Clements Checklist

Updates & Corrections – August 2018

To accompany the eBird/Clements Checklist v2018 spreadsheet
Posted 6 August 2018

The Updates and Corrections are grouped into four sections. Within each section, items are listed in the order in which they are encountered in the eBird/Clements Checklist v2018 spreadsheet, although we also continue to reference by page number the relevant entry in the last published edition of the Clements Checklist (6th, 2007).

The four sections are

Species – gains and losses   (posted 14 August 2018)

Orders and Families – gains, losses, and changes to order or family composition or nomenclature   (posted 14 August 2018)

Standard Updates and Corrections – all other changes, listed in sequence as they occur in the spreadsheet   (incomplete documentation posted 14 August 2018)

Groups – a list of new groups   (posted 14 August 2018)

SPECIES

SPECIES GAINS (splits and newly recognized species)

 page 29, Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos

Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos is split into two monotypic species (Kear 2005): Knob-billed Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos and Comb Duck Sarkidiornis sylvicola.

Reference:

Kear, Janet (editor). 2005. Ducks, geese and swans. Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom.

 

page 30, Mallard Anas platyrhynchos

The monotypic group Mallard (Mexican) Anas platyrhynchos diazi is elevated to species rank as Mexican Duck Anas diazi. Genetic divergence of Mexican Duck from Mallard is at comparable levels to other similar taxa that are recognized as species, such as American Black Duck Anas rubripes and Mottled Duck Anas fulvigula (McCracken et al. 2001, Lavretsky et al. 2014a, 2014b, 2015); and hybridization between Mallard and Mexican Duck has not been demonstrated to occur at higher levels than between Mallard and other species in the Mallard complex. Revise the range description for Mexican Duck from “S Texas, New Mexico and Arizona south to central Mexico” to “southeastern Arizona, southern New Mexico, and western Texas (Trans-Pecos region) south to central Mexico.”

References:

Lavretsky, P., B.E. Hernández-Baños, and J.L. Peters. 2014a. Rapid radiation and hybridization contribute to weak differentiation and hinder phylogenetic inferences in the New World Mallard complex (Anas spp.). Auk 131: 524-538.

Lavretsky, P., K.G. McCracken, and J.L. Peters. 2014b. Phylogenetics of a recent radiation in the mallards and allies (Aves: Anas): inferences from a genomic transect and the multispecies coalescent. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 70: 402-411.

Lavretsky, P., J.M. Dacosta, B.E. Hernández-Baños, A. Engilis, Jr., M.D. Sorenson, and J.L. Peters. 2015. Speciation genomics and a role for the Z chromosome in the early stages of divergence between Mexican ducks and mallards. Molecular Ecology 24: 5364–5378.

McCracken, K.G., W.P. Johnson, and F.H. Sheldon. 2001. Molecular population genetics, phylogeography, and conservation biology of the mottled duck (Anas fulvigula). Conservation Genetics 2: 87-102.

 

page 33, White-winged Scoter Melanitta fusca

White-winged Scoter Melanitta fusca is split into two species, following Livezey (1995), Sangster et al. (2005), and Collinson et al. (2006): a monotypic Velvet Scoter Melanitta fusca, and polytypic White-winged Scoter Melanitta deglandi, including subspecies deglandi and stejnegeri.

References:

Collinson, M., D.T. Parkin, A.G. Knox, G. Sangster, and A.J. Helbig. 2006. Species limits within the genus Melanitta, the scoters. British Birds 99: 183-201.

Livezey, B.C. 1995. Phylogeny and evolutionary ecology of modern seaducks (Anatidae: Mergini). Condor 97: 233-255.

Sangster, G., J.M. Collinson, A.J. Helbig, A.G. Knox, and D.T. Parkin. 2005. Taxonomic recommendations for British birds: third report. Ibis 147: 821-826.

 

page 33, Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis

In accord with AOS-NACC (AOU 1998), Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis is split into two species, a monotypic Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis and a polytypic Andean Duck Oxyura ferruginea (with subspecies andina and ferruginea).

Reference:

American Ornithologists’ Union. 1998. Check-list of North American birds. Seventh edition. American Ornithologists’ Union, Washington, DC.

 

page addition (2018), Spotted Green Pigeon Caloenas maculata

Insert Spotted Green Pigeon Caloenas maculata immediately following Nicobar Pigeon Caloenas nicobarica, following Heupink et al. (2014). This is an extinct species, which is known from only two specimens (one of which now is lost) and one contemporaneous illustration, all apparently from the mid or late 18th century (van Grouw 2013). Its former distribution is not known, but it probably was native to an island or island group in the South Pacific. The date of its extinction also is unknown.

References:

van Grouw, H. 2014. The Spotted Green Pigeon Caloenas maculata: as dead as a Dodo, but what else do we know about it? Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 134: 291-301.

Heupink, T.H., H, van Grouw, and D.M. Lambert. 2014. The mysterious Spotted Green Pigeon and its relation of the Dodo and its kindred. BMC Evolutionary Biology 14: 136.

 

page 121, Southern Crowned-Pigeon Goura scheepmakeri

The two subspecies of Southern Crowned-Pigeon Goura scheepmakeri are not each other’s closest relatives: subspecies sclaterii is sister to Western Crowned-Pigeon Goura cristata, but nominate scheepmakeri is sister to Victoria Crowned-Pigeon Goura victoria (Bruxaux et al. 2017). Consequently Southern Crowned-Pigeon is split into two monotypic species: Sclater’s Crowned-Pigeon Goura sclaterii, and Scheepmaker’s Crowned-Pigeon Goura scheepmakeri.

Reference:

Bruxaux, J., M. Gabrielli, H. Ashari, R. Prŷs-Jones, L. Joseph, M. Milá, G. Besnard, and C. Th‑ébaud. 2018. Recovering the evolutionary history of crowned pigeons (Columbidae: Goura): implications for the biogeography and conservation of New Guinea lowland birds. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 120: 248-258.

 

page 209, Wedge-billed Hummingbird Schistes geoffroyi

In accord with AOS-SACC (Proposal 774), we split Wedge-billed Hummingbird Schistes geoffroyi into two monotypic species, following del Hoyo and Collar (2014) and Donegan et al. (2015): White-throated Wedgebill Schistes albogularis and Geoffroy’s Wedgebill Schistes geoffroyi. These English names are provisional, as AOS-SACC has not yet adopted names for either species.

Revise the range description of White-throated Wedgebill from “Western and Central Andes of Colombia and w Ecuador” to “both slopes of Western Andes and west slope of Central Andes of Colombia and west slope of Andes of western Ecuador”.

References:

Donegan, T., A. Quevedo, J.C. Verhelst, O. Cortés-Herrera, T. Ellery, and P. Salaman. 2015. Revision of the status of bird species occurring in Colombia, with discussion of BirdLife International’s new taxonomy. Conservación Colombiana 23: 3-48.

del Hoyo, J., and N.J. Collar. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International illustrated checklist of the birds of the world. Volume 1. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

page 204, White-tailed Hillstar Urochroa leucura

We split White-tailed Hillstar Urochroa leucura into two monotypic species, based on AOS-SACC Proposal 775, and following del Hoyo and Collar (2014) and Donegan et al. (2015): Rufous-gaped Hillstar Urochroa bougueri and White-tailed Hillstar Urochroa leucura. These English names are provisional, as AOS-SACC has not yet adopted names for either species.

Revise the range description for White-tailed Hillstar from “Andes of s Colombia (Nariño) to e Ecuador and ne Peru” to “east slope of Andes from southern Colombia (Nariño) to eastern Ecuador (south at least to Morona-Santiago) and northern Peru (Amazonas, San Martín)”.

References:

Donegan, T., A. Quevedo, J.C. Verhelst, O. Cortés-Herrera, T. Ellery, and P. Salaman. 2015. Revision of the status of bird species occurring in Colombia, with discussion of BirdLife International’s new taxonomy. Conservación Colombiana 23: 3-48.

del Hoyo, J., and N.J. Collar. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International illustrated checklist of the birds of the world. Volume 1. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

page addition (2017), Gray-breasted Sabrewing Campylopterus largipennis

In accord with AOS-SACC (Proposal 756), the monotypic group Gray-breasted Sabrewing (Dry Forest) Campylopterus largipennis calcirupicola is recognized as a separate species, Dry-forest Sabrewing Campylopterus calcirupicola. This English name is provisional, as AOS-SACC has not yet adopted a name for this species.

 

page 166, Vermiculated Screech-Owl Megascops guatemalae

Vermiculated Screech-Owl Megascops guatelamalae is split into three species, following Ridgely and Greenfield (2001), Dantas et al. (2016), and Krabbe (2017); see also AOS-SACC Proposal 771: Middle American Screech-Owl Megascops guatelamae, including subspecies hastatus, cassini, fuscus, thompsoni, guatemalae, dacrysistactus, and vermiculatus; Choco Screech-Owl Megascrops centralis; and Foothill Screech-Owl Megascops roraimae, including subspecies roraimae, pallidus, and napensis.

Change the English name of the polytypic group Megascops guatemalae [guatemalae Group] from Vermiculated Screech-Owl (Guatemalan) to Middle American Screech-Owl (Middle American).

Subspecies tomlini, with range “NW Mexico (se Sonora and sw Chihuahua to Sinaloa)”, in considered to be a junior synonym of hastatus (Marshall 1967), and is deleted. Revise the range description of hastatus from “W Mexico (sw Sinaloa to Oaxaca)” to “western Mexico (southeastern Sonora to Oaxaca)”.

Change the English name of the monotypic group Megascops guatemalae vermiculatus from Vermiculated Screech-Owl (Vermiculated) to Middle American Screech-Owl (Vermiculated).

Change the names of the monotypic group Vermiculated Screech-Owl (Roraima) Megascops guatemalae roraimae to Foothill Screech-Owl (Roraima) Megascops roraimae roraimae.

Change the names of the polytypic group Vermiculated Screech-Owl (Foothill) Megascops guatemalae [napensis Group] to Foothill Screech-Owl (Foothill) Megascops roraimae [napensis Group].

References:

Dantas, S.M., J.D. Weckstein, J.M. Bates, N.K. Krabbe, C.D. Cadena, M.B. Robbins, E. Valderrama, and A. Aleixo. 2016. Molecular systematics of the New World screech-owls (Megascops: Aves, Strigidae): biogeographic and taxonomic implications. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 94: 626-634.

Krabbe, N. 2017. A new species of Megascops (Strigidae) from the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Colombia, with notes on voices of New World screech-owls. Ornitología Columbiana 16: eA08-1-27.

Marshall, J.T. 1967. Parallel variation in North and Middle American screech-owls. Monographs of the Western Foundation of Vertebrate Zoology 1.

Ridgely, R.S., and P.J. Greenfield. 2001. The birds of Ecuador: status, distribution, and taxonomy. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York.

 

page addition (2018), Santa Marta Screech-Owl Megascops gilesi

In accord with AOS-SACC (Proposal 769), we add a recently described species, Santa Marta Screech-Owl Megascops gilesi Krabbe 2017, following Dantas et al. (2016) and Krabbe (2017), with range “northern Colombia (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta)”. Position Santa Marta Screech-Owl to immediately follow Eastern Screech-Owl Megascops asio.

References:

Dantas, S.M., J.D. Weckstein, J.M. Bates, N.K. Krabbe, C.D. Cadena, M.B. Robbins, E. Valderrama, and A. Aleixo. 2016. Molecular systematics of the New World screech-owls (Megascops: Aves, Strigidae): biogeographic and taxonomic implications. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 94: 626-634.

Krabbe, N. 2017. A new species of Megascops (Strigidae) from the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Colombia, with notes on voices of New World screech-owls. Ornitología Colombiana 16: eA08-1-27.

 

page 256, Blond-crested Woodpecker Celeus flavescens

In accord with AOS-SACC (Proposals 742 and 793), the monotypic group Blond-crested Woodpecker (Ochre-backed) Celeus flavescens ochraceus is recognized as a separate species, Ochre-backed Woodpecker Celeus ochraceus, following Benz and Robbins (2011) and Benz et al. (2015). Reposition Ochre-backed Woodpecker to immediately follow Kaempfer’s Woodpecker Celeus obrieni. Revise the range description from “Lower Amazonian and e Brazil south to e Bahia” to “lower Amazonian Brazil (south of the Amazon in Pará); northeastern Brazil, from Maranhão south to northern Goías and east to Ceará, Pernambuco, and western Bahia”.

With the removal of the group Blond-crested Woodpecker (Ochre-backed) Celeus flavescens ochraceus from Blond-crested Woodpecker, the polytypic group Blond-crested Woodpecker (Blond-crested) Celeus flavescens flavescens/intercedens no longer is necessary, and is deleted.

References:

Benz, B.W., and M.B. Robbins. 2011. Molecular phylogenetics, vocalizations, and species limits in Celeus Woodpeckers (Aves: Picidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 61: 29–44.

Benz, B.W., M.B. Robbins, and K.J. Zimmer. 2015. Phylogenetic relationships of the Helmeted Woodpecker (Dryocopus galeatus): a case of interspecific mimicry? Auk 132: 938-950.

 

page 293, Russet Antshrike Thamnistes anabatinus

In accord with AOS-SACC (Proposal 758), subspecies rufescens of Russet Antshrike Thamnistes anabatinus is recognized as a separate species, Rufescent Antshrike Thamnistes rufescens, following Isler and Whitney (2017). Position Rufescent Antshrike immediately following Russet Antshrike.

Change the scientific name of the group Russet Antshrike (Andean) from Russet Antshrike (Andean) Thamnistes anabatinus [aequatorialis Group] to Thamnistes anabatinus aequatorialis/gularis.

Reference:

Isler, M.L., and B.M. Whitney. 2017. Species limits in the genus Thamnistes (Aves: Passeriformes: Thamnophilidae): an evaluation based on vocalizations. Zootaxa 4291: 192–200.

 

page addition (2018), Cordillera Azul Antbird Myrmoderus eowilsoni

In accord with AOS-SACC (Proposal 763), we recognize a newly described species, Cordillera Azul Antbird Myrmoderus eowilsoni Moncrieff, Johnson, Lane, Beck, Angulo, and Fagan 2018, following Moncrieff et al. (2018), with range “northern Peru: local on ridge crests of Cordillera Azul (eastern San Martín)”. Insert Cordillera Azul Antbird immediately following Ferruginous-backed Antbird Myrmoderus ferrugineus.

Reference:

Moncrieff, A.E., O. Johnson, D.F. Lane, J.R. Beck, F. Angulo, and J. Fagan. 2017. A new species of antbird (Passeriformes: Thamnophilidae) from the Cordillera Azul, San Martín, Peru. Auk 135: 114-126.

 

page 305, Thrush-like Antpitta Myrmothera campanisona

In accord with AOS-SACC (Proposal 785), Thrush-like Antpitta Myrmothera campanisona is split into two species, following Carneiro et al. (2018; see also Krabbe and Schulenberg 2003): a polytypic Thrush-like Antpitta Myrmothera campanisona, composed of subspecies modesta, dissors, campanisona, signata, and minor; and a monotypic Tapajos Antpitta Myrmothera subcanescens. Revise the range description of Tapajos Antpitta from “N Brazil south of R. Amazon (R. Madeira to R. Tapajós)” to “Amazonian Brazil, south of Amazon, from the right (east) bank of the Rio Madeira to the upper Rio Xingu”.

References:

Carneiro, L., G.A. Bravo, N. Aristizábal, A.M. Cuervo, and A. Aleixo. 2018. Molecular systematics and biogeography of lowland antpittas (Aves, Grallariidae): the role of vicariance and dispersal in the diversification of a widespread Neotropical lineage. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 120: 375-389.

Krabbe, N., and T.S. Schulenberg. 2003. Family Formicariidae (ground-antbirds). Pages 682-731 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 8. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

page 307, Rusty-breasted Antpitta Grallaricula ferrugineipectus

In accord with AOS-SACC (Proposal 784), Rusty-breasted Antpitta Grallaricula ferrugineipectus is split into two species, following Van Doren et al. (2018): a polytypic Rusty-breasted Antpitta Grallaricula ferrugineipectus, composed of subspecies rara and ferrugineipectus; and a monotypic Leymebamba Antpitta Grallaricula leymebambae. The English name for Grallaricula leymebambae is provisional, as AOS-SACC has not yet adopted a name for this species.

Reference:

Van Doren, B.M., B.G. Freeman, N. Aristizábal, M. Alvarez-R, J. Pérez-Emán, A.M. Cuervo, and G.A. Bravo. 2018. Species limits in the Rusty-breasted Antpitta (Grallaricula ferrugineipectus) complex. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 130: 152-167.

 

page 281, Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner Automolus ochrolaemus

In accord with AOS-NACC (Chesser et al. 2018), the monotypic group Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner (exsertus) Automolus ochrolaemus exsertus is split from Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner and is recognized as a separate species, Chiriqui Foliage-gleaner Automolus exsertus, following Freeman and Montgomery (2017).

References:

Chesser, R.T., K.J. Burns, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., D.F. Stotz, B.M. Winger, and K. Winker. 2018. Fifty-ninth supplement to the American Ornithological Society’s Check-list of North American birds. Auk 135: 798-813.

Freeman, B.G., and G.A. Montogomery. 2017. Using song playback experiments to measure

species recognition between geographically isolated populations: a comparison with acoustic trait analyses. Auk 134: 857-870.

 

page 324, Paltry Tyrannulet Zimmerius vilissimus

In accord with AOS-SACC (Proposal 741), Paltry Tyrannulet Zimmerius vilissimus is split into four species, following Traylor (1982) and Rheindt et al. (2013). The monotypic group Paltry Tyrannulet (Paltry) Zimmerius vilissimus vilissimus now is recognized as Guatemalan Tyrannulet Zimmerius vilissimus; the monotypic group Paltry Tyrannulet (Mistletoe) Zimmerius vilissimus parvus becomes Mistletoe Tyrannulet Zimmerius parvus; the polytypic group Paltry Tyrannulet (Mountain) Zimmerius vilissimus improbus/tamae becomes Spectacled Tyrannulet Zimmerius improbus, including tamae as a subspecies; and the monotypic group Paltry Tyrannulet (Venezuelan) Zimmerius vilissimus petersi becomes Venezuelan Tyrannulet Zimmerius petersi.

Revise the range description for Guatemalan Tyrannulet from “S Mexico (Chiapas) to El Salvador” to “highlands of southern Mexico (Chiapas), Guatemala, and western El Salvador”.

Revise the range description for Mistletoe Tyrannulet from “Honduras to Panama and extreme nw Colombia (Chocó)” to “lowlands from eastern Guatemala, Belize, and Honduras south to Panama and extreme northwestern Colombia (Chocó)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies tamae from “Santa Marta Mountains (ne Colombia)” to “Santa Marta Mountains (northern Colombia) and the Sierra de Perijá (on the Colombia/Venezuela border)”. Reposition tamae to precede, rather than to follow, nominate improbus.

Revise the range description for nominate improbus from “Andes of n Colombia and Sierra de Perijá (w Venezuela)” to “Andes of northern Colombia (Norte de Santander) and of Venezuela”.

References:

Rheindt, F.E., A.M. Cuervo, and R.T. Brumfield. 2013. Rampant polyphyly indicates cryptic diversity in a clade of Neotropical flycatchers (Aves: Tyrannidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 108: 889–900.

Traylor, M.A., Jr. 1982. Notes on tyrant flycatchers (Aves: Tyrannidae). Fieldiana new series number 13.

 

page 317, Striped Manakin Machaeropterus regulus

In accord with AOS-SACC (Proposal 761), Striped Manakin Machaeropterus regulus is split into two species, following Whittaker and Oren (1999) and Lane et al. (2017): a polytypic Striolated Manakin Machaeropterus striolatus (including subspecies antioquiae, striolatus, obscurostriatus, zulianus, and aureopectus; and a monotypic Kinglet Manakin Machaeropterus regulus.

Change the names of the polytypic group Striped Manakin (Western) Machaeropterus regulus [striolatus Group] to Striolated Manakin (Striolated) Machaeropterus striolatus [striolatus Group].

Change the names of the monotypic group Striped Manakin (aureopectus) Machaeropterus regulus aureopectus to Striolated Manakin (Striolated) Machaeropterus striolatus aureopectus.

References:

Lane, D.F., A.W. Kratter, and J.P. O’Neill. 2017. A new species of manakin (Aves: Pipridae; Machaeropterus) from Peru with a taxonomic reassessment of the Striped Manakin (M. regulus) complex. Zootaxa 4320: 379–390.

Whittaker, A., and D.C. Oren. 1999. Important ornithological records from the Rio Juruá, western Amazonia, including twelve additions to the Brazilian avifauna. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 119: 235–260.

 

page addition (2018), Painted Manakin Machaeropterus eckelberryi

In accord with AOS-SACC (Proposal 761), we recognize a newly described species, Painted Manakin Machaeropterus eckelberryi Lane, Kratter, and O’Neill 2017 (Lane et al. 2017), with range “northern Peru: very local on ridgecrests of Andean foothills in eastern San Martín and southwestern Loreto”. Position Painted Manakin between Striolated Manakin Machaeropterus striolatus and Kinglet Manakin Machaeropterus regulus.

Reference:

Lane, D.F., A.W. Kratter, and J.P. O’Neill. 2017. A new species of manakin (Aves: Pipridae; Machaeropterus) from Peru with a taxonomic reassessment of the Striped Manakin (M. regulus) complex. Zootaxa 4320: 379–390.

 

page 516, Variegated Fairywren Malurus lamberti

Variegated Fairywren Malurus lamberti is split into two species: a monotypic Variegated Fairywren Malurus lamberti, and a polytypic Purple-backed Fairywren Malurus assimilis, including subspecies rogersi, dulcis, assimilis, and bernieri. The action is based on McLean et al. (2012, 2017a, 2017b).

Change the names of the polytypic group Variegated Fairywren (Lavender-flanked) Malurus lamberti dulcis/rogersi to Purple-backed Fairywren (Lavender-flanked) Malurus assimilis dulcis/rogersi.

Revise the range description of subspecies rogersi from “NE Northern Territory (Kimberley region)” to “northern Australia (Kimberley region in northeastern Western Australia)”.

Revise the range description of subspecies dulcis from “N Northern Territory (central Arnhem Land)” to “northern Australia (central Arnhem Land in northern Northern Territory)”.

Subspecies bernieri, formerly included (incorrectly!) in a polytypic group with Variegated Fairywren Malurus lamberti, instead is more closely related to nominate assimilis, and so joins a different group with that taxon. Change the names of the group Variegated Fairywren (Purple-flanked) Malurus lamberti assimilis to Purple-backed Fairywren (Purple-backed) Malurus assimilis assimilis/bernieri.

Revise the range description of subspecies bernieri from “Bernier Island, Western Australia” to “western Australia (Bernier Island, Western Australia)”.

Revise the range description of Variegated Fairywren from “SE Australia (Fitzroy R., Queensland to Bateman’s Bay, NSW” to “coastal southeastern Australia (eastern New South Wales, and southeastern Queensland north to Gladstone)”.

References:

McLean, A.J., A. Toon, D.J. Schmidt, L. Joseph, and J.M. Hughes. 2012. Speciation in chestnut-shouldered fairy-wrens (Malurus spp.) and rapid phenotypic divergence in variegated fairy-wrens (Malurus lamberti): a multilocus approach. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 63: 668-678.

McLean, A.J., L. Joseph, A. Toon, D.J. Schmidt, A. Drew, U.J. Mason, and J.M. Hughes. 2017a. Reassessment of a possible case of intraspecific gene flow across Australia’s Great Dividing Range in the variegated fairy wren, Malurus lamberti (Aves: Maluridae), and its systematic consequences. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 122: 210-233.

McLean, A.J., A. Toon, D.J. Schmidt, J.M. Hughes, and L. Joseph. 2017b. Phylogeography and geno-phenotypic discordance in a widespread Australian bird, the Variegated Fairy-wren, Malurus lamberti (Aves: Maluridae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 121: 655-669.

 

page addition (2018), Rote Myzomela Myzomela irianawidodoae

We recognize a newly described species, Rote Myzomela Myzomela irianawidodoae Prawiradilaga, Baveja, Suparno, Ashari, Ng, Gwee, Verbelen, and Rheindt 2017 (Eaton et al. 2016, Prawiradilaga et al. 2017), with range “Rote, Lesser Sundas”. Position Rote Myzomela immediately following Sumba Myzomela Myzomela dammermani.

References:

Eaton, J.A., B. van Balen, N.W. Brickle, and F.E. Rheindt. 2016. Birds of the Indonesian Archipelago: Greater Sundas and Wallacea. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Prawiradilaga, D.M., P. Baveja, Suparno, H. Ashari, N.S.R. Ng, C.Y. Gwee, P. Verbelen, and F.E. Rheindt. 2017. A colourful new species of Myzomela honeyeater from Rote Islad in eastern Indonesia. Treubia 44: 77-100.

 

page 574, Mountain Sooty Boubou Laniarius poensis

The monotypic group Mountain Sooty Boubou (Ruwenzori) Laniarius poensis holomelas is split as a separate species, Albertine Boubou Laniarius holomelas (Voelker et al. 2010).

Reference:

Voelker, G., R.K. Outlaw, S. Reddy, M. Tobler, J.M. Bates, S.J. Hackett, C. Kahindo, B.D. Marks, J.C. Kerbis Peterhans, and T.P. Gnoske. 2010. A new species of boubou (Malaconotidae: Laniarius) from the Alberine Rift. Auk 127: 678-689.

 

page 623, Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus

In accord with AOS-NACC (Chesser et al. 2018), Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus is split into two species, following Battey and Klicka (2017) (see also Slager et al. 2014): a monotypic Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus; and a polytypic Chivi Vireo Vireo chivi, including subspecies caucae, griseobarbatus, pectoralis, solimoensis, vividior, tobagensis, agilis, diversus, and chivi.

Change the names of the polytypic group Red-eyed Vireo (resident Chivi) Vireo olivaceus [agilis Group] to Chivi Vireo (resident) Vireo chivi [agilis Group].

Revise the range description of subspecies pectoralis from “N Peru (middle Marañón Valley)” to “middle Marañón Valley of extreme southern Ecuador (Zamora-Chinchipe) and northern Peru (Cajamarca, Amazonas, La Libertad)”.

Revise the range description of subspecies solimoensis from “W Amazonian Brazil to e Ecuador and ne Peru” to “western Amazon River and tributaries, from eastern Ecuador and northern Peru east to central Brazil (east to the west bank of Madeira)”. Reposition subspecies solimoensis to follow subspecies tobagensis.

Revise the range description of subspecies agilis from “Coastal ne Brazil (Pará to Rio de Janeiro)” to “eastern Amazon River and tributaries (west to the Madeira), and coastal northeastern and eastern Brazil (south to Rio de Janeiro)”.

Change the names of the polytypic group Red-eyed Vireo (migratory Chivi) Vireo olivaceus chivi/diversus to Chivi Vireo (migratory) Vireo chivi chivi/diversus.

References:

Battey, C.J., and J. Klicka. 2017. Cryptic speciation and gene flow in a migratory songbird species complex: insights from the Red-Eyed Vireo (Vireo olivaceus). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 113: 67-75.

Chesser, R.T., K.J. Burns, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., D.F. Stotz, B.M. Winger, and K. Winker. 2018. Fifty-ninth supplement to the American Ornithological Society’s Check-list of North American birds. Auk 135: 798-813.

Slager, D.L., C.J. Battey, R.W. Bryson, Jr., G. Voelker, and J. Klicka. 2014. A multilocus phylogeny of a major New World avian radiation: the Vireonidae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 80: 95-104.

 

page 470, Rusty-bellied Fantail Rhipidura teysmanni

Rusty-bellied Fantail Rhipidura teysmanni is split into two species, following Ng et al. (2017b): a polytypic Sulawesi Fantail Rhipidura teysmanni, with subspecies toradja and teysmanni; and a monotypic Taliabu Fantail Rhipidura sulaensis.

Reference:

Ng, N.S.R., P.R. Wilton, D.M. Prawiradilaga, Y.C. Tay, M. Indrawan, K.M. Garg, and F.E. Rheindt. 2017b. The effects of Pleistocene climate change on biotic differentiation in a montane songbird clade from Wallacea. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 114: 353-366.

 

page 592, Eurasian Magpie Pica pica

Eurasian Magpie Pica pica is split into five species, following Song et al. (2018; see also Kryukov et al. 2017).

The monotypic group Eurasian Magpie (North African) Pica pica mauritanica becomes Maghreb Magpie Pica mauritanica.

The monotypic group Eurasian Magpie (Arabian) Pica pica asirensis becomes Asir Magpie Pica asirensis.

The monotypic group Eurasian Magpie (Black-rumped) Pica pica bottanensis becomes Black-rumped Magpie Pica bottanensis.

Subspecies serica, which we formerly included in the polytypic group Eurasian Magpie (Eurasian) Pica pica [pica Group], is recognized as a species, Oriental Magpie Pica serica. Revise the range description of serica from “S China to Myanmar, Indochina, Hainan and Taiwan” to “southeastern Russia, northeastern China, and Korea south through eastern China, Taiwan, and Hainan to northern Myanmar, northern Laos, and northern Vietnam”.

Remaining as subspecies of Eurasian Magpie are Eurasian Magpie (Iberian) Pica pica melanotos; the members of the pica Group: pica, fennorum, bactriana, and leucoptera; and the monotypic group Eurasian Magpie (Kamchatkan) Pica pica camtschatica. Subspecies galliae, with range “W Europe to Balkans”, is considered to be a junior synonym of nominate pica (Cramp and Perrins 1994), and is deleted. Revise the range description of nominate pica from “British Isles, s Scandinavia, central and e Europe to Asia Minor” to “Europe, from the British Isles, France, and southern Scandinavia to eastern Europe and Asia Minor”. Subspecies hemileucoptera, with range “W and s Siberia to Outer Mongolia”, is considered to be a junior synonym of bactriana (Cramp and Perrins 1994), and is deleted. Revise the range description of bactriana from “Central Russia to n India and w Tibet” to “western and southern Siberia (east to Lake Baikal) and central Asia, south to the Caucasus region east to Pakistan and northwestern India”.

References:

Cramp, S., and C.M. Perrins (editors). 1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa. The birds of the Western Palearctic. Volume 8. Oxford University Press, New York and Oxford, United Kingdom.

Kryukov, A.P., L.N. Spiridonova, S. Mori, V.Y. Arkhipov, Y.A. Red’kin, O.A. Goroshko, E.G. Lobkov, and E. Haring. 2017. Deep phylogeographic breaks in Magpie Pica pica across the Holarctic: concordance with bioacoustics and phenotypes. Zoological Science 34: 185-200.

Song, G., R. Zhang, P. Alström, M. Irestedt, T. Cai, Y. Qu, P.G.P. Ericson, J. Fjeldså, and F. Lei. 2018. Complete taxon sampling of the avian genus Pica (magpies) reveals ancient relictual populations and synchronous Late-Pleistocene demographic expansion across the Northern Hemisphere. Journal of Avian Biology 49: e01612.

 

page 385, Firecrest Regulus ignicapilla

The monotypic group Firecrest (Madeira) Regulus ignicapilla madeirensis is recognized as a separate species, Madeira Firecrest Regulus madeirensis, following Päckert et al. (2001, 2003) and Sangster et al. (2005). Reposition Madeira Firecrest to immediately follow Goldcrest Regulus regulus.

The polytypic group Firecrest (European) Regulus ignicapilla ignicapilla/balearicus no longer is necessary, and is dissolved. Change the English name of Regulus ignicapilla from Firecrest to Common Firecrest.

References:

Päckert, M., J. Martens, and T. Hofmeister. 2001. Lautäußerungen der Sommergoldhähnchen von den Inseln Madeira und Mallorca (Regulus ignicapillus madeirensis, R. i. balearicus). Journal für Ornithologie 142: 16-29.

Päckert, M., J. Martens, J. Kosuch, A.A. Nazarenko, and M. Veith. 2003. Phylogenetic signal in the song of crests and kinglets (Aves: Regulus). Evolution 53: 616-629.

Sangster, G., J.M. Collinson, A.J. Helbig, A.G. Knox, and D.T. Parkin. 2005. Taxonomic recommendations for British birds: third report. Ibis 147: 821-826.

 

page 428, Russet Bush Warbler Locustella mandelli

Subspecies idonea is elevated to species rank as Dalat Bush Warbler Locustella idonea, following Alström et al. (2015b). Revise the range description from “Langbian Plateau (Vietnam)” to “highlands of central and southern Vietnam (Kon Tum and Da Lat plateaus)”.

Reference:

Alström, P., C. Xia, P.C Rasmussen, U. Olsson, B. Dai, J. Zhao, P.J. Leader, G.J. Carey, L. Dong, T. Cai, P.I Holt, H.L. Manh, G. Song, Y. Liu, Y. Zhang, and F. Lei. 2015b. Integrative taxonomy of the Russet Bush Warbler Locustella mandelli complex reveals a new species from central China. Avian Research 6: 9.

 

page 448, Henna-tailed Jungle-Flycatcher Cyornis colonus

Henna-tailed Jungle-Flycatcher Cyornis colonus is split into two monotypic species, following Garg et al. (2018): Banggai Jungle-Flycatcher Cyornis pelingensis and Sula Jungle-Flycatcher Cyornis colonus. Subspecies subsolanus, known from a single specimen (now lost) from Sulawesi, is believed to refer to a mislabelled specimen of nominate colonus (Eaton et al. 2016), and is deleted.

References:

Eaton, J.A., B. van Balen, N.W. Brickle, and F.E. Rheindt. 2016. Birds of the Indonesian Archipelago: Greater Sundas and Wallacea. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Garg, K.M., B. Chattopadhyay, P.R. Wilton, D.M. Prawiradilaga, and F.E. Rheindt. 2018. Pleistocene land bridges act as semipermeable agents of avian gene flow in Wallacea. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 125: 196-203.

 

page 411, Slaty Thrush Turdus nigriceps

In accord with AOS-SACC (Proposal 786), Slaty Thrush Turdus nigriceps is split into two monotypic species, following Ridgely and Tudor (1989), Voelker et al. (2007), Nylander et al. (2008), Cerqueira et al. (2016), and Avendaño et al. (2017): Andean Slaty Thrush Turdus nigriceps and Eastern Slaty Thrush Turdus subalaris. These English names are provisional, as AOS-SACC has not yet adopted names for either species.

Revise the range description of Andean Slaty Thrush from “Andes of s Ecuador to Peru, Bolivia and nw Argentina” to “breeds in the Andes of southern Bolivia (north to Santa Cruz) and northwestern Argentina (south to Córdoba), also locally in southwestern Ecuador and northwestern Peru; nonbreeding migrant to the east slope of the Andes from southeastern Ecuador to Bolivia”.

Revise the range description of Eastern Slaty Thrush from “S Brazil (Goiás, Mato Grosso, Paraná) to Paraguay, ne Argentina” to “breeds southernmost Brazil (north to Paraná), northeastern Argentina, and southeastern Paraguay; winters north to south central Brazil (north to Mato Grosso and Goiás)”.

References:

Avendaño, J.E., E. Arbeláez-Cortés, and C.D. Cadena. 2017. On the importance of geographic and taxonomic sampling in phylogeography: a reevaluation of diversification and species limits in a Neotropical thrush (Aves, Turdidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 111: 87–97.

Cerqueira, P.V., M.P.D. Santos, and A. Aleixo. 2016. Phylogeography, inter-specific limits and diversification of Turdus ignobilis (Aves: Turdidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 97: 177–186.

Nylander, J.A.A., U. Olsson, P. Alström, and I. Sanmartín. 2008. Accounting for phylogenetic uncertainty in biogeography: a Bayesian approach to dispersal-vicariance analysis of the thrushes (Aves: Turdus). Systematic Biology 57: 257-268.

Ridgely, R.S., and G. Tudor. 1989. The birds of South America. Volume I. University of Texas Press, Austin, Texas.

Voelker, G., S. Rohwer, R.C.K. Bowie, and D.C. Outlaw. 2007. Molecular systematics of a speciose, cosmopolitan songbird genus: defining the limits of, and relationships among, the Turdus thrushes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 42: 422-434.

 

page 409, Island Thrush Turdus poliocephalus

The monotypic group Island Thrush (Taiwan) Turdus poliocephalus niveiceps is recognized as a separate species, Taiwan Thrush Turdus niveiceps, following Nylander et al. (2008).

Reference:

Nylander, J.A.A., U. Olsson, P. Alström, and I. Sanmartín. 2008. Accounting for phylogenetic uncertainty in biogeography: a Bayesian approach to dispersal-vicariance analysis of the thrushes (Aves: Turdus). Systematic Biology 57: 257-268.

 

page 365, Yellowish Pipit Anthus lutescens

In accord with AOS-SACC (Proposal 765), the monotypic group Yellowish Pipit (Peruvian) Anthus lutescens peruvianus is recognized as a separate species, Peruvian Pipit Anthus peruvianus, following van Els and Norambuena (2018). Accordingly, the formerly recognized polytypic group Yellowish Pipit (Yellowish) Anthus lutescens lutescens/parvus no longer is needed, and is deleted.

Reference:

van Els, P., and H.V. Norambuena. 2018. A revision of species limits in Neotropical pipits Anthus based on multilocus genetic and vocal data. Ibis 160: 158-172.

 

page 691, Blue-black Grosbeak Cyanoloxia cyanoides

In accord with AOS-SACC (Proposal 736), Blue-black Grosbeak is split into two species, following Bryson et al. (2014) and García et al. (2016): a polytypic Blue-black Grosbeak Cyanoloxia cyanoides (with subspecies concreta, caerulescens, and cyanoides); and a monotypic Amazonian Grosbeak Cyanoloxia rothschildii.

Revise the range description of nominate cyanoides from “Cent. and e Panama to Colombia, nw Venezuela and w Ecuador” to “central Panama south, west of the Andes, to extreme northwestern Peru (Tumbes, Piura), and east across northern Colombia (south to Norte de Santander) and northwestern and northern Venezuela (to Miranda)”.

Revise the range description of Amazonian Grosbeak from “E Colombia to Venezuela, the Guianas, Amaz. Brazil and Bolivia” to “eastern Colombia (north at least to western Meta) to southern and northeastern Venezuela (north to Sucre) east to the Guianas, south through Amazonia to Bolivia”.

Reference:

Bryson, R.W., Jr., J. Chaives, B.T. Smith, M.J. Miller, K. Winker, J.L. Pérez-Emán, and J. Klicka. 2014. Diversification across the New World within the ‘blue’ caridinalids (Aves: Cardinalidae). Journal of Biogeography 41: 587-599.

García, N.C., A.S. Barreira, P.D. Lavinia, and P.L. Tubaro. 2016. Congruence of phenotypic and genetic variation at the subspecific level in a Neotropical passerine. Ibis 158: 844-856.

 

page 668, Nightingale Finch Nesospiza acunhae

page 668, Wilkin’s Finch Nesospiza wilkinsi

Change the English name of Nesospiza acunhae from Nightingale Finch to Inaccessible Island Finch. Change the English name of the monotypic group Nesospiza acunhae acunhae from Nightingale Finch (Inaccessible I.) to Inaccesssible Island Finch (Lowland). Revise the range description from “Inaccessible I. (s Atlantic Ocean)” to “Inaccessible Island, south Atlantic Ocean (coastal lowlands of Inaccessible Island); subspecies of Inaccessible Island Finch intergrade where their distributions abut”. Add subspecies fraseri Ryan 2008 (Ryan 2008), with range “Inaccessible Island, south Atlantic Ocean (central plateau of Inaccessible Island); subspecies of Inaccessible Island Finch intergrade where their distributions abut”. Insert fraseri immediately following nominate acunhae. We also recognize fraseri as a new monotypic group, Inaccessible Island Finch (Upland) Nesospiza acunhae fraseri.

Subspecies dunnei properly belongs with Inaccessible Island Finch Nesospiza acunhae, not with Wilkins’s Finch Nesospiza wilkinsi. Position subspecies dunnei immediately following subspecies fraseri. Change the names of the monotypic group Wilkins’s Finch (Inaccessible I.) Nesospiza wilkinsi dunnei to Inaccessible Island Finch (Dunn’s) Nesospiza acunhae dunnei. Revise the range description from “Inaccessible I. (s Atlantic Ocean)” to “Inaccessible Island, south Atlantic Ocean (coast and eastern part of interior plateau of Inaccessible Island); subspecies of Inaccessible Island Finch intergrade where their distributions abut”.

The monotypic group Nightingale Finch (Nightingale I.) Nesospiza acunhae questi is recognized as a species, Nightingale Island Finch Nesospiza questi, following Ryan et al. (2007) and Ryan (2008).

References:

Ryan, P.G. 2008. Taxonomic and conservation implications of ecological speciation in Nesospiza buntings in Tristan da Cunha. Bird Conservation International 18: 18: 20-29.

Ryan, P.G., P. Bloomer, C.L. Moloney, T.J. Grant, and W. Delport. 20017. Ecological speciation in South Atlantic Island finches. Science 315: 1420-1423.

 

page 669, Black-and-rufous Warbling-Finch Poospiza nigrorufa

In accord with AOS-SACC (Proposal 753), Black-and-rufous Warbling-Finch Poospiza nigrorufa is split into two monotypic species, following Shultz and Burns (2013) and Jordan et al. (2017): Black-and-rufous Warbling-Finch Poospiza nigrorufa and Black-and-chestnut Warbling-Finch Poospiza whitii. Reposition Black-and-chestnut Warbling-Finch to immediately follow Cinnamon Warbling-Finch Poospiza ornata (thus preceding Black-and-rufous Warbling-Finch).

The previously recognized subspecies wagneri, with range “Andes of Bolivia on Mt. Chulumaní (La Paz)”, is considered to be a junior synonym of whitii (Jordan et al. 2017), and is deleted; revise the range description of whitii from “Andes of w Bolivia (La Paz and Cochabamba) to nw Argentina” to “Andes of Bolivia (north to La Paz) and northwestern Argentina (south to San Luis and western Córdoba)”.

Revise the range description for Black-and-rufous Warbling-Finch from “SE Paraguay to se Brazil, Uruguay and central Argentina” to “northeastern Argentina (eastern Formosa south to Buenos Aires), southeastern Paraguay, Uruguay, and southern Brazil (Paraná to Rio Grande do Sul)”.

References:

Jordan, E.A., J.I. Areta, and I. Holzmann. 2017. Mate recognition systems and species limits in a warbling-finch complex (Poospiza nigrorufa/whitii). Emu 117: 344-358.

Shultz, A.J., and K.J. Burns. 2013. Plumage evolution in relation to light environment in a novel clade of Neotropical tanagers. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 66: 112–125.

 

page 670, White-collared Seedeater Sporophila torqueola

In accord with AOS-NACC (Chesser et al. 2018), White-collared Seedeater Sporophila torqueola is split into two species, following Mason et al. (2018). The polytypic group White-collared Seedeater (White-collared) Sporophila torqueola [morelleti Group] becomes Morelet’s Seedeater Sporophila morelleti (including subspecies sharpei and morelleti); and the monotypic group White-collared Seedeater (Cinnamon-rumped) Sporophila torqueola torqueola becomes Cinnamon-rumped Seedeater Sporophila torqueola (including subspecies torqueola and atriceps).

Subspecies mutanda of Morelet’s Seedeater, with range “Pacific slope of s Mexico (Chiapas) to Guatemala and El Salvador”, is considered to be a junior synonym of nominate morelleti (Hellmayr 1938, Monroe 1968, Eitniear 2012), and is deleted. Revise the range of morelleti from “Caribbean slope of s Mexico (Veracruz) to extreme w Panama” to “Caribbean slope of Mexico (north to Veracruz) south to western Panama (Ngäbe-Buglé); Pacific slope from southern Mexico (Chiapas) south to western Panama (Chiriquí)”.

We add a previously overlooked subspecies of Cinnamon-rumped Seedeater, atriceps Baird 1867 (Paynter 1970, Dickinson and Christidis 2014), with distribution “western Mexico (central Sinaloa south to northern Jalisco; feral population in Baja California Sur derived from atriceps, torqueola, or a mix of both taxa)”.

References:

Chesser, R.T., K.J. Burns, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., D.F. Stotz, B.M. Winger, and K. Winker. 2018. Fifty-ninth supplement to the American Ornithological Society’s Check-list of North American birds. Auk 135: 798-813.

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

Eitniear, J.C. 2012. White-collared Seedeater (Sporophila torqueola), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P.G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York.

Hellmayr, C.E. 1938. Catalogue of birds of the Americas. Part XI. Field Museum of Natural History Zoological Series volume 13, part 11.

Mason, N.A., A. Olvera-Vital, I.J. Lovette, and A.G. Navarro-Sigüenza. 2018. Hidden endemism, deep polyphyly, and repeated dispersal across the Isthmus of Tehuantepec: diversification of the White-collared Seedeater complex (Thraupidae: Sporophila torqueola). Ecology and Evolution 8: 1867–1881.

Monroe, B.L., Jr. 1968. A distributional survey of the birds of Honduras. Ornithological Monographs number 7. American Ornithologists’ Union.

Paynter, R.A., Jr. 1970. Subfamily Emberizinae, buntings and American sparrows. Pages 3-214 in R.A. Paynter, Jr. and R.W. Storer (editors), Check-list of birds of the world. Volume XIII. Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

 

SPECIES LOSSES (lumps and other deletions)

 

page 165, Colombian Screech-Owl Megascops colombianus

In accord with AOS-SACC (Proposal 770), Colombian Screech-Owl Megascops colombianus is lumped with Rufescent Screech-Owl Megascops ingens, following Dantas et al. (2016) and Krabbe (2017). We recognize two new groups in Rufescent Screech-Owl: a monotypic Rufescent Screech-Owl (Colombian) Megascops ingens colombianus, and a polytypic Rufescent Screech-Owl (Rufescent) Megascops ingens ingens/venezuelanus.

References:

Dantas, S.M., J.D. Weckstein, J.M. Bates, N.K. Krabbe, C.D. Cadena, M.B. Robbins, E. Valderrama, and A. Aleixo. 2016. Molecular systematics of the New World screech-owls (Megascops: Aves, Strigidae): biogeographic and taxonomic implications. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 94: 626-634.

Krabbe, N. 2017. A new species of Megascops (Strigidae) from the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Colombia, with notes on voices of New World screech-owls. Ornitología Columbiana 16: eA08-1-27.

 

page addition (2011), White-chested Tinkerbird Pogoniulus makawai

The enigmatic White-chested Tinkerbird Pogoniulus makawai is known from only a single specimen. Genetic evidence suggests that it is not a separate species, but instead is embedded within Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird Pogoniulus bilineatus (Kirschel et al. 2018). Provisionally rbird (White-chested) Pogoniulus bilineatus makawai, although it is possible that broader genetic sampling may reveal that makawai is not a valid taxon at all.

Reference:

Kirschel, A.N.G., E.C. Nwankwo, and J.C.T. Gonzalez. 2018. Investigation of the status of the enigmatic White-chested Tinkerbird Pogoniulus makawi using molecular analysis of the type specimen. Ibis 160: 673-680.

 

page 275, Baron’s Spinetail Cranioleuca baroni

In accord with AOS-SACC (Proposal 762), Baron’s Spinetail Cranioleuca baroni is lumped with Line-cheeked Spinetail Cranioleuca antisiensis, following Seeholzer and Brumfield (2017). Each of the two former species is retained as a polytypic group: Line-cheeked Spinetail (Line-cheeked), Cranioleuca antisiensis antisiensis/palamblae, and Line-cheeked Spinetail (Baron’s) Cranioleuca antisiensis [baroni Group].

Reference:

Seeholzer, G.F., and R.T. Brumfield. 2018. Isolation-by-distance, not incipient ecological speciation, explains genetic differentiation in an Andean songbird (Aves: Furnariidae: Cranioleuca antisiensis, Line-cheeked Spinetail) despite near three-fold body size change across an environmental gradient. Molecular Ecology 27: 279–296.

 

page 381, Liberian Greenbul Phyllastrephus leucolepis

Liberian Greenbul Phyllastrephus leucolepis is genetically indistinguishable from Icterine Greenbul Phyllastrephus icterinus (Collinson et al. 2018). As Liberian Greenbul has been known from only a single specimen, it is most probable that the “Liberian Greenbul” is only a rare plumage variant of Icterine Greenbul, and so is deleted.

Reference:

Collinson, J.M., M. Päckert, Y. Lawrie, W. Gatter, T. Töpfer, B. Phalan, and L. Fishpool. 2018. Taxonomic status of the Liberian Greenbull Phyllastrephus leucolepis and the conservation of the Cavalla Forest, Liberia. Journal of Ornithology 159: 19-27.

 

page 385, Canary Islands Kinglet Regulus teneriffae

Canary Islands Kinglet Regulus teneriffae is lumped into Goldcrest Regulus regulus, following Päckert et al. (2003, 2006). We continue to recognize teneriffae as a new monotypic group, Goldcrest (Tenerife) Regulus regulus teneriffae. Revise the range description for teneriffae from “Coniferous and mixed forests of Canary Islands” to “west central Canary Islands (La Gomera, Tenerife)”.

We add a previously overlooked subspecies, ellenthalarae Päckert, Dietzen, Martens, Wink, and Kvist 2006 (Päckert et al. 2006), with range “western Canary Islands (La Palma and El Hierro)”. We also recognize this taxon as a new monotypic group, Goldcrest (western Canary Islands) Regulus regulus ellenthalarae. Insert ellenthalarae immediately following the polytypic group Goldcrest (European) Regulus regulus [regulus Group].

References:

Päckert, M., J. Martens, J. Kosuch, A.A. Nazarenko, and M. Veith. 2003. Phylogenetic signal in the song of crests and kinglets (Aves: Regulus). Evolution 53: 616-629.

Päckert, M, C. Dietzen, J. Martens, M. Wink, and L. Kvist. 2006. Radiation of Atlantic goldcrests Regulus regulus spp.: evidence of a new taxon from the Canary Islands. Journal of Avian Biology 37: 364–380.

 

page 428, Timor Bush Warbler Locustella timorensis

Timor Bush Warbler Locustella timorensis is considered to be a subspecies of Javan Bush Warbler Locustella montis, following Alström et al. (2015b). We recognize each of the two subspecies of Javan Bush Warbler as new monotypic groups: Javan Bush Warbler (Javan) Locustella montis montis and Javan Bush Warbler (Timor) Locustalla montis timorensis.

Reference:

Alström, P., C. Xia, P.C Rasmussen, U. Olsson, B. Dai, J. Zhao, P.J. Leader, G.J. Carey, L. Dong, T. Cai, P.I Holt, H.L. Manh, G. Song, Y. Liu, Y. Zhang, and F. Lei. 2015b. Integrative taxonomy of the Russet Bush Warbler Locustella mandelli complex reveals a new species from central China. Avian Research 6: 9.

 

page 655, Cherrie’s Tanager Ramphocelus costaricensis

In accord with AOS-NACC (Chesser et al. 2018), Passerini’s Tanager Ramphocelus passerinii and Cherrie’s Tanager Ramphocelus costaricensis are lumped as Scarlet-rumped Tanager Ramphocelus passerinii, based in part on Freeman and Montgomery (2017). We recognize each subspecies as separate monotypic groups, Scarlet-rumped Tanager (Passerini’s) Ramphocelus passerinii passerinii and Scarlet-rumped Tanager (Cherrie’s) Ramphocelus passerinii costaricensis.

Revise the range description of nominate passerinii from “S Mexico (se Veracruz and ne Oaxaca) to w Panamar” to “Atlantic slope of Central America, from southern Mexico (southeastern Veracruz and northeastern Oaxaca) to western Panama (Ngäbe-Buglé)”.

References:

Chesser, R.T., K.J. Burns, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., D.F. Stotz, B.M. Winger, and K. Winker. 2018. Fifty-ninth supplement to the American Ornithological Society’s Check-list of North American birds. Auk 135: 798-813.

Freeman, B.G., and G.A. Montogomery. 2017. Using song playback experiments to measure species recognition between geographically isolated populations: a comparison with acoustic trait analyses. Auk 134: 857-870.

ORDERS AND FAMILIES

ORDERS (newly recognized orders)

pages 151-152, Musophagiformes Musophagidae (Turacos)

We recognize a new order, Musophagiformes, to encompass Turacos Musophagidae (Dickinson and Remsen 2013, Winkler et al. 2015); Musophagidae previously was classified in Cuculiformes. Position Musophagiformes to immediately follow Otidiformes.

References:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

Winkler, D.W., S.M. Billerman, and I.J. Lovette. 2015. Bird families of the world. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

ORDERS (sequence)

In accord with AOS-NACC (Chesser et al. 2016) and AOS-SACC (Proposal 723), the sequence of orders of nonpasserine birds is revised, following Hackett et al. (2008), Jarvis et al. (2014), Prum et al. (2015), and other sources. As a result, the sequence of orders between Galliformes and Coliiformes becomes:

Phoenicopteriformes

Podicipediformes

Columbiformes

Mesitornithiformes

Pterocliformes

Otidiformes

Musophagiformes

Cuculiformes

Caprimulgiformes

Opisthocomiformes

Gruiformes

Charadriiformes

Eurypygiformes

Phaethontiformes

Gaviiformes

Sphenisciformes

Procellariiformes

Ciconiiformes

Suliformes

Pelecaniformes

Cathartiformes

Accipitriformes

Strigiformes

The sequence of orders from Struthioniformes through Galliformes, and from Coliiformes through Passeriformes, remains unchanged.

References:

Chesser, R.T., K.J. Burns, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2016. Fifty-seventh supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American birds. Auk 133: 544-560.

Hackett, S.J., R.T. Kimball, S. Reddy, R.C.K. Bowie, E.L. Braun, M.J. Braun, J.L. Chojnowski, W.A. Cox, K.-L. Han, J. Harshman, C.J. Huddleston, B.D. Marks, K.J. Miglia, W.S. Moore, F.H. Sheldon, D.W. Steadman, C.C. Witt, and T. Yuri. 2008. A phylogenomic study of birds reveals their evolutionary history. Science 320: 1763-1768.

Jarvis, E.D., S. Mirarab, A.J. Aberer, B. Li, P. Houde, C. Li, S.Y.W. Ho, B.C. Faircloth, B. Nabholz, J.T. Howard, A. Suh, C.C. Weber, R.R. da Fonseca, J. Li, F. Zhang, H. Li, L. Zhou, N. Narula, L. Liu, G. Ganapathy, B. Boussau, Md. S. Bayzid, V. Zavidovych, S. Subramanian, T. Gabaldón, S. Capella-Gutiérrez, J. Huerta-Cepas, B. Rekepalli, K. Munch, M. Schierup, B. Lindow, W.C. Warren, D. Ray, R.E. Green, M.W. Bruford, X. Zhan, A. Dixon, S. Li, N. Li, Y. Huang, E.P. Derryberrry, M.F. Bertelsen, F.H. Sheldon, R.T. Brumfield, C.V. Mello, P.V. Lovell, M. Wirthlin, M.P.C. Schneider, F. Prosdocimi, J.A. Samaniego, A.M.V. Velazquez, A. Alfaro-Núñez, P.F. Campos, B. Petersen, T. Sicheritz-Ponten, A. Pas, T. Bailey, P. Scofield, M. Bunce, D.M. Lambert, Q. Zhou, P. Perelman, A.C. Driskell, B. Shapiro, Z. Xiong, Y. Zeng, S. Liu, Z. Li, B. Liu, K. Wu, J. Xiao, X. Yinqi, Q. Zheng, Y. Zhong, H. Yang, J. Wang, L. Smeds, F.E. Rheindt, M. Braun, J. Fjeldsa, L. Orlando, F.K. Barker, K.A. Jønsson, W. Johnson, K.-P. Koepfli, S. O’Brien, D. Haussler, O.A. Ryder, C. Rahbek, E. Willerslev, G.R. Graves, T.C. Glenn, J. McCormack, D. Burt, H. Ellegren, P. Alström, S.V. Edwards, A. Stamatakis, D.P. Mindell, J. Cracraft, E.L. Braun, T. Warnow, W. Jun, M.T. P. Gilbert, and G. Zhang. 2014. Whole-genome analyses resolve early branches in the tree of life of modern birds. Science 346: 1320-1331.

Prum, R.O., J.S. Berv, A. Dornburg, D.J. Field, J.P. Townsend, E.M. Lemmon, and A.R. Lemmon. 2015. A comprehensive phylogeny of birds (Aves) using targeted next-generation DNA sequencing. Nature 526: 569-573.

FAMILIES (newly recognized families)

pages 13-14, 699, Southern Storm-Petrels Oceanitidae

In accord with AOS-NACC (Chesser et al. 2018), we recognize a new family of storm-petrels, Southern Storm-Petrels Oceanitidae, following Nunn and Stanley (1998), Hackett et al. (2008), Prum et al. (2015), and Reddy et al. (2017). Oceanitidae includes the genera Oceanites, Garrodia, Pelagodroma, Fregetta, and Nesofregetta.

Resequence the families of tube-nosed seabirds from Albatrosses Diomedeidae; Shearwaters and Petrels Procellariidae; and Storm-Petrels Hydrobatidae to Albatrosses Diomedeidae; Southern Storm-Petrels Oceanitidae; Northern Storm-Petrels Hydrobatidae; and Shearwaters and Petrels Procellariidae.

References:

Chesser, R.T., K.J. Burns, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., D.F. Stotz, B.M. Winger, and K. Winker. 2018. Fifty-ninth supplement to the American Ornithological Society’s Check-list of North American birds. Auk 135: 798-813.

Hackett, S.J., R.T. Kimball, S. Reddy, R.C.K. Bowie, E.L. Braun, M.J. Braun, J.L. Chojnowski, W.A. Cox, K.-L. Han, J. Harshman, C.J. Huddleston, B.D. Marks, K.J. Miglia, W.S. Moore, F.H. Sheldon, D.W. Steadman, C.C. Witt, and T. Yuri. 2008. A phylogenomic study of birds reveals their evolutionary history. Science 320: 1763-1768.

Nunn, G.B., and S.E. Stanley. 1998. Body size effects and rates of cytochrome b evolution in tube-nosed seabirds. Molecular Biology and Evolution 15: 1360–1371.

Prum, R.O., J.S. Berv, A. Dornburg, D.J. Field, J.P. Townsend, E.M. Lemmon, and A.R. Lemmon. 2015. A comprehensive phylogeny of birds (Aves) using targeted next-generation DNA sequencing. Nature 526: 569-573.

Reddy, S., R.T. Kimball, A. Pandey, P.A. Hosner, M.J. Braun, S.J. Hackett, K.-L. Han, J. Harshman, C.J. Huddleston, S. Kingston, B.D. Marks, K.J. Miglia, W.S. Moore, F.H. Sheldon, C.C. Witt, T. Yuri, and E.L. Braun. 2017. Why do phylogenomic data sets yield conflicting trees? Data type influences the avian tree of life more than taxon sampling. Systematic Biology 66: 857-879.

 

page 586, Crested Shrikejay Platylophidae

Both morphological and genetic evidence indicate that Crested Jay Platylophus galericulatus is not a member of Corvidae (Crows, Jays, and Magpies) (Jønsson et al. 2008, Manegold 2008, Jønsson et al. 2011a, Aggerbeck et al. 2014). Its relationships remain unresolved: it may be near the base of the corvoid radiation (Jønsson et al. 2011a), or it may be sister to Laniidae (Shrikes) (Jønsson et al. 2008, Aggerbeck et al. 2014). We follow Winkler et al. (2015) in recognizing a new family, Platylophidae, for this species. Provisionally we position Platylophidae immediately following Oreoicidae (Australo-Papuan Bellbirds). Change the English name from Crested Jay to Crested Shrikejay.

References:

Aggerbeck, M., J. Fjeldså, L. Christidis, P.-H. Fabre, and K.A. Jønsson. 2014. Resolving deep lineage divergences in core corvoid passerine birds supports a proto-Papuan island origin. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 70: 272-285.

Jønsson, K.A., M. Irestedt, J. Fuchs, P.G.P. Ericson, L. Christidis, R.C.K. Bowie, J.A. Norman, E. Pasquet, and J. Fjeldså. 2008. Explosive avian radiations and multi-directional disperal across Wallacea: evidence from the Campephagidae and other Crown Corvida (Aves). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 47: 221-236.

Jønsson, K.A., P.-H. Fabre, R.E. Ricklefs, and J. Fjeldså. 2011a. Major global radiation of corvoid birds originated in the proto-Papuan archipelago. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 108: 2328–2333.

Manegold, A. 2008. Morphological characters of the tongue skeleton reveal phylogenetic relationships within the Corvidae (Oscines, Passeriformes). Emu 108: 321-330.

Winkler, D.W., S.M. Billerman, and I.J. Lovette. 2015. Bird families of the world. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

FAMILIES (composition)

page 473, Cerulean Paradise-Flycatcher Eutrichomyias rowleyi

Cerulean Paradise-Flycatcher is not a member of Monarch Flycatchers Monarchidae, but instead is most closely related to Drongo Fantail Chaetorhynchus papuensis and to the silktails (Lamprolia) (Jønsson et al. 2018). This set of species may merit recognition as a separate family (Silktails and Allies Lamproliidae; Jønsson et al. 2018), but currently we classify them as basal members of Fantails Rhipiduridae. Reposition Cerulean Paradise-Flycatcher to immediately follow Drongo Fantail. Revise the range description from “Rediscovered 1995 on Sangihe I. after considered extinct” to “Sangihe Island (northeast of Sulawesi)”.

Reference:

Jønsson, K.A., M.P.K. Blom. M. Packert, P.G.P. Ericson, and M. Irestedt. 2018. Relicts of the lost arc: high-throughput sequencing of the Eutrichomyias rowleyi (Aves: Passeriformes) holotype uncovers an ancient biogeographic link between the Philippines and Fiji. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 120: 28–32.

 

page 419, Rufous-vented Prinia Prinia burnesii

page 419, Swamp Prinia Prinia cinerascens

Rufous-vented Prinia is not a member of the genus Prinia, nor does it even belong to Cisticolidae (Cisticolas and Allies), the family that includes Prinia; instead, it is a member of Pellorneidae (Ground Babblers and Allies) (Olsson et al. 2013). Change the scientific name from Prinia burnesii to Laticilla burnesii (Olsson et al. 2013, Dickinson and Christidis 2014). The relationships of Laticilla within Pellorneidae are unresolved; provisionally we position Laticilla immediately following the genus Schoeniparus (Dickinson and Christidis 2014).

With the addition of subspecies nepalica Baral et al. 2008, Rufous-vented Prinia no longer is monotypic. Add an entry for the nominate subspecies, burnesii, immediately following the heading for the species. Revise the description of nominate burnesii from “Elephant and sarkhan grass of Pakistan to nw India (w Punjab)” to “Indus River Valley of Pakistan, and northwestern India (Punjab)”.

We add a previously overlooked subspecies, nepalicola Baral et al. (2007, 2008), with range “eastern Nepal”. Insert subspecies nepalicola immediately following the entry for nominate burnesii.

Swamp Prinia, which formerly was classified as a subspecies of Rufous-vented Prinia, follows that species to the genus Laticilla and to the family Pellorneidae (Ground Babblers and Allies) (Olsson et al. 2013). Change the scientific name from Prinia cinerascens to Laticilla cinerascens (Olsson et al. 2013, Dickinson and Christidis 2014).

References:

Baral, H.S., S. Basnet, B. Chaudhary, H. Chaudhary, T. Giri, and S. GC. 2007. A new subspecies of Rufous-vented Prinia Prinia burnesii (Aves: Cisticolidae) from Nepal. Danphe 16 (4): 1-10.

 

Baral, H.S., S. Basnet, B. Chaudhary, H. Chaudhary, T. Giri, and S. GC. 2008. A substitue name for Prinia burnesii nipalensis. Danphe 17 (1): 1-2.

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

Olsson, U., M. Irestedt, G. Sangster, P.G.P. Ericson, and P. Alström. 2013. Systematic revision of the avian family Cisticolidae based on a multi-locus phylogeny of all genera. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 66: 790-799.

 

page 461, Grandala Grandala coelicolor

Grandala is removed from Old World Flycatchers Muscicapidae and is transferred to Thrushes and Allies Turdidae, following Jønsson and Fjeldså (2006). Reposition Grandala at the head of Turdidae, immediately following Heuglin’s Wheatear Oenanthe heuglini.

Reference:

Jønsson, K.A., and J. Fjeldså. 2006. A phylogenetic supertree of oscine passerines (Aves: Passeri). Zoologica Scripta 35: 149-186.

 

page 649, Red-billed Pied Tanager Lamprospiza melanoleuca

page 653, Olive-green Tanager Orthogonys chloricterus

Red-billed Pied Tanager Lamprospiza melanoleuca and Olive-green Tanager Orthogonys chloricterus are members of Mitrospingidae (Mitrospingid Tanagers), not of Thraupidae (Tanagers and Allies) (Barker et al. 2013). Reposition Red-billed Pied Tanager to follow Olive-backed Tanager Mitrospingus oleagineus. Reposition Olive-green Tanager to follow Olive-backed Tanager and Red-billed Pied Tanager.

Reference:

Barker, F.K., K.J. Burns, J. Klicka, S.M. Lanyon, and I.J. Lovette. 2013. Going to extremes: contrasting rates of diversification in a recent radiation of New World passerine birds. Systematic Biology 62: 298-320.

FAMILIES (sequence)

In accord with AOS-NACC (Chesser et al. 2017), the sequence of families of the nine-primaried oscines is revised, following Barker et al. (2013, 2015). The sequence of families that we adopit is

Fringillidae         Finches, Euphonias, and Allies

Calcariidae          Longspurs and Snow Buntings

Rhodinocichlidae   Thrush-Tanager

Emberizidae        Old World Buntings

Passerellidae       New World Sparrows

Calyptophilidae   Chat-Tanagers

Phaenicophilidae   Hispaniolan Tanagers

Nesospingidae    Puerto Rican Tanager

Spindalidae         Spindalises

Zeledoniidae       Wrenthrush

Teretistridae        Cuban Warblers

Icteriidae             Yellow-breasted Chat

Icteridae              Troupials and Allies

Parulidae            New World Warblers

Mitrospingidae    Mitrospingid Tanagers

Cardinalidae       Cardinals and Allies

Thraupidae         Tanagers and Allies

References:

Barker, F.K., K.J. Burns, J. Klicka, S.M. Lanyon, and I.J. Lovette. 2013. Going to extremes: contrasting rates of diversification in a recent radiation of New World passerine birds. Systematic Biology 62: 298-320.

Barker, F.K., K.J. Burns, J. Klicka, S.M. Lanyon, and I.J. Lovette. 2015. New insights into New World biogeography: an integrated view from the phylogeny of blackbirds, cardinals, sparrows, tanagers, warblers, and allies. Auk 132: 333-348.

Chesser, R.T., K.J. Burns, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2017. Fifty-eighth supplement to the American Ornithological Society’s Check-list of North American birds. Auk 134: 751-773.

FAMILIES (nomenclature)

page 581, Pityriaseidae Bristlehead

Change the spelling of the family name Pityriaseidae to Pityriasidae (Dickinson and Christidis 2014).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

pages 649-650, 664, 676-687, Passerellidae New World Buntings and Sparrows

Change the English name of the family Passerellidae from New World Buntings and Sparrows to New World Sparrows.

 

STANDARD UPDATES and CORRECTIONS

The compilation of these updates and corrections is in progress; the full set of revisions will be posted as soon as this documentation is available. Initially we post a small subset of these updates and corrections, focusing on changes that affect the names (English or scientific) of species, or on the composition of species. In the meantime, please note that all revisions are documented in the eBird/Clements Checklist v2018 downloadable spreadsheet.

 

page 28, Radjah Shelduck Tadorna radjah

Change the scientific name of Radjah Shelduck from Tadorna radjah to Radjah radjah, based on genetic evidence that Tadorna is paraphyletic (Sraml et al. 1996, Gonzalez et al. 2009). Reposition Radjah Shelduck to immediately follow the genus Chloephaga.

References:

Gonzalez, J., H. Düttmann, and M. Wink. 2009. Phylogenetic relationships based on two mitochondrial genes and hybridization patterns in Anatidae. Journal of Zoology 279: 310-318.

Sraml, M., L. Christidis, S. Easteal, P. Horn, and C. Collet. 1996. Molecular relationships within Australasian waterfowl (Anseriformes). Australian Journal of Zoology 44: 47-58.

 

page 32, White-eyed Duck Aythya australis

Change the English name of Aythya australis from White-eyed Duck to Hardhead, to conform to widespread usage (e.g., Christidis and Boles 2008, Menkhorst et al. 2017).

References:

Christidis, L. and W.E. Boles. 2008. Systematics and taxonomy of Australian birds. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne.

Menkhorst, P., D. Rogers, R. Clarke, J. Davies, P. Marsack, and K. Franklin. 2017. The Australian bird guide. CSIRO Publishing, Clayton South, Victoria, Australia.

 

page 129, Zoe Imperial-Pigeon Ducula zoeae

Change the English name of Ducula zoeae from Zoe Imperial-Pigeon to Zoe’s Imperial-Pigeon (Jobling 2010).

Reference:

Jobling, J.A. 2010. The Helm dictionary of scientific bird names. Christopher Helm, London, United Kingdom.

 

page 152, Ruwenzori Turaco Ruwenzorornis johnstoni

Change the spelling of the English name of Ruwenzorornis johnstoni from Ruwenzori Turaco to Rwenzori Turaco.

Change the spelling of the English name of the monotypic group Ruwenzorornis johnstoni johnstoni from Ruwenzori Turaco (Ruwenzori) to Rwenzori Turaco (Rwenzori). Change the range description from “Ruwenzori Mountains (northeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo and southwestern Uganda)” to “Rwenzori Mountains (northeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo and southwestern Uganda)”.

Change the spelling of the English name of the monotypic group Ruwenzorornis johnstoni bredoi from Ruwenzori Turaco (Mt. Kabobo) to Rwenzori Turaco (Mt. Kabobo).

Change the spelling of the English name of the monotypic group Ruwenzorornis johnstoni kivuensis from Ruwenzori Turaco (Kivu) to Rwenzori Turaco (Kivu).

 

page 182, Montane Nightjar Caprimulgus ruwenzorii

Change the English name of Caprimulgus ruwenzorii from Montane Nightjar to Rwenzori Nightjar.

 

page 82, African Crake Crecopsis egregia

African Crake Crecopsis egregia is merged into the genus Crex, following Urban et al. (1986); change the scientific name from Crecopsis egregia to Crex egregia.

Reference:

Urban, E.K., C.H. Fry, and S. Keith. 1986. The birds of Africa. Volume II. Academic Press, London.

 

page 80, Slaty-breasted Rail Gallirallus striatus

Slaty-breasted Rail is not a member of the genus Gallirallus, but instead is related to the genus Lewinia (Garcia-R et al. 2014). Change the scientific name of Slaty-breasted Rail from Gallirallus striatus to Lewinia striata.

Change the spelling of the subspecies name taiwanus to taiwana.

Change the spelling of the nominate subspecies name striatus to striata.

Change the spelling of the subspecies name paratermus to paraterma.

Reference:

Garcia-R., J.C., G.C. Gibb, and S.A. Trewick. 2014. Deep global evolutionary radiation in birds: diversification and trait evolution in the cosmopolitan bird family Rallidae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 81: 96–108.

 

page 84, Invisible Rail Habroptila wallacii

Invisible Rail Habroptila wallacii is a basal member of the genus Gallirallus (Kirchman 2012); change the scientific name from Habroptila wallacii to Gallirallus wallacii.

Reference:

Kirchman, J.J. 2012. Speciation of flightless rails on islands: a DNA-based phylogeny of the typical rails of the Pacific. Auk 129: 56-69.

 

page 84, Chestnut Rail Eulabeornis castaneoventris

Chestnut Rail Eulabeornis castaneoventris is a basal member of the genus Gallirallus (Kirchman 2012, Garcia-R et al. 2014); change the scientific name from Eulabeornis castaneoventris to Gallirallus castaneoventris.

References:

Garcia-R., J.C., G.C. Gibb, and S.A. Trewick. 2014. Deep global evolutionary radiation in birds: diversification and trait evolution in the cosmopolitan bird family Rallidae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 81: 96–108.

Kirchman, J.J. 2012. Speciation of flightless rails on islands: a DNA-based phylogeny of the typical rails of the Pacific. Auk 129: 56-69.

 

page 80, Woodford’s Rail Nesoclopeus woodfordi

Woodford’s Rail Nesoclopeus woodfordi is embedded in the genus Gallirallus (Garcia-R et al. 2014). Change the scientific name from Nesoclopeus woodfordi to Gallirallus woodfordi. Reposition Woodford’s Rail to immediately follow New Britain Rail Gallirallus insignis.

Change the scientific name of the monotypic group Woodford’s Rail (Bougainville) from Nesoclopeus woodfordi tertius to Gallirallus woodfordi tertius.

Change the scientific name of the monotypic group Woodford’s Rail (Santa Isabel) from Nesoclopeus woodfordi immaculatus to Gallirallus woodfordi immaculatus.

Change the scientific name of the monotypic group Woodford’s Rail (Guadalcanal) from Nesoclopeus woodfordi woodfordi to Gallirallus woodfordi woodfordi.

Reference:

Garcia-R., J.C., G.C. Gibb, and S.A. Trewick. 2014. Deep global evolutionary radiation in birds: diversification and trait evolution in the cosmopolitan bird family Rallidae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 81: 96–108.

 

page 699, Bar-winged Rail Nesoclopeus poecilopterus

The genus Nesoclopeus is embedded in the genus Gallirallus (Garcia-R et al. 2014). Change the scientific name of Bar-winged Rail from Nesoclopeus poecilopterus to Gallirallus poecilopterus. Reposition Bar-winged Rail to immediately follow Woodford’s Rail Gallirallus woodfordi.

Reference:

Garcia-R., J.C., G.C. Gibb, and S.A. Trewick. 2014. Deep global evolutionary radiation in birds: diversification and trait evolution in the cosmopolitan bird family Rallidae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 81: 96–108.

 

page 85, Black-backed Swamphen Porphyrio indicus

One subspecies of Black-backed Swamphen, Porphyrio indicus viridis, is reassigned to Gray-headed Swamphen Porphyrio poliocephalus. Reposition Porphyrio poliocephalus viridis to immediately follow Porphyrio poliocephalus poliocephalus.

 

page 36, Black-shouldered Kite Elanus caeruleus

In accord with current widepread usage (e.g., Mullarney et al. 1999, Rasmussen and Anderton 2005, Beehler and Pratt 2016), change the English name of Elanus caeruleus from Black-shouldered Kite to Black-winged Kite.

Change the English name of the monotypic group Elanus caeruleus caeruleus from Black-shouldered Kite (African) to Black-winged Kite (African).

Change the English name of the polytypic group Elanus caeruleus [vociferus Group] from Black-shouldered Kite (Asian) to Black-winged Kite (Asian).

References:

Beehler, B.M., and T.K. Pratt. 2016. Birds of New Guinea: distribution, taxonomy, and systematics. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Mullarney, K., L. Svensson, D. Zetterström, and P.J. Grant. 1999. The complete guide to the birds of Europe. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Rasmussen, P.C., and J.C. Anderton. 2005. Birds of South Asia. The Ripley guide. Volume 2: attributes and status. Smithsonian Institution and Lynx Edicions, Washington D.C. and Barcelona.

 

page 36, Australian Kite Elanus axillaris

In accord with current usage (e.g., Christidis and Boles 2008), change the English name of Elanus axillaris from Australian Kite to Black-shouldered Kite.

Reference:

Christidis, L. and W.E. Boles. 2008. Systematics and taxonomy of Australian birds. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne.

 

page 47, Great Philippine Eagle Pithecophaga jefferyi

Change the English name of Pithecophaga jefferyi from Great Philippine Eagle to Philippine Eagle (Dickinson et al. 1991, Kennedy et al. 2000).

References:

Dickinson, E.C., R.S. Kennedy, and K.C. Parkes. 1991. The birds of the Philippines. An annotated check-list. British Ornithologists’ Union Check-list number 12. British Ornithologists’ Union, London.

Kennedy, R.S., P.C. Gonzales, E.C. Dickinson, H.C. Miranda, Jr., and T.H. Fisher. 2000. A guide to the birds of the Philippines. Oxford University Press, New York and Oxford, United Kingdom.

 

page 40, Frances’s Goshawk Accipiter francesiae

In accord with widespread usage (Langrand 1990, Morris and Hawkins 1998, Sinclair and Langrand 1998, Safford and Hawkins 2013), change the English name of Accipiter francesiae from Frances’s Goshawk to Frances’s Sparrowhawk.

References:

Langrand, O. 1990. Guide to the birds of Madagascar. Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut.

Morris, P., and F. Hawkins. 1998. Birds of Madagascar: a photographic guide. Yale

University Press, New Haven, Connecticut.

Safford, R., and F. Hawkins (editors). 2013. The birds of Africa. Volume VIII. The Malagasy region. Christopher Helm, London.

Sinclair, I., and O. Langrand. 1998. Birds of the Indian Ocean islands: Madagascar, Mauritius, Réunion, Rodrigues, Seychelles and the Comoros. Struik Publishers, Cape Town.

 

page 161, Madagascar Red Owl Tyto soumagnei

Change the English name of Tyto soumagnei from Madagascar Red Owl to Red Owl.

 

page 163, European Scops-Owl Otus scops

In accord with widespread usage (e.g., British Ornithologists’ Union 2013), change the English name of Otus scops from European Scops-Owl to Eurasian Scops-Owl.

Change the English name of the polytypic group Otus scops [scops Group] from European Scops-Owl (European) to Eurasian Scops-Owl (Eurasian).

Change the English name of the monotypic group Otus scops cyprius from European Scops-Owl (Cyprus) to Eurasian Scops-Owl (Cyprus).

Reference:

British Ornithologists’ Union. 2013. The British List: A Checklist of Birds of Britain (8th edition). Ibis 155: 635-676.

 

page 174, White-browed Owl Ninox superciliaris

White-browed Owl is a member of the genus Athene, not Ninox (Wink et al. 2008, Koparde et al. 2018). Change the scientific name from Ninox superciliaris to Athene superciliaris. Reposition White-browed Owl to immediately follow Forest Owlet Athene blewitti.

References:

Koparde, P. P. Mehta, S. Reddy, U. Ramakrishnan, S. Mukherjee, and V.V. Robin. 2018. The critically endangered forest owlet Heteroglaux blewitti is nested within the currently recognized Athene clade: a century-old debate addressed. PLoS ONE 13: e0192359.

 

page 175, African Long-eared Owl Asio abyssinicus

Change the English name of Asio abyssinicus from African Long-eared Owl to Abyssinian Owl.

Revise the range description for subspecies graueri from “Ruwenzori Mountains, Mt. Kabobo (eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo), and Mt. Kenya (Kenya)” to “Rwenzori Mountains (northeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo and southwestern Uganda), Mt. Kabobo (eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo), and Mt. Kenya (Kenya)”.

 

page 176, Madagascar Long-eared Owl Asio madagascariensis

Change the English name of Asio madagascariensis from Madagascar Long-eared Owl to Madagascar Owl.

 

page 228, Cuckoo-Roller Leptosomus discolor

Change the English name of Leptosomus discolor from Cuckoo-Roller to Cuckoo-roller.

 

page 217, Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher Ceyx erithaca

page 217, Rufous-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher Ceyx rufidorsa

Subspecies motleyi, captus, and jungei, all previously classified as subspecies of Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher, instead belong in Rufous-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher. Change the respective scientific names from Ceyx erithaca motleyi to Ceyx rufidorsa motleyi; from Ceyx erithaca captus to Ceyx rufidorsa captus; and from Ceyx erithaca jungei to Ceyx rufidorsa jungei.

 

page 246, African Piculet Sasia africana

Change the scientific name of African Piculet from Sasia africana to Verreauxia africana (Fuchs et al. 2006).

Reference:

Fuchs, J., J.I. Ohlson, P.G.P. Ericson, and E. Pasquet. 2006. Molecular phylogeny and biogeographic history of the piculets (Piciformes: Picumninae). Journal of Avian Biology 37: 487-496.

 

page 250, Sulawesi Woodpecker Dendrocopos temminckii

page 250, Philippine Woodpecker Dendrocopos maculatus

page 250, Sulu Woodpecker Dendrocopos ramsayi

page 250, Brown-capped Woodpecker Dendrocopos nanus

page 250, Sunda Woodpecker Dendrocopos moluccensis

page 250, Gray-capped Woodpecker Dendrocopos canicapillus

page 250, Pygmy Woodpecker Dendrocopos kizuki

The traditional Dendrocopos is not monophyletic, and consequently is partitioned into five genera (Fuchs and Pons 2015; see also Shakya et al. 2017).

Change the scientific name of Sulawesi Woodpecker from Dendrocopos temminckii to Yungipicus temminckii (Fuchs and Pons 2015).

Change the scientific name of Philippine Woodpecker from Dendrocopos maculatus to Yungipicus maculatus (Fuchs and Pons 2015).

Change the scientific name of Sulu Woodpecker from Dendrocopos ramsayi to Yungipicus ramsayi (Fuchs and Pons 2015).

Change the scientific name of Brown-capped Woodpecker from Dendrocopos nanus to Yungipicus nanus (Fuchs and Pons 2015).

Change the scientific name of Sunda Woodpecker from Dendrocopos moluccensis to Yungipicus moluccensis (Fuchs and Pons 2015).

Change the scientific name of Gray-capped Woodpecker from Dendrocopos canicapillus to Yungipicus canicapillus (Fuchs and Pons 2015).

Change the scientific name of Pygmy Woodpecker from Dendrocopos kizuki to Yungipicus kizuki (Fuchs and Pons 2015).

The sequence of species of Yungipicus is revised (Fuchs and Pons 2015, Dufort 2016, Shakya et al. 2017).

References:

Dufort, M.J. 2016. An augmented supermatrix phylogeny of the avian family Picidae reveals uncertainty deep in the family tree. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 94: 313-326.

Fuchs, J., and J.-M. Pons. 2015. A new classification of the pied woodpeckers assemblage (Dendropicini: Picidae) based on a comprehensive multi-locus phylogeny. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 88: 28-37.

Shakya, S.B., J. Fuchs, J.-M. Pons, and F.H. Sheldon. 2017. Tapping the woodpecker tree for evolutionary insight. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 116: 182-191.

 

page 251, Yellow-crowned Woodpecker Dendrocopos mahrattensis

The traditional Dendrocopos is not monophyletic, and consequently is partitioned into five genera (Fuchs and Pons 2015; see also Shakya et al. 2017). Change the scientific name of Yellow-crowned Woodpecker from Dendrocopos mahrattensis to Leiopicus mahrattensis (Fuchs and Pons 2015).

References:

Fuchs, J., and J.-M. Pons. 2015. A new classification of the pied woodpeckers assemblage (Dendropicini: Picidae) based on a comprehensive multi-locus phylogeny. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 88: 28-37.

Shakya, S.B., J. Fuchs, J.-M. Pons, and F.H. Sheldon. 2017. Tapping the woodpecker tree for evolutionary insight. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 116: 182-191.

 

page 251, Middle Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos medius

page 251, Brown-fronted Woodpecker Dendrocopos auriceps

page 251, Arabian Woodpecker Dendrocopos dorae

The traditional Dendrocopos is not monophyletic, and consequently is partitioned into five genera (Fuchs and Pons 2015; see also Dufort 2016, Shakya et al. 2017).

Change the scientific name of Middle Spotted Woodpecker from Dendrocopos medius to Dendrocoptes medius (Fuchs and Pons 2015).

Change the scientific name of Brown-fronted Woodpecker from Dendrocopos auriceps to Dendrocoptes auriceps (Fuchs and Pons 2015).

Change the scientific name of Arabian Woodpecker from Dendrocopos dorae to Dendrocoptes dorae (Fuchs and Pons 2015).

The sequence of species of Dendrocoptes is revised.

References:

Dufort, M.J. 2016. An augmented supermatrix phylogeny of the avian family Picidae reveals uncertainty deep in the family tree. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 94: 313-326.

Fuchs, J., and J.-M. Pons. 2015. A new classification of the pied woodpeckers assemblage (Dendropicini: Picidae) based on a comprehensive multi-locus phylogeny. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 88: 28-37.

Shakya, S.B., J. Fuchs, J.-M. Pons, and F.H. Sheldon. 2017. Tapping the woodpecker tree for evolutionary insight. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 116: 182-191.

 

page 249, Abyssinian Woodpecker Dendropicos abyssinicus

page 249, Melancholy Woodpecker Dendropicos lugubris

page 249, Gabon Woodpecker Dendropicos gabonensis

page 249, Elliot’s Woodpecker Dendropicos elliotii

page 249, Little Gray Woodpecker Dendropicos elachus

page 249, Speckle-breasted Woodpecker Dendropicos poecilolaemus

page 249, Cardinal Woodpecker Dendropicos fuscescens

page 249, Bearded Woodpecker Dendropicos namaquus

page 249, Fire-bellied Woodpecker Dendropicos pyrrhogaster

page 249, Golden-crowned Woodpecker Dendropicos xantholophus

page 249, Stierling’s Woodpecker Dendropicos stierlingi

page 250, Brown-backed Woodpecker Dendropicos obsoletus

page 250, African Gray Woodpecker Dendropicos goertae

page 250, Mountain Gray Woodpecker Dendropicos spodocephalus

page 250, Olive Woodpecker Dendropicos griseocephalus

Change the scientific name of Abyssinian Woodpecker from Dendropicos abyssinicus to Chloropicus abyssinicus (Dickinson and Remsen 2013, Dufort 2016, Shakya et al. 2017).

Change the scientific name of Melancholy Woodpecker from Dendropicos lugubris to Chloropicus lugubris (Dickinson and Remsen 2013, Dufort 2016, Shakya et al. 2017).

Change the scientific name of Gabon Woodpecker from Dendropicos gabonensis to Chloropicus gabonensis (Dickinson and Remsen 2013, Dufort 2016, Shakya et al. 2017).

Change the scientific name of Elliot’s Woodpecker from Dendropicos elliotii to Chloropicus elliotii (Dickinson and Remsen 2013, Dufort 2016, Shakya et al. 2017). Change the scientific name of the monotypic group Elliot’s Woodpecker (Elliot’s) from Dendropicos elliotii elliotii to Chloropicus elliotii elliotii. Change the scientific name of the monotypic group Elliot’s Woodpecker (Johnston’s) from Dendropicos elliotii johnstoni to Chloropicus elliotii johnstoni.

Change the scientific name of Little Gray Woodpecker from Dendropicos elachus to Chloropicus elachus (Dickinson and Remsen 2013, Dufort 2016, Shakya et al. 2017).

Change the scientific name of Speckle-breasted Woodpecker from Dendropicos poecilolaemus to Chloropicus poecilolaemus (Dickinson and Remsen 2013, Dufort 2016, Shakya et al. 2017).

Change the scientific name of Cardinal Woodpecker from Dendropicos fuscescens to Chloropicus fuscescens (Dickinson and Remsen 2013, Dufort 2016, Shakya et al. 2017).

Change the scientific name of Bearded Woodpecker from Dendropicos namaquus to Chloropicus namaquus (Dickinson and Remsen 2013, Dufort 2016, Shakya et al. 2017).

Change the scientific name of Fire-bellied Woodpecker from Dendropicos pyrrhogaster to Chloropicus pyrrhogaster (Dickinson and Remsen 2013, Dufort 2016, Shakya et al. 2017).

Change the scientific name of Golden-crowned Woodpecker from Dendropicos xantholophus to Chloropicus xantholophus (Dickinson and Remsen 2013, Dufort 2016, Shakya et al. 2017).

Change the scientific name of Stierling’s Woodpecker from Dendropicos stierlingi to Chloropicus stierlingi (Dickinson and Remsen 2013, Dufort 2016, Shakya et al. 2017).

Change the scientific name of Brown-backed Woodpecker from Dendropicos obsoletus to Chloropicus obsoletus (Dickinson and Remsen 2013, Dufort 2016, Shakya et al. 2017).

Change the scientific name of African Gray Woodpecker from Dendropicos goertae to Chloropicus goertae (Dickinson and Remsen 2013, Dufort 2016, Shakya et al. 2017). Change the scientific name of the polytypic group African Gray Woodpecker (Gray) from Dendropicos goertae [goertae Group] to Chloropicus goertae [goertae Group]. Change the scientific name of the monotypic group African Gray Woodpecker (Sahel) from Dendropicos goertae koenigi to Chloropicus goertae koenigi.

Change the scientific name of Mountain Gray Woodpecker from Dendropicos spodocephalus to Chloropicus spodocephalus (Dickinson and Remsen 2013, Dufort 2016, Shakya et al. 2017).

Change the scientific name of Olive Woodpecker from Dendropicos griseocephalus to Chloropicus griseocephalus (Dickinson and Remsen 2013, Dufort 2016, Shakya et al. 2017). Change the scientific name of the monotypic group Olive Woodpecker (Red-bellied) from Dendropicos griseocephalus ruwenzori to Chloropicus griseocephalus ruwenzori. Change the scientific name of the monotypic group Olive Woodpecker (Montane) from Dendropicos griseocephalus kilimensis to Chloropicus griseocephalus kilimensis. Change the scientific name of the monotypic group Olive Woodpecker (Southern) from Dendropicos griseocephalus griseocephalus to Chloropicus griseocephalus griseocephalus.

The sequence of species of Chloropicus is revised (Shakya et al. 2017; see also Fuchs and Pons 2015, Dufort 2016).

References:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

Dufort, M.J. 2016. An augmented supermatrix phylogeny of the avian family Picidae reveals uncertainty deep in the family tree. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 94: 313-326.

Shakya, S.B., J. Fuchs, J.-M. Pons, and F.H. Sheldon. 2017. Tapping the woodpecker tree for evolutionary insight. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 116: 182-191.

 

page 260, Okinawa Woodpecker Sapheopipo noguchii

The genus Sapheopipo is embedded within Dendrocopos (Fuchs and Pons 2015; see also Shakya et al. 2017). Change the scientific name of Okinawa Woodpecker from Sapheopipo noguchii to Dendrocopos noguchii.

References:

Fuchs, J., and J.-M. Pons. 2015. A new classification of the pied woodpeckers assemblage (Dendropicini: Picidae) based on a comprehensive multi-locus phylogeny. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 88: 28-37.

Shakya, S.B., J. Fuchs, J.-M. Pons, and F.H. Sheldon. 2017. Tapping the woodpecker tree for evolutionary insight. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 116: 182-191.

 

pages 250-251, Lesser Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos minor

page 251, Crimson-breasted Woodpecker Dendrocopos cathpharius

page 252, Downy Woodpecker Picoides pubescens

page 252, Nuttall’s Woodpecker Picoides nuttallii

page 252, Ladder-backed Woodpecker Picoides scalaris

page 252, Red-cockaded Woodpecker Picoides borealis

page 253, Hairy Woodpecker Picoides villosus

page 253, White-headed Woodpecker Picoides albolarvatus

page 253, Smoky-brown Woodpecker Picoides fumigatus

page 252, Strickland’s Woodpecker Picoides stricklandi

page 252, Arizona Woodpecker Picoides arizonae

page 254, Red-rumped Woodpecker Veniliornis kirkii

page 254, Golden-collared Woodpecker Veniliornis cassini

page 254, White-spotted Woodpecker Veniliornis spilogaster

page 252, Checkered Woodpecker Veniliornis mixtus

page 252, Striped Woodpecker Veniliornis lignarius

page 254, Blood-colored Woodpecker Veniliornis sanguineus

page 253, Little Woodpecker Veniliornis passerinus

page 254, Dot-fronted Woodpecker Veniliornis frontalis

page 253, Scarlet-backed Woodpecker Veniliornis callonotus

page 253, Yellow-vented Woodpecker Veniliornis dignus

page 253, Bar-bellied Woodpecker Veniliornis nigriceps

page 254, Red-stained Woodpecker Veniliornis affinis

page 254, Choco Woodpecker Veniliornis chocoensis

page 254, Yellow-eared Woodpecker Veniliornis maculifrons

The traditional Dendrocopos is not monophyletic, and consequently is partitioned into five genera (Fuchs and Pons 2015; see also Shakya et al. 2017).

Change the scientific name of Lesser Spotted Woodpecker from Dendrocopos minor to Dryobates minor (Fuchs and Pons 2015, Dufort 2016, Shakya et al. 2017).

Change the scientific name of Crimson-breasted Woodpecker from Dendrocopos cathpharius to Dryobates cathpharius (Fuchs and Pons 2015, Dufort 2016, Shakya et al. 2017). Change the scientific name of the polytypic group Crimson-breasted Woodpecker (Scarlet-breasted) from Dendrocopos cathpharius [cathpharius Group] to Dryobates cathpharius [cathpharius Group]. Change the scientific name of the polytypic group Crimson-breasted Woodpecker (Crimson-breasted) from Dendrocopos cathpharius [pernyii Group] to Dryobates cathpharius [pernyii Group].

In accord with AOS-NACC (Chesser et al. 2018), following Fuchs and Pons (2015), Dufort (2016), Shakya et al. (2017), and other references, make the following changes to the scientific names of these New World woodpeckers:

Change the scientific name of Downy Woodpecker from Picoides pubescens to Dryobates pubescens. Change the scientific name of the polytypic group Downy Woodpecker (Eastern) from Picoides pubescens pubescens/medianus to Dryobates pubescens pubescens/medianus. Change the scientific name of the polytypic group Downy Woodpecker (Rocky Mts.) from Picoides pubescens leucurus/glacialis to Dryobates pubescens leucurus/glacialis. Change the scientific name of the polytypic group Downy Woodpecker (Pacific) from Picoides pubescens gairdnerii/turati to Dryobates pubescens gairdnerii/turati.

Change the scientific name of Nuttall’s Woodpecker from Picoides nuttallii to Dryobates nuttallii.

Change the scientific name of Ladder-backed Woodpecker from Picoides scalaris to Dryobates scalaris, following Fuchs and Pons (2015), Dufort (2016), Shakya et al. (2017), and other references.

Change the scientific name of Red-cockaded Woodpecker from Picoides borealis to Dryobates borealis, following Fuchs and Pons (2015), Dufort (2016), Shakya et al. (2017), and other references.

Change the scientific name of Hairy Woodpecker from Picoides villosus to Dryobates villosus, following Fuchs and Pons (2015), Dufort (2016), Shakya et al. (2017), and other references. Change the scientific name of the polytypic group Hairy Woodpecker (Eastern) from Picoides villosus [villosus Group] to Dryobates villosus [villosus Group]. Change the scientific name of the polytypic group Hairy Woodpecker (Pacific) from Picoides villosus [harrisi Group] to Dryobates villosus [harrisi Group]. Change the scientific name of the polytypic group Hairy Woodpecker (Rocky Mts) from Picoides villosus orius/icastus to Dryobates villosus orius/icastus. Change the scientific name of the polytypic group Hairy Woodpecker (South Mexican) from Picoides villosus jardinii/sanctorum to Dryobates villosus jardinii/sanctorum. Change the scientific name of the monotypic group Hairy Woodpecker (Costa Rican) from Picoides villosus extimus to Dryobates villosus extimus.

Change the scientific name of White-headed Woodpecker from Picoides albolarvatus to Dryobates albolarvatus.

Change the scientific name of Smoky-brown Woodpecker from Picoides fumigatus to Dryobates fumigatus.

Change the scientific name of Strickland’s Woodpecker from Picoides stricklandi to Dryobates stricklandi.

Change the scientific name of Arizona Woodpecker from Picoides arizonae to Dryobates arizonae.

Change the scientific name of Red-rumped Woodpecker from Veniliornis kirkii to Dryobates kirkii.

Change the scientific name of Golden-collared Woodpecker from Veniliornis cassini to Dryobates cassini.

Change the scientific name of White-spotted Woodpecker from Veniliornis spilogaster to Dryobates spilogaster.

Change the scientific name of Checkered Woodpecker from Veniliornis mixtus to Dryobates mixtus.

Change the scientific name of Striped Woodpecker from Veniliornis lignarius to Dryobates lignarius.

Change the scientific name of Blood-colored Woodpecker from Veniliornis sanguineus to Dryobates sanguineus.

Change the scientific name of Little Woodpecker from Veniliornis passerinus to Dryobates passerinus.

Change the scientific name of Dot-fronted Woodpecker from Veniliornis frontalis to Dryobates frontalis.

Change the scientific name of Scarlet-backed Woodpecker from Veniliornis callonotus to Dryobates callonotus.

Change the scientific name of Yellow-vented Woodpecker from Veniliornis dignus to Dryobates dignus.

Change the scientific name of Bar-bellied Woodpecker from Veniliornis nigriceps to Dryobates nigriceps.

Change the scientific name of Red-stained Woodpecker from Veniliornis affinis to Dryobates affinis.

Change the scientific name of Choco Woodpecker from Veniliornis chocoensis to Dryobates chocoensis.

Change the scientific name of Yellow-eared Woodpecker from Veniliornis maculifrons to Dryobates maculifrons.

The sequence of species of Dryobates is revised (Fuchs and Pons 2015, Dufort 2016, Shakya et al. 2017); see also Chesser et al. (2018).

References:

Chesser, R.T., K.J. Burns, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., D.F. Stotz, B.M. Winger, and K. Winker. 2018. Fifty-ninth supplement to the American Ornithological Society’s Check-list of North American birds. Auk 135: 798-813.

Dufort, M.J. 2016. An augmented supermatrix phylogeny of the avian family Picidae reveals uncertainty deep in the family tree. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 94: 313-326.

Fuchs, J., and J.-M. Pons. 2015. A new classification of the pied woodpeckers assemblage (Dendropicini: Picidae) based on a comprehensive multi-locus phylogeny. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 88: 28-37.

Shakya, S.B., J. Fuchs, J.-M. Pons, and F.H. Sheldon. 2017. Tapping the woodpecker tree for evolutionary insight. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 116: 182-191.

 

page 258, Banded Woodpecker Picus miniaceus

pages 258-259, Greater Yellownape Picus flavinucha

page 259, Checker-throated Woodpecker Picus mentalis

The traditional genus Picus is not monophyletic (Fuchs et al. 2008, Dufort 2016, and Shakya et al. 2017).

Change the scientific name of Banded Woodpecker from Picus miniaceus to Chrysophlegma miniaceum (Fuchs et al. 2008). Change the spelling of the subspecies name perlutus to perlutum. Change the spelling of the subspecies name malaccensis to malaccense. Change the spelling of the subspecies name niasensis to niasense. Change the spelling of the name of the nominate subspecies from miniaceus to miniaceum.

Change the scientific name of Greater Yellownape from Picus flavinucha to Chrysophlegma flavinucha (Fuchs et al. (2008). Change the spelling of the subspecies name mystacalis to mystacale.

Change the scientific name of Checker-throated Woodpecker from Picus mentalis to Chrysophlegma mentale (Fuchs et al. 2008).

Change the scientific name of Checker-throated Woodpecker from Picus mentalis to Chrysophlegma mentale (Fuchs et al. 2008). Change the spelling of the scientific name of the monotypic group Checker-throated Woodpecker (Checker-throated) from Picus mentalis humii to Chrysophlegma mentale humii. Change the spelling of the scientific name of the monotypic group Checker-throated Woodpecker (Javan) from Picus mentalis mentalis to Chrysophlegma mentale mentale.

References:

Dufort, M.J. 2016. An augmented supermatrix phylogeny of the avian family Picidae reveals uncertainty deep in the family tree. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 94: 313-326.

Fuchs, J., J.-M. Pons, P.G.P. Ericson, C. Bonillo, A. Couloux, and E. Pasquet. 2008. Molecular support for a rapid cladogenesis of the woodpecker clade Malarpicini, with further insights into the genus Picus (Piciformes: Picinae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 48: 34-36.

Shakya, S.B., J. Fuchs, J.-M. Pons, and F.H. Sheldon. 2017. Tapping the woodpecker tree for evolutionary insight. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 116: 182-191.

 

page 141, Greater Vasa Parrot Mascarinus vasa

page 141, Lesser Vasa Parrot Mascarinus niger

page 141, Seychelles Parrot Mascarinus barklyi

Vasa parrots are not closely related to Mascarene Parrot Mascarinus mascarin (Podsiadlowski et al. 2017).

Change the scientific name of Greater Vasa-Parrot from Mascarinus vasa to Coracopsis vasa, and change the English name from Greater Vasa-Parrot to Greater Vasa Parrot (e.g., Dowsett and Forbes-Watson 1993, Safford and Hawkins 2013).

Change the scientific name of Lesser Vasa-Parrot from Mascarinus niger to Coracopsis nigra, and change the English name from Lesser Vasa-Parrot to Lesser Vasa Parrot (e.g., Dowsett and Forbes-Watson 1993, Safford and Hawkins 2013). Change the spelling of the name of the nominate subspecies from niger to nigra.

Change the scientific name of Seychelles Parrot from Mascarinus barklyi to Coracopsis barklyi. Reposition Seychelles Parrot to follow, not precede, Lesser Vasa Parrot.

References:

Dowsett, R.J., and A.D. Forbes-Watson. 1993. Checklist of birds of the Afrotropical and Malagasy regions. Volume 1: species limits and distribution. Tauraco Press, Liège, Belgium.

Podsiadlowski, L., A. Gamauf, and T. Töpfer. 2017. Revising the phylogenetic position of the extinct Mascarene Parrot Mascarinus mascarin (Linnaeus 1771) (Aves: Psittaciformes: Psittacidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 107: 499-502.

Safford, R., and F. Hawkins (editors). 2013. The birds of Africa. Volume VIII. The Malagasy region. Christopher Helm, London.

 

page 700, Stephens Island Wren Xenicus lyalli

Change the scientific name of Stephens Island Wren from Xenicus lyalli to Traversia lyalli (Mitchell et al. 2016); reposition Stephens Island Wren at the beginning, not at the end, of New Zealand Wrens Acanthisittidae (Mitchell et al. 2016).

Reference:

Mitchell K.J., J.R. Wood, B. Llamas, P.A. McLenachen, O. Kardailsky, R.P. Scofield, T.H. Worthy, and A. Cooper. 2016. Ancient mitochondrial genomes clarify the evolutionary history of New Zealand’s enigmatic acanthisittid wrens. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 102: 295-304.

 

page 265, Sunbird Asity Neodrepanis coruscans

page 265, Yellow-bellied Asity Neodrepanis hypoxantha

Change the English name of Neodrepanis coruscans from Sunbird Asity to Common Sunbird-Asity (Sinclair and Langrand 1998, Safford and Hawkins 2013).

Change the English name of Neodrepanis hypoxantha from Yellow-bellied Asity to Yellow-bellied Sunbird-Asity (Sinclair and Langrand 1998, Safford and Hawkins 2013).

References:

Safford, R., and F. Hawkins (editors). 2013. The birds of Africa. Volume VIII. The Malagasy region. Christopher Helm, London.

Sinclair, I., and O. Langrand. 1998. Birds of the Indian Ocean islands: Madagascar, Mauritius, Réunion, Rodrigues, Seychelles and the Comoros. Struik Publishers, Cape Town.

 

page 300, White-lined Antbird Percnostola lophotes

In accord with AOS-SACC (Proposal 744), change the scientific name of White-lined Antbird from Percnostola lophotes to Myrmoborus lophotes, following Isler et al. (2013). Reposition White-lined Antbird to immediately follow Black-tailed Antbird Myrmoborus melanurus.

Reference:

Isler, M.L., G.A. Bravo, and R.T. Brumfield. 2013. Taxonomic revision of Myrmeciza (Aves: Passeriformes: Thamnophilidae) into 12 genera based on phylogenetic, morphological, behavioral, and ecological data. Zootaxa 3717: 469-497.

 

page 303, White-throated Antbird Gymnopithys salvini

page 303, Lunulated Antbird Gymnopithys lunulatus

In accord with AOS-SACC (Proposal 740), change the scientific name of White-throated Antbird from Gymnopithys salvini to Oneillornis salvini, following Brumfield et al. (2007) and Isler et al. (2014).

Change the scientific name of Lunulated Antbird from Gymnopithys lunulatus to Oneillornis lunulatus, following Brumfield et al. (2007) and Isler et al. (2014).

References:

Brumfield, R.T., J.G. Tello, Z. Cheviron, M.D. Carling, N. Crochet, and K. V. Rosenberg. 2007. Phylogenetic conservatism and antiquity of a tropical specialization: army-ant-following in the typical antbirds (Thamnophilidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 45: 1-13.

Isler, M.L., G.A. Bravo, and R.T. Brumfield. 2014. Systematics of the obligate ant-following clade of antbirds (Aves: Passeriformes: Thamnophilidae). Wilson Journal of Ornithology 126: 635–648.

 

page 324, Golden-faced Tyrannulet Zimmerius chrysops

Following Rheindt et al. (2013, 2014; and see also AOS-SACC Proposal 766), the monotypic group Golden-faced Tyrannulet (Loja) Zimmerius chrysops flavidifrons is reclassified as Peruvian Tyrannulet (Loja) Zimmerius viridiflavus flavidifrons. Position flavidifrons immediately following the heading for Peruvian Tyrannulet Zimmerius viridiflavus.

References:

Rheindt, F.E., A.M. Cuervo, and R.T. Brumfield. 2013. Rampant polyphyly indicates cryptic diversity in a clade of Neotropical flycatchers (Aves: Tyrannidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 108: 889–900.

Rheindt, F.E., M.K. Fujita, P.R. Wilton, and S.V. Edwards. 2014. Introgression and phenotypic assimilation in Zimmerius flycatchers (Tyrannidae): population genetic and phylogenetic inferences from genome-wide SNPs. Systematic Biology 63: 134-152.

 

page 586, Tooth-billed Catbird Scenopoeetes dentirostris

Change the English name of Scenopoeetes dentirostris from Tooth-billed Catbird to Tooth-billed Bowerbird (Schodde and Mason 1999, Christidis and Boles 2008).

References:

Christidis, L. and W.E. Boles. 2008. Systematics and taxonomy of Australian birds. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne.

Schodde, R., and I.J. Mason. 1999. The directory of Australian birds. Passerines. CSIRO Publishing, Canberra.

 

page 586, Macgregor’s Bowerbird Amblyornis macgregoriae

Revise the spelling of the English name of Amblyornis macgregoriae from Macgregor’s Bowerbird to MacGregor’s Bowerbird (Beehler and Pratt 2016).

Reference:

Beehler, B.M., and T.K. Pratt. 2016. Birds of New Guinea: distribution, taxonomy, and systematics. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 467, Ruwenzori Batis Batis diops

Change the spelling of the English name of Batis diops from Ruwenzori Batis to Rwenzori Batis.

 

page 574, Mountain Sooty Boubou Laniarius poensis

Change the English name of Laniarius poensis from Mountain Sooty Boubou to Western Boubou.

Change the English name of the monotypic group Laniarius poensis camerunensis from Mountain Sooty Boubou (Cameroon) to Western Boubou (Cameroon).

Change the English name of the monotypic group Laniarius poensis poensis from Mountain Sooty Boubou (Bioko) to Western Boubou (Bioko).

 

page 487, Rusty Pitohui Colluricincla ferruginea

Change the scientific name of Rusty Pitohui from Colluricincla ferruginea to Pseudorectes ferrugineus (Dickinson and Christidis 2014).

Change the spelling of subspecies name leucorhyncha to leucorhynchus.

Change the spelling of subspecies name fusca to fuscus.

Change the spelling of subspecies name ferruginea to ferrugineus.

Change the spelling of subspecies name holerythra to holerythrus.

Change the spelling of subspecies name clara to clarus.

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 487, White-bellied Pitohui Colluricincla incerta

Change the scientific name of White-bellied Pitohui from Colluricincla incerta to Pseudorectes incertus (Dickinson and Christidis 2014).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 485, Vanuatu Whistler Pachycephala chlorura

Subspecies vanikorensis is transferred from Vanuatu Whistler to Temotu Whistler Pachycephala vanikorensis, and subspecies littayei is transferred to Vanuatu Whistler from New Caledonian Whistler Pachycephala caledonica. The sequence of subspecies of Vanuatu Whistler is revised.

Revise the range description of subspecies intacta from “Vanuatu and Banks Group” to “Vanuatu (Banks Group, and larger islands of Vanuatu south to Efate)”.

Revise the range description of nominate chlorura from “Erromango (Vanuatu)” to “southern Vanuatu (Erromango)”.

Revise the range description of subspecies cucullata from “Aneityum (Vanuatu)” to “southern Vanuatu (Aneityum)”.

 

page 486, New Caledonian Whistler Pachycephala caledonica

We follow Mayr (1967) in recognizing New Caledonian Whistler Pachycephala caledonica as monotypic. Transfer subspecies littayei from New Caledonian Whistler to Vanuatu Whistler Pachycephala chlorura, and position littayei immediately following subspecies cucullata. Revise the range description from “Loyalty Islands (Lifou and Maré)” to “Loyalty Islands (Ouvéa and Lifou)”. Delete the entry for Pachycephala caledonica caledonica.

Reference:

Mayr, E. 1967. Subfamily Pachycephalinae, whistlers or thickheads. Pages 3-51 in R.A. Paynter, Jr. (editor), Check-list of birds of the world. Volume XII. Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

 

page 485, Temotu Whistler Pachycephala utupuae

With the transfer of subspecies vanikorensis from Vanuatu Whistler Pachycephala chlorura to Temotu Whistler, change the scientific name of Temotu Whistler from Pachycephala utupuae to Pachycephala vanikorensis.

Reposition subspecies ornata to precede (rather than follow) subspecies utupuae. Revise the range description of subspecies ornata from “N Santa Cruz Islands” to “northern Santa Cruz Islands (Nendo, Reef Islands, and Duff Islands)”.

Revise the range description of nominate utupuae from “Utupua I. (Solomon Islands)” to “central Santa Cruz Islands (Utupua Island)”.

The affinities of subspecies vanikorensis are not known with certainty. Previously we classified vanikorensis as a subspecies of Vanuatu Whistler Pachycephala chlorura, but on the basis of geography, it seems more likely to belong with Temotu Whistler instead. Position subspecies vanikorensis immediately following nominate utupuae. Revise the range description of vanikorensis from “Vanikoro and Santa Cruz Islands” to “southern Santa Cruz Islands (Vanikoro)”.

 

page 571, Southern Gray Shrike Lanius meridionalis

Lanius meridionalis is not polytypic, but instead is best considered to be a monotypic species; all subspecies previously assigned to this species are transferred to Great Gray Shrike Lanius excubitor (Olsson et al. 2010, Peer et al. 2011). Change the English name of Lanius meridionalis from Southern Gray Shrike to Iberian Gray Shrike. Position Iberian Gray Shrike immediately following Northern Shrike Lanius borealis. Revise the range description from “Iberian Peninsula and s France; > to nw Africa” to “Iberian Peninsula and southern France”.

References:

Olsson, U., P. Alström, L. Svensson, M. Aliabadian, and P. Sundberg. 2010. The Lanius excubitor (Aves, Passeriformes) conundrum—taxonomic dilemma when molecular and non-molecular data tell different stories. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 55: 347–357.

Peer, B.D., C.E. McIntosh, M.J. Kuehn, S.I. Rothstein, and R.C. Fleischer. 2011. Complex biogeographic history of Lanius shrikes and its implications for the evolution of defenses against avian brood parasitism. Condor 113:3 85–394.

 

page 571, Great Gray Shrike Lanius excubitor

Subspecies koenigi, algeriensis, elegans, and leucopygos, previously classified as subspecies of Southern Gray Shrike Lanius meridionalis (now Iberian Gray Shrike Lanius meridionalis), are transferred to Great Gray Shrike (Olsson et al. 2010, Peer et al. 2011). Collectively these four subspecies also represent a new polytypic group, Great Gray Shrike (Sahara) Lanius excubitor [elegans Group].

Subspecies jebelmarrae, with range “W Sudan (Darfur)”, is considered to be a junior synonym of leucopygos (Rand 1960, Yosef 2008), and is deleted. Revise the range description of leucopygos from “S Sahara (Mali to Nile River valley of the Sudan)” to “southern Sahara and Sahel from Mauritania to western and central Sudan”. Note that Nikolaus (1984) also did not recognize leucopygos, but considered this name be be based on specimens of nonbreeding aucheri, not leucopygos.

Subspecies aucheri and buryi, previously classified as subspecies of Southern Gray Shrike Lanius meridionalis (now Iberian Gray Shrike Lanius meridionalis), are transferred to Great Gray Shrike (Olsson et al. 2010, Peer et al. 2011). Collectively these two subspecies also represent a new polytypic group, Great Gray Shrike (Arabian) Lanius excubitor aucheri/buryi. Subspecies theresae, with range “Galilee hills of n Israel and s Lebanon”, is considered to be a junior synonym of aucheri (Vaurie 1955), and is deleted. Revise the range description of aucheri from “W coast of Red Sea to s Iran and Arabian Peninsula” to “eastern Sudan south to northern Somalia; southern Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, and Arabian Peninsula east to Iran”.

Subspecies uncinatus, previously classified as a subspecies of Southern Gray Shrike Lanius meridionalis (now Iberian Gray Shrike Lanius meridionalis), is transferred to Great Gray Shrike (Olsson et al. 2010, Peer et al. 2011). We also recognize uncinatus as a new monotypic group, Great Gray Shrike (Socotra) Lanius excubitor uncinatus.

The monotypic group Southern Gray Shrike (Steppe) Lanius meridionalis pallidirostris is transferred to Great Gray Shrike (Olsson et al. 2010, Peer et al. 2011). Change the name of this group to Great Gray Shrike (Steppe) Lanius excubitor pallidirostris.

Subspecies lahtora, previously classified as a subspecies of Southern Gray Shrike Lanius meridionalis (now Iberian Gray Shrike Lanius meridionalis), is transferred to Great Gray Shrike (Olsson et al. 2010, Peer et al. 2011). We also recognize lahtora as a new monotypic group, Great Gray Shrike (Indian) Lanius excubitor lahtora.

References:

Nikolaus, G. 1984. Lanius excubitorjebelmarrae. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 104: 147.

Olsson, U., P. Alström, L. Svensson, M. Aliabadian, and P. Sundberg. 2010. The Lanius excubitor (Aves, Passeriformes) conundrum—taxonomic dilemma when molecular and non-molecular data tell different stories. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 55: 347–357.

Peer, B.D., C.E. McIntosh, M.J. Kuehn, S.I. Rothstein, and R.C. Fleischer. 2011. Complex biogeographic history of Lanius shrikes and its implications for the evolution of defenses against avian brood parasitism. Condor 113:3 85–394.

Rand, A.L. 1960. Family Laniidae, shrikes and allies. Pages 309–365 in E. Mayr and J.C. Greenway, Jr. (editors), Check-list of birds of the world. Volume IX. Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Yosef, R. 2008. Family Laniidae (shrikes). Pages 732-796 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 13. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

page 578, Crow-billed Drongo Dicrurus annectans

Correct the spelling of the species name from annectans to annectens (Dickinson and Christidis 2014).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 579, Hair-crested Drongo Dicrurus hottentottus

Previously we recognized a large, polytypic group Hair-crested Drongo (Hair-crested) Dicrurus hottentottus [hottentottus Group], with 11 subspecies. One subspecies (viridinitens) is transferred to Sumatran Drongo Dicrurus sumatranus, and we also partition Hair-crested Drongo (Hair-crested) into nine groups. Therefore change the scientific name of the (now greatly smaller!) group Hair-crested Drongo (Hair-crested) from Dicrurus hottentottus [hottentottus Group] to Dicrurus hottentottus hottentottus/brevirostris.

We recognize a previously overlooked subspecies, faberi Hoogerwerf 1962, following Rocamora and Yeatman-Berthelot (2009), with range “Panaitan Island and islands in Jakarta Bay, western Java”. Insert subspecies faberi immediately following the heading for the new polytypic group Hair-crested Drongo (Javan) Dicrurus hottentottus jentincki/faberi.

Revise the range description of subspecies jentincki from “Bali and Kangean Islands” to “eastern Java, Bali, Masalembu, and Kangean Island”.

Revise the range description of subspecies leucops from “Sulawesi and adjacent islands, including Talaud Is., Sangihe, Banggai Is., and Tukangbesi Is.” to “Sulawesi, Matasiri Island (Java Sea), Sanghie, and Siau”.

We recognize a previously overlooked subspecies, banggaiensis Vaurie 1952, following Rocamora and Yeatman-Berthelot (2009), with range “Banggai Islands, off of eastern Sulawesi”. Insert subspecies banggaiensis immediately following subspecies leucops.

Reference:

Rocamora, G.J., and D. Yeatman-Berthelot. 2009. Family Dicruridae (drongos). Pages 172-226 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 14. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

page 579, Sumatran Drongo Dicrurus sumatranus

With the transfer of subspecies viridinitens from Hair-crested Drongo to Sumatran Drongo, we add an entry for the nominate subspecies, sumatranus. We also recognize sumatranus as a new monotypic group, Sumatran Drongo (Sumatran) Dicrurus sumatranus sumatranus. Position nominate sumatranus to immediately follow the heading for the species.

Subspecies viridinitens, previously considered to be a subspecies of Hair-crested Drongo Dicrurus hottentottus, is transferred to Sumatran Drongo, following Rocamora and Yeatman-Berthelot (2009). We also recognize viridinitens as a new monotypic group, Sumatran Drongo (Mentawai) Dicrurus sumatranus viridinitens. Position viridinitens to immediately follow nominate sumatranus.

Reference:

Rocamora, G.J., and D. Yeatman-Berthelot. 2009. Family Dicruridae (drongos). Pages 172-226 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 14. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

page 577, Pygmy Drongo-Fantail Chaetorhynchus papuensis

Change the English name of Chaetorhynchus papuensis from Pygmy Drongo-Fantail to Drongo Fantail.

 

page 475, Fantailed Monarch Symposiachrus axillaris

Change the English name of Symposiachrus axillaris from Fantailed Monarch to Fan-tailed Monarch.

 

page 477, Kolombangra Monarch Symposiachrus browni

Change the English name of Symposiachrus browni from Kolombangra Monarch to Kolombangara Monarch.

Revise the range description of nominate browni from “Kolombangra, Vonavona, Kohinggo, New Georgia, and Vangunu (Solomon Islands)” to “Kolombangara, Vonavona, Kohinggo, New Georgia, and Vangunu (Solomon Islands)”.

 

page 587, Gray Jay Perisoreus canadensis

In accord with AOS-NACC (Chesser et al. 2018), change the English name of Perisoreus canadensis from Gray Jay to Canada Jay (see Strickland 2017).

Change the English name of the polytypic group Perisoreus canadensis [canadensis Group] from Gray Jay (Northern) to Canada Jay (Northern).

Change the English name of the polytypic group Perisoreus canadensis capitalis/albescens from Gray Jay (Rocky Mts.) to Canada Jay (Rocky Mts.).

Change the English name of the polytypic group Perisoreus canadensis [obscurus Group] from Gray Jay (Pacific) to Canada Jay (Pacific).

References:

Chesser, R.T., K.J. Burns, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., D.F. Stotz, B.M. Winger, and K. Winker. 2018. Fifty-ninth supplement to the American Ornithological Society’s Check-list of North American birds. Auk 135: 798-813.

Strickland, D. 2017. How the Canada Jay lost its name and why it matters. Ontario Birds 35: 1-16.

 

page 584, Vogelkop Superb Bird-of-Paradise Lophorina niedda

Change the English name of Lophorina niedda from Vogelkop Superb Bird-of-Paradise to Vogelkop Lophorina.

 

page 584, Greater Superb Bird-of-Paradise Lophorina superba

Change the English name of Lophorina superba from Greater Superb Bird-of-Paradise to Greater Lophorina.

 

page 584, Lesser Superb Bird-of-Paradise Lophorina minor

Change the English name of Lophorina minor from Lesser Superb Bird-of-Paradise to Lesser Lophorina.

 

page 361, Greater Striped-Swallow Cecropis cucullata

Greater Striped-Swallow Cecropis cucullata and Lesser Striped-Swallow Cecropis abyssinica are not sister species; therefore change “Striped-Swallow” to “Striped Swallow”.

 

page 361, Lesser Striped-Swallow Cecropis abyssinica

Greater Striped-Swallow Cecropis cucullata and Lesser Striped-Swallow Cecropis abyssinica are not sister species; therefore change “Striped-Swallow” to “Striped Swallow”.

 

page 468, Yellow-bellied Fairy-Fantail Chelidorhynx hypoxantha

Correct the spelling of the species name from hypoxantha to hypoxanthus (Dickinson and Christidis 2014).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 528, Yellow Tit Machlolophus holsti

Change the English name of Machlolophus holsti from Yellow Tit to Taiwan Yellow Tit.

 

page 527, Black-lored Tit Machlolophus xanthogenys

Change the English name of Machlolophus xanthogenys from Black-lored Tit to Himalayan Black-lored Tit.

 

page 527, Indian Tit Machlolophus aplonotus

Change the English name of Machlolophus aplonotus from Indian Tit to Indian Yellow Tit (Rasmussen and Anderton 2005).

Reference:

Rasmussen, P.C., and J.C. Anderton. 2005. Birds of South Asia. The Ripley guide. Volume 2: attributes and status. Smithsonian Institution and Lynx Edicions, Washington D.C. and Barcelona.

 

page 532, African Spotted-Creeper Salpornis salvadori

Change the English name from African Spotted-Creeper to African Spotted Creeper.

 

page 532, Indian Spotted-Creeper Salpornis spilonotus

Change the English name from Indian Spotted-Creeper to Indian Spotted Creeper. Change the spelling of the species name from spilonotus to spilonota (Dickinson and Christidis 2014).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 388, Rufous-throated Dipper Cinclus schulzi

Change the scientific name of Rufous-throated Dipper from Cinclus schulzi to Cinclus schulzii (Dickinson and Christidis 2014).

Revise the range description from “E slope of Andes of extreme nw Argentina and se Bolivia” to “Andes of southern Bolivia (Chuquisaca and Tarija) and northwestern Argentina (south to Catamarca and Tucumán)”.

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 375, Black-and-white Bulbul Pycnonotus melanoleucos

The traditional, broadly defined genus Pycnonotus is not monophyletic, at least if the genus Spizixos is recognized (Oliveros and Moyle 2010, Shakya and Sheldon 2018, Fuchs et al. 2018b). Change the scientific name of Black-and-white Bulbul from Pycnonotus melanoleucos to Brachypodius melanoleucos.

The sequence of species of Brachypodius is revised.

References:

Fuchs, J., E. Pasquet, B.L. Stuart, I.A. Woxvold, J.W. Duckworth, and R.C.K. Bowie. 2018b. Phylogenetic affinities of the enigmatic Bare-faced Bulbul Pycnonotus hualon with description of a new genus. Ibis 160: 659-665.

Oliveros, C.H., and R.G. Moyle. 2010. Origin and diversification of Philippine bulbuls. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54: 822-832.

Shakya, S.B., and F.H. Sheldon. 2018. The phylogeny of the world’s bulbuls (Pycnonotidae) inferred using a supermatrix approach. Ibis 159: 498-509.

 

page 377, Puff-backed Bulbul Pycnonotus eutilotus

The traditional, broadly defined genus Pycnonotus is not monophyletic, at least if the genus Spizixos is recognized (Oliveros and Moyle 2010, Shakya and Sheldon 2018, Fuchs et al. 2018b). Change the scientific name of Puff-backed Bulbul from Pycnonotus eutilotus to Brachypodius eutilotus.

Reference:

Fuchs, J., E. Pasquet, B.L. Stuart, I.A. Woxvold, J.W. Duckworth, and R.C.K. Bowie. 2018b. Phylogenetic affinities of the enigmatic Bare-faced Bulbul Pycnonotus hualon with description of a new genus. Ibis 160: 659-665.

Oliveros, C.H., and R.G. Moyle. 2010. Origin and diversification of Philippine bulbuls. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54: 822-832.

Shakya, S.B., and F.H. Sheldon. 2018. The phylogeny of the world’s bulbuls (Pycnonotidae) inferred using a supermatrix approach. Ibis 159: 498-509.

 

page 377, Yellow-wattled Bulbul Pycnonotus urostictus

The traditional, broadly defined genus Pycnonotus is not monophyletic, at least if the genus Spizixos is recognized (Oliveros and Moyle 2010, Shakya and Sheldon 2018, Fuchs et al. 2018b). Change the scientific name of Yellow-wattled Bulbul from Pycnonotus urostictus to Brachypodius urostictus.

Reference:

Fuchs, J., E. Pasquet, B.L. Stuart, I.A. Woxvold, J.W. Duckworth, and R.C.K. Bowie. 2018b. Phylogenetic affinities of the enigmatic Bare-faced Bulbul Pycnonotus hualon with description of a new genus. Ibis 160: 659-665.

Oliveros, C.H., and R.G. Moyle. 2010. Origin and diversification of Philippine bulbuls. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54: 822-832.

Shakya, S.B., and F.H. Sheldon. 2018. The phylogeny of the world’s bulbuls (Pycnonotidae) inferred using a supermatrix approach. Ibis 159: 498-509.

 

page 375, Gray-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus priocephalus

The traditional, broadly defined genus Pycnonotus is not monophyletic, at least if the genus Spizixos is recognized (Oliveros and Moyle 2010, Shakya and Sheldon 2018, Fuchs et al. 2018b). Change the scientific name of Gray-headed Bulbul from Pycnonotus priocephalus to Brachypodius priocephalus (Dickinson and Christidis 2014).

References:

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

Fuchs, J., E. Pasquet, B.L. Stuart, I.A. Woxvold, J.W. Duckworth, and R.C.K. Bowie. 2018b. Phylogenetic affinities of the enigmatic Bare-faced Bulbul Pycnonotus hualon with description of a new genus. Ibis 160: 659-665.

Oliveros, C.H., and R.G. Moyle. 2010. Origin and diversification of Philippine bulbuls. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54: 822-832.

Shakya, S.B., and F.H. Sheldon. 2018. The phylogeny of the world’s bulbuls (Pycnonotidae) inferred using a supermatrix approach. Ibis 159: 498-509.

 

page 375, Black-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus atriceps

The traditional, broadly defined genus Pycnonotus is not monophyletic, at least if the genus Spizixos is recognized (Oliveros and Moyle 2010, Shakya and Sheldon 2018, Fuchs et al. 2018b). Change the scientific name of Black-headed Bulbul from Pycnonotus atriceps to Brachypodius atriceps (Dickinson and Christidis 2014).

References:

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

Fuchs, J., E. Pasquet, B.L. Stuart, I.A. Woxvold, J.W. Duckworth, and R.C.K. Bowie. 2018b. Phylogenetic affinities of the enigmatic Bare-faced Bulbul Pycnonotus hualon with description of a new genus. Ibis 160: 659-665.

Oliveros, C.H., and R.G. Moyle. 2010. Origin and diversification of Philippine bulbuls. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54: 822-832.

Shakya, S.B., and F.H. Sheldon. 2018. The phylogeny of the world’s bulbuls (Pycnonotidae) inferred using a supermatrix approach. Ibis 159: 498-509.

 

page 376, Andaman Bulbul Pycnonotus fuscoflavescens

The traditional, broadly defined genus Pycnonotus is not monophyletic, at least if the genus Spizixos is recognized (Oliveros and Moyle 2010, Shakya and Sheldon 2018, Fuchs et al. 2018b). Change the scientific name of Andaman Bulbul from Pycnonotus fuscoflavescens to Brachypodius fuscoflavescens (Dickinson and Christidis 2014).

References:

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

Fuchs, J., E. Pasquet, B.L. Stuart, I.A. Woxvold, J.W. Duckworth, and R.C.K. Bowie. 2018b. Phylogenetic affinities of the enigmatic Bare-faced Bulbul Pycnonotus hualon with description of a new genus. Ibis 160: 659-665.

Oliveros, C.H., and R.G. Moyle. 2010. Origin and diversification of Philippine bulbuls. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54: 822-832.

Shakya, S.B., and F.H. Sheldon. 2018. The phylogeny of the world’s bulbuls (Pycnonotidae) inferred using a supermatrix approach. Ibis 159: 498-509.

 

page 378, Spectacled Bulbul Pycnonotus erythropthalmos

The traditional, broadly defined genus Pycnonotus is not monophyletic, at least if the genus Spizixos is recognized (Oliveros and Moyle 2010, Shakya and Sheldon 2018, Fuchs et al. 2018b). Change the scientific name of Spectacled Bulbul from Pycnonotus erythropthalmos to Rubigula erythropthalmos (Fishpool and Tobias 2005, Shakya and Sheldon 2018, Fuchs et al. 2018b).

The sequence of species of Rubigula is revised.

References:

Fishpool, L.D.C., and J.A. Tobias. 2005. Family Pycnonotidae (bulbuls). Pages 124-250 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 10. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Fuchs, J., E. Pasquet, B.L. Stuart, I.A. Woxvold, J.W. Duckworth, and R.C.K. Bowie. 2018b. Phylogenetic affinities of the enigmatic Bare-faced Bulbul Pycnonotus hualon with description of a new genus. Ibis 160: 659-665.

Oliveros, C.H., and R.G. Moyle. 2010. Origin and diversification of Philippine bulbuls. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54: 822-832.

Shakya, S.B., and F.H. Sheldon. 2018. The phylogeny of the world’s bulbuls (Pycnonotidae) inferred using a supermatrix approach. Ibis 159: 498-509.

 

page 376, Gray-bellied Bulbul Pycnonotus cyaniventris

The traditional, broadly defined genus Pycnonotus is not monophyletic, at least if the genus Spizixos is recognized (Oliveros and Moyle 2010, Shakya and Sheldon 2018, Fuchs et al. 2018b). Change the scientific name of Gray-bellied Bulbul from Pycnonotus cyaniventris to Rubigula cyaniventris (Fishpool and Tobias 2005, Shakya and Sheldon 2018, Fuchs et al. 2018b).

References:

Fishpool, L.D.C., and J.A. Tobias. 2005. Family Pycnonotidae (bulbuls). Pages 124-250 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 10. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Fuchs, J., E. Pasquet, B.L. Stuart, I.A. Woxvold, J.W. Duckworth, and R.C.K. Bowie. 2018b. Phylogenetic affinities of the enigmatic Bare-faced Bulbul Pycnonotus hualon with description of a new genus. Ibis 160: 659-665.

Oliveros, C.H., and R.G. Moyle. 2010. Origin and diversification of Philippine bulbuls. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54: 822-832.

Shakya, S.B., and F.H. Sheldon. 2018. The phylogeny of the world’s bulbuls (Pycnonotidae) inferred using a supermatrix approach. Ibis 159: 498-509.

 

page 376, Scaly-breasted Bulbul Pycnonotus squamatus

The traditional, broadly defined genus Pycnonotus is not monophyletic, at least if the genus Spizixos is recognized (Oliveros and Moyle 2010, Shakya and Sheldon 2018, Fuchs et al. 2018b). Change the scientific name of Scaly-breasted Bulbul from Pycnonotus squamatus to Rubigula squamata (Fishpool and Tobias 2005, Shakya and Sheldon 2018, Fuchs et al. 2018b).

Change the spelling of the nominate subspecies from squamatus to squamata.

References:

Fishpool, L.D.C., and J.A. Tobias. 2005. Family Pycnonotidae (bulbuls). Pages 124-250 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 10. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Fuchs, J., E. Pasquet, B.L. Stuart, I.A. Woxvold, J.W. Duckworth, and R.C.K. Bowie. 2018b. Phylogenetic affinities of the enigmatic Bare-faced Bulbul Pycnonotus hualon with description of a new genus. Ibis 160: 659-665.

Oliveros, C.H., and R.G. Moyle. 2010. Origin and diversification of Philippine bulbuls. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54: 822-832.

Shakya, S.B., and F.H. Sheldon. 2018. The phylogeny of the world’s bulbuls (Pycnonotidae) inferred using a supermatrix approach. Ibis 159: 498-509.

 

page 376, Black-crested Bulbul Pycnonotus flaviventris

The traditional, broadly defined genus Pycnonotus is not monophyletic, at least if the genus Spizixos is recognized (Oliveros and Moyle 2010, Shakya and Sheldon 2018, Fuchs et al. 2018b). Change the scientific name of Black-crested Bulbul from Pycnonotus flaviventris to Rubigula flaviventris (Fishpool and Tobias 2005, Shakya and Sheldon 2018, Fuchs et al. 2018b).

Change the spelling of the subspecies name negatus to negata.

Change the spelling of the subspecies name auratus to aurata.

References:

Fishpool, L.D.C., and J.A. Tobias. 2005. Family Pycnonotidae (bulbuls). Pages 124-250 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 10. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Fuchs, J., E. Pasquet, B.L. Stuart, I.A. Woxvold, J.W. Duckworth, and R.C.K. Bowie. 2018b. Phylogenetic affinities of the enigmatic Bare-faced Bulbul Pycnonotus hualon with description of a new genus. Ibis 160: 659-665.

Oliveros, C.H., and R.G. Moyle. 2010. Origin and diversification of Philippine bulbuls. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54: 822-832.

Shakya, S.B., and F.H. Sheldon. 2018. The phylogeny of the world’s bulbuls (Pycnonotidae) inferred using a supermatrix approach. Ibis 159: 498-509.

 

page 376, Flame-throated Bulbul Pycnonotus gularis

The traditional, broadly defined genus Pycnonotus is not monophyletic, at least if the genus Spizixos is recognized (Oliveros and Moyle 2010, Shakya and Sheldon 2018, Fuchs et al. 2018b). Change the scientific name of Flame-throated Bulbul from Pycnonotus gularis to Rubigula gularis (Fishpool and Tobias 2005, Shakya and Sheldon 2018, Fuchs et al. 2018b).

References:

Fishpool, L.D.C., and J.A. Tobias. 2005. Family Pycnonotidae (bulbuls). Pages 124-250 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 10. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Fuchs, J., E. Pasquet, B.L. Stuart, I.A. Woxvold, J.W. Duckworth, and R.C.K. Bowie. 2018b. Phylogenetic affinities of the enigmatic Bare-faced Bulbul Pycnonotus hualon with description of a new genus. Ibis 160: 659-665.

Oliveros, C.H., and R.G. Moyle. 2010. Origin and diversification of Philippine bulbuls. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54: 822-832.

Shakya, S.B., and F.H. Sheldon. 2018. The phylogeny of the world’s bulbuls (Pycnonotidae) inferred using a supermatrix approach. Ibis 159: 498-509.

 

page 376, Black-capped Bulbul Pycnonotus melanicterus

The traditional, broadly defined genus Pycnonotus is not monophyletic, at least if the genus Spizixos is recognized (Oliveros and Moyle 2010, Shakya and Sheldon 2018, Fuchs et al. 2018b). Change the scientific name of Black-capped Bulbul from Pycnonotus melanicterus to Rubigula melanicterus (Fishpool and Tobias 2005, Shakya and Sheldon 2018, Fuchs et al. 2018b).

References:

Fishpool, L.D.C., and J.A. Tobias. 2005. Family Pycnonotidae (bulbuls). Pages 124-250 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 10. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Fuchs, J., E. Pasquet, B.L. Stuart, I.A. Woxvold, J.W. Duckworth, and R.C.K. Bowie. 2018b. Phylogenetic affinities of the enigmatic Bare-faced Bulbul Pycnonotus hualon with description of a new genus. Ibis 160: 659-665.

Oliveros, C.H., and R.G. Moyle. 2010. Origin and diversification of Philippine bulbuls. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54: 822-832.

Shakya, S.B., and F.H. Sheldon. 2018. The phylogeny of the world’s bulbuls (Pycnonotidae) inferred using a supermatrix approach. Ibis 159: 498-509.

 

page 376, Ruby-throated Bulbul Pycnonotus dispar

The traditional, broadly defined genus Pycnonotus is not monophyletic, at least if the genus Spizixos is recognized (Oliveros and Moyle 2010, Shakya and Sheldon 2018, Fuchs et al. 2018b). Change the scientific name of Ruby-throated Bulbul from Pycnonotus dispar to Rubigula dispar (Fishpool and Tobias 2005, Shakya and Sheldon 2018, Fuchs et al. 2018b).

References:

Fishpool, L.D.C., and J.A. Tobias. 2005. Family Pycnonotidae (bulbuls). Pages 124-250 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 10. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Fuchs, J., E. Pasquet, B.L. Stuart, I.A. Woxvold, J.W. Duckworth, and R.C.K. Bowie. 2018b. Phylogenetic affinities of the enigmatic Bare-faced Bulbul Pycnonotus hualon with description of a new genus. Ibis 160: 659-665.

Oliveros, C.H., and R.G. Moyle. 2010. Origin and diversification of Philippine bulbuls. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54: 822-832.

Shakya, S.B., and F.H. Sheldon. 2018. The phylogeny of the world’s bulbuls (Pycnonotidae) inferred using a supermatrix approach. Ibis 159: 498-509.

 

page 376, Bornean Bulbul Pycnonotus montis

The traditional, broadly defined genus Pycnonotus is not monophyletic, at least if the genus Spizixos is recognized (Oliveros and Moyle 2010, Shakya and Sheldon 2018, Fuchs et al. 2018b). Change the scientific name of Bornean Bulbul from Pycnonotus montis to Rubigula montis (Fishpool and Tobias 2005, Shakya and Sheldon 2018, Fuchs et al. 2018b).

References:

Fishpool, L.D.C., and J.A. Tobias. 2005. Family Pycnonotidae (bulbuls). Pages 124-250 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 10. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Fuchs, J., E. Pasquet, B.L. Stuart, I.A. Woxvold, J.W. Duckworth, and R.C.K. Bowie. 2018b. Phylogenetic affinities of the enigmatic Bare-faced Bulbul Pycnonotus hualon with description of a new genus. Ibis 160: 659-665.

Oliveros, C.H., and R.G. Moyle. 2010. Origin and diversification of Philippine bulbuls. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54: 822-832.

Shakya, S.B., and F.H. Sheldon. 2018. The phylogeny of the world’s bulbuls (Pycnonotidae) inferred using a supermatrix approach. Ibis 159: 498-509.

 

page addition (2010), Bare-faced Bulbul Pycnonotus hualon

The recently described Bare-faced Bulbul is best considered not a member of the genus Pycnonotus, but instead as representing a separate monotypic genus, Nok (Fuchs et al. 2018b). Change the scientific name of Bare-faced Bulbul from Pycnonotus hualon to Nok hualon.

Reference:

Fuchs, J., E. Pasquet, B.L. Stuart, I.A. Woxvold, J.W. Duckworth, and R.C.K. Bowie. 2018b. Phylogenetic affinities of the enigmatic Bare-faced Bulbul Pycnonotus hualon with description of a new genus. Ibis 160: 659-665.

 

page 385, Nicobar Bulbul Hypsipetes virescens

The species name virescens Blyth 1845 is permanently invalid, at it “was preoccupied in a broad genus Hypsipetes by by Ixos virescens Temminck, 1825, and was replaced before 1961″ (Dickinson and Christidis 2014); therefore change the scientific name of Nicobar Bulbul from Hypsipetes virescens to Hypsipetes nicobariensis.

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 440, White-spectacled Warbler Seicercus affinis

The genus Seicercus is embedded within the genus Phylloscopus (Alström et al. 2018a), and the species name affinis Moore 1854 for White-spectacled Warbler is preoccupied in Phylloscopus by affinis Tickell 1833 (Tickell’s Leaf Warbler). Consequently, change the scientific name of White-spectacled Warbler from Seicercus affinis to Phylloscopus intermedius (Watson et al. 1986a, del Hoyo and Collar 2016, Alström et al. 2018a).

Change the subspecies name affinis to zosterops Elliott and del Hoyo 2016 (in del Hoyo and Collar 2016).

References:

Alström, P., F.E. Rheindt, R. Zhang, M. Zhao, J. Wang, X. Zhu, C.Y. Gwee, Y. Hao, J. Ohlson, C. Jia, D.M. Prawiradilaga, P.G.P. Ericson, F. Lei, and U. Olsson. 2018a. Complete species-level phylogeny of the leaf warbler (Aves: Phylloscopidae) radiation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 126: 141-152.

del Hoyo, J., and N.J. Collar. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International illustrated checklist of the birds of the world. Volume 2. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Watson, G.E., M.A. Traylor, Jr., and E. Mayr. 1986a. Family Sylviidae, Old World warblers. Pages 3-294 in E. Mayr and G.W. Cottrell (editors), Check-list of birds of the world. Volume XI. Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

 

page 440, Gray-cheeked Warbler Seicercus poliogenys

The genus Seicercus is embedded within the genus Phylloscopus (Alström et al. 2018a). Consequently, change the scientific name of Gray-cheeked Warbler from Seicercus poliogenys to Phylloscopus poliogenys (del Hoyo and Collar 2016, Alström et al. 2018a).

References:

Alström, P., F.E. Rheindt, R. Zhang, M. Zhao, J. Wang, X. Zhu, C.Y. Gwee, Y. Hao, J. Ohlson, C. Jia, D.M. Prawiradilaga, P.G.P. Ericson, F. Lei, and U. Olsson. 2018a. Complete species-level phylogeny of the leaf warbler (Aves: Phylloscopidae) radiation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 126: 141-152.

del Hoyo, J., and N.J. Collar. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International illustrated checklist of the birds of the world. Volume 2. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

page 440, Golden-spectacled Warbler Seicercus burkii

The genus Seicercus is embedded within the genus Phylloscopus (Alström et al. 2018a). Consequently, change the scientific name of Golden-spectacled Warbler from Seicercus burkii to Phylloscopus burkii (del Hoyo and Collar 2016, Alström et al. 2018a).

References:

Alström, P., F.E. Rheindt, R. Zhang, M. Zhao, J. Wang, X. Zhu, C.Y. Gwee, Y. Hao, J. Ohlson, C. Jia, D.M. Prawiradilaga, P.G.P. Ericson, F. Lei, and U. Olsson. 2018a. Complete species-level phylogeny of the leaf warbler (Aves: Phylloscopidae) radiation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 126: 141-152.

del Hoyo, J., and N.J. Collar. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International illustrated checklist of the birds of the world. Volume 2. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

page 440, Gray-crowned Warbler Seicercus tephrocephalus

The genus Seicercus is embedded within the genus Phylloscopus (Alström et al. 2018a). Consequently, change the scientific name of Gray-crowned Warbler from Seicercus tephrocephalus to Phylloscopus tephrocephalus (del Hoyo and Collar 2016, Alström et al. 2018a).

References:

Alström, P., F.E. Rheindt, R. Zhang, M. Zhao, J. Wang, X. Zhu, C.Y. Gwee, Y. Hao, J. Ohlson, C. Jia, D.M. Prawiradilaga, P.G.P. Ericson, F. Lei, and U. Olsson. 2018a. Complete species-level phylogeny of the leaf warbler (Aves: Phylloscopidae) radiation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 126: 141-152.

del Hoyo, J., and N.J. Collar. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International illustrated checklist of the birds of the world. Volume 2. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

page 440, Whistler’s Warbler Seicercus whistleri

The genus Seicercus is embedded within the genus Phylloscopus (Alström et al. 2018a). Consequently, change the scientific name of Whistler’s Warbler from Seicercus whistleri to Phylloscopus whistleri (del Hoyo and Collar 2016, Alström et al. 2018a).

References:

Alström, P., F.E. Rheindt, R. Zhang, M. Zhao, J. Wang, X. Zhu, C.Y. Gwee, Y. Hao, J. Ohlson, C. Jia, D.M. Prawiradilaga, P.G.P. Ericson, F. Lei, and U. Olsson. 2018a. Complete species-level phylogeny of the leaf warbler (Aves: Phylloscopidae) radiation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 126: 141-152.

del Hoyo, J., and N.J. Collar. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International illustrated checklist of the birds of the world. Volume 2. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

page 440, Bianchi’s Warbler Seicercus valentini

The genus Seicercus is embedded within the genus Phylloscopus (Alström et al. 2018a). Consequently, change the scientific name of Bianchi’s Warbler from Seicercus valentini to Phylloscopus valentini (del Hoyo and Collar 2016, Alström et al. 2018a).

References:

Alström, P., F.E. Rheindt, R. Zhang, M. Zhao, J. Wang, X. Zhu, C.Y. Gwee, Y. Hao, J. Ohlson, C. Jia, D.M. Prawiradilaga, P.G.P. Ericson, F. Lei, and U. Olsson. 2018a. Complete species-level phylogeny of the leaf warbler (Aves: Phylloscopidae) radiation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 126: 141-152.

del Hoyo, J., and N.J. Collar. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International illustrated checklist of the birds of the world. Volume 2. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

page 440, Martens’s Warbler Seicercus omeiensis

The genus Seicercus is embedded within the genus Phylloscopus (Alström et al. 2018a). Consequently, change the scientific name of Martens’s Warbler from Seicercus omeiensis to Phylloscopus omeiensis (del Hoyo and Collar 2016, Alström et al. 2018a).

References:

Alström, P., F.E. Rheindt, R. Zhang, M. Zhao, J. Wang, X. Zhu, C.Y. Gwee, Y. Hao, J. Ohlson, C. Jia, D.M. Prawiradilaga, P.G.P. Ericson, F. Lei, and U. Olsson. 2018a. Complete species-level phylogeny of the leaf warbler (Aves: Phylloscopidae) radiation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 126: 141-152.

del Hoyo, J., and N.J. Collar. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International illustrated checklist of the birds of the world. Volume 2. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

page 440, Plain-tailed Warbler Seicercus soror

Change the English name of Seicercus soror from Plain-tailed Warbler to Alström’s Warbler (Rheindt 2006, Brazil 2009, Dickinson and Christidis 2014, del Hoyo and Collar 2016).

The genus Seicercus is embedded within the genus Phylloscopus (Alström et al. 2018a). Consequently, change the scientific name of Alström’s Warbler from Seicercus soror to Phylloscopus soror (del Hoyo and Collar 2016, Alström et al. 2018a).

References:

Alström, P., F.E. Rheindt, R. Zhang, M. Zhao, J. Wang, X. Zhu, C.Y. Gwee, Y. Hao, J. Ohlson, C. Jia, D.M. Prawiradilaga, P.G.P. Ericson, F. Lei, and U. Olsson. 2018a. Complete species-level phylogeny of the leaf warbler (Aves: Phylloscopidae) radiation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 126: 141-152.

Brazil, M. 2009. Birds of East Asia. China, Taiwan, Korea, Japan, and Russia. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

del Hoyo, J., and N.J. Collar. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International illustrated checklist of the birds of the world. Volume 2. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Rheindt, F.E. 2006. Splits galore: the revolution in Asian leaf warbler systematics. BirdingASIA 5: 25-39.

 

page 440, Chestnut-crowned Warbler Seicercus castaniceps

The genus Seicercus is embedded within the genus Phylloscopus (Alström et al. 2018a). Consequently, change the scientific name of Chestnut-crowned Warbler from Seicercus castaniceps to Phylloscopus castaniceps (del Hoyo and Collar 2016, Alström et al. 2018a).

References:

Alström, P., F.E. Rheindt, R. Zhang, M. Zhao, J. Wang, X. Zhu, C.Y. Gwee, Y. Hao, J. Ohlson, C. Jia, D.M. Prawiradilaga, P.G.P. Ericson, F. Lei, and U. Olsson. 2018a. Complete species-level phylogeny of the leaf warbler (Aves: Phylloscopidae) radiation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 126: 141-152.

del Hoyo, J., and N.J. Collar. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International illustrated checklist of the birds of the world. Volume 2. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

page 440, Yellow-breasted Warbler Seicercus montis

The genus Seicercus is embedded within the genus Phylloscopus (Alström et al. 2018a). Consequently, change the scientific name of Yellow-breasted Warbler from Seicercus montis to Phylloscopus montis (del Hoyo and Collar 2016, Alström et al. 2018a).

References:

Alström, P., F.E. Rheindt, R. Zhang, M. Zhao, J. Wang, X. Zhu, C.Y. Gwee, Y. Hao, J. Ohlson, C. Jia, D.M. Prawiradilaga, P.G.P. Ericson, F. Lei, and U. Olsson. 2018a. Complete species-level phylogeny of the leaf warbler (Aves: Phylloscopidae) radiation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 126: 141-152.

del Hoyo, J., and N.J. Collar. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International illustrated checklist of the birds of the world. Volume 2. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

page 440, Sunda Warbler Seicercus grammiceps

The genus Seicercus is embedded within the genus Phylloscopus (Alström et al. 2018a). Consequently, change the scientific name of Sunda Warbler from Seicercus grammiceps to Phylloscopus grammiceps (del Hoyo and Collar 2016, Alström et al. 2018a).

References:

Alström, P., F.E. Rheindt, R. Zhang, M. Zhao, J. Wang, X. Zhu, C.Y. Gwee, Y. Hao, J. Ohlson, C. Jia, D.M. Prawiradilaga, P.G.P. Ericson, F. Lei, and U. Olsson. 2018a. Complete species-level phylogeny of the leaf warbler (Aves: Phylloscopidae) radiation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 126: 141-152.

del Hoyo, J., and N.J. Collar. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International illustrated checklist of the birds of the world. Volume 2. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

page 439, Davison’s Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus davisoni

The name davisoni Oates 1889 is preoccupied in Phylloscopus by davisoni Sharpe 1888 (Phylloscopus montis davisoni Yellow-breasted Warbler), and is replaced by the new name muleyitensis (Dickinson and Christidis 2014).

Previously we considered Davison’s Leaf Warbler to be monotypic. However, subspecies intensior, previously classified as a subspecies of Kloss’s Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus ogilviegranti, properly belongs with Davison’s Leaf Warbler (del Hoyo and Collar 2016). Because the name intensior Deignan 1956 is older than the name muleyitensis (Dickinson and Christidis 2014), change the species name of Davison’s Leaf Warbler from Phylloscopus davisoni to Phylloscopus intensior. Position nominate intensior to follow subspecies muleyitensis.

References:

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

del Hoyo, J., and N.J. Collar. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International illustrated checklist of the birds of the world. Volume 2. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

page 439, Kloss’s Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus ogilviegranti

Subspecies intensior, previously classified as a subspecies of Kloss’s Leaf Warbler, properly belongs with Davison’s Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus intensior (del Hoyo and Collar 2016).

Reposition subspecies klossi to follow, rather than precede, nominate ogilviegranti.

Reference:

del Hoyo, J., and N.J. Collar. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International illustrated checklist of the birds of the world. Volume 2. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

page 440, Kolombangra Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus amoenus

Change the English name of Phylloscopus amoenus from Kolombangra Leaf Warbler to Kolombangara Leaf Warbler.

Revise the range description from “montane forests of Kolombangra (central Solomon Islands)” to “montane forests of Kolombangara (central Solomon Islands)”.

 

page 431, Thick-billed Warbler Iduna aedon

Thick-billed Warbler is better classified in a monotypic genus (Arbadi et al. 2014). Change the scientific name from Iduna aedon to Arundinax aedon (Pittie and Dickinson 2013, Dickinson and Christidis 2014).

References:

Arbadi, T., J. Gonzalez, and M. Wink. 2014. A re-evaluation of phylogenetic relationships within reed warblers (Aves: Acrocephalidae) based on eight molecular loci and ISSR profiles. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 78: 304-313.

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

Pittie, A., and E.C. Dickinson. 2013. The dating of the Second Supplement to Jerdon’s Catalogue of the birds of the peninsula of India in the Madras Journal of Literature and Science, volume 13 number 31. Zoological Bibliography 2: 151-166.

 

page 421, Roberts’s Prinia Prinia robertsi

Roberts’s Prinia Prinia robertsi is not a member of the genus Prinia (Clancey 1991, Urban et al. 1997, Olsson et al. 2013). Change the scientific name to Oreophilais robertsi, and the English name to Roberts’s Warbler.

References:

Clancey, P.A. 1991. The generic status of Roberts’ Prinia of the south-eastern Afrotropics. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 111: 217-222.

Olsson, U., M. Irestedt, G. Sangster, P.G.P. Ericson, and P. Alström. 2013. Systematic

revision of the avian family Cisticolidae based on a multi-locus phylogeny of all genera. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 66: 790-799.

Urban, E.K., C.H. Fry, and S. Keith. 1997. The birds of Africa. Volume V. Academic Press, London.

 

page 421, Namaqua Prinia Prinia substriata

Namaqua Prinia Prinia substriata is not a member of the genus Prinia (Brooke and Dean 1990, Olsson et al. 2013); change the scientific name to Phragmacia substriata, and change the English name to Namaqua Warbler (Brooke and Dean 1990, Hockey et al. 2005).

References:

Brooke, R.K., and W.R.J. Dean. 1990. On the biology and taxonomic position of Drymoica substriata Smith, the so-called Namaqua Prinia. Ostrich 61: 50-55.

Hockey, P.A.R., W.R.J. Dean, and P.G. Ryan (editors). 2005. Roberts Birds of southern Africa. VII edition. Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town.

Olsson, U., M. Irestedt, G. Sangster, P.G.P. Ericson, and P. Alström. 2013. Systematic revision of the avian family Cisticolidae based on a multi-locus phylogeny of all genera. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 66: 790-799.

 

page 422, Black-collared Apalis Apalis pulchra

Black-collared Apalis is not a member of the genus Apalis (Nguembock et al. 2008b, Olsson et al. 2013); change the scientific name from Apalis pulchra to Oreolais pulchra.

References:

Nguembock B., J. Fjeldså, A. Couloux, C. Cruaud, and E. Pasquet. 2008b. Polyphyly of the genus Apalis and new generic name for the species pulchra and ruwenzorii. Ibis 150: 756-765.

Olsson, U., M. Irestedt, G. Sangster, P.G.P. Ericson, and P. Alström. 2013. Systematic revision of the avian family Cisticolidae based on a multi-locus phylogeny of all genera. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 66: 790-799.

 

page 422, Ruwenzori Apalis Apalis ruwenzorii

Change the spelling of the English name of Apalis ruwenzorii from Ruwenzori Apalis to Rwenzori Apalis. Rwenzori Apalis is not a member of the genus Apalis (Nguembock et al. 2008b, Olsson et al. 2013); change the scientific name from Apalis ruwenzorii to Oreolais ruwenzorii.

References:

Nguembock B., J. Fjeldså, A. Couloux, C. Cruaud, and E. Pasquet. 2008b. Polyphyly of the genus Apalis and new generic name for the species pulchra and ruwenzorii. Ibis 150: 756-765.

Olsson, U., M. Irestedt, G. Sangster, P.G.P. Ericson, and P. Alström. 2013. Systematic revision of the avian family Cisticolidae based on a multi-locus phylogeny of all genera. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 66: 790-799.

 

page 424, Red-fronted Warbler Urorhipis rufifrons

Red-fronted Warbler Urorhipis rufifrons is embedded in the genus Prinia (Olsson et al. 2013); change the scientific name to Prinia rufifrons, and change the English name to Red-fronted Prinia.

Change the names of the polytypic group Red-fronted Warbler (Red-fronted) Urorhipis rufifrons rufifrons/smithi to Red-fronted Prinia (Red-fronted) Prinia rufifrons rufifrons/smithi.

Change the names of the monotypic group Red-fronted Warbler (Rufous-backed) Urorhipis rufifrons rufidorsalis to Red-fronted Prinia (Rufous-backed) Prinia rufifrons rufidorsalis.

Reference:

Olsson, U., M. Irestedt, G. Sangster, P.G.P. Ericson, and P. Alström. 2013. Systematic revision of the avian family Cisticolidae based on a multi-locus phylogeny of all genera. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 66: 790-799.

 

page 444, Banded Warbler Sylvia boehmi

In accord with widespread usage (e.g., Britton 1980, Dowsett and Forbes-Watson 1993, Urban et al. 1997, Stevenson and Fanshawe 2002), change the English name of Sylvia boehmi from Banded Warbler to Banded Parisoma.

References:

Britton, P.L. (editor). 1980. Birds of east Africa. East Africa Natural History Society, Nairobi.

Dowsett, R.J., and A.D. Forbes-Watson. 1993. Checklist of birds of the Afrotropical and Malagasy regions. Volume 1: species limits and distribution. Tauraco Press, Liège, Belgium.

Stevenson, R., and J. Fanshawe. 2002. Field guide to the birds of East Africa. T & A D Poyser, London.

Urban, E.K., C.H. Fry, and S. Keith. 1997. The birds of Africa. Volume V. Academic Press, London.

 

page 444, Brown Warbler Sylvia lugens

In accord with widespread usage (e.g., Britton 1980, Dowsett and Forbes-Watson 1993, Urban et al. 1997, Stevenson and Fanshawe 2002), change the English name of Sylvia lugens from Brown Warbler to Brown Parisoma.

Change the English name of the polytypic group Sylvia lugens [lugens Group] from Brown Warbler (Brown) to Brown Parisoma (Brown).

Change the English name of the monotypic group Sylvia lugens griseiventris from Brown Warbler (Gray-vented) to Brown Parisoma (Gray-vented).

References:

Britton, P.L. (editor). 1980. Birds of east Africa. East Africa Natural History Society, Nairobi.

Dowsett, R.J., and A.D. Forbes-Watson. 1993. Checklist of birds of the Afrotropical and Malagasy regions. Volume 1: species limits and distribution. Tauraco Press, Liège, Belgium.

Stevenson, R., and J. Fanshawe. 2002. Field guide to the birds of East Africa. T & A D Poyser, London.

Urban, E.K., C.H. Fry, and S. Keith. 1997. The birds of Africa. Volume V. Academic Press, London.

 

page 550, White-breasted White-eye Zosterops abyssinicus

In accord with widespread usage (e.g., Britton 1980, Dowsett and Forbes-Watson 1993, Zimmerrman 1996, Fry et al. 2000, Stevenson and Fanshawe 2002), change the English name of Zosterops abyssinicus from White-breasted White-eye to Abyssinian White-eye.

Change the English name of the polytypic group Zosterops abyssinicus [abyssinicus Group] from White-breasted White-eye (Abyssinian) to Abyssinian White-eye (Abyssinian).

Change the English name of the polytypic group Zosterops abyssinicus flavilateralis/jubaensis from White-breasted White-eye (Kenya) to Abyssinian White-eye (Kenya).

References:

Britton, P.L. (editor). 1980. Birds of east Africa. East Africa Natural History Society, Nairobi.

Dowsett, R.J., and A.D. Forbes-Watson. 1993. Checklist of birds of the Afrotropical and Malagasy regions. Volume 1: species limits and distribution. Tauraco Press, Liège, Belgium.

Fry, C.H., S. Keith, and E.K. Urban (editors). 2000. The birds of Africa. Volume VI. Academic Press, London.

Stevenson, R., and J. Fanshawe. 2002. Field guide to the birds of East Africa. T & A D Poyser, London.

Zimmerman, D.A., D.A. Turner, and D.J. Pearson. 1996. Birds of northern Kenya and northern Tanzania. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 550, Cape White-eye Zosterops capensis

Change the scientific name of Cape White-eye from Zosterops capensis to Zosterops virens (Moreau 1967, Thompson and Taylor 2014, Dickinson and Christidis 2015).

Change the scientific name of the polytypic group Cape White-eye (Cape) from Zosterops capensis [capensis Group] to Zosterops virens [capensis Group].

Change the scientific name of the monotypic group Cape White-eye (Green) from Zosterops capensis virens to Zosterops virens virens.

References:

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2015. List of errata for Vol. 2 plus corrigenda in respect of range statements and additional errata from Vol. 1 (2013). Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

Moreau, R.E. 1967. Family Zosteropidae, white-eyes. African and Indian Ocean taxa. Pages 326-337 in R.A. Paynter, Jr. (editor), Check-list of birds of the world. Volume XII. Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Thompson, L.J., and B. Taylor. 2014. Is the Cape White-eye Zosterops virens or Zosterops capensis? Ostrich 85: 197–199.

 

page 554, Kolombangra White-eye Zosterops murphyi

Change the English name of Zosterops murphyi from Kolombangra White-eye to Kolombangara White-eye. Revise the range description from “Kolombangra (central Solomon Islands)” to “Kolombangara (central Solomon Islands)”.

 

page 490, Sukatschev’s Laughingthrush Ianthocincla sukatschewi

In accord with widespread usage (e.g., Inskipp et al. 1996, MacKinnon and Phillipps 2000), change the English name of Ianthocincla sukatschewi from Sukatschev’s Laughingthrush to Snowy-cheeked Laughingthrush.

References:

Inskipp, T., N. Lindsey, and W. Duckworth. 1996. An annotated checklist of the birds of the Oriental Region. Oriental Bird Club, Sandy, Bedfordshire, United Kingdom.

MacKinnon, J., and K. Phillipps. 2000. A field guide to the birds of China. Oxford University Press, New York and Oxford, United Kingdom.

 

page 491, Ashambu Laughingthrush Montecincla meridionale

Correct the spelling of the species name of Ashambu Laughingthrush from meridionale to meridionalis (Robin et al. 2017).

Reference:

Robin, V.V., C.K. Vishnudas, P. Gupta, F.E. Rheindt, D.H. Hooper, U. Ramakrishnan, and S. Reddy. 2017. Two new genera of songbirds represent endemic radiations fro the Shola Sky Islands of the Western Ghats, India. BMC Evolutionary Biology 17: 31.

 

page 413, Nilgiri Blue Robin Sholicola major

Change the English name of Sholicola major from Nilgiri Blue Robin to Nilgiri Sholakili (Robin et al. 2017).

Reference:

Reference:

Robin, V.V., C.K. Vishnudas, P. Gupta, F.E. Rheindt, D.H. Hooper, U. Ramakrishnan, and S. Reddy. 2017. Two new genera of songbirds represent endemic radiations fro the Shola Sky Islands of the Western Ghats, India. BMC Evolutionary Biology 17: 31.

 

page 413, White-bellied Blue Robin Sholicola albiventris

Change the English name of Sholicola albiventris from White-bellied Blue Robin to White-bellied Sholakili (Robin et al. 2017).

Reference:

Robin, V.V., C.K. Vishnudas, P. Gupta, F.E. Rheindt, D.H. Hooper, U. Ramakrishnan, and S. Reddy. 2017. Two new genera of songbirds represent endemic radiations fro the Shola Sky Islands of the Western Ghats, India. BMC Evolutionary Biology 17: 31.

 

page 453, White-bellied Blue Flycatcher Cyornis pallipes

Change the spelling of the species name from pallipes to pallidipes (Dickinson and Christidis 2014).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 414, Brown-chested Alethe Pseudalethe poliocephala

page 414, Red-throated Alethe Pseudalethe poliophrys

page 414, Cholo Alethe Pseudalethe choloensis

page 414, White-chested Alethe Pseudalethe fuelleborni

The genus name Chamaetylas Heine 1860 has priority over Pseudalethe Beresford 2003 (Dickinson and Christidis 2014).

Change the scientific name of Brown-chested Alethe from Pseudalethe poliocephala to Chamaetylas poliocephala.

Change the scientific name of the monotypic group Brown-chested Alethe (Gray-headed) from Pseudalethe poliocephala poliocephala to Chamaetylas poliocephala poliocephala.

Change the scientific name of the monotypic group Brown-chested Alethe (Gabela) from Pseudalethe poliocephala hallae to Chamaetylas poliocephala hallae.

Change the scientific name of the monotypic group Brown-chested Alethe (Chestnut-backed) from Pseudalethe poliocephala compsonota to Chamaetylas poliocephala compsonota.

Change the scientific name of the polytypic group Brown-chested Alethe (Brown-chested) from Pseudalethe poliocephala [carruthersi Group] to Chamaetylas poliocephala [carruthersi Group].

Change the scientific name of Red-throated Alethe from Pseudalethe poliophrys to Chamaetylas poliophrys.

Change the scientific name of Cholo Alethe from Pseudalethe choloensis to Chamaetylas choloensis.

Change the scientific name of White-chested Alethe from Pseudalethe fuelleborni to Chamaetylas fuelleborni.

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 456, Black-throated Blue Robin Calliope obscura

In accord with widespread usage (e.g. Inskipp et al. 1996, MacKinnon and Phillipps 2000, Robson 2000), change the English name of Calliope obscura from Black-throated Blue Robin to Blackthroat.

References:

Inskipp, T., N. Lindsey, and W. Duckworth. 1996. An annotated checklist of the birds of the Oriental Region. Oriental Bird Club, Sandy, Bedfordshire, United Kingdom.

MacKinnon, J., and K. Phillipps. 2000. A field guide to the birds of China. Oxford University Press, New York and Oxford, United Kingdom.

Robson, C. 2000. A guide to the birds of southeast Asia. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 450, Korean Flycatcher Ficedula zanthopygia

In accord with widespread usage (e.g., Inskipp et al. 1996, MacKinnon and Phillipps 2000, Robson 2000, Brazil 2009), change the English name of Ficedula zanthopygia from Korean Flycatcher to Yellow-rumped Flycatcher.

References:

Brazil, M. 2009. Birds of East Asia. China, Taiwan, Korea, Japan, and Russia. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Inskipp, T., N. Lindsey, and W. Duckworth. 1996. An annotated checklist of the birds of the Oriental Region. Oriental Bird Club, Sandy, Bedfordshire, United Kingdom.

MacKinnon, J., and K. Phillipps. 2000. A field guide to the birds of China. Oxford University Press, New York and Oxford, United Kingdom.

Robson, C. 2000. A guide to the birds of southeast Asia. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 452, Black-and-rufous Flycatcher Ficedula nigrorufa

In accord with widespread usage (e.g. Inskipp et al. 1996, Rasmussen and Anderton 2005), change the English name of Ficedula nigrorufa from Black-and-rufous Flycatcher to Black-and-orange Flycatcher.

References:

Inskipp, T., N. Lindsey, and W. Duckworth. 1996. An annotated checklist of the birds of the Oriental Region. Oriental Bird Club, Sandy, Bedfordshire, United Kingdom.

Rasmussen, P.C., and J.C. Anderton. 2005. Birds of South Asia. The Ripley guide. Volume 2: attributes and status. Smithsonian Institution and Lynx Edicions, Washington D.C. and Barcelona.

 

page 401, Blue-capped Rock-Thrush Monticola cinclorhynchus

Change the spelling of the species name from cinclorhynchus to cinclorhyncha (Dickinson and Christidis 2014).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 401, Finsch’s Flycatcher-Thrush Neocossyphus finschii

Correct the spelling of the species name from finschii to finschi (Dickinson and Christidis 2014).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 403, Oberlaender’s Ground-Thrush Geokichla oberlaenderi

Change the English name of Geokichla oberlaenderi from Oberlaender’s Ground-Thrush to Oberländer’s Ground-Thrush (Urban et al. 1997).

Revise the range description for subspecies ruwenzorii from “Ruwenzori Mountains (Democratic Republic of the Congo/Uganda border)” to “Rwenzori Mountains (northeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo and southwestern Uganda)”.

Reference:

Urban, E.K., C.H. Fry, and S. Keith. 1997. The birds of Africa. Volume V. Academic Press, London.

 

page 410, Chinese Thrush Turdus mupinensis

Chinese Thrush is basal to the genus Turdus, and is sister to Groundscraper Thrush Psophocichla litsitsirupa (Nylander et al. 2008). Change the scientific name of Chinese Thrush from Turdus mupinensis to Otocichla mupinensis (Dickinson and Christidis 2014).

References:

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

Nylander, J.A.A., U. Olsson, P. Alström, and I. Sanmartín. 2008. Accounting for phylogenetic uncertainty in biogeography: a Bayesian approach to dispersal-vicariance analysis of the thrushes (Aves: Turdus). Systematic Biology 57: 257-268.

 

page 404, Tristan Thrush Nesocichla eremita

The monotypic genus Nesocichla is embedded within the genus Turdus (Klicka et al. 2005, Jønsson and Fjeldså 2006, Voelker et al. 2007, Nylander et al. 2008); change the scientific name of Tristan Thrush from Nesocichla eremita to Turdus eremita.

References:

Jønsson, K.A., and J. Fjeldså. 2006. A phylogenetic supertree of oscine passerines (Aves: Passeri). Zoologica Scripta 35: 149-186.

Klicka, J., G. Voelker, and G.M. Spellman. 2005. A molecular phylogenetic analysis of the “true thrushes” (Aves: Turdinae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 34: 486-500.

Nylander, J.A.A., U. Olsson, P. Alström, and I. Sanmartín. 2008. Accounting for phylogenetic uncertainty in biogeography: a Bayesian approach to dispersal-vicariance analysis of the thrushes (Aves: Turdus). Systematic Biology 57: 257-268.

Voelker, G., S. Rohwer, R.C.K. Bowie, and D.C. Outlaw. 2007. Molecular systematics of a speciose, cosmopolitan songbird genus: defining the limits of, and relationships among, the Turdus thrushes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 42: 422-434.

 

page 598, Spot-winged Starling Saroglossa spiloptera

Correct the spelling of the species name from spiloptera to spilopterus (Dickinson and Christidis 2014).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 535, Kenya Violet-backed Sunbird Anthreptes orientalis

In accord with widespread usage (e.g., Britton 1980, Dowsett and Forbes-Watson 1993, Zimmerman et al. 1996, Fry et al. 2000, Stevenson and Fanshawe 2002), change the English name of Anthreptes orientalis from Kenya Violet-backed Sunbird to Eastern Violet-backed Sunbird.

References:

Britton, P.L. (editor). 1980. Birds of east Africa. East Africa Natural History Society, Nairobi.

Dowsett, R.J., and A.D. Forbes-Watson. 1993. Checklist of birds of the Afrotropical and Malagasy regions. Volume 1: species limits and distribution. Tauraco Press, Liège, Belgium.

Fry, C.H., S. Keith, and E.K. Urban (editors). 2000. The birds of Africa. Volume VI. Academic Press, London.

Stevenson, R., and J. Fanshawe. 2002. Field guide to the birds of East Africa. T & A D Poyser, London.

Zimmerman, D.A., D.A. Turner, and D.J. Pearson. 1996. Birds of northern Kenya and northern Tanzania. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 535, Seimund’s Sunbird Anthreptes seimundi

In accord with widespread usage (e.g., Britton 1980, Dowsett and Forbes-Watson 1993, Fry et al. 2000, Borrow and Demey 2001), change the English name of Anthreptes seimundi from Seimund’s Sunbird to Little Green Sunbird.

References:

Borrow, N., and R. Demey. 2001. A guide to birds of western Africa. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Britton, P.L. (editor). 1980. Birds of east Africa. East Africa Natural History Society, Nairobi.

Dowsett, R.J., and A.D. Forbes-Watson. 1993. Checklist of birds of the Afrotropical and Malagasy regions. Volume 1: species limits and distribution. Tauraco Press, Liège, Belgium.

Fry, C.H., S. Keith, and E.K. Urban (editors). 2000. The birds of Africa. Volume VI. Academic Press, London.

 

page 436, Sao Tome Short-tail Amaurocichla bocagii

Sao Tome Short-tail Amaurocichla bocagii is nested within Motacilla, and apparently is the sister species to Madagascar Wagtail Motacilla flaviventris (Harris et al. 2018; see also Alström et al. 2015a). Change the scientific name of Sao Tome Short-tail to Motacilla bocagii.

References:

Alström, P., K.A. Jønsson,J. Fjeldså, A. Ödeen, P.G.P. Ericson, and M. Irestedt. 2015a. Dramatic niche shifts and morphological change in two insular bird species. Royal Society Open Science 2: 140364.

Harris, R.B., P. Alström, A. Ödeen, and A.D. Leaché. 2018. Discordance between genomic divergence and phenotypic variation in a rapidly evolving avian genus (Motacilla). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 120: 183-195.

 

page 664, Crested Bunting Melophus lathami

Crested Bunting, formerly classified in a monotypic genus as Melophus lathami, is embedded within the genus Emberiza (Alström et al. 2008, Päckert et al. 2015). Position Crested Bunting to immediately follow Brown-rumped Bunting Emberiza affinis.

References:

Alström, P., U. Olsson, F. Lei, H.-t. Wang, W. Gao, and P. Sundberg. 2008. Phylogeny and classification of the Old World Emberizini (Aves, Passeriformes). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 47: 960–973.

Päckert, M., Y.-H. Sun, P. Struzenberger, O. Valchuk, D.T. Tietze, and J. Martens. 2015. Phylogenetic relationships of endemic bunting species (Aves, Passeriformes, Emberizidae, Emberiza) from the eastern Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Vertebrate Zoology 65: 135-150.

 

page 664, Rock Bunting Emberiza cia

page 664, Godlewski’s Bunting Emberiza godlewskii

Subspecies hordei of Rock Bunting, with range “Greece, central Asia Minor and Levant”, is considered to be a junior synonym of nominate cia (Kirwan et al. 2008, Rising 2011), and is deleted. Revise the range description of cia from “Iberian Peninsula and s Europe to w Asia Minor and N Africa” to “Iberian Peninsula and s Europe to w Asia Minor and N Africa”.

Subspecies prageri of Rock Bunting, with range “Crimea, Caucasus, ne Turkey and nw Iran”, is considered to be a junior synonym of subspecies par (Rising 2011), and is deleted. Revise the range description of par from “N and central Iran to Pakistan, nw India and s Altai Mountains” to “Crimea and the Causasus east to Iran, Afghanistan, northern Pakistan, northeast to the Altai Mountains (eastern Kazakhstan, northwestern China, southern Russia, and western Mongolia); partially migratory.

Subspecies stracheyi, which we previously classified under Godlewski’s Bunting, properly belongs with Rock Bunting (Martens 1972, Rasmussen and Anderton 2012). Change the scientific name from Emberiza godlewskii stracheyi to Emberiza cia stracheyi. Reposition stracheyi to immediately follow Emberiza cia par. Revise the range description from “W Himalayas (Chitral to Ladakh)” to “western Himalayas (northern Pakistan to southwestern China and western Nepal)”.

Subspecies flemingorum, which we previously classified under Godlewski’s Bunting, properly belongs with Rock Bunting (Martens 1972, Rasmussen and Anderton 2012). Change the scientific name from Emberiza godlewskii flemingorum to Emberiza cia flemingorum. Reposition flemingorum to immediately follow Emberiza cia stracheyi. Revise the range description from “Nepal” to “central Nepal”.

References:

Kirwan, G.M., K.A. Boyla, P. Castell, B. Demirci, M. Özen, H. Welch, and T. Marlow. 2008. The birds of Turkey. Christopher Helm, London.

Martens, J. 1972. Brutverbreitung paläarktischer Vögel im Nepal-Himalaya. Bonner Zoologische Beiträge 23: 95-121.

Rasmussen, P.C., and J.C. Anderton. 2012. Birds of South Asia. The Ripley guide. Volume 2: attributes and status. Second Edition. Smithsonian Institution and Lynx Edicions, Washington D.C. and Barcelona.

Rising, J.D. 2011. Family Emberizidae (buntings and New World sparrows). Pages 428-693 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (editors), Handbook of birds of the world. Volume 16. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

page 664, Slaty Bunting Latoucheornis siemsseni

Slaty Bunting, formerly classified in a monotypic genus as Latoucheornis siemsseni, is embedded within the genus Emberiza (Alström et al. 2008, Päckert et al. 2015). Change the scientific name to Emberiza siemsseni. Position Slaty Bunting to immediately follow Striolated Bunting Emberiza striola.

References:

Alström, P., U. Olsson, F. Lei, H.-t. Wang, W. Gao, and P. Sundberg. 2008. Phylogeny and classification of the Old World Emberizini (Aves, Passeriformes). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 47: 960–973.

Päckert, M., Y.-H. Sun, P. Struzenberger, O. Valchuk, D.T. Tietze, and J. Martens. 2015. Phylogenetic relationships of endemic bunting species (Aves, Passeriformes, Emberizidae, Emberiza) from the eastern Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Vertebrate Zoology 65: 135-150.

 

page 684, LeConte’s Sparrow Ammodramus leconteii

In accord with AOS-NACC (Chesser et al. 2018), change the scientific name of LeConte’s Sparrow from Ammodramus leconteii to Ammospiza leconteii, based on genetic evidence that Ammodramus is not monophyletic (Klicka and Spellman 2007, Klicka et al. 2014, Barker et al. 2015, and other references). Position Ammospiza immediately following Vesper Sparrow Pooecetes gramineus.

References:

Barker, F.K., K.J. Burns, J. Klicka, S.M. Lanyon, and I.J. Lovette. 2015. New insights into New World biogeography: an integrated view from the phylogeny of blackbirds, cardinals, sparrows, tanagers, warblers, and allies. Auk 132: 333-348.

Chesser, R.T., K.J. Burns, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., D.F. Stotz, B.M. Winger, and K. Winker. 2018. Fifty-ninth supplement to the American Ornithological Society’s Check-list of North American birds. Auk 135: 798-813.

Klicka, J., and G.M. Spellman. 2007. A molecular evaluation of the North American “grassland” sparrow clade. Auk 124: 537-551.

Klicka, J., F.K. Barker, K.J. Burns, S.M. Lanyon, I.J. Lovette, J.A. Chaves, and R.W. Bryson, Jr. 2014. A comprehensive multilocus assessment of sparrow (Aves: Passerellidae) relationships. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 77: 177-182.

 

page 683, Seaside Sparrow Ammodramus maritimus

In accord with AOS-NACC (Chesser et al. 2018), change the scientific name of Seaside Sparrow from Ammodramus maritimus to Ammospiza maritima, based on genetic evidence that Ammodramus is not monophyletic (Klicka and Spellman 2007, Klicka et al. 2014, Barker et al. 2015, and other references).

Change the scientific name of the polytypic group Seaside Sparrow (Atlantic) from Ammodramus maritimus maritimus/macgillivraii to Ammospiza maritima maritima/macgillivraii.

Change the spelling of the name of the nominate subspecies from maritimus to maritima.

Change the scientific name of the monotypic group Seaside Sparrow (Dusky) from Ammodramus maritimus nigrescens to Ammospiza maritima nigrescens.

Change the scientific name of the polytypic group Seaside Sparrow (Gulf of Mexico) from Ammodramus maritimus [sennetti Group] to Ammospiza maritima [sennetti Group].

Change the scientific name of the monotypic group Seaside Sparrow (Cape Sable) from Ammodramus maritimus mirabilis to Ammospiza maritima mirabilis.

References:

Barker, F.K., K.J. Burns, J. Klicka, S.M. Lanyon, and I.J. Lovette. 2015. New insights into New World biogeography: an integrated view from the phylogeny of blackbirds, cardinals, sparrows, tanagers, warblers, and allies. Auk 132: 333-348.

Chesser, R.T., K.J. Burns, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., D.F. Stotz, B.M. Winger, and K. Winker. 2018. Fifty-ninth supplement to the American Ornithological Society’s Check-list of North American birds. Auk 135: 798-813.

Klicka, J., and G.M. Spellman. 2007. A molecular evaluation of the North American “grassland” sparrow clade. Auk 124: 537-551.

Klicka, J., F.K. Barker, K.J. Burns, S.M. Lanyon, I.J. Lovette, J.A. Chaves, and R.W. Bryson, Jr. 2014. A comprehensive multilocus assessment of sparrow (Aves: Passerellidae) relationships. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 77: 177-182.

 

page 684, Nelson’s Sparrow Ammodramus nelsoni

In accord with AOS-NACC (Chesser et al. 2018), change the scientific name of Nelson’s Sparrow from Ammodramus nelsoni to Ammospiza nelsoni, based on genetic evidence that Ammodramus is not monophyletic (Klicka and Spellman 2007, Klicka et al. 2014, Barker et al. 2015, and other references).

Change the scientific name of the polytypic group Nelson’s Sparrow (Interior) from Ammodramus nelsoni/alter to Ammospiza nelsoni/altera.

Change the spelling of the subspecies name alter to altera.

Change the scientific name of the monotypic group Nelson’s Sparrow (Atlantic Coast) from Ammodramus nelsoni subvirgatus to Ammospiza nelsoni subvirgata.

References:

Barker, F.K., K.J. Burns, J. Klicka, S.M. Lanyon, and I.J. Lovette. 2015. New insights into New World biogeography: an integrated view from the phylogeny of blackbirds, cardinals, sparrows, tanagers, warblers, and allies. Auk 132: 333-348.

Chesser, R.T., K.J. Burns, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., D.F. Stotz, B.M. Winger, and K. Winker. 2018. Fifty-ninth supplement to the American Ornithological Society’s Check-list of North American birds. Auk 135: 798-813.

Klicka, J., and G.M. Spellman. 2007. A molecular evaluation of the North American “grassland” sparrow clade. Auk 124: 537-551.

Klicka, J., F.K. Barker, K.J. Burns, S.M. Lanyon, I.J. Lovette, J.A. Chaves, and R.W. Bryson, Jr. 2014. A comprehensive multilocus assessment of sparrow (Aves: Passerellidae) relationships. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 77: 177-182.

 

page 684, Saltmarsh Sparrow Ammodramus caudacutus

In accord with AOS-NACC (Chesser et al. 2018), change the scientific name of Saltmarsh Sparrow from Ammodramus caudacutus to Ammospiza caudacuta, based on genetic evidence that Ammodramus is not monophyletic (Klicka and Spellman 2007, Klicka et al. 2014, Barker et al. 2015, and other references).

Change the spelling of the name of the nominate subspecies from caudacutus to caudacuta.

Change the spelling of the subspecies name diversus to diversa.

References:

Barker, F.K., K.J. Burns, J. Klicka, S.M. Lanyon, and I.J. Lovette. 2015. New insights into New World biogeography: an integrated view from the phylogeny of blackbirds, cardinals, sparrows, tanagers, warblers, and allies. Auk 132: 333-348.

Chesser, R.T., K.J. Burns, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., D.F. Stotz, B.M. Winger, and K. Winker. 2018. Fifty-ninth supplement to the American Ornithological Society’s Check-list of North American birds. Auk 135: 798-813.

Klicka, J., and G.M. Spellman. 2007. A molecular evaluation of the North American “grassland” sparrow clade. Auk 124: 537-551.

Klicka, J., F.K. Barker, K.J. Burns, S.M. Lanyon, I.J. Lovette, J.A. Chaves, and R.W. Bryson, Jr. 2014. A comprehensive multilocus assessment of sparrow (Aves: Passerellidae) relationships. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 77: 177-182.

 

page 684, Baird’s Sparrow Ammodramus bairdii

page 684, Henslow’s Sparrow Ammodramus henslowii

In accord with AOS-NACC (Chesser et al. 2018), change the scientific name of Baird’s Sparrow from Ammodramus bairdii to Centronyx bairdii, based on genetic evidence that Ammodramus is not monophyletic (Klicka and Spellman 2007, Klicka et al. 2014, Barker et al. 2015, and other references).

Change the scientific name of Henslow’s Sparrow from Ammodramus henslowii to Centronyx henslowii.

Position Centronyx immediately following Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis.

References:

Barker, F.K., K.J. Burns, J. Klicka, S.M. Lanyon, and I.J. Lovette. 2015. New insights into New World biogeography: an integrated view from the phylogeny of blackbirds, cardinals, sparrows, tanagers, warblers, and allies. Auk 132: 333-348.

Chesser, R.T., K.J. Burns, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., D.F. Stotz, B.M. Winger, and K. Winker. 2018. Fifty-ninth supplement to the American Ornithological Society’s Check-list of North American birds. Auk 135: 798-813.

Klicka, J., and G.M. Spellman. 2007. A molecular evaluation of the North American “grassland” sparrow clade. Auk 124: 537-551.

Klicka, J., F.K. Barker, K.J. Burns, S.M. Lanyon, I.J. Lovette, J.A. Chaves, and R.W. Bryson, Jr. 2014. A comprehensive multilocus assessment of sparrow (Aves: Passerellidae) relationships. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 77: 177-182.

 

page 693, Red-breasted Meadowlark Sturnella militaris

page 693, White-browed Meadowlark Sturnella superciliaris

page 693, Peruvian Meadowlark Sturnella bellicosa

page 693, Pampas Meadowlark Sturnella defilippii

page 693, Long-tailed Meadowlark Sturnella loyca

Meadowlarks (Sturnella) consist of two clades; althougth these are sister taxa, the divergence between them is very deep (Powell et al. 2014), and these clades are best considered to be separate genera (Dickinson and Christidis 2014, Remsen et al. 2016, Chesser et al. 2017; see also AOS-SACC Proposal 778).

Change the scientific name of Red-breasted Meadowlark from Sturnella militaris to Leistes militaris.

Change the scientific name of White-browed Meadowlark from Sturnella superciliaris to Leistes superciliaris.

Change the scientific name of Peruvian Meadowlark from Sturnella bellicosa to Leistes bellicosus. Change the spelling of the nominate subspecies from bellicosa to bellicosus.

Change the scientific name of Pampas Meadowlark from Sturnella defilippii to Leistes defilippii.

Change the scientific name of Long-tailed Meadowlark from Sturnella loyca to Leistes loyca. Change the spelling of the subspecies name from catamarcana to catamarcanus. Change the spelling of the subspecies name from falklandica to falklandicus.

References:

Chesser, R.T., K.J. Burns, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2017. Fifty-eighth supplement to the American Ornithological Society’s Check-list of North American birds. Auk 134: 751-773.

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis. 2014. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

Powell, A.F.L.A., F.K. Barker, S.M. Lanyon, K.J. Burns, J. Klicka, and I.J. Lovette. 2014. A comprehensive species-level molecular phylogeny of the New World blackbirds (Icteridae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 71: 94-112.

Remsen, J.V., Jr., A.F.L.A. Powell, R. Schodde, F.K. Barker, and S.M. Lanyon. 2016. A revised classification of the Icteridae (Aves) based on DNA sequence data. Zootaxa 4093: 285-292.

 

page 643, Masked Yellowthroat Geothlypis aequinoctialis

page 643, Olive-crowned Yellowthroat Geothlypis semiflava

In accord with AOS-NACC (Chesser et al. 2018), the monotypic group Masked Yellowthroat (Chiriqui) Geothlypis aequinoctialis chiriquensis is transferred to Olive-crowned Yellowthroat Geothlypis semiflava, following Escalante et al. (2009) and Freeman and Montgomery (2017). Change English name to Olive-crowned Yellowthroat (Chiriqui), and the scientific name to Geothlypis semiflava chiriquensis. Position chiriquensis immediately following the monotypic group Olive-crowned Yellowthroat (Baird’s) Geothlypis semiflava bairdi. Revise the range description from “Lowlands of sw Costa Rica and w Panama (w Chiriquí)” to “Pacific slope of extreme southern Costa Rica and western Panama (western Chiriquí)”.

References:

Chesser, R.T., K.J. Burns, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., D.F. Stotz, B.M. Winger, and K. Winker. 2018. Fifty-ninth supplement to the American Ornithological Society’s Check-list of North American birds. Auk 135: 798-813.

Escalante, P., L. Márquez-Valdelamar, P. de la Torre, J.P. Laclette, and J. Klicka. 2009. Evolutionary history of a prominent North American warbler clade: the OporornisGeothlypis complex. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 53: 668-678.

Freeman, B.G., and G.A. Montogomery. 2017. Using song playback experiments to measure species recognition between geographically isolated populations: a comparison with acoustic trait analyses. Auk 134: 857-870.

 

page 673, Puerto Rican Bullfinch Loxigilla portoricensis

In accord with AOS-NACC (Chesser et al. 2018), change the scientific name of Puerto Rican Bullfinch from Loxigilla portoricensis to Melopyrrha portoricensis, based on genetic evidence that Loxigilla is polyphyletic, and that Puerto Rican and Greater Antillean bullfinches are more closely related to Cuban Bullfinch Melopyrrha nigra than to other species of Loxigilla (Burns et al. 2014).

Reposition Puerto Rican Bullfinch to immediately follow Orangequit Euneornis campestris.

References:

Burns, K.J., A.J. Shultz, P.O. Title, N.A. Mason, F.K. Barker, J. Klicka, S.M. Lanyon, and I.J. Lovette. 2014. Phylogenetics and diversification of tanagers (Passeriformes: Thraupidae), the largest radiation of Neotropical songbirds. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 75: 41-77.

Chesser, R.T., K.J. Burns, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., D.F. Stotz, B.M. Winger, and K. Winker. 2018. Fifty-ninth supplement to the American Ornithological Society’s Check-list of North American birds. Auk 135: 798-813.

 

page 673, Greater Antillean Bullfinch Loxigilla violacea

In accord with AOS-NACC (Chesser et al. 2018), change the scientific name of Greater Antillean Bullfinch from Loxigilla violacea to Melopyrrha violacea, based on genetic evidence that Loxigilla is polyphyletic, and that Puerto Rican and Greater Antillean bullfinches are more closely related to Cuban Bullfinch Meloprrha nigra than to other species of Loxigilla (Burns et al. 2014).

Reposition Greater Antillean Bullfinch to immediately follow Cuban Bullfinch.

References:

Burns, K.J., A.J. Shultz, P.O. Title, N.A. Mason, F.K. Barker, J. Klicka, S.M. Lanyon, and I.J. Lovette. 2014. Phylogenetics and diversification of tanagers (Passeriformes: Thraupidae), the largest radiation of Neotropical songbirds. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 75: 41-77.

Chesser, R.T., K.J. Burns, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., D.F. Stotz, B.M. Winger, and K. Winker. 2018. Fifty-ninth supplement to the American Ornithological Society’s Check-list of North American birds. Auk 135: 798-813.

 

page 687, Española Cactus-Finch Geospiza conirostris

In accord with AOS-SACC (Proposal 747), change the English name of Geospiza conirostris from Española Cactus-Finch to Española Ground-Finch.

 

page 602, Russet Sparrow Passer rutlians

Change the scientific name of Russet Sparrow from Passer rutilans to Passer cinnamomeus; Mlíkovský (2011) reported that the name cinnamomeus has priority over rutilans.

Reference:

Mlíkovský, J. 2011. Correct name for the Asian Russet Sparrow. Chinese Birds 2: 109-110.

 

page 603, Yellow-spotted Petronia Petronia pyrgita

Change the scientific name of Yellow-spotted Petronia from Petronia pyrgita to Gymnornis pyrgita (Dickinson 2003, Fjeldså et al. 2010, Price et al. 2014).

References:

Dickinson, E.C. (editor). 2003. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Third edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Fjeldså, J., M. Irestedt, P.G.P. Ericson, and D. Zuccon. 2010. The Cinnamon Ibon Hypocryptadius cinnamomeus is a forest canopy sparrow. Ibis 152: 747-760.

Price, T.D., D.M. Hooper, C.D. Buchanan, U.S. Johansson, D.T. Tietze, P. Alströn, U. Olsson, M. Ghosh-Harihar, F. Ishtiaq, S.K. Gupta, J. Martens, B. Harr, P. Singh, and D. Mohan. 2014. Niche filling slows the diversification of Himalayan songbirds. Nature 509: 222-225.

 

page 603, Chestnut-shouldered Petronia Petronia xanthocollis

Change the scientific name of Chestnut-shouldered Petronia from Petronia xanthocollis to Gymnornis xanthocollis (Dickinson 2003, Fjeldså et al. 2010, Price et al. 2014).

References:

Dickinson, E.C. (editor). 2003. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Third edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Fjeldså, J., M. Irestedt, P.G.P. Ericson, and D. Zuccon. 2010. The Cinnamon Ibon Hypocryptadius cinnamomeus is a forest canopy sparrow. Ibis 152: 747-760.

Price, T.D., D.M. Hooper, C.D. Buchanan, U.S. Johansson, D.T. Tietze, P. Alströn, U. Olsson, M. Ghosh-Harihar, F. Ishtiaq, S.K. Gupta, J. Martens, B. Harr, P. Singh, and D. Mohan. 2014. Niche filling slows the diversification of Himalayan songbirds. Nature 509: 222-225.

 

page 603, Yellow-throated Petronia Petronia superciliaris

Change the scientific name of Yellow-throated Petronia from Petronia superciliaris to Gymnornis superciliaris (Dickinson 2003, Fjeldså et al. 2010, Price et al. 2014).

References:

Dickinson, E.C. (editor). 2003. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Third edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Fjeldså, J., M. Irestedt, P.G.P. Ericson, and D. Zuccon. 2010. The Cinnamon Ibon Hypocryptadius cinnamomeus is a forest canopy sparrow. Ibis 152: 747-760.

Price, T.D., D.M. Hooper, C.D. Buchanan, U.S. Johansson, D.T. Tietze, P. Alströn, U. Olsson, M. Ghosh-Harihar, F. Ishtiaq, S.K. Gupta, J. Martens, B. Harr, P. Singh, and D. Mohan. 2014. Niche filling slows the diversification of Himalayan songbirds. Nature 509: 222-225.

 

page 604, Bush Petronia Petronia dentata

Change the scientific name of Bush Petronia from Petronia dentata to Gymnornis dentata (Dickinson 2003, Fjeldså et al. 2010, Price et al. 2014).

References:

Dickinson, E.C. (editor). 2003. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Third edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Fjeldså, J., M. Irestedt, P.G.P. Ericson, and D. Zuccon. 2010. The Cinnamon Ibon Hypocryptadius cinnamomeus is a forest canopy sparrow. Ibis 152: 747-760.

Price, T.D., D.M. Hooper, C.D. Buchanan, U.S. Johansson, D.T. Tietze, P. Alströn, U. Olsson, M. Ghosh-Harihar, F. Ishtiaq, S.K. Gupta, J. Martens, B. Harr, P. Singh, and D. Mohan. 2014. Niche filling slows the diversification of Himalayan songbirds. Nature 509: 222-225.

 

page 604, Rock Petronia Petronia petronia

In accord with widespread usage (e.g., Inskipp et al. 1996, Fry and Keith 2004, Rasmussen and Anderton 2005), change the English name of Petronia petronia from Rock Petronia to Rock Sparrow.

References:

Fry, C.H., and S. Keith (editors). 2004. The birds of Africa. Volume VII. Academic Press, London.

Inskipp, T., N. Lindsey, and W. Duckworth. 1996. An annotated checklist of the birds of the Oriental Region. Oriental Bird Club, Sandy, Bedfordshire, United Kingdom.

Rasmussen, P.C., and J.C. Anderton. 2005. Birds of South Asia. The Ripley guide. Volume 2: attributes and status. Smithsonian Institution and Lynx Edicions, Washington D.C. and Barcelona.

 

page 605, Social Weaver Philetairus socius

In accord with widespread usage (Dowsett and Forbes-Watson 1993, Fry and Keith 2004, Hockey et al. 2005), change the English name of Philetairus socius from Social Weaver to Sociable Weaver.

References:

Dowsett, R.J., and A.D. Forbes-Watson. 1993. Checklist of birds of the Afrotropical and Malagasy regions. Volume 1: species limits and distribution. Tauraco Press, Liège, Belgium.

Fry, C.H., and S. Keith (editors). 2004. The birds of Africa. Volume VII. Academic Press, London.

Hockey, P.A.R., W.R.J. Dean, and P.G. Ryan (editors). 2005. Roberts Birds of southern Africa. VII edition. Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town.

 

GROUPS

GROUPS – newly created groups

 

Speckled Chachalaca (Speckled) Ortalis guttata guttata/subaffinis

Speckled Chachalaca (Parana) Ortalis guttata remota

Sultan’s Cuckoo-Dove (Sulawesi) Macropygia doreya [albicapilla Group]

Sultan’s Cuckoo-Dove (Sultan’s) Macropygia doreya [doreya Group]

Thick-billed Pigeon (Thick-billed) Treron curvirostra curvirostra

Thick-billed Pigeon (Barusan) Treron curvirostra hypothapsinus

Little Bronze-Cuckoo (Pied) Chrysococcyx minutillus crassirostris

Cape Petrel (Antarctic) Daption capense capense

Cape Petrel (Snares) Daption capense australe

Lesser Frigatebird (Lesser) Fregata ariel ariel/iredaeli

Lesser Frigatebird (Trindade) Fregata ariel trinitatis

Brown Pelican (Galapagpos) Pelecanus occidentalis urinator

Shikra (African) Accipiter badius sphenurus/polyzonoides

Shikra (Asian) Accipiter badius [badius Group]

Roadside Hawk (Northern) Rupornis magnirostris [magnirostris Group]

Roadside Hawk (Southern) Rupornis magnirostris [pucherani Group]

Rajah Scops-Owl (Sumatran) Otus brookii solokensis

Rajah Scops-Owl (Bornean) Otus brookii brookii

Sulawesi Scops-Owl (Sulawesi) Otus manadensis manadensis

Sulawesi Scops-Owl (Banggai) Otus manadensis mendeni

Rufescent Screech-Owl (Rufescent) Megascops ingens ingens/venezuelanus

Collared Owlet (Collared) Glaucidium brodiei brodiei/pardalotum

Collared Owlet (Sunda) Glaucidium brodiei sylvaticum/borneense

Burrowing Owl (guadeloupensis Group) Athene cunicularia [guadeloupensis Group]

Burrowing Owl (Andean) Athene cunicularia [tolimae Group]

Burrowing Owl (Littoral) Athene cunicularia nanodes/juninensis

Burrowing Owl (grallaria) Athene cunicularia grallaria

Burrowing Owl (Southern) Athene cunicularia [cunicularia Group]

Brown Wood-Owl (Brown) Strix leptogrammica [indranee Group]

Brown Wood-Owl (Bornean) Strix leptogrammica [leptogrammica Group]

Black-throated Trogon (tenellus) Trogon rufus tenellus

Black-throated Trogon (cupreicauda) Trogon rufus cupreicauda

Black-throated Trogon (rufus Group) Trogon rufus [rufus Group]

Black-throated Trogon (chrysochloros) Trogon rufus chrysochloros

Orange-breasted Trogon (Spice) Harpactes oreskios [dulitensis Group]

Orange-breasted Trogon (Orange-breasted) Harpactes oreskios oreskios

Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird (Yellow-rumped) Pogoniulus bilineatus [bilineatus Group]

Southern Emerald-Toucanet (Black-billed) Aulacorhynchus albivitta cyanolaemus

Long-tailed Parakeet (Andaman) Psittacula longicauda tytleri

Long-tailed Parakeet (Nicobar) Psittacula longicauda nicobarica

Long-tailed Parakeet (Long-tailed) Psittacula longicauda longicauda/defontainei

Long-tailed Parakeet (Enganno) Psittacula longicauda modesta

Dot-winged Antwren (Boucard’s) Microrhopias quixensis [boucardi Group]

Dot-winged Antwren (microstictus) Microrhopias quixensis microstictus

Dot-winged Antwren (quixensis) Microrhopias quixensis quixensis

Dot-winged Antwren (nigriventris) Microrhopias quixensis nigriventris

Dot-winged Antwren (White-tailed) Microrhopias quixensis albicauda/intercedens

Dot-winged Antwren (bicolor) Microrhopias quixensis bicolor

Dot-winged Antwren (emiliae) Microrhopias quixensis emiliae

Streak-chested Antpitta (Colombian Valleys) Hylopezus perspicillatus pallidior

Streak-chested Antpitta (Baudo) Hylopezus perspicillatus periophthalmicus

Plain Softtail (dimorpha) Thripophaga fusciceps dimorpha

Plain Softtail (obidensis) Thripophaga fusciceps obidensis

Plain Softtail (fusciceps) Thripophaga fusciceps fusciceps

Peruvian Tyrannulet (Peruvian) Zimmerius viridiflavus viridiflavus

Snethlage’s Tody-Tyrant (Igapo) Hemitriccus minor pallens

Snethlage’s Tody-Tyrant (Snethlage’s) Hemitriccus minor minor/snethlageae

Cinnamon Flycatcher (Santa Marta) Pyrrhomyias cinnamomeus assimilis

Cinnamon Flycatcher (Venezuelan) Pyrrhomyias cinnamomeus [vieillotioides Group]

Cinnamon Flycatcher (Andean) Pyrrhomyias cinnamomeus cinnamomeus/pyrrhopterus

Dusky-capped Flycatcher (tuberculifer/pallidus) Myiarchus tuberculifer tuberculifer/pallidus

Dusky-capped Flycatcher (nigriceps/atriceps) Myiarchus tuberculifer nigriceps/atriceps

Swainson’s Flycatcher (phaeonotus) Myiarchus swainsoni phaeonotus

Swainson’s Flycatcher (swainsoni Group) Myiarchus swainsoni [swainsoni Group]

Blue-backed Manakin (pareola/atlantica) Chiroxiphia pareola pareola/atlantica

Blue-backed Manakin (napensis) Chiroxiphia pareola napensis

Blue-backed Manakin (regina) Chiroxiphia pareola regina

Little Shrikethrush (Waigeo) Colluricincla megarhyncha affinis

Little Shrikethrush (Mamberamo) Colluricincla megarhyncha [obscura Group]

Little Shrikethrush (Sepik-Ramu) Colluricincla megarhyncha [tappenbecki Group]

Little Shrikethrush (Variable) Colluricincla megarhyncha [fortis Group]

Little Shrikethrush (Tagula) Colluricincla megarhyncha discolor

Little Shrikethrush (Rufous) Colluricincla megarhyncha [rufogaster Group]

Great Gray Shrike (Great Gray) Lanius excubitor [excubitor Group]

Great Gray Shrike (Sahara) Lanius excubitor [elegans Group]

Great Gray Shrike (Arabian) Lanius excubitor aucheri/buryi

Great Gray Shrike (Socotra) Lanius excubitor uncinatus

Great Gray Shrike (Indian) Lanius excubitor lahtora

Black-naped Oriole (Philippine) Oriolus chinensis [chinensis Group]

Black-naped Oriole (Talaud) Oriolus chinensis melanisticus

Black-naped Oriole (Sulawesi) Oriolus chinensis [frontalis Group]

Black-naped Oriole (Tenggara) Oriolus chinensis broderipi/boneratensis

Square-tailed Drongo (Saturnine) Dicrurus ludwigii sharpei/saturnus

Square-tailed Drongo (Square-tailed) Dicrurus ludwigii [ludwigii Group]

Fork-tailed Drongo (Glossy-backed) Dicrurus adsimilis divaricatus

Fork-tailed Drongo (Clancey’s) Dicrurus adsimilis apivorus

Fork-tailed Drongo (adsimilis/fugax) Dicrurus adsimilis adsimilis/fugax

Velvet-mantled Drongo (Fanti) Dicrurus modestus atactus

Velvet-mantled Drongo (coracinus) Dicrurus modestus coracinus

Hair-crested Drongo (Hair-crested) Dicrurus hottentottus hottentottus/brevirostris

Hair-crested Drongo (Bornean) Dicrurus hottentottus borneensis

Hair-crested Drongo (Javan) Dicrurus hottentottus jentincki/faberi

Hair-crested Drongo (White-eyed) Dicrurus hottentottus leucops/banggaiensis

Hair-crested Drongo (Obi) Dicrurus hottentottus guillemardi

Hair-crested Drongo (Sula) Dicrurus hottentottus pectoralis

Hair-crested Drongo (Palawan) Dicrurus hottentottus palawanensis

Hair-crested Drongo (Cuyo) Dicrurus hottentottus cuyensis

Hair-crested Drongo (Sulu) Dicrurus hottentottus suluensis

Sumatran Drongo (Sumatran) Dicrurus sumatranus sumatranus

Sumatran Drongo (Mentawai) Dicrurus sumatranus viridinitens

Wallacean Drongo (Lombok) Dicrurus densus vicinus

Wallacean Drongo (Flores) Dicrurus densus bimaensis

Wallacean Drongo (Sumba) Dicrurus densus sumbae

Wallacean Drongo (Timor) Dicrurus densus densus

Wallacean Drongo (Tanimbar) Dicrurus densus kuehni

Wallacean Drongo (Kai) Dicrurus densus megalornis

Spangled Drongo (Morotai) Dicrurus bracteatus morotensis

Spangled Drongo (Halmahera) Dicrurus bracteatus atrocaeruleus

Spangled Drongo (Buru) Dicrurus bracteatus buruensis

Spangled Drongo (Seram) Dicrurus bracteatus amboinensis

Spangled Drongo (Papuan) Dicrurus bracteatus carbonarius

Spangled Drongo (Bismarck) Dicrurus bracteatus laemostictus

Spangled Drongo (Guadalcanal) Dicrurus bracteatus meeki

Spangled Drongo (Makira) Dicrurus bracteatus longirostris

Spangled Drongo (Spangled) Dicrurus bracteatus [bracteatus Group]

Hooded Crow (Hooded) Corvus cornix [cornix Group]

Hooded Crow (Mesopotamian) Corvus cornix capellanus

Sultan Tit (Yellow-crested) Melanochlora sultanea [sultanea Group]

Sultan Tit (Black-crested) Melanochlora sultanea gayeti

Japanese Tit (Japanese) Parus minor [minor Group]

Japanese Tit (commixtus) Parus minor commixtus

Japanese Tit (Amami) Parus minor amamiensis

Japanese Tit (Okinawa) Parus minor okinawae

Japanese Tit (Ishigaki) Parus minor nigriloris

Eurasian Nuthatch (Western) Sitta europaea [europaea Group]

Eurasian Nuthatch (White-bellied) Sitta europaea [asiatica Group]

Eurasian Nuthatch (Buff-bellied) Sitta europaea [roseilia Group]

Eurasian Nuthatch (Chinese) Sitta europaea sinensis/formasana

White-lored Gnatcatcher (White-lored) Polioptila albiloris albiloris/vanrossemi

White-lored Gnatcatcher (Yucatan) Polioptila albiloris albiventris

Tropical Gnatcatcher (plumbiceps/anteocularis) Polioptila plumbea plumbiceps/anteocularis

Tropical Gnatcatcher (innotata) Polioptila plumbea innotata

Tropical Gnatcatcher (plumbea) Polioptila plumbea plumbea

Tropical Gnatcatcher (parvirostris) Polioptila plumbea parvirostris

Tropical Gnatcatcher (atricapilla) Polioptila plumbea atricapilla

Goldcrest (European) Regulus regulus [regulus Group]

Goldcrest (western Canary Islands) Regulus regulus ellenthalarae

Goldcrest (Asian) Regulus regulus [himalayensis Group]

Northern Crombec (Northern) Sylvietta brachyura brachyura/carnapi

Northern Crombec (Eastern) Sylvietta brachyura leucopsis

Greenish Warbler (viridanus) Phylloscopus trochiloides viridanus

Greenish Warbler (trochiloides/ludlowi) Phylloscopus trochiloides trochiloides/ludlowi

Greenish Warbler (obscuratus) Phylloscopus trochiloides obscuratus

Menetries’s Warbler (mystacea) Sylvia mystacea mystacea

Menetries’s Warbler (rubescens/turcmenica) Sylvia mystacea rubescens/turcmenica

African Yellow White-eye (Green) Zosterops senegalensis [stuhlmanni Group]

African Yellow White-eye (Southern) Zosterops senegalensis anderssoni/stierlingi

Broad-ringed White-eye (Ethiopian) Zosterops poliogastrus poliogastrus

Broad-ringed White-eye (Kaffa) Zosterops poliogastrus kaffensis

Broad-ringed White-eye (Mbulu) Zosterops poliogastrus mbuluensis

Broad-ringed White-eye (Kilimanjaro) Zosterops poliogastrus eurycricotus

Broad-ringed White-eye (South Pare) Zosterops poliogastrus winifredae

Chestnut-backed Scimitar-Babbler (Sunda) Pomatorhinus montanus bornensis/occidentalis

Chestnut-backed Scimitar-Babbler (Javan) Pomatorhinus montanus montanus/ottolanderi

Horsfield’s Babbler (Hartert’s) Turdinus sepiarius tardinatus/barussanus

Horsfield’s Babbler (Horsfield’s) Turdinus sepiarius sepiarius

Horsfield’s Babbler (Salvadori’s) Turdinus sepiarius rufiventris/harterti

Short-billed Pipit (Puna) Anthus furcatus brevirostris

Short-billed Pipit (Fork-tailed) Anthus furcatus furcatus

Pine Grosbeak (Eurasian) Pinicola enucleator [enucleator Group]

Pine Grosbeak (Pacific Northwest) Pinicola enucleator flammula

Pine Grosbeak (Queen Charlotte) Pinicola enucleator carlottae

Pine Grosbeak (Rocky Mts.) Pinicola enucleator montana

Pine Grosbeak (California) Pinicola enucleator californica

Pine Grosbeak (Taiga) Pinicola enucleator leucura

Red Crossbill (Central American or type 11) Loxia curvirostra mesamericana

Godlewski’s Bunting (godlewskii Group) Emberiza godlewskii [godlewskii Group]

Godlewski’s Bunting (yunnanensis/khamensis) Emberiza godlewskii yunnanensis/khamensis

Saffron-billed Sparrow (Stripe-crowned) Arremon flavirostris dorbignii

Saffron-billed Sparrow (Gray-backed) Arremon flavirostris polionotus

Saffron-billed Sparrow (Saffron-billed) Arremon flavirostris flavirostris

Rufous-collared Sparrow (Rufous-collared) Zonotrichia capensis [capensis Group]

Rufous-collared Sparrow (Patagonian) Zonotrichia capensis australis

Unicolored Blackbird (Azara’s) Agelasticus cyanopus atroolivaceus/unicolor

Unicolored Blackbird (Yellow-breasted) Agelasticus cyanopus cyanopus

Tropical Parula (South American) Setophaga pitiayumi [pitiayumi Group]

Buff-breasted Mountain-Tanager (Carriker’s) Dubusia taeniata carrikeri

Buff-breasted Mountain-Tanager (Buff-breasted) Dubusia taeniata taeniata

Golden Tanager (aurulenta Group) Tangara arthus [aurulenta Group]

Golden Tanager (pulchra Group) Tangara arthus [pulchra Group]

Capped Conebill (White-capped) Conirostrum albifrons [albifrons Group]

Capped Conebill (Blue-capped) Conirostrum albifrons [atrocyaneum Group]

Inaccessible Island Finch (Upland) Nesospiza acunhae fraseri

White-bellied Seedeater (Bicolored) Sporophila leucoptera bicolor

White-bellied Seedeater (Gray-backed) Sporophila leucoptera [leucoptera Group]

Bananaquit (Greater Antillean) Coereba flaveola [flaveola Group]

Bananaquit (Puerto Rico) Coereba flaveola portoricensis

Bananaquit (Lesser Antillean) Coereba flaveola [bartholemica Group]

Bananaquit (St. Vincent) Coereba flaveola atrata

Bananaquit (Grenada) Coereba flaveola aterrima

Bananaquit (Los Roques) Coereba flaveola lowii

Bananaquit (laurae/melanornis) Coereba flaveola laurae/melanornis

Bananaquit (Continental) Coereba flaveola [luteola Group]

Woodpecker Finch (pallidus/productus) Camarhynchus pallidus pallidus/productus

Woodpecker Finch (striatipecta) Camarhynchus pallidus striatipecta