Reference:

Jønsson, K.A., R.C.K. Bowie, J.A.A. Nylander, L. Christidis, J.A. Norman, and J. Fjeldså. 2010a. Biogeographical history of cuckoo-shrikes (Aves: Passeriformes): transoceanic colonization of Africa from Australo-Papua. Journal of Biogeography 37: 1767-1781.

 

Page 372, Solomon Islands Cuckoo-shrike Coracina holopolia

Following Jønsson et al. (2010), Solomon Islands Cuckoo-shrike (Coracina holopolia) is removed from Coracina, and repositioned. Jønsson et al. (2010) proposed placing this species in the genus Lalage, but that would result in a large and heterogenous assemblage. Therefore, we place this species in the genus Edolisoma, and the species name changes from holopolia to holopolium.

Change the English name from Solomon Islands Cuckoos-shrike to Solomons Cuckooshrike, to conform to modern usage (e.g., Sibley and Monroe 1990, Taylor 2005, Dutson 2011).

The name of subspecies pygmaea becomes pygmaeum.

References:

Dutson, G. 2011. Birds of Melanesia: Bismarcks, Solomons, Vanuatu, and New Caledonia.   Princeton University Press.

Jønsson, K.A., R.C.K. Bowie, J.A.A. Nylander, L. Christidis, J.A. Norman, and J. Fjeldså. 2010a. Biogeographical history of cuckoo-shrikes (Aves: Passeriformes): transoceanic colonization of Africa from Australo-Papua. Journal of Biogeography 37: 1767-1781.

Sibley, C.G., and B.L. Monroe, Jr. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut.

Taylor, P.B. 2005. Family Campephagidae (cuckoo-shrikes). Pages 40-122 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 10. Cuckoo-shrikes to thrushes. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

Page 371, Papuan Cuckoo-shrike Coracina incerta

Following Jønsson et al. (2010), Papuan Cuckoo-shrike (Coracina incerta) is removed from Coracina, and repositioned. Jønsson et al. (2010) proposed placing this species in the genus Lalage, but that would result in a large and heterogenous assemblage. Therefore, we place this species in the genus Edolisoma, and the species name changes from incerta to incertum.

Change the English name from Papuan Cuckoo-shrike to Papuan Cicadabird.

References:

Jønsson, K.A., R.C.K. Bowie, J.A.A. Nylander, L. Christidis, J.A. Norman, and J. Fjeldså. 2010a. Biogeographical history of cuckoo-shrikes (Aves: Passeriformes): transoceanic colonization of Africa from Australo-Papua. Journal of Biogeography 37: 1767-1781.

 

Page 371, Sulawesi Cuckoo-shrike Coracina morio

Following Jønsson et al. (2010), Sulawesi Cuckoo-shrike (Coracina morio) is removed from Coracina, and repositioned. Jønsson et al. (2010) proposed placing this species in the genus Lalage, but that would result in a large and heterogenous assemblage. Therefore, we place this species in the genus Edolisoma.

Change the English name from Sulawesi Cuckoo-shrike to Sulawesi Cicadabird, to conform to regional usage (Coates and Bishop 1997).

The name of subspecies talautensis becomes talautense.

References:

Coates, B.J., and K.D. Bishop. 1997. A guide to the birds of Wallacea. Sulawesi, The Moluccas, and Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Dove Publications, Alderley, Queensland.

Jønsson, K.A., R.C.K. Bowie, J.A.A. Nylander, L. Christidis, J.A. Norman, and J. Fjeldså. 2010a. Biogeographical history of cuckoo-shrikes (Aves: Passeriformes): transoceanic colonization of Africa from Australo-Papua. Journal of Biogeography 37: 1767-1781.

 

Page 371, Sula Cuckoo-shrike Coracina sula

Following Jønsson et al. (2010), Sula Cuckoo-shrike (Coracina sula) is removed from Coracina, and repositioned. Jønsson et al. (2010) proposed placing this species in the genus Lalage, but that would result in a large and heterogenous assemblage. Therefore, we place this species in the genus Edolisoma.

Change the English name of Sula Cuckoo-shrike to Sula Cicadabird, to conform to regional usage (Coates and Bishop 1997).

References:

Coates, B.J., and K.D. Bishop. 1997. A guide to the birds of Wallacea. Sulawesi, The Moluccas, and Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Dove Publications, Alderley, Queensland.

Jønsson, K.A., R.C.K. Bowie, J.A.A. Nylander, L. Christidis, J.A. Norman, and J. Fjeldså. 2010a. Biogeographical history of cuckoo-shrikes (Aves: Passeriformes): transoceanic colonization of Africa from Australo-Papua. Journal of Biogeography 37: 1767-1781.

 

Pages 370-371, Cicadabird Coracina tenuirostre

Following Jønsson et al. (2010), Cicadabird (Coracina tenuirostre) is removed from Coracina, and repositioned. Jønsson et al. (2010) proposed placing this species in the genus Lalage, but that would result in a large and heterogenous assemblage. Therefore, we place this species in the genus Edolisoma, and the species name changes from tenuirostris to tenuirostre.

Change the English name from Cicadabird to Common Cicadabird.

The name of subspecies emancipate becomes emancipatum.

The name of subspecies pererrata becomes pererratum.

The name of subspecies obiensis becomes obiense.

The name of subspecies timoriensis becomes timoriense.

The name of subspecies aruensis becomes aruense.

The name of subspecies numforana becomes numforanum.

The name of subspecies tagulana becomes tagulanum.

The name of subspecies rostrata becomes rostratum.

The name of subspecies erythropygia becomes erythropygium.

The name of subspecies saturatior becomes saturatius.

The name of subspecies nisoria becomes nisorium.

The name of subspecies melvillensis becomes melvillense.

The name of subspecies tenuirostris becomes tenuirostre.

The name of subspecies remota becomes remotus.

The name of subspecies insperata becomes insperatum.

Revise the range description of subspecies obiensis from “S Moluccas (Obi and Bisa)” to “central Moluccas (Obi and Bisa).”

Add an additional subspecies, Edolisoma tenuirostre amboinense, which is widely recognized (e.g., Peters et al. 1960, Dickinson 2003) but inadvertently omitted from previous editions of the eBird/Clements Checklist; the range of amboinense is “S Moluccas (Ambon and Seram).”

References:

Dickinson, E. C. (editor). 2003. The Howard and Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Third edition. Princeton University Press, New Jersey.

Jønsson, K.A., R.C.K. Bowie, J.A.A. Nylander, L. Christidis, J.A. Norman, and J. Fjeldså. 2010a. Biogeographical history of cuckoo-shrikes (Aves: Passeriformes): transoceanic colonization of Africa from Australo-Papua. Journal of Biogeography 37: 1767-1781.

Peters, J.L., E. Mayr, and H.G. Deignan. 1960. Family Campephagidae. Pages 167-221 in E. Mayr and J.C. Greenway, Jr. (editors), Check-list of birds of the world. Volume IX. Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

 

Page 371, Gray-headed Cuckoo-shrike Coracina schisticeps

Following Jønsson et al. (2010), Gray-headed Cuckoo-shrike (Coracina schisticeps) is removed from Coracina, and repositioned. Jønsson et al. (2010) proposed placing this species in the genus Lalage, but that would result in a large and heterogenous assemblage. Therefore, we place this species in the genus Edolisoma.

Change the English name from Gray-headed Cuckooshrike to Gray-headed Cicadabird.

The name of subspecies vittata becomes vittatum.

Reference:

Jønsson, K.A., R.C.K. Bowie, J.A.A. Nylander, L. Christidis, J.A. Norman, and J. Fjeldså. 2010a. Biogeographical history of cuckoo-shrikes (Aves: Passeriformes): transoceanic colonization of Africa from Australo-Papua. Journal of Biogeography 37: 1767-1781.

 

Page 371, New Guinea Cuckoo-shrike Coracina melas

Following Jønsson et al. (2010), New Guinea Cuckoo-shrike (Coracina melas) is removed from Coracina, and repositioned. Jønsson et al. (2010) proposed placing this species in the genus Lalage, but that would result in a large and heterogenous assemblage. Therefore, we place this species in the genus Edolisoma, for which marescoti [= melas] is the type species (Peters et al. 1960); the species name changes from melas to melan.

Change the English name from New Guinea Cuckoo-shrike to Black Cicadabird.

The name of subspecies waigeuensis becomes waigeuense.

References:

Jønsson, K.A., R.C.K. Bowie, J.A.A. Nylander, L. Christidis, J.A. Norman, and J. Fjeldså. 2010a. Biogeographical history of cuckoo-shrikes (Aves: Passeriformes): transoceanic colonization of Africa from Australo-Papua. Journal of Biogeography 37: 1767-1781.

Peters, J.L., E. Mayr, and H.G. Deignan. 1960. Family Campephagidae. Pages 167-221 in E. Mayr and J.C. Greenway, Jr. (editors), Check-list of birds of the world. Volume IX. Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

 

Pages 483-488, Pachycephalidae (Whistlers and Allies)

The sequence of genera within Pachycephalidae (Whistlers and Allies), and the sequence of species within genera, is revised. The current sequence of genera of Pachycephalidae, primarily based on Jønsson et al. (2011), is:

Eulacestoma

Falcunculus

Colluricincla

Melanorectes

Coracornis

Pachycephala

Mohoua

Rhagologus

Oreoica

Aleadryas

Ornorectes

Reference:

Jønsson, K.A., F. Pierre-Herni, R.E. Ricklefs, and J. Fjeldså. 2011. Major global radiation of corvoid birds originated in the proto-Papuan archipelago. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 108: 2328-2333.

 

Page 488, Wattled Ploughbill Eulacestoma nigropectus

Wattled Ploughbill (Eulacestoma nigropectus) may not be a member of the Pachycephalidae (Whistlers and Allies) (Jønsson et al. 2008, 2011), although other research suggests that it may be a basal member of this family (Norman et al. 2009). Provisionally we resequence this genus at the beginning of Pachycephalidae.

References:

Jønsson, K. A., R.C.K. Bowie, J.A. Norman, L.Christidis, and J. Fjeldså. 2008. Polyphyletic origin of toxic Pitohui birds suggests widespread occurrence of toxicity in corvoid birds. Biology  Letters 4: 71-74.

Jønsson, K.A., F. Pierre-Herni, R.E. Ricklefs, and J. Fjeldså. 2011. Major global radiation of corvoid birds originated in the proto-Papuan archipelago. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 108: 2328-2333.

Norman, J.A., W.E. Boles, L. Christidis, L. 2009b. Relationships of the New Guinean songbird genera Amalocichla and Pachycare based on mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences. Journal of Avian Biology 40: 640-645.

 

Page 487, Rusty Pitohui Pitohui ferrugineus

Dumbacher et al. (2008) and Jønsson et al. (2010) documented that the genus Pitohui contains several different, unrelated clades (lineages). One of these clades, containing Rusty Pitohui (Pitohui ferrugineus), belongs with the genus Colluricincla. Change the spelling of the species name of Rusty Pitohui from ferrugineus to ferruginea.

The name of subspecies leucorhynchus becomes leucorhyncha.

The name of subspecies fuscus becomes fusca.

The name of subspecies ferrugineus becomes ferruginea.

The name of subspecies holerythrus becomes holerythra.    The name of subspecies clarus becomes clara.

The sequence of genera within Pachycephalidae (Whistlers and Allies), and the sequence of species within genera, is revised.

References:

Dumbacher, J.P., K. Deiner, L. Thompson, and R.C. Fleischer. 2008. Phylogeny of the avian genus Pitohui and the evolution of toxicity in birds. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 49: 774-781.

Jønsson, K.A., R.C.K. Bowie, R.G. Moyle, L. Christidis, J.A. Norman, B.W. Benz, and J. Fjeldså. 2010.  Historical biogeography of an Indo-Pacific passerine bird family (Pachycephalidae): different colonization patterns in the Indonesian and Melanesian archipelagos. Journal of Biogeography 37: 245-257.

 

Page 487, White-bellied Pitohui Pitohui incertus

Dumbacher et al. (2008) and Jønsson et al. (2010) documented that the genus Pitohui contains several different, unrelated clades (lineages). One of these clades, containing White-bellied Pitohui (Pitohui incertus), belongs with the genus Colluricincla. Change the spelling of the species name from incertus to incerta.

References:

Dumbacher, J.P., K. Deiner, L. Thompson, and R.C. Fleischer. 2008. Phylogeny of the avian genus Pitohui and the evolution of toxicity in birds. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 49: 774-781.

Jønsson, K.A., R.C.K. Bowie, R.G. Moyle, L. Christidis, J.A. Norman, B.W. Benz, and J. Fjeldså. 2010.  Historical biogeography of an Indo-Pacific passerine bird family (Pachycephalidae): different colonization patterns in the Indonesian and Melanesian archipelagos. Journal of Biogeography 37: 245-257.

 

Page 487, Rufous Shrike-Thrush Colluricincla megarhyncha

Colluricincla megarhyncha ferruginea (Hartert and Paludan 1936) is preoccupied by Colluricincla ferruginea (Bonaparte 1850). A nomenclatural “fix” is in preparation.

 

Page 488, Black Pitohui Pitohui nigrescens

Dumbacher et al. (2008) and Jønsson et al. (2010) documented that the genus Pitohui contains several different, unrelated clades (lineages). Jønsson et al. (2010) proposed that one of these clades, containing the Black Pitohui (Pitohui nigrescens), should be placed in the monotypic genus Melanorectes. The sequence of genera within Pachycephalidae (Whistlers and Allies) is revised.

References:

Dumbacher, J.P., K. Deiner, L. Thompson, and R.C. Fleischer. 2008. Phylogeny of the avian genus Pitohui and the evolution of toxicity in birds. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 49: 774-781.

Jønsson, K.A., R.C.K. Bowie, R.G. Moyle, L. Christidis, J.A. Norman, B.W. Benz, and J. Fjeldså. 2010.  Historical biogeography of an Indo-Pacific passerine bird family (Pachycephalidae): different colonization patterns in the Indonesian and Melanesian archipelagos. Journal of Biogeography 37: 245-257.

 

Page 487, Sangihe Shrike-Thrush Colluricincla sanghirensis

Sangihe Shrike-Thrush (Colluricincla sanghirensis) is not member of the genus Colluricincla, but instead should be placed in Coracornis. Consequently, we change the English name to Sangihe Whistler. The sequence of genera within Pachycephalidae (Whistlers and Allies) is revised.

Reference:

Jønsson, K.A., R.C.K. Bowie, R.G. Moyle, L. Christidis, J.A. Norman, B.W. Benz, and J. Fjeldså. 2010.  Historical biogeography of an Indo-Pacific passerine bird family (Pachycephalidae): different colonization patterns in the Indonesian and Melanesian archipelagos. Journal of Biogeography 37: 245-257.

 

Pages 484-485, Golden Whistler Pachycephala pectoralis

A suite of subspecies (littayei, cucullata, chlorura, intacta, and vanikorensis), all previously classified as subspecies of Golden Whistler (Pachycephala pectoralis), are transferred to New Caledonian Whistler (Pachycephala caledonica), following Galbraith (1956) and Dickinson (2003).

References:

Dickinson, E.C. (editor). 2003. The Howard and Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Third edition. Princeton University Press, New Jersey.

Galbraith, I.C.J. 1956. Variation, relationships and evolution in the Pachycephala pectoralis superspecies (Aves, Muscicapidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology 4: 133-222.

 

Page 486, New Caledonian Whistler Pachycephala caledonica

Revise the range statement for Pachycephala caledonica littayei from “New Caledonia and Loyalty Islands (Lifou and Maré)” to “Loyalty Islands (Lifou and Maré).”

 

Pages 485-486, Black-tailed Whistler Pachycephala melanura

Subspecies balim, previously classified as a subspecies of Black-tailed Whistler (Pachycephala melanura), is transferred to Golden Whistler (Pachycephala pectoralis), following Dickinson (2003). This subspecies also forms a new monotypic group, Golden Whistler (Balim Valley) (Pachycephala pectoralis balim).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C. (editor). 2003. The Howard and Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Third edition. Princeton University Press, New Jersey.

 

Pages 484-485, Golden Whistler Pachycephala pectoralis

Subspecies fergussonis, previously classified as a subspecies of Golden Whistler (Pachycephala pectoralis), is transferred to the Black-tailed Whistler (Pachycephala melanura), where it is merged with Pachycephala melanura dahli, following Mayr (1967) and Dickinson (2003).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C. (editor). 2003. The Howard and Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Third edition. Princeton University Press, New Jersey.

Mayr, E. 1967. Family Muscicapidae, Subfamily Pachycephalinae. Pages 3-51 in R.A. Paynter, Jr. (editor), Check-list of birds of the world. Volume XII. Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

 

Page 487, Morningbird Colluricincla tenebrosa

Morningbird (Colluricincla tenebrosa) is transferred to the genus Pachycephala, following Norman et al. (2009) and Jønsson et al. (2010).

References:

Jønsson, K.A., R.C.K. Bowie, R.G. Moyle, L. Christidis, J.A. Norman, B.W. Benz, and J. Fjeldså. 2010.  Historical biogeography of an Indo-Pacific passerine bird family (Pachycephalidae): different colonization patterns in the Indonesian and Melanesian archipelagos. Journal of Biogeography 37: 245-257.

Norman, J.A., P.G.P. Ericson, K.A. Jønsson, J. Fjeldså, and L. Christidis. 2009. A multi-gene phylogeny reveals novel relationships for aberrant genera of Australo-Papuan core Corvoidea and polyphyly of the Pachycephalidae and Psophodidae (Aves: Passeriformes). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 52: 488-497.

Page 483, Whitehead Mohoua albicilla

Yellowhead Mohoua ochrocephala

Pipipi Mohoua novaeseelandiae

Whitehead (Mohoua albicilla), Yellowhead (Mohoua ochrocephala), and Pipipi (Mohoua novaeseelandiae) have been shown not to be members of the Pachycephalidae (Whistlers and Allies) (Norman et al. 2009, Jønsson et al. 2011). In the absence of a clear indication of where these species belong, they are moved to a position of “limbo” (incertae sedis) at the end of the Pachycephalidae.

References:

Jønsson, K.A., F. Pierre-Herni, R.E. Ricklefs, and J. Fjeldså. 2011. Major global radiation of corvoid birds originated in the proto-Papuan archipelago. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 108: 2328-2333.

Norman, J.A., P.G.P. Ericson, K.A. Jønsson, J. Fjeldså, and L. Christidis. 2009. A multi-gene phylogeny reveals novel relationships for aberrant genera of Australo-Papuan core Corvoidea and polyphyly of the Pachycephalidae and Psophodidae (Aves: Passeriformes). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 52: 488-497.

 

Page 483, Mottled Whistler Rhagologus leucostigma

Mottled Whistler (Rhagologus leucostigma) has been shown not to be a member of the Pachycephalidae (Whistlers and Allies) (Norman et al. 2009, Jønsson et al. 2011). In the absence of a clear indication of where this species belongs, it is moved to a position of “limbo” (incertae sedis) at the end of the Pachycephalidae.

References:

Jønsson, K.A., F. Pierre-Herni, R.E. Ricklefs, and J. Fjeldså. 2011. Major global radiation of corvoid birds originated in the proto-Papuan archipelago. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 108: 2328-2333.

Norman, J.A., P.G.P. Ericson, K.A. Jønsson, J. Fjeldså, and L. Christidis. 2009. A multi-gene phylogeny reveals novel relationships for aberrant genera of Australo-Papuan core Corvoidea and polyphyly of the Pachycephalidae and Psophodidae (Aves: Passeriformes). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 52: 488-497.

 

Page 483, Crested Bellbird Oreoica gutturalis

Page 483, Rufous-naped Whistler Aleadryas rufinucha

Page 488, Crested Pitohui Pitohui cristatus

Crested Bellbird (Oreoica gutturalis), Rufous-naped Whistler (Aleadryas rufinucha), and Crested Pitohui (Pitohui cristatus) are closely related to each other, but are not members of the Pachycephalidae (Whistlers and Allies) (Norman et al. 2009, Jønsson et al. 2011). The scientific name for Crested Pitohui changes from Pitohui cristatus to Ornorectes cristatus. Provisionally these three species are moved to a position of “limbo” (incertae sedis) at the end of the Pachycephalidae, but they may prove to merit recognition as a separate family.

References:

Jønsson, K.A., F. Pierre-Herni, R.E. Ricklefs, and J. Fjeldså. 2011. Major global radiation of corvoid birds originated in the proto-Papuan archipelago. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 108: 2328-2333.

Norman, J.A., P.G.P. Ericson, K.A. Jønsson, J. Fjeldså, and L. Christidis. 2009. A multi-gene phylogeny reveals novel relationships for aberrant genera of Australo-Papuan core Corvoidea and polyphyly of the Pachycephalidae and Psophodidae (Aves: Passeriformes). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 52: 488-497.

 

Page 570, Souza’s Shrike Lanius souzae

Souza’s Shrike is closely related to the recently split Southern Fiscal (Lanius collaris), and is moved to a new position between Southern Fiscal and Newton’s Fiscal (Lanius newtoni).

Reference:

Fuchs, J., T.M. Crowe, and R.C.K. Bowie. 2011. Phylogeography of the fiscal shrike (Lanius collaris): a novel pattern of genetic structure across the arid zones and savannas of Africa. Journal of Biogeography 38: 2210-2222.

 

Page 623, Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus

In accord with nomenclatural priority, change the scientific name for the polytypic group Red-eyed Vireo (resident Chivi) from Vireo olivaceus [griseobarbatus Group] to Vireo olivaceus [agilis Group].

Correct the scientific name of the polytypic group Red-eyed Vireo (migratory Chivi) from Vireo olivaceus [chivi Group] to Vireo olivaceus chivi/diversus.

 

Page 623, Black-whiskered Vireo Vireo altiloquus

Revise the range of subspecies Vireo altiloquus barbatulus from “Coastal s Florida, Cuba and Haiti; winters to Amazonian Brazil” to “coastal s Florida, Cuba, Isle of Pines, and the Cayman Islands; winters to Amazonian Brazil.”

Revise the range of subspecies Vireo altiloquus altiloquus from “Greater Antilles; winters to n South America” to “Greater Antilles (except for Cuba, Isle of Pines, and the Cayman Islands); winters to n South America.”

Revise the range of subspecies Vireo altiloquus barbadensis from “St. Croix and Barbados” to “Lesser Antilles (St. Croix to Barbados).”

 

Page 578, Lesser Racket-tailed Drongo Dicrurus remifer

Revise the range of subspecies Dicrurus remifer lefoli from S Cambodia (Chaine d’Éléphant and Cardamomes Mountains) to “southern Cambodia (Dâmrei Mountains and Cardamom Mountains.”

 

Page 579, Hair-crested Drongo Dicrurus hottentottus

Subspecies meeki and longirostris previously were assigned to Hair-crested Drongo (Dicrurus hottentottus), but now are moved to Spangled Drongo (Dicrurus bracteatus) following Mayr and Diamond (2001) and Rocamora and Yeatman-Berthelot (2009).

Revise the range of subspecies Dicrurus hottentottus leucops from “Sulawesi, adjacent islands and n Moluccas” to “Sulawesi and adjacent islands, including Talaud Is., Sangihe, Banggai Is., and Tukangbesi Is.”.

References:

Mayr, E., and J. Diamond. 2001. The birds of northern Melanesia. Speciation, ecology, and biogeography. Oxford University Press.

Rocamora, G.J., and D. Yeatman-Berthelot. 2009. Family Dicruridae (Drongos). Pages 172-226 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 14. Bush-shrikes to Old World sparrows. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

Pages 475-477, Metabolus, Carterornis, Monarcha, and Symposiachrus

The sequence of the genera Metabolus, Carterornis, Monarcha, and Symposiachrus is revised, and the sequence of species within Monarcha and Symposiachrus also is revised. The current sequence of genera within this group is:

Carterornis

Metabolus

Monarcha

Symposiachrus

 

Page 476, Loetoe Monarch Monarcha castus

Loetoe Monarch (Monarcha castus) is closely related to White-naped Monarch (Carterornis pileatus) (White and Bruce 1986), and so, following Filardi and Smith (2005), Filardi and Moyle (2005), and Christidis and Boles (2008), this species belongs in the genus Carterornis, following White-naped Monarch.

References:

Christidis, L., and W. E. Boles. 2008. Systematics and taxonomy of Australian birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.

Filardi, C.E., and R.G. Moyle. 2005. Single origin of a pan-Pacific bird group and upstream colonization of Australasia. Nature 438: 216-219.

Filardi, C.E., and C.E. Smith. 2005. Molecular phylogenetics of monarch flycatchers (genus Monarcha) with emphasis on Solomon Island endemics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 37: 776-788.

White, C.M.N., and M.D. Bruce. 1986. The Birds of Wallacea. (Sulawesi, The Moluccas & Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia). British Ornithologists’ Union Check-list number 7. British Ornithologists’ Union, London.

 

Page 475, Rufous Monarch Monarcha rubiensis

Rufous Monarch (Monarcha rubiensis) is transferred to the genus Symposiachrus, following Filardi and Moyle (2005) and Chrisitidis and Boles (2008).

References:

Christidis, L., and W. E. Boles. 2008. Systematics and taxonomy of Australian birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.

Filardi, C.E., and R.G. Moyle. 2005. Single origin of a pan-Pacific bird group and upstream colonization of Australasia. Nature 438: 216-219.

 

Page 476, Flores Monarch Monarcha sacerdotum

Flores Monarch (Monarcha sacerdotum) is transferred to the genus Symposiachrus, following Mayr and Diamond (2001), Filardi and Smith (2005), and Filardi and Moyle (2005).

References:

Filardi, C.E., and R.G. Moyle. 2005. Single origin of a pan-Pacific bird group and upstream colonization of Australasia. Nature 438: 216-219.

Filardi, C.E., and C.E. Smith. 2005. Molecular phylogenetics of monarch flycatchers (genus Monarcha) with emphasis on Solomon Island endemics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 37: 776-788.

Mayr, E., and J. Diamond. 2001. The birds of northern Melanesia. Speciation, ecology, and biogeography. Oxford University Press.

 

Page 476, Black-chinned Monarch Monarcha boanensis

Black-chinned Monarch (Monarcha boanensis) is transferred to the genus Symposiachrus, following Mayr and Diamond (2001), Filardi and Smith (2005), and Filardi and Moyle (2005).

References:

Filardi, C.E., and R.G. Moyle. 2005. Single origin of a pan-Pacific bird group and upstream colonization of Australasia. Nature 438: 216-219.

Filardi, C.E., and C.E. Smith. 2005. Molecular phylogenetics of monarch flycatchers (genus Monarcha) with emphasis on Solomon Island endemics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 37: 776-788.

Mayr, E., and J. Diamond. 2001. The birds of northern Melanesia. Speciation, ecology, and biogeography. Oxford University Press.

 

Page 476, Spectacled Monarch Symposiachrus trivirgatus

Change the English name for the monotypic group Symposiachrus trivirgatus bimaculatus from Spectacled Monarch (Moluccan) to Spectacled Monarch (Halmahera).

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from melanorrhoa to melanorrhous.

 

Page 476, White-tailed Monarch Monarcha leucurus

White-tailed Monarch (Monarcha leucurus) is transferred to the genus Symposiachrus, following Mayr and Diamond (2001), Filardi and Smith (2005), and Filardi and Moyle (2005).

References:

Filardi, C.E., and R.G. Moyle. 2005. Single origin of a pan-Pacific bird group and upstream colonization of Australasia. Nature 438: 216-219.

Filardi, C.E., and C.E. Smith. 2005. Molecular phylogenetics of monarch flycatchers (genus Monarcha) with emphasis on Solomon Island endemics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 37: 776-788.

Mayr, E., and J. Diamond. 2001. The birds of northern Melanesia. Speciation, ecology, and biogeography. Oxford University Press.

 

Page 476, White-tipped Monarch Monarcha everetti

Black-tipped Monarch Monarcha loricatus

White-tipped Monarch (Monarcha everetti) and Black-tipped Monarch (Monarcha loricatus) are transferred to the genus Symposiachrus, following Filardi and Smith (2005), Filardi and Moyle (2005), and Coates et al. (2006).

References:

Filardi, C.E., and R.G. Moyle. 2005. Single origin of a pan-Pacific bird group and upstream colonization of Australasia. Nature 438: 216-219.

Filardi, C.E., and C.E. Smith. 2005. Molecular phylogenetics of monarch flycatchers (genus Monarcha) with emphasis on Solomon Island endemics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 37: 776-788.

Coates, B.J., G.C.L. Dutson, and C.E. Filardi. 2006. Family Monarchidae (monarch-flycatchers). Pages 244-329 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 11. Old World flycatchers to Old World warblers. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

Pages 476-477, Black-backed Monarch Monarcha julianae

Biak Monarch Monarcha brehmii

White-breasted Monarch Monarcha menckei

Black-bibbed Monarch Monarcha mundus

White-collared Monarch Monarcha viduus

Black-backed Monarch (Monarcha julianae), Biak Monarch (Monarcha brehmii), White-breasted Monarch (Monarcha menckei), Black-bibbed Monarch (Monarcha mundus), and White-collared Monarch (Monarcha viduus) are transferred to the genus Symposiachrus, following Mayr and Diamond (2001), Filardi and Smith (2005), and Filardi and Moyle (2005).

Also, change the species name of White-collared Monarch from viduus to vidua, following David and Gosselin (2011).

References:

David, N., and M. Gosselin. 2011. Gender agreement of avian species-group names under Article 31.2.2 of the ICZN Code. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 131: 103-115.

Filardi, C.E., and R.G. Moyle. 2005. Single origin of a pan-Pacific bird group and upstream colonization of Australasia. Nature 438: 216-219.

Filardi, C.E., and C.E. Smith. 2005. Molecular phylogenetics of monarch flycatchers (genus Monarcha) with emphasis on Solomon Island endemics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 37: 776-788.

Mayr, E., and J. Diamond. 2001. The birds of northern Melanesia. Speciation, ecology, and biogeography. Oxford University Press.

 

Page 590, Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius

Revise the range of subspecies Garrulus glandarius japonicus from “Japan (Hondo, Shikoku and Kyushu)” to “Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, northern Kyushu, and Tsushima).”

Revise the range of subspecies Garrulus glandarius hiugaensis from “Japan (Isu Peninsula of e Hondo, s Kyushu and Kagoshima)” to “Japan (Izu Peninsula of Honshu, southern Kyushu, and Kagoshima).”

 

Page 591, Azure-winged Magpie Cyanopica cyanus

Revise the range of subspecies Cyanopica cyanus japonica from “Japan (Hondo and Kyushu)” to “Japan (Honshu and Kyushu).”

 

Page 592, Eurasian Magpie Pica pica

Revise the range description for subspecies Pica pica leucoptera from “S Transbaicalia to e Mongolia and Altai Mountains” to “s Transbaikalia to e Mongolia and Altai Mountains.”
Page 593, Eurasian Nutcracker Nucifraga caryocatactes

Revise the range of subspecies Nucifraga caryocatactes japonica from “Central and s Kuril Islands, Hokkaido and Hondo” to “Central and s Kuril Islands, Hokkaido and Honshu.”

 

Pages 583-585, Paradisaeidae (Birds-of-paradise)

The sequence of genera within Paradisaeidae (Birds-of-paradise) is revised, following Irestedt et al. (2009). In some cases, the sequence of species within a genus also is revised, and one new genus (Drepanornis) is recognized. The current sequence of genera within Paradisaeidae (Birds-of-paradise) is:

Lycocorax

Phonygammus

Manucodia

Pteridophora

Parotia

Seleucidis

Drepanornis     newly recognized genus

Semioptera

Lophorina

Ptiloris

Epimachus

Paradigalla

Astrapia

Cicinnurus

Paradisaea

Melampitta

Reference:

Irestedt, M., K.A Jønsson, J. Fjeldså, L. Christidis, and P.G.P Ericson. 2009. An unexpectedly long history of sexual selection in birds-of-paradise. BMC Evolutionary Biology 9: 235 doi:10.1186/1471-2148-9-235

 

Page 584, Black-billed Sicklebill Epimachus albertisi

Pale-billed Sicklebill Epimachus bruijnii

The sicklebills now are shown to belong to two genera. Black-billed (Epimachus albertisi) and Pale-billed sicklebills (Epimachus bruijnii) are separated in the genus Drepanornis, following Irestedt et al. (2009).

Reference:

Irestedt, M., K.A Jønsson, J. Fjeldså, L. Christidis, and P.G.P Ericson. 2009. An unexpectedly long history of sexual selection in birds-of-paradise. BMC Evolutionary Biology 9: 235 doi:10.1186/1471-2148-9-235

 

Page 584, Wallace’s Standardwing Semioptera wallacii

Revise the English name from Wallace’s Standardwing to Standardwing Bird-of-paradise, following Frith and Frith (2009).

Reference:

Frith, C.B., and D.W. Frith. 2009. Family Paradeisaeidae (birds-of-paradise). Pages 404-492 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (editors). Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 14. Bush-shrikes to Old World sparrows. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

Page 583, Princess Stephanie’s Astrapia Astrapia stephaniae

Revise the English name from Princess Stephanie’s Astrapia to Stephanie’s Astrapia, following Frith and Frith (2009).

Reference:

Frith, C.B., and D.W. Frith. 2009. Family Paradeisaeidae (birds-of-paradise). Pages 404-492 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (editors). Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 14. Bush-shrikes to Old World sparrows. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

Page 585, Lesser Melampitta Melampitta lugubris

Greater Melampitta Melampitta gigantea

The genus Melampitta, previously classified with the Paradisaeidae (Birds-of-paradise), is not a member of that family. In the absence of a clear indication of where this genus belongs, Melampitta is moved to a position of “limbo” (incertae sedis) at the end of the Paradisaeidae.

References:

Barker, F. K., A. Cibois, P. Schikler, J. Feinstein, and J. Cracraft. 2004. Phylogeny and diversification of the largest avian radiation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America 101: 11040-11045.

Irestedt, M, and J.I. Ohlson. 2008. The division of the major songbird radiation into Passerida and “core Corvoidea” (Aves: Passeriformes) – the species tree versus gene trees. Zoologica Scripta 37: 305-313.

Irestedt, M., J. Fuchs, K.A. Jønsson, J.I. Ohlson, E. Pasquet, and P.G.P. Ericson. 2008. The systematic affinity of the enigmatic Lamprolia victoriae (Aves: Passeriformes)—An example of avian dispersal between New Guinea and Fiji over Miocene intermittent land bridges? Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 48: 1218–1222.

 

Page 348, Australasian Bushlark Mirafra javanica

Revise the range statement for subspecies Mirafra javanica soderbergi from “Northern Territory (N Northern Territory)” to “Arnhem Land (northern Northern Territory), Australia.”

Revise the range statement for subspecies Mirafra javanica horsfieldii from “Southeast South Australia)” to “eastern Australia, from ne Queensland (southern Cape York Peninsula) south to se South Australia.”

 

Page 357, Oriental Skylark Alauda gulgula

Revise the range of subspecies Alauda gulgula vernayi from “E Himalayas and adjacent China (ae Xizang and w Yunnan)” to “e Himalayas and adjacent China (se Xizang and w Yunnan).”

 

Pages 354-355, Horned Lark Eremophila alpestris

In accord with nomenclatural priority, change the scientific name for the polytypic group Horned Lark (Western pale Group) from Eremophila alpestris [leucolaema Group] to Eremophila

alpestris [occidentalis Group].

Revise the range of subspecies Eremophila alpestris actia from “Coastal range of s California (Humboldt Co.) to n Baja California” to “coastal range of California to n Baja California.”

 

Page 357, Square-tailed Sawwing Psalidoprocne nitens

Correct the name of subspecies Psalidoprocne nitens cis to Psalidoprocne nitens centralis. Revise the range of Psalidoprocne nitens centralis from “NW Zaire (Tshuapa to Semliki Valley)” to “nw D.R. Congo (Tshuapa to Semliki Valley).”

 

Page 532, Brown Creeper Certhia americana

Add a recently described subspecies, Certhia americana phillipsi Unitt and Rea 1997, with range “resident in Coast Ranges of central California (San Mateo County s to San Luis Obispo County)”. Insert this subspecies between Certhia americana occidentalis and Certhia americana stewarti.

Revise the range of subspecies Certhia americana occidentalis from “Coastal se Alaska to central California” to “Coastal se Alaska to central California (south to Marin County).”

Reference:

Unitt, P., and A.M. Rea. 1997. Taxonomy of the Brown Creeper in California. Pages 177-185 in R.W. Dickerman (editor), The era of Allan R. Phillips: a Festshrift. R. W. Dickerman, Privately printed, Albuquerque, New Mexico.

Pages 388-397, Troglodytidae (Wrens)

Following NACC (Proposal 2011-A-10) and SACC (Proposal 119), based primarily on Barker (2004), the sequence of genera in Troglodytidae (Wrens) is revised. The current sequence of genera is:

Salpinctes

Microcerculus

Odontorchilus

Catherpes

Hylorchilus

Ferminia

Troglodytes

Thryorchilus

Cistothorus

Thryothorus

Thryomanes

Campylorhynchus

Pheugopedius

Thryophilus

Cantorchilus

Cinnycerthia

Uropsila

Henicorhina

Cyphorhinus

Reference:

Barker, F. K. 2004. Monophyly and relationships of wrens (Aves: Troglodytidae): a congruence analysis of heterogeneous mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 31: 486-504.

 

Page 393, Pacific Wren Troglodytes pacificus

Revise the range statement for subspecies Troglodytes pacificus semidiensis from “SE Alaska (Semidi Islands)” to “Semidi Islands (southern Alaska).”

Change the English name for the polytypic group Pacific Wren (Western) (Troglodytes pacificus [pacificus Group]) to Pacific Wren (Southern).

Revise the range of subspecies Troglodytes pacificus salebrosus from “Interior British Columbia to we Montana and e Oregon” to “Interior British Columbia to ne Oregon and w Montana.”

 

Page 395, Sedge Wren Cistothorus platensis

Correct the scientific name of the polytypic group Sedge Wren (platensis Group) from Cistothorus platensis platensis/homensis to Cistothorus platensis platensis/hornensis.

 

Page 392, Carolina Wren Thryothorus ludovicianus

Correct the scientific name of the polytypic group Carolina Wren (White-browed) from Thryothorus ludovicianus [albinucha Group] to Thryothorus ludovicianus albinucha/subfulvus.

 

Page 391, Spot-breasted Wren Pheugopedius maculipectus

Correct a typographic error in the range description of subspecies Pheugopedius maculipectus canobrunneus, and change “SE Mexico (Yucatán Pen. to Petén of Guatemala and n Belize” to “SE Mexico (Yucatán Peninsula) to Petén of Guatemala and n Belize.”

 

Page 388, Brown Dipper Cinclus pallasii

Delete subspecies Cinclus pallasii marila of Taiwan (not of “NE India [Khasi Hills])”, which is merged with nominate Cinclus pallasii pallasii. Revise the range of Cinclus pallasii pallasii from “Mts. of ne Asia, Japan, w China, n Thailand, n Vietnam” to “Mts. of ne Asia, Japan, e and central China, Taiwan, n Thailand, n Vietnam.”

 

Page 380, Golden Greenbul Calyptocichla serina

Change the species name from serina to serinus, following David and Gosselin (2011).

Reference:

David, N., and M. Gosselin. 2011. Gender agreement of avian species-group names under Article 31.2.2 of the ICZN Code. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 131: 103-115.

 

Page 380, Cabanis’s Greenbul Phyllastrephus cabanisi

Move the monotypic group Cabanis’s Greenbul (Placid) (Phyllastrephus cabanisi placidus) to the first position under the species entry, so that it does not interrupt the list of subspecies included in the polytypic group Cabanis’s Greenbul (Cabanis’s) Phyllastrephus cabanisi [cabanisi Group].

 

Page 377, Red-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus cafer

Revise the range description for subspecies Pycnonotus cafer humayuni from “W Pakistan (Salt Range) to nw India” to “Pakistan (Salt Range) and nw India.”

 

Page 432, Mountain Tailorbird Phyllergates cucullatus

Add an overlooked subspecies, Phyllergates cucullatus malayanus (Chasen 1938), with range “Malay Peninsula”. Insert this subspecies between Phyllergates cucullatus thais and Phyllergates cucullatus cucullatus.

 

Pages 428-432, Acrocephalidae (Reed-Warblers and Allies)

The sequence of genera in Acrocephalidae (Reed-Warblers and Allies) is revised, following Fregin et al. (2009); see also Sangster et al. (2011). The genus Chloropeta is dissolved, and two genera are newly recognized. The current sequence of genera in Acrocephalidae (Reed-Warblers and Allies) is:

Nesillas

Calamonastides     newly recognized genus

Iduna     newly recognized genus

Hippolais

Acrocephalus

References:

Fregin, S., M. Haase, U. Olsson, and P. Alström. 2009. Multi-locus phylogeny of the family Acrocephalidae (Aves: Passeriformes) – the traditional taxonomy overthrown. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 52: 866-878.

Sangster, G., J.M. Collinson, P.-A. Crochet, A.G. Knox, D.T. Parkin, L. Svensson, and S.C. Votier. 2011. Taxonomic recommendations for British birds: seventh report. Ibis 153: 883-892.

 

Page 432, Papyrus Yellow Warbler Chloropeta gracilirostris

The genus Chloropeta is dissolved. Papyrus Yellow Warbler (Chloropeta gracilirostris) is placed in the monotypic genus Calamonastides, following Fregin et al. (2009).

“Papyrus Yellow Warbler” is revised to “Papyrus Yellow-Warbler”, to avoid confusion with the Yellow Warbler (Setophaga petechia; Parulidae) of the Western Hemisphere.

Reference:

Fregin, S., M. Haase, U. Olsson, and P. Alström. 2009. Multi-locus phylogeny of the family Acrocephalidae (Aves: Passeriformes) – the traditional taxonomy overthrown. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 52: 866-878.

 

Page 431, Thick-billed Warbler Acrocephalus aedon

Thick-billed Warbler (Acrocephalus aedon) is removed from Acrocephalus and placed in the genus Iduna, following Fregin et al. (2009); see also Sangster el al. (2009).

References:

Fregin, S., M. Haase, U. Olsson, and P. Alström. 2009. Multi-locus phylogeny of the family Acrocephalidae (Aves: Passeriformes) – the traditional taxonomy overthrown. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 52: 866-878.

Sangster, G., J.M. Collinson, P.-A. Crochet, A.G. Knox, D.T. Parkin, L. Svensson, and S.C. Votier. 2011. Taxonomic recommendations for British birds: seventh report. Ibis 153: 883-892.

 

Page 432, Booted Warbler Hippolais caligata

Sykes’s Warbler Hippolais rama

Eastern Olivaceous Warbler Hippolais pallida

Western Olivaceous Warbler Hippolais opaca

Booted Warbler (Hippolais caligata), Sykes’s Warbler (Hippolais rama), Eastern Olivaceous Warbler (Hippolais pallida), and Western Olivaceous Warbler (Hippolais opaca) are removed from Hippilais and placed in the genus Iduna, following Fregin et al. (2009); see also Sangster el al. (2009).

References:

Fregin, S., M. Haase, U. Olsson, and P. Alström. 2009. Multi-locus phylogeny of the family Acrocephalidae (Aves: Passeriformes) – the traditional taxonomy overthrown. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 52: 866-878.

Sangster, G., J.M. Collinson, P.-A. Crochet, A.G. Knox, D.T. Parkin, L. Svensson, and S.C. Votier. 2011. Taxonomic recommendations for British birds: seventh report. Ibis 153: 883-892.

 

Page 432, African Yellow Warbler Chloropeta natalensis

Mountain Yellow Warbler Chloropeta similis

The genus Chloropeta is dissolved. African Yellow Warbler (Chloropeta natalensis) and Mountain Yellow Warbler (Chloropeta similis) are placed in the genus Iduna, following Fregin et al. (2009).

“African Yellow Warbler” is revised to “African Yellow-Warbler”, and “Mountain Yellow Warbler” is revised to “Mountain Yellow-Warbler”, to avoid confusion with the Yellow Warbler (Setophaga petechia; Parulidae) of the Western Hemisphere.

Reference:

Fregin, S., M. Haase, U. Olsson, and P. Alström. 2009. Multi-locus phylogeny of the family Acrocephalidae (Aves: Passeriformes) – the traditional taxonomy overthrown. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 52: 866-878.

 

Page 429, Pallas’s Grasshopper-Warbler Locustella certhiola

Revise the range description for subspecies Locustella certhiola sparsimstriata from “S Siberia to n Altai Mts., Sayan Mts. and Transbaicalia” to “s Siberia to n Altai Mts., Sayan Mts. and Transbaikalia.”

 

Page 429, Pleske’s Warbler Locustella pleskei

Revise the English name of Pleske’s Warbler to Pleske’s Grasshopper-Warbler, to be consistent with Middendorff’s Grasshopper-Warbler.

 

Page 429, Gray’s Warbler Locustella fasciolata

Revise the English name of Gray’s Warbler to Gray’s Grasshopper-Warbler, in accord with regional usage.

References:

Coates, B.J., and K.D. Bishop. 1997. A guide to the birds of Wallacea. Sulawesi, The Moluccas, and Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Dove Publications, Alderley, Queensland.

White, C.M.N., and M.D. Bruce. 1986. The Birds of Wallacea. (Sulawesi, The Moluccas & Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia). British Ornithologists’ Union Check-list number 7. British Ornithologists’ Union, London.

 

Page 429, Sakhalin Warbler Locustella amnicola

Revise the English name of Sakhalin Warbler to Sakhalin Grasshopper-Warbler, to be consistent with Gray’s Grasshopper-Warbler.

 

Page 424, Green-backed Camaroptera Camaroptera brachyura

Our August 2012 update (Clements Checklist 6.6 spreadsheet erred in its delineation of a monotypic Gray-backed group and a polytypic Green-backed group in this species, and completely overlooked the existence of the monotypic Green-tailed group. Instead of being monotypic, the Gray-backed group actually contains 11 subspecies and ranges through much of interior Africa; the Green-backed group (with 5 subspecies) occurs coastally from southern Kenya to South Africa; and the Green-tailed group has a limited range in Gabon and Angola.

To correct this, we add one new monotypic group, Green-backed Camaroptera (Green-tailed) (Camaroptera brachyura harterti).

The monotypic group Green-backed Camaroptera (Gray-backed) (Camaroptera brachyura brevicaudata) becomes the polytypic group Green-backed Camaroptera (Gray-backed) (Camaroptera brachyura [brevicaudata Group]), and includes subspecies brevicaudata, tincta, abessinica, insulata, erlangeri, aschani, griseigula, intercalata, sharpei, transitiva, and beirensis.

The polytypic group Green-backed Camaroptera (Green-backed) (Camaroptera brachyura [brachyura Group]) is restriced to subspecies pileata, fugglescouchmani, bororensis, brachyura, and constans.

 

Page 433, Rufous-tailed Tailorbird Orthotomus sericeus

Revise the range of subspecies Orthotomus sericeus hesperius from “Myanmar to Thailand, Malaysia, Sumatra, Riau and Lingga archs.” to “Myanmar to Thailand, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, and Riau and Lingga archipelagos.”

 

Page 433, Ashy Tailorbird Orthotomus ruficeps

Revise the range of subspecies Orthotomus ruficeps cineraceus from “S Myanmar to Malaysia, Indochina, Sumatra and adjacent islands” to “southern Myanmar to the Malay Peninsula, Indochina, Sumatra and adjacent islands.”

 

Page 419, Brown Prinia Prinia polychroa

Revise the range of subspecies Prinia polychroa rocki from “Laos (Langbian Plateau)” to “Vietnam (Langbian Plateau).”

 

Page 500, Visayan Pygmy-Babbler Sterrhoptilus pygmaeus

Mindanao Pygmy-Babbler Sterrhoptilus plateni

Visayan Pygmy-Babbler (Sterrhoptilus pygmaeus) and Mindanao Pygmy-Babbler (Sterrhoptilus plateni) belong to the genus Dasycrotapha, not Sterrhoptilus, following Moyle et al. (2009). Also, the species name for Visayan Pygmy-Babbler changes from pygmaeus to pygmaea.

Reference:

Moyle, R. G., C. E. Filardi, C. E. Smith, and J. Diamond. 2009. Explosive Pleistocene diversification and hemispheric expansion of a “great speciator.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 106: 1863–1868.

 

Page 552, Yellow-bellied White-eye Zosterops chloris

Revise the English name of Yellow-bellied White-eye to Lemon-bellied White-eye, in accord with regional usage.

References:

Coates, B.J., and K.D. Bishop. 1997. A guide to the birds of Wallacea. Sulawesi, The Moluccas, and Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Dove Publications, Alderley, Queensland.

White, C.M.N., and M.D. Bruce. 1986. The Birds of Wallacea. (Sulawesi, The Moluccas & Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia). British Ornithologists’ Union Check-list number 7. British Ornithologists’ Union, London.

 

Page 554, Solomon Islands White-eye Zosterops rendovae

One of the thorniest issues in avian nomenclature revolves around the scientific names for some white-eyes on the Solomon Islands. Different authors have applied the name Zosterops rendovae to two separate species, one of which has an olive throat, pale tarsi, and a gray or yellow belly, and the other of which has a gray or olive throat, dark tarsi, and a gray belly. Here we follow Dickinson (2003) and Dutson (2011) in completely suppressing the name rendovae. The subspecies name for the population on Rendova Island is changed from rendovae to paradoxus Mees 1955. Consequently we change the scientific and English name of the species with the olive throat and pale tarsi from Solomon Islands White-eye (Zosterops rendovae) to Solomons White-eye (Zosterops kulambangrae).

We would like to think that this will be the end of the story, but note that the name Zosterops rendovae still is in use by some authorities, although for a different species, with the English name of Gray-throated White-eye (e.g. Mees 1961, Sibley and Monroe 1990, van Balen 2008).  We follow Mayr (1967), Dickinson (2003), and Dutson (2011) in using the name Zosterops ugiensis for Gray-throated White-eye, but we can not guarantee that we have selected the correct name – the debate on this question of nomenclature has continued for almost 60 years, and may not yet be over.

References:

van Balen, S. 2008. Family Zosteropidae (White-eyes). Pages 402-485 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 13. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Dickinson, E. C. (editor). 2003. The Howard and Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Third edition. Princeton University Press, New Jersey.

Dutson, G. 2011. Birds of Melanesia: Bismarcks, Solomons, Vanuatu, and New Caledonia. Princeton University Press.

     Mayr, E. 1967. Family Zosteropidae, White-eyes. Indo-Australian taxa. Pages 289-325 in R.A. Paynter, Jr. Check-list of birds of the world. Volume XII. Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Mees, G.F. 1955. The name of the white-eye from Rendova Island (Solomon Islands). Zoologische Mededelingen 33: 299-300.

Mees, G.F. 1961. A systematic review of the Indo-Australian Zosteropidae (Part II). Zoologische Verhandelingen number 50.

Sibley, C.G., and B.L. Monroe, Jr. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut.

 

Page 498, Large Wren-Babbler Turdinus macrodactylus

Correct the spelling of the name of one subspecies from lepidopleura to lepidopleurus.

Reference:

Collar, N.J., and C. Robson. 2007. Family Timaliidae (babblers). Pages 70-291 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume12. Picathartes to Tits and Chickadees. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

Page 491, Orange-breasted Laughingthrush Garrulax annamensis

Revise the range from “Laos (Langbian Plateau)” to “Vietnam (Langbian Plateau).”

 

Page 492, Collared Laughingthrush Garrulax yersini

Revise the range from “S Laos (Langbian Plateau). Status unknown” to “Vietnam (Langbian Plateau).”

 

Page 503, Rufous Chatterer Turdoides rubiginosa

The name Turdoides rubiginosa emini (Reichenow 1907) is preoccupied by Turdoides jardineii emini (Neumann 1904), and is replaced by schnitzeri Deignan 1964.

Reference:

Deignan, H.G. 1964. Subfamily Timaliinae, Babblers. Pages 240-427 in E. Mayr and R.A. Paynter, Jr. (editors), Check-list of birds of the world. Volume X. Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

 

Page 504, Black-lored Babbler Turdoides sharpei

Revise the range of subspecies Turdoides sharpei sharpei from “Lake Turkana to w Rift Valley and n Tanzania (Lake Rukwa)” to “e D.R. Congo east to w Kenya and nw Tanzania, south to sw Tanzania.”

 

Page 496, Rusty-cheeked Scimitar-Babbler Pomatorhinus erythrogenys

Revise the range of subspecies Pomatorhinus erythrogenys erythrogenys from “Himalayas of central Myanmar and nw Thailand” to “Himalayas of ne Pakistan and n India.”

Revise the range of subspecies Pomatorhinus erythrogenys ferrugilatus from “Montane forests of Kashmir to central Nepal” to “Nepal.”

 

Page 448, Asian Brown Flycatcher Muscicapa dauurica

Correct the species name of Asian Brown Flycatcher from dauurica to latirostris, following Mlíkovský (2012). Also, this species is polytypic; two subspecies (siamensis and umbrosa) previously listed under Brown-streaked Flycatcher belong here.

References:

Mlíkovský, J. 2012. Correct name for the Asian Brown Flycatcher (Aves: Muscicapidae, Muscicapa). Zootaxa number 3393: 53-56.

Robson, C. 2000. A guide to the birds of southeast Asia. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Taylor, P.B. 2006. Family Muscicapidae (Old World flycatchers). Pages 56-163 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 11. Old World flycatchers to Old World warblers. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

Page 448, Brown-streaked Flycatcher Muscicapa siamensis

Correct the scientific name of Brown-streaked Flycatcher from Muscicapa siamensis to Muscicapa williamsoni (Deignan 1957, Robson 2000). As noted above, under Asian Brown Flycatcher (Muscicapa dauurica), Brown-streaked Flycatcher is monotypic.

References:

Deignan, H.G. 1957. A new flycatcher from southeastern Asia, with remarks on Muscicapa latirostris Raffles. Ibis 99: 340-344.

Robson, C. 2000. A guide to the birds of southeast Asia. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

Page 452, Large Niltava Niltava grandis

Revise the range of subspecies Niltava grandis decorata from “S Laos (Langbian Plateau)” to “Vietnam (Langbian Plateau).”

 

Page 413, Lesser Shortwing Brachypteryx leucophrys

Revise the range of subspecies Brachypteryx leucophrys langbianensis from “Mountains of s Laos (Langbian Plateau) and s Vietnam” to “mountains of s Laos and s Vietnam.”

 

Page 451, Little Pied Flycatcher Ficedula westermanni

Revise the range of subspecies Ficedula westermanni langbianis from “S Laos (Langbian Plateau) and Vietnam” to “s Laos and s Vietnam.”

 

Page 450, Rufous-gorgeted Flycatcher Ficedula strophiata

Revise the range of subspecies Ficedula strophiata fuscogularis from “S Laos (Langbian Plateau)” to “Vietnam (Langbian Plateau).”

 

Page 450, Snowy-browed Flycatcher Ficedula hyperythra

Revise the range of subspecies Ficedula hyperythra annamensis from “S China (sw Yunnan) and n Laos (Langbian Plateau)” to “Vietnam (Langbian Plateau).”

 

Page 463, Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe

Revise the range of subspecies Oenanthe oenanthe oenanthe from “British Isles to Mediterranean and Siberia; > to c Africa” to “British Isles to Mediterranean, and east to Siberia, Alaska, and nw Canada (Yukon); > to c Africa.”

 

Pages 463-464, Mourning Wheatear Oenanthe lugens

Add the newly described subspecies Oenanthe lugens warriae Shirihai and Kirwan 2011, with range “basalt desert of eastern Jordan and southern Syria”. This subspecies is inserted immediately before Oenanthe lugens persica; reverse the sequence of subspecies Oenanthe lugens halophila and Oenanthe lugens lugens, so that lugens is listed before halophila (and both are before warriae).

Reference:

Shiridai, H., G.M. Kirwan, and A.J. Helbig. 2011. A new taxon in the Mourning Wheatear Oenanthe lugens complex. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 131: 270-291.

 

Pages 402-404, Zoothera thrushes

The genus Zoothera is split into two genera, Geokichla and Zoothera, following Klicka et al. (2005) and Voelker and Klicka (2008); see also Sangster et al. (2011). The sequence of species within Geokichla and Zoothera is revised, following the above references and Outlaw and Voelker (2008).

The following species are moved from Zoothera to Geokichla (and are listed in the new sequence of species):

Siberian Thrush Zoothera sibirica (now Geokichla sibirica)

Pied Thrush Zoothera wardii (now Geokichla wardii)

Spotted Ground-Thrush Zoothera guttata (now Geokichla guttata)

Black-eared Ground-Thrush Zoothera camaronensis (now Geokichla camaronensis)

Gray Ground-Thrush Zoothera princei (now Geokichla princei)

Crossley’s Ground-Thrush Zoothera crossleyi (now Geokichla crossleyi)

Oberlaender’s Ground-Thrush Zoothera oberlaenderi (now Geokichla oberlaenderi)

Abyssinian Ground-Thrush Zoothera piaggiae (now Geokichla piaggiae)

Kivu Ground-Thrush Zoothera tanganjicae (now Geokichla tanganjicae)

Orange Ground-Thrush Zoothera gurneyi (now Geokichla gurneyi)

Spot-winged Thrush Zoothera spiloptera (now Geokichla spiloptera)

Ashy Thrush Zoothera cinerea (now Geokichla cinerea)

Buru Thrush Zoothera dumasi (now Geokichla dumasi)

Seram Thrush Zoothera joiceyi (now Geokichla joiceyi)

Chestnut-capped Thrush Zoothera interpres (now Geokichla interpres)

Enggano Thrush Zoothera leucolaema (now Geokichla leucolaema)

Chestnut-backed Thrush Zoothera dohertyi (now Geokichla dohertyi)

Orange-banded Thrush Zoothera peronii (now Geokichla peronii)

Slaty-backed Thrush Zoothera schistacea (now Geokichla schistacea)

Rusty-backed Thrush Zoothera erythronota (now Geokichla erythronota)

Red-and-black Thrush Zoothera mendeni (now Geokichla mendeni)

Orange-headed Thrush Zoothera citrina (now Geokichla citrina)

References:

Klicka, J., G. Voelker, and G.M. Spellman. 2005.A molecular phylogenetic analysis of the ‘‘true thrushes’’ (Aves: Turdinae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 34: 486–500.

Sangster, G., J.M. Collinson, P.-A. Crochet, A.G. Knox, D.T. Parkin, L. Svensson, and S.C. Votier. 2011. Taxonomic recommendations for British birds: seventh report. Ibis 153: 883-892.

Voelker, G., and J. Klicka. 2008. Systematics of Zoothera thrushes, and a synthesis of true thrush molecular systematic relationships. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 49: 377–381.

Voelke, G., and R.K. Outlaw. 2008. Establishing a perimeter position: speciation around the Indian Ocean Basin. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 21: 1779–1788.

 

Page 407, Groundscraper Thrush Psophocichla litsipsirupa

Correct the spelling of the species name from litsipsirupa to litsitsirupa, following Cole (1984).

Reference:

Cole, D. 1984. The specific epithet of Turdus litsitsirupa (Smith). Bokmakierie 36:11-12.

 

Page 408, Kurrichane Thrush Turdus libonyanus

Change the species name from libonyanus to libonyana, following David and Gosselin (2011).

Reference:

David, N., and M. Gosselin. 2011. Gender agreement of avian species-group names under Article 31.2.2 of the ICZN Code. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 131: 103-115.

 

Page 409, Indian Blackbird Turdus simillimus

The correct spelling of the species name is simillimus (in the Clements Checklist 6.6 spreadsheet, we spelled it correctly in the entry for the species, but misspelled it as simmillimus in the subspecies entries).

Page 409, Island Thrush Turdus poliocephalus

Subspecies Turdus poliocephalus mareensis has been extinct since the early 20th century but had not previously been marked as extinct. Revise the range from “Maré (Loyalty Islands).” to “Maré (Loyalty Islands). Extinct”. We use an extinction year of 1910 in the “Extinct Year” column.

Also, revise the (estimated) date of extinction for Turdus poliocephalus poliocephalus to 1975, and of subspecies Turdus poliocephalus vinitinctus to 1924.

Reference:

Collar, N.J. 2006. Family Turdidae (thrushes). Pages 514-807 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 10. Cuckoo-shrikes to thrushes. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

Page 404, Forest Thrush Turdus lherminieri

The name lawrencii (Cory 1891), for the subspecies of Forest Thrush found on Montserrat, is preoccupied by the name Turdus lawrencii Coues 1880 (for Lawrence’s Thrush), and so is replaced by the name Turdus ilherminieri montserrati Zuccon 2011.

Reference:

Zuccon, D. 2011. A new name for the Monserrat Forest Thrush. Bulletin of the British Ornithologist’s Club 131: 199-200.

 

Pages 543-545, spiderhunters Arachnothera

The sequence of species within the genus Arachnothera is revised, following Moyle et al. (2011).

Reference:

Moyle, R.G., S.S. Taylor, C.H. Oliveros, H.C. Lim, C.L. Haines, M.A. Rahman, and F.H. Sheldon. 2011. Diversification of an endemic Southeast Asian genus: phylogenetic relationships of the spiderhunters (Nectariniidae: Arachnothera). Auk 128: 777-788.

 

Page 535, Purple-naped Sunbird Hypogramma hypogrammicum

Purple-naped Sunbird (Hypogramma hypogrammicum) is embedded within the genus Arachnothera, and becomes Arachnothera hypogrammicum, following Moyle et al. (2011). Position this species between Little Spiderhunter (Arachnothera longirostra) and Whitehead’s Spiderhunter (Arachnothera juliae). Change the English name from Purple-naped Sunbird to Purple-naped Spiderhunter.

Reference:

Moyle, R.G., S.S. Taylor, C.H. Oliveros, H.C. Lim, C.L. Haines, M.A. Rahman, and F.H. Sheldon. 2011. Diversification of an endemic Southeast Asian genus: phylogenetic relationships of the spiderhunters (Nectariniidae: Arachnothera). Auk 128: 777-788.

 

Page 637, White Wagtail Motacilla alba

Correct the scientific name of the group White Wagtail (White-faced) from Motacilla alba alba/dukunensis to Motacilla alba alba/dukhunensis.

 

Page 364, Long-billed Pipit Anthus similis

Add subspecies chyuluensis, with range “Kenya and n Tanzania”. This subspecies was considered a synonym of Anthus similis hararensis by Vaurie et al. (1960), but is recognized as distinct by several recent authorities (e.g., Fry et al. 1992, Dickinson 2003). Revise the range of hararensis from “Highlands of Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya and Tanzania” to “highlands of Eritrea and Ethiopia.”

References:

Dickinson, E. C. (editor). 2003. The Howard and Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Third edition. Princeton University Press, New Jersey.

Fry, C.H., D.J. Pearson, and P.B. Taylor. 1992. Motacillidae, wagtails, pipits and longclaws. Pages 197-263 in S. Keith, E.K. Urban, and C.H. Fry (editors), The birds of Africa. Volume IV. Academic Press, London and New York, New York.

Vaurie, C.H., C.M.N. White, E. Mayr, and J.C. Greenway, Jr. 1960. Family Motacillidae. Pages 129-167 in E. Mayr and J.C. Greenway, Jr. (editors), Check-list of birds of the world. Volume IX. Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Page 645, Golden-crowned Warbler Basileuterus culicivorus

Subspecies Basileuterus culicivorus occultus and Basileuterus culicivorus austerus are moved from the polytypic group Golden-crowned Warbler (Golden-crowned) Basileuterus culicivorus [auricapillus Group] to the polytypic group Golden-crowned Warbler (Cabanis’s) Basileuterus culicivorus [cabanisi Group].

 

Pages 644-646, Myiothlypis warblers

In Clements Checklist 6.6 we transferred a suite of species of Basileuterus to the genus Myiothlypis, based on Lovette et al. (2010). In so doing, we overlooked a clear warning in that paper that “Because Basileuterus is masculine but Myiothlypis feminine, this change requires changing the gender of some of the specific names in this group.” Consequently, correct the following species and subspecies names:

Citrine Warbler Myiothlypis luteoviridis

Myiothlypis luteoviridis quindianus changes to Myiothlypis luteoviridis quindiana

 

Flavescent Warbler Myiothlypis flaveolus

Myiothlypis flaveolus changes to Myiothlypis flaveola

Myiothlypis flaveolus flaveolus changes to Myiothlypis flaveola flaveola

 

White-browed Warbler Myiothlypis leucoblepharus

Myiothlypis leucoblepharus changes to Myiothlypis leucoblephara

 

Pale-legged Warbler Myiothlypis signatus

Myiothlypis signatus changes to Myiothlypis signata

Myiothlypis signatus signatus changes to Myiothlypis signata signata

 

Black-crested Warbler Myiothlypis nigrocristatus

Myiothlypis nigrocristatus changes to Myiothlypis nigrocristata

 

Two-banded Warbler Myiothlypis bivittatus

Myiothlypis bivittatus changes to Myiothlypis bivittata

Myiothlypis bivittatus bivittatus changes to Myiothlypis bivittata bivittata

 

Gray-throated Warbler Myiothlypis cinereicollis

Myiothlypis cinereicollis pallidulus changes to Myiothlypis cinereicollis pallidula

 

White-lored Warbler Myiothlypis conspicillatus

Myiothlypis conspicillatus changes to Myiothlypis conspicillata

 

Russet-crowned Warbler Myiothlypis coronatus

Myiothlypis coronatus changes to Myiothlypis coronata

Myiothlypis coronatus elatus changes to Myiothlypis coronata elata

Myiothlypis coronatus coronatus changes to Myiothlypis coronata coronata

Myiothlypis coronatus notius changes to Myiothlypis coronata notia

 

Thraupidae (Tanagers and Allies)

The sequence of genera within Thraupidae (Tanagers and Allies) is revised, to agree with that currently adopted by SACC. This sequence perhaps is provisional. Thraupidae recently has been expanded considerably by the inclusion of many new genera previously classified in Emberizidae (Buntings and New World Sparrows) (see FAMILIES (composition)), but the sequence adopted here does not yet completely reflect phylogenetic relationships within the expanded version of Thraupidae.

The current sequence of genera in Thraupidae (Tanagers and Allies) is:

Orchesticus

Paroaria

Schistochlamys

Cissopis

Neothraupis

Conothraupis

Lamprospiza

Compsothraupis

Sericossypha

Nemosia

Creurgops

Orthogonys

Hemispingus

Cnemoscopus

Thlypopsis

Pyrrhocoma

Cypsnagra

Nephelornis

Trichothraupis

Eucometis

Tachyphonus

Lanio

Ramphocelus

Thraupis

Calochaetes

Cyanicterus

Bangsia

Wetmorethraupis

Buthraupis

Anisognathus

Chlorornis

Dubusia

Delothraupis

Stephanophorus

Iridosornis

Pipraeidea

Chlorochrysa

Tangara

Tersina

Dacnis

Cyanerpes

Chlorophanes

Iridophanes

Heterospingus

Hemithraupis

Chrysothlypis

Conirostrum

Oreomanes

Xenodacnis

Diglossa

Catamblyrhynchus

Urothraupis

Porphyrospiza

Phrygilus

Idiopsar

Diuca

Melanodera

Haplospiza

Acanthidops

Lophospingus

Donacospiza

Rowettia

Nesospiza

Piezorhina

Xenospingus

Incaspiza

Poospiza

Compsospiza

Sicalis

Emberizoides

Embernagra

Volatinia

Sporophila

Oryzoborus

Dolospingus

Catamenia

Charitospiza

Coryphaspiza

Coryphospingus

Rhodospingus

Gubernatrix

Coereba

Tiaris

Euneornis

Loxigilla

Melopyrrha

Loxipasser

Melanospiza

Pinaroloxias

Certhidea

Platyspiza

Camarhynchus

Geospiza

Parkerthraustes

Nesospingus

Phaenicophilus

Calyptophilus

Spindalis

Mitrospingus

Rhodinocichla

Saltator

Saltatricula

 

Pages 650-651, Black-eared Hemispingus Hemispingus melanotis

Add subspecies macrophrys to the group Black-eared Hemispingus (Piura)           Hemispingus melanotis piurae; change the scientific name of the group to Hemispingus melanotis piurae/macrophrys.

 

Page 655, Blue-gray Tanager Thraupis episcopus

Change the name of a subspecies from nesophilus to nesophila, following David and Gosselin (2011).

Reference:

David, N., and M. Gosselin. 2011. Gender agreement of avian species-group names under Article 31.2.2 of the ICZN Code. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 131: 103-115.

 

Page 673, Peg-billed Finch Acanthidops bairdii

Correct the spelling of the species name to bairdi, as explained in NACC Proposal 2009-A-13.

 

Pages 659-662, genus Tangara

The sequence of species within Tangara is revised, following Burns and Naoki (2004), summarized in SACC Proposal 291.

Reference:

Burns, K.J., and K. Naoki. 2004. Molecular phylogenetics and biogeography of Neotropical tanagers in the genus Tangara. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 32: 838-854.

 

Page 649, Phelps’s Brush-Finch Arremon perijanus

Change the English name from Phelps’s Brush-Finch to Perija Brush-Finch, following SACC (SACC Proposal 487).

 

Page 677, Rufous-naped Brush-Finch Atlapetes rufinucha

Change the English name from Rufous-naped Brush-Finch to Bolivian Brush-Finch, following SACC (SACC Proposal 471).

 

Page 683, Sage Sparrow Amphispiza belli

Sage Sparrow is transferred to the newly described genus Artemisiospiza Klicka and Banks 2011, following NACC Proposal 2011-A-3.

Reference:

Klicka, J, and R.C. Banks. 2011. A generic name for some sparrows (Aves: Emberizidae).  Zootaxa number 2793:67-68.

 

Page 684, Fox Sparrow Passerella iliaca

Change the scientific name of subspecies Passerella iliaca ridgwayi to Passerella iliaca insularis; if this species is classified in the genus Zonotrichia (as in Paynter 1970), then the name insularis is preoccupied, but insularis is an available name when the species is retained in Passerella.

Transfer subspecies Passerella iliaca altivagans from the polytypic group Fox Sparrow (Thick-billed) Passerella iliaca [megarhyncha Group] to the polytypic group Fox Sparrow (Slate-colored) Passerella iliaca [schistacea Group].

Reference:

Paynter, R.A., Jr. 1970. Subfamily Emberizinae, buntings and American sparrows. Pages 3-214 in R.A. Paynter, Jr. (editor), Check-list of birds of the world. Volume XIII. Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

 

Page 694, Shiny Cowbird Molothrus bonariensis

Revise the range of subspecies Molothrus bonariensis minimus from “L Antilles (n to Martinique), Trinidad, Tobago, Guianas, n Brazil” to “West Indies, Trinidad, Tobago, Guianas, and northern Brazil; local in s Florida.”

 

Page 696, Hooded Oriole Icterus cucullatus

Correct the scientific name of the polytypic group Hooded Oriole (Eastern) from Icterus cucullatus [cucullatus Group] to Icterus cucullatus cucullatus/sennetti.

 

Pages 636-637, bullfinches Pyrrhula spp.

Bullfinches (Pyrrhula) are sister to the genus Pinicola and are moved to a new position between Pinicola and Haemorhous (a newly recognized genus, the species of which formerly were included in Carpodacus: see below). This action is based on NACC Proposal 2011-C-13, following Lerner et al. (2011) and Zuccon et al. (2012).

References:

Lerner, H. R. L., M. Meyer, H.F. James, M. Hofreiter, and R.C. Fleischer. 2011. Multilocus resolution of phylogeny and timescale in the extant adaptive radiation of Hawaiian honeycreepers. Current Biology 21: 1838-1844.

Zuccon, D., R. Prŷs-Jones, P.C. Rasmussen, and P.G.P. Ericson. 2012. The phylogenetic relationships and generic limits of finches (Fringillidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 62: 581-596.

 

Page 629, Purple Finch Carpodacus purpureus

Cassin’s Finch Carpodacus cassinii

House Finch Carpodacus mexicanus

The three North American species of Carpodacus are not closely related to Old World species of Carpodacus, and are transferred to the genus Haemorhous. This action is based on NACC Proposal 2011-C-12, following Arnaiz-Villena et al. (2007), Lerner et al. (2011) and Zuccon et al. (2012). Move Haemorhous to a new position, immediately preceding Carpodacus.

References:

Arnaiz-Villena, A., J. Moscoso, V. Ruiz-del-Falle, J. Gonzalez, R. Reguera, M. Wink, and J. I. Serrano-Vela. 2007. Bayesian phylogeny of Fringillinae birds: status of the singular African oriole finch Linurgus olivaceus and evolution and heterogeneity of the genus Carpodacus. Acta Zoologia Sinica 53: 826-834.

Lerner, H. R. L., M. Meyer, H.F. James, M. Hofreiter, and R.C. Fleischer. 2011. Multilocus resolution of phylogeny and timescale in the extant adaptive radiation of Hawaiian honeycreepers. Current Biology 21: 1838-1844.

Zuccon, D., R. Prŷs-Jones, P.C. Rasmussen, and P.G.P. Ericson. 2012. The phylogenetic relationships and generic limits of finches (Fringillidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 62: 581-596.

 

Page 630, Spotted Rosefinch Carpodacus severtzowi

Correct the spelling of the species name from severtzowi to severtzovi.

Also, when we split Spotted Rosefinch (Carpodacus severtzovi) from Great Rosefinch (Carpodacus rubicilla), we incorrectly left two subspecies with Great Rosefinch. We now move these two subspecies (diabolicus and kobsensis) to the correct species, Spotted Rosefinch. Great Rosefinch is monotypic.

 

Page 633, European Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis

Carduelis carduelis brevirostris Zarudny 1889 is preoccupied by Carduelis flavirostris brevirostris (Moore 1856), a subspecies of Twite (Carduelis flavirostris), and so Carduelis carduelis brevirostris is replaced by the name Carduelis carduelis colchicus Koudashev 1915.

 

Page 634, Mountain Serin Serinus estherae

The name Serinus estherae orientalis Chasen 1940 is preoccupied by Serinus orientalis Brehm 1831 (which now is considered to be a synonym of Serinus serinus, European Serin), and so Serinus estherae orientalis is replaced by the name Serinus estherae chaseni Kinzelbach, Dickinson, and Somadikarta 2009.

Reference:

Kinzelbach, R., E.C.Dickinson, and S. Somadikarta 2009. A substitute name for Serinus estherae orientalis Chasen. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 129: 63-64.

 

Page 639, Apapane Himatione sanguinea

The range of subspecies Himatione sanguinea sanguinea is “Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Maui, and Hawaii (Hawaiian Islands).”

Correct the name of subspecies Himatione sanguinea freethii to Himatione sanguinea fraithii, following Pyle (2011). The range of this subspecies is “Laysan (Hawaiian Islands)”; it now is extinct, as it last was reported in 1923.

Reference:

Pyle, P. 2011. Nomenclature of the Laysan Honeycreeper Himatione [sanguinea] fraithii. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 131: 116-117.

 

Page 611, Pale-fronted Negrofinch Nigrita luteifrons

Gray-headed Negrofinch Nigrita canicapillus

Chestnut-breasted Negrofinch Nigrita bicolor

White-breasted Negrofinch Nigrita fusconotus

Change the English name for all species of Nigrita from negrofinch to nigrita, following regional usage (e.g. Sinclair and Ryan 2003, 2010).

References:

Sinclair, I., and P. Ryan. 2003. Birds of Africa south of the Sahara. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Sinclair, I., and P. Ryan. 2010. Birds of Africa south of the Sahara. Second edition. Struik Nature, Cape Town.

 

Page 612, Common Waxbill Estrilda astrild

Revise the range of subspecies Estrilda astrild astrild from “W South Africa and se Botswana” to “W South Africa and se Botswana. This species also is introduced on Trinidad and in Brazil.”

 

Page 617, Blue-faced Parrotfinch Erythrura trichroa

Change the name of subspecies sigillifera to sigillifer, following David and Gosselin (2011).

Reference:

David, N., and M. Gosselin. 2011. Gender agreement of avian species-group names under Article 31.2.2 of the ICZN Code. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 131: 103-115.

 

Page 619, Five-colored Munia Lonchura quinticolor

Five-colored Munia is monotypic (White and Bruce 1986). Subspecies wallacii, sumbae, and quinticolor are deleted. Revise the range of Lonchura quinticolor to “Lesser Sundas.”

Reference:

White, C.M.N., and M.D. Bruce. 1986. The Birds of Wallacea. (Sulawesi, The Moluccas & Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia). British Ornithologists’ Union Check-list number 7. British Ornithologists’ Union, London.

 

GROUPS

 

GROUPS – newly created groups

 

Southern Brown Kiwi (South Island)   Apteryx australis australis

Southern Brown Kiwi (Stewart Island)   Apteryx australis lawryi

Black-bellied Whistling-Duck (Northern)   Dendrocygna autumnalis autumnalis

Black-bellied Whistling-Duck (Southern)   Dendrocygna autumnalis discolor

Andean Teal (Merida)   Anas andium altipetens

Andean Teal (Andean)   Anas andium andium

Spix’s Guan (Grant’s)   Penelope jacquacu granti

Spix’s Guan (Spix’s)   Penelope jacquacu [jacquacu Group]

Blue-throated Piping-Guan (Blue-throated)   Pipile cumanensis cumanensis

Blue-throated Piping-Guan (White-throated)   Pipile cumanensis grayi

Red-throated Piping-Guan (White-crested)   Pipile cujubi cujubi

Red-throated Piping-Guan (Gray-crested)   Pipile cujubi nattereri

Crested Guineafowl (Kenya)   Guttera pucherani pucherani

Crested Guineafowl (Crested)   Guttera pucherani [edouardi Group]

Wilson’s Storm-Petrel (Wilson’s)   Oceanites oceanicus oceanicus/exasperatus

Wilson’s Storm-Petrel (Fuegian)   Oceanites oceanicus chilensis

Yellow-crowned Night-Heron (Yellow-crowned)   Nyctanassa violacea [violacea Group]

Yellow-crowned Night-Heron (Galapagos)   Nyctanassa violacea pauper

Lammergeier (Lammergeier)   Gypaetus barbatus barbatus

Lammergeier (Baardaasvoel)   Gypaetus barbatus meridionalis

White-bellied Bustard (White-bellied)   Eupodotis senegalensis [senegalensis group]

White-bellied Bustard (Barrow’s)   Eupodotis senegalensis barrowii

Clapper Rail (Caribbean)   Rallus longirostris [caribaeus Group]

Clapper Rail (Cyperet’s)   Rallus longirostris cypereti

Clapper Rail (Central American)   Rallus longirostris [pallidus Group]

Clapper Rail (South American)   Rallus longirostris [longirostris Group]

Common Gallinule (Altiplano)   Gallinula galeata garmani

Pale-winged Trumpeter (Ochre-winged)   Psophia leucoptera ochroptera

Pale-winged Trumpeter (White-winged)   Psophia leucoptera leucoptera

Dark-winged Trumpeter (Green-backed)   Psophia viridis viridis

Dark-winged Trumpeter (Dusky-backed)   Psophia viridis dextralis

Dark-winged Trumpeter (Black-backed)   Psophia viridis obscura

Kentish Plover (White-faced)   Charadrius alexandrinus dealbatus

Wattled Jacana (Black-backed)   Jacana jacana hypomelaena

Wattled Jacana (Chestnut-backed)   Jacana jacana [jacana Group]

Rock Pratincole (Rufous-naped)   Glareola nuchalis liberiae

Rock Pratincole (White-naped)   Glareola nuchalis nuchalis

Spot-winged Pigeon (albipennis)   Patagioenas maculosa albipennis

Spot-winged Pigeon (maculosa)   Patagioenas maculosa maculosa

Vermiculated Screech-Owl (Choco)   Megascops guatemalae centralis

Brown Fish-Owl (Western)   Ketupa zeylonensis semenowi

Brown Fish-Owl (Eastern)   Ketupa zeylonensis [zeylonensis Group]

Mottled Owl (Mottled)   Ciccaba virgata [virgata Group]

Mottled Owl (Atlantic Forest)   Ciccaba virgata borelliana

Purple-throated Sunangel (Purple-throated)   Heliangelus viola viola

Purple-throated Sunangel (Brilliant)   Heliangelus viola splendidus/pyropus

Plovercrest (Emerald-crested)   Stephanoxis lalandi lalandi

Plovercrest (Violet-crested)   Stephanoxis lalandi loddigesii

Surucua Trogon (Orange-bellied)   Trogon surrucura aurantius

Surucua Trogon (Red-bellied)   Trogon surrucura surrucura

Common Kingfisher (Common)   Alcedo atthis [atthis Group]

Common Kingfisher (Cobalt-eared)   Alcedo atthis hispidoides/solomonensis

Sulawesi Hornbill (Dwarf)   Penelopides exarhatus exarhatus

Sulawesi Hornbill (Sanford’s)   Penelopides exarhatus sanfordi

Green Barbet (Green)   Stactolaema olivacea olivacea

Green Barbet (Howell’s)   Stactolaema olivacea howelli

Green Barbet (Woodward’s)   Stactolaema olivacea woodwardi

Green Barbet (Malawi)   Stactolaema olivacea rungweensis/belcheri

Chestnut-tipped Toucanet (Chestnut-tipped)   Aulacorhynchus derbianus derbianus

Chestnut-tipped Toucanet (Whitely’s)   Aulacorhynchus derbianus [whitelianus Group]

Channel-billed Toucan (Citron-throated)   Ramphastos vitellinus citreolaemus

Channel-billed Toucan (Yellow-ridged)   Ramphastos vitellinus culminatus/pintoi

Channel-billed Toucan (Channel-billed)   Ramphastos vitellinus vitellinus

Channel-billed Toucan (Ariel)   Ramphastos vitellinus ariel

Great Spotted Woodpecker (Great Spotted)   Dendrocopos major [major group]

Great Spotted Woodpecker (Canarian)   Dendrocopos major canariensis/thanneri

Great Spotted Woodpecker (Atlas)   Dendrocopos major numidus/mauritanus

Campo Flicker (Campo)   Colaptes campestris campestris

Campo Flicker (Field)   Colaptes campestris campestroides

Green Woodpecker (Mesopotamian)   Picus viridis innominatus

American Kestrel (South American)   Falco sparverius [cinnamonimus Group]

American Kestrel (Juan Fernandez)   Falco sparverius fernandensis

Peregrine Falcon (African)   Falco peregrinus minor

Peregrine Falcon (Malagasian)   Falco peregrinus radama

Port Lincoln Parrot (Twenty-eight)   Barnardius zonarius semitorquatus

Port Lincoln Parrot (Port Lincoln)   Barnardius zonarius occidentalis/zonarius

Burrowing Parakeet (Olive)   Cyanoliseus patagonus andinus

Burrowing Parakeet (Burrowing)   Cyanoliseus patagonus patagonus/conlara

Burrowing Parakeet (Chilean)   Cyanoliseus patagonus bloxami

Maroon-bellied Parakeet (Maroon-tailed)   Pyrrhura frontalis frontalis

Maroon-bellied Parakeet (Green-tailed)   Pyrrhura frontalis chiripepe

Maroon-tailed Parakeet (Choco)   Pyrrhura melanura pacifica

Maroon-tailed Parakeet (Maroon-tailed)   Pyrrhura melanura [melanura Group]

Blue-crowned Parakeet (Blue-crowned)   Aratinga acuticaudata [acuticaudata Group]

Blue-crowned Parakeet (Highland)  Aratinga acuticaudata neumanni

Chestnut-tailed Antbird (hemimelaena)   Myrmeciza hemimelaena hemimelaena

Chestnut-tailed Antbird (pallens)   Myrmeciza hemimelaena pallens

Immaculate Antbird (Central American)   Myrmeciza immaculata zeledoni

Immaculate Antbird (Choco)   Myrmeciza immaculata macrorhyncha

Immaculate Antbird (Andean)   Myrmeciza immaculata immaculata/brunnea

Immaculate Antbird (Concepcion)   Myrmeciza immaculata concepcion

Spotted Antpitta (Spotted)   Hylopezus macularius macularius

Spotted Antpitta (Zimmer’s) Hylopezus macularius dilutus

Spotted Antpitta (Snethlages)   Hylopezus macularius paraensis

Tawny-throated Leaftosser (Mexican)   Sclerurus mexicanus mexicanus

Tawny-throated Leaftosser (Costa Rican)   Sclerurus mexicanus pullus

Tawny-throated Leaftosser (Andean)   Sclerurus mexicanus andinus

Tawny-throated Leaftosser (Dusky)   Sclerurus mexicanus obscurior

Tawny-throated Leaftosser (Amazonian)   Sclerurus mexicanus peruvianus

Tawny-throated Leaftosser (Guianan)   Sclerurus mexicanus macconnelli

Tawny-throated Leaftosser (Atlantic)   Sclerurus mexicanus bahiae

Fuscous Flycatcher (Campina)   Cnemotriccus fuscatus duidae

Fuscous Flycatcher (Fuscous)   Cnemotriccus fuscatus [fuscatus Group]

Nutting’s Flycatcher (West Mexican)   Myiarchus nuttingi inquietus

Nutting’s Flycatcher (Southern)   Myiarchus nuttingi nuttingi/flavidior

Northern Schiffornis (Northern)   Schiffornis veraepacis [veraepacis Group]

Scarlet Minivet (Philippine Red)   Pericrocotus flammeus leytensis/novus

Scarlet Minivet (Philippine Yellow)   Pericrocotus flammeus [marchesae Group]

Scarlet Minivet (Javan)   Pericrocotus flammeus exul/siebersi

New Caledonian Whistler (New Caledonian)   Pachycephala caledonica caledonica/littayei

New Caledonian Whistler (Vanuatu)   Pachycephala caledonica [chlorura Group]

Golden Whistler (Balim Valley)  Pachycephala pectoralis balim

Golden Whistler (Eastern)   Pachycephala pectoralis [pectoralis Group]

Golden Whistler (Western)   Pachycephala pectoralis fuliginosa

Gray Whistler (Gray)   Pachycephala simplex/dubia

Gray Whistler (Gray-headed)   Pachycephala simplex [griseiceps Group]

Ashy Drongo (Blackish)   Dicrurus leucophaeus longicaudatus/nigrescens

Ashy Drongo (Sooty)   Dicrurus leucophaeus [leucophaeus Group]

Ashy Drongo (Chinese White-faced)   Dicrurus leucophaeus leucogenis/salangensis

Ashy Drongo (Island White-faced)   Dicrurus leucophaeus periophthalmicus/siberu

Ashy Drongo (Bornean)   Dicrurus leucophaeus stigmatops

White-bellied Drongo (White-bellied)   Dicrurus caerulescens caerulescens

White-bellied Drongo (White-vented)   Dicrurus caerulescens leucopygialis/insularis

Balicassiao (Balicassiao)   Dicrurus balicassius balicassius/abraensis

Balicassiao (Visayan)   Dicrurus balicassius mirabilis

Spectacled Monarch (Obi)   Symposiachrus trivirgatus diadematus

Spectacled Monarch (Seram)   Symposiachrus trivirgatus nigrimentum

Spectacled Monarch (Australian)   Symposiachrus trivirgatus gouldii/melanorrhous

Cape Clapper Lark (Cape)   Mirafra apiata apiata

Cape Clapper Lark (Agulhas)   Mirafra apiata marjoriae

Barlow’s Lark (Barlow’s)   Calendulauda barlowi barlowi

Barlow’s Lark (Coastal)   Calendulauda barlowi patae

Barlow’s Lark (Cave’s)   Calendulauda barlowi cavei

African Penduline-Tit (Buff-bellied)   Anthoscopus caroli sylviella

Firecrest (Madeira)   Regulus ignicapilla madeirensis

Firecrest (European)   Regulus ignicapilla ignicapilla/balearica

Island Leaf-Warbler (Halmahera)   Phylloscopus poliocephalus henrietta

Island Leaf-Warbler (Bacan)   Phylloscopus poliocephalus waterstradti

Island Leaf-Warbler (Buru)   Phylloscopus poliocephalus everetti

Island Leaf-Warbler (Seram)   Phylloscopus poliocephalus ceramensis

Island Leaf-Warbler (Kai)   Phylloscopus poliocephalus avicola

Island Leaf-Warbler (Numfor)   Phylloscopus poliocephalus maforensis

Island Leaf-Warbler (Biak)   Phylloscopus poliocephalus misoriensis

Island Leaf-Warbler (New Guinea)   Phylloscopus poliocephalus [poliocephalus Group]

Island Leaf-Warbler (South Pacific)   Phylloscopus poliocephalus [matthiae Group]

Yellow-breasted Apalis (Brown-tailed)   Apalis flavida flavocincta

Green-backed Camaroptera (Green-tailed)   Camaroptera brachyura harterti

Broad-ringed White-eye (Kulal)   Zosterops poliogastrus kulalensis

Short-tailed Scimitar-Babbler (Short-tailed)   Jabouilleia danjoui danjoui/parvirostris

Short-tailed Scimitar-Babbler (Naung Mung)   Jabouilleia danjoui naungmungensis

Black-lored Babbler (Sharpe’s)   Turdoides sharpei sharpei

Black-lored Babbler (Nanyuki)   Turdoides sharpei vepres

Pale Flycatcher (Wajir)   Bradornis pallidus bafirawari

Pale Flycatcher (East Coast)   Bradornis pallidus subalaris

Red-backed Scrub-Robin (White-winged)   Cercotrichas leucophrys leucoptera

Common Redstart (Common)   Phoenicurus phoenicurus phoenicurus

Common Redstart (Ehrenberg’s)   Phoenicurus phoenicurus samamisicus

Forest Rock-Thrush (Amber Mountain)   Monticola sharpei erythronotus

Forest Rock-Thrush (Forest)   Monticola sharpei sharpei

Forest Rock-Thrush (Benson’s)   Monticola sharpei bensoni

Island Thrush (Christmas)   Turdus poliocephalus erythropleurus

Island Thrush (Loeser’s)   Turdus poliocephalus loeseri

Island Thrush (Sumatran)   Turdus poliocephalus indrapurae

Island Thrush (Javan)   Turdus poliocephalus javanicus/biesenbachi

Island Thrush (Sooty)   Turdus poliocephalus fumidus

Island Thrush (Stresemann’s)   Turdus poliocephalus stresemanni/whiteheadi

Island Thrush (Bornean)   Turdus poliocephalus seebohmi

Island Thrush (Taiwan)   Turdus poliocephalus niveiceps

Island Thrush (Luzon)   Turdus poliocephalus thomassoni/mayonensis

Island Thrush (Mindoro)   Turdus poliocephalus mindorensis

Island Thrush (Negros)   Turdus poliocephalus nigrorum

Island Thrush (Malindang)   Turdus poliocephalus malindangensis

Island Thrush (Katanglad)   Turdus poliocephalus katanglad

Island Thrush (Keller’s)   Turdus poliocephalus kelleri

Island Thrush (Latimojong)   Turdus poliocephalus hygroscopus

Island Thrush (Celeb)   Turdus poliocephalus celebensis

Island Thrush (Schlegel’s)   Turdus poliocephalus schlegelii

Island Thrush (Sterling’s)   Turdus poliocephalus sterlingi

Island Thrush (Seram)   Turdus poliocephalus deningeri

Island Thrush (Jayawijaya)   Turdus poliocephalus versteegi

Island Thrush (Ashy)   Turdus poliocephalus carbonarius

Island Thrush (Papuan)   Turdus poliocephalus papuensis

Island Thrush (Goodenough)   Turdus poliocephalus canescens

Island Thrush (Australasian)   Turdus poliocephalus [heinrothi Group]

Island Thrush (Kulambangra)   Turdus poliocephalus kulambangrae

Island Thrush (Vanuatu)   Turdus poliocephalus [vanikorensis Group]

Island Thrush (Ureparapara)   Turdus poliocephalus placens

Island Thrush (Efate)   Turdus poliocephalus efatensis

Island Thrush (White-headed)   Turdus poliocephalus pritzbueri/albifrons

Island Thrush (New Caledonia)   Turdus poliocephalus xanthopus

Island Thrush (Mare)   Turdus poliocephalus mareensis

Island Thrush (Norfolk Island)   Turdus poliocephalus poliocephalus

Island Thrush (Lord Howe Island)   Turdus poliocephalus vinitinctus

Island Thrush (Layard’s)   Turdus poliocephalus layardi

Island Thrush (Rufous-fronted)   Turdus poliocephalus ruficeps

Island Thrush (Viti)   Turdus poliocephalus vitiensis

Island Thrush (Satanic)   Turdus poliocephalus hades

Island Thrush (Tempest)   Turdus poliocephalus tempesti

Island Thrush (Samoan)   Turdus poliocephalus samoensis

Chiguanco Thrush (chiguanco)   Turdus chiguanco chiguanco/conradi

Chiguanco Thrush (anthracinus)   Turdus chiguanco anthracinus

Long-billed Pipit (Nairobi)   Anthus similis chyuluensis

Yellowish Pipit (Yellowish)   Anthus lutescens lutescens/parvus

Yellowish Pipit (Peruvian)   Anthus lutescens peruvianus

Common Yellowthroat (Pacific)   Geothlypis trichas [arizela Group]

Common Yellowthroat (Western)   Geothlypis trichas [occidentalis Group]

Common Yellowthroat (Eastern)   Geothlypis trichas [trichas Group]

Common Yellowthroat (Brownsville)   Geothlypis trichas insperata

Common Yellowthroat (Chapala)   Geothlypis trichas chapalensis

Yellow Warbler (Galapagos)   Setophaga petechia aureola

Golden-crowned Warbler (White-bellied)   Basileuterus culicivorus hypoleucus

Three-striped Warbler (Costa Rican)   Basileuterus tristriatus chitrensis

Three-striped Warbler (Tacarcuna)   Basileuterus tristriatus tacarcunae

Three-striped Warbler (daedalus)   Basileuterus tristriatus daedalus

Three-striped Warbler (auricularis)   Basileuterus tristriatus auricularis

Three-striped Warbler (Venezuelan)   Basileuterus tristriatus meridanus/bessereri

Three-striped Warbler (Paria)   Basileuterus tristriatus pariae

Three-striped Warbler (Three-striped)   Basileuterus tristriatus tristriatus/baezae

Three-striped Warbler (Bolivian)   Basileuterus tristriatus [inconspicuus Group]

Buff-breasted Mountain-Tanager (Buff-breasted)   Dubusia taeniata/carrikeri

Buff-breasted Mountain-Tanager (Cerulean-streaked)   Dubusia taeniata stictocephala

Burnished-buff Tanager (Rufous-crowned)   Tangara cayana/fulvescens

Burnished-buff Tanager (Stripe-bellied)   Tangara cayana [flava Group]

Golden Tanager (Golden)   Tangara arthus aurulenta

Golden Tanager (Venezuelan)   Tangara arthus arthus

Great Pampa-Finch (Western)   Embernagra platensis olivascens

Great Pampa-Finch (Eastern)   Embernagra platensis platensis

Spotted Towhee (Great Plains)   Pipilo maculatus arcticus

Song Sparrow (Pacific Northwest)   Melospiza melodia [rufina Group]

Song Sparrow (California)   Melospiza melodia [samuelis Group]

Song Sparrow (Southwest)   Melospiza melodia [fallax Group]

Song Sparrow (Mexican)   Melospiza melodia [mexicana Group]

Song Sparrow (Eastern)   Melospiza melodia [melodia Group]

Variable Oriole (Yellow-shouldered)   Icterus pyrrhopterus tibialis

Variable Oriole (Chestnut-shouldered)   Icterus pyrrhopterus [pyrrhopterus Group]