Clements Checklist

Updates & Corrections – August 2014

2014 UPDATES and CORRECTIONS, to accompany the eBird/Clements Checklist 6.9 spreadsheet
Posted 15 August 2014

The Updates and Corrections are grouped into four sections. Within each section, items are listed in the order in which they are encountered in the Clements Checklist 6.9 spreadsheet, although we also continue to reference by page number the relevant entry in the last published edition of the Clements Checklist (sixth edition, 2007).

The four sections are

Species – gains and losses   (posted 14 August 2014)

Families – gains, losses, and changes to family composition or nomenclature   (posted 14 August 2014)

Standard Updates and Correction – all other changes, listed in sequence as they occur in the spreadsheet (posted 13 May 2015)

Groups – a list of new groups   (posted 14 August 2014)

SPECIES

SPECIES GAINS (splits and newly discovered species)

page 54, Dusky Scrubfowl  Megapodius freycinet

The monotypic group Dusky Scrubfowl (Biak) Megapodius freycinet geelvinkianus is elevated to species rank as Biak Scrubfowl Megapodius geelvinkianus, following Roselaar (1994) and Jones et al. (1995).

References:

Jones, D.N., R.W.R.J. Dekker, and C.E. Roselaar. 1995. The megapodes Megapodiidae. Oxford University Press, New York and Oxford, United Kingdom.

Roselaar, C.S. 1994. Systematic notes on Megapodiidae (Aves, Galliformes), including the description of five new subspecies. Bulletin Zoölogisch Museum, Universiteit van Amsterdam 14: 9-36.

 

page 11, Herald Petrel  Pterodroma arminjoniana

The two taxa formerly classified as subspecies of Herald Petrel (Pterodroma arminjoniana) each are recognized as separate species, Trindade Petrel (Pterodroma arminjoniana) and Herald Petrel (Pterodroma heraldica). These correspond to the two monotypic groups previously recognized in the eBird/Clements checklist, as Herald Petrel (Trindade) (Pterodroma arminjoniana arminjoniana) and Herald Petrel (Pacific) (Pterodroma arminjoniana heraldica), respectively. The rationale for recognizing two species is outlined in SACC Proposal 582; of the literature on this situation, an important recent contribution is Brown et al. (2011). Another summary of the rationale behind this split, accompanied by photographs of these petrels, is at Neotropical Birds. Revise the range of Trindade Petrel from “Breeds Trindade I. and Martín Vaz I. (s Atlantic Ocean)” to “breeds Trindade and Martim Vaz Islands (south Atlantic Ocean) and Round Island (off Mauritius, Indian Ocean). Pelagic range incompletely known, but occurs regularly north to the northwestern Atlantic Ocean (Gulf Stream off of eastern United States)”. Revise the range of Herald Petrel from “breeds in the tropical Pacific Ocean (Raine I., Tonga and French Polynesia to Easter I.). Pelagic range incompletely known, but occurs regularly to the central Pacific Ocean”. A

Reference:

Brown, R.M., W.C. Jordan, C.G. Faulkes, C.G. Jones, L. Bugoni, V. Tatayah, R.L. Palma, and R.A Nichols. 2011. Phylogenetic relationships in Pterodroma petrels are obscured by recent secondary contact and hybridization. PLoS ONE 6(5): e20350.

 

page 81, Clapper Rail  Rallus longirostris

Clapper Rail (Rallus longirostris) is split into three species, in accord with NACC (Chesser et al. 2014):

Ridgway’s Rail (Rallus obsoletus), including subspecies obsoletus, levipes, beldingi, and yumanensis;

Mangrove Rail (Rallus longirostris), including subspecies cypereti, phelpsi, margaritae, pelodramus, longirostris, and crassirostris; and

Clapper Rail (Rallus crepitans), including subspecies crepitans, waynei, saturatus, scottii, insularum, coryi, leucophaeus, caribaeus, pallidus, grossi, and belizensis.

This split is based primarily on Maley and Brumfield (2013). Another summary of the rationale behind this split, accompanied by photographs of these rails, is at Neotropical Birds.

References:

Chesser, R.T., R.C. Banks, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, A.G. Navarro-Sigüenza, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2014. Fifty-fifth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American Birds. Auk 131: in press.

Maley, J.M., and R.T. Brumfield. 2013. Mitochondrial and next-generation sequence data used to infer phylogenetic relationships and species limits in the Clapper/King rail complex. Condor 115: 316-329.

 

page 81, King Rail  Rallus elegans

In accord with NACC (Chesser et al. 2014), the subspecies tenuirostris is split from King Rail (Rallus elegans) as a separate species, Aztec Rail (Rallus tenuirostris); this split is based primarily on Maley and Brumfield (2013).

References:

Chesser, R.T., R.C. Banks, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, A.G. Navarro-Sigüenza, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2014. Fifty-fifth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American Birds. Auk 131: in press.

Maley, J.M., and R.T. Brumfield. 2013. Mitochondrial and next-generation sequence data used to infer phylogenetic relationships and species limits in the Clapper/King rail complex. Condor 115: 316-329.

 

page (addition 2014), Moorea Sandpiper  Prosobonia ellisi

Walters (1991) and Cibois et al. (2012) propose recognition of Prosobonia ellisi Sharpe 1906, with English name Moorea Sandpiper and range “extinct; formerly Moorea (Society Islands)”.

References:

Cibois, A., R.W.R.J. Dekker, E. Pasquet, and J.-C. Thibault.  2012. New insights into the systematics of the enigmatic Polynesian sandpipers Aechmorhynchus parvirostris and Prosobonia leucoptera. Ibis 154: 756-767.

Walters, M. 1991. Prosobonia ellisi, an extinct species of sandpiper from Moorea, Society Islands. Bollettino del Museo Regionale di Scienze Naturali Torino 9: 217-226.

 

page 163, African Scops-Owl  Otus senegalensis

Subspecies pamelae, previously classifed under African Scops-Owl (Otus senegalensis), is split and elevated to species rank as Arabian Scops-Owl (Otus pamelae), following Pons et al. (2013). Revise the range description from “S Saudi Arabia” to “southern Arabian Peninsula, from southwestern Saudi Arabia to Oman”.

The monotypic group African Scops-Owl (Socotra) (Otus senegalensis socotranus) is split and elevated to species rank as Socotra Scops-Owl (Otus socotranus), following Pons et al. (2013). There is no comprehensive phylogeny for Otus, but provisionally Socotra Scops-Owl is repositioned following Oriental Scops-Owl (Otus sunia).

Reference:

Pons, J.-M., G.M. Kirwan, R.F. Porter, and J. Fuchs. 2013. A reappraisal of the systematic affinities of Socotran, Arabian and East African scops owls (Otus, Strigidae) using a combination of molecular, biometric and acoustic data. Ibis 155: 518–533.

 

page (addition 2014), Omani Owl  Strix omanensis

Robb et al. (2013) describe a new species of owl, Omani Owl (Strix omanensis), from the Arabian Peninsula, with range “central Al Hajar mountains, northern Oman”. Position Omani Owl immediately following Hume’s Owl (Strix butleri).

Reference:

Robb, M.S., A.B. van den Berg, and M. Constantine. 2013. A new species of Strix owl from Oman. Dutch Birding 35: 275-310.

 

page 177, Javan Frogmouth  Batrachostomus javensis

Javan Frogmouth (Batrachostomus javensis) is split, following Cleere (2010). As a result, Javan Frogmouth (Batrachostomus javensis) becomes monotypic. Revise the range of Javan Frogmouth from “Lowlands of w and central Java” to “lowlands of western and central Java”.

The polytypic group Javan Frogmouth (Blyth’s) (Batrachostomus javensis affinis/continentalis) becomes recognized as a distinct species, Blyth’s Frogmouth (Batrachostomus affinis), which includes continentalis as a subspecies. Each of the two subspecies of Blyth’s Frogmouth is recognized as a new monotypic group, Blyth’s Frogmouth (Blyth’s) (Batrachostomus affinis affinis) and Blyth’s Frogmouth (Indochinese) (Batrachostomus affinis continentalis).

Reference:

Cleere, N. 2010. Nightjars: potoos, frogmouths, Oilbird and owlet-nightjars of the world. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page (addition 2014), Palawan Frogmouth  Batrachostomus chaseni

Insert a newly added species, Palawan Frogmouth (Batrachostomus chaseni), immediately following Blyth’s Frogmouth (Batrachostomus affinis). The range of Palawan Frogmouth is “southwestern Philippines (Palawan and Calamian Islands)”. Although described in 1937, chaseni was not included in earlier editions of the eBird/Clements Checklist, perhaps because some authors (e.g., Marshall 1978) considered chaseni to be a synonym of Blyth’s Frogmouth (Blyth’s) (Batrachostomus affinis affinis). We follow Cleere (2010) in treating chaseni not only as distinct from affinis, but also to represent a distinct species.

References:

Cleere, N. 2010. Nightjars: potoos, frogmouths, Oilbird and owlet-nightjars of the world. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Marshall, J.T. 1978. Systematics of smaller Asian night birds based on voice. Ornithological Monographs number 25. American Ornithologists’ Union.

 

page 179, White-throated Nightjar  Eurostopodus mystacalis

We follow Cleere (2010) and Dutson (2011) in elevating each of the three subspecies of White-throated Nightjar to species rank, as Solomons Nightjar (Eurostopodus nigripennis), New Caledonian Nightjar (Eurostopodus exul), and White-throated Nighjar (Eurostopodus mystacalis). Revise the range of New Caledonian Nightjar from “New Caledonia” to “New Caledonia; known only from a single specimen from 1939” (and possibly extinct).

References:

Cleere, N. 2010. Nightjars: potoos, frogmouths, Oilbird and owlet-nightjars of the world. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Dutson, G. 2011. Birds of Melanesia. The Bismarks, Solomons, Vanuatu and New Caledonia. Christopher Helm, London.

 

page 181, Gray Nightjar  Caprimulgus indicus

Gray Nightjar (Caprimulgus indicus) is split into three species. The polytypic group Gray Nightjar (Jungle) Caprimulgus indicus indicus/kelaarti is elevated to species rank as Jungle Nightjar (Caprimulgus indicus), following Rasmussen and Anderton (2005) and Cleere (2010).

The polytypic group Gray Nightjar (Gray) Caprimulgus indicus jotaka/hazarae is elevated to species rank as Gray Nightjar (Caprimulgus jotaka), following Rasmussen and Anderton (2005) and Cleere (2010).

Subspecies phalaena, formerly classified as a subspecies of Gray Nightjar (Caprimulgus indicus), is elevated to species rank as Palau Nightjar (Caprimulgus phalaena), following Cleere (2010).

References:

Cleere, N. 2010. Nightjars: potoos, frogmouths, Oilbird and owlet-nightjars of the world. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Rasmussen, P.C., and J.C. Anderton. 2005. Birds of South Asia. The Ripley guide. Volume 2: attributes and status. Smithsonian Institution and Lynx Edicions, Washington D.C. and Barcelona.

 

page 208, Bearded Helmetcrest  Oxypogon guerinii

Each of the four subspecies of Bearded Helmetcrest (Oxypogon guerinii) is elevated to species rank, in accord with SACC Proposal 609; this revision is based on Collar and Salaman (2013). Another summary of the rationale behind this split, accompanied by illustrations of all four species, is at Neotropical Birds. Subspecies stubelii becomes Buffy Helmetcrest (Oxypogon stubelii). Note the correction of the spelling of this scientific name, from stuebelii to stubelii. Revise the range description from “W Andes of Colombia (Volcán de Ruiz)” to “Central Andes of Colombia (Quindío and Tolima)”.

Subspecies cyanolaemus becomes Blue-bearded Helmetcrest (Oxypogon cyanolaemus). Blue-bearded Helmetcrest now is species of conservation concern, as it has not been reported since 1946.

Subspecies lindenii becomes White-bearded Helmetcrest (Oxypogon lindenii).

Finally, the English name for the nominate subspecies guerinii becomes Green-bearded Helmetcrest (Oxypogon guerinii).

Reference:

Collar, N.J., and P. Salaman. 2013. The taxonomic and conservation status of the Oxypogon helmetcrests.  Conservación Colombiana 19: 31-38

 

page 238, Brown Barbet  Calorhamphus fuliginosus

Brown Barbet (Calorhamphus fuliginosus) is split into two species, based on Den Tex and Leonard (2013): Sooty Barbet (Calorhamphus hayii), including subspecies detersus and hayii; and Brown Barbet (Calorhamphus fuliginosus), including subspecies tertius and fuliginosus.

Reference:

Den Tex, R.-J., and J.A. Leonard. 2013. A molecular phylogeny of Asian barbets: speciation and extinction in the tropics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68: 1-13.

 

page 239, Blue-eared Barbet  Megalaima australis

The genus Psilopogon is embedded within the genus Megalaima (Moyle 2004, Den Tex and Leonard 2013); as Psilopogon is the older name, all species of Megalaima are transferred to Psilopogon. Blue-eared Barbet is split into two species: Blue-eared Barbet (Psilopogon duvaucelii), which includes subspecies cyanotis, orientalis, duvaucelii, gigantorhinus, and tanamassae; and Little Barbet (Psilopogon australis), which is monotypic.

References:

Den Tex, R.-J., and J.A. Leonard. 2013. A molecular phylogeny of Asian barbets: speciation and extinction in the tropics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68: 1-13.

Moyle, R.G. 2004. Phylogenetics of barbets (Aves: Piciformes) based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30: 187-200.

 

page 238, Gold-whiskered Barbet  Megalaima chrysopogon

The genus Psilopogon is embedded within the genus Megalaima (Moyle 2004, Den Tex and Leonard 2013); as Psilopogon is the older name, all species of Megalaima are transferred to Psilopogon. Subspecies Psilopogon chrysopogon chrysopsis of Gold-whiskered Barbet is elevated to species rank as Gold-faced Barbet (Psilopogon chrysopsis), following Den Tex and Leonard (2013).

References:

Den Tex, R.-J., and J.A. Leonard. 2013. A molecular phylogeny of Asian barbets: speciation and extinction in the tropics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68: 1-13.

Moyle, R.G. 2004. Phylogenetics of barbets (Aves: Piciformes) based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30: 187-200.

 

page 239, Blue-throated Barbet  Megalaima asiatica

The genus Psilopogon is embedded within the genus Megalaima (Moyle 2004, Den Tex and Leonard 2013); as Psilopogon is the older name, all species of Megalaima are transferred to Psilopogon. Subspecies Psilopogon asiaticus chersonesus of Blue-throated Barbet is elevated to species rank as Turquoise-throated Barbet (Psilopogon chersonesus), following Den Tex and Leonard (2013).

References:

Den Tex, R.-J., and J.A. Leonard. 2013. A molecular phylogeny of Asian barbets: speciation and extinction in the tropics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68: 1-13.

Moyle, R.G. 2004. Phylogenetics of barbets (Aves: Piciformes) based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30: 187-200.

 

page 267, Red-bellied Pitta  Pitta erythrogaster

Pittas are divided among three genera, and the Red-bellied Pitta complex is transferred to the genus Erythropitta, following Irestedt et al. (2006). The widespread polytypic Red-bellied Pitta is split into 16 species, following Irestedt et al. (2013). Pitta erythrogaster now is restricted to two subspecies, erythrogaster and propinqua. Change the English name of Pitta erythrogaster to Blue-breasted Pitta. The species within the Red-bellied Pitta complex are arranged geographically (from northwest to southeast) for the sake of convenience, although the phylogeographic history of these taxa is more complicated (Irestedt et al. 2013):

Blue-breasted Pitta (Erythropitta erythrogaster), including subspecies erythrogaster and propinqua

Sulu Pitta (Erythropitta yairocho), which is a newly recognized taxon with range “Sulu Islands, Philippines.” This pitta was described as Pitta erythrogastra yairocho Hachisuka 1935, but previously had been regarded as a synonym of Erythropitta erythrogaster erythrogaster. (The documentation for the addition of Sulu Pitta posted on 16 December 2014)

Talaud Pitta (Erythropitta inspeculata)

Sangihe Pitta (Erythropitta caeruleitorques)

Siao Pitta (Erythropitta palliceps)

Sulawesi Pitta (Erythropitta celebensis)

Sula Pitta (Erythropitta dohertyi)

Moluccan Pitta (Erythropitta rufiventris), including subspecies rufiventris, cyanonota, and bernsteini

Buru Pitta (Erythropitta rubrinucha)

Seram Pitta (Erythropitta piroensis)

Papuan Pitta (Erythropitta macklotii), including subspecies macklotii, loriae, and digglesi. Subspecies aruensis is merged into nominate macklotii. Revise the range description of macklotii from “W and s New Guinea, w Papuan Is., n and e Cape York Peninsula” to “Aru Islands, Raja Ampat Islands, and western and southern New Guinea”. Subspecies oblita is merged into subspecies loriae. Revise the range description of loriae from “Extreme se New Guinea (e from Kumusi River and Cloudy Bay)” to “southeastern New Guinea”. Add subspecies digglesi Kreft 1869, previously considered to be a synonym of nominate macklotii, but genetically distinct (Irestedt et al. 2013), with range “breeds northeastern Cape York Peninsula, Australia; winters in New Guinea”.

Habenicht’s Pitta (Erythropitta habenichti)

New Ireland Pitta (Erythropitta extima), including subspecies extima and novaehibernicae. Astute readers will note that we erred in using the species name extima, as novaehibernicae is the older name; we will correct this mistake in the 2015 Updates and Corrections.

Tabar Pitta (Erythropitta splendida)

New Britain Pitta (Erythropitta gazellae)

D’Entrecasteaux Pitta (Erythropitta finschii)

Louisiade Pitta (Erythropitta meeki):

References:

Irestedt, M., P.-H. Fabre, H. Batalha-Filho, K.A. Jønsson, C.S. Roselaar, G. Sangster, and P.G.P. Ericson. 2013. The spatio-temporal colonization and diversification across the Indo-Pacific by a ‘great speciator’ (Aves, Erythropitta erythrogaster). Proceedings of the Royal Society B 280: 20130309.

Irestedt, M., J.I. Ohlson, D. Zuccon, M. Källersjö, and P.G.P. Ericson. 2006. Nuclear DNA from old collections of avian study skins reveals the evolutionary history of the Old World suboscines (Aves, Passeriformes). Zoologica Scripta 35: 567-580.

 

page 302, Bicolored Antbird  Gymnopithys leucaspis

Bicolored Antbird (Gymnopithys leucaspis) is split, in accord with SACC Proposal 587 and NACC (Chesser et al. 2014); this split is based primarily on Hackett (1993) and Brumfield et al. (2007). Another summary of the rationale behind this split, accompanied by photos of these antbirds, is at Neotropical Birds. The two resulting species are Bicolored Antbird (Gymnopithys bicolor), including subspecies olivascens, bicolor, daguae, aequatorialis, and ruficeps; and White-cheeked Antbird (Gymnopithys leucaspis), including subspecies leucaspis, castaneus, lateralis, and peruanus.

References:

Brumfield, R.T., J.G. Tello, Z. Cheviron, M.D. Carling, N. Crochet, and K. V. Rosenberg. 2007. Phylogenetic conservatism and antiquity of a tropical specialization: army-ant-following in the typical antbirds (Thamnophilidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 45: 1-13.

Chesser, R.T., R.C. Banks, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, A.G. Navarro-Sigüenza, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2014. Fifty-fifth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American Birds. Auk 131: in press.

Hackett, S.J. 1993. Phylogenetic and biogeographic relationships in the Neotropical genus Gymnopithys (Formicariidae). Wilson Bulletin 105: 301-315.

 

page 304, Spotted Antpitta  Hylopezus macularius

Spotted Antpitta (Hylopezus macularius) is split into two species, following SACC Proposal 622; this revision is based on Carneiro et al. (2012). Another summary of the rationale behind this split, accompanied by photos of these antpittas, is at Neotropical Birds. The two species are Spotted Antpitta (Hylopezus macularius), which includes subspecies macularius and dilutus; and Snethlage’s Antpitta (Hylopezus paraensis), which is monotypic.

Reference:

Carneiro, L.S., L.P. Gonzaga, P.S. Rêgo, I. Sampaio, H. Schneider, and A. Aleixo. 2012. Systematic revision of the Spotted Antpitta (Grallariidae: Hylopezus macularius), with description of a cryptic new species from Brazilian Amazonia. Auk 129: 338-351.

 

page (addition 2014), Cryptic Treehunter  Cichlocolaptes mazarbarnetti

This distinctive taxon recently was described as a species, Cryptic Treehunter (Cichlocolaptes mazarbarnetti), with range “northeastern Brazil; currently known from only two sites, in Alagoas and Pernambuco” (Mazar Barnett and Buzzetti 2014). We provisionally recognize this species, but final ratification awaits the review of this description by SACC.

Reference:

Mazar Barnett, J., and D.R.C. Buzzetti. 2014. A new species of Cichlocolaptes Reichenbach 1853 (Furnariidae), the ‘gritador-do-nordeste‘, an undescribed trace of the fading bird life of northeastern Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 22: 75-94.

 

page 337, White-winged Black-Tyrant  Knipolegus aterrimus

Caatinga Black-Tyrant (Knipolegus franciscanus) is a newly recognized species, following SACC Proposal 574 and based on Hosner and Moyle (2012). Another summary of the rationale behind this split, accompanied by photos of these flycatchers, is at Neotropical Birds. Previously franciscanus was classified as a subspecies of White-winged Black-Tyrant (Knipolegus aterrimus), but also had been recognized in the eBird/Clements Checklist as a monotypic group, White-winged Black-Tyrant (Caatinga) (Knipolegus aterrimus franciscanus).

Reference:

Hosner, P.A., and R.G. Moyle. 2012. A molecular phylogeny of black-tyrants (Tyrannidae: Knipolegus) reveals strong geographic patterns and homoplasy in plumage and display behavior. Auk 129: 156-167.

 

page 336, Andean Tyrant  Knipolegus signatus

Previously we recognized a polytpic Andean Tyrant Knipolegus signatus, with two distinctive monotypic groups, Andean Tyrant (Black) Knipolegus signatus signatus and Andean Tyrant (Plumbeous) Knipolegus signatus cabanisi. These groups now are recognized as distinct species, in accord with SACC Proposal 573 (which is based on Hosner and Moyle 2012); another summary of the rationale behind this split, accompanied by illustrations of these flycatchers, is at Neotropical Birds. These two species are Jelski’s Black-Tyrant (Knipolegus signatus) and Plumbeous Black-Tyrant (Knipolegus cabanisi). Revise the range description for Jelski’s Black-Tyrant from “E slope of Andes of Peru (Cajamarca to Junín)” to “east slope of Andes from southeastern Ecuador (Zamora-Chinchipe) south to central Peru (to Junín)”.

Reference:

Hosner, P.A., and R.G. Moyle. 2012. A molecular phylogeny of black-tyrants (Tyrannidae: Knipolegus) reveals strong geographic patterns and homoplasy in plumage and display behavior. Auk 129: 156-167

 

page 343, Sirystes  Sirystes sibilator

Sirystes (Sirystes sibilator) is split into four species, in accord with SACC Proposal 610; this revision is based on Donegan (2013). Another summary of the rationale behind this split is at Neotropical Birds:

Subspecies albogriseus is elevated to species rank as Choco Sirystes (Sirystes albogriseus).

Subspecies albocinereus is elevated to species rank as White-rumped Sirystes (Sirystes albocinereus).

Subspecies subcanescens is elevated to species rank as Todd’s Sirystes (Sirystes subcanescens).

The nominate subspecies sibilator, together with subspecies atimastus, become Sibilant Sirystes (Sirystes sibilator).

Reference:

Donegan, T.M. 2013. Vocal variation and species limits in the genus Sirystes (Tyrannidae). Ornitología Colombiana 19: 11-30.

 

Page 560, Graceful Honeyeater  Meliphaga gracilis

Subspecies stevensi and cinereifrons of Graceful Honeyeater (Meliphaga gracilis) are separated and recognized as a distinct species, Elegant Honeyeater (Meliphaga cinereifrons), following Norman et al. (2007) and Nyári and Joseph (2011).

References:

Norman, J.A., F.E. Rheindt, D.L. Rowe, and L. Christidis. 2007. Speciation dynamics in the Australo-Papuan Meliphaga honeyeaters. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 42: 80-91.

Nyári, Á.S., and L. Joseph. 2011. Systematic dismantlement of Lichenostomus improves the basis for understanding relationships within the honeyeaters (Meliphagidae) and the historical development of Australo-Papuan bird communities. Emu 111: 202-211.

 

page 567, New Zealand Bellbird  Anthornis melanura

The extinct bellbird of Chatham Island, formerly treated as a subspecies of New Zealand Bellbird (Anthornis melanura), is separated as a distinct species, Chatham Island Bellbird (Anthornis melanocephala), following Gill et al. (2010).

Reference:

Gill, B.J., B.D. Bell, C.K. Chambers, D.G. Medway, R.L. Palma, R.P. Scofield, A.J.D. Tennyson, and T.H. Worthy (Checklist Committee, Ornithological Society of New Zealand). 2010. Checklist of the birds of New Zealand. Te Papa Press and the Ornithological Society of New Zealand, Wellington, New Zealand.

 

page 560, Wattled Honeyeater  Foulehaio carunculatus

Wattled Honeyeater (Foulehaio carunculatus) is split into three monotypic species, following Andersen et al. (2014b): Eastern Wattled-Honeyeater (Foulehaio carunculatus); Northern Wattled-Honeyeater (Foulehaio taviuensis); and Western Wattled-Honeyeater (Foulehaio procerior).

Reference:

Andersen, M.J., A. Naikatini, and R.G. Moyle. 2014b. A molecular phylogeny of Pacific honeyeaters (Aves: Meliphagidae) reveals extenive paraphyly and an isolated Polynesian radiation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution in press.

 

page 565 Giant Honeyeater  Gymnomyza viridis

Giant Honeyeater (Gymnomyza viridis) is split into two species, following Andersen et al. (2014b): Chattering Giant-Honeyeater (Gymnomyza viridis) and Duetting Giant-Honeyeater (Gymnomyza brunneirostris).

Reference:

Andersen, M.J., A. Naikatini, and R.G. Moyle. 2014b. A molecular phylogeny of Pacific honeyeaters (Aves: Meliphagidae) reveals extenive paraphyly and an isolated Polynesian radiation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution in press.

 

page 574, Tropical Boubou  Laniarius aethiopicus

Tropical Boubou (Laniarius aethiopicus) is split into two species, a monotypic Ethiopian Boubou (Laniarius aethiopicus), and a polytypic Tropical Boubou (Laniarius major), which includes all other subspecies previously included in Laniarius aethiopicus (Nguembock et al. 2008). Revise the range description from “Extreme e Sudan to Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia and n Kenya” to “extreme eastern Sudan to Eritrea, Ethiopia, northwestern Somalia, and extreme northern Kenya”.

Reference:

Nguembock B., J. Fjeldså, A. Couloux, and E. Pasquet. 2008. Phylogeny of Laniarius: molecular data reveal L. liberatus synonymous with L. erlangeri and “plumage coloration” as unreliable morphological characters for defining species and species groups. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 48: 396-407.

 

page 485, New Caledonian Whistler  Pachycephala caledonica

Andersen et al. (2014a) found that the nominate subspecies of New Caledonian Whistler, Pachycephala caledonica caledonica, is the sister species to Hooded Whistler (Pachycephala implicata), whereas subspecies Pachycephala caledonica intacta is related to a different group of species of whistlers. These results are a strong indication that caledonica and intacta each are different species, but unfortunately do not indicate how to classify other subspecies that have been included in New Caledonian Whistler. Tentatively we split New Caledonian Whistler, and recognize each of our two groups as separate species: New Caledonian Whistler (Pachycephala caledonica), including subspecies caledonica and littayei; and Vanuatu Whistler (Pachycephala chlorura), including subspecies cucullata, chlorura, intacta, and vankorensis. We would not be surprised, of course, if future research shows that either or both of these species will need to be split (again) as well.

Reference:

Andersen, M.J., Á.S. Nyári, I. Mason, L. Joseph, J.P. Dumbacher, C.E. Filardi, and R.G. Moyle. 2014a. Molecular systematics of the world’s most polytypic bird: the Pachycephala pectoralis/melanura (Aves: Pachycephalidae) species complex. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 170: 566–588.

 

page 486, Hooded Whistler  Pachycephala implicata

The two subspecies of Hooded Whistler (Pachycephala implicata) each are elevated to species rank, as Guadalcanal Hooded Whistler (Pachycephala implicata) and Bougainville Hooded Whistler (Pachycephala richardsi), following Dutson (2011) and Andersen et al. (2014a).

References:

Andersen, M.J., Á.S. Nyári, I. Mason, L. Joseph, J.P. Dumbacher, C.E. Filardi, and R.G. Moyle. 2014a. Molecular systematics of the world’s most polytypic bird: the Pachycephala pectoralis/melanura (Aves: Pachycephalidae) species complex. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 170: 566–588.

Dutson, G. 2011. Birds of Melanesia. The Bismarks, Solomons, Vanuatu and New Caledonia. Christopher Helm, London.

 

page 485, Bismarck Whistler  Pachycephala citreogaster

The subspecies of Bismarck Whistler (Pachycephala citreogaster) from the Louisiade Archipelago (collaris, misimae, and rosseliana) are split as a separate species, Louisiade Whistler (Pachycephala collaris), following Andersen et al. (2014a).

Reference:

Andersen, , M.J., Á.S. Nyári, I. Mason, L. Joseph, J.P. Dumbacher, C.E. Filardi, and R.G. Moyle. 2014a. Molecular systematics of the world’s most polytypic bird: the Pachycephala pectoralis/melanura (Aves: Pachycephalidae) species complex. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 170: 566–588.

 

page 485, White-throated Whistler  Pachycephala vitiensis

Two subspecies, ornata and utupuae, are removed from White-throated Whistler (Pachycephala vitiensis) (which now is classified as Fiji Whistler (White-throated) Pachycephala vitiensis [vitiensis Group], and are elevated to species rank as Temotu Whistler (Pachycephala utupuae), following Andersen et al. (2014a). Position Temotu Whistler immediately following Louisiade Whistler (Pachycephala collaris).

Reference:

Andersen, M.J., Á.S. Nyári, I. Mason, L. Joseph, J.P. Dumbacher, C.E. Filardi, and R.G.

Moyle. 2014a. Molecular systematics of the world’s most polytypic bird: the Pachycephala pectoralis/melanura (Aves: Pachycephalidae) species complex. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 170: 566–588.

 

page 474, Tahiti Monarch  Pomarea nigra

Tahiti Monarch (Pomarea nigra) is split into two species, following Cibois et al. (2004): Tahiti Monarch (Pomarea nigra) and Maupiti Monarch (Pomarea pomarea).

Reference:

Cibois, A., J.-C. Thibault, and E. Pasquet. 2004. Biogeography of eastern Polynesian monarchs (Pomarea): an endemic genus close to extinction. Condor 106: 837-851.

 

Page 474, Iphis Monarch  Pomarea iphis

Iphis Monarch (Pomarea iphis) is split into two species, following Cibois et al. (2004): Iphis Monarch (Pomarea iphis) and Eiao Monarch (Pomarea fluxa).

Reference:

Cibois, A., J.-C. Thibault, and E. Pasquet. 2004. Biogeography of eastern Polynesian monarchs (Pomarea): an endemic genus close to extinction. Condor 106: 837-851.

 

page (addition 2014), Marquesas Monarch  Pomarea mendozae

Several subspecies of Marquesas Monarch (Pomarea mendozae) were recognized by Watson et al. (1986), but were not included in previous versions of the eBird/Clements Checklist. Following Cibois et al. (2004), we reinstate these taxa. One such taxon is nukuhivae, which now is recognized as a separate species, Nuku Hiva Monarch (Pomarea nukuhivae), with range “formerly Marquesas Islands (Nuku Hiva); extinct, last reported in the 1930s”. Insert Nuku Hiva Monarch (Pomarea nukuhivae) immediately following Eiao Monarch (Pomarea fluxa).

The second such overlooked taxon is mira, which now is recognized as a separate species, Ua Pou Monarch (Pomarea mira), with range “Marquesas Islands (Ua Pou); critically endangered, if not extinct”. Insert Ua Pou Monarch (Pomarea mira) immediately following Iphis Monarch (Pomarea iphis).

References:

Cibois, A., J.-C. Thibault, and E. Pasquet. 2004. Biogeography of eastern Polynesian monarchs (Pomarea): an endemic genus close to extinction. Condor 106: 837-851.

Watson, G.E., M.A. Traylor, Jr., and E. Mayr. 1986. Family Monarchidae, monarch flycatchers. Pages 464-556 in E. Mayr and G.W. Cottrell (editors), Check-list of birds of the world. Volume XI. Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

 

page 524, Willow Tit  Poecile montanus

Taxon weigoldicus, previously classified as a subspecies of Songar Tit (Poecile songanus), is elevated to species rank as Sichuan Tit (Poecile weigoldicus), following Salzburger et al. (2002) and Eck and Martens (2006). Note that Songar Tit now is lumped with Willow Tit (see below).

References:

Eck, S., and J. Martens. 2006. Systematic notes on Asian birds. 49. A preliminary review of the Aegithalidae, Remizidae and Paridae. Zoologische Mededelingen 80: 1-63.

Salzburger, W., J. Martens, A.A. Nazarenko, Y-H. Sun, R. Dallinger, and C. Sturmbauer. 2002. Phylogeography of the Eurasian Willow Tit (Parus montanus) based on DNA sequences of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 24: 26-34.

 

page 383, Northern Golden-Bulbul  Alophoixus longirostris

Northern Golden-Bulbul (Alophoixus longirostris) is split into five species, following Collar et al. (2013): Sangihe Golden-Bulbul (Alophoixus platenae); Togian Golden-Bulbul (Alophoixus aureus); Sula Golden-Bulbul (Alophoixus longirostris), which contains two subspecies, harterti and longirostris; Halmahera Golden-Bulbul (Alophoixus chloris); and Obi Golden-Bulbul (Alophoixus lucasi). Relationships within the golden-bulbuls are not resolved; provisionally we sequence the species in geographical order.

Reference:

Collar, N.J., J.A. Eaton, and R.O. Hutchinson. 2013. Species limits in the Golden Bulbul Alophoixus (Thapsinillas) affinis complex. Forktail 29: 19-24.

 

page (addition 2014), Scaly-breasted Cupwing  Pnoepyga albiventer

The populations of cupwing in southern China, previously included in the nominate subspecies of Scaly-breasted Cupwing (Pnoepyga albiventer albiventer), are distinct (Päckert et al 2013). The name mutica Thayer and Bangs 1912 is resurrected for these birds, which now are recognized as a separate species, Chinese Cupwing (Pnoepyga mutica), with range “south central China”.

Reference:

Päckert, M., J. Martens, W. Liang, Y.-C. Hsu, and Y.-H. Sun. 2013. Molecular genetic and bioacoustic differentiation of Pnoepyga wren-babblers. Journal of Ornithology 154: 329-337.

 

page 438, Arctic Warbler  Phylloscopus borealis

In accord with the BOURC (Sangster et al. 2012) and with NACC (Chesser et al. 2014), Phyllscopus examinandus (Kamchatka Leaf Warbler) and Phylloscopus xanthodryas (Japanese Leaf Warbler) are split from Phylloscopus borealis (Arctic Warbler). Kamchatka Leaf Warbler and Japanese Leaf Warbler are monotypic; Arctic Warbler includes the subspecies borealis, transbaicalicus, hylebata, and kennicotti.  This split is based on divergence in songs and calls, morphometrics, and in mitochondrial DNA (Saitoh et al. 2008, Martens 2010, Alström et al. 2011c). Correct a typographic error in the range description for Japanese Leaf Warbler: Correct a typographic error in the range description: change “winters” to “winter”.

References:

Alström, P., T. Saitoh, D. Williams, I. Nishiumi, Y. Shigeta, K. Ueda, M. Irestedt, M. Björklund, and U. Olsson. 2011c. The Arctic Warbler Phylloscopus borealis – three anciently separated cryptic species revealed. Ibis 153: 395-410.

Chesser, R.T., R.C. Banks, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, A.G. Navarro-Sigüenza, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2014. Fifty-fifth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American Birds. Auk 131: in press.

Martens, J. 2010. Systematic notes on Asian birds: 72. A preliminary review of the leaf warbler genera Phylloscopus and Seicercus. British Ornithologists’ Club Occasional Publications number 5: 41-116.

Saitoh, T., P. Alström, I. Nishiumi, Y. Shigeta, D. Williams, U. Olsson, and K. Ueda. 2010. Old divergences in a boreal bird supports long-term survival through the Ice Ages. BMC Evolutionary Biology 10: 35.

Sangster, G., J.M. Collinson, P.-A. Crochet, A.G. Knox, D.T. Parkin, and S.C. Votier. 2012. Taxonomic recommendations for British birds: eighth report. Ibis 154: 874-883.

 

page 438, Greenish Warbler  Phylloscopus trochiloides

The monotypic group Greenish Warbler (Two-barred) Phylloscopus trochiloides plumbeitarsus is elevated to species rank as Two-barred Warbler Phylloscopus plumbeitarsus, following Alcaide et al. (2014).

Reference:

Alcaide, M., E.S.C. Scordato, T.D. Price, and D.E. Irwin. 2014. Genomic divergence in a ring species complex. Nature 511: 83-85.

 

page 431, Tahiti Reed-Warbler  Acrocephalus caffer

Each of the two subspecies of Tahiti Reed-Warbler (Acrocephalus caffer) is recognized as a separate species, following Cibois et al. (2008): Tahiti Reed-Warbler (Acrocephalus caffer) and Moorea Reed-Warbler (Acrocephalus longirostris). Revise the range of Moorea Reed-Warbler from “Moorea (Society Islands)” to “formerly Moorea (Society Islands); extinct, last reported in 1981”.

Reference:

Cibois, A., J.-C. Thibault, and E. Pasquet. 2008. Systematics of the extinct reed warblers Acrocephalus of the Society Islands of eastern Polynesia. Ibis 150: 365-376.

 

page (addition 2014), Sierra Madre Ground-Warbler  Robsonius thompsoni

Add a newly described species, Sierra Madre Ground-Warbler (Robsonius thompsoni) Hosner et al. 2013c, immediately following Cordillera Ground-Warbler (Robsonius rabori). The range of Sierra Madre Ground-Warbler is “northeastern Luzon (Philippines)”.

Reference:

Hoster, P.A., N.C. Boggess, P. Alviola, L.A. Sánchez-gonzález, C.H. Oliveros, R. Urriza, and R.G. Moyle. 2013c. Phylogeography of the Robsonius ground-warblers (Passeriformes: Locustellidae) reveals an undescribed species from northeastern Luzon, Philippines. Condor 115: 630-639.

 

page 423, Buff-throated Apalis  Apalis rufogularis

A subspecies of Buff-throated Apalis, Apalis rufogularis argenteus, is elevated to species rank as Kungwe Apalis (Apalis argentea), following Hall and Moreau (1970). Note the correction of argenteus to argentea.

Reference:

Hall, B.P., and R.E. Moreau. 1970. An atlas of speciation in African passerine birds. British Museum (Natural History), London.

 

page 419, White-browed Chinese Warbler  Rhopophilus pekinensis

White-browed Chinese Warbler (Rhopophilus pekinensis) is split into two species, following Leader et al. (2013): Tarim Babbler (Rhopophilus albosuperciliaris) and Beijing Babbler (Rhopophilus pekinensis). Subspecies leptorhynchus is lumped with nominate pekinensis, so both species are monotypic. Revise the range of Beijing Babbler from “S Manchuria to Korea and ne China” to “central and northeastern China, and northern Korean Peninsula”.

Reference:

Leader, P.J., G.J. Carey, and P.I. Holt. 2013. Species limits within Rhopophilus pekinensis. Forktail 29: 31-36.

 

page (addition 2014), Mayotte White-eye  Zosterops mayottensis

Subspecies semiflavus was recognized by Moreau (1967) as a subspecies of Mayotte White-eye (Zosterops mayottensis), but was not included in earlier editions of the eBird/Clements Checklist. We recognize this taxon as a species, Marianne White-eye (Zosterops semiflavus), following Warren et al. (2006), with range “formerly Marianne Island (Seychelles); extinct ca 1900”.

References:

Moreau, R.E. 1967. Family Zosteropidae, white-eyes. African and Indian Ocean taxa. Pages 326-337 in R.A. Paynter, Jr. (editor), Check-list of birds of the world. Volume XII.  Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Warren, B.H., E. Bermingham, R.P. Prys-Jones, and C. Thébaud. 2006. Immigration, species radiation and extinction in a highly diverse songbird lineage: white-eyes on Indian Ocean islands. Molecular Ecology 15: 3769-3786.

 

page 550, Mascarene White-eye  Zosterops borbonicus

Mascarene White-eye (Zosterops borbonicus) is split into two species, following Warren et al. (2006), Milá et al. 2010), and Safford and Hawkins (2013): Reunion Gray White-eye (Zosterops borbonicus) and Mauritius Gray White-eye (Zosterops mauritianus).

References:

Milá, B., B.H. Warren, P. Heeb, and C. Thébaud. 2010. The geographic scale of diversification on islands: genetic and morphological divergence at a very small spatial scale in the Mascarene grey white-eye (Aves: Zosterops borbonicus). BMC Evolutionary Biology 10: 158.

Safford, R., and F. Hawkins (editors). 2013. The birds of Africa. Volume VIII. The Malagasy region. Christopher Helm, London.

Warren, B.H., E. Bermingham, R.P. Prys-Jones, and C. Thébaud. 2006. Immigration, species radiation and extinction in a highly diverse songbird lineage: white-eyes on Indian Ocean islands. Molecular Ecology 15: 3769-3786.

 

page 550, Cape White-eye  Zosterops pallidus

The polytypic group Cape White-eye (Orange River) Zosterops pallidus pallidus/sundevalli is elevated to species rank as Orange River White-eye (Zosterops pallidus), following Oatley et al. (2012). Consequently the scientific name for Cape White-eye changes from Zosterops pallidus to Zosterops capensis.

Reference:

Oatley, G., G. Voelker, T.C. Crowe, and R.C.K. Bowie. 2012. A multi-locus phylogeny reveals a complex pattern of diversification related to climate and habitat heterogeneity in southern African white-eyes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 64: 633–644.

 

page 550, Madagascar White-eye  Zosterops maderaspatanus

Subspecies comorensis, previously classified as a subspecies of Madagascar White-eye (Zosterops maderaspatanus), is as genetically distinct as is mayottensis, which usually is recognized as a separate species (Mayotte White-eye Zosterops mayottensis) (Warren et al. 2006). Therefore we elevate comorensis to species rank as Moheli White-eye (Zosterops comorensis).

Subspecies aldabrensis, previously classified as a subspecies of Madagascar White-eye (Zosterops maderaspatanus), is as genetically distinct as is mayottensis, which usually is recognized as a species (Mayotte White-eye Zosterops mayottensis) (Warren et al. 2006). Therefore we elevate albabrensis to species rank as Aldabra White-eye (Zosterops aldabrensis).

Subspecies anjouanensis, previously classified as a subspecies of Madagascar White-eye (Zosterops maderaspatanus), is as genetically distinct as is mayottensis, which usually is recognized as a species (Mayotte White-eye Zosterops mayottensis) (Warren et al. 2006). Therefore we elevate anjouanensis to species rank as Anjouan White-eye (Zosterops anjouanensis).

Subspecies kirki, previously classified as a subspecies of Madagascar White-eye (Zosterops maderaspatanus), is as genetically distinct as is mayottensis, which usually is recognized as a species (Mayotte White-eye Zosterops mayottensis) (Warren et al. 2006). Therefore we elevate kirki to species rank as Kirk’s White-eye (Zosterops kirki).

Reference:

Warren, B.H., E. Bermingham, R.P. Prys-Jones, and C. Thébaud. 2006. Immigration, species radiation and extinction in a highly diverse songbird lineage: white-eyes on Indian Ocean islands. Molecular Ecology 15: 3769-3786.

 

page 452, Blue-and-white Flycatcher  Cyanoptila cyanomelana

Blue-and-white Flycatcher (Cyanoptila cyanomelana) is split into two species, following Leader and Carey (2012): Blue-and-white Flycatcher (Cyanoptila cyanomelana), which includes cyanomelana and a newly added subspecies, intermedia; and Zappey’s Flycatcher (Cyanoptila cumatilis). Subspecies intermedia, previously considered to be a synonym of nominate cyanomelana, has range “breeds in northeastern China (Heilongjiang south to eastern Hebei), southeastern Russia (Amurskaya Oblast and Primorskiy Kray), and the Korean peninsula; the species winters south to Myanmar, Thailand, and the Greater Sundas”.

Revise the range of Zappey’s Flycatcher from “NE Asia; > to Philippines, Indochina and Greater Sundas” to “breeds central China (Shaanxi east to Beijing, and south to northwest Hubei); wintering range very poorly known, but recorded south to Malaysia”.

Reference:

Leader, P.J., and G.J. Carey. 2012. Zappey’s Flycatcher Cyanoptila cumatilis, a forgotten Chinese breeding endemic. Forktail 28: 121-128.

 

page 450, Narcissus Flycatcher  Ficedula narcissina

The monotypic group Narcissus Flycatcher (Green-backed) Ficedula narcissina elisae is elevated to species rank as Green-backed Flycatcher (Ficedula elisae), following Zhang et al. (2006). Revise the range description of Green-backed Flycatcher from “Mts. of ne China (n Liaoning); > to s China and Hainan” to “breeds in northeastern China (Shanxi and Hebei); migrates to southern China, Hainan, and southeast Asia (Thailand, Malaya, and Vietnam)”.

Reference:

Zhang, Y.Y., N. Wang, J. Zhang, and G.-M. Zheng. 2006. Acoustic difference of narcissus flycatcher complex. Acta Zoologica Sinica 52: 648-654.

 

page 463, Mourning Wheatear  Oenanthe lugens

Mourning Wheatear (Oenanthe lugens) is split into three species, following Schweizer and Shirihai (2013): Mourning Wheater (Oenanthe lugens), which includes subspecies lugens, halophila, warriae, and persica; Arabian Wheatear (Oenanthe lugentoides), which includes subspecies lugentoides and boscaweri; and Abyssinian Wheatear (Oenanthe lugubris), which includes subspecies vauriei, lugubris, and schalowi.

Reference:

Schweizer, M., and H. Shirihai. 2013. Phylogeny of the Oenanthe lugens complex (Aves, Muscicapidae: Saxicolinae): paraphyly of a morphologically cohesive group within a recent radiation of open-habitat chats. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 69: 450-461.

 

page 404, San Cristobal Thrush  Zoothera margaretae

San Cristobal Thrush (Zoothera margaretae) is split into two species, following Gibbs (1996) and Dutson (2011): Makira Thrush (Zoothera margaretae) and Guadalcanal Thrush (Zoothera turipavae). Revise the range of Makira Thrush from “Mountains of San Cristóbal (Solomon Islands)” to “Makira (Solomon Islands)”.

References:

Dutson, G. 2011. Birds of Melanesia. The Bismarks, Solomons, Vanuatu and New Caledonia. Christopher Helm, London.

Gibbs, D. 1996. Notes on Solomon Island birds. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 116: 18-25.

 

page (addition 2014), Bougainville Thrush  Zoothera atrigena

Add Bougainville Thrush (Zoothera atrigena) immediately following New Britain Thrush (Zoothera talaseae). The range of Bougainville Thrush is “Bougainville (Solomon Islands)”. This population was described as a subspecies, Zoothera talaseae atrigena Ripley and Hadden 1982, but was overlooked in previous editions of the eBird/Clements Checklist. We now add it, but recognize it as a species, following Dutson (2011).

References:

Dutson, G. 2011. Birds of Melanesia. The Bismarks, Solomons, Vanuatu and New Caledonia. Christopher Helm, London.

Ripley, S.D., and D. Hadden. 1982. A new subspecies of Zoothera (Aves: Muscicapidae: Turdinae) from the Northern Solomon Islands. Journal of the Yamashina Institute for Ornithology 14: 103-107.

 

page (addition 2014), Tropeiro Seedeater  Sporophila beltoni

Tropeiro Seedeater (Sporophila beltoni) was described as a new species by Repenning and Fontana (2013), and ratified by SACC (Proposal 615). Another summary of the history behind this new species is at Neotropical Birds. Insert Tropeiro Seedeater immediately following Plumbeous Seedeater (Sporophila plumbea). The range of Tropeiro Seedeater is “breeds southern Brazil (Paraná south to Rio Grande do Sul); migrates north to Goiás, Minas Gerais, and southwestern Bahia”.

 

page 687, Dark-eyed Junco  Junco hyemalis

In accord with NACC (Chesser et al. 2014), the monotypic group Dark-eyed Junco (Guadalupe) Junco hyemalis insularis is elevated to species rank as Guadalupe Junco (Junco insularis), following Mirsky (1996) and Aleixandre et al. (2013).

References:

Aleixandre, P., J. Hernández Montoya, and B. Milá. 2013. Speciation on oceanic islands: rapid adaptive divergence vs. cryptic speciation in a Guadalupe Island songbird (Aves: Junco). PLoS One 8: e63242.

Chesser, R.T., R.C. Banks, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, A.G. Navarro-Sigüenza, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2014. Fifty-fifth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American Birds. Auk 131: in press.

Mirsky, E.N. 1976. Song divergence in hummingbird and junco populations on Guadalupe Island. Condor 78: 230-235.

 

page 665, Cinnamon-breasted Bunting  Emberiza tahapisi

Cinnamon-breasted Bunting (Emberiza tahapisi) is split into two species, following Olsson et al. (2013): Cinnamon-breasted Bunting (Emberiza tahapisi), including the subspecies arabica, insularis, septemstriata, and tahapisi; and Gosling’s Bunting (Emberiza goslingi), which is monotypic. The sequence of subspecies within Cinnamon-breasted Bunting is revised, from north to south. Also note that subspecies septemstriata perhaps represents a hybrid population between Cinnamon-breasted and Gosling’s buntings, and so might not be a valid taxon (Olsson et al. 2013).

Reference:

Olsson, U., R. Yosef, and P. Alström. 2013. Assessment of species limits in African ‘brown buntings’ (Emberiza, Passeriformes) based on mitochondrial and nuclear sequence data. Ibis 155: 534-543.

 

page 630, Vinaceous Rosefinch  Carpodacus vinaceus

Vinaceous Rosefinch (Carpodacus vinaceus) is split into two species (Wu et al. 2011): Vinaceous Rosefinch (Carpodacus vinaceus) and Taiwan Rosefinch (Carpodacus formosanus).

Reference:

Wu, H.C., R.-C. Lin, H.-Y. Hung, C.-F. Yeh, H.-Hu. Chu, X.-J. Yang, C.-J. Yao, F.-S. Zou, C.-T. Yao, S.-H. Li, and F.-M. Lei. 2011. Molecular and morphological evidences reveal a cryptic species in the Vinaceous Rosefinch Carpodacus vinaceous (Fringilidae; Aves). Zoologica Scripta 40: 468-478.

 

page 630, Pale Rosefinch  Carpodacus synoicus

Pale Rosefinch (Carpodacus synoicus) is split into two species, following Tietze et al. (2013): Sinai Rosefinch (Carpodacus synoicus), which is monotypic; and Pale Rosefinch (Carpodacus stoliczkae), which includes the subspecies salimalii, stoliczkae, and beicki.

Reference:

Tietze, D.T., M. Päkert, J. Martens, H. Lehmann, and Y-H. Sun. 2013. Complete phylogeny and historical biogeography of true rosefinches (Aves: Carpodacus). Zoological Journal of Linnean Society 169: 215-234.

 

page 602, Socotra Sparrow  Passer insularis

Socotra Sparrow (Passer insularis) is split into two species (Kirwan 2008, Ryan et al. 2010): Socotra Sparrow (Passer insularis) and Abd’ Al Kuri Sparrow (Passer hemileucus).

References:

Kirwan, G.M. 2008. Studies of Socotran birds III. Morphological and mensural evidence for a ‘new’ species in the Rufous Sparrow Passer motitensis complex endemic to the island of Abd ‘Al-Kuri, with the validation of Passer insularis Sclater & Hartlaub, 1881. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 128: 83-93.

Ryan, P.G., L. Nupen, B. Rose, and A.S. Suleiman. 2010. Geographic variation in Socotra Sparrows Passer insularis. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 130: 75-82.

 

SPECIES LOSSES (lumps and other deletions)

page 80, Sharpe’s Rail  Gallirallus sharpei

Sharpe’s Rail (Gallirallus sharpei) is deleted; the single specimen of this rail is a melanistic example of Buff-banded Rail (Gallirallus philippensis) (van Grouw 2010).

Reference:

Grouw, H.J. van. 2010. How to recognize colour aberrations in birds (in museum collections). Pages 53-59 in M. Louette, G. Cael, and W. Tavernier (editors), Proceedings of the Sixth European Bird Curators Meeting. Journal of Afrotropical Zoology Special Issue: 53-59.

 

page (addition 2013), Bamboo Antwren  Myrmotherula oreni

Bamboo Antwren (Myrmotherula oreni) is a recently described species (Miranda et al. 2013) that was added, provisionally, to eBird/Clements Checklist 6.8, pending review by SACC of the proposed new species. Based on current information, SACC has voted to not recognize oreni as a species (SACC Proposal 618). Consequently we now classify oreni as a subspecies (and monotypic group), Ihering’s Antwren (Bamboo) Myrmotherula iheringi oreni.

Reference:

Miranda, L., A. Aleixo, B.M. Whitney, L.F. Silveira, E. Guilherme, M.P.D. Santos, and M.P.C. Schneider. 2013. Molecular systematics and taxonomic revision of the Ihering’s Antwren complex (Myrmotherula iheringi: Thamnophilidae), with description of a new species from southwestern Amazonia. Pages 268-271 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, and D. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Special volume. New species and global index. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

page (addition 2013), Xingu Woodcreeper  Dendrocolaptes retentus

Xingu Woodcreeper (Dendrocolaptes retentus) is a recently described species (Batista et al. 2013) that was added, provisionally, to eBird/Clements Checklist 6.8, pending review by SACC of the proposed new species. Since then, SACC has voted not to recognize retentus as a species (SACC Proposal 621). Consequently we now classify retentus as a subspecies (and monotypic group), Amazonian Barred-Woodcreeper (Xingu) Dendrocolaptes certhia retentus.

Reference:

Batista, R., A. Aleixo, M. Vallinoto, L. Azevedo, P. S. de Rêgo, L.F. Silveira, I. Sampaio, and H. Schneider. 2013. Molecular systematics and taxonomic revision of the Amazonian Barred Woodcreeper complex (Dendrocolaptes certhia: Dendrocolaptidae), with description of a new species from the Xingu-Tocantins interfluve. Pages 245-247 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, and D. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Special volume. New species and global index. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

page (addition 2013), Tupana Scythebill  Campylorhamphus gyldenstolpei

Tupana Scythebill (Campylorhamphus gyldenstolpei) is a recently described species (Aleixo et al. 2013) that was added, provisionally, to eBird/Clements Checklist 6.8, pending review by SACC of this proposed new species by SACC. Since then, SACC has voted to not recognize gyldenstolpei as a species (SACC Proposal 623). Consequently we now classify gyldenstolpei as a subspecies (and monotypic group), Curve-billed Scythebill (Tupana) Campylorhamphus procurvoides gyldenstolpei.

Reference:

Aleixo, A., C.E.B. Portes, A. Whittaker, J.D. Weckstein, L.P. Gonzaga, K.J. Zimmer, C.C. Ribas, and J.M. Bates. 2013. Molecular systematics and taxonomic revision of the Curve-billed Scythebill complex (Campylorhamphus procurvoides: Dendrocolaptidae), with description of a new species from western Amazonian Brazil. Pages 253-257 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, and D. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Special volume. New species and global index. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

page (addition 2013), Tapajos Scythebill  Campylorhamphus cardosoi

Tapajos Scythebill (Campylorhamphus cardosoi) is a recently described species (Portes et al. 2013) that was added, provisionally, to eBird/Clements Checklist 6.8, pending review by SACC of this proposed new species by SACC. Since then, SACC has voted to not recognize cardosoi as a species (SACC Proposal 623). Consequently we now classify cardosoi as a subspecies (and monotypic group), Curve-billed Scythebill (Tapajos) Campylorhamphus procurvoides cardosoi.

Reference:

Portes, C.E.B., A. Aleixo, K.J. Zimmer, A. Whittaker, J.D. Weckstein, L.P. Gonzaga, C.C. Ribas, J.M. Bates, and A.C. Lees. 2013. A new species of Campylorhamphus (Aves: Dendrocolaptidae) from the Tapajós – Xingu interfluve in Amazonian Brazil. Pages 258-262 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, and D. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Special volume. New species and global index. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

page 268, Plain-breasted Earthcreeper  Upucerthia jelskii

In accord with SACC Proposal 572, based on Areta and Pearman (2013), Plain-breasted Earthcreeper (Upucerthia jelskii) is lumped into Buff-breasted Earthcreeper (Upucerthia validirostris). Another summary of the rationale behind this lump, accompanied by photos of these earthcreepers, is at Neotropical Birds. We retain the taxa formerly recognized as Plain-breasted Earthcreeper as a new polytypic group, Buff-breasted Earthcreeper (Plain-breasted) Upucerthia validirostris [jelskii Group].

Reference:

Areta, J.I., and M. Pearman. 2013. Species limits and clinal variation in a widespread high Andean Furnariid: the Buff-breasted Earthcreeper (Upucerthia validirostris). Condor 115: 131-143.

 

page 485, Fiji Whistler  Pachycephala graeffii

White-throated Whistler (Pachycephala vitiensis) and Fiji Whistler (Pachycephala graeffii) are lumped, following Andersen et al. (2014a), as Fiji Whistler (Pachycephala vitiensis). Each former species retains an identity as a polytypic group: Fiji Whistler (White-throated) Pachycephala vitiensis [vitiensis Group] and Fiji Whistler (Fiji) Pachycephala vitiensis [graeffii Group].

Reference:

Andersen, , M.J., Á.S. Nyári, I. Mason, L. Joseph, J.P. Dumbacher, C.E. Filardi, and R.G. Moyle. 2014a. Molecular systematics of the world’s most polytypic bird: the Pachycephala pectoralis/melanura (Aves: Pachycephalidae) species complex. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 170: 566–588.

 

page 350, Sidamo Lark  Heteromirafra sidamoensis

The two Heteromirafra larks of the Horn of Africa, Archer’s Lark (Heteromirafra archeri) and Sidamo Lark (Heteromirafra sidamoensis), are conspecific (Spottiswoode et al. 2013). Heteromirafra sidamoensis is lumped into Heteromirafra archeri. Change the English name from Archer’s Lark to Liben Lark. Revise the range of Heteromirafra archeri from “Highlands of nw Somalia” to “southern Ethiopia (Liben Plain) and highlands of northwestern Somalia”.

Reference:

Spottiswoode, C.N., U. Olsson, M.S.L. Mills, C. Cohen, J.E. Francis, N. Toye, D. Hoddinott, A. Dagne, C. Wood, P.F. Donald, N.J. Collar, and P. Alström. 2013. Rediscovery of a long-lost lark reveals the conspecificity of endangered Heteromirafra populations in the Horn of Africa. Journal of Ornithology 154: 813-825.

 

page 524, Songar Tit  Poecile songanus

Songar Tit (Poecile songanus), including subspecies songanus, affinis, and stoetzneri, is lumped with Willow Tit (Poecile motanus), following Salzburger et al. (2002) and Eck and Martens (2006). These taxa are retained as a polytypic group, Willow Tit (Songar) Poecile montanus [songanus Group].

References:

Eck, S., and J. Martens. 2006. Systematic notes on Asian birds. 49. A preliminary review of the Aegithalidae, Remizidae and Paridae. Zoologische Mededelingen 80: 1-63.

Salzburger, W., J. Martens, A.A. Nazarenko, Y-H. Sun, R. Dallinger, and C. Sturmbauer. 2002. Phylogeography of the Eurasian Willow Tit (Parus montanus) based on DNA sequences of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 24: 26-34.

 

page 363, Kimberley Pipit  Anthus pseudosimilis

Delete the recently described and poorly known Kimberley Pipit (Anthus pseudosimilis); the known specimens of Kimberley Pipit are misidentifed examples of African Pipit (Anthus cinnamomeus), of Long-billed Pipit (Anthus similis), and of Mountain Pipit (Anthus hoeschi) (Davies and Peacock 2014).

Reference:

Davies, G.B.P., and D.S. Peacock. 2014. Reassessment of plumage characters and morphometrics of Anthus longicaudatus Liversidge, 1996 and Anthus pseudosimilis Liversidge and Voelker, 2002 (Aves: Motacillidae). Annals of the Ditsong National Museum of Natural History 4: 187-206.

 

page 364, Long-tailed Pipit  Anthus longicaudatus

Delete the recently described and poorly known Long-tailed Pipit (Anthus longicaudatus). The original series of specimens of Long-tailed Pipit are misidentifed examples of Buffy Pipit (Anthus vaalensis) and of Long-billed Pipit (Anthus similis) (Davies and Peacock 2014).

Reference:

Davies, G.B.P., and D.S. Peacock. 2014. Reassessment of plumage characters and morphometrics of Anthus longicaudatus Liversidge, 1996 and Anthus pseudosimilis Liversidge and Voelker, 2002 (Aves: Motacillidae). Annals of the Ditsong National Museum of Natural History 4: 187-206.

 

page 630, Spotted Rosefinch  Carpodacus severtzovi

The three subspecies of Spotted Rosefinch (Carpodacus severtzovi), diabolicus, kodensis, and severtzovi, which were split from Great Rosefinch (Carpodacus rubicilla) in Clements Checklist 6.6 (2011), are lumped back into Great Rosefinch, following Tietze et al. (2013).

Reference:

Tietze, D.T., M. Päkert, J. Martens, H. Lehmann, and Y-H. Sun. 2013. Complete phylogeny and historical biogeography of true rosefinches (Aves: Carpodacus). Zoological Journal of Linnean Society 169: 215-234.

 

SPECIES RATIFICATION

page (addition 2013), Western Puffbird  Nystalus obamai

We provisionally added Western Puffbird (Nystalus obamai) to the eBird/Clements Checklist 6.8 (2013), with the caution “this description has not yet been reviewed by SACC”. Since then, Nystalus obamai has been reviewed and not accepted by SACC (Proposal 617). SACC Proposal 617 addressed two issues: whether to recognize Nystalus obamai as a species, and whether to elevate to species rank both of the two subspecies of Striolated Puffbird (Nystalus striolatus), as had been proposed by Whitney et al. (2013). Members of SACC expressed more enthusiasm for recognizing obamai than in the splitting striolatus, so we await a future proposal that would allow such an outcome. In the meantime we continue to recognize Nystalus obamai in the eBird/Clements Checklist 6.9, although its status continues to be provisional, pending a final decision on its status by SACC.

Reference:

Whitney, B.M., V. de Q. Piacentini, F. Schunck, A. Aleixo, B.R.S. de Sousa, L.F. Silveira, and M.A. Rêgo. 2013. A name for Striolated Puffbird west of the Rio Madeira with revision of the Nystalus striolatus (Aves: Bucconidae) complex. Pages 240-244 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, and D. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Special volume. New species and global index. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

page (addition 2013), Predicted Antwren  Herpsilochmus praedictus

We provisionally added Predicted Antwren (Herpsilochmus praedictus) to the eBird/Clements Checklist 6.8 (2013), with the caution “this description has not yet been reviewed by SACC”. Since then, Predicted Antwren has been reviewed and accepted by SACC (Proposal 586).

 

page (addition 2013), Aripuana Antwren  Herpsilochmus stotzi

We provisionally added Aripuana Antwren (Herpsilochmus stotzi) to the eBird/Clements Checklist 6.8 (2013), with the caution “this description has not yet been reviewed by SACC”. Since then, Aripuana Antwren has been reviewed and accepted by SACC (Proposal 585).

 

page (addition 2013), Manicore Warbling-Antbird  Hypocnemis rondoni

We provisionally added Manicore Warbling-Antbird (Hypocnemis rondoni) to the eBird/Clements Checklist 6.8 (2013), with the caution “this description has not yet been reviewed by SACC”. Since then, Manicore Warbling-Antbird has been reviewed and accepted by SACC (Proposal 588).

 

page (addition 2012), Alta Floresta Antpitta  Hylopezus whittakeri

We provisionally added Alta Floresta Antpitta (Hylopezus whittakeri) to the eBird/Clements Checklist 6.7 (2012), with the comment that “Alta Floresta Antpitta has not yet been accepted as valid by SACC, but we are sufficiently confident that SACC will accept this species that we admit it to the eBird/Clements checklist as a species”. Ratification by SACC of this distinctive species, although long delayed, was accomplished in SACC Proposal 622.

 

page (addition 2013), Junin Tapaculo  Scytalopus gettyae

We provisionally added Junin Tapaculo (Scytalopus gettyae) to the eBird/Clements Checklist 6.8 (2013), with the caution “this description has not yet been reviewed by SACC”. Since then, Junin Tapaculo has been reviewed and accepted by SACC (Proposal 581).

 

page (addition 2013), Delta Amacuro Softtail  Thripophaga amacurensis

We provisionally recognized the newly described species Delta Amacuro Softtail (Thripophaga amacurensis) in the eBird/Clements Checklist 6.8 (2013), pending its acceptance by SACC; subsequently Delta Amacuro Softtail was reviewed and accepted by SACC (Proposal 580).

 

page (addition 2013), Acre Tody-Tyrant  Hemitriccus cohnhafti

We provisionally recognized the newly described species Acre Tody-Tyrant (Hemitriccus cohnhafti) in the eBird/Clements Checklist 6.8 (2013), pending its acceptance by SACC; subsequently Acre Tody-Tyrant was accepted by SACC (Proposal 598).

 

The following species that we have accepted on a provisional basis still await review of their status by SACC:

 

page (addition 2013), Roosevelt Antwren  Epinecrophylla dentei

Now pending with SACC (Proposal 589), which if accepted also would enact additional splits in Stipple-throated Antwren (Epinecrophylla haematonota).

 

page (addition 2013), Inambari Woodcreeper  Lepidocolaptes fatimalimae

Now pending with SACC (Proposal 620), which if accepted also would enact additional splits in Lineated Woodcreeper (Lepidocolaptes albolineatus).

 

page (addition 2014), Cryptic Treehunter  Cichlocolaptes mazarbarnetti

This species was described as recently as July 2014; to date a proposal to recognize this species has not been submitted to SACC.

 

page (addition 2013), Chico’s Tyrannulet  Zimmerius chicomendesi

Surprisingly, no proposal to recognize this species has been submitted yet to SACC (!).

 

page (addition 2013), Sucunduri Flycatcher  Tolmomyias sucunduri

Again, no proposal to recognize this species has been submitted yet to SACC.

 

page (addition 2013), Campina Jay  Cyanocorax hafferi

Now pending with SACC (Proposal 635).

 

page (addition 2013), Inambari Gnatcatcher  Polioptila attenboroughi

Now pending with SACC (Proposal 619), which if accepted also would enact additional splits in Guianan Gnatcatcher (Polioptila guianensis).

 

ORDERS AND FAMILIES

ORDERS (newly recognized orders)

page 2, Rheiformes (Rheas)

A new order, family, Rheiformes, is recognized for the two species of rheas (Rheidae), following Cracraft (2013), and in accord with SACC (Proposal 626).

Reference:

Cracraft, J. 2013. Avian higher-level relationships and classification: nonpasserines. Pages xxi-xliii in E.C. Dickinson and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors), The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

pages 2, 699, Casuariiformes (Cassowaries and Emus)

A new order, family, Casuariiformes, is recognized for the three species of cassowaries (Casuariidae) and the three species of emus (Dromaiidae), following Cracraft (2013.

Reference:

Cracraft, J. 2013. Avian higher-level relationships and classification: nonpasserines. Pages xxi-xliii in E.C. Dickinson and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors), The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

pages 2, 699, Apterygiformes (Kiwis)

A new order, family, Apterygiformes, is recognized for the five species of kiwis (Apterygidae), following Cracraft (2013.

Reference:

Cracraft, J. 2013. Avian higher-level relationships and classification: nonpasserines. Pages xxi-xliii in E.C. Dickinson and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors), The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom

FAMILIES (newly recognized families)

Anseranatidae (Magpie Goose)

page 26, Magpie Goose  Anseranas semipalmata

A family, Anseranatidae (Magpie Goose), is recognized for Magpie Goose (Anseranas semipalmata), following Livezey (1986), Sibley and Ahlquist (1990), and other authors.

References:

Livezey, B.C. 1986. A phylogenetic analysis of recent anseriform genera using morphological characters. Auk 103: 737-754.

Sibley, C.G., and J.E. Ahlquist. 1990. Phylogeny and classification of birds: a study in molecular evolution. Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut.

 

Psittaculidae (Old World Parrots)

pages 131-141, parrots, hanging-parrots, lorikeets, lories, lovebirds, and allies: genera Psittrichas, Mascarinus, Micropsitta, Polytelis, Alisterus, Aprosmictus, Prioniturus, Eclectus, Geoffroyus, Psittinus, Psittacula, Psittacella, Tanygnathus, Pezoporus, Neopsittacus, Neophema, Lathamus, Prosopeia, Eunymphicus, Cyanoramphus, Barnardius, Platycercus, Northiella, Psephotus, Purpureicephalus, Cyclopsitta, Psittaculirostris, Bolbopsittacus, Melopsittacus, Oreopsittacus, Charmosyna, Phigys, Vini, Chalcopsitta, Lorius, Glossopsitta, Psitteuteles, Eos, Pseudeos, Trichoglossus, Loriculus, and Agapornis

We follow Joseph et al. (2012), Cracraft (2013), and SACC (Proposal 599) in recognizing an additional family of parrots, Psittaculidae (Old World Parrots). The sequence of genera in Old World Parrots is based primarily on Joseph et al. (2011), Schweizer et al. (2010, 2014), and Schirtzinger et al. (2012).

References:

Cracraft, J. 2013. Avian higher-level relationships and classification: nonpasserines. Pages xxi-xliii in E.C. Dickinson and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors), The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

Joseph, L., A. Toon, E.E. Schirtzinger, and T.F. Wright. 2011. Molecular systematics of two enigmatic genera Psittacella and Pezoporus illuminate the ecological radiation of Australo-Papuan parrots (Aves: Psittaciformes). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 59: 675-684.

Joseph, L., A. Toon, E.E. Schirtzinger, T.F. Wright, and R. Schodde. 2012. A revised nomenclature and classification for family-group taxa of parrots (Psittaciformes). Zootaxa 3205: 26-40.

Schirtzinger, E.E., E.S. Tavares, L.A. Gonzales, J.R. Eberhard, C.Y. Miyaki, J.J. Sanchez, A. Hernandez, H. Müeller, G.R. Graves, R.C. Fleischer, and T.F. Wright. 2012. Multiple independent origins of mitochondrial control region duplications in the order Psittaciformes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 64: 342-356.

Schweizer, M., O. Seehausen, M. Güntert, and S.T. Hertwig. 2010. The evolutionary diversification of parrots supports a taxon pulse model. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54: 984–994.

Schweizer, M., M. Güntert, O. Seehausen, C. Leuenberger, and S.T. Hertwig. 2014. Parallel adaptations to nectarivory in parrots, key innovations and the diversification of the Loriinae. Ecology and Evolution in press.

 

Mohouidae (Whiteheads)

page 483, Whitehead Mohoua albicilla, Yellowhead Mohoua ochrocephala and Pipipi Mohoua novaeseelandiae

Whitehead (Mohoua albicilla), Yellowhead (Mohoua ochrocephala), and Pipipi (Mohoua novaeseelandiae) have been shown not to be members of the Pachycephalidae (Whistlers and Allies) (Norman et al. 2009, Jønsson et al. 2011), and so Aidala et al. (2013) resurrected the family Mohouidae (Whiteheads) for these three species. The relationships of Mohouidae to other families perhaps are not resolved (Aidala et al. 2013, Aggerbeck et al. 2014). Provisionally we position Mohouidae immediately following Melanocharitidae (Berrypeckers and Longbills).

References:

Aggerbeck, M., J. Fjeldså, L. Christidis, P.-H. Fabre, and K.A. Jønsson. 2014. Resolving deep lineage divergences in core corvoid passerine birds supports a proto-Papuan island origin. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 70: 272-285.

Aidala, Z., N. Chong, M.G. Anderson, L. Ortiz-Catedral, I.G. Jamieson, J.V. Briskie, P. Cassey, B.J. Gill, and M.E. Hauber. 2013. Phylogenetic relationships of the genus Mohoua, endemic hosts of New Zealand’s obligate brood parasitic Long-tailed Cuckoo (Eudynamys taitensis). Journal of Ornithology 154: 1127-1133.

Jønsson, K.A., P.-H. Fabre, R.E. Ricklefs, and J. Fjeldså. 2011. Major global radiation of corvoid birds originated in the proto-Papuan archipelago. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108: 2328-2333.

Norman, J.A., P.G.P. Ericson, K.A. Jønsson, J. Fjeldså, and L. Christidis. 2009. A multi-gene phylogeny reveals novel relationships for aberrant genera of Australo-Papuan core Corvoidea and polyphyly of the Pachycephalidae and Psophodidae (Aves: Passeriformes). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 52: 488-497.

 

Oreoicidae (Australo-Papuan Bellbirds)

page 483, Crested Bellbird Oreoica gutturalis and Rufous-naped Whistler Aleadryas rufinucha

page 488, Crested Pitohui Ornorectes cristatus

A newly proposed family, Oreoicidae (Australo-Papuan Bellbirds), is created for Crested Bellbird (Oreoica gutturalis), Rufous-naped Whistler (Aleadryas rufinucha), and Crested Pitohui (Ornorectes cristatus) (Schodde and Christidis 2014). The relationship of Oreoicidae to other families is not fully resolved; provisionally we position this family immediately following Pachycephalidae (Whistlers and Allies).

Change the English name of Aleadryas rufinucha from Rufous-naped Whistler to Rufous-naped Bellbird.

Reference:

Schodde, R., and L. Christidis. 2014. Relicts from Tertiary Australasia: undescribed families and subfamilies of songbirds (Passeriformes) and their zoogeographic signal. Zootaxa 3786: 501-522.

 

page 499, Elachuridae  (Spotted Elachura)

Spotted Wren-Babbler (Spelaeornis formosus), previously classified as a member of Timaliidae (Tree-Babblers, Scimitar-Babblers, and Allies), is not a babbler at all. This species represents a new, monotypic family, Elachuridae (Alström et al. 2014). Position Elachuridae immediately preceding Bombycillidae (Waxwings). Change the scientific name to Elachura formosa (Collar and Robson 2007, Alström et al. 2014), and the English name to Spotted Elachura.

References:

Alström, P., D.M. Hooper, Y. Liu, U. Olsson, D. Mohan, M. Gelang, H.L. Manh, J. Zhao, F. Lei, and T.D. Price. 2014. Discovery of a relict lineage and monotypic family of passerine birds. Biology Letters 10: 20131067.

Collar, N.J., and C. Robson. 2007. Family Timaliidae (babblers). Pages 70-291 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 12. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

FAMILIES  (composition)

 

page 498, Ground-Warblers, genus  Robsonius

The genus Robsonius, previously classified with Pellorneidae (Ground Babblers and Allies), instead belongs with Locustellidae (Grassbirds and Allies) (Oliveros et al. 2012). Reposition Robsonius at the beginning of Locustellidae, immediately following Tuamotu Reed-Warbler (Acrocephalus atyphus).

 

page 488, Malia  Malia grata

The genus Malia, previously classified with Pellorneidae Timaliidae (Tree-Babblers, Scimitar-Babblers, and Allies), instead belongs with Locustellidae (Grassbirds and Allies) (Oliveros et al. 2012). The posiiton of Malia within Locustellidae is not resolved; provisionally we position Malia immediately following the genus Megalurus.

Reference:

Oliveros, C.H., S. Reddy, and R.G. Moyle. 2012. The phylogenetic position of some Philippine ‘‘babblers’’ spans the muscicapoid and sylvioid bird radiations. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 65: 799–804.

 

Page 502, Visayan Miniature-Babbler  Micromacronus leytensis

Mindanao Miniature-Babber  Micromacronus sordidus

The genus Micromacronus, previously classified with Timaliidae (Tree-Babblers, Scimitar-Babblers, and Allies), instead belongs with Cisticolidae (Cisticolas and Allies) (Oliveros et al. 2012). The position of Micromacronus within Cisticolidae is not resolved, however; provisionally we position Micromacronus immediately following the genus Apalis.

Change the English name of Micromacronus leytensis from Visayan Miniature-Babbler to Leyte Plumed-Warbler. Change the English name of Micromacronus sordidus from Mindanao Miniature-Babbler to Mindanao Plumed-Warbler.

Reference:

Oliveros, C.H., S. Reddy, and R.G. Moyle. 2012. The phylogenetic position of some Philippine ‘‘babblers’’ spans the muscicapoid and sylvioid bird radiations. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 65: 799–804.

 

page 493, Bagobo Babbler  Leonardina woodi

The genus Leonardina, previously classified with Pellorneidae (Ground Babblers and Allies), instead belongs with Muscicapidae (Old World Flycatchers) (Oliveros et al. 2012). Reposition Leonardina immediately following the genus Sheppardia. Change the English name of Leonardina woodi from Bagobo Babbler to Bagobo Robin.

Reference:

Oliveros, C.H., S. Reddy, and R.G. Moyle. 2012. The phylogenetic position of some Philippine ‘‘babblers’’ spans the muscicapoid and sylvioid bird radiations. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 65: 799–804.

 

FAMILIES (nomenclature)

 

pages 141-151, 700, Parrots  Psittacidae

With the recognition of a new family of parrots, Psittaculidae (Old World Parrots) (see above), the English name for parrots of the family Psittacidae changes from Parrots to New World and African Parrots.

 

pages 505-506, 510, 621-625, Vireos  Vireonidae

Change the English name of Vireonidae from Vireos to Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis.

 

pages 523-529, Chickadees and Tits  Paridae

Change the English name of the Paridae from Chickadees and Tits to Tits, Chickadees and Titmice.

 

pages 443-445, 496, 509, Sylvids  Sylvidae

Correct the spelling of the scientific name for Sylvids from Sylvidae to Sylviidae. Change the English name of the family from Sylvids to Sylviid Warblers.

 

pages 500, 510, 549-556, 562, Yuhinas, White-eyes, and Allies  Zosteropidae

Change the English name for the family Zosteropidae from “Yuhinas, White-eyes, and Allies” to “White-eyes, Yuhinas, and Allies”.

 

page 387. Silky-flycatchers  Ptilogonatidae

The spelling of the family name for silky-flycatchers is corrected from Ptilogonatidae to Ptiliogonatidae, following Gregory and Dickinson (2012) and NACC (Chesser et al. 2013).

References:

Chesser, R.T., R.C. Banks, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, A.G. Navarro-Sigüenza, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2014. Fifty-fifth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American Birds. Auk 131 (4): CSi-CSxv.

Gregory, S.M.S., and E.C. Dickinson. 2012. An assessment of three little-noticed papers on avian nomenclature by G. N. Kashin during 1978–1982. Zootaxa 3340: 44-58.

 

pages 625-639, 701  Siskins, Crossbills, and Allies  Fringillidae

Change the English name of the family Fringillidae from “Siskins, Crossbills, and Allies” to “Finches, Euphonias, and Allies”.

 

STANDARD UPDATES and CORRECTIONS

 

Note: Throughout eBird/Clements Checklist 6.9, the name “Zaire” is replaced with “Democratic Republic of the Congo”. This change (overdue!) obviously results in corrections to the range descriptions of hundreds of species and subspecies. These changes are not noted individually unless there are significant additional revisions to a particular range description.

 

page 4, Black-capped Tinamou  Crypturellus atrocapillus

Revise the range description for subspecies atrocapillus from “Lowlands of se Peru” to “lowlands of southeastern Peru (central Ucayali south to Puno) and southwestern Brazil (Acre)”.

 

page 6, Lesser Nothura  Nothura minor

Revise the range description from “Semiarid grasslands and scrub of interior se Brazil” to “semiarid grasslands and scrub of interior southeastern Brazil and east central Paraguay” (Guayra Paraguay 2004).

Reference:

Guyra Paraguay. 2004. Lista comentada de las aves de Paraguay/annotated checklist of the birds of Paraguay. Asociación Guyra Paraguay, Asun

 

page 6, Chaco Nothura  Nothura chacoensis

Revise the range description from “Chaco of nw Paraguay and n-central Argentina” to “chaco of northwestern Paraguay” (Mazar Barnett and Pearman 2001).

Reference:

Mazar Barnett, J., and M. Pearman. 2001. Lista comentada de las aves argentinas/Annotated checklist of the birds of Argentina. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

page 30, Yellow-billed Duck  Anas undulata

Correct the spelling of the subspecies name from rueppelli to ruppelli (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 31, Cinnamon Teal  Anas cyanoptera

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from orinomus to orinoma (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 31, White-cheeked Pintail  Anas bahamensis

Revise the range description for subspecies bahamensis from “Locally in West Indies and n South America” to “West Indies and coastal northern South America (Colombia to northeastern Brazil)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies rubrirostris from “S Brazil and Bolivia to Argentina and Chile” to “Pacific coast of South America from Ecuador south to central Chile; eastern South America from eastern Bolivia to central and eastern Brazil south to northern Argentina and Uruguay”.

 

page 31, Yellow-billed Pintail  Anas georgica

Correct the spelling of the subspecies name from nicefori to niceforoi.

Reference:

Wetmore, A., and J.I. Borrero. 1946. A new species of duck from central Colombia. Caldasia 4: 67-71.

 

page 30, Andaman Teal  Anas albogularis

Reposition Andaman Teal (Anas albogularis) to precede Sunda Teal (Anas gibberifrons).

 

page 30, Gray Teal  Anas gracilis

The extinct subspecies remissa properly belongs with Gray Teal (Anas gracilis), not with Sunda Teal (Anas gibberifrons).

 

page 32, Greater Scaup  Aythya marila

Revise the range description for subspecies marila from “N Eurasia; winters to Mediterranean region and India” to “breeds in northern Eurasia; winters to the Mediterranean region, India, Japan, Korea, and China” (Banks 1986).

The name mariloides, sometimes used for a subspecies of Greater Scaup, instead is a synonym of Lesser Scaup (Aythya affinis); the appropriate name for the North American subspecies is nearctica (Banks 1986). Revise the range of subspecies nearctica from “N Asia and n North America; winters to s US and China” to “breeds northern North America; winters south to the southern United States and northwestern Mexico” (Banks 1986).

Reference:

Banks, R.C. 1986. Subspecies of the Greater Scaup and their names. Wilson Bulletin 98: 433-444.

 

page 53, Red-billed Brush-Turkey  Talegalla cuvieri

With the addition of a second subspecies of Red-billed Brush-Turkey (see below), revise the range description for the nominate subspecies, cuvieri, from “Lowlands of nw New Guinea, Misool and Salawati islands” to “northwestern New Guinea (Vogelkop Peninsula) and Misool and Salawati islands”.

Add a previously overlooked subspecies, Talegalla cuvieri granti Roselaar 1994, with range “west central New Guinea (base of the western Snow Mountains)”; insert subspecies granti immediately following Talegalla cuvieri cuvieri.

Reference:

Roselaar, C.S. 1994. Systematic notes on Megapodiidae (Aves, Galliformes), including the description of five new subspecies. Bulletin Zoölogisch Museum, Universiteit van Amsterdam 14: 9-36.

 

page 53, Black-billed Brush-Turkey  Talegalla fuscirostris

Add a previously overlooked subspecies, Talegalla fuscirostris meyeri Roselaar 1994, with range “northwestern New Guinea (lowlands around Cenderawasih Bay)”.

Add a previously overlooked subspecies, Talegalla fuscirostris aruensis Roselaar 1994, with range “Aru Islands and south central New Guinea (Fly River)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies occidentalis from “lands of sw New Guinea and Aru Islands” to “lowlands of south central New Guinea, just south of the central mountain ranges” (Roselaar 1994).

Revise the range of the nominate subspecies, fuscirostris, from “Lowlands of se New Guinea” to “lowlands of southeastern New Guinea (Roselaar 1994).

Reference:

Roselaar, C.S. 1994. Systematic notes on Megapodiidae (Aves, Galliformes), including the description of five new subspecies. Bulletin Zoölogisch Museum, Universiteit van Amsterdam 14: 9-36.

 

page 53, Brown-collared Brush-Turkey  Talegalla jobiensis

Correct the spelling of the subspecies name from longicauda to longicaudus.

 

page 54, Tabon Scrubfowl  Megapodius cumingii

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from gilberti to gilbertii.

Reference:

Gray, G.R. 1861. List of species composing the family Megapodiidae, with descriptions of new species, and some account of the habits of the species. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London [1861]: 288-296.

 

page 54, Dusky Scrubfowl  Megapodius freycinet

Roselaar (1994) resurrected subspecies quoyii, previously considered to be a synomym of nominate freycinet, with range “North Moluccas”. Insert subspecies quoyii immediately following the species heading.

Revise the range of the nominate subspecies, freycinet, from “N Moluccas and west Papuan islands (off New Guinea)” to “islands off of northwestern New Guinea: Waigeo and surrounding islets (Boni and Saonek), Kofiau, Kamuai, and Misool Island”.

Add a previously overlooked subspecies, Megapodius freycinet oustaleti Roselaar 1994, with range “extreme northwestern New Guinea (western Vogelkop Peninsual) and adjacent islands, including Batanta, Salawati, and associated smaller islands”. Insert subspecies oustaleti immediately following Megapodius freycinet freycinet.

Roselaar, C.S. 1994. Systematic notes on Megapodiidae (Aves, Galliformes), including the description of five new subspecies. Bulletin Zoölogisch Museum, Universiteit van Amsterdam 14: 9-36.

 

page 54, Forsten’s Scrubfowl  Megapodius forstenii

Correct the spelling of the species name of Forsten’s Scrubfowl from forstenii to forsteni (David et al. 2009).

Reference:

David, N., E.C. Dickinson, and S.M.S. Gregory. 2009. Contributions to a list of first reviser actions: ornithology. Zootaxa 2085: 1-24.

 

page 54, New Guinea Scrubfowl  Megapodius affinis

Correct the species name of New Guinea Scrubfowl from affinis to decollatus (Jones et al. 1995).

Reference:

Jones, D.N., R.W.R.J. Dekker, and C.E. Roselaar. 1995. The megapodes Megapodiidae. Oxford University Press, New York and Oxford, United Kingdom.

 

page 54, Plain Chachalaca  Ortalis vetula

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from mccallii to mccalli (David et al. 2009). Correct a typographic error in the range description: change Veracuz to Veracruz.

Reference:

David, N., E.C. Dickinson, and S.M.S. Gregory. 2009. Contributions to a list of first reviser actions: ornithology. Zootaxa 2085: 1-24.

 

page 60, Mountain Quail  Oreortyx pictus

Mountain Quail is considered to be monotypic, following Pyle (2008). Revise the range of the species to “montane areas in western North America, from Washington south through the Cascades, coast ranges, and Sierra Nevada to northern Mexico (Baja California)”

Reference:

Pyle, P. 2008. Identification guide to North American birds. Part II. Slate Creek Press, Point Reyes Station, California.

 

page 60, Scaled Quail  Callipepla squamata

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from hargravi to hargravei (Rea 1973).

Reference:

Rea, A.M. 1973. The Scaled Quail (Callipepla squamata) of the Southwest: systematic and historical consideration. Condor 75: 322-329.

 

page 62, Rufous-breasted Wood-Quail  Odontophorus speciosus

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from soederstroemii to soderstromii (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

 

page 65, Coqui Francolin  Francolinus coqui

Revise the range description for the nominate subspecies from “Kenya to Zaire, Botswana, Natal and n Namibia” to “Democratic Republic of the Congo to central and northwestern Tanzania, and south to northern Namibia, Botswana, and eastern South Africa (south to Kwazulu-Natal)”.

 

page 65, Forest Francolin  Francolinus lathami

Change the English name of Francolinus lathami from Forest Francolin to Latham’s Francolin, following Madge and McGowan (2002).

Reference:

Madge, S., and P. McGowan. 2002. Pheasants, partridges, and grouse. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 65, Finsch’s Francolin  Francolinus finschi

Revise the range description from “Brachystegia belt of nw Angola, Gabon and sw Zaire” to “patchily distributed in Congo, southwestern Democratic Republic of the Congo, and central Angola”.

 

page 67, Gray Partridge  Perdix perdix

Correct the spelling of the subspecies name from sphangnetorum to sphagnetorum.

Reference:

Altum. 1894. Ueber Formen des Rephuhns, Starna cinerea L. Journal für Ornithologie 42: 254-269.

 

page 67, Madagascar Partridge  Margaroperdix madagarensis

Correct the spelling of the species name for Madagascar Partridge from madagascarensis to madagarensis.

Reference:

Scopoli, G.A. 1786. Deliciae florae et faunae Insubricae [….]. Pars II. Ticino.

 

page 68, Jungle Bush-Quail  Perdicula asiatica

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from punjabi to punjaubi.

Reference:

Whistler, H. 1939. A new race of the Indian Bush-Quail. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 59: 76.

 

page 699, Himalayan Quail  Ophrysia superciliosa

Correct a typographic error in the range description: change Himalyas to Himalayas.

 

page 69, Rufous-throated Partridge  Arborophila rufogularis

Correct the scientific name of a subspecies from vietnamenis to annamensis.

References:

Peters, J.L. 1934. Check-list of birds of the world. Volume II. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Robinson, H.C., and C.B. Kloss. 1919. On birds from south Annam and Cochin China. Part 1. Phasianidae-Campophagidae. Ibis 61: 392-453.

 

page 71, Sri Lanka Junglefowl  Gallus lafayetti

Correct the spelling of the species name from lafayetii to lafayettii (Dickinson 2003).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C. (editor). 2003. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Third edition.Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 71, Kalij Pheasant  Lophura leucomelanos

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from hamiltoni to hamiltonii.

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from crawfurdi to crawfurdii.

References:

Gray, J.E. 1829. [descriptions of Phasianus Crawfurdii and Phasianus Hamiltonii] Page 27 in The Animal Kingdom arranged … by the Baron Cuvier. Volume 8. (Class Aves, Volume 3). London.

 

pages 72-73, Ring-necked Pheasant  Phasianus colchicus

Revise the range description of nominate colchicus from “E Georgia to ne Azerbaijan, s Armenia and nw Iran” to “E Georgia to ne Azerbaijan, s Armenia and nw Iran. Pheasants representing a mixture of colchicus, torquatus, and other subspecies now are widely introduced around the world, including across Europe, on New Zealand, the Hawaiian Islands, and North America”.

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from satschuensis to satscheuensis.

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from vlangallii to vlangalii.

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from alashanicus to alaschanicus.

Revise the range description of subspecies torquatus from “E China (Shandong) to Vietnam border” to “E China (Shandong) to Vietnam border. Pheasants representing a mixture of colchicus, torquatus, and other subspecies now are widely introduced around the world, including across Europe, on New Zealand, the Hawaiian Islands, and North America”.

Revise the range description of subspecies versicolor from “Japan (sw Honshu and Kyushu)” to “Japan (sw Honshu and Kyushu). Pheasants of the polytypic group Ring-necked Pheasant (Green) Phasianus colchicus [versicolor Group] now are widely introduced around the world, including across Europe, on the Hawaiian Islands, and in North America”.

Reference:

Peters, J.L. 1934. Check-list of birds of the world. Volume II. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

 

page 74, Green Peafowl  Pavo muticus

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from spificer to spicifer.

Reference:

Shaw, G., and E. Nodder. 1804. The naturalist’s miscellany. Volume 16.

 

page 59, Black-billed Capercaillie  Tetrao urogalloides

Correct the species name for Black-billed Capercaillie from parvirostris to urogalloides (Mlíkovský 2012).

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from kamschaticus to kamtschaticus (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

References:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

Mlíkovský, J. 2012. The correct name for the Siberian Black-billed Capercaillie is Tetrao urogalloides (Aves: Tetraonidae). Zootaxa 3452: 66-68.

 

page 59, Eurasian Capercaillie  Tetrao urogallus

Correct the scientific name of subspecies major to crassirostris (Dickinson and Remsen 2013). Subspecies rudolfi, with range “Carpathian Mountains and Rhodope Mountains”, is merged into crassirostris (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

The following subspecies are merged into nominate urogallus (Dickinson and Remsen 2013): lonnbergi, with range “Kola Peninsula”; karelicus, with range “Finland and n Russian (Karelia)”; and pleskei, with range “Belarus, n Ukraine and European Russia”. Revise the range of nominate urogallus from “Scandinavia” to “Scotland, Scandinavia, and adjacent northwestern Russia”.

Subspecies kureikensis Buturlin 1927 is recognized, following Dickinson and Remsen (2013), and subspecies obsoletus, with range “N Russia and n Siberia to upper Lena River”, is merged into kureikensis. The range of kureikensis is “northeastern Russia to north central Siberia”.

Revise the range of subspecies volgensis from “Central and se Russia” to “southern and central Belarus to central Russia”.

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 59, Rock Ptarmigan  Lagopus muta

Change the name of a subspecies from capta (Peters 1934) to an older name with priority, macruros Schiøler 1925 (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 57, Dusky Grouse  Dendragapus obscurus

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from richardsoni to richardsonii.

Reference:

Douglas, D. 1829. Observations on some new species of the genera Tetrao and Ortyx, natives of North America; with descriptions of four new species of the former, and two of the latter genus. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 16: 133-149.

 

page 8, Australasian Grebe  Tachybaptus novaehollandiae

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from renellianus to rennellianus.

Reference:

Mayr, E. 1943. Notes on Australian birds (II). Emu 43: 3-17.

 

page 8, Least Grebe  Tachybaptus dominicus

Insert subspecies eisenmanni (Storer and Getty 1985) immediately following subspecies dominicus, with range “coast of Ecuador; populations of northwestern Peru presumably also this subspecies”.

The ubspecies name speciosus, previously used by the eBird/Clements Checklist for the southernmost subspecies of Least Grebe, is a junior synonym of chilensis, a subspecies of White-tufted Grebe (Rollandia rolland) (Storer 1975); we adopt the next available name for this subspecies of Least Grebe, brachyrhynchus.

References:

Storer, R.W. 1975. The status of the Least Grebe in Argentina. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 95: 148-151.

Storer, R.W., and T. Getty. 1985. Geographic variation in the Least Grebe (Tachybaptus dominicus). Pages 31-39 in P.A. Buckley, M.S. Foster, E.S. Morton, R.S. Ridgely, and F.G. Buckley (editors), Neotropical Ornithology. Ornithological Monographs number 36. American Ornithologists’ Union, Washington D.C.

 

page 9, Silvery Grebe  Podiceps occipitalis

Revise the English name for the monotypic group Podiceps occipitalis juninensis from Silvery Grebe (juninensis) to Silvery Grebe (Andean).

Revise the English name for the monotypic group Podiceps occipitalis occipitalis from Silvery Grebe (occipitalis) to Silvery Grebe (Patagonian).

 

page 12, Kerguelen Petrel  Aphrodroma brevirostris

Correct a typographic error in the range description: change Kergulen to Kerguelen.

 

pages 14-15, Diving-Petrels  Pelecanoididae

In accord with SACC (Proposal 627), move the Diving-Petrels (Pelecanoididae) to a new position immediately following Shearwaters and Petrels (Procellariidae).

 

page 15, Common Diving-Petrel  Pelecanoides urinatrix

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from copperingeri to coppingeri.

 

page 13, White-faced Storm-Petrel  Pelagodroma marina

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from eadesi to eadesorum (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

 

page 16, Masked Booby  Sula dactylatra

Change the name of the subspecies of the Tasman Sea from fullagari to the older available name tasmani (Gill et al. 2010).

Reference:

Gill, B.J., B.D. Bell, C.K. Chambers, D.G. Medway, R.L. Palma, R.P. Scofield, A.J.D. Tennyson, and T.H. Worthy (Checklist Committee, Ornithological Society of New Zealand). 2010. Checklist of the birds of New Zealand. Te Papa Press and the Ornithological Society of New Zealand, Wellington, New Zealand.

 

page 19, Great Egret  Ardea alba

Correct the spelling of the African subspecies from melanorhyncha to melanorhynchos.

 

page 21, Rufous Night-Heron  Nycticorax caledonicus

Insert subspecies crassirostris immediately following the species heading, with range “formerly Bonin Islands; extinct since the late 1800s”.

Change the scientific name for the subspecies of Australia and surrounding regions from hilli to australasiae (Gill et al. 2010).

Reference:

Gill, B.J., B.D. Bell, C.K. Chambers, D.G. Medway, R.L. Palma, R.P. Scofield, A.J.D. Tennyson, and T.H. Worthy (Checklist Committee, Ornithological Society of New Zealand). 2010. Checklist of the birds of New Zealand. Te Papa Press and the Ornithological Society of New Zealand, Wellington, New Zealand.

 

page 21, Yellow-crowned Night-Heron  Nyctanassa violacea

Correct the spelling of the subspecies name calignis to caliginis.

Reference:

Wetmore, A. 1946. New forms of birds from Panama and Colombia. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 59: 49-54.

 

page 25, White Ibis  Eudocimus albus

Restore the range of White Ibis, which inadvertently was dropped from the eBird/Clements Checklist 6.8 spreadsheet, but revise the range from “Southern US to se Brazil, Bahamas and Greater Antilles” to “southern United States south through Central America and the Greater Antilles to northwestern South America”.

 

page 700, Reunion Solitaire  Raphus solitarius

The extinct and poorly known Reunion Solitaire (Raphus solitarius) was not a solitaire or dodo, as long believed, but was an ibis (Mourer-Chauvire et al. 1995, Hume and Cheke 2004). Change the English name to Reunion Ibis; change the scientific name to Threskiornis solitarius; and reposition this species immediately following Sacred Ibis (Threskiornis aethiopicus).

References:

Hume, J.P., and A.S. Cheke. 2004. The white dodo of Réunion Island: unravelling a scientific and historical myth. Archives of Natural History 31: 57-79.

Mourer-Chaviré, C., R. Bour, and S. Ribes. 1995. Was the solitaire of Réunion an ibis? Nature 373: 568.

 

page 24, Olive Ibis  Bostrychia olivacea

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from akleyorum to akeleyorum (Dickinson and

Remsen 2013).

Subspecies rothschildi properly belongs with the polytypic group Olive Ibis (Olive) Bostrychia olivacea [olivacea Group], not with the group Olive Ibis (Sao Tome) Bostrychia olivacea bocagei.

With the transfer of subspecies rothschildi to the group Olive Ibis (Olive), change the scientific name of the group Olive Ibis (Sao Tome) from Bostrychia olivacea bocagei/rothschildi to Bostrychia olivacea bocagei.

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 34, Pacific Baza  Aviceda subcristata

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from stenozoma to stenozona.

Gray, G.R. 1858. A list of the birds, with descriptions of new species obtained by Mr. Alfred R. Wallace in the Aru and Ké Islands. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 26: 169-198.

 

page 37, Lappet-faced Vulture  Torgos tracheliotus

Correct the spelling of the species name from tracheliotus to tracheliotos (Rookmaaker 1986).

Reference:

Rookmaaker, L.C. 1986. Bibliographical notes on the 1980 S.A.O.S. Checklist of Southern African birds. Ostrich 57: 190.

 

page 37, Rueppell’s Griffon  Gyps rueppellii

Correct the spelling of the species name from rueppellii to rueppelli (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 38, Crested Serpent-Eagle  Spilornis cheela

Correct a typographic error in the range description of subspecies sipora: change Archepelago to Archipelago.

 

page 47, Black Eagle  Ictinaetus malayensis

Correct the spelling of the species name from malayensis to malaiensis (Lebossé and Bour 2011).

Reference:

Lebossé, A., and R. Bour. 2011. The first twenty livraisons of “Les Planches Coloriées d’Oiseaux of Temminck & Laugier (1820-1839): I. The ten wrappers now known. Zoological Bibliography 1: 141-150.

 

page 39, Eurasian Marsh-Harrier  Circus aeruginosus

Revise the range description for subspecies aeruginosus from “W and central Palearctic; winters to SE Asia and Greater Sundas” to “breeds western and central Palearctic; winters in subSuharan Africa (south to northern South Africa) and south Asia”.

 

page 40, Red-chested Goshawk  Accipiter toussenelii

Revise the range description of subspecies toussenelii from “Lower Zaire River basin (s Cameroon to Gabon)” to “lower Congo River basin (southern Cameroon to Gabon)”.

Revise the range description of subspecies canescens from “Upper Zaire River basin” to “upper Congo River basin”.

 

page 40, Chestnut-flanked Sparrowhawk  Accipiter castanilius

Revise the range description from “Dense forests of Nigeria to Zaire River basin” to “Nigeria to the Congo River basin”.

 

page 40, Frances’s Goshawk  Accipiter francesii

Correct the spelling of the species name from francesii to francesiae (David and Dickinson 2013).

Reference:

David, N., and E.C. Dickinson. 2013. Appendix 8: changes in the spellings of scientific names: Vol. 1 in E.C. Dickinson and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors), The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 42, Tiny Hawk  Accipiter superciliosus

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from fontanieri to fontainieri (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 42, Besra  Accipiter virgatus

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from abdulali to abdulalii.

Reference:

Mees, G.F. 1980. The sparrow-hawks (Accipiter) of the Andaman Islands. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 77: 371-412.

 

page 36, Red Kite  Milvus milvus

Revise the range of Red Kite (Cape Verde) (Milvus milvus fasciicauda) from “Cape Verde Islands” to “western Cape Verde Islands (Santo Antão, São Vicente, São Nicolau, Santiago, and Brava); probably extinct on São Vicente, São Nicolau, and Brava, and possibly extinct on Santo Antão and Santiago as well” (Hazevoet 1995, Hille and Collar 2009).

References:

Hazevoet, C.J. 1995. The birds of the Cape Verde Islands: an annotated check-list. British Ornithologists’ Union Check-list number 13. British Ornithologists’ Union, Tring, United Kingdom.

Hille, S.M., and N.J. Collar. 2009. The taxonomic and conservation status of Milvus kites in the Cape Verde archipelago: further (and final?) reflections. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 129: 217-221.

 

page 44, Common Black-Hawk  Buteogallus anthracinus

Common Black-Hawk (Common)  Buteogallus anthracinus anthracinus/utilensis

Common Black-Hawk (Mangrove)  Buteogallus anthracinus [subtilis Group]

Cuban Black-Hawk  Buteogallus gundlachii

Great Black-Hawk  Buteogallus urubitinga

In accord with NACC (Chesser et al. 2014) and SACC (Proposal 515), remove the hypen from “Black-Hawk”, since the species of black hawk do not form a monophyletic group.

Reference:

Chesser, R.T., R.C. Banks, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, A.G. Navarro-Sigüenza, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2014. Fifty-fifth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American Birds. Auk 131 (4): CSi-CSxv.

 

page 46, Red-tailed Hawk  Buteo jamaicensis

The group Red-tailed Hawk (Western) becomes polytypic with the inclusion of subspecies alascensis, which previously was not assigned to a group. Change the scientific name of this group from Buteo jamaicensis calurus to Buteo jamaicensis calurus/alascensis.

Revise the range description of subspecies costaricensis from “Costa Rica” to “Costa Rica and western Panama”.

 

page 46, Mountain Buzzard  Buteo oreophilus

Revise the range description of subspecies trizonatus from “Montane forests of Transvaal and South Africa” to “South Africa (Western Cape and Eastern Cape north to Limpopo)”.

 

page 87, Stanley Bustard  Neotis denhami

Change the English name of Neotis denhami from Stanley Bustard to Denham’s Bustard.

 

page 87, White-bellied Bustard  Eupodotis senegalensis

Revise the range description of subspecies barrowii from “Botswana to Transvaal, Swaziland and e Cape Province” to “central and southeastern Botswana to eastern South Africa and Swaziland”.

 

page 87, Karoo Bustard  Eupodotis vigorsii

Revise the range description of subspecies namaqua from “Arid s Namibia and nw Cape Province” to “southern Namibia and northwestern South Africa”.

Revise the range description of subspecies vigorsii from “Orange Free State to s Cape Province” to “southwestern South Africa”.

 

page 88, Rueppell’s Bustard  Eupodotis rueppellii

Correct the spelling of the species name from rueppellii to rueppelii (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 79, Galapagos Rail  Laterallus spilonotus

Correct the spelling of the species name from spilonotus to spilonota (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 80, Buff-banded Rail  Gallirallus philippensis

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from tounelierie to tounelieri.

Reference:

Schodde, R., and R. de Naurois. 1982. Patterns of variation and dispersal in the Buff-banded Rail (Gallirallus philippensis) in the south-west Pacific, with description of a new subspecies. Notornis 29: 131-142.

 

page 80, Barred Rail  Gallirallus torquatus

Correct a typographic error in the range description for subspecies sulcirostris: change Tabiabu to Taliabu.

 

page 83, Ash-throated Crake  Porzana albicollis

Correct a subspecies name from olivacea to typhoeca (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

 

Page 84, White-browed Crake  Porzana cinerea

Correct a typographic error in the range description: change Oceanea to Oceania.

 

page 85, San Cristobal Moorhen  Gallinula silvestris

Change the English name of Gallinula silvestris from San Cristobal Moorhen to Makira Moorhen. Revise the range description from “Known from a 1929 specimen from San Cristobal I. (Solomon Is.)” to “Makira (Solomon Islands); the only specimen was collected in 1929”.

 

page 77, Sarus Crane  Grus antigone

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from gilliae to gillae (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

 

page 92, Blacksmith Plover   Vanellus armatus

Change the English name of Vanellus armatus from Blacksmith Plover to Blacksmith Lapwing, to conform to names for other species of Vanellus.

 

page 92, Spur-winged Plover  Vanellus spinosus

Change the English name of Vanellus spinosus from Spur-winged Plover to Spur-winged Lapwing, to conform to names for other species of Vanellus.

 

page 92, Black-winged Lapwing  Vanellus melanopterus

Revise the range description of subspecies melanopterus from “Extreme s Sudan to Ethiopia; sw Kenya to central Tanzania” to “resident in extreme southern Sudan, Eritrea, and Ethiopia”.

Revise the range description of subspecies minor from “E Cape Province to ne Transvaal; winters to s Mozambique” to “southwestern Kenya and northwestern Tanzania. Eastern and southern South Africa (Limpopo south to western Kwazulu-Natal, Free State, Eastern Cape and eastern Western Cape); winters on coastal plain north to southern Mozambique”.

 

page 92, Brown-chested Lapwing  Vanellus superciliosus

Revise the range description from “Ghana to Cameroon and Zaire; winters in e Africa” to “range poorly known. breeds from Nigeria east (probably) to northeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo; disperses west to Ghana, south to Cameroon and southern Democratic Republic of the Congo, and east to western Tanzania”.

 

page 98, Common Redshank  Tringa totanus

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from eurhinus to eurhina (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 98, Tuamotu Sandpiper  Prosobonia cancellata

Polynesian sandpipers were extirpated from many islands shortly after their initial discovery by Europeans, and there is little documentation of the appearance or former distribution for most of these species. Many earlier authors used the name cancellata to refer to the extant population on the Tuamotu Archipelago. Here we follow Walters (1993) and Cibois et al. (2012) in restricting the name cancellata to an extinct species. Change the English name of Prosobonia cancellata to Kiritimati Sandpiper, and revise the range from “Isolated islands in Tuamotu Archipelago (French Polynesia)” to “extinct; formerly Kiritimati (Christmas) Island, Line Islands”. The date of extinction is not known; it first, and last, was seen by Europeans in 1768.

Following Walters (1993) and Cibois et al. (2012), the scientific name of Tuamotu Sandpiper changes from Prosobonia cancellata to Prosobonia parvirostris.

Finally, move the genus Prosobonia to a new position immediately following Arenaria (Cibois et al. 2012).

References:

Cibois, A., R.W.R.J. Dekker, E. Pasquet, and J.-C. Thibault. 2012. New insights into the systematics of the enigmatic Polynesian sandpipers Aechmorhynchus parvirostris and Prosobonia leucoptera. Ibis 154: 756-767.

Walters, M. 1993. On the status of the Christmas Island sandpiper, Aechmorhynchus cancellatus. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 113: 97-102.

 

page 700, White-winged Sandpiper  Prosobonia leucoptera

Revise the range from “formerly Society Islands (Tahiti and Moorea). Extinct” to “extinct; formerly Tahiti (Society Islands)”.

 

page 96, Subantarctic Snipe  Coenocorypha aucklandica

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from perseverence to perseverance.

Reference:

Miskelly, C.M, and A.J. Baker. 2009. Description of a new subspecies of Coenocorypha snipe from subantarctic Campbell Island, New Zealand. Notornis 56: 113‐123.

 

page 96, Common Snipe  Gallinago gallinago

Correct a typographic error in the range description: change Sheltand to Shetland.

 

page 75, Red-backed Buttonquail  Turnix maculosus

Correct the spelling of the subspecies name from salamonis to salomonis.

Reference:

Mayr, E. 1938. Birds collected during the Whitney South Sea Expedition. XL. Notes on New Guinea birds. V. American Museum Notivataes number 1007.

 

page 102, Relict Gull  Ichthyaetus relictus

Revise the range description from “Kazakstan to Mongolia; winters to eastern China Sea” to “Breeds from Kazakhstan east to Mongolia and northern China. Winters in eastern Asia, primarily near the East China Sea” (Olsen and Larsson 2003, Brazil 2009).

References:

Brazil, M. 2009. Birds of East Asia. China, Taiwan, Korea, Japan, and Russia. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Olsen, K.M., and H. Larsson. 2003. Gulls of North America, Europe, and Asia. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 103, Gray Noddy  Procelsterna albivitta

Revise the range description of subspecies imitatrix from “Desaventurados Is. off Chile (San Ambrosio and San Félix)” to “breeds San Ambrosio and San Félix, Desventuradas Islands (Chile)”.

 

page 104, Gull-billed Tern  Gelochelidon nilotica

Correct the spelling of a scientific name from arenea to aranea.

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from groenvoldi to gronvoldi (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 106, Great Crested Tern  Thalasseus bergii

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from enigmus to enigma (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

Correct a typographic error in the range description of subspecies thalassinus: change Rodriques to Rodrigues.

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 106, Lesser Crested Tern  Thalasseus bengalensis

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from emigrate to emigratus (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 109, Yellow-throated Sandgrouse  Pterocles gutturalis

Revise the range description of subspecies gutturalis from “S Zambia and Botswana to Transvaal and Cape Province” to “southern Zambia and Botswana to north central South Africa”.

 

page 109, Black-faced Sandgrouse  Pterocles decoratus

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from loverridgei to loveridgei.

Reference:
Friedmann, H. 1928. A new sand grouse and a new courser from Tanganyika Territory. Proceedings of the New England Zoological Club 10: 79-81.

 

page 109, Double-banded Sandgrouse  Pterocles bicinctus

Revise the range description of subspecies multicolor from “Mozambique, Malawi and Zambia to Transvaal” to “Zambia and Malawi south to Mozambique, Zimbabwe, and northeastern South Africa”.

 

page 110, Sao Tome Pigeon  Columba malherbii

Revise the range description from “São Tomé, Príncipe and Pagalu (Gulf of Guinea)” to “São Tomé, Príncipe, and Annobón (Gulf of Guinea)”.

 

page 113, Madagascar Turtle-Dove  Streptopelia picturata

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from copperingi to coppingeri.

 

page 114, Slender-billed Cuckoo-Dove  Macropygia amboinensis

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from huskeri to hueskeri.

 

page 115, Great Cuckoo-Dove  Reinwardtoena reinwardtii

Correct the spelling of the species name from reinwardtii to reinwardti (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 115, Crested Cuckoo-Dove  Reinwardtoena crassirostris

Revise the range description from “Solomon Islands (Bougainville to San Cristobal)” to “Solomon Islands (Bougainville to Makira)”.

 

page 115, Stephan’s Dove  Chalcophaps stephani

Revise the range description from “Solomon Is. (Bougainville to San Cristobal and Santa Anna)” to “Solomon Is. (Bougainville to Makira and Santa Anna)”.

 

page 126, Barred Dove  Geopelia maugei

Correct the spelling of the species name from maugei to maugeus (David et al. 2010).

Reference:

David, N., E.C. Dickinson, and S.M.S. Gregory. 2010. Correct spellings of some pigeon names (Aves: Columbidae) established by Temminck from 1808 to 1811. Zoological Bibliography 1: 9-13.

 

pages 116-120, New World doves  Columbidae, in part

In accord with NACC (Chesser et al. 2014), the sequence of genera within the New World terrestrial doves is revised; this arrangement is based on Banks et al. (2013). The new sequence of genera is as follows:

Columbina

Claravis

Starnoenas

Metriopelia

Uropelia

Geotrygon

Leptotrygon

Leptotila

Zentrygon

Zenaida

References:

Banks, R.C., J.D. Weckstein, J.V. Remsen, Jr., and K.P. Johnson. 2013. Classification of a clade of New World doves (Columbidae: Zenaidini). Zootaxa 3669: 184–188.

Chesser, R.T., R.C. Banks, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, A.G. Navarro-Sigüenza, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2014. Fifty-fifth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American Birds. Auk 131 (4): CSi-CSxv.

 

page 120, Blue-headed Quail-Dove  Starnoenas cyanocephala

In accord with NACC (Chesser et al. 2014), the sequence of species within quail-doves is revised, as is the sequence of genera within the New World terrestrial doves; this arrangement is based on Banks et al. (2013). Blue-headed Quail-Dove (Starnoenas cyanocephala) is positioned immediately following the genus Claravis.

References:

Banks, R.C., J.D. Weckstein, J.V. Remsen, Jr., and K.P. Johnson. 2013. Classification of a clade of New World doves (Columbidae: Zenaidini). Zootaxa 3669: 184–188.

Chesser, R.T., R.C. Banks, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, A.G. Navarro-Sigüenza, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2014. Fifty-fifth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American Birds. Auk 131 (4): CSi-CSxv.

 

pages 119-120, quail-doves  genus Geotrygon

In accord with NACC (Chesser et al. 2014), the sequence of species within Geotrygon quail-doves is revised, as is the sequence of genera within the New World terrestrial doves; this arrangement is based on Banks et al. (2013). See also the entries below regarding the newly recognized genera Leptotrygon and Zentrygon.

The new sequence of species within Geotrygon is as follows:

Purple Quail-Dove  Geotrygon purpurata

Sapphire Quail-Dove  Geotrygon saphirina

Crested Quail-Dove  Geotrygon versicolor

Ruddy Quail-Dove  Geotrygon montana

Violaceous Quail-Dove  Geotrygon violacea

Gray-fronted Quail-Dove  Geotrygon caniceps

White-fronted Quail-Dove  Geotrygon leucometopia

Key West Quail-Dove  Geotrygon chrysia

Bridled Quail-Dove  Geotrygon mystacea

References:

Banks, R.C., J.D. Weckstein, J.V. Remsen, Jr., and K.P. Johnson. 2013. Classification of a clade of New World doves (Columbidae: Zenaidini). Zootaxa 3669: 184–188.

Chesser, R.T., R.C. Banks, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, A.G. Navarro-Sigüenza, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2014. Fifty-fifth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American Birds. Auk 131 (4): CSi-CSxv.

 

page 119, Olive-backed Quail-Dove  Geotrygon veraguensis

In accord with NACC (Chesser et al. 2014), Olive-backed Quail-Dove is removed from the genus Geotrygon and is classified in a new monotypic genus, Leptotrygon; the scientific name for this species changes to Leptotrygon veraguensis. Also, the sequence of species and genera within the New World terrestrial doves is revised. These changes are based on Banks et al. (2013).

References:

Banks, R.C., J.D. Weckstein, J.V. Remsen, Jr., and K.P. Johnson. 2013. Classification of a clade of New World doves (Columbidae: Zenaidini). Zootaxa 3669: 184–188.

Chesser, R.T., R.C. Banks, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, A.G. Navarro-Sigüenza, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2014. Fifty-fifth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American Birds. Auk 131 (4): CSi-CSxv.

 

pages 118-119, genus Leptotila  Columbidae in part

In accord with NACC (Chesser et al. 2014), the sequence of species within doves of the genus Leptotila doves is revised; this arrangement is based on Banks et al. (2013). The new sequence of species within Leptotila is as follows:

White-tipped Dove  Leptotila verreauxi

Caribbean Dove  Leptotila jamaicensis

Gray-chested Dove  Leptotila cassinii

Tolima Dove  Leptotila conoveri

Ochre-bellied Dove  Leptotila ochraceiventris

Gray-headed Dove  Leptotila plumbeiceps

Gray-fronted Dove  Leptotila rufaxilla

Grenada Dove  Leptotila wellsi

Pallid Dove  Leptotila pallida

Large-tailed Dove  Leptotila megalura

References:

Banks, R.C., J.D. Weckstein, J.V. Remsen, Jr., and K.P. Johnson. 2013. Classification of a clade of New World doves (Columbidae: Zenaidini). Zootaxa 3669: 184–188.

Chesser, R.T., R.C. Banks, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, A.G. Navarro-Sigüenza, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2014. Fifty-fifth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American Birds. Auk 131 (4): CSi-CSxv.

 

page 119, Gray-chested Dove  Leptotila cassini

Correct the spelling of the species name from cassini to cassinii (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

pages 119-120, White-faced Quail-Dove  Geotrygon albifacies

Chiriqui Quail-Dove  Geotrygon chiriquensis

Tuxtla Quail-Dove  Geotrygon carrikeri 

Purplish-backed Quail-Dove  Geotrygon lawrencii 

Buff-fronted Quail-Dove  Geotrygon costaricensis

Russet-crowned Quail-Dove  Geotrygon goldmani

Lined Quail-Dove  Geotrygon linearis

White-throated Quail-Dove  Geotrygon frenata

In accord with NACC (Chesser et al. 2014), a group of quail-doves are removed from the genus Geotrygon and are classified in a new genus, Zentrygon. These changes are based on Banks et al. (2013). The new scientific names for these species, and the sequence of species with Zentrygon, is as follows:

Tuxtla Quail-Dove  Zentrygon carrikeri

Buff-fronted Quail-Dove  Zentrygon costaricensis

Purplish-backed Quail-Dove  Zentrygon lawrencii

White-faced Quail-Dove  Zentrygon albifacies

White-throated Quail-Dove  Zentrygon frenata

Lined Quail-Dove  Zentrygon linearis

Chiriqui Quail-Dove  Zentrygon chiriquensis

Russet-crowned Quail-Dove  Zentrygon goldmani

References:

Banks, R.C., J.D. Weckstein, J.V. Remsen, Jr., and K.P. Johnson. 2013. Classification of a clade of New World doves (Columbidae: Zenaidini). Zootaxa 3669: 184–188.

Chesser, R.T., R.C. Banks, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, A.G. Navarro-Sigüenza, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2014. Fifty-fifth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American Birds. Auk 131 (4): CSi-CSxv.

 

page 116, Eared Dove  Zenaida auriculata

Change the name of the subspecies of the Lesser Antilles and northern South America from rubripes to the older available name, stenura (Hellmayr and Conover 1942, Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

Change the name of the subspecies of the Andes of Venezuela and Colombia from ruficauda to the name pentheria (Hellmayr and Conover 1942, Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

Change the name of the subspecies of eastern Bolivia, central Brazil, and eastern Argentina from virgata to the older available name, chrysauchenia (Hellmayr and Conover 1942, Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

References:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

Hellmayr, C. E., and B. Conover. 1942. Catalogue of birds of the Americas. Part I, number 1. Field Museum of Natural History Zoological Series volume 13, part 1, number 1.

 

page 120, Negros Bleeding-heart  Gallicolumba keayi

Revise the range from “Forests of Negros (central Philippines). Status unknown” to “Negros and Panay (central Philippines)” (Klop et al. 1998, Slade et al. 2005).

References:

Klop, E., E. Curio, and Y. de Soye. 1998.  A new population of bleeding-heart pigeon (Gallicolumba sp.) and its conservation relevance on Panay, Philippines. Journal of Ornithology 139: 76-77.

Slade, E.M., J.F. Villanueva, B. Tacud, and E. Curio. 2005. First nesting observtions of the Negros Bleeding-heart Gallicolumba keayi from Panay, Philippines. Forktail 21: 161-163.

 

page 121, Thick-billed Ground-Dove  Gallicolumba salamonis

Revise the range description from “Solomon Islands (Ramos and San Cristobal). Possibly extinct” to “Solomon Islands (Ramos and Maikra). Possibly extinct”.

 

page 121, Bronze Ground-Dove  Gallicolumba beccarii

Revise the range description of subspecies solomonensis from “E Solomon Is. (Guadalcanal, San Cristobal, Santa Ana, Rennell)” to “Solomon Is. (Guadalcanal, Makira, Santa Ana, Rennell)”.

 

page 123, African Green-Pigeon  Treron calvus

Correct the spelling of the scientific name of a subspecies from brevicerus to brevicera (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 125, Red-bellied Fruit-Dove  Ptilinopus greyi

Correct the spelling of the species name from greyii to greyi (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 126, Yellow-bibbed Fruit-Dove  Ptilinopus solomonensis

Revise the range description for subspecies solomonensis from “Solomon Islands (San Cristóbal and Ugi)” to “Solomon Islands (Makira and Ugi)”.

 

page 126, White-headed Fruit-Dove  Ptilinopus eugeniae

Revise the range description from “E Solomon Islands (San Cristóbal, Malaupaina and Ugi)” to “Solomon Islands (Makira, Malaupaina and Ugi)”.

 

page 126, Orange-bellied Fruit-Dove  Ptilinopus iozonus

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from jobiensis to iobiensis (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from finschii to finschi (Mayr 1931).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete

checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

Mayr, E. 1931. Die Võgel des Saruwaged- und Herzoggebirges (NO-Neuguinea). Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin 17: 639-723.

 

page 126, Dwarf Fruit-Dove  Ptilinopus nainus

Correct the spelling of the species name from nanus to nainus (Dickinson 2003).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C. (editor). 2003. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Third edition.Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 127, Velvet Dove  Ptilinopus layardi

Revise the range description from “Fiji (Kandavu and Ono)” to “Fiji (Kadavu and Ono)”.

 

page 127, Green Imperial-Pigeon  Ducula aenea

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from aneothorax to oenothorax.

 

page 128, Chestnut-bellied Imperial-Pigeon  Ducula brenchleyi

Revise the range description from “E Solomon Islands (Guadalcanal, Malaita and San Cristobal)” to “Solomon Islands (Guadalcanal, Malaita and Makira)”.

 

page 151, Knysna Turaco  Tauraco corythaix

Revise the range description of the monotypic group Knysna Turaco (Northern) Tauraco corythaix phoebus from “Humid forests of Transvaal and nw Swaziland” to “northeastern South Africa (Limpopo and Mpumalanga) and northwestern Swaziland”.

Revise the range description of the monotypic group Knysna Turaco (Southern) Tauraco corythaix corythaix from “Natal to w Zululand, s Swaziland and e Cape Province” to “southern Swaziland and southeastern South Africa (Kwazulu-Natal south to eastern Western Cape)”.

 

page 152, Purple-crested Turaco  Tauraco porphyreolophus

Revise the range description of subspecies porphyreolophus from “Zimbabwe and Mozambique to e Transvaal and Natal’ to “Zimbabwe and central Mozambique (south of the Zambezi River) to northeastern South Africa (south to Kwazulu-Natal)”.

 

page 152, Gray Go-away-bird  Corythaixoides concolor

Revise the range description of subspecies bechuanae from “S Angola to ne Namibia, Botswana, s Zambia and w Transvaal” to “southern and southeastern Angola to northeastern Namibia, Botswana, southwestern Zambia, Zimbabwe, and northeastern South Africa”.

Revise the range description of subspecies concolor from “S Malawi and n Mozambique to e Transvaal and e Zululand” to “southern Malawi and northern Mozambique to Swaziland and eastern South Africa (south to Kwazulu-Natal)”.

 

page 152, Thick-billed Cuckoo  Pachycoccyx audeberti

Revise the range description of subspecies validus from “E Zaire to se Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique and e Transvaal” to “eastern Demcratic Republic of the Congo to southeastern Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique and northeastern South Africa”.

 

page 153, Barred Long-tailed Cuckoo  Cercococcyx montanus

Revise the range of subspecies patulus from “Montane forests of Kenya to s Zaire, Zambia and Mozambique” to “incompletely known. Breeds in highlands from Kenya south to Zambia, Zimbabwe, and Mozambique; possibly also breeds in lowlands in Tanzania. Departs highland breeding areas, with at least some of the population migrating west to eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo” (Engel et al. 2014).

Reference:

Engel, J.I., K. Byamana, C. Kahindo, J.M. Bates, and J. Fjeldså. 2014. Genetic structure offers insights into the evolution of migration and the taxonomy of the Barred Long-tailed Cuckoo Cercococcyx montanus species complex. Ibis 156: 330-340.

 

page 153, Banded Bay Cuckoo  Cacomantis sonneratii

Change the scientific name of subspecies schlegeli to the older name fasciolatus (Payne 2005).

Reference:

Payne, R.B. 2005. The cuckoos. Oxford University Press, New York and Oxford, United Kingdom.

 

page 154, White-eared Bronze-Cuckoo  Chrysococcyx meyerii

Correct the spelling of the species name from meyeri to meyerii (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete

checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 154, Little Bronze-Cuckoo  Chrysococcyx minutillus

Delete the entry for Chrysococcyx minutillus ssp., with range “Timor (e Lesser Sundas)”. Revise the range description of subspecies jungei from “Sulawesi, Madu I. and Flores” to “Sulawesi, Madu, Flores, and Timor; the population on Timor may represent an undescribed subspecies”.

 

page 155, African Emerald Cuckoo  Chrysococcyx cupreus

Revise the range description for subspecies insularum from “São Tomé, Príncipe and Pagalu (Gulf of Guinea)” to “São Tomé, Príncipe, and Annobón (Gulf of Guinea)”.

 

page 156, Bornean Ground-Cuckoo  Carpococcyx radiatus

Correct the spelling of the species name from radiatus to radiceus (Dickinson 2003).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C. (editor). 2003. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Third edition.Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 158, Greater Coucal  Centropus sinensis

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from kangeanensis to kangeangensis (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete

checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 158, Green-billed Coucal  Centropus chlororhynchus

Correct the spelling of the species name from chlororhynchus to chlororhynchos (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete

checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 159, Squirrel Cuckoo  Piaya cayana

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from cabinisi to cabanisi.

Reference:

Allen, J.E. 1893. On a collection of birds from Chapada, Matto Grosso, Brazil, made by Mr. H. H. Smith. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 5: 107-158.

 

page 160, Smooth-billed Ani  Crotophaga ani

Revise the range description from “Tropical s US to Brazil, n Argentina and West Indies” to “West Indes, southeastern Mexico (Quintana Roo), and Costa Rica south to western Ecuador and northern Argentina, also the Galápagos Islands; formerly southeastern United States (Florida)”.

 

page 162, Congo Bay-Owl  Phodilus prigoginei

Revise the range description from “Second specimen in 50 years banded in mts. of e Zaire in 1996” to “poorly known; reported only from the Itombwe Mountains and Itombwe Forest, eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo”.

 

pages 162-164, scops-owls  genus Otus

There is no comprehensive phylogeny for the scops-owls (Otus), many species of which are very poorly known. Fully aware that much more needs to be learned about relationships within the genus, and that many further revisions will be needed, we reposition species in the genus to bring together in our linear sequence the clades identified to date by Fuchs et al. (2008) and Pons et al. (2013).

The new sequence of species within Otus is as follows:

White-fronted Scops-Owl  Otus sagittatus

Andaman Scops-Owl  Otus balli

Reddish Scops-Owl  Otus rufescens

Serendib Scops-Owl  Otus thilohoffmanni

Sandy Scops-Owl  Otus icterorhynchus

Sokoke Scops-Owl  Otus ireneae

Flores Scops-Owl  Otus alfredi

OMountain Scops-Owl  Otus spilocephalus

Rajah Scops-Owl  Otus brookii

Javan Scops-Owl  Otus angelinae

Mentawai Scops-Owl  Otus mentawi

Indian Scops-Owl  Otus bakkamoena

Collared Scops-Owl  Otus lettia

Giant Scops-Owl  Otus gurneyi

Sunda Scops-Owl  Otus lempiji

Japanese Scops-Owl  Otus semitorques

Wallace’s Scops-Owl  Otus silvicola

Palawan Scops-Owl  Otus fuliginosus

Philippine Scops-Owl  Otus megalotis

Everett’s Scops-Owl  Otus everetti

Negros Scops-Owl  Otus nigrorum

Mindoro Scops-Owl  Otus mindorensis

Moluccan Scops-Owl  Otus magicus

Rinjani Scops-Owl  Otus jolandae

Mantanani Scops-Owl  Otus mantananensis

Ryukyu Scops-Owl  Otus elegans

Sulawesi Scops-Owl  Otus manadensis

Sangihe Scops-Owl  Otus collari

Biak Scops-Owl  Otus beccarii

Simeulue Scops-Owl  Otus umbra

Enggano Scops-Owl  Otus enganensis

Nicobar Scops-Owl  Otus alius

Arabian Scops-Owl  Otus pamelae

European Scops-Owl  Otus scops

Pemba Scops-Owl  Otus pembaensis

Sao Tome Scops-Owl  Otus hartlaubi

African Scops-Owl  Otus senegalensis

Pallid Scops-Owl  Otus brucei

Mindanao Scops-Owl  Otus mirus

Luzon Scops-Owl  Otus longicornis

Moheli Scops-Owl  Otus moheliensis

Comoro Scops-Owl  Otus pauliani

Seychelles Scops-Owl  Otus insularis

Oriental Scops-Owl  Otus sunia

Socotra Scops-Owl  Otus socotranus

Anjouan Scops-Owl  Otus capnodes

Mayotte Scops-Owl  Otus mayottensis

Malagasy Scops-Owl  Otus rutilus

Torotoroka Scops-Owl  Otus madagascariensis

References:

Fuchs, J., J.-M. Pons, S.M. Goodman, V. Bretagnolle, M. Melo, R.C.K. Bowie, D. Currie, R. Safford, M.Z. Virani,, S. Thomsett, A. Hija, C. Cruaud, and E. Pasquet. 2008. Tracing the colonization history of the Indian Ocean scops-owls (Strigiformes: Otus) with further insight into the spatio-temporal origin of the Malagasy avifauna. BMC Evolutionary Biology 8: 197.

Pons, J.-M., G.M. Kirwan, R.F. Porter, and J. Fuchs. 2013. A reappraisal of the systematic affinities of Socotran, Arabian and East African scops owls (Otus, Strigidae) using a combination of molecular, biometric and acoustic data. Ibis 155: 518–533.

 

page 165, Western Screech-Owl  Megascops kennicottii

Change the English name of the monotypic group Megascops kennicottii suttoni from Western Screech-Owl (North Mexico to Big Bend) to Western Screech-Owl (Sutton’s).

 

page 165, Tropical Screech-Owl  Megascops choliba

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from uruguaiensis to uruguaii (David et al. 2009).

Reference:

David, N., E.C. Dickinson, and S.M.S. Gregory. 2009. Contributions to a list of first reviser actions: ornithology. Zootaxa 2085: 1-24.

 

page 166, White-throated Screech-Owl  Megascops albogularis

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from macabrum to macabrus (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete

checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 166, Palau Owl  Pyrroglaux podarginus

Correct the spelling of the species name from podarginus to podargina (Peters 1940, Dickinson 2003).

References:

Dickinson, E.C. (editor). 2003. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Third edition.Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Peters, J.L. 1940. Check-list of birds of the world. Volume IV. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

 

page 166, Southern White-faced Owl  Ptilopsis granti

Revise the range description from “SE Gabon to s Zaire, sw Kenya, Namibia and n Cape Province” to “southeastern Gabon, southern Democratic Republic of the Congo, southern Uganda, and southwestern Kenya south to Namibia, northern and central South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland, and Mozambique”.

 

page 167, Spotted Eagle-Owl  Bubo africanus

Revise the range description for the nominate subspecies (africanus) from “Gabon to Zaire, s Uganda, central Kenya and s to the Cape” to “Gabon, southern Democratic Republic of the Congo, southern Uganda, and central Kenya south to southern South Africa”.

 

page 168, Brown Fish-Owl  Ketupa zeylonensis

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from leschenaultii to leschenaulti (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete

checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 172, Asian Barred Owlet  Glaucidium cuculoides

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from whitelyi to whiteleyi (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete

checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 172, Chestnut-backed Owlet  Glaucidium castanonotum

Correct the spelling of the species name from castanonotum to castanotum (Dickinson et al. 2009).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., C. Jones, and N. David. 2009. The correct spelling, date and citation for the Chestnut-backed Owlet of Sri Lanka. Indian Birds 5: 52-53.

 

page 173, Spotted Owlet  Athene brama

Revise the range description of subspecies pulchra from “Myanmar, extreme sw China, s Laos, Cambodia and s Vietnam” to “Myanmar, extreme southern China (southern Yunnan), Thailand (except peninsular Thailand), southern Laos, Cambodia, and southwestern Vietnam”.

 

page 169, Himalayan Owl  Strix nivicola

Correct the spelling of the species name from nivicola to nivicolum (David and Dickinson 2013).

Reference:

David, N., and E.C. Dickinson. 2013. Appendix 8: changes in the spellings of scientific names: Vol. 1 in E.C. Dickinson and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors), The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 174, Chocolate Boobook  Ninox randi

Correct a typographic error in the range description: change Archipelado to Archipelago.

 

page 175, Solomons Boobook  Ninox jacquinoti

Revise the range description of subspecies roseoaxillaris from “S Solomon Islands (Bauro and San Cristóbal)” to “southern Solomon Islands (Bauro and Makira)”.

 

page 177, Blyth’s Frogmouth  Batrachostomus affinis

Revise the range of the monotypic group Blyth’s Frogmouth (Blyth’s) (Batrachostomus affinis affinis) from “SE peninsular Thailand to Sumatra, Borneo and Palawan” to “southeastern peninsular Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, and Borneo”.

 

page 178, Common Nighthawk  Chordeiles minor

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from asserriensis to aserriensis (Cherrie 1896)

Add a previously overlooked subspecies, neotropicalis Selander and Alvarez del Toro 1955, with range “breeds eastern and southern Mexico (Tamaulipas south to central Guerrero and to Chiapas); winter range undocumented, presumably Amazonia”; insert this subspecies immediately following the entry for Chordeiles minor chapmani.

References:

Cherrie, G.K. 1896. An apparently new Chordeiles from Costa Rica. Auk 13: 135-136.

Selander, R.K., and M. Alvarez del Toro. 1955. A new race of Booming Nighthawk from southern Mexico. Condor 57: 144-147.

 

page 180, Band-winged Nightjar  Systellura longirostris

Subspecies roraimae is removed from the polytypic group Band-winged Nightjar (Band-winged) Systellura longirostris [longirostris Group], and becomes a new monotypic group Band-winged Nightjar (Tepui) Systellura longirostris roraimae.

The name Systellura is feminine (Dickinson and Remsen 2013); as a result:

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from atripunctatus to atripunctata.

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from bifasciatus to bifasciata.

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from patagonicus to patagonica.

Change the English name of the monotypic group Systellura longirostris decussatus from Band-winged Nightjar (decussatus) to Band-winged Nightjar (Tschudi’s).

 

page 181, Todd’s Nightjar  Setopagis heterurus

Correct the spelling of the scientific name of Todd’s Nightjar from Setopagis heterurus to Setopagis heterura, following Dickinson and Remsen (2013).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete

checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 181, Little Nightjar  Setopagis parvulus

Correct the spelling of the scientific name of Little Nightjar from Setopagis parvulus to Setopagis parvula, following Dickinson and Remsen (2013).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete

checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 181, Cayenne Nightjar  Setopagis maculosus

Correct the spelling of the scientific name of Cayenne Nightjar from Setopagis maculosus to Setopagis maculosa, following Dickinson and Remsen (2013).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete

checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 181, White-tailed Nightjar  Hydropsalis cayennensis

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from apertus to aperta.

 

page 182, Fiery-necked Nightjar  Caprimulgus pectoralis

Revise the range description of the nominate subspecies (pectoralis) from “S Transvaal, Natal and Cape Province” to “southern South Africa (from western Northern Cape to Kwazulu-Natal and Mpumalanga)”.

 

page 183, Freckled Nightjar  Caprimulgus tristigma

Revise the range description of subspecies granosus from “SE Zaire to Zambia, s Tanzania and e Cape Province” to “southeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo to southern Tanzania, south to Zambia and eastern South Africa”.

 

page 183, Itombwe Nightjar  Caprimulgus prigoginei

Revise the range description from “Single 1955 specimen from e Zaire (Itombwe Forest)” to “known with certainty only from eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (Itombwe Mountains)”.

 

page 183, Square-tailed Nightjar  Caprimulgus fossii

Revise the range description of subspecies welwitschii from “S Zaire to Angola, Natal; Zanzibar and Pemba I.” to “southern Democratic Republic of the Congo to Angola and eastern South Africa (Kwazulu-Natal); Zanzibar and Pemba islands”.

 

page 178, Northern Potoo  Nyctibius jamaicensis

Revise the range description of subspecies costaricensis from “Pacific slope of Nicaragua, Costa Rica and adj. w Panama” to “northwestern and central Costa Rica; presumably also the Pacific slope of Nicaragua”.

 

page 188, Chimney Swift  Chaetura pelagica

Revise the range description from “E North America; winters to Brazil and n Chile” to “breeds eastern North America; winters in coastal Peru and northern Chile, in Amazonian Peru, and probably in western Brazil”.

 

page 185, Glossy Swiftlet  Collocalia esculenta

Revise the range description of subspecies makirensis from “San Cristóbal I. (se Solomon Islands)” to “Makira (Solomon Islands)”.

 

page 144, Palawan Swiftlet  Aerodramus palawanensis

Subspecies amelis, previously classified as a subspecies of Uniform Swiftlet (Aerodramus vanikorensis), properly belongs with Palawan Swiftlet (Aerodramus palawanensis). As amelis is an older scientific name, change the scientific name for this Philippine species to Aerodramus amelis, and change the English name to Ameline Swiftlet.

 

page 187, Schouteden’s Swift  Schoutedenapus schoutedeni

Revise the range description from “Known from five specimens (1956-59) from e Zaire” to “poorly known; reported with certainty from eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (near the Itombwe Mountains)”.

 

page 190, African Swift  Apus barbatus

Change the English name of the monotypic group Apus barbatus sladeniae from African Swift (Fernando Po) to African Swift (Bioko).

 

page 191, Moustached Treeswift  Hemiprocne mystacea

Revise the range description of subspecies carbonaria from “San Cristóbal (Solomon Islands)” to “Makira (Solomon Islands)”.

 

page 192, Long-billed Hermit  Phaethornis longirostris

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from sussurus to susurrus (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete

checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page (addition 2010), Tapajos Hermit  Phaethornis aethopyga

Correct the spelling of the species name from aethopyga to aethopygus (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete

checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 193, Sooty-capped Hermit  Phaethornis augusti

Revise the range description of subspecies incanescens from “Tepuis of se Venezuela and adjacent Guyana” to “tepuis of southeastern Venezuela, and adjacent Guyana and northern Brazil”.

 

page 200, Green-tailed Goldenthroat  Polytmus theresiae

Revise the range description for subspecies leucorrhous from “Savanna of Colombia to s Venezuela, nw Brazil and e Peru” to “savanna of Colombia to southern Venezuela and northwestern; also locally in eastern Peru (Loreto, Madre de Dios) and locally in northwestern Bolivia (La Paz, Beni)”.

 

page 209, Long-tailed Sylph  Aglaiocercus kingi

Correct the spelling of the scientific name of Long-tailed Sylph from Aglaiocercus kingi to Aglaiocercus kingii, following Dickinson and Remsen (2013).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete

checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 208, Red-tailed Comet  Sappho sparganura

Correct the spelling of the scientific name of Red-tailed Comet from Sappho sparganura to Sappho sparganurus, following Dickinson and Remsen (2013).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete

checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 204, Ecuadorian Hillstar  Oreotrochilus chimborazo

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from jamesoni to jamesonii.

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from soderstroemi to soderstromi.

 

page 208, Viridian Metaltail  Metallura williami

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from primolinus to primolina (Dickinson and Remsen 2013.

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete

checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 207, Greenish Puffleg  Haplophaedia aureliae

Revise the range description for subspecies cutucuensis from “Mts. of e Ecuador (Cordillera de Cutucú)” to “east slope of the Andes of southeastern Ecuador (Cordillera de Cutucú and Cordillera del Condor) and northern Peru (south to Abra Patricia, Amazonas/San Martín border)”.

 

page 207, Buff-thighed Puffleg  Haplophaedia assimilis

Revise the range description for subspecies affinis from “Eastern Andes of n and central Peru” to “east slope of the Andes of northern and central Peru (southeastern Amazonas south to Huánuco)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies assimilis from “Andes of se Peru (Puno) and w Bolivia” to “east slope of the Andes of southern Peru and Bolivia (Cuzco south to Cochabamba)”.

 

page 206, Glowing Puffleg  Eriocnemis vestita

Correct the spelling of the subspecies name from arcosi to arcosae (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

 

page 204, Pink-throated Brilliant  Heliodoxa gularis

Revise the range description from “Trop. s Colombia to ne Ecuador, ne Peru and extreme nw Brazil” to “lower east slope of the Andes from southern Colombia to northern Peru”.

 

page 204, Green-crowned Brilliant  Heliodoxa jacula

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from jamesoni to jamersoni (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete

checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 210, Vervain Hummingbird  Mellisuga minima

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from vieilloti to vielloti (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete

checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 197, Western Emerald  Chlorostilbon melanorhynchus

Correct a typographic error in the range description of Chlorostilbon melanorhynchus melanorhynchus: change Ecaudor to Ecuador.

 

page 197, Blue-chinned Sapphire  Chlorestes notata

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from obsoletus to obsoleta.

 

page 196, Violet-headed Hummingbird  Klais guimeti

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from merritti to merrittii.

Revise the range description of nominate guimeti from “E Colombia to Venezuela, Brazil, e Ecuador and n Peru” to “coastal ranges and Andes of Venezuela south along east slope of Andes of Colombia and Ecuador to northern Peru”.

 

page 200, Many-spotted Hummingbird  Taphrospilus hypostictus

Revise the range description from “Andes of e Ecuador to se Bolivia and nw Argentina; sw Brazil” to “east slope of the Andes from Ecuador to southern Bolivia and northwestern Argentina”.

 

page 200, Spot-throated Hummingbird  Leucippus taczanowskii

Revise the range description from “W slope of Central Andes of n and central Peru” to “northern Peru (west slope of Western Andes, and middle and upper Marañón Valley) and extreme southern Ecuador (Zamora-Chinchipe)”.

 

page 200, White-bellied Hummingbird  Amazilia chionogaster

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from hypoleucus to hypoleuca.

 

page 200, Amazilia Hummingbird  Amazilia amazilia

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from leucophaea to leucophoea (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete

checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 200, Versicolored Emerald  Amazilia versicolor

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from kubtcheki to kubtchecki.

 

page 211, Speckled Mousebird  Colius striatus

Revise the range description of subspecies minor from “Natal to sw Zululand, Swaziland, e and n Transvaal” to “eastern South Africa (south to Kwazulu-Natal), Swaziland, and extreme southern Mozambique”.

Revise the range description of subspecies integralis from “E Transvaal to Zululand, s Mozambique and se Zimbabwe” to “southeastern Zimbabwe, northeastern South Africa, and southern Mozambique (south to Delagoa Bay)”.

 

page 213, Gartered Trogon  Trogon caligatus

Change the scientific name of a subspecies from braccatus to the older name available sallaei (Browning et al. 1991).

Reference:

Browning, M.R., C. Erard, and H. Schifter. 1991. The nomenclatural status of Trogon leverianus Shaw, 1792, and Trogon sallaei Bonaparte, 1856. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 111: 41-44.

 

page 212, Narina Trogon  Apaloderma narina

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from littoralis to littorale (David and Gosselin 2002).

Reference:

David, N., and M. Gosselin. 2002. The grammatical gender of avian genera. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 122: 257-282.

 

page 215, Common Kingfisher  Alcedo atthis

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from solomonensis to salomonensis. Revise the range description of salomonensis from “Bougainville and Solomon Islands (east to San Cristóbal)” to “Solomon Islands (Bougainville to Makira)”.

 

page 217, Variable Dwarf-Kingfisher  Ceyx lepidus

Revise the range description of subspecies collectoris from “Solomon Is. (Choiseul, Vellalavella, New Georgia and Rendova)” to “Solomon Islands (New Georgia group)”.

Revise the range description of subspecies gentianus from “San Cristóbal (e Solomon Islands)” to “Makira (Solomon Islands)”.

 

page 217, Madagascar Pygmy-Kingfisher  Corythornis madagascariensis

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from diluta to dilutus.

 

page 217, African Pygmy-Kingfisher  Ispidina picta

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from ferruginea to ferrugina (Dickinson 2003, Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

References:

Dickinson, E.C. (editor). 2003. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Third edition.Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete

checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 217, Dwarf Kingfisher  Ispidina lecontei

In recognition of another species of dwarf kingfisher (in the genus Ceyx), add the modifier “African” to change the English name of Ispidina lecontei from Dwarf Kingfisher to African Dwarf Kingfisher.

 

page 218, Blue-winged Kookaburra  Dacelo leachii

Subspecies superflua, with range “SW Irian Jaya (Mimika River to Merauke District)”, is merged with subspecies intermedia (Woodall 2001). Revise the range description of intermedia from “S New Guinea (Amazon Bay to Bensbach River)” to “southern New Guinea (Mimika River to Amazon Bay)”.

Replace the subspecies name cliftoni Mathews 1912 with the older name occidentalis Gould 1870.

Subspecies kempi, with range “Islands in Torres Strait and ne Australia”, is merged with nominate leachii (Woodall 2001). Revise the range description of subspecies leachii from “NWAustralia (Kimberley Division) to se Queensland)” to “northern Australia, from northern Western Australia east to southeastern Queensland”.

Reference:

Woodall, P.F. 2001. Family Alcedinidae (kingfishers). Pages 130-2149 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and J. Sargatal (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 6. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

page 218, Stork-billed Kingfisher  Pelargopsis capensis

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from inominata to innominata.

 

page 219, Brown-hooded Kingfisher  Halcyon albiventris

Revise the range description of subspecies albiventris from “Southwest Cape Province to Natal; winters to se Zimbabwe” to “southern South Africa; some wintering north to southeastern Zimbabwe. Intergrades with vociferans in KwaZulu Natal”.

Revise the range description of subspecies vociferans from “E Botswana to s Natal, s Mozambique and Orange Free State” to “eastern Botswana to southern Mozambique, south to central and eastern South Africa”.

 

page 220, Forest Kingfisher  Todiramphus macleayii

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from elizabeth to elisabeth (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete

checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 221, Collared Kingfisher  Todiramphus chloris

Revise the range description of subspecies solomonis from “Solomon Islands (Uki Ni Masi, San Cristóbal and Santa Anna)” to “Solomon Islands (Uki Ni Masi, Makira, and Santa Anna)”.

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from melanoderus to melanodera (Dickinson 2003, Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

References:

Dickinson, E.C. (editor). 2003. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Third edition.Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete

checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 221, Sacred Kingfisher  Todiramphus sanctus

Revise the range description of subspecies eximius from “Fiji (Kandavu, Ono and Vanua Kula)” to “Fiji (Kadavu, Ono and Vanua Kula)”.

 

page 223, Buff-breasted Paradise-Kingfisher  Tanysiptera sylvia

Subspecies leucura belongs in the group Buff-breasted Paradise-Kingfisher (Black-capped), not with the group Buff-breasted Paradise-Kingfisher (Buff-breasted).  Revise the scientific name of the polytypic group Buff-breasted Paradise-Kingfisher (Buff-breasted) from Tanysiptera sylvia [sylvia Group] to Tanysiptera sylvia sylvia/salvadoriana. Revise the scientific name of the group Buff-breasted Paradise-Kingfisher (Black-capped) from Tanysiptera sylvia nigriceps to Tanysiptera sylvia nigriceps/leucura.

 

page 223, Giant Kingfisher  Megaceryle maximus

Correct the spelling of the species name from maximus to maxima, to conform to the gender of the genus name (Dickinson 2003).

Correct the spelling of the subspecies names from maximus to maxima, and from giganteus to gigantea, to conform to the gender of the genus name (Dickinson 2003).

References:

Dickinson, E.C. (editor). 2003. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Third edition.Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 223, Crested Kingfisher  Megaceryle lugubris

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from guttulatus to guttulata.

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from pallidus to pallida.

 

page 223, Ringed Kingfisher  Megaceryle torquata

Revise the range description of subspecies stictipennis from “Lesser Antilles (Guadeloupe, Martinique, Dominica, Grenada)” to “Lesser Antilles (Guadeloupe, Martinique, Dominica)”; this subspecies is not known from Grenada.

 

page 225, Little Bee-eater  Merops pusillus

Revise the range description of subspecies meridionalis from “Congo basin to e Zaire, Uganda and w Kenya south to Natal” to “Congo basin to eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, and western Kenya south to eastern South Africa (Kwazulu-Natal)”.

 

page 225, Swallow-tailed Bee-eater  Merops hirundineus

Revise the range description of nominate hirundineus from “Angola and Namibia to Orange R., Transvaal and Zimbabwe” to “Angola and Namibia to Zimbabwe and northern South Africa”.

 

page 227, Broad-billed Roller  Eurystomus glaucurus

Revise the range description of subspecies suahelicus from “S Somalia to central Zaire, ne Zambia, Angola and Natal” to “central Democratic Republic of the Congo to southern Somalia, Angola, northeastern Zambia, and eastern South Africa (to Kwazulu-Natal)”.

 

page 228, Eurasian Hoopoe  Upupa epops

Revise the range description of the monotypic group Eurasian Hoopoe (African) Upupa epops africana from “S Zaire to Uganda, Kenya and Cape Province” to “southern Democratic Republic of the Congo to Uganda and Kenya, south to South Africa”.

 

page 229, Common Scimitar-bill  Rhinopomastus cyanomelas

Revise the range description of nominate cyanomelas from “Angola and Namibia to Transvaal” to “Angola and Namibia east to northeastern South Africa”.

Revise the range description of subspecies schalowi from “Somalia to Zambia and w Natal” to “western Uganda east to southern Somalia, south to eastern South Africa (western Kwazulu-Natal)”.

 

page 231, ground-hornbills  Bucorvidae

Reposition Bucorvidae (Ground-Hornbills) to immediately precede Bucerotidae (Hornbills).

 

page 233, Spotted Puffbird  Bucco tamatia

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from hypneleus to hypnaleus (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete

checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 232, Brown Jacamar  Brachygalba lugubris

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from naumburgi to naumburgae (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

 

page 237, Black-collared Barbet  Lybius torquatus

Revise the range description of nominate torquatus from “SE Botswana to e Cape Province, Swaziland and Transvaal” to “southeastern Botswana, eastern South Africa, and Swaziland”.

 

page 239, Malabar Barbet  Megalaima malabarica

The genus Psilopogon is embedded within the genus Megalaima (Moyle 2004, Den Tex and Leonard 2013); as Psilopogon is the older name, all species of Megalaima are transferred to Psilopogon. The scientific name of Malabar Barbet changes from Megalaima malabarica to Psilopogon malabaricus.

References:

Moyle, R.G. 2004. Phylogenetics of barbets (Aves: Piciformes) based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30: 187-200.

Den Tex, R.-J., and J.A. Leonard. 2013. A molecular phylogeny of Asian barbets: speciation and extinction in the tropics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68: 1-13.

 

page 239, Crimson-fronted Barbet  Megalaima rubricapillus

The genus Psilopogon is embedded within the genus Megalaima (Moyle 2004, Den Tex and Leonard 2013); as Psilopogon is the older name, all species of Megalaima are transferred to Psilopogon. The scientific name of Crimson-fronted Barbet changes from Megalaima rubricapillus to Psilopogon rubricapillus.

References:

Moyle, R.G. 2004. Phylogenetics of barbets (Aves: Piciformes) based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30: 187-200.

Den Tex, R.-J., and J.A. Leonard. 2013. A molecular phylogeny of Asian barbets: speciation and extinction in the tropics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68: 1-13.

 

page 239, Coppersmith Barbet  Megalaima haemacephala

The genus Psilopogon is embedded within the genus Megalaima (Moyle 2004, Den Tex and Leonard 2013); as Psilopogon is the older name, all species of Megalaima are transferred to Psilopogon. The scientific name of Coppersmith Barbet changes from Megalaima haemacephala to Psilopogon haemacephalus.

Change the spelling of the subspecies name indica to indicus.

Change the spelling of the subspecies name delica to delicus.

Change the spelling of the subspecies name rosea to roseus.

Change the spelling of the subspecies name haemacephala to haemacephalus.

Change the spelling of the subspecies name intermedia to intermedius.

References:

Moyle, R.G. 2004. Phylogenetics of barbets (Aves: Piciformes) based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30: 187-200.

Den Tex, R.-J., and J.A. Leonard. 2013. A molecular phylogeny of Asian barbets: speciation and extinction in the tropics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68: 1-13.

 

page 239, Bornean Barbet  Megalaima eximia

The genus Psilopogon is embedded within the genus Megalaima (Moyle 2004, Den Tex and Leonard 2013); as Psilopogon is the older name, all species of Megalaima are transferred to Psilopogon. The scientific name of Bornean Barbet changes from Megalaima eximia to Psilopogon eximius.

References:

Moyle, R.G. 2004. Phylogenetics of barbets (Aves: Piciformes) based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30: 187-200.

Den Tex, R.-J., and J.A. Leonard. 2013. A molecular phylogeny of Asian barbets: speciation and extinction in the tropics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68: 1-13.

 

page 238, Great Barbet  Megalaima virens

The genus Psilopogon is embedded within the genus Megalaima (Moyle 2004, Den Tex and Leonard 2013); as Psilopogon is the older name, all species of Megalaima are transferred to Psilopogon. The scientific name of Great Barbet changes from Megalaima virens to Psilopogon virens.

References:

Moyle, R.G. 2004. Phylogenetics of barbets (Aves: Piciformes) based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30: 187-200.

Den Tex, R.-J., and J.A. Leonard. 2013. A molecular phylogeny of Asian barbets: speciation and extinction in the tropics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68: 1-13.

 

page 238, Red-vented Barbet  Megalaima lagrandieri

The genus Psilopogon is embedded within the genus Megalaima (Moyle 2004, Den Tex and Leonard 2013); as Psilopogon is the older name, all species of Megalaima are transferred to Psilopogon. The scientific name of Red-vented Barbet changes from Megalaima lagrandieri to Psilopogon lagrandieri.

References:

Moyle, R.G. 2004. Phylogenetics of barbets (Aves: Piciformes) based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30: 187-200.

Den Tex, R.-J., and J.A. Leonard. 2013. A molecular phylogeny of Asian barbets: speciation and extinction in the tropics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68: 1-13.

 

page 238, Red-crowned Barbet  Megalaima rafflesii

The genus Psilopogon is embedded within the genus Megalaima (Moyle 2004, Den Tex and Leonard 2013); as Psilopogon is the older name, all species of Megalaima are transferred to Psilopogon. The scientific name of Red-crowned Barbet changes from Megalaima rafflesii to Psilopogon rafflesii.

References:

Moyle, R.G. 2004. Phylogenetics of barbets (Aves: Piciformes) based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30: 187-200.

Den Tex, R.-J., and J.A. Leonard. 2013. A molecular phylogeny of Asian barbets: speciation and extinction in the tropics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68: 1-13.

 

page 238, Red-throated Barbet  Megalaima mystacophanos

The genus Psilopogon is embedded within the genus Megalaima (Moyle 2004, Den Tex and Leonard 2013); as Psilopogon is the older name, all species of Megalaima are transferred to Psilopogon. The scientific name of Red-throated Barbet changes from Megalaima mystacophanos to Psilopogon mystacophanos. Also, change the spelling of the subspecies name ampala to ampalus.

References:

Moyle, R.G. 2004. Phylogenetics of barbets (Aves: Piciformes) based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30: 187-200.

Den Tex, R.-J., and J.A. Leonard. 2013. A molecular phylogeny of Asian barbets: speciation and extinction in the tropics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68: 1-13.

 

page 238, Black-banded Barbet  Megalaima javensis

The genus Psilopogon is embedded within the genus Megalaima (Moyle 2004, Den Tex and Leonard 2013); as Psilopogon is the older name, all species of Megalaima are transferred to Psilopogon. The scientific name of Black-banded Barbet changes from Megalaima javensis to Psilopogon javensis.

References:

Moyle, R.G. 2004. Phylogenetics of barbets (Aves: Piciformes) based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30: 187-200.

Den Tex, R.-J., and J.A. Leonard. 2013. A molecular phylogeny of Asian barbets: speciation and extinction in the tropics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68: 1-13.

 

page 239, Golden-naped Barbet  Megalaima pulcherrima

The genus Psilopogon is embedded within the genus Megalaima (Moyle 2004, Den Tex and Leonard 2013); as Psilopogon is the older name, all species of Megalaima are transferred to Psilopogon. The scientific name of Golden-naped Barbet changes from Megalaima pulcherrima to Psilopogon pulcherrimus.

References:

Moyle, R.G. 2004. Phylogenetics of barbets (Aves: Piciformes) based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30: 187-200.

Den Tex, R.-J., and J.A. Leonard. 2013. A molecular phylogeny of Asian barbets: speciation and extinction in the tropics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68: 1-13.

 

page 239, Yellow-crowned Barbet  Megalaima henricii

The genus Psilopogon is embedded within the genus Megalaima (Moyle 2004, Den Tex and Leonard 2013); as Psilopogon is the older name, all species of Megalaima are transferred to Psilopogon. The scientific name of Yellow-crowned Barbet changes from Megalaima henricii to Psilopogon henricii. Also, change the spelling of the subspecies name brachyrhyncha to brachyrhynchus.

References:

Moyle, R.G. 2004. Phylogenetics of barbets (Aves: Piciformes) based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30: 187-200.

Den Tex, R.-J., and J.A. Leonard. 2013. A molecular phylogeny of Asian barbets: speciation and extinction in the tropics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68: 1-13.

 

page 239, Flame-fronted Barbet  Megalaima armillaris

The genus Psilopogon is embedded within the genus Megalaima (Moyle 2004, Den Tex and Leonard 2013); as Psilopogon is the older name, all species of Megalaima are transferred to Psilopogon. The scientific name of Flame-fronted Barbet changes from Megalaima armillaris to Psilopogon armillaris.

References:

Moyle, R.G. 2004. Phylogenetics of barbets (Aves: Piciformes) based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30: 187-200.

Den Tex, R.-J., and J.A. Leonard. 2013. A molecular phylogeny of Asian barbets: speciation and extinction in the tropics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68: 1-13.

 

page 238, Green-eared Barbet  Megalaima faiostricta

The genus Psilopogon is embedded within the genus Megalaima (Moyle 2004, Den Tex and Leonard 2013); as Psilopogon is the older name, all species of Megalaima are transferred to Psilopogon. The scientific name of Green-eared Barbet changes from Megalaima faiostricta to Psilopogon faiostrictus. Also, change the spelling of the subspecies name praetermissa to praetermissus.

References:

Moyle, R.G. 2004. Phylogenetics of barbets (Aves: Piciformes) based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30: 187-200.

Den Tex, R.-J., and J.A. Leonard. 2013. A molecular phylogeny of Asian barbets: speciation and extinction in the tropics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68: 1-13.

 

page 238, Lineated Barbet Megalaima lineata

The genus Psilopogon is embedded within the genus Megalaima (Moyle 2004, Den Tex and Leonard 2013); as Psilopogon is the older name, all species of Megalaima are transferred to Psilopogon. The scientific name of Lineated Barbet changes from Megalaima lineata to Psilopogon lineatus.

References:

Moyle, R.G. 2004. Phylogenetics of barbets (Aves: Piciformes) based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30: 187-200.

Den Tex, R.-J., and J.A. Leonard. 2013. A molecular phylogeny of Asian barbets: speciation and extinction in the tropics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68: 1-13.

 

page 238, Brown-headed Barbet  Megalaima zeylanica

The genus Psilopogon is embedded within the genus Megalaima (Moyle 2004, Den Tex and Leonard 2013); as Psilopogon is the older name, all species of Megalaima are transferred to Psilopogon. The scientific name of Brown-headed Barbet changes from Megalaima zeylanica to Psilopogon zeylanicus. Also, change the spelling of a subspecies name from inornata to inornatus.

References:

Moyle, R.G. 2004. Phylogenetics of barbets (Aves: Piciformes) based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30: 187-200.

Den Tex, R.-J., and J.A. Leonard. 2013. A molecular phylogeny of Asian barbets: speciation and extinction in the tropics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68: 1-13.

 

page 238, White-cheeked Barbet  Megalaima viridis

The genus Psilopogon is embedded within the genus Megalaima (Moyle 2004, Den Tex and Leonard 2013); as Psilopogon is the older name, all species of Megalaima are transferred to Psilopogon. The scientific name of White-cheeked Barbet changes from Megalaima viridis to Psilopogon viridis.

References:

Moyle, R.G. 2004. Phylogenetics of barbets (Aves: Piciformes) based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30: 187-200.

Den Tex, R.-J., and J.A. Leonard. 2013. A molecular phylogeny of Asian barbets: speciation and extinction in the tropics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68: 1-13.

 

page 238, Yellow-fronted Barbet  Megalaima flavifrons

The genus Psilopogon is embedded within the genus Megalaima (Moyle 2004, Den Tex and Leonard 2013); as Psilopogon is the older name, all species of Megalaima are transferred to Psilopogon. The scientific name of Yellow-fronted Barbet changes from Megalaima flavifrons to Psilopogon flavifrons.

References:

Moyle, R.G. 2004. Phylogenetics of barbets (Aves: Piciformes) based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30: 187-200.

Den Tex, R.-J., and J.A. Leonard. 2013. A molecular phylogeny of Asian barbets: speciation and extinction in the tropics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68: 1-13.

 

page 239, Golden-throated Barbet  Megalaima franklinii

The genus Psilopogon is embedded within the genus Megalaima (Moyle 2004, Den Tex and Leonard 2013); as Psilopogon is the older name, all species of Megalaima are transferred to Psilopogon. The scientific name of Golden-throated Barbet changes from Megalaima franklinii to Psilopogon franklinii.

References:

Moyle, R.G. 2004. Phylogenetics of barbets (Aves: Piciformes) based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30: 187-200.

Den Tex, R.-J., and J.A. Leonard. 2013. A molecular phylogeny of Asian barbets: speciation and extinction in the tropics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68: 1-13.

 

page 239, Mountain Barbet  Megalaima monticola

The genus Psilopogon is embedded within the genus Megalaima (Moyle 2004, Den Tex and Leonard 2013); as Psilopogon is the older name, all species of Megalaima are transferred to Psilopogon. The scientific name of Mountain Barbet changes from Megalaima monticola to Psilopogon monticola.

References:

Moyle, R.G. 2004. Phylogenetics of barbets (Aves: Piciformes) based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30: 187-200.

Den Tex, R.-J., and J.A. Leonard. 2013. A molecular phylogeny of Asian barbets: speciation and extinction in the tropics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68: 1-13.

 

page 238, Brown-throated Barbet  Megalaima corvina

The genus Psilopogon is embedded within the genus Megalaima (Moyle 2004, Den Tex and Leonard 2013); as Psilopogon is the older name, all species of Megalaima are transferred to Psilopogon. The scientific name of Brown-throated Barbet changes from Megalaima corvina to Psilopogon corvinus.

References:

Moyle, R.G. 2004. Phylogenetics of barbets (Aves: Piciformes) based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30: 187-200.

Den Tex, R.-J., and J.A. Leonard. 2013. A molecular phylogeny of Asian barbets: speciation and extinction in the tropics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68: 1-13.

 

page 238, Gold-whiskered Barbet  Megalaima chrysopogon

The genus Psilopogon is embedded within the genus Megalaima (Moyle 2004, Den Tex and Leonard 2013); as Psilopogon is the older name, all species of Megalaima are transferred to Psilopogon. The scientific name of Gold-whiskered Barbet changes from Megalaima chrysopogon to Psilopogon chrysopogon. Also, change the spelling of a subspecies name from laeta to laetus.

References:

Moyle, R.G. 2004. Phylogenetics of barbets (Aves: Piciformes) based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30: 187-200.

Den Tex, R.-J., and J.A. Leonard. 2013. A molecular phylogeny of Asian barbets: speciation and extinction in the tropics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68: 1-13.

 

page 239, Moustached Barbet  Megalaima incognita

The genus Psilopogon is embedded within the genus Megalaima (Moyle 2004, Den Tex and Leonard 2013); as Psilopogon is the older name, all species of Megalaima are transferred to Psilopogon. The scientific name of Moustached Barbet changes from Megalaima incognita to Psilopogon incognitus. Also, change the spelling of a subspecies name from euroa to eurous.

References:

Moyle, R.G. 2004. Phylogenetics of barbets (Aves: Piciformes) based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30: 187-200.

Den Tex, R.-J., and J.A. Leonard. 2013. A molecular phylogeny of Asian barbets: speciation and extinction in the tropics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68: 1-13.

 

page 239, Taiwan Barbet  Megalaima nuchalis

The genus Psilopogon is embedded within the genus Megalaima (Moyle 2004, Den Tex and Leonard 2013); as Psilopogon is the older name, all species of Megalaima are transferred to Psilopogon. The scientific name of Taiwan Barbet changes from Megalaima nuchalis to Psilopogon nuchalis.

References:

Moyle, R.G. 2004. Phylogenetics of barbets (Aves: Piciformes) based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30: 187-200.

Den Tex, R.-J., and J.A. Leonard. 2013. A molecular phylogeny of Asian barbets: speciation and extinction in the tropics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68: 1-13.

 

page 239, Chinese Barbet  Megalaima faber

The genus Psilopogon is embedded within the genus Megalaima (Moyle 2004, Den Tex and Leonard 2013); as Psilopogon is the older name, all species of Megalaima are transferred to Psilopogon. The scientific name of Chinese Barbet changes from Megalaima faber to Psilopogon faber.

References:

Moyle, R.G. 2004. Phylogenetics of barbets (Aves: Piciformes) based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30: 187-200.

Den Tex, R.-J., and J.A. Leonard. 2013. A molecular phylogeny of Asian barbets: speciation and extinction in the tropics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68: 1-13.

 

page 239, Blue-throated Barbet  Megalaima asiatica

The genus Psilopogon is embedded within the genus Megalaima (Moyle 2004, Den Tex and Leonard 2013); as Psilopogon is the older name, all species of Megalaima are transferred to Psilopogon. The scientific name of Blue-throated Barbet changes from Megalaima asiatica to Psilopogon asiaticus.

References:

Moyle, R.G. 2004. Phylogenetics of barbets (Aves: Piciformes) based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30: 187-200.

Den Tex, R.-J., and J.A. Leonard. 2013. A molecular phylogeny of Asian barbets: speciation and extinction in the tropics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68: 1-13.

 

page 239, Indochinese Barbet  Megalaima annamensis

The genus Psilopogon is embedded within the genus Megalaima (Moyle 2004, Den Tex and Leonard 2013); as Psilopogon is the older name, all species of Megalaima are transferred to Psilopogon. The scientific name of Indochinese Barbet changes from Megalaima annamensis to Psilopogon annamensis.

References:

Moyle, R.G. 2004. Phylogenetics of barbets (Aves: Piciformes) based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30: 187-200.

Den Tex, R.-J., and J.A. Leonard. 2013. A molecular phylogeny of Asian barbets: speciation and extinction in the tropics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68: 1-13.

 

page 239, Black-browed Barbet  Megalaima oorti

The genus Psilopogon is embedded within the genus Megalaima (Moyle 2004, Den Tex and Leonard 2013); as Psilopogon is the older name, all species of Megalaima are transferred to Psilopogon. The scientific name of Black-browed Barbet changes from Megalaima oorti to Psilopogon oorti.

References:

Moyle, R.G. 2004. Phylogenetics of barbets (Aves: Piciformes) based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30: 187-200.

Den Tex, R.-J., and J.A. Leonard. 2013. A molecular phylogeny of Asian barbets: speciation and extinction in the tropics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68: 1-13.

 

pages 238-239, Asian barbets  Megalaimidae

The sequence of species within Megalaimidae (Asian Barbets) is revised, following Den Tex and Leonard (2013). The sequence of species that we adopt is as follows:

Sooty Barbet  Calorhamphus hayii

Brown Barbet  Calorhamphus fuliginosus

Malabar Barbet  Psilopogon malabaricus

Crimson-fronted Barbet  Psilopogon rubricapillus

Coppersmith Barbet  Psilopogon haemacephalus

Blue-eared Barbet  Psilopogon duvaucelii

Little Barbet  Psilopogon australis

Bornean Barbet  Psilopogon eximius

Fire-tufted Barbet  Psilopogon pyrolophus

Great Barbet   Psilopogon virens

Red-vented Barbet  Psilopogon lagrandieri

Red-crowned Barbet  Psilopogon rafflesii

Red-throated Barbet  Psilopogon mystacophanos

Black-banded Barbet  Psilopogon javensis

Golden-naped Barbet Psilopogon pulcherrimus

Yellow-crowned Barbet  Psilopogon henricii

Flame-fronted Barbet Psilopogon armillaris

Green-eared Barbet  Psilopogon faiostrictus

Lineated Barbet  Psilopogon lineatus

Brown-headed Barbet Psilopogon zeylanicus

White-cheeked Barbet              Psilopogon viridis

Yellow-fronted Barbet  Psilopogon flavifrons

Golden-throated Barbet  Psilopogon franklinii

Mountain Barbet  Psilopogon monticola

Brown-throated Barbet  Psilopogon corvinus

Gold-whiskered Barbet  Psilopogon chrysopogon

Gold-faced Barbet  Psilopogon chrysopsis

Moustached Barbet  Psilopogon incognitus

Taiwan Barbet   Psilopogon nuchalis

Chinese Barbet  Psilopogon faber

Blue-throated Barbet  Psilopogon asiaticus

Indochinese Barbet  Psilopogon annamensis

Black-browed Barbet  Psilopogon oorti

Turquoise-throated Barbet  Psilopogon chersonesus

Reference:

Den Tex, R.-J., and J.A. Leonard. 2013. A molecular phylogeny of Asian barbets: speciation and extinction in the tropics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68: 1-13.

 

page 240, Black-spotted Barbet  Capito niger

The following subspecies, previously assigned to Black-spotted Barbet (Capito niger), belong with Gilded Barbet (Capito auratus):

aurantiicinctus

hypochondriacus

nitidior

orosae

amazonicus

 

page 240, Emerald Toucanet  Aulacorhynchus prasinus

Revise the scientific name of the group Emerald Toucanet (Andean) from Aulacorhynchus prasinus [albivitta Group] to Aulacorhynchus prasinus albivitta/phaeolaemus.

 

page 242, Collared Aracari  Pteroglossus torquatus

The former polytypic group Collared Aracari (Stripe-billed) Pteroglossus torquatus erythropygius/sanguineus is split into two monotypic groups: Collared Aracari (Stripe-billed) (Pteroglossus torquatus sanguineus) and Collared Aracari (Pale-mandibled) (Pteroglossus torquatus erythropygius).

Revise the range description of Collared Aracari (Stripe-billed)  “E Panama and n Colombia south to nw Ecuador” to “eastern Panama and northern Colombia south to northwestern Ecuador (northern Esmerldas and adjacent Imbabura)”.

Revise the range description of Collared Aracari (Pale-mandibled)  “W Ecuador; recently recorded in extreme n Peru (Tumbes)” to “western Ecuador (western Esmeraldas south to El Oro) and northwestern Peru (eastern Tumbes)”.

 

page 242, Black-necked Aracari  Pteroglossus aracari

Replace the subspecies name vergens Griscom and Greenway 1937 with the older available name wiedii Sturm 1847.

 

page 243, Wahlberg’s Honeyguide  Prodotiscus regulus

Revise the range description of the nominate subspecies from “E-c Sudan to s Zaire, Angola, ne Namibia and e Cape Province” to “east central Sudan to southern Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, northeastern Namibia, and eastern South Africa”.

 

page 245, Golden-spangled Piculet  Picumnus exilis

Subspecies clarus is merged into subspecies undulatus, following Rêgo et al. (2013). Revise the range of subspecies undulatus from “E Colombia to se Venezuela, n Brazil (Roraima) and w Guyana” to “eastern Colombia to Venezuela, northern Brazil (Roraima) and western Guyana”. We recognize a new monotypic group, Golden-spangled Piculet (Undulated) (Picumnus exilis undulatus).

Subspecies alegriae is merged into subspecies buffoni, following Rêgo et al. (2013). Revise the range of subspecies buffoni from “E Guyana to ne Brazil (Amapá)” to “eastern Guyana to northeastern Brazil north of the Amazon in Amapá, and south of the Amazon in northeastern Pará and northwestern Maranhão”. We recognize a new monotypic group, Golden-spangled Piculet (Buffon’s) (Picumnus exilis buffoni).

The monotypic group Golden-spangled Piculet (Black-spotted) Picumnus exilis salvini is deleted, as a synonym of the newly recognized group Scaled Piculet (Black-dotted) Picumnus squamulatus obsoletus; see the discussion below under that entry.

Reference:

Rêgo, M.A., G. del Rio, and L.F. Silveira. 2014. A taxonomic review of Picumnus exilis (Aves: Picidae) reveals an underestimation of piculet species diversity in South America. Journal of Ornithology 155:853–867.

 

page 245, Scaled Piculet  Picumnus squamulatus

The piculet endemic to the Orinoco Delta region variously has been identified as Picumnus nigropunctatus (Black-dotted Piculet) (Zimmer and Phelps 1950, Meyer de Schauensee 1966, 1970) and as Picumnus exilis salvini (Golden-spangled Piculet) (Short 1982). Rêgo et al. (2014) identify obsoletus, usually classified as a subspecies of Picumnus squamulatus (Scaled Piculet), as the oldest available name for this population. Change the scientific name of this population to Picumnus squamulatus obsoletus, following Rêgo et al. (2014); and change the English name from Golden-spangled Piculet (Black-spotted) to Scaled Piculet (Black-dotted), following Meyer de Schauensee (1966, 1970) and Hilty (2003). Revise the range from “Extreme ne Venezuela (e Sucre)” to “northeastern Venezuela (Sucre to Monagas and Delta Amacuro)”.

Reference:

Rêgo, M.A., G. del Rio, and L.F. Silveira. 2014. A taxonomic review of Picumnus exilis (Aves: Picidae) reveals an underestimation of piculet species diversity in South America. Journal of Ornithology 155:853–867.

 

page 246, Plain-breasted Piculet  Picumnus castelnau

Revise the range description from “E slope of Andes of se Colombia and ne Peru” to “floodplain of the Ucayali and Amazon rivers in eastern Peru, southeastern Colombia, and extreme western Brazil”.

 

page 247, Golden-cheeked Woodpecker  Melanerpes chrysogenys

Correct a typographic error in the range description: change Pueble to Puebla.

 

page 248, Golden-tailed Woodpecker  Campethera abingoni

Revise the range description of nominate abingoni from “W Zaire to w Tanzania, ne Namibia, nw Zambia and n Transvaal” to “southwestern and eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo and Angola to east to western Tanzania, and south to northeastern Namibia, Botswana, northwestern Zambia, Zimbabwe, and northeastern South Africa”.

Revise the range description of subspecies anderssoni from “SW Angola to Namibia, sw Botswana, n Cape Prov., s Transvaal” to “southwestern Angola to Namibia, southwestern Botswana, and northern South Africa (east to North West and Free State)”.

Revise the range description of subspecies constricta from “SS Swaziland, extreme s Mozambique and Natal” to “southern Swaziland, extreme southern Mozambique, and eastern South Africa (Kwazulu-Natal)”.

 

page 248, Knysna Woodpecker  Campethera notata

Revise the range description from “Coastal e South Africa (extreme s Natal to Cape Province)” to “coastal southern South Africa (Western Cape east to extreme southern Kwazulu-Natal)”.

 

page 248, Ground Woodpecker  Geocolaptes olivaceus

Ground Woodpecker is considered to be monotypic, following Earlé (1986), and so subspecies olivaceus, petrobates, and prometheus are deleted. The range of the species is “South Africa and Lesotho”.

 

page 249, Cardinal Woodpecker  Dendropicos fuscescens

Revise the range description of nominate fuscescens from “N-c Namibia through South Africa to s Transvaal and w Natal” to “north central Namibia to north central South Africa (to western Kwazulu-Natal)”.

Revise the range description of subspecies natalensis from “Natal and Transvaal to Mozambique (lower Zambesi River)” to “eastern South Africa to central and southern Mozambique (south of the lower Zambezi River)”.

 

page 250, Gray Woodpecker  Dendropicos goertae

In recognition of another species of gray woodpecier (Little Gray Woodpecker Dendropicos elachus), add the modifier “African” to change the English name of Dendropicos goertae from Gray Woodpecker to African Gray Woodpecker.

 

page 250, Gray-headed Woodpecker  Dendropicos spodocephalus

Change the English name of Dendropicos spodocephalus from Gray-headed Woodpecker to Mountain Gray Woodpecker, following Sinclair and Ryan (2010), to minimize confusion with Gray-headed Woodpecker Picus canus of Europe and Asia.

Reference:

Sinclair, I., and P. Ryan. 2010. Birds of Africa south of the Sahara. Second edition. Struik Nature, Cape Town.

 

page 250, Olive Woodpecker  Dendropicos griseocephalus

Revise the range description of nominate griseocephalus from “Extreme s Mozambique to Natal, e Transvaal to Cape Province” to “extreme southern Mozambique and eastern and southern South Africa (eastern Limpopo to southern Western Cape)”.

 

page 250, Brown-capped Woodpecker  Dendrocopos nanus

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from gymnophthalmus to gymnopthalmus (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete

checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 250, Sunda Woodpecker  Dendrocopos moluccensis

Revise the range decription of nominate moluccensis from “Malay Peninsula to Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Riau Archipelago” to “Thailand and Malay Peninsula to Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Riau Archipelago”.

 

page 251, Fulvous-breasted Woodpecker  Dendrocopos macei

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from westermanni to westermani (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete

checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 254, Golden-green Woodpecker  Piculus chrysochloros

Subspecies aurosus is merged into subspecies xanthoclorus, following Del-Rio et al. (2013). Revise the range of subspecies xanthoclorus from “N Colombia and nw Venezuela” to “eastern Panama, northern Colombia, and northwestern Venezuela”. We recognize a new monotypic group, Golden-green Woodpecker (Gold-throated) (Piculus chrysochloros xanthochlorus).

Subspecies guianensis is merged into subspecies capistratus, following Del-Rio et al. (2013). Revise the range of subspecies capistratus from “SE Colombia to nw Brazil and Suriname” to “eastern Ecuador, northern Peru and southeastern Colombia east, north of the Amazon, to northeastern Brazil and the Guianas”. We recognize a new monotypic group, Golden-green Woodpecker (Bar-throated) (Piculus chrysochloros capistratus).

Subspecies hypochryseus is merged into subspecies laemostictus, following Del-Rio et al. (2013). Revise the range of subspecies laemostictus from “NW Brazil” to “eastern Peru and northern Bolivia east, south of the Amazon, to central Amazonian Brazil”. We recognize a new monotypic group, Golden-green Woodpecker (Spot-throated) (Piculus chrysochloros laemostictus).

Reference:

Del-Rio, G., L.F. Silveira, V. Cavarzere, and M.A. Rêgo. 2013. A taxonomic review of the Golden-green Woodpecker, Piculus chrysochloros (Aves: Picidae) reveals the existence of six valid taxa. Zootaxa 3636: 531-542.

 

page 257, Cream-colored Woodpecker  Celeus flavus

Correct a typographic error in the range description: change “toVenezuela” to “to Venezuela”.

 

page 258, Ivory-billed Woodpecker  Campephilus principalis

Revise the range description from “Big Woods Arkansas; once considered extinct from se US. to “formerly southeastern United States (east Texas north to southernmost Illinois, east to North Carolina and Florida)”.

 

page 259, Green Woodpecker  Picus viridis

In recognition of other species of “Green Woodpecker” (in the genera Campethera and Xiphidiopicus), add the modifier “Eurasian” to change the English name of Picus viridis from Green Woodpecker to Eurasian Green Woodpecker.

 

page 259, Gray-faced Woodpecker  Picus canus

Changed from Gray-faced Woodpecker to Gray-headed Woodpecker to follow prevailing usage.

 

page 260, Pale-headed Woodpecker  Gecinulus grantia

Bamboo Woodpecker  Gecinulus viridis

The genus Gecinulus is related to the genus Dinopium (Fuchs et al. 2007), and is moved to a new position immediately following Dinopium.

Reference:

Fuchs, J., J.I. Ohlson, P.G.P. Ericson, and E. Pasquet. 2007. Synchronous intercontinental splits between assemblages of woodpeckers suggested by molecular data. Zoologica Scripta 36: 11-25.

 

page 256, Rufous Woodpecker  Celeus brachyurus

Rufous Woodpecker is not a member of the genus Celeus, and so the genus Micropternus is resurrected for this species (Benz et al. 2006, Fuchs et al. 2007). Change the scientific name from Celeus brachyurus to Micropternus brachyurus. Position Rufous Woodpecker immediately following the genera Dinopium and Gecinulus.

References:

Benz, B.W., M.B. Robbins, and A.T. Peterson. 2006. Evolutionary history of woodpeckers and allies (Aves: Picidae): placing key taxa on the phylogenetic tree. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 40: 389-399.

Fuchs, J., J.I. Ohlson, P.G.P. Ericson, and E. Pasquet. 2007. Synchronous intercontinental splits between assemblages of woodpeckers suggested by molecular data. Zoologica Scripta 36: 11-25.

 

page 260, woodpeckers  genus Meiglyptes

The genus Meiglyptes is related to the genera Dinopium and Micropternus (Benz et al. 2006, Fuchs et al. 2007), and is moved to a new position immediately following Micropternus.

References:

Benz, B.W., M.B. Robbins, and A.T. Peterson. 2006. Evolutionary history of woodpeckers and allies (Aves: Picidae): placing key taxa on the phylogenetic tree. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 40: 389-399.

Fuchs, J., J.I. Ohlson, P.G.P. Ericson, and E. Pasquet. 2007. Synchronous intercontinental splits between assemblages of woodpeckers suggested by molecular data. Zoologica Scripta 36: 11-25.

 

page 260, Greater Flameback  Chrysocolaptes guttacristatus

Replace the subspecies name chersonesus Kloss 1918 with the older name indomalayicus Hesse 1911.

 

page 51, Eurasian Kestrel  Falco tinnunculus

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from archerii to archeri.

 

page 51, Seychelles Kestrel  Falco araea

Correct the spelling of the species name from araea to araeus (David and Dickinson 2013).

Reference:

David, N., and E.C. Dickinson. 2013. Appendix 8: changes in the spellings of scientific names: Vol. 1 in E.C. Dickinson and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors), The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 51, American Kestrel  Falco sparverius

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from cinnamonimus to cinnamominus.

 

page 53, Peregrine Falcon  Falco peregrinus

Revise the spelling of a subspecies name from fruitii (the original spelling) to furuitii, as a justified emendation (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

Also, correct a typographic error in the range description of subspecies macropus: change expect to except.

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete

checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 130, Yellow-tailed Black-Cockatoo  Calyptorhynchus funereus

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from xanthonotus to xanthanotus (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete

checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 244, Little Corella  Cacatua sanguinea

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from gymnopsis to gymnopis.

 

page 700, Mascarene Parrot  Mascarinus mascarinus

Correct the spelling of the species name from mascarinus to mascarin (Peters 1937, Dickinson 2003, Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

References:

Dickinson, E.C. (editor). 2003. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Third edition.Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

Peters, J.L. 1937. Check-list of birds of the world. Volume III. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

 

page 134, Finsch’s Pygmy-Parrot  Micropsitta finschii

Revise the range description from “SE Solomon Islands (Ugi, San Cristóbal and Rennell)” to “Solomon Islands (Ugi, Makira, and Rennell)”.

 

page 138, racquet-tail parrots,  genus Prioniturus

The sequence of species of racquet-tail parrots (Prioniturus) is revised, following Schweizer et al. (2012). The sequence of species that we adopt is as follows:

Buru Racquet-tail  Prioniturus mada

Golden-mantled Racquet-tail  Prioniturus platurus

Mindanao Racquet-tail  Prioniturus waterstradti

Luzon Racquet-tail  Prioniturus montanus

Blue-headed Racquet-tail  Prioniturus platenae

Mindoro Racquet-tail  Prioniturus mindorensis

Blue-winged Racquet-tail  Prioniturus verticalis

Yellow-breasted Racquet-tail  Prioniturus flavicans

Green Racquet-tail  Prioniturus luconensis

Blue-crowned Racquet-tail  Prioniturus discurus

Reference:

Schweizer, M., M. Güntert, M., and S.T. Hertwig. 2012. Phylogeny and biogeography of the parrot genus Prioniturus (Aves: Psittaciformes). Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 50: 145–156.

 

page 138, Blue-crowned Racquet-tail  Prioniturus discurus

Revise the range of subspecies whiteheadi from “Philippines (Negros, Bohol, Samar, Leyte, Masbate, Cebu)” to “northern Philippines (Luzon, Catanduanes, Tablas, Sibuyan, Ticao, Masbate, Biliran, Samar, Panay, Guimaras, Negro, Cebu, Bohol, and Leyte)” (Dickinson et al. 1991, Kennedy et al. 2000).

Revise the range of subspecies discurus from “Mindanao, Basilan and islands in Sulu Archipelago” to “southern Philippines (Mindanao, Olutanga, Basilan, Balut) and Jolo (Sulu Archipelago)” (Dickinson et al. 1991, Kennedy et al. 2000).

References:

Dickinson, E.C., R.S. Kennedy, and K.C. Parkes. 1991. The birds of the Philippines. An annotated check-list. British Ornithologists’ Union Check-list number 12. British Ornithologists’ Union, London.

Kennedy, R.S., P.C. Gonzales, E.C. Dickinson, H.C. Miranda, Jr., and T.H. Fisher. 2000. A guide to the birds of the Philippines. Oxford University Press, New York and Oxford, United Kingdom.

 

page 139, Red-cheeked Parrot  Geoffroyus geoffroyi

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from mysoriensis to mysorensis (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

Correct a typographic error in the range description of subspecies cyanicarpus: change Archchipelago to Archipelago.

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete

checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 139, Mauritius Parakeet  Psittacula echo

Recent authors follow Cheke (1987) in recognizing an extinct parakeet from Réunion Island, which was given the name eques by Boddaert in 1783. This extinct parakeet is very poorly known (and was not included at all in Peters 1937), but apparently was very similar to echo, the parakeet on Mauritius. Consequently these two usually are considered to be conspecific; since the name eques predates the name echo (1876), the scientific name for the species becomes Psittacula eques. Furthermore, the English name Mauritius Parakeet no longer is appropriate; change the English name to Echo Parakeet.

With the addition of subspecies eques, this species no longer is monotypic, and Psittacula echo becomes Psittacula eques echo.

Reference:

Cheke, A.S. 1987. An ecological history of the Mascarene Islands, with particular reference to extinctions and introductions of land vertebrates. Pages 5-89 in A.W. Diamond (editor), Studies of Mascarene island birds.   Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

 

page 244, Layard’s Parakeet  Psittacula calthropae

Correct the spelling of the species name from calthropae to calthrapae (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete

checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 135, Crimson Shining-Parrot  Prosopeia splendens

Revise the range description from “SW Fiji (Kandavu and Ono)” to “Fiji (Kadavu and Ono)”.

 

page 135, Red Shining-Parrot  Prosopeia tabuensis

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from taviuensis to taviunensis.

Reference:

Layard, E.L. 1876. [Mr. Sclater exhibited a series of skins of the parrots of the Fiji Islands, obtained by Mr. E. L. Layard] Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London [1876] 307-308.

 

page 135, New Caledonian Parakeet  Cyanoramphus saissetti

Correct the spelling of the species name from saissetti to saisseti (Verreaux and des Murs 1860).

References:

Verreaux, J., and O. des Murs. 1860. Description d’Oiseaux nouveaux de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et indication des espèces déjà connues de ce pays. Revue et magasin de zoologie series 2 volume 12: 383-396.

 

page 136, Port Lincoln Parrot  Barnardius zonarius

Change the scientific name of the polytypic group Port Lincoln Parrot (Port Lincoln) from Barnardius zonarius occidentalis/zonarius to Barnardius zonarius zonarius/occidentalis, in accordance with the rules of priority.

 

page 136, Eastern Rosella  Platycercus eximius

Change a subspecies name from cecilae to elecica (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 135, Large Fig-Parrot  Psittaculirostris desmarestii

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from intermedia to intermedius.

 

page 131, Yellow-streaked Lory  Chalcopsitta sintillata

Correct the spelling of the species name from sintillata to scintillata (David and Dickinson 2013).

Reference:

David, N., and E.C. Dickinson. 2013. Appendix 8: changes in the spellings of scientific names: Vol. 1 in E.C. Dickinson and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors), The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 131, Red Lory  Eos bornea

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from cyanonothorus to cyanonotha (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom

 

page 141, Black-collared Lovebird  Agapornis swindernianus

Black-collared Lovebird apparently is the sister to the remaining species of the genus (Manegold and Podsiadlowski 2014), and is moved to a position at the beginning of the genus.

Reference:

Manegold, A., and L. Podsiadlowski. 2014. On the systematic position of the Black-collared Lovebird Agapornis swindernianus (Agapornithinae, Psittaciformes). Journal of Ornithology 155: 581-589.

 

page 141, Brown-necked Parrot  Poicephalus robustus

Subspecies suahelicus is removed from the polytypic group Brown-necked Parrot (Brown-necked) Poicephalus robustus fuscicollis/suahelicus to form a new monotypic group, Brown-necked Parrot (Gray-headed) Poicephalus robustus suahelicus. Revise the range description of suahelicus from “C Tanzania to ne Transvaal, se Zaire, Angola and Namibia” to “central Angola; southeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda and Tanzania south to Zimbabwe, northern Mozambique, and extreme northeastern South Africa; ; populations along the lower Congo River may be intermediate between Brown-necked Parrot (Brown-necked) Poicephalus robustus fuscicollis and Brown-necked Parrot (Gray-headed) Poicephalus robustus suahelicus” (Fry et al. 1988).

The polytypic group Brown-necked Parrot (Brown-necked) Poicephalus robustus fuscicollis/suahelicus becomes monotypic with the removal of subspecies suahelicus; change the scientific name of Brown-necked Parrot (Brown-necked) to Poicephalus robustus fuscicollis. Revise the range description for fuscicollis from “Senegambia to Nigeria and n Angola” to “Senegambia to Nigeria; populations along the lower Congo River may be intermediate between Brown-necked Parrot (Brown-necked) Poicephalus robustus fuscicollis and Brown-necked Parrot (Gray-headed) Poicephalus robustus suahelicus” (Fry et al. 1988).

Revise the range description of the monotypic group Brown-necked Parrot (Cape) Poicephalus robustus robustus from “South Africa (eastern Cape Province to Natal and Transvaal)” to “southern and eastern South Africa (south to Eastern Cape)”.

Reference:

Fry, C.H., S. Keith, and E.K. Urban (editors). 1988. The birds of Africa. Volume III. Academic Press, London.

 

Pages 142-151, 700, New World and African Parrots  Psittacidae

The sequence of the New World genera of parrots is revised, in accord with SACC (Proposal 595), based primarily on Schirtzinger et al. (2012) and Urantowka et al. (2013). The sequence of genera that we adopt is:

Touit

Psilopsiagon

Bolborhynchus

Nannopsittaca

Myiopsitta

Brotogeris

Pionopsitta

Triclaria

Hapalopsittaca

Pyrilia

Pionus

Graydidascalus

Alipiopsitta

Amazona

Forpus

Pionites

Deroptyus

Pyrrhura

Enicognathus

Cyanoliseus

Anodorhynchus

Rhynchopsitta

Eupsittula

Eupsittula

Conuropsis

Aratinga

Cyanopsitta

Orthopsittaca

Primolius

Ara

Leptosittaca

Ognorhynchus

Guarouba

Thectocercus

Diopsittacas

Psittacara

References:

Schirtzinger, E.E., E.S. Tavares, L.A. Gonzales, J.R. Eberhard, C.Y. Miyaki, J.J. Sanchez, A. Hernandez, H. Müeller, G.R. Graves, R.C. Fleischer, and T.F. Wright. 2012. Multiple independent origins of mitochondrial control region duplications in the order Psittaciformes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 64: 342-356.

Urantowka, A.D., K.A. Grabowski, and T. Strzala. 2013. Complete mitochondrial genome of Blue-crowned Parakeet (Aratinga acuticaudata)–phylogenetic position of the species among parrots group called conures. Mitochondrial DNA 24: 336-338.

 

page 147, parakeets  genus Brotogeris

The sequence of species in the genus Brotogeris is revised, in accord with SACC (Proposal 438). The sequence of species that we adopt is:

Tui Parakeet Brotogeris sanctithomae

Plain Parakeet Brotogeris tirica

White-winged Parakeet Brotogeris versicolurus

Yellow-chevroned Parakeet Brotogeris chiriri

Gray-cheeked Parakeet Brotogeris pyrrhoptera

Orange-chinned Parakeet Brotogeris jugularis

Cobalt-winged Parakeet Brotogeris cyanoptera

Golden-winged Parakeet Brotogeris chrysoptera

 

page 148, parrots  genus Hapalopsittaca

The sequence of species in the genus Hapalopsittaca is revised, in accord with SACC. The sequence of species that we adopt is:

Rusty-faced Parrot Hapalopsittaca amazonina

Indigo-winged Parrot Hapalopsittaca fuertesi

Red-faced Parrot Hapalopsittaca pyrrhops

Black-winged Parrot Hapalopsittaca melanotis

 

page 145, Green-cheeked Parakeet  Pyrrhura molinae

Change the scientific name of a subspecies from sordida Todd 1947 to the older available name hypoxantha Salvadori 1899 (Dickinson and Remsen 2013).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 145, Santarem Parakeet  Pyrrhura amazonum

Correct a typographic error in the range description: change Amazaon to Amazon.

 

pages 143-144, parakeets  genus Aratinga, and Nanday Parakeet  Nandayus nenday

A series of recent phylogenetic surveys of parrots document that the large genus Aratinga is not monophyletic; see Remsen et al. (2013) for a review. In accord with SACC (Proposal 578) and with NACC (Chesser et al. 2014), the species of Aratinga now are distributed across four genera. Also, Nanday Parakeet (Nandayus nenday) is shown to be embedded within the genus Aratinga (sensu stricto), and the genus Nandayus is merged into Aratinga. The new nomenclature for these parakeets is as follows:

Olive-throated Parakeet Eupsittula nana

Orange-fronted Parakeet Eupsittula canicularis

Peach-fronted Parakeet Eupsittula aurea

Brown-throated Parakeet Eupsittula pertinax

Cactus Parakeet Eupsittula cactorum

Dusky-headed Parakeet Aratinga weddellii

Nanday Parakeet Aratinga nenday

Sun Parakeet Aratinga solstitialis

Sulphur-breasted Parakeet Aratinga maculata

Jandaya Parakeet Aratinga jandaya

Golden-capped Parakeet Aratinga auricapillus

Blue-crowned Parakeet Thectocercus acuticaudatus

Green Parakeet Psittacara holochlorus

Pacific Parakeet Psittacara strenuus

Crimson-fronted Parakeet Psittacara finschi

Scarlet-fronted Parakeet Psittacara wagleri

Mitred Parakeet Psittacara mitratus

Red-masked Parakeet Psittacara erythrogenys

White-eyed Parakeet Psittacara leucophthalmus

Cuban Parakeet Psittacara euops

Hispaniolan Parakeet Psittacara chloropterus

Also, the endings of some species and subspecies names are changed when some of these species are transferred to different genera:

Following the transfer of Blue-crowned Parakeet from Aratinga to Thectocercus, the species name changes from acuticaudata changes to acuticaudatus, and subspecies neoxena changes to neoxenus.

Following the transfer of Green Parakeet from Aratinga to Psittacara, the species name changes from holochlora to holochlorus.

Following the transfer of Pacific Parakeet from Aratinga to Psittacara, the species name changes from strenua to strenuus.

Following the transfer of Scarlet-fronted Parakeet from Aratinga to Psittacara, a subspecies name changes from frontata to frontatus.

Following the transfer of Mitred Parakeet from Aratinga to Psittacara, the species name changes from mitrata to mitratus, and a subspecies name changes from tucumana to tucumanus.

Following the transfer of White-eyed Parakeet from Aratinga to Psittacara, the species name changes from leucophthalma to leucophthalmus.

Following the transfer of Hispaniolan Parakeet from Aratinga to Psittacara, the species name changes from chloroptera to chloropterus.

References:

Chesser, R.T., R.C. Banks, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, A.G. Navarro-Sigüenza, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2014. Fifty-fifth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American Birds. Auk 131 (4): CSi-CSxv.

Remsen, J.V., Jr., E.E. Schirtzinger, A. Ferraroni, L.F. Silveira, and T.F. Wright. 2013. DNA-sequence data require revision of the parrot genus Aratinga (Aves: Psittacidae). Zootaxa 3641: 296-300.

 

page 143, Red-bellied Macaw   Orthopsittaca manilata

Correct the spelling of the species name from manilata to manilatus (David and Dickinson 2013).

Reference:

David, N., and E.C. Dickinson. 2013. Appendix 8: changes in the spellings of scientific names: Vol. 1 in E.C. Dickinson and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors), The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 142, macaws  genus Ara

The sequence of macauw in the genus Ara is revised, in accord with SACC. The sequence of species that we adopt is:

Blue-and-yellow Macaw Ara ararauna

Blue-throated Macaw Ara glaucogularis

Military Macaw Ara militaris

Great Green Macaw Ara ambiguus

Scarlet Macaw Ara macao

Red-and-green Macaw Ara chloropterus

Cuban Macaw Ara tricolor

Red-fronted Macaw Ara rubrogenys

Chestnut-fronted Macaw Ara severus

 

page 347, Bush Wren  Xenicus longipes

Correct the date of extinction for subspecies stokesii from 1850 to 1949.

 

page 264, African Broadbill  Smithornis capensis

Revise the range description of subspecies cryptoleucus from “S Malawi and se Tanzania to ne Transvaal and Mozambique” to “southeastern Tanzania and southern Malawi to eastern Zimbabwe, Mozambique, northeastern South Africa, and Swaziland”.

Revise the range description of subspecies capensis from “South Africa (coastal Natal and s Zululand)” to “eastern South Africa (coastal Kwazulu-Natal and northeastern Eastern Cape)”.

 

pages 266-267, Pittidae  Pittas

Pittas are divided among three genera, following Irestedt et al. (2006). Whiskered Pitta, Red-bellied Pitta (and the species that are split from Red-bellied Pitta, as detailed above, under SPECIES GAINS), Black-crowned Pitta, Black-headed Pitta, Blue-banded Pitta, and Garnet Pitta are transferred to the genus Erythropitta, following Irestedt et al. (2006).

Rusty-naped Pitta, Blue-naped Pitta, Blue-rumped Pitta, Giant Pitta, Schneider’s Pitta, Malayan Banded-Pitta, Javan Banded-Pitta, Bornean Banded-Pitta, Blue-headed Pitta, Blue Pitta, Bar-bellied Pitta, and Gurney’s Pitta are transferred to the genus Hydrornis.

Following the transfer of Giant Pitta from Pitta to Hydrornis, the species name changes from caerulea to caeruleus.

Following the transfer of Javan Banded-Pitta from Pitta to Hydrornis, the species name changes from guajana to guajanus.

Following the transfer of Blue Pitta from Pitta to Hydrornis, the species name changes from cyanea to cyaneus, and a subspecies name changes from aurantiaca to aurantiacus.

Finally, the sequence of species of pittas is revised, following Irestedt et al. (2006). The sequence of species that we adopt is:

Whiskered Pitta Erythropitta kochi

Blue-breasted Pitta Erythropitta erythrogaster

Sulu Pitta Erythropitta yairocho

Talaud Pitta Erythropitta inspeculata

Sangihe Pitta Erythropitta caeruleitorques

Siao Pitta Erythropitta palliceps

Sulawesi Pitta Erythropitta celebensis

Sula Pitta Erythropitta dohertyi

Moluccan Pitta Erythropitta rufiventris

Buru Pitta Erythropitta rubrinucha

Seram Pitta Erythropitta piroensis

Papuan Pitta Erythropitta macklotii

Habenicht’s Pitta Erythropitta habenichti

New Ireland Pitta Erythropitta extima

Tabar Pitta Erythropitta splendida

New Britain Pitta Erythropitta gazellae

D’Entrecasteaux Pitta Erythropitta finschii

Black-crowned Pitta Erythropitta venusta

Black-headed Pitta Erythropitta ussheri

Louisiade Pitta Erythropitta meeki

Blue-banded Pitta Erythropitta arquata

Garnet Pitta Erythropitta granatina

Eared Pitta Hydrornis phayrei

Rusty-naped Pitta Hydrornis oatesi

Blue-naped Pitta Hydrornis nipalensis

Blue-rumped Pitta Hydrornis soror

Giant Pitta Hydrornis caeruleus

Schneider’s Pitta Hydrornis schneideri

Malayan Banded-Pitta            Hydrornis irena

Javan Banded-Pitta Hydrornis guajanus

Bornean Banded-Pitta            Hydrornis schwaneri

Blue-headed Pitta Hydrornis baudii

Blue Pitta Hydrornis cyanea

Bar-bellied Pitta Hydrornis elliotii

Gurney’s Pitta Hydrornis gurneyi

African Pitta Pitta angolensis

Green-breasted Pitta Pitta reichenowi

Indian Pitta Pitta brachyura

Blue-winged Pitta Pitta moluccensis

Fairy Pitta Pitta nympha

Hooded Pitta Pitta sordida

Azure-breasted Pitta Pitta steerii

Noisy Pitta Pitta versicolor

Ivory-breasted Pitta Pitta maxima

Elegant Pitta Pitta elegans

Black-faced Pitta Pitta anerythra

Mangrove Pitta Pitta megarhyncha

Superb Pitta Pitta superba

Rainbow Pitta Pitta iris

Reference:

Irestedt, M., J.I. Ohlson, D. Zuccon, M. Källersjö, and P.G.P. Ericson. 2006. Nuclear DNA from old collections of avian study skins reveals the evolutionary history of the Old World suboscines (Aves, Passeriformes). Nuclear DNA from old collections of avian study skins reveals the evolutionary history of the Old World suboscines (Aves, Passeriformes). Zoologica Scripta 35: 567–580.

 

page 297, White-fringed Antwren  Formicivora grisea

Change the scientific name of the group White-fringed Antwren (Northern) from Formicivora grisea intermedia to Formicivora grisea [intermedia Group]. Subspecies alticincta, hondae, fumosa, tobagensis, and orenocensis belong with the group White-fringed Antwren (Northern) Formicivora grisea [intermedia Group] rather than the group White-fringed Antwren (Southern) Formicivora grisea [grisea Group].

Also, correct a typographic error in the range description of subspecies orenocensis: change “andextreme” to “and extreme”.

 

page 297, Parana Antwren  Stymphalornis acutirostris

Buzzetti et al. (2013) describe a new species of antwren, Formicivora paludicola, from Brazil. This proposed new species has not yet been reviewed by SACC. Furthermore, it clearly is closely related to Parana Antwren, which Buzzetti et al. classify as a Formicivora; but SACC retains Parana Antwren in the genus Stymphalornis. Provisionally we add paludicola as a subspecies of Parana Antwren, with range “southeastern Brazil (São Paulo)”. Both its taxonomic rank, and generic placement, potentially are subject to revision after review by SACC. Also, of course, the name Parana Antwren is not appropriate for the species if paludicola is retained as a subspecies; Marsh Antwren would be a suitable name in this case.

With the addition of a second subspecies, revise the range of nominate acutirostris from “southeastern Brazil (São Paulo) and southern Brazil (Paraná and extreme northeastern Santa Catarina)” to “southern Brazil (Paraná and extreme northeastern Santa Catarina)”.

Reference:

Buzzetti, D.R.C., R. Belmonte-Lopes, B.L. Reinert, L.F. Silverira, and M.R. Bornschein. 2013. A new species of Formicivora Swainson, 1824 (Thamnophilidae) from the state of São Paulo, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 21: 269-291.

 

page 298, Blackish Antbird  Cercomacra nigrescens

Revise the English name for the monotypic group Cercomacra nigrescens fuscicauda from Blackish Antbird (fuscicauda) to Blackish Antbird (Riparian).

 

page 302, Zeledon’s Antbird  Myrmeciza zeledoni

Revise the range description for nominate zeledoni from “Extreme s Nicaragua (San Juan) to w Panama” to “northwestern Costa Rica south to western Panama”; this species is expected to occur in Nicaragua, but to date there are no records from that country.

 

page 302, White-cheeked Antbird  Gymnopithys leucaspis

Revise the range of subspecies castaneus from “Tropical e Ecuador and ne Peru (Loreto)” to “eastern Ecuador and northeastern Peru (north of the Marañón River)”

Revise the range of subspecies peruanus from “N Peru (Marañón Valley)” to “north central Amazonian Peru (south of the Marañón River)”.

 

page 307, Rusty-breasted Antpitta  Grallaricula ferrugineipectus

Revise the range description of subspecies leymebambae from “Andes of Peru and w Bolivia (La Paz)” to “west slope of the Andes of southwestern Ecuador (southern Loja) and northern Peru (Piura). East slope of the Andes from northern Peru (Amazonas south of the Marañón River) to northern Bolivia (La Paz)”.

 

page 308, Slate-crowned Antpitta  Grallaricula nana

With the addition of three subspecies to the group Slate-crowned Antpitta (Slate-crowned), the scientific name for this group changes from Grallaricula nana nana/olivascens to Grallaricula nana [nana Group].

Revise the range of subspecies olivascens from “Coastal mountains of n Venezuela (Aragua and Distrito Federal)” to “coastal mountains of north central Venezuela (Aragua and Distrito Federal)”. The sequence of subspecies in the group Slate-crowned Antpitta (Slate-crowned) Grallaricula nana [nana Group] is revised to: olivascens, nanitaea, hallsi, nana, and occidentalis.

Donegan (2008) reviewed geographic variation in Slate-crowned Antpitta, describing two new subspecies and resurrecting another. Add a recently described subspecies, Grallaricula nana nanitaea, with range “Andes of Venezuela and adjacent Colombia (Norte de Santander, Santander)”. Add another recently described subspecies, Grallaricula nana hallsi, with range “Andes of northern Colombia (Serranía de los Yariguíes, Santander)”.

Revise the range of nominate nana from “Andes of Colombia, Ecuador, n Peru and w Venezuela” to “Eastern Andes of Colombia “.

Donegan (2008) also resurrected subspecies occidentalis. Add subspecies Grallaricula nana occidentalis, with range “Western and Central Andes of Colombia south to northern Peru”.

Reference:

Donegan, T.M. 2008. Geographical variation in Slate-crowned Antpitta Grallaricula nana, with two new subspecies, from Colombia and Venezuela. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 128: 150–178.

 

page 309, Upper Magdalena Tapaculo  Scytalopus rodriguezi

With the description of a new subspecies of Upper Magdalena Tapaculo, it becomes necessary to change the English name of this species to Magdalena Tapaculo (SACC Proposal 614).

Insert the newly described subspecies Scytalopus rodriguezi yariguiorum Donegan et al. (2013), with range “northern Colombia (Serranía de los Yariguíes, Santander)”. Position Scytalopus rodriguezi yariguiorum immediately following the entry for Magdalena Tapaculo. This subspecies also is recognized as a new monotypic group, Magdalena Tapaculo (Yariguies) (Scytalopus rodriguezi yariguiorum).

With the description of subspecies yariguiorum Donegan et al. (2013), Magdalena Tapaculo (Scytalopus rodriguezi) no longer is monotypic. The nominate subspecies is recognized as a new monotypic group, Magdalena Tapaculo (Upper Magdalena) (Scytalopus rodriguezi rodriguezi).

Reference:

Donegan, T.M., J.E. Avedaño, and F. Lambert. 2013. A new tapaculo related to Scytalopus rodriguezi from Serranía de los Yariguíes, Colombia. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 133: 256-271.

 

page 310, Merida Tapaculo  Scytalopus meridanus

Correct a typographic error in the range description of subspecies fuscicauda: change “andTrujillo” to “and Trujillo”.

 

page 303, Black-faced Antthrush  Formicarius analis

Change the English name of the polytypic group Formicarius analis [moniliger Group] from Black-faced Antthrush (Mexican) to Black-faced Antthrush (Mayan).

 

page 268, miners  genus Geositta

The sequence of species in the genus Geositta is revised, following SACC Proposal 594, which is based on Derryberry et al. (2011). The sequence of species that we adopt is as follows:

Coastal Miner  Geositta peruviana

Slender-billed Miner Geositta tenuirostris

Common Miner Geositta cunicularia

Puna Miner Geositta punensis

Campo Miner Geositta poeciloptera

Thick-billed Miner Geositta crassirostris

Rufous-banded Miner Geositta rufipennis

Grayish Miner Geositta maritima

Short-billed Miner Geositta antarctica

Dark-winged Miner Geositta saxicolina

Creamy-rumped Miner Geositta isabellina

Reference:

Derryberry, E.P., S. Claramunt, G.Derryberry, R.T. Chesser, J. Cracraft, A. Aleixo, J. Pérez-Emán, J. V. Remsen, Jr., and R.T. Brumfield. 2011. Lineage diversification and morphological evolution in a large-scale continental radiation: the Neotropical ovenbirds and woodcreepers (Aves: Furnariidae). Evolution 65: 2973–2986.

 

pages 283-284, woodcreepers  genus Dendrocincla

The sequence of species in the genus Dendrocincla is revised, following SACC Proposal 597; this arrangement is based on Derryberry et al. (2011) and Weir and Price (2011). The sequence of species that we adopt is as follows:

Tyrannine Woodcreeper Dendrocincla tyrannina

White-chinned Woodcreeper Dendrocincla merula

Ruddy Woodcreeper Dendrocincla homochroa

Tawny-winged Woodcreeper Dendrocincla anabatina

Plain-brown Woodcreeper Dendrocincla fuliginosa

Plain-winged Woodcreeper Dendrocincla turdina

Also, the sequence of the two subspecies of Tyrannine Woodcreeper (Dendrocincla tyrannina) is reversed. Revise the range of subspecies Dendrocincla tyrannina tyrannina from “Andes of Colombia to e Peru (Cordillera Vilcabamba)” to “Andes of Colombia to e Peru (Cordillera Vilcabamba); a population in La Paz, Bolivia may belong here, or may represent an undescribed subspecies” (Vogel amd Maillard 2007).

References:

Derryberry, E.P., S. Claramunt, G.Derryberry, R.T. Chesser, J. Cracraft, A. Aleixo, J. Pérez-Emán, J. V. Remsen, Jr., and R.T. Brumfield. 2011. Lineage diversification and morphological evolution in a large-scale continental radiation: the Neotropical ovenbirds and woodcreepers (Aves: Furnariidae). Evolution 65: 2973–2986.

Vogel, C.J., and O. Maillard Z. 2007. First record of Tyrannine Woodcreeper Dendrocincla tyrannina for Bolivia. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 127: 233-236.

Weir, J.T., and M. Price. 2011. Andean uplift promotes lowland speciation through vicariance and dispersal in Dendrocincla woodcreepers. Molecular Ecology 21: 4550-4563.

 

page 287, Chestnut-rumped Woodcreeper  Xiphorhynchus pardalotus

Chestnut-rumped Woodcreeper is moved to a new position immediately preceding Ocellated Woodcreeper (Xiphorhynchus ocellatus), in accord with SACC Proposal 600; this revision is based in large part on Sousa-Neves et al. (2013).

Reference:

Sousa-Neves, T., A. Aleixo, and F. Sequeira. 2013. Cryptic patterns of diversification of a widespread Amazonian Woodcreeper species complex (Aves: Dendrocolaptidae) inferred from

multilocus phylogenetic analysis: Implications for historical biogeography and taxonomy. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68: 410-424.

 

page 270, Pale-legged Hornero  Furnarius leucopus

Revise the range description of subspecies tricolor from “Amazonian Peru, adjacent w Brazil and n Bolivia (Beni)” to “Amazonian Peru, adjacent southeastern Ecuador (Morona-Santiago), western Brazil (east to western Pará and Mato Grosso), and Bolivia (south to Santa Cruz)”.

 

page 268, Buff-breasted Earthcreeper  Upucerthia validirostris

Subspecies pallida is merged into jelskii, following Areta and Pearman (2013). Revise the range of jelskii from “Andes of c Peru (Lima, Junín and Huancavelica)” to “Andes from central Peru (Lima) south to northern Chile, western Bolivia and northwestern Argentina”.

Revise the range of subspecies validirostris from “Andes of extreme s Bolivia (Potosí) and nw Argentina” to “Andes of northwestern Argentina (Salta south to northern Mendoza and western Córdoba)” (Areta and Pearman 2013).

Reference:

Areta, J.I., and M. Pearman. 2013. Species limits and clinal variation in a widespread high Andean Furnariid: the Buff-breasted Earthcreeper (Upucerthia validirostris). Condor 115: 131-143.

 

Pages 269-270, cinclodes  genus Cinclodes

The sequence of species in the genus Cinclodes is revised, following SACC Proposal 594; this rearrangement is based on Derryberry et al. (2011). The sequence of species that we adopt is as follows:

Long-tailed Cinclodes Cinclodes pabsti

Buff-winged Cinclodes Cinclodes fuscus

Blackish Cinclodes Cinclodes antarcticus

Cordoba Cinclodes Cinclodes comechingonus

Chestnut-winged Cinclodes Cinclodes albidiventris

Olrog’s Cinclodes Cinclodes olrogi

Cream-winged Cinclodes Cinclodes albiventris

Gray-flanked Cinclodes Cinclodes oustaleti

Stout-billed Cinclodes            Cinclodes excelsior

Royal Cinclodes Cinclodes aricomae

White-bellied Cinclodes Cinclodes palliatus

White-winged Cinclodes Cinclodes atacamensis

Dark-bellied Cinclodes Cinclodes patagonicus

Surf Cinclodes            Cinclodes taczanowskii

Seaside Cinclodes Cinclodes nigrofumosus

Reference:

Derryberry, E.P., S. Claramunt, G.Derryberry, R.T. Chesser, J. Cracraft, A. Aleixo, J. Pérez-Emán, J. V. Remsen, Jr., and R.T. Brumfield. 2011. Lineage diversification and morphological evolution in a large-scale continental radiation: the Neotropical ovenbirds and woodcreepers (Aves: Furnariidae). Evolution 65: 2973–2986.

 

page 282, Chestnut-capped Foliage-gleaner  Hylocryptus rectirostris

Henna-hooded Foliage-gleaner  Hylocryptus erythrocephalus

The nomenclature and sequence of Automolus foliage-gleaners and related species is revised, in accord with SACC Proposals 601 and 602 and with NACC (Chesser et al. 2014); these changes are based on Derryberry et al. (2011) and Claramunt et al. (2013). As part of these revisions, the genus Hylocryptus is merged into Clibanornis. The scientific name for Chestnut-capped Foliage-gleaner changes from Hylocryptus rectirostris to Clibanornis rectirostris, and the scientific name for Henna-hooded Foliage-gleaner changes from Hylocryptus erythrocephalus to Clibanornis erythrocephalus.

References:

Chesser, R.T., R.C. Banks, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, A.G. Navarro-Sigüenza, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2014. Fifty-fifth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American Birds. Auk 131 (4): CSi-CSxv.

Claramunt, S., E.P. Derryberry, C.D. Cadena, A.M. Cuervo, C. Sanín, and R.T. Brumfield.  2013. Phylogeny and classification of Automolus foliage-gleaners and allies (Furnariidae). Condor 115: 375-385.

Derryberry, E.P., S. Claramunt, G.Derryberry, R.T. Chesser, J. Cracraft, A. Aleixo, J. Pérez-Emán, J. V. Remsen, Jr., and R.T. Brumfield. 2011. Lineage diversification and morphological evolution in a large-scale continental radiation: the Neotropical ovenbirds and woodcreepers (Aves: Furnariidae). Evolution 65: 2973–2986.

 

page 282, Ruddy Foliage-gleaner  Automolus rubiginosus

The nomenclature and sequence of Automolus foliage-gleaners and related species is revised, in accord with SACC Proposals 601 and 602 and with NACC (Chesser et al. 2014); these changes are based on Derryberry et al. (2011) and Claramunt et al. (2013). As part of these revisions, Ruddy Foliage-Gleaner is transferred to Clibanornis, and its scientific name changes from Automolus rubiginosus to Clibanornis rubiginosus.

References:

Chesser, R.T., R.C. Banks, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, A.G. Navarro-Sigüenza, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2014. Fifty-fifth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American Birds. Auk 131 (4): CSi-CSxv.

Claramunt, S., E.P. Derryberry, C.D. Cadena, A.M. Cuervo, C. Sanín, and R.T. Brumfield.  2013. Phylogeny and classification of Automolus foliage-gleaners and allies (Furnariidae). Condor 115: 375-385.

Derryberry, E.P., S. Claramunt, G.Derryberry, R.T. Chesser, J. Cracraft, A. Aleixo, J. Pérez-Emán, J. V. Remsen, Jr., and R.T. Brumfield. 2011. Lineage diversification and morphological evolution in a large-scale continental radiation: the Neotropical ovenbirds and woodcreepers (Aves: Furnariidae). Evolution 65: 2973–2986.

 

page 281, treehunters  genus Thripadectes

The nomenclature and sequence of Automolus foliage-gleaners and related species, including the treehunters (Thripadectes), is revised, in accord with SACC Proposals 601 and 602 and with NACC (Chesser et al. 2014); these changes are based on Derryberry et al. (2011) and Claramunt et al. (2013). The genus Thripadectes is moved to a new position immediately preceding the genus Automolus; the new sequence of species within Thripadectes is as follows:

Uniform Treehunter Thripadectes ignobilis

Flammulated Treehunter Thripadectes flammulatus

Rufous-backed Treehunter Thripadectes scrutator

Striped Treehunter Thripadectes holostictus

Streak-capped Treehunter Thripadectes virgaticeps

Streak-breasted Treehunter Thripadectes rufobrunneus

Black-billed Treehunter Thripadectes melanorhynchus

References:

Chesser, R.T., R.C. Banks, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, A.G. Navarro-Sigüenza, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2014. Fifty-fifth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American Birds. Auk 131 (4): CSi-CSxv.

Claramunt, S., E.P. Derryberry, C.D. Cadena, A.M. Cuervo, C. Sanín, and R.T. Brumfield.  2013. Phylogeny and classification of Automolus foliage-gleaners and allies (Furnariidae). Condor 115: 375-385.

Derryberry, E.P., S. Claramunt, G.Derryberry, R.T. Chesser, J. Cracraft, A. Aleixo, J. Pérez-Emán, J. V. Remsen, Jr., and R.T. Brumfield. 2011. Lineage diversification and morphological evolution in a large-scale continental radiation: the Neotropical ovenbirds and woodcreepers (Aves: Furnariidae). Evolution 65: 2973–2986.

 

pages 280-282, Striped Woodhaunter Hyloctistes subulatus

foliage-gleaners  genus Automolus

The nomenclature and sequence of Automolus foliage-gleaners and related species is revised, in accord with SACC Proposals 601 and 602 and with NACC (Chesser et al. 2014); these changes are based on Derryberry et al. (2011) and Claramunt et al. (2013). As part of these revisions, the genus Hyloctistes is merged into Automolus, and so the scientific name for Striped Woodhaunter changes from Hyloctistes subulatus to Automolus subulatus. The sequence of species within Automolus that we adopt is as follows:

Chestnut-crowned Foliage-gleaner Automolus rufipileatus

Brown-rumped Foliage-gleaner Automolus melanopezus

Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner Automolus ochrolaemus

Striped Woodhaunter Automolus subulatus

Olive-backed Foliage-gleaner Automolus infuscatus

Para Foliage-gleaner Automolus paraensis

Pernambuco Foliage-gleaner Automolus lammi

White-eyed Foliage-gleaner Automolus leucophthalmus

References:

Chesser, R.T., R.C. Banks, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, A.G. Navarro-Sigüenza, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2014. Fifty-fifth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American Birds. Auk 131 (4): CSi-CSxv.

Claramunt, S., E.P. Derryberry, C.D. Cadena, A.M. Cuervo, C. Sanín, and R.T. Brumfield.  2013. Phylogeny and classification of Automolus foliage-gleaners and allies (Furnariidae). Condor 115: 375-385.

Derryberry, E.P., S. Claramunt, G.Derryberry, R.T. Chesser, J. Cracraft, A. Aleixo, J. Pérez-Emán, J. V. Remsen, Jr., and R.T. Brumfield. 2011. Lineage diversification and morphological evolution in a large-scale continental radiation: the Neotropical ovenbirds and woodcreepers (Aves: Furnariidae). Evolution 65: 2973–2986.

 

page 277, thornbirds  genus Phacellodomus

The sequence of species in the genus Phacellodomus is revised, following SACC Proposal 594; this arrangement is based on Derryberry et al. (2011). The sequence of species that we adopt is as follows:

Rufous-fronted Thornbird Phacellodomus rufifrons

Streak-fronted Thornbird Phacellodomus striaticeps

Little Thornbird Phacellodomus sibilatrix

Chestnut-backed Thornbird Phacellodomus dorsalis

Spot-breasted Thornbird Phacellodomus maculipectus

Freckle-breasted Thornbird Phacellodomus striaticollis

Greater Thornbird Phacellodomus ruber

Orange-eyed Thornbird Phacellodomus erythrophthalmus

Orange-breasted Thornbird Phacellodomus ferrugineigula

Reference:

Derryberry, E.P., S. Claramunt, G.Derryberry, R.T. Chesser, J. Cracraft, A. Aleixo, J. Pérez-Emán, J. V. Remsen, Jr., and R.T. Brumfield. 2011. Lineage diversification and morphological evolution in a large-scale continental radiation: the Neotropical ovenbirds and woodcreepers (Aves: Furnariidae). Evolution 65: 2973–2986.

 

page 277, Rufous-fronted Thornbird  Phacellodomus rufifrons

Correct the scientific name of the group Rufous-fronted Thornbird (Plain) from Phacellodomus rufifrons inornatus to Phacellodomus rufifrons inornatus/castilloi. Subspecies castilloi belongs with the group Rufous-fronted Thornbird (Plain) Phacellodomus rufifrons inornatus/castilloi rather than the group Rufous-fronted Thornbird (Rufous-fronted) Phacellodomus rufifrons [rufifrons Group].

Delete subspecies fargoi, as a synonym of subspecies sincipitalis (Remsen 2003). Revise the range of sincipitalis from “Bolivia (Santa Cruz and Tarija) and nw Argentina” to “eastern Bolivia, southwestern Brazil (Mato Grosso), northern Paraguay, and northwestern Argentina”.

Reference:

Remsen, J.V., Jr. 2003.  Family Furnariidae (ovenbirds). Pages 162-357 in J. Del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 8.  Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

page 272, Azara’s Spinetail  Synallaxis azarae

Delete subspecies carabayae, as a synonym of the nominate subspecies azarae (Remsen 2003). Revise the range of azarae from “Andes of n Bolivia (Cochabamba)” to “Andes from southern Peru (Puno) to central Bolivia (south to northwestern Santa Cruz)”.

Reference:

Remsen, J.V., Jr. 2003.  Family Furnariidae (ovenbirds). Pages 162-357 in J. Del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 8.  Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

page 326, McConnell’s Flycatcher  Mionectes macconnelli

Revise the range description of nominate macconnelli from “E Venezuela to the Guianas, ne Brazil, se Peru and ne Bolivia” to “eastern Venezuela east to the Guianas and northeastern Brazil, north of the Amazon; it is not clear whether populations of central eastern Brazil south of the Amazon refer to amazonas (as these historically have been identified), or to the geographically adjacent nominate macconnelli“.

Revise the range description of subspecies peruanus from “Central Peru (Junín)” to “central and southeastern Peru, adjacent southwestern Brazil”.

Reinstate the subspecies amazonas, with range “Bolivia; it is not clear whether populations of central eastern Brazil south of the Amazon refer to amazonas (as these historically have been identified), or to the geographically adjacent nominate macconnelli of the Guianan region”.

 

page 328, Zimmer’s Tody-Tyrant  Hemitriccus minimus

vise the range description from “E Amazonian Brazil to ne Bolivia (n Beni and ne Santa Cruz)” to “local in western Amazonia (Ecuador in Pastaza; Peru in eastern Loreto); more widespread from northeastern Bolivia across central and eastern Amazonian Brazil”.

 

page 336, Vermilion Flycatcher  Pyrocephalus rubinus

With the recognition of a new gmonotypic roup, Vermilion Flycatcher (Southern), for austral migrant nominate rubinus, change the scientific name of the group Vermilion Flycatcher (Vermilion) from Pyrocephalus rubinus [rubinus Group] to Pycocephalus rubinus [obscurus Group].

 

pages 336-337, black-tyrants  Knipolegus

The sequence of species in Knipolegus is revised, following SACC Proposal 608; this new arrangement is based in Hosner and Moyle (2012). The sequence of species that we adopt is as follows:

Riverside Tyrant Knipolegus orenocensis

Rufous-tailed Tyrant Knipolegus poecilurus

Amazonian Black-Tyrant Knipolegus poecilocercus

Caatinga Black-Tyrant Knipolegus franciscanus

Crested Black-Tyrant Knipolegus lophotes

Velvety Black-Tyrant Knipolegus nigerrimus

Jelski’s Black-Tyrant Knipolegus signatus

Plumbeous Black-Tyrant Knipolegus cabanisi

Blue-billed Black-Tyrant Knipolegus cyanirostris

Cinereous Tyrant Knipolegus striaticeps

White-winged Black-Tyrant Knipolegus aterrimus

Hudson’s Black-Tyrant Knipolegus hudsoni

Reference:

Hosner, P. A. and R. G. Moyle. 2012. A molecular phylogeny of black-tyrants (Tyrannidae: Knipolegus) reveals strong geographic patterns and homoplasy in plumage and display behavior. Auk 129: 156-167.

 

page 340, Cattle Tyrant  Machetornis rixosa

Revise the range description of subspecies obscurodorsalis from “Llanos of e Colombia and sw Venezuela” to “llanos of eastern Colombia and southwestern Venezuela; records from northeastern Ecuador presumably are of this subspecies”.

 

pages 314-318, Manakins  Pipridae

The sequence of genera in Manakins (Pipridae) is revised, in accord with SACC Proposal 591, which is based primarily on Ohlson et al. (2013). The sequence of genera that we adopt is as follows:

Tyranneutes

Neopelma

Chloropipo

Antilophia

Chiroxiphia

Ilicura

Masius

Corapipo

Xenopipo

Cryptopipo

Lepidothrix

Heterocercus

Manacus

Pipra

Machaeropterus

Dixiphia

Ceratopipra

Piprites

Reference:

Ohlson, J., J. Fjeldså, and P.G.P. Ericson. 2013. Molecular phylogeny of the manakins (Aves: Passeriformes: Pipridae), with a new classification and the description of a new genus. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 69: 796–804.

 

page 317, Yellow-headed Manakin  Xenopipo flavicapilla

Jet Manakin  Xenopipo unicolor

The genus Xenopipo is not monophyletic (Ohlson et al. 2013), and the species in this genus are distributed across three genera. In accord with SACC Proposal 591, the genus Chloropipo is resurrected. The scientific name for Yellow-headed Manakin changes from Xenopipo flavicapilla to Chloropipo flavicapilla, and the scientific name for Jet Manakin changes from Xenopipo unicolor to Chloropipo unicolor.

Reference:

Ohlson, J., J. Fjeldså, and P.G.P. Ericson. 2013. Molecular phylogeny of the manakins (Aves: Passeriformes: Pipridae), with a new classification and the description of a new genus. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 69: 796–804.

 

page 317, Green Manakin  Xenopipo holochlora

The genus Xenopipo is not monophyletic (Ohlson et al. 2013), and the species in this genus are distributed across three genera. In accord with SACC Proposal 591, the scientific name for Green Manakin changes from Xenopipo holochlora to Cryptopipo holochlora.

Reference:

Ohlson, J., J. Fjeldså, and P.G.P. Ericson. 2013. Molecular phylogeny of the manakins (Aves: Passeriformes: Pipridae), with a new classification and the description of a new genus. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 69: 796–804.

 

page 523, Black-tailed Treecreeper  Climacteris melanurus

Correct a typographic error in the range description of nominate melanurus: change Austalia to Australia.

 

page 561, Yellow-plumed Honeyeater  Lichenostomus ornatus

Correct a typographic error in the range description: change Austraia to Australia.

 

page 566, Yellow-throated Miner  Manorina flavigula

Correct a typographic error in the range description of subspecies wayensis: change excepts to except.

 

page 559, Black Honeyeater   Sugomel niger

Correct the species name of Black Honeyeater from niger to nigrum.

 

page 564, Bismarck Melidectes  Melidectes whitemanensis

Bismarck Melidectes is not closely related to other species of Melidectes. Following Andersen et al. (2014b), we place this species in the monotypic genus Vosea, and move it to a new position immediately following Black Honeyeater (Sugomel nigrum). Change the English name from Bismarck Melidectes to Bismarck Honeyeater.

Reference:

Andersen, M.J., A. Naikatini, and R.G. Moyle. 2014b. A molecular phylogeny of Pacific honeyeaters (Aves: Meliphagidae) reveals extenive paraphyly and an isolated Polynesian radiation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 71: 308-315.

 

page 558, Cardinal Myzomela  Myzomela cardinalis

Revise the range description of subspecies pulcherrima from “Solomon Islands (San Cristóbal and Ugi)” to “Solomon Islands (Makira and Ugi)”.

 

page 559, Sooty Myzomela  Myzomela tristrami

Revise the range description from “Solomon Islands (San Cristóbal and Santa Anna)” to “Solomon Islands (Makira and Santa Anna)”.

 

page 565, Barred Honeyeater  Phylidonyris undulatus

Barred Honeyeater is misplaced in the genus Phylidonyris (Andersen et al. 2014b). Change the scientific name from Phylidonyris undulatus to Gliciphila undulata, and move Barred Honeyeater to a new position immediately following Green-backed Honeyeater (Glycichaera fallax).

Reference:

Andersen, M.J., A. Naikatini, and R.G. Moyle. 2014b. A molecular phylogeny of Pacific honeyeaters (Aves: Meliphagidae) reveals extenive paraphyly and an isolated Polynesian radiation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 71: 308-315.

 

page 566, New Hebrides Honeyeater  Phylidonyris notabilis

New Hebrides Honeyeater is misplaced in the genus Phylidonyris (Andersen et al. 2014b). Change the scientific name from Phylidonyris notabilis to Gliciphila notabilis and move New Hebrides Honeyeater to a new position immediately following Tawny-crowned Honeyeater (Gliciphila melanops).

Reference:

Andersen, M.J., A. Naikatini, and R.G. Moyle. 2014b. A molecular phylogeny of Pacific honeyeaters (Aves: Meliphagidae) reveals extenive paraphyly and an isolated Polynesian radiation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 71: 308-315.

 

page 567, New Zealand Bellbird  Anthornis melanura

Revise the range of subspecies oneho from “Central New Zealand” to “Poor Knights Islands (New Zealand)” (Bartle and Sagar 1987).

Subspecies dumerilii and incoronata are considered to be synonyms of nominate melanura, and are deleted, following Bartle and Sagar (1987). Revise the range of subspecies melanura from “South I. and Stewart I. (New Zealand)” to “New Zealand (North and South Islands and Stewart Island) and the Auckland Islands”.

Reference:

Bartle, J.A., and P.M. Sagar. 1987. Intraspecific variation in the New Zealand Bellbird Anthornis melanura. Notornis 34: 253-306.

 

page 557, Black-chested Honeyeater  Lichmera notabilis

Revise the range description from “Wetar (Lesser Sundas). Status unknown” to “Wetar (Lesser Sundas)”.

 

page 565, San Cristobal Melidectes  Melidectes sclateri

San Cristobal Melidectes (Melidectes sclateri) is not closely related to other species of Melidectes. Following Andersen et al. (2014b), we place this species in the genus Meliarchus, and move it to a new position immediately following Crow Honeyeater (Gymnomyza aubryana). Change the English name from San Cristobal Melidectes to Makira Honeyeater (Dutson 2011). Revise the range from “Mts. of San Cristóbal (Solomon Islands)” to “Makira (Solomon Islands)” (Dutson 2011).

References:

Andersen, M.J., A. Naikatini, and R.G. Moyle. 2014b. A molecular phylogeny of Pacific honeyeaters (Aves: Meliphagidae) reveals extenive paraphyly and an isolated Polynesian radiation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 308-315.

Dutson, G. 2011. Birds of Melanesia. The Bismarcks, Solomons, Vanuatu and New Caledonia. Christopher Helm, London.

 

page 562, Kadavu Honeyeater  Xanthotis provocator

Change the English name of Xanthotis provocator from Kandavu Honeyeater to Kadavu Honeyeater. Revise the range description from “Forests and scrub of Kandavu (sw Fiji)” to “Kadavu (Fiji)”.

 

page (addition 2007), Wattled Smoky Honeyeater  Melipotes carolae

Change the English name of Melipotes carolae from Wattled Smoky Honeyeater to Foja Honeyeater.

 

page 549, Forty-spotted Pardalote  Pardalotus quadragintus

Correct a typographic error in the range description: change sclerohyll to sclerophyll.

 

page 522, Mangrove Gerygone  Gerygone levigaster

Reinsert subspecies pallida, with range “southern New Guinea”; this subspecies was deleted (accidentally?) between the 5th and 6th editions.

 

page 545, Dwarf Honeyeater  Oedistoma iliolophum

Correct the spelling of the species name from iliolophum to iliolophus. Change the English name from Dwarf Honeyeater to Spectacled Longbill.

 

page 545, Pygmy Honeyeater  Toxorhamphus pygmaeum

This species is is transferred from the genus Toxorhamphus to Oedistoma; the scientific name changes from Toxorhamphus pygmaeum to Oedistoma pygmaeum. Change the English name from Pygmy Honeyeater to Pgymy Longbill.

 

page 466, Chestnut Wattle-eye  Platysteira castanea

Revise the range from “S Nigeria to se Sudan, Uganda, Kenya, n Tanzania, n Angola” to “Benin and southwestern Nigeria east to southeastern Sudan, western Kenya, and northwestern Tanzania, and south to northwestern Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo, and northwestern Zambia” (Dowsett and Forbes-Watson 1993, Erad and Fry 1997).

References:

Dowsett, R.J., and A.D. Forbes-Watson. 1993. Checklist of birds of the Afrotropical and Malagasy regions. Volume 1: species limits and distribution. Tauraco Press, Liège, Belgium.

Erard, C., and C.H. Fry. 1997. Platysteiridae: shrike flycatchers, wattle-eyes and batises. Pages 548-606 in E.K. Urban, C.H. Fry, and S. Keith (editors), The birds of Africa. Volume V. Academic Press, New York, New York.

 

page 467, Yellow-bellied Wattle-eye  Platysteira concreta

Revise the range of subspecies kungwensis from “Extreme w Tanzania (Mt. Nkungwe and Mt. Mahari)” to “extreme western Tanzania (Mahale Mountains: Mt. Nkungwe and Mt. Mahale)”.

 

page 467, Cape Batis  Batis capensis

Revise the range description of subspecies hollidayi from “Zululand, Swaziland and Mozambique (Lebombo Range)” to “northeastern South Africa, Swaziland and Mozambique (Lebombo Range)”.

Revise the range description of subspecies capensis from “S Natal to Orange Free State and

Cape Province” to “southern South Africa, east to Free State and southern Kwazulu-Natal”.

 

page 467, Pririt Batis  Batis pririt

Revise the range description of subspecies affinis from “Arid coastal sw Angola to n Namibia and w Botswana” to “southwestern Angola to Namibia, western Botswana, and northwestern South Africa (northwestern Northern Cape)”.

Revise the range description of subspecies pririt from “Central Botswana to sw Transvaal and w Cape Province” to “central Botswana and central South Africa (east to Free State and western Eastern Cape)”.

 

page 576, Retz’s Helmetshrike  Prionops retzii

Revise the range description of subspecies tricolor from “Tanzania to Malawi, Zambia, Mozambique and n Natal” to “Tanzania to Malawi, Zambia, Mozambique and eastern South Africa (south to northern Kwazulu-Natal)”.

Revise the range description of subspecies retzii from “Transvaal to Zimbabwe, s Zambia, Botswana, Namibia, Angola” to “extreme southern Angola and southern Zambia to Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, and northeastern South Africa”.

 

page 577, Blue Vanga  Cyanolanius madagascarinus

Correct the English name for the group Cyanolanius madagascarinus madagascarinus from Blue Vanga (Madagscar) to Blue Vanga (Madagascar).

 

page 573, Large-billed Puffback  Dryoscopus sabini

Change the English name of Dryoscopus sabini from Large-billed Puffback to Sabine’s Puffback, following Dowset and Forbes-Watson (1993), Fry et al. (2000), Borrow and Demey (2001), and other authors.

References:

Borrow, N., and R. Demey. 2001. A guide to birds of western Africa. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Dowsett, R.J., and A.D. Forbes-Watson. 1993. Checklist of birds of the Afrotropical and Malagasy regions. Volume 1: species limits and distribution. Tauraco Press, Liège, Belgium.

Fry, C.H., S. Keith, and E.K. Urban (editors). 2000. The birds of Africa. Volume VI. Academic Press, London.

 

page 573, Black-crowned Tchagra  Tchagra senegalus

Revise the range description of subspecies orientalis from “S Somalia to e Transvaal, Natal and e Cape Province” to “southern Somalia south through coastal Kenya and eastern Tanzania to central and eastern Zimbabwe, Mozambique, eastern South Africa (south to Eastern Cape), and Swaziland”.

 

page 573, Brown-crowned Tchagra  Tchagra australis

Revise the range description of subspecies australis from “E Botswana to Transvaal, se Zimbabwe and s Mozambique” to “southeastern Zimbabwe, northeastern South Africa (south to northern Kwazulu-Natal), eastern Swaziland, and southern Mozambique”.

 

page 573, Southern Tchagra  Tchagra tchagra

Revise the range description of subspecies tchagra from “Southern Cape Province” to “southern South Africa (southern Western Cape and southwestern Eastern Cape)”.

Revise the range description of subspecies caffrariae from “SE Cape Province to Natal border” to “southeastern South Africa (eastern Eastern Cape, from Great Fish River to the Kwazulu-Natal border)”.

Revise the range description of subspecies natalensis from “Natal to Swaziland, se Transvaal and e Cape Province” to “northeastern South Africa (eastern Mpumalanga and Kwazulu-Natal) and western Swaziland”.

 

page 574, Tropical Boubou  Laniarius major

Revise the range description of subspecies limpopoensis from “SE Zimbabwe (Limpopo River Valley) to n Transvaal” to “southeastern Zimbabwe (Limpopo River Valley) and northeastern South Africa (northern Limpopo)”.

Revise the range description of subspecies mossambicus from “NE Botswana to s Zambia, Malawi and extreme n South Africa” to “Zambia (except north and northwest) and Malawi to northern and eastern Botswana, Zimbabwe (except southeast), and Mozambique”.

 

page 574, Southern Boubou  Laniarius ferrugineus

Revise the range description of subspecies tongensis from “Coastal s Mozambique and South Africa” to “eastern South Africa (coastal Kwazulu-Natal) and southeastern Mozambique”.

Revise the range description of subspecies natalensis from “SE Cape Province and Zululand” to “eastern and southern South Africa (western and southern Kwazulu-Natal south to southwestern Eastern Cape)”.

Revise the range description of subspecies pondoensis from “Coastal Natal to e Cape Province” to “southeastern South Africa (eastern Eastern Cape)”.

Revise the range description of subspecies transvaalensis from “Lowlands of n Zululand, e Swaziland and Transvaal” to “southeastern Botswana, lowlands of northern South Africa (North West and Limpopo, except for the Limpopo River Valley, to eastern Mpumalanga and northern Kwazulu-Natal) and eastern Swaziland”.

Revise the range description of subspecies ferrugineus from “SW and s Cape Province to “southwestern South Africa (southern Western Cape)”.

 

page 574, Common Gonolek  Laniarius barbarus

Change the English name of Laniarius barbarus from Common Gonolek to Yellow-crowned Gonolek, following Dowset and Forbes-Watson (1993), Fry et al. (2000), Borrow and Demey (2001), and other authors.

References:

Borrow, N., and R. Demey. 2001. A guide to birds of western Africa. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Dowsett, R.J., and A.D. Forbes-Watson. 1993. Checklist of birds of the Afrotropical and Malagasy regions. Volume 1: species limits and distribution. Tauraco Press, Liège, Belgium.

Fry, C.H., S. Keith, and E.K. Urban (editors). 2000. The birds of Africa. Volume VI. Academic Press, London.

 

page 574, Sooty Boubou  Laniarius leucorhynchus

In recognition of the two other species of bushshrike with names that incorporate “Sooty Boubou”, change the English name of Laniarius leucorhynchus from Sooty Boubou to Lowland Sooty Boubou.

 

page 574, Bokmakierie  Telophorus zeylonus

Revise the range description of subspecies thermophilus from “N Cape Province to w Transvaal, Botswana and Namibia” to “Namibia, southern Botswana, and western and northern South Africa (east to western Free State and Limpopo)”.

Revise the range description of subspecies zeylonus from “Transvaal to s Cape Province” to “eastern and southern South Africa (southeastern Western Cape to central and eastern Free State and Kwazulu-Natal), Lesotho, and Swaziland”.

 

page 575, Olive Bushshrike  Telophorus olivaceus

Revise the range description of subspecies makawa from “C and s Malawi (w of Shire Valley) to e Zimbabwe, n Transvaal” to “central and southern Malawi (west of the Shire Valley), eastern Zimbabwe, and extreme northeastern South Africa (northern Limpopo)”.

Revise the range description of subspecies olivaceus from “S Mozambique to e Transvaal and e Cape Province” to “southern and eastern South Africa (southern Western Cape to northeastern Limpopo) and extreme southern Mozambique”.

 

page 575, Black-fronted Bushshrike  Telophorus nigrifrons

Revise the range description of subspecies sandgroundi from “SE Malawi to Zimbabwe, Mozambique and ne Transvaal to “southeastern Malawi to Zimbabwe, Mozambique and northeastern South Africa (Limpopo)”.

 

page 575, Four-colored Bushshrike  Telophorus viridis

The group Four-colored Bushshrike (Gorgeous) is monotypic; correct the scientific name of this group from Telophorus viridis [viridis Group] to Telophorus viridis viridis.

Subspecies nigricauda and quartus, previously assigned to the group Four-colored Bushshrike (Gorgeous), belong to the group Four-colored Bushshrike (Four-colored). Change the scientific name of this group from Telophorus viridis quadricolor to Telophorus viridis [quadricolor Group].

 

page 369, Barred Cuckooshrike  Coracina lineata

Revise the range description of subspecies makirae from “San Cristóbal (Solomon Islands)” to “Makira (Solomon Islands)”.

 

page 373, Polynesian Triller  Lalage maculosa

Revise the range description of subspecies soror from “Kandavu (Fiji)” to “Kadavu (Fiji)”.

 

page 373, Long-tailed Triller  Lalage leucopyga

Revise the range description of subspecies affinis from “Solomon Islands (San Cristóbal and Ugi)” to “Solomon Islands (Makira and Ugi)”.

 

page 371, Makira Cicadabird  Edolisoma salomonis

Revise the range description from “San Cristóbal (Solomon Islands)” to “Makira (Solomon Islands)”.

 

page 487, Rufous Shrike-Thrush  Colluricincla megarhyncha

Correct a typographic error in the range description of subspecies aruensis: change Guiinea to Guinea.

 

page 486, Sooty Shrike-Thrush  Colluricincla umbrina

Correct the species name from umbrina to tenebrosa. This species originally was described as Pachycephala tenebrosa Rothschild 1911. When both Morningbird, originally described as Rectes tenebrosus Hartlaub and Finsch 1868, and Sooty Shrike-Thrush were included in the genus Colluricincla, as in some previous editions of this checklist, then the name tenebrosa Hartlaub and Finch 1868 had priority (for Morningbird), and Sooty Shrike-Thrush took the next available name, umbrina. Morningbird was transferred to Pachycephala in Clements Checklist 6.7 (September 2012). Therefore, the conflict over the name tenebrosa no longer exists in Colluricincla, and so the species name for Sooty Shrike-Thrush reverts to tenebrosa Rothschild 1911.

 

page 485, Oriole Whistler  Pachycephala orioloides

Revise the range description of subspecies christophori from “Solomon Islands (Santa Anna and San Cristóbal)” to “Solomon Islands (Santa Anna and Makira)”.

 

page 483, White-vented Whistler  Pachycephala homeyeri

Insert the missing range description of subspecies homeyeri: “Mindanao (Philippines), Sulu Archipelago, and Pulau Siamil (Borneo)”.

Insert the missing range description of subspecies major: “Cebu (Philippines)”.

Insert the missing range description of subspecies winchelli: “central Philippines (Tablas, Sibuyan, Masbate, Ticao, Panay, Pan de Azucar, Gigantes, and Negros)”.

 

page 486, White-breasted Whistler  Pachycephala lanioides

Correct the spelling of the scientific name of a subspecies from carnaroni to carnarvoni.

References:

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis (editors). 2014. The Howard and Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Passerines. Aves Press , Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

Mathews, G.M. 1913. New species and subspecies of Australian birds. Austral Avian Record 2: 73-79.

 

page 483, Rufous-naped Whistler  Aleadryas rufinucha

Change the English name of Aleadryas rufinucha from Rufous-naped Whistler to Rufous-naped Bellbird.

Correct a typographic error in the range description of subspecies rufinucha: change Volgelkop to Vogelkop.

 

page 571, Southern Fiscal  Lanius collaris

Correct the English name of the group Lanius collaris [collaris Group] from Southern Fiscal (Fiscal) to Southern Fiscal (Southern).

Revise the range description of subspecies collaris from “S Namibia, S Africa to s Transvaal, Natal and w Swaziland” to “southern Namibia, South Africa (except north and northeast), Lesotho, Swaziland, and extreme southern Mozambique”.

Revise the range description of subspecies pyrrhostictus from “Zimbabwe to n Transvaal, Natal and e Botswana” to “northeastern Botswana, Zimbabwe, northeastern South Africa, and southwestern Mozambique”.

Revise the range description of subspecies subcoronatus from “Namibia to n Cape Prov., Botswana and w Zimbabwe” to “southeastern Angola, Namibia (except coastal northwest, and extreme south), Botswana, southwest Zimbabe, and northern South Africa (south to northwestern Northern Cape and central Free State)”.

 

page 572, Magpie Shrike  Corvinella melanoleuca

Revise the range description of subspecies expressa from “SE Zimbabwe to e Transvaal, s Mozambique and e Swaziland” to “southeastern Zimbabwe to northeastern South Africa (Mpumalanga and northeastern Kwazulu-Natal), eastern Swaziland, and southern Mozambique”.

Revise the range description of subspecies melanoleuca from “Africa (s of the Zambezi River) to e Angola and South Africa” to “Africa south of the Zambezi River to eastern Angola and north central South Africa”.

 

page 572, White-crowned Shrike  Eurocephalus anguitimens

Revise the range description of subspecies niveus from “E Zambia to s Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Transvaal” to “Zimbabwe, southern Mozambique, northeastern South Africa (Limpopo and northern Kwazulu-Natal), and northeastern Swaziland”.

 

page 506, Clicking Shrike-Babbler  Pteruthius intermedius

Revise the range description of subspecies intermedius from “E Myanmar to se China, nw Thailand, Laos and n Vietnam” to “eastern Myanmar to southeastern China, northwestern Thailand, Laos and Vietnam”.

 

page 621, Cuban Vireo  Vireo gundlachii

Correct a typographic error in the range description: change “Wooodlands” to “woodlands”.

 

page 344, Brown-capped Vireo  Vireo leucophrys

Subspecies disjunctus is deleted; it is considered to be a synonym of dissors (Olson 1981).

Reference:

Olson, S.L. 1981. Systematic notes on certain oscines from Panama and adjacent areas (Aves: Passeriformes). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 94: 363‐373.

 

page 568, Green-headed Oriole  Oriolus chlorocephalus

Correct a typographic error in the range description: change neTanzania to ne Tanzania.

 

page 568, Dark-headed Oriole  Oriolus monacha

Change the English name of Oriolus monacha from Dark-headed Oriole to Ethiopian Black-headed Oriole, following Walther and Jones (2008) and other authors.

Reference:

Walther, B.A., and P.J. Jones. 2008. Family Oriolidae (orioles). Pages 692-731 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 13. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

page 579, Hair-crested Drongo  Dicrurus hottentottus

Revise the range of subspecies palawanensis from “Philippines (Palawan, Busuanga, Cagayan Sulu, Culion, Balabac)” to “southern Philippines (Palawan, Busuanga, Mapun, Culion, Balabac)”, to reflect the recent change in the name of the island formerly known as Cagayan Sulu.

 

page 471, Rufous Fantail  Rhipidura rufifrons

Revise the ranges of the two subspecies of the group Rufous Fantail (Marianas) Rhipidura rufifrons saipanensis/mariae from “Mariana Islands (Saipan and Tinian)” (saipanensis) and “Mariana Islands (Agiguan and Rota)” (mariae) to “Mariana Islands (Saipan, Tinian, and Agiguan)” (saipanensis) and “Mariana Islands (Rota)” (mariae) (Pratt et al. 1987).

Revise the range description of subspecies russata from “San Cristóbal (Solomon Islands)” to “Makira (Solomon Islands)”.

Reference:

Pratt, H.D., P.L. Bruner, and D.G. Berrett. 1987. A field guide to the birds of Hawaii and the tropical Pacific. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 470, Dusky Fantail  Rhipidura tenebrosa

Revise the range description from “Mountains of San Cristóbal (Solomon Islands)” to “Makira (Solomon Islands)”.

 

page 470, Kandavu Fantail  Rhipidura personata

Change the English name of Rhipidura personata from Kandavu Fantail to Kadavu Fantail. Revise the range description from “Dense riparian thickets of Kandavu (sw Fiji)” to “Kadavu (Fiji)”.

 

page 470, Gray Fantail  Rhipidura albiscapa

Revise the range description of subspecies brenchleyi from “Vanuatu and Banks Islands; San Cristóbal (s Solomon Islands)” to “Vanuatu and Banks Islands; Makira (Solomon Islands)”.

 

page 472, African Crested-Flycatcher  Trochocercus cyanomelas

Revise the range description of subspecies megalolophus from “Malawi and n Mozambique to Zimbabwe and n Natal” to “Malawi and northern Mozambique to Zimbabwe and northeastern South Africa (eastern Kwazulu-Natal)”.

Revise the range description of subspecies segregus from “E Transvaal to Natal and w Zululand” to “northeastern South Africa (eastern North West to western Kwazulu-Natal)”.

Revise the range description of subspecies cyanomelas from “South Africa (w Transkei to sw Cape Province)” to “coastal southern South Africa (west to Western Cape)”.

 

page 473, Black-headed Paradise-Flycatcher  Terpsiphone rufiventer

Revise the range description for subspecies smithii from “Pagalu (Gulf of Guinea)” to “Annobón (Gulf of Guinea)”.

 

page 474, Marquesas Monarch  Pomarea mendozae

With the addition of a previously overlooked subspecies, revise the range of nominate mendozae from “Marquesas (Nukuhiva, Uapou, Hivaoa, Tahuata and Motane)” to “formerly Marquesas Islands (Tahuata, Hiva Oa); extinct, last reported in 1975”.

Subspecies motanensis was recognized by Watson et al. (1986), but was not included in previous versions of the eBird/Clements Checklist. Following Cibois et al. (2004), we reinstate motanensis, with range “Marquesas Islands (Mohotani) “.

 

page 475, Fiji Shrikebill  Clytorhynchus vitiensis

Revise the range description of subspecies compressirostris from “Fiji (Kandavu, Ono and Vanuakula)” to “Fiji (Kadavu, Ono and Vanuakula)”.

 

page 476, Chestnut-bellied Monarch  Monarcha castaneiventris

Revise the range description of subspecies megarhyncha from “San Cristóbal (Solomon Islands)” to “Makira (Solomon Islands)”.

 

page 476, Black-backed Monarch  Symposiachrus julianae

Revise the range description from “Known from a 1959 specimen from Kofiau I. (New Guinea)” to “Kofiau Island (off the northwest coast of New Guinea)”.

Reference:

Diamond, J., I. Mauro, K.D. Bishop, and L. Wijaya. 2009. The avifauna of Kofiau Island, Indonesia. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 129: 165-181.

 

page 477, White-collared Monarch  Symposiachrus vidua

Revise the range description from “San Cristóbal (s Solomon Islands)” to “Makira (Solomon Islands)”.

 

page 477, Frilled Monarch  Arses telescophthalmus

Correct the spelling of the species name from telescophthalmus to telescopthalmus (Schodde and Mason 1999).

Reference:

Schodde, R., and I.J. Mason. 1999. The directory of Australian birds. Passerines. CSIRO Publishing, Canberra.

 

page 478, Ochre-headed Flycatcher  Myiagra cervinicauda

Revise the range description from “Lowlands of San Cristóbal (s Solomon Islands)” to “Makira (Solomon Islands)”.

 

page 478, Vanikoro Flycatcher  Myiagra vanikorensis

Revise the range description of subspecies kandavensis from “Kandavu and adjacent w Fiji Islands” to “Kadavu and adjacent islands (Fiji)”.

 

page 589, Dwarf Jay  Cyanolyca nana

Correct the spelling of the species name from nana to nanus (Dickinson and Christidis 2014).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis (editors). 2014. The Howard and Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Passerines. Aves Press , Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

page 592, Eurasian Magpie  Pica pica

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from mauretanica to mauritanica.

 

page 595, Common Raven  Corvus corax

Previously we treated Corvus corax principalis as a monotypic group, Common Raven (Northern), and Corvus corax sinuatus as another monotypic group, Common Raven (Southwestern). We no longer recognize groups in Common Raven, since reported genetic differences are less clear-cut and field identification does not seem possible at this stage. There may well be unappreciated diversity in this widespread species, but we will await more information before recognizing groups in Common Raven.

 

page 480, Pacific Robin  Petroica multicolor

Revise the range description of subspecies becki from “Kandavu (Fiji)” to “Kadavu (Fiji)”.

Revise the range description of subspecies polymorpha from “San Cristóbal (Solomon Islands)” to “Makira (Solomon Islands)”.

 

page 382, Yellow-spotted Nicator  Nicator chloris

Change the English name of Nicator chloris from Yellow-spotted Nicator to Western Nicator, following Dowsett and Forbes-Watson (1993), Fry et al. (2000), and other authors.

References:

Dowsett, R.J., and A.D. Forbes-Watson. 1993. Checklist of birds of the Afrotropical and Malagasy regions. Volume 1: species limits and distribution. Tauraco Press, Liège, Belgium.

Fry, C.H., S. Keith, and E.K. Urban (editors). 2000. The birds of Africa. Volume VI. Academic Press, London.

 

page 349, Flappet Lark  Mirafra rufocinnamomea

Revise the range description of subspecies smithersi from “Zambia to Zimbabwe, ne Botswana and n Transvaal” to “Zambia to Zimbabwe, northeastern Botswana, and northeastern South Africa”.

Revise the range description of subspecies pintoi from “E Transvaal to ne Natal, Swaziland and s Mozambique” to “Swaziland, southern Mozambique, and adjacent South Africa (south to northeastern Kwazulu-Natal)”.

 

page 350, Eastern Clapper Lark  Mirafra fasciolata

Correct a typographic error in the range description of subspecies reynoldsi: change Bostwana to Botswana.

 

page 350, Sabota Lark  Calendulauda sabota

Revise the range description of subspecies sabota from “Coastal Angola to Namibia, Botswana, Natal and Cape Province” to “eastern Botswana, Zimbabwe, and eastern South Africa”.

Revise the range description of subspecies sabotoides from “W Zimbabwe to s Botswana and nw Transvaal” to “central and southern Botswana, western Zimbabwe, and north central South Africa (North West)”.

Revise the range description of subspecies suffusca from “SW Zimbabwe to s Mozambique, ne Natal, e Transvaal, Swaziland” to “southeastern Zimbabwe, southern Mozambique, northeastern South Africa, and Swaziland”.

 

page 351, Spike-heeled Lark  Chersomanes albofasciata

Revise the range description of subspecies arenaria from “S Namibia to n Cape Province (Van Wyksvlei)” to “southern Namibia and northwestern South Africa (Northern Cape)”.

Revise the range description of subspecies kalahariae from “W and s Botswana to n Cape Province (Stella and Vryburg) to “western and southern Botswana and north central South Africa (North West)”.

Revise the range description of subspecies albofasciata from “S Botswana to e Cape Province” to “southeastern Botswana and central South Africa”.

Revise the range description of subspecies garrula from “South Africa (w and n Cape Province)” to “western South Africa (Western Cape)”.

Revise the range description of subspecies macdonaldi from “South Africa (s and e Karoo)” to “southern South Africa (southern and eastern Karoo)”.

Revise the range description of subspecies alticola from “South Africa (s and c Transvaal)” to “northeastern South Africa”.

 

page 351, Cape Lark  Certhilauda curvirostris

Revise the range description for subspecies falcirostris from “South Africa (nw Cape Province)” to “coastal Namibia (extreme southwest) and western South Africa (south to Olifants River, Western Cape)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies curvirostris from “South Africa (s and w Cape Province)” to “southwestern South Africa (western Western Cape south of the Olifants River)”.

 

page 351, Agulhas Lark  Certhilauda brevirostris

Revise the range description from “South Africa (Algulhas Plain of coastal w Cape Province )” to “southwestern South Africa (Algulhas Plain and Breede Valley, south central Western Cape)”.

 

page 351, Eastern Long-billed Lark  Certhilauda semitorquata

Revise the range description for subspecies algida from “South Africa (southern part of e Cape Province)” to “south central South Africa (southern part of Eastern Cape)”.

 

page 351, Karoo Long-billed Lark  Certhilauda subcoronata

Revise the range description for subspecies bradshawi from “S Namibia and n Cape Province” to “southern Namibia and northwestern South Africa (western Northern Cape)”.

Revise the range description of subspecies subcoronata from “Karoo Plains of s Namibia and w Cape Province” to “west central South Africa, south to central Karoo”.

Revise the range description of subspecies gilli from “South Africa (s-c Cape Province)” to “south central South Africa (southern Karoo)”.

 

page 351, Short-clawed Lark  Certhilauda chuana

Revise the range description from “E Botswana to Transvaal and w Orange Free State” to “southeastern Botswana and north central South Africa”.

 

page 352, Gray-backed Sparrow-Lark  Eremopterix verticalis

Revise the range description for subspecies damarensis from “Coastal Angola to Namibia, Zambia and nw Botswana” to “coastal Angola to Namibia, Zambia, western Botswana, and northwestern South Africa”.

Revise the range description for subspecies verticalis from “Zambia to Botswana, w Transvaal, Zimbabwe and Cape Province” to “western and central South Africa (except for northwest), southeastern Botswana, southwesern Zimbabwe and Zambia”.

 

page 355, Botha’s Lark  Spizocorys fringillaris

Revise the range description from “High altitude grasslands of se Transvaal and Orange Free State” to “northeastern South Africa (southern Mpumalanga and eastern Free State)”.

 

page 355, Horned Lark  Eremophila alpestris

Change the English name of the monotypic group Eremophila alpestris flava from Horned Lark (flava) to Horned Lark (Shore).

 

page 359, Southern Martin  Progne elegans

Correct a typographic error in the range description: change Uurguay to Uruguay.

 

page 360, Welcome Swallow  Hirundo neoxena

Revise the range of subspecies neoxena from “NE Australia (ne Queensland to s S Australia, Tasmania); >n” to “breeds in southeastern and eastern Australia, including Tasmania, with some of the population migrating north to northeastern Australia, and on Norfolk and Lord Howe Islands. In the mid 20th century also colonized New Zealand, Norfolk Island, and the Chatham Islands”.

 

page 361, Pearl-breasted Swallow  Hirundo dimidiata

Revise the range description for subspecies dimidiata from “Zimbabwe to Transvaal, Orange Free State and Cape Province” to “Namibia, Botswana, South Africa, and Swaziland”.

 

page 361, Blue Swallow  Hirundo atrocaerulea

In recognition of a second species of blue swallow (White-throated Blue Swallow Hirundo nigrita), add the modifier “Montane” to change the English name of Hirundo atrocaerulea from Blue Swallow to Montane Blue Swallow, following Turner (2004).

Reference:

Turner, A.K. 2004. Family Hirundinidae (swallows and martins). Pages 602-685 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 9. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

page 362, Nepal House-Martin  Delichon nipalense

Correct a typographic error in the range description for subspecies cuttingi: change swYunnan to sw Yunnan.

 

page 450, Fairy Flycatcher  Stenostira scita

Revise the range description for subspecies scita from “W Cape Province; > to s Namibia” to “breeds southwestern South Africa; winters north to southern Namibia”.

Revise the range description for subspecies rudebecki from “Lesotho; > to Transvaal” to “breeds Lesotho; winters in northeastern South Africa”.

Revise the range description for subspecies saturatior from “S Africa (Great and Little Karoo); > to Orange Free State” to “breeds south central South Africa; winters to Free State (South Africa)”.

 

page 524, Willow Tit  Poecile montanus

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from stotzneri to stoetzneri.

 

page 525, Coal Tit  Periparus ater

Subspecies gaddi and chorassanicus, as synonyms of Periparus ater phaeonotus, following Kirwan and Grieve (2010). Revise the range of subspecies phaeonotus from “Zagros Mountains (sw Iran)” to “southeastern Azerbaijan, northern Iran, and southwestern Turkmenistan; status in southwestern Iran (Zagros Mountains) unclear, perhaps only a rare nonbreeding visitor”.

Reference:

Kirwan, G.M., and A. Grieve. 2010. How many subspecies of Coal Tit Periparus ater are there in Iran? Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 130: 83-87.

 

page 527, Gray Tit  Melaniparus afer

Revise the range description for subspecies afer from “Namibia and w Cape Province” to “southern Namibia and southwestern South Africa”.

Revise the range description for subspecies arens “Lesotho to Natal, sw Orange Free State and e Cape Province” to “south central South Africa and Lesotho”.

 

page 527, Cinereous Tit  Parus cinereus

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from cashmirensis to the original spelling, caschmirensis (Hartert 1905).

Reference:

Hartert, E. 1905. Die Vögel der paläarktischen Fauna. Heft I. R. Friedländer und Sohn, Berlin.

 

page 527, Japanese Tit  Parus minor

The sequence of subspecies of Japanese Tit (Parus minor) is reordered, as follows: minor, dageletensis, amamiensis, okinawae, nigriloris, commixtus, tibetanus, subtibetanus, and nubicolus.

In earlier editions of Clements Checklist we erroneously placed subspecies nigriloris under Cinereous Tit (Parus cinereus); nigriloris belongs with Japanese Tit (Parus minor), and we position this subspecies immediately following Parus minor okinawae (Harrap and Quinn 1995).

In earlier editions of Clements Checklist we erroneously placed subspecies commixtus under Cinereous Tit (Parus cinereus); commixtus belongs with Japanese Tit (Parus minor), and we position this subspecies immediately following Parus minor nigriloris (Harrap and Quinn 1995).

Reference:

Harrop, S., and D. Quinn. 1995. Chickadees, tits, nuthatches & treecreepers. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 528, Azure Tit  Cyanistes cyanus

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from kotkalensis to koktalensis (Dickinson 2003).

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C. (editor). 2003. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Third edition.Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

page 533, African Penduline-Tit  Anthoscopus caroli

With the addition of subspecies sharpei to the group African Penduline-Tit (Buff-bellied), the scientific name for this group changes from Anthoscopus caroli sylviella to Anthoscopus caroli sylviella/sharpei.

 

page 534, Southern Penduline-Tit  Anthoscopus minutus

Revise the range description for subspecies damarensis from “Angola to n Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe and w Transvaal” to “Angola, northern Namibia, Botswana (except southwest), Zimbabwe, and northeastern South Africa”.

Revise the range description for subspecies minutus from “W Namibia to w Cape Prov., Botswana and w Orange Free State” to “western Namibia to southwestern and central South Africa”.

Revise the range description for subspecies gigi from “SE Cape Province (Little Karoo and s Great Karoo)” to “south central South Africa (Little Karoo and southern Great Karoo)”.

 

page 445, California Gnatcatcher  Polioptila californica

Correct the scientific name of subspecies pontilis from Polioptila melanura pontilis to Polioptila californica pontilis.

Correct the scientific name of subspecies margaritae from Polioptila melanura margaritae to Polioptila californica margaritae.

 

page 446, Tropical Gnatcatcher  Polioptila plumbea

Delete the entry for Polioptila plumbea maranonica, with range “W Peru (Río Marañón Valley from Piura south to Lima)”; maranonica is not a valid taxon.

 

page 379, Sombre Greenbul  Andropadus importunus

Revise the range description for subspecies oleaginus from “S Mozambique to n Kwazulu-Natal and ne Transvaal” to “southern Zimbabwe, southern Mozambique, northeastern South Africa (south to northern Kwazulu-Natal), and eastern Swaziland”.

Revise the range description for subspecies importunus from “Natal to s Zululand, Transvaal, Swaziland and Cape Province” to “eastern and southern South Africa (south along coast to southwestern Western Cape) and western Swaziland”.

 

page 381, Common Bristlebill  Bleda syndactylus

Change the English name of Bleda syndactylus from Common Bristlebill to Red-tailed Bristlebill, following Keith et al. (1992), Borrow and Demy (2001), and other authors.

References:

Borrow, N., and R. Demey. 2001. A guide to birds of western Africa. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Keith, S., E.K. Urban, and C.H. Fry (editors). 1992. The birds of Africa. Volume IV. Academic Press, London.

 

page 382, Gray-headed Bristlebill  Bleda canicapillus

Gray-headed Bristlebill (Bleda canicapillus) is considered to be monotypic, following Penhallurick and Fishpool (2014), and subspecies morelorum is deleted. Revise the range of the species to “Senegal and Gambia east to Nigeria”.

Reference:

Penhallurick, J., and L.D.C. Fishpool. 2014. The taxonomy and nomenclature of Grey-headed Bristlebill Bleda canicapillus (Hartlaub). Bulletin of the British Ornithologits’ Club 134: 155–158.

 

page 380, Yellow-bellied Greenbul  Chlorocichla flaviventris

Revise the range description for subspecies flaviventris from “Natal and n Mozambique” to “southern Mozambique, Swaziland, and eastern South Africa (south to Kwazulu-Natal and extrem northern Eastern Cape)”.

 

Page 380, Terrestrial Brownbul  Phyllastrephus terrestris

Revise the range description for subspecies intermedius from “S Angola to s Zaire, Zambia, e Zululand and s Mozambique” to “southwestern Angola; southeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo to Zambia, northeastern South Africa (south to eastern Kwazulu-Natal), and southern Mozambique”.

Revise the range description for subspecies terrestris from “W Zululand, Swaziland, Transvaal and Natal to Cape Province” to “Swaziland and eastern and southern South Africa (from western Kwazulu-Natal south along the coast to southwestern Western Cape)”.

 

page 375, Black-and-white Bulbul  Pycnonotus melanoleucus

Correct the spelling of the species name from melanoleucus to melanoleucos (Eyton 1839, Rand and Deignan 1960).

References:

Eyton, T.C. 1839. Catalogue of a collection of birds from Malaya, with descriptions of new species. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 7: 100-107.

Rand, A.L., and H.G. Deignan. 1960. Family Pycnonotidae. Pages 221-300 in E. Mayr and J.C. Greenway, Jr. (editors), Check-list of birds of the world. Volume IX. Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

 

page 377, Yellow-wattled Bulbul  Pycnonotus urostictus

Correct a typographic error in the range description for subspecies basilanicus: change Philippiness to Philippines.

 

page 377, Black-fronted Bulbul  Pycnonotus nigricans

Revise the range description for subspecies nigricans from “Arid s Angola to Namibia, s Botswana and n Transvaal” to “southwestern Angola to Namibia, Botswana, and northern South Africa”.

Revise the range description for subspecies superior from “S Transvaal to Lesotho, Orange Free State and ne Cape Province” to “east central South Africa and Lesotho”.

 

page 377, White-eared Bulbul  Pycnonotus leucotis

Subspecies mesopotamiae and dactylus, previously assigned to Himalayan Bulbul (Pycnonotus leucogenys), properly belong with White-eared Bulbul (Pycnonotus leucotis).

Revise the range description for subspecies leucotis from “E Iraq to s Iran, n Arabia, s Afghanistan and w India” to “southern Iran, southern Afghanistan, Pakistan, and northwestern India”.

 

page 377, White-cheeked Bulbul  Pycnonotus leucogenys

Change the English name of Pycnonotus leucogenys from White-cheeked Bulbul to Himalayan Bulbul. Subspecies humii is deleted; this subspecies now is believed to be a hybrid population between White-eared Bulbul (Pycnonotus leucotis) and Himalayan Bulbul. Revise the range description from “Himalayas of ne Afghanistan to e Assam (n of the Brahmaputra)” to “northeastern Afghanistan and Himalayas from northern Pakistan east at least to Arunachal (northeastern India)”.

 

page 378, Olive-winged Bulbul  Pycnonotus plumosusOl

Revise the range of subspecies hachisukae from “Banggai and adjacent islands off ne Borneo; Cagayan Sulu” to “Banggai and adjacent islands off ne Borneo; Mapun (southern Philippines)”, to reflect the recent change of the name of the island formerly known as Cagayan Sulu.

 

page 344, Olive Bulbul  Iole virescens

Add subspecies cacharensis, described by Deignan (1948), with range “northeastern India (Assam); population in eastern Bangladesh possibly also this subspecies (or is nominate virescens?)” (Deignan 1948, Rasmussen and Anderton 2012).

Add subspecies myitkyinensis, described by Deignan (1948), with range “northeastern and eastern Myanmar” (Deignan 1948).

With the addition of two new subspecies, revise the range of nominate virescens from “Forests of Bangladesh and ne India to Burma and w Thailand” to “southern Myanmar and southwestern Thailand” (Deignan 1948).

References:

Deignan, H.G. 1948. Races of the bulbul Microscelis charlottae (Finsch) and its relatives. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 61: 1-12.

Rasmussen, P.C., and J.C. Anderton. 2012. Birds of South Asia. The Ripley guide. Volume 2: attributes and status. Second edition. Smithsonian Institution and Lynx Edicions, Washington D.C. and Barcelona.

 

page 498, Scaly-breasted Cupwing  Pnoepyga albiventer

Subspecies mutica, previously considered to be a synonym of nominate albiventer, is recognized as a separate species (Päckert et al 2013); revise the range of albiventer from “Himalayas of Nepal to Assam, n Myanmar, s China and n Tonkin” to “Himalayas of Nepal to Assam, northern Myanmar, southwestern China and northern Vietnam”.

Reference:

Päckert, M., J. Martens, W. Liang, Y.-C. Hsu, and Y.-H. Sun. 2013. Molecular genetic and bioacoustic differentiation of Pnoepyga wren-babblers. Journal of Ornithology 154: 329-337

 

page 435, Cape Crombec  Sylvietta rufescens

Revise the range description for subspecies flecki from “S Angola to e Namibia, e Botswana, sw Zambia and Zimbabwe” to “southern Angola to eastern Namibia, eastern Botswana, southwestern Zambia and western Zimbabwe”.

Revise the range description for subspecies pallida from “SE Zambia to Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Malawi and Transvaal” to “southeastern Zambia, southern Malawi, eastern Zimbabwe, Mozambique, and northeastern South Africa”.

Revise the range description for subspecies rufescens from “S Botswana to sw Transvaal and w Cape Province” to “southern Botswana to north central South Africa”.

Revise the range description for subspecies diverga from “S Transvaal to Orange Free State and e Cape Province” to “central South Africa”.

Revise the range description for subspecies resurga from “Natal” to “eastern South Africa (Kwazulu-Natal)”.

 

page 429, Cape Grassbird  Sphenoeacus afer

Revise the range description for subspecies natalensis from “Kwazulu-Natal to w Swaziland, n Lesotho and Transvaal” to “northeastern South Africa (North West to northern and eastern Free State and Kwazulu-Natal), western Swaziland, and northern Lesotho”.

Revise the range description for subspecies intermedius from “Lesotho to Transkei and Port Elizabeth” to “eastern South Africa (extreme southern Kwazulu-Natal and and eastern and southern Eastern Cape), and probably southern Lesotho”.

Revise the range description for subspecies afer from “SW Cape Province” to “southwestern South Africa (Western Cape and southwestern Eastern Cape, east to about the Gamtoos River)”.

 

page 425, Japanese Bush-Warbler  Horornis diphone

Manchurian Bush-Warbler  Horornis canturians

The taxon canturians often has been classified as a separate species (e.g., Sibley and Monroe 1990, Rasmussen and Alderton 2005, and recent editions of the eBird/Clements Checklist). Recent genetic data indicates, however, that canturians is closely related to a subspecies, cantans, of Japanese Bush-Warbler (Alström et al. 2011). Alström et al. (2011) also indicate, however, that borealis, previously considered to be a subspecies of Japanese Bush-Warbler, is a distinct from canturians + cantans. Unfortunately other subspecies have not been surveyed genetically. Provisionally we elevate borealis to species rank as Manchurian Bush-Warbler (Horornis borealis), and subspecies canturians is reclassified as Horornis diphone canturians. Revise the range of canturians from “E Siberia to Manchuria, China and Korea; winters to s China” to “breeds eastern China (Gansu and Sichuan east to Anhui and Zhejiang); winters to southern China, Taiwan, northeastern India (Assam), northwestern Thailand, Indochina, and the northern Philippines”.

Revise the range description for subspecies cantans (Japanese Bush-Warbler) from “Main Japanese islands south to Cheju-Do Islands” to “Main Japanese islands south to Cheju-Do Islands. Also Hawaiian Islands (introduced)”.

References:

Alström, P., S. Höhna, M. Gelang, P.G.P. Ericson, and U. Olsson. 2011. Non-monophyly and intricate morphological evolution within the avian family Cettiidae revealed by multilocus analysis of a taxonomically densely sampled dataset. BMC Evolutionary Biology 11: 352.

 

page 426, Shade Warbler  Horornis parens

Revise the range description from “Montane forests of San Cristóbal I. (s Solomon Islands)” to “Makira (Solomon Islands)”.

 

page 426, Fiji Bush-Warbler  Horornis ruficapilla

Revise the range description from “Kandavu (Fiji Islands)” to “Kadavu (Fiji)”.

 

page 436, Yellow-throated Wood-Warbler  Phylloscopus ruficapilla

Revise the range description for subspecies ruficapilla from “South Africa (e Transvaal and Natal)” to “eastern South Africa (eastern Limpopo south to Kwazulu-natal), western Swaziland, and eastern Lesotho”.

Revise the range description for subspecies voelckeri from “South Africa (e and s Cape Province)” to “southern South Africa (southern Western Cape east coastally to eastern Eastern Cape)”.

 

pages 437-440, Plain Leaf-Warbler  Phylloscopus neglectus

Tickell’s Leaf-Warbler  Phylloscopus affinis

Alpine Leaf-Warbler  Phylloscopus occisinensis

Pallas’s Leaf-Warbler  Phylloscopus proregulus

Gansu Leaf-Warbler  Phylloscopus kansuensis

Sichuan Leaf-Warbler  Phylloscopus forresti

Chinese Leaf-Warbler  Phylloscopus yunnanensis

Brooks’s Leaf-Warbler  Phylloscopus subviridis

Kamchatka Leaf-Warbler  Phylloscopus examinandus

Japanese Leaf-Warbler  Phylloscopus xanthodryas

Pale-legged Leaf-Warbler  Phylloscopus tenellipes

Sakhalin Leaf-Warbler  Phylloscopus borealoides

Large-billed Leaf-Warbler  Phylloscopus magnirostris

Tytler’s Leaf-Warbler  Phylloscopus tytleri

Western Crowned Leaf-Warbler  Phylloscopus occipitalis

Eastern Crowned Leaf-Warbler  Phylloscopus coronatus

Ijima’s Leaf-Warbler  Phylloscopus ijimae

Blyth’s Leaf-Warbler  Phylloscopus reguloides

Claudia’s Leaf-Warbler  Phylloscopus claudiae

Hartert’s Leaf-Warbler  Phylloscopus goodsoni

Hainan Leaf-Warbler  Phylloscopus hainanus

Emei Leaf-Warbler  Phylloscopus emeiensis

Davison’s Leaf-Warbler  Phylloscopus davisoni

Kloss’s Leaf-Warbler  Phylloscopus ogilviegranti

Limestone Leaf-Warbler  Phylloscopus calciatilis

The hyphen is removed from all leaf-warblers, since they do not form a monophyletic group within Phyllscopus (Olsson et al. 2005, Johansson et al. 2007). (We did miss a few Leaf-Warblers – the remaining English names will be corrected in our next revisions, in August 2015).

References:

Johansson, U.S., P. Alström, U. Olsson, P.G.P. Ericson, P. Sundberg, and T.D. Price. 2007. Build-up of the Himalayan avifauna through immigration: A biogeographical analysis of

the Phylloscopus and Seicercus warblers. Evolution 61: 324–333.

Olsson, U., P. Alström, P.G.P. Ericson, and P. Sundberg. 2005. Non-monophyletic taxa and cryptic species—evidence from a molecular phylogeny of leaf-warblers (Phylloscopus, Aves). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 36: 261–276.

 

page 438, Yellow-browed Warbler  Phylloscopus inornatus

Revise the range description from “Ural Mts. to Sea of Okhotsk, Mongolia, Manchuria and Korea” to “Breeds Ural Mountains east to Sea of Okhotsk, Mongolia, and Manchuria (and possibly northern Korea); winters from Nepal and Bangladesh east to southern China, Hainan, Andaman Islands, Thailand, Mayala, and southeast Asia”.

 

page 438, Hume’s Warbler  Phylloscopus humei

Revise the range description for subspecies humei from “Sayan and Altai Mts. to nw Himalayas; winters to SE Asia” to “breeds from northeastern Afghanistan east to the northwestern Himalayas in southwestern China (Xinjiang) and northwestern India; winters in southern Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India”.

 

page 439, Mountain Warbler  Phylloscopus trivirgatus

Subspecies benguetensis, peterseni, diuatae, mindanensis, malindangensis, and flavostriatus, all previously assigned to the polytypic group Mountain Warbler (Mountain) Phylloscopus trivirgatus [trivirgatus Group], properly belong with the group Mountain Warbler (Negros). Change the scientific name of the group Mountain Warbler (Negros) from Phylloscopus trivirgatus nigrorum to Phylloscopus trivirgatus [nigrorum Group].

 

page 430, African Reed-Warbler  Acrocephalus baeticatus

Revise the range description for subspecies suahelicus from “Coastal Tanzania to Mozambique and Natal” to “coastal Tanzania to eastern Mozambique and northeastern South Africa (Kwazulu-Natal)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies baeticatus from “N Botswana to Transvaal, Natal, e and s Cape Province” to “northern Botswana and Zimbabwe southern and southeastern South Africa”.

 

page 431, Lesser Swamp-Warbler  Acrocephalus gracilirostris

Revise the range description for subspecies leptorhynchus from “Ethiopia to Kenya, Zambia, Zimbabwe, e Transvaal, coastal Natal” to “eastern Ethiopia, southern Somalia, and southeastern Kenya to southeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, southeastern Zambia, northern Zimbabwe, and Malawi”.

Revise the range description for subspecies gracilirostris from “S Mozambique to se Zimbabwe and South Africa” to “southeastern Zimbabwe and southern Mozambique to southern Namibia and South Africa”.

 

page 498, Rusty-faced Babbler  Robsonius rabori

Change the English name of Robsonius rabori from Rusty-faced Babbler to Cordillera Ground-Warbler (Hosner et al. 2013). Revise the range from “N Philippines (Ilicos Norte and Cagayan provinces of Luzon)” to “northern Luzon (northernmost Ilocos Norte Province), Philippines”.

Reference:

Hoster, P.A., N.C. Boggess, P. Alviola, L.A. Sánchez-gonzález, C.H. Oliveros, R. Urriza, and R.G. Moyle. 2013c. Phylogeography of the Robsonius ground-warblers (Passeriformes: Locustellidae) reveals an undescribed species from northeastern Luzon, Philippines. Condor 115: 630-639.

 

page 498, Gray-banded Babbler  Robsonius sorsogonensis

Change the English name of Robsonius sorsogonensis from Gray-banded Babbler to Bicol Ground-Warbler (Hosner et al. 2013). Following Hosner et al. (2013), this species is considered to be monotypic, and so subspecies mesoluzonica is merged into nominate sorsogonensis. The range of the species is revised from “N Philippines (Ilicos Norte and Cagayan provinces of Luzon)” to “southeastern Luzon and Catanduanes, Philippines”.

Reference:

Hoster, P.A., N.C. Boggess, P. Alviola, L.A. Sánchez-gonzález, C.H. Oliveros, R. Urriza, and R.G. Moyle. 2013c. Phylogeography of the Robsonius ground-warblers (Passeriformes: Locustellidae) reveals an undescribed species from northeastern Luzon, Philippines. Condor 115: 630-639.

 

page 442, Brown Songlark  Megalurus cruralis

Correct a typographic error in the range description: change “escept” to “except”.

 

page 427, Barratt’s Warbler  Bradypterus barratti

Revise the range description for subspecies barratti from “SW Mozambique to e Transvaal, Swaziland, n Zululand, n Natal” to “northeastern South Africa, Swaziland, and southwestern Mozambique”.

Revise the range description for subspecies cathkinensis from “Drakensberg Mts. (e Griqualand to Natal/Transvaal border)” to “east central South Africa (highlands from Eastern Cape through interior Kwazulu-Natal to Mpumalanga) and Lesotho”.

Revise the range description for subspecies godfreyi from “Natal and Cape Province” to “eastern South Africa (lowland Kwazulu-Natal and coastal Eastern Cape)”.

 

page 427, Little Rush-Warbler  Bradypterus baboecala

Revise the range description for subspecies transvaalensis from “C Zimbabwe to w Swaziland, Transvaal, Lesotho and w Natal” to “central Zimbabwe, northern and eastern South Africa, western Swaziland, and Lesotho”.

Revise the range description for subspecies baboecala from “S South Africa (east to Great Kei River)” to “southern South Africa (Western Cape and Eastern Cape, east to Great Kei River)”.

 

page 422, Bar-throated Apalis  Apalis thoracica

Revise the range description for subspecies flaviventris from “SE Botswana to n and w Transvaal” to “southeastern Botswana and adjacent South Africa”.

Revise the range description for subspecies spelonkensis from “E and n Transvaal” to “northeastern South Africa (Limpopo and northern Mpumalanga)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies lebomboensis from “NE Zululand (Lebombo Mts.) to e Swaziland and s Mozambique” to “Lebombo Mountains (border of Swaziland, southern Mozambique, and northeastern South Africa in Kwazulu-Natal)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies thoracica from “SE Cape Province (Great Kei and Gamtoos River to Umtata)” to “southeastern South Africa (Eastern Cape from the Great Kei River and to Gamtoos River)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies claudei from “S Cape Province (Knysna to Humansdorp and Beaufort West)” to “southwestern South Africa (Western Cape east to western Eastern Cape)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies capensis from “S and sw Cape Province (Paarl to Oudtshoorn and Mossel Bay)” to “southwestern South Africa (southern coastal plain of Western Cape)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies griseopyga from “Coastal w Cape Province (Lamberts Bay to Cape Town)” to “southwestern South Africa (western coastal plain of Western Cape)”.

 

page 423, Yellow-breasted Apalis  Apalis flavida

Move subspecies viridiceps to the group Yellow-breasted Apalis (Brown-tailed). With the addition of subspecies viridiceps to this group, the scientific name of this group changes from Apalis flavida flavocincta to Apalis flavida flavocincta/viridiceps.

 

page 424, Green-backed Camaroptera  Camaroptera brachyura

Change the English name of the monotypic group Camaroptera brachyura harterti from Green-backed Camaroptera (Green-tailed) to Green-backed Camaroptera (Hartert’s).

Revise the range description for subspecies sharpei from “S Angola to Namibia, Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe, w Transvaal” to “southern Angola to Namibia, northern and eastern Botswana, southern Zambia, Malawi, and northern South Africa (North West)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies brachyura from “Natal and w Zululand to South Africa” to “coastal eastern and southern South Africa (central Kwazulu-Natal to eastern Western Cape)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies constans from “E Zululand to e Swaziland, Transvaal, se Zimbabwe, Mozambique” to “southeastern Zimbabwe, southern Mozambique, Swaziland, and northeastern South Africa”.

 

page 425, Miombo Wren-Warbler  Calamonastes undosus

Revise the range description for subspecies pintoi from “Transvaal to Swaziland, Natal and Zululand” to “northeastern South Africa, Swaziland, and extreme southern Mozambique”.

 

page 425, Barred Wren-Warbler  Calamonastes fasciolatus

Revise the range description for subspecies europhilus from “SE Botswana to Zimbabwe (s Matabeleland) and Transvaal” to “southeastern Botswana, southern Zimbabwe, and northeastern South Africa (Free State to Limpopo)”.

 

page 422, Rufous-eared Warbler  Malcorus pectoralis

Revise the range description for subspecies ocularius from “Namibia to Botswana, sw Transvaal and n Cape Province” to “central Namibia to southwestern Botswana and northwestern and north central South Africa”.

Revise the range description for subspecies pectoralis from “South Africa (w Cape Province to sw Orange Free State)” to “southwestern and central South Africa, east to southwestern Free State”.

 

page 415, Rock-loving Cisticola  Cisticola aberrans

Revise the range description for subspecies aberrans from “Botswana to Transvaal, w Swaziland and Natal” to “southeastern Botswana and northeastern South Africa”.

Revise the range description for subspecies minor from “Lowlands of s Mozambique to Natal and e Cape Province” to “lowlands of southern Mozambique, eastern Swaziland, and eastern and southeastern South Africa”.

 

page 415, Rattling Cisticola  Cisticola chiniana

Revise the range description for subspecies chiniana from “Zimbabwe to w Mozambique, Transvaal and se Botswana” to “southeastern Botswana, Zimbabwe, western Mozambique, and northeastern South Africa”.

Revise the range description for subspecies campestris from “S coastal Mozambique to Swaziland and Natal” to “coastal southern Mozambique, Swaziland, and eastern South Africa (south to Kwazulu-Natal)”.

 

page 416, Gray Cisticola  Cisticola rufilatus

To conform to near universal usage, change the English name of Cisticola rufilatus from Gray Cisticola to Tinkling Cisticola. Note that previously the eBird/Clements Checklist used the English name Tinkling Cisticola for a different species, Cisticola tinniens, the name of which we now also change, to Levaillant’s Cisticola.

 

page 416, Red-headed Cisticola  Cisticola subruficapilla

Revise the range description for subspecies karasensis from “S Namibia (Great Namaqualand) to nw Cape Province” to “southern Namibia (Great Namaqualand) and northern Northern Cape (South Africa)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies namaqua from “NW Cape Prov. (Oliphants River to Orange River and w Karoo)” to “western South Africa: Gariep (Orange) River south to Oliphants River, east to the western Karoo”.

Revise the range description for subspecies subruficapilla from “SW Cape Province (east to Knysna and Oliphants)” to “southwestern South Africa (south of the Oliphants River, east to Knysna)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies jamesi from “SE Cape Prov. (Port Elizabeth to e Karoo and Orange Free State)” to “east central South Africa (southern Free State and Eastern Cape)”.

 

page 416, Wailing Cisticola  Cisticola lais

Correct the English name of the monotypic group Cisticola lais distinctus from Wailing Cisticola (Lyne’s) to Wailing Cisticola (Lynes’s).

Revise the range description for subspecies mashona from “S Mozambique to Zimbabwe, n Transvaal and Swaziland” to “Zimbabwe to southern Mozambique, northeastern South Africa, and Swaziland”.

Revise the range description for subspecies monticola from “S Transvaal” to “north central South Africa”.

Revise the range description for subspecies lais from “SE Transvaal to Natal, e Orange Free State, Lesotho, e Cape Prov.” to “eastern South Africa and Lesotho”.

Revise the range description for subspecies maculatus from “S Cape Province (east to Port Elizabeth)” to “southwestern South Africa (east to Port Elizabeth)”.

 

page 416, Tinkling Cisticola  Cisticola tinniens

To conform to near univeral usage, change the English name of Cisticola tinniens from Tinkling Cisticola to Levaillant’s Cisticola. Note we continue to use the English name Tinkling Cisticola, but this name now refers to a different species, Cisticola rufilatus (which in earlier editions of the eBird/Clements Checklist went by the name Gray Cisticola).

 

page 417, Piping Cisticola  Cisticola fulvicapilla

Revise the range description for subspecies dexter from “Plateau of Zimbabwe to Transvaal and extreme e Botswana” to “central Zimbabwe, southeastern Botswana, and savanna areas of northeastern South Africa”.

Revise the range description for subspecies lebombo from “Mozambique to Transvaal, n Zululand, Swaziland and w Natal” to “southern Mozambique to Swaziland and northeastern South Africa”.

Revise the range description for subspecies ruficapilla from “Highlands of Transvaal to w Orange Free State and ne Cape Prov.” to “central South Africa”.

Revise the range description for subspecies fulvicapilla from “Interior e Cape Prov. to Drakensberg escarpment and w Lesotho” to “eastern South Africa (eastern Eastern Cape to Drakensberg escarpment) and western Lesotho”.

Revise the range description for subspecies dumicola from “W Zululand to Natal, coastal Transkei and e Cape Province” to “east central South Africa (Eastern Cape to Kwazulu-Natal)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies silberbaueri from “South Africa (winter rainfall area of sw Cape Province)” to “southwestern South Africa (southern Western Cape)”.

 

page 418, Desert Cisticola  Cisticola aridulus

Revise the range description for subspecies caliginus from “Natal to Swaziland, s Mozambique and adjacent ne Transvaal” to “eastern South Africa (south to Kwazulu-Natal), Swaziland, and southern Mozambique”.

 

page 418, Cloud Cisticola  Cisticola textrix

Revise the range description for subspecies major from “Transvaal to w Natal, w Swaziland and e Cape Province” to “eastern South Africa”.

Revise the range description for subspecies textrix from “S Cape Province (Cape Town to Port Elizabeth) to “southwestern South Africa (Western Cape and southwestern Eastern Cape)”.

 

page 419, Socotra Warbler  Incana incanus

Correct the spelling of the species name for Socotra Warbler from incanus to incana.

 

page 433, Ashy Tailorbird  Orthotomus ruficeps

Revise the range of subspecies cagayanensis from “Cagayan Sulu (sw Philippines)” to “Mapun (southern Philippines)”, to reflect the recent change to the name of the island formerly known as Cagayan Sulu.

 

page 433, Rufous-tailed Tailorbird  Orthotomus sericeus

Revise the range for subspecies nuntius from “SW Philippines (Balabac, Palawan, Cagayan Sulu and Sulu Arch.)” to “southern Philippines (Balabac, Palawan, Mapun and Sulu Archipelago)”, to reflect the recent change to the name of the island formerly known as Cagayan Sulu.

 

page 421, Black-chested Prinia  Prinia flavicans

Revise the range description for subspecies flavicans from “Namibia to Botswana and nw Cape Province” to “Namibia to Botswana and northwestern South Africa (Northern Cape)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies nubilosa from “E Botswana to sw Zambia, sw Zimbabwe and Transvaal” to “eastern and northeastern Botswana to southwestern Zambia, southwestern Zimbabwe, and northeastern South Africa”.

Revise the range description for subspecies ortleppi from “SW Transvaal to w Orange Free State and ne Cape Province” to “central South Africa”.

 

page 421, Karoo Prinia  Prinia maculosa

Revise the range description for subspecies maculosa from “S Namibia to s Orange Free State and Cape Province” to “southern Namibia and western South Africa (east to southern Free State and Eastern Cape)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies psammophila from “SW Namibia to w Cape Province” to “southwestern Namibia and northwestern South Africa (western Northern Cape)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies exultans from “South Africa (Lesotho, adjacent ne Cape Province and w Natal)” to “eastern South Africa (Eastern Cape and western Kwazulu-Natal) and Lesotho”.

 

page 421, Drakensberg Prinia  Prinia hypoxantha

Revise the range description from “Transvaal to Natal, Lesotho and e Cape Province” to “eastern South Africa (Limpopo south to eastern Free State, Kwazulu-Natal, and eastern Eastern Cape) and Lesotho”.

 

page 421, Namaqua Prinia  Prinia substriata

Revise the range description for subspecies confinis from “S Namibia (arid lower Orange River)” to “southern Namibia and northwestern South Africa, along the lower Gariep (Orange) River in Northern Cape”.

Revise the range description for subspecies substriata from “Orange Free State, Karoo and s Little Namaqualand” to “western and central South Africa (east to Free State and Eastern Cape)”.

 

page 421, Banded Prinia  Prinia bairdii

Subspecies obscura, previously included in the group Banded Prinia (Banded), belongs in the group Banded Prinia (Black-faced). Change the scientific name of the group Banded Prinia (Banded) from Prinia bairdii [bairdii Group] to Prinia bairdii bairdii/heinrichi. Change the scientific name of the group Banded Prinia (Black-faced) from Prinia bairdii melanops to Prinia bairdii melanops/obscura.

 

page 434, Yellow-bellied Eremomela  Eremomela icteropygialis

Revise the range description for subspecies perimacha from “S Botswana to w Transvaal and nw Cape Province)” to “southern Botswana and northern South Africa”.

Revise the range description for subspecies saturatior from “South Africa (Orange Free State to Cape Province)” to “South Africa (Cape provinces, except northwest, to Free State)”.

 

page 434, Greencap Eremomela  Eremomela scotops

Revise the range description for subspecies pulchra from “Angola, Zaire, Zambia, w Malawi, Transvaal, Natal” to “Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Zambia, western Malawi, northeastern Namibia, and northern Botswana”.

Revise the range description for subspecies scotops from “E Kenya to Tanzania, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Natal” to “eastern Kenya to Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe, eastern Botswana, Mozambique, northeastern South Africa (Limpopo south to northern Kwazulu-Natal), and northern Swaziland”.

 

page 509, Bush Blackcap  Sylvia nigricapilla

Revise the range description from “South Africa (Transvaal to Natal and e Cape Province)” to “eastern South Africa (south to central Eastern Cape) and western Swaziland”.

 

page 443, Blackcap  Sylvia atricapilla

In recognition of the existence of another species of blackcap (Bush Blackcap Sylvia nigricapilla), add the modifier Eurasian and change the English name of Sylvia atricapilla from Blackcap to Eurasian Blackcap.

 

page 444, Layard’s Warbler  Sylvia layardi

Revise the range description for subspecies layardi from “Namibia to nw Cape Province, Namaqualand and middle Orange R.” to “southwestern South Africa (southern Western Cape)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies aridicola from “Highlands of Namibia, Damaraland and n Cape Province” to “Namibia and western and central South Africa”.

Revise the range description for subspecies barnesi from “Highlands of Lesotho and ne Cape Province; w Cape Province” to “Lesotho”.

Revise the range description for subspecies subsolana from “Highlands of sw Cape Province to Orange Free State” to “south central South Africa (Great Karoo and Little Karoo)”.

 

page 444, Spectacled Warbler  Sylvia conspicillata

Revise the range description for subspecies conspicillata from “W Mediterranean basin and nw Africa; winters to Senegal and Niger” to “breeds southwestern Europe (Portugal and Spain east to Italy and Sicily) and northwestern Africa (south to Mauritania), also Cyprus, southern Turkey, and the Levant (southern Lebanon, southern Syria, western Jordan, Israel, and the northern Sinai); winters to Senegal and Niger”.

 

page 511, Black-headed Parrotbill  Psittiparus margaritae

Revise the range description from “Highlands of s Vietnam (s Annam)” to “eastern Cambodia and highlands of southern Vietnam (southern Annam)”.

 

page 513, Reed Parrotbill  Paradoxornis heudei

Revise the range description for the monotypic group Reed Parrotbill (Northern) Paradoxornis heudei polivanovi from “Reedbeds of extreme se Siberia (Lake Khanka) and s Ussuriland” to “northeastern China (Liaoning, Heilongjiang) and adjacent southeastern Siberia”.

Revise the range description for the monotypic group Reed Parrotbill (Reed) Paradoxornis heudei heudei from “Reedbeds of e China (s Heliongjiang, ne Zhejiang and Jiangsu)” to “eastern China (Zhejiang, Jiangsu, and perhaps Hebei)”.

 

page 512, Vinous-throated Parrotbill  Sinosuthora webbiana

Revise the range description for subspecies bulomacha from “Highlands of Taiwan” to “Taiwan”.

 

page 344, African and Mascarene White-eyes  Zosterops

We resequence the African and Mascarene white-eyes to (roughly) follow Warren et al. (2006), who identified two separate radiations of white-eyes in the Indian Ocean. No doubt these taxa will be rearranged again in the future, as it is clear that the relationships of the African white-eyes remain poorly understood. The sequence of species that we adopt is as follows:

Marianne White-eye Zosterops semiflavus

Comoro White-eye Zosterops mouroniensis

Reunion White-eye Zosterops olivaceus

Mauritius White-eye Zosterops chloronothos

Reunion Gray White-eye Zosterops borbonicus

Mauritius Gray White-eye Zosterops mauritianus

African Yellow White-eye Zosterops senegalensis

Cameroon Speirops Zosterops melanocephalus

Fernando Po Speirops Zosterops brunneus

Broad-ringed White-eye Zosterops poliogastrus

White-breasted White-eye Zosterops abyssinicus

Cape White-eye Zosterops capensis

Orange River White-eye Zosterops pallidus

Pemba White-eye Zosterops vaughani

Seychelles White-eye Zosterops modestus

Moheli White-eye Zosterops comorensis

Madagascar White-eye Zosterops maderaspatanus

Aldabra White-eye Zosterops aldabrensis

Anjouan White-eye Zosterops anjouanensis

Kirk’s White-eye Zosterops kirki

Mayotte White-eye Zosterops mayottensis

Black-capped Speirops Zosterops lugubris

Principe Speirops Zosterops leucophoeus

Sao Tome White-eye Zosterops feae

Annobon White-eye Zosterops griseovirescens

Principe White-eye Zosterops ficedulinus

Reference:

Warren, B.H., E. Bermingham, R.P. Prys-Jones, and C. Thébaud. 2006. Immigration, species radiation and extinction in a highly diverse songbird lineage: white-eyes on Indian Ocean islands. Molecular Ecology 15: 3769-3786.

 

page 550, Cape White-eye  Zosterops capensis

Revise the range description for subspecies caniviridis from “E Botswana to w Transvaal to “eastern and southeastern Botswana and adjacent northeastern South Africa”.

Revise the range description for subspecies atmorii from “Inland s Cape Province” to “interior of South Africa (from southern Northern Cape east to southern Free State and western Kwazulu-Natal) and Lesotho”.

Revise the range description for subspecies capensis from “W Cape Province” to “southwestern South Africa (east to western Eastern Cape)”.

Revise the range description for the monotypic group Cape White-eye (Green) Zosterops capensis virens from “SW Mozambique to e Cape Province” to “eastern South Africa (eastern Eastern Cape to eastern Free State, Kwazulu-Natal, and Mpumalanga), Swaziland, and southwestern Mozambique”.

 

page 550, Orange River White-eye  Zosterops pallidus

Revise the range description for subspecies pallidus from “S Namibia to Transvaal and nw Cape Province” to “Namibia and northwestern South Africa (western Northern Cape)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies sundevalli from “NE Cape Province” to “north central South Africa (eastern Northern Cape, North West, and Free State)”.

 

page 550, Mayotte White-eye  Zosterops mayottensis

Revise the range from “Mayotte (se Comoro Is.); extirpated on Maria Anne I. ca 1940” to “Mayotte (Comoro Is.)”.

 

page 550, Annobon White-eye  Zosterops griseovirescens

Revise the range description from “Pagalu (Gulf of Guinea)” to “Annobón (Gulf of Guinea)”.

 

page 552, Mountain White-eye  Zosterops montanus

Revise the range description for subspecies montanus from “Sulawesi, Sula Is., Buru, Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores, Timor” to “central Sumatra, Java, Bali, Sulawesi, Sula Is., Buru, Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores, Timor”.

 

page 554, Gray-throated White-eye  Zosterops ugiensis

Revise the range description for subspecies ugiensis from “San Cristóbal (Solomon Is.)” to “Makira (Solomon Is.)”.

 

page 554, Layard’s White-eye  Zosterops explorator

Revise the range description from “Fiji (Viti Levu, Ovalau, Gau, Vanua Levu, Taveuni and Kandavu)” to “Fiji (Viti Levu, Ovalau, Gau, Vanua Levu, Taveuni and Kadavu)”.

 

page 502, Bold-striped Tit-Babbler  Mixornis bornensis

Subspecies ruficoma is deleted, as a synonym of Mixornis bornensis bornensis (Collar and Robson 2007). Revise the range of nominate bornensis from “Borneo” to “Borneo, and Bangka and Belitung islands (east coast of Sumatra)”.

Revise the range of the monotypic group Bold-striped Tit-Babbler (Mapun) Mixornis bornensis cagayanensis from “Cagayan Sulu (Sulu Sea)” to “Mapun (southern Philippines)”.

Reference:

Collar, N.J., and C. Robson. 2007. Family Timaliidae (babblers). Pages 70-291 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 12. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

page 495, Scaly-breasted Illadopsis  Illadopsis albipectus

Correct a typographic error in the range description: change Tanaznia to Tanzania.

 

page 508, Gray-cheeked Fulvetta  Alcippe morrisonia

Change the English name from Gray-cheeked Fulvetta to Morrison’s Fulvetta.

 

page 503, Iraq Babbler  Turdoides altirostris

Revise the range from “SE Iraq and sw Iran (reed beds of lower Tigris-Euphrates Valley)” to “southern Turkey, Syria, Iraq and southwestern Iran (reed beds of Tigris-Euphrates Valley)”.

 

page 504, Scaly Babbler  Turdoides squamulata

Delete the entries for Turdoides squamulata ssp. 1 and for Turdoides squamulata ssp. 2. Revise the range description of Turdoides squamulata jubaensis from “Jubba River, s Somalia and se Ethiopia” to “Jubba River, s Somalia and se Ethiopia. An undescribed population, apparently intermediate between carolinae and jubaensis, occurs in the Lake Bor watercourse and along the Daua River (Ethiopia/Kenya border). Yet another undescribed, poorly known population occurs on the Webi Gestro River, Ethiopia”.

 

page 509, Capuchin Babbler  Turdoides atripennis

Change a subspecies name from haynesi to the older name available name rubiginosus.

 

page 556, Gurney’s Sugarbird  Promerops gurneyi

Revise the range description for subspecies gurneyi from “E Transvaal to Natal and e Cape Province s of Limpopo River” to “northern and eastern South Africa (Limpopo south along the Drakensberg escarpment to Eastern Cape)”.

 

page 446, Pale Flycatcher  Bradornis pallidus

Revise the range description for subspecies divisus from “SE Zambia to Mozambique, n Transvaal and ne Swaziland” to “southeastern Zambia, southern Malawi, and Mozambique to northeastern South Africa (Limpopo and Mpumalanga) and Swaziland”.

Revise the range description for subspecies sibilans from “Mozambique (south of Sul do Save) to n Natal” to “southern Mozambique (south of Sul do Save) and northeastern South Africa (Kwazulu-Natal)”.

 

page 446, Chat Flycatcher  Bradornis infuscatus

Revise the range description for subspecies placidus from “Botswana to w Transvaal, nw Orange Free State and n Cape Prov.” to “Botswana (except extreme west and southwest) and north central South Africa”.

Revise the range description for subspecies seimundi from “South Africa (n Cape Province to sw Orange Free State)” to “west central South Africa (Northern Cape to southwestern Free State)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies infuscatus from “SW Namibia to sw Cape Province” to “southwestern Namibia and western South Africa (south to Western Cape)”.

 

page 447, Mariqua Flycatcher  Bradornis mariquensis

Revise the range description for subspecies acaciae from “Savanna of s Angola to sw Botswana and n Cape Province” to “southern Angola and Namibia to southwestern Botswana and northwestern South Africa (Northern Cape)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies mariquensis from “S Botswana to w Zimbabwe and w Transvaal” to “southwestern Zambia, Botswana (except southwest), western Zimbabwe, and north central South Africa”.

 

page 448, Brown-streaked Flycatcher  Muscicapa williamsoni

Revise the range description for subspecies williamsoni from “southern Myanmar to northern Malaysia; winters from the Malay Peninsula to Sumatra and Siberut Island” to “southern Myanmar to northern Malaya, winters from Malay Peninsula to Sumatra and Siberut”.

 

page 449, Dusky-brown Flycatcher  Muscicapa adusta

Revise the range description for subspecies adusta from “N and e Transvaal to Natal, Swaziland and Cape Province” to “southern South Africa”.

 

page 449, Ashy Flycatcher  Muscicapa caerulescens

Revise the range description for subspecies vultuma from “S Malawi to s Zimbabwe, e Transvaal and n Swaziland” to “southern Malawi to southeastern Zimbabwe, northeasterrn South Africa (Limpopo and Mpumalanga), and northern Swaziland”.

Revise the range description for subspecies caerulescens from “Extreme s Mozambique to Natal and e Cape Province” to “southern Mozambique, southern Swaziland, and eastern South Africa (northern Kwazulu-Natal to central Eastern Cape)”.

 

page 459, Karoo Scrub-Robin  Cercotrichas coryphaeus

Subspecies eurina, with range “Orange Free State to Lesotho”, is merged into nominate coryphaeus (Keith et al 1992). Revise the range description of coryphaeus from “S Namibia to Botswana and w Cape Province” to “Namibia, western South Africa (east to Free State), and Lesotho”.

Revise the range description for subspecies cinerea from “SE Namibia to sw Cape Province” to “southwestern South Africa (Northern Cape south of the Orange Rive south to southwestern Western Cape)”.

Reference:

Keith, S., E.K. Urban, and C.H. Fry (editors). 1992. The birds of Africa. Volume IV. Academic Press, London.

 

page 458, Brown Scrub-Robin  Cercotrichas signata

Revise the range description for subspecies tongensis from “Extreme s Mozambique to e Swaziland and n Natal” to “extreme southern Mozambique, eastern Swaziland, and northeastern South Africa (south to northern Kwazulu-Natal)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies signata from “South Africa (Transvaal and s Natal to se Cape Province)” to “South Africa (Limpopo south to southern Kwazulu-Natal and west along the coast of Eastern Cape)”.

 

page 459, Kalahari Scrub-Robin  Cercotrichas paena

Revise the range description for subspecies paena from “Botswana to Zimbabwe, w Transvaal and n Cape Province” to “Botswana and north central South Africa”.

Revise the range description for subspecies oriens from “W Orange Free State to s Transvaal and s Zimbabwe” to “southwestern Zimbabwe and northeastern South Africa”.

 

page 458, Red-backed Scrub-Robin  Cercotrichas leucophrys

With the addition of subspecies eluta and vulpina to the group Red-backed Scrub-Robin (White-winged), the scientific name for this group changes from Cercotrichas leucophrys leucoptera to Cercotrichas leucophrys [leucoptera Group].

Revise the range description for subspecies leucophrys “S Zimbabwe and Transvaal to s Cape Province” to “southern Zimbabwe and eastern South Africa, south along the coast to Eastern Cape”.

 

page 459, Madagascar Magpie-Robin  Copsychus albospecularis

Delete subspecies winterbottomi, with range “SW Madagascar”; this name may refer to a hybrid population between pica and inexpectatus (Safford and Hawkins 2013).

Reference:

Safford, R., and F. Hawkins (editors). 2013. The birds of Africa. Volume VIII. The Malagasy region. Christopher Helm, London.

 

page 459, Philippine Magpie-Robin  Copsychus mindanensis

Revise the range description from “S Philippines and Sulu Archipelago” to “Philippines (except Palawan)”.

 

page 454, Sulawesi Blue-Flycatcher  Cyornis omissus

Subspecies kalaoensis is transferred from the polytypic group Sulawesi Blue-Flycatcher (Sulawesi) to the group Sulawesi Blue-Flycatcher (Tanahjampea). Change the scientific name of the group Sulawesi Blue-Flycatcher (Sulawesi) from Cyornis omissus [omissus Group] to Cyornis omissus omissus/peromissus. Change the scientific name of the group Sulawesi Blue-Flycatcher (Tanahjampea) from Cyornis omissus djampeanus to Cyornis omissus djampeanus/kalaoensis.

 

page 452, Blue-and-white Flycatcher  Cyanoptila cyanomelana

Revise the range of nominate cyanomelana from “Japan and Korea; > to Myanmar, Thailand and Gr. Sundas” to “breeds Japan and southern Kuril Islands; the species winters south to Myanmar, Thailand, and the Greater Sundas”.

 

page 452, Island Flycatcher  Eumyias panayensis

Change the range of subspecies septentrionalis from “Montane forests of n, central and se Sulawesi” to “Sulawesi (except the south); a population on Taliabu provisionally assigned here, but may represent an undescribed subspecies”. Delete the entry for Eumyias panayensis subspecies?, with range ” Taliabu (Sula Islands) “.

 

page 457, Cape Robin-Chat  Cossypha caffra

Revise the range description for subspecies namaquensis from “S Namibia to Orange Free State and w Transvaal” to “southwestern Namibia and north central and central South Africa”.

Subspecies drakensbergi and vespera are merged into nominate caffra (Keith et al. 1992). Revise the range of caffra from “Natal to Swaziland and Cape Province” to “southwestern to eastern South Africa, Swaziland, and Zimbabwe”.

Reference:

Keith, S., E.K. Urban, and C.H. Fry (editors). 1992. The birds of Africa. Volume IV. Academic Press, London.

 

page 457, White-throated Robin-Chat  Cossypha humeralis

Revise the range description from “E Botswana to s Mozambique, e Transvaal and n Natal” to “eastern Botswana to southern Mozambique, Swaziland, and northeastern South Africa”.

 

page 457, White-browed Robin-Chat  Cossypha heuglini

Revise the range description for subspecies heuglini from “Zaire to s Sudan, s Ethiopia, Angola, Zimbabwe and e Transvaal” to “southern Chad, western Sudan, and Central African Republic east to Ethiopia, south to Angola, northern Botswana, Zimbabwe, and northern South Africa”.

Revise the range description for subspecies intermedia from “Coastal e Somalia to e Kenya, Tanzania and n Natal” to “coastal Somalia south coastally to northeastern South Africa (Kwazulu-Natal)”.

 

page 458, Red-capped Robin-Chat  Cossypha natalensis

Revise the range description for subspecies intensa from “S Somalia and Sudan to Angola, e Transvaal and Mozambique” to “southeastern Central African Republic, South Sudan, southwestern Ethiopia, and southern Somalia south to eastern Angola, northeastern South Africa, and Mozambique”.

Revise the range description for subspecies natalensis from “Coastal Natal to e Cape Province” to “eastern South Africa (Eastern Cape to Kwazulu-Natal)”.

 

page 458, Chorister Robin-Chat  Cossypha dichroa

Revise the range description for subspecies mimicia from “NE Transvaal (Zoutpansberg and Woodbush)” to “northeastern South Africa (eastern Limpopo)”.

 

page 458, White-crowned Robin-Chat  Cossypha albicapilla

Correct the spelling of the species name from albicapilla to albicapillus.

 

page 454, White-starred Robin  Pogonocichla stellata

Reposition subspecies intensa to immediately follow the heading for the species.

Revise the range description for subspecies transvaalensis from “Highlands of e Zimbabwe, ne Transvaal and Mozambique” to “eastern Zimbabwe, northeastern South African (Limpopo), and southern Mozambique”.

Revise the range description for subspecies stellata from “Zululand and Natal to Orange Free State and s Cape Province” to “southern and eastern South Africa (from southern Western Cape to Free State and Kwazulu-Natal)”.

 

page 456, Bluethroat  Luscinia svecica

Change the English name of the monotypic group Luscinia svecica magna from Bluethroat (Turkish) to Bluethroat (Caucasian) to conform to prevailing usage.

 

page 456, Red-flanked Bluetail  Tarsiger cyanurus

Correct the range from “n Russia to n Japan and Afghanistan to Nepal; winters to s China, Gr. Sundas, Myanmar, Thailand and Laos” to “breeds from Finland and northern Russia to east to Mongolia, northeast China, Korea, and Japan; resident in Japan (except for Hokkaido), otherwise winters to southern China, Taiwan, Indochina, Myanmar, and Thailand” (Cramp 1988).

Reference:

Cramp, S. (chief editor). 1988. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa. The birds of the Western Palearctic. Volume 5. Oxford University Press, New York and Oxford, United Kingdom.

 

page 456, Himalayan Bluetail  Tarsiger rufilatus

Correct the range from “Nepal to ne India and sw China; > to Indochina” to “breeds in the Himalayas from northwestern Pakistan east to southwestern China; primarily resident (although moving to lower elevations in winter), some migrating to northeastern India (Assam) and northern Myanmar” (Cramp 1988, Rasmussen and Anderton 2012).

References:

Cramp, S. (chief editor). 1988. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa. The birds of the Western Palearctic. Volume 5. Oxford University Press, New York and Oxford, United Kingdom.

Rasmussen, P.C., and J.C. Anderton. 2012. Birds of South Asia. The Ripley guide. Volume 2: attributes and status. Second edition. Smithsonian Institution and Lynx Edicions, Washington D.C. and Barcelona.

 

page 401, Short-toed Rock-Thrush  Monticola brevipes

Delete subspecies niveiceps, which is considered to be a synonym of nominate brevipes. Revise the range description of brevipes from “W Angola (Huila escarpment)” to “Angola to Namibia, Botswana, and western South Africa”.

Revise the range description for subspecies pretoriae from “Mountains of se Botswana to w Transvaal” to “southeastern Botswana, central South Africa (east from Northern Cape), and Swaziland”.

 

page 401, Sentinel Rock-Thrush  Monticola explorator

Revise the range of subspecies explorator from “Lowlands of Natal to Transvaal and sw Cape Province” to “eastern and southern South Africa (south to southwestern Western Cape)”.

 

page 462, African Stonechat  Saxicola torquatus

Subspecies altivagus, with range “Highlands of s Malawi and adj. Mozambique to n Transvaal”, is deleted (Keith et al. 1992); revise the range description for subspecies promiscuus from “Highlands of e Tanzania” to “highlands of southern and southeastern Tanzania, northern and western Mozambique, eastern Zimbabwe, and Malawi”.

Revise the range description for subspecies stonei from “Angola to w Tanzania, s Mozambique and n Cape Province” to “southern Democratic Republic of the Congo and western Tanzania to southern and eastern Angola, northeastern Namibia, Zambia, central Zimbabwe, eastern and northern Botswana, and northern South Africa”.

Revise the range description for subspecies torquatus from “SW Cape Province to Natal and Transvaal” to “South Africa (Western Cape to Limpopo) and wesern Swaziland”.

Reference:

Keith, S., E.K. Urban, and C.H. Fry (editors). 1992. The birds of Africa. Volume IV. Academic Press, London.

 

page 463, Buff-streaked Bushchat  Saxicola bifasciatus

Revise the range description from “Rocky montane areas of Natal to Transvaal and Cape Province” to “South Africa (Limpopo south to Kwazulu-Natal and Eastern Cape), western Swaziland, and Lesotho”.

 

page 466, White-headed Black-Chat  Myrmecocichla arnotti

Revise the range description for subspecies arnotti from “SW Zaire to Namibia, Zambia, Tanzania, Malawi and n Transvaal” to “Rwanda, Burundi, western and southern Tanzania, and southeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo to northeastern Namibia, Zambia, northeastern Botswana, Malawi, northern Mozambique, Zimbabwe, and northeastern South Africa”.

 

page 466, Mocking Cliff-Chat  Thamnolaea cinnamomeiventris

Revise the range description for subspecies cinnamomeiventris from “E Transvaal to Orange Free State, Natal and e Cape Province” to “centrral South Africa”.

Revise the range description for subspecies autochthones from “E Transvaal to Orange Free State, Natal and e Cape Province” to “centrral South Africa”.

 

page 464, Sicklewing Chat  Cercomela sinuata

Revise the range description for subspecies ensifera from “S Namibia to Transvaal, Orange Free State and n Cape Province” to “southern Namibia and north central South Africa”.

Revise the range description for subspecies hypernephela from “South Africa (arid regions of Lesotho); > to Natal” to “Lesotho; to adjacent South Africa (Kwazulu-Natal) in winter”.

Revise the range description for subspecies sinuata from “South Africa (s Cape Province) to “southwestern South Africa”.

 

page 464, Karoo Chat  Cercomela schlegelii

Revise the range description for subspecies namaquensis from “S Namibia to nw Cape Province” to “southern Namibia and northwestern South Africa”.

Revise the range description for subspecies pollux from “South Africa (w Orange Free State and Cape Province)” to “southwestern and central South Africa (east to western Free State)”.

 

page 465, Familiar Chat  Cercomela familiaris

Revise the range description for subspecies galtoni from “E Namibia to w Botswana and n Cape Province” to “eastern Namibia to western Botswana and northwestern South Africa”.

Revise the range description for subspecies hellmayri from “SE Botswana to Zimbabwe, Transvaal and Orange Free State” to “southeastern Botswana, Zimbabwe, and east central South Africa (south to Free State)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies actuosa from “Drakensberg, Transkei, w Natal and Lesotho” to “Lesotho and southeastern South Africa (Eastern Cape to western Kwasulu-Natal)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies familiaris from “S Mozambique to Natal and s Cape Province” to “southwestern South Africa”.

 

page 463, Black Wheatear  Oenanthe leucura

The correct scientific name for the subspecies in north Africa is riggenbachi, not syenitica (Shirihai et al. 2014).

Reference:

Shirihai, H., M. Schweizer, G.M. Kirwan, and L. Svensson. 2014. Saxicola syenitica Heuglin, 1869 (Aves: Passeriformes: Muscicapidae), an overlooked taxon of Oenanthe? Zootaxa 3785: 1-24.

 

page 463, Mountain Wheatear  Oenanthe monticola

Revise the range description for subspecies monticola from “S Botswana and Transvaal to Swaziland and Natal” to “southern Namibia, South Africa (east to Limpopo and western Kwazulu-Natal), Lesotho, and western Swaziland”.

 

page 463, Mourning Wheatear  Oenanthe lugens

Change the scientific name of the group Mourning Weaver (Mourning) from Oenanthe lugens [lugens Group] to Oenanthe lugens lugens/persica.

 

page 403, Gray Ground-Thrush  Geokichla princei

Correct a typographic error in the range description for subspecies pilettei: change Vallei to Valley.

 

page 403, Orange Ground-Thrush  Geokichla gurneyi

Revise the range description for subspecies disruptans from “Central Malawi to Mozambique, e Zimbabwe and n Transvaal” to “central Malawi to Mozambique, eastern Zimbabwe, northeastern South Africa (Limpopo), and northern Swaziland”.

Revise the range description for subspecies gurneyi from “South Africa (Natal and e Cape Province)” to “eastern South Africa (Kwazulu-Natal and Eastern Cape)”.

 

page 402, Rusty-backed Thrush  Geokichla erythronota

Delete the entry for Geokichla erythronota subspecies?, with range “Taliabu I. (Sula Islands)”; this population belongs with Red-and-black Thrush Geokichla mendeni.

 

page 402, Red-and-black Thrush  Geokichla mendeni

Revise the range from “Peleng I. (Banggai Islands)” to “Peleng (Banggai Islands) and Taliabu (Sula Islands)”.

 

page 402, Geomalia  Geomalia heinrichi

The monotypic genus Geomalia is embedded within the genus Zoothera, although the position of Geomalia heinrichi within Zoothera is unresolved (Olsson and Alström (2013). Change the scientific name to Zoothera heinrichi, and reposition Geomalia immediately following Plain-backed Thrush (Zoothera mollissima).

Reference:

Olsson, U., and P. Alström. 2013. Molecular evidence suggests that the enigmatic Sulawesi endemic Geomalia heinrichi belongs in the genus Zoothera (Turdidae, Aves). Chinese Birds 4: 155-160.

 

page 404, New Britain Thrush  Zoothera talaseae

With the addition of Bougainville Thrush (Zoothera atrigena), revise the range of New Britain Thrush from “Bismarck Archipelago (New Britain and Umboi) and Bougainville” to “Bismarck Archipelago (New Britain and Umboi)”.

 

page 408, Kurrichane Thrush  Turdus libonyana

Revise the range description for subspecies libonyana from “E Botswana to Transvaal and n Cape Province” to “eastern Botswana to Mozambique, northeastern South Africa, and Swaziland”.

Revise the range description for subspecies peripheris from “S Mozambique (Maputo) to Natal and se Swaziland” to “eastern South Africa (Kwazulu-Natal), southeastern Swaziland, and southern Mozambique”.

 

page 407, Olive Thrush  Turdus olivaceus

Revise the range description for subspecies culminans from “Natal (Drakensberg to Nkandhla, Qudeni and Ngorne forests)” to “eastern South Africa (western Kwazulu-Natal)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies transvaalensis from “N and e Transvaal and w Swaziland” to “northeastern South Africa and western Swaziland”.

Revise the range description for subspecies pondoensis from “Natal and Swaziland to Transkei and e Cape Province” to “southeastern South Africa (eastern Kwazulu-Natal and Eastern Cape)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies olivaceus from “South Africa (sw Cape Province)” to “southwestern South Africa (Western Cape)”.

 

page 408, Karoo Thrush  Turdus smithi

Revise the range description from “S Namibia to se Botswana, sw Transvaal and n Cape Province” to “southern Namibia to southeastern Botswana and northeastern South Africa”.

 

page 409, Island Thrush  Turdus poliocephalus

Change the English name of the monotypic group Turdus poliocephalus ruficeps from Island Thrush (Rufous-fronted) to Island Thrush (Kadavu). Revise the range description from “Kandavu (Fiji)” to “Kadavu (Fiji)”.

 

page 411, Mountain Thrush  Turdus plebejus

We synonymize the subspecies rafaelensis with differens, following Hellmayr (1934), Monroe (1968), and Martínez-Sánchez and Will (2010); we retain differens for now, although Mountain Thrush probably is best regarded as monotypic (e.g., Collar 2005). Revise the range of subspecies differens from “Mountains of se Mexico (extreme se Chiapas) and Guatemala” to “highlands of southern Mexico (southeastern Oaxaca and southern Chiapas) south through the highlands of Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras to Nicaragua”.

References:

Collar, N.J. 2005. Family Turdidae (thrushes). Pages 514-807 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 10. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Hellmayr, C.E. 1934. Catalogue of birds of the Americas. Part VII. Field Museum of Natural History Zoological Series volume 13, part 8.

Martínez-Sánchez, J.C., and T. Will (editors). 2010. Thomas R. Howell’s check-list of the birds of Nicaragua as of 1993. Ornithological Monographs number 68. American Ornithologists’ Union, Washington, D.C.

Monroe, B.L., Jr. 1968. A distributional survey of the birds of Honduras. Ornithological Monographs number 7. American Ornithologists’ Union.

 

page 404, Forest Thrush  Turdus lherminieri

Replace the subspecies name montserrati with an older available name, dorotheae (Kuziemko and Brammer 2013).

Reference:

Kuziemko, M., and F.D. Brammer. 2013. The name of the Forest Thrush Cichlherminia lherminieri on Montserrat. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 133: 318.

 

page 596, Metallic Starling  Aplonis metallica

Revise the range of subspecies purpureiceps from “Admiralty Islands)” to “Admiralty Islands (Manus and Los Negros Islands)”.

 

page 596, San Cristobal Starling  Aplonis dichroa

Change the English name from San Cristobal Starling to Makira Starling. Revise the range description from “Lowland forests of San Cristóbal (s Solomon Islands)” to “Makira (Solomon Islands)”.

 

page 597, Polynesian Starling  Aplonis tabuensis

Correct a typographic error in the range description for subspecies brunnescens: change Isands to Islands.

 

page 534, Scarlet-tufted Sunbird  Deleornis fraseri

Change the English name of Deleornis fraseri from Scarlet-tufted Sunbird to Fraser’s Sunbird, following Dowset and Forbes-Watson (1993), Fry et al. (2000), Borrow and Demey (2001), and other authors.

References:

Borrow, N., and R. Demey. 2001. A guide to birds of western Africa. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Dowsett, R.J., and A.D. Forbes-Watson. 1993. Checklist of birds of the Afrotropical and Malagasy regions. Volume 1: species limits and distribution. Tauraco Press, Liège, Belgium.

Fry, C.H., S. Keith, and E.K. Urban (editors). 2000. The birds of Africa. Volume VI. Academic Press, London.

 

page 534, Plain-throated Sunbird  Anthreptes malacensis

Revise the range of subspecies cagayensis from “Cagayan Sulu I. (Sulu Sea)” to “Mapun (southern Philippines)”, to reflect the recent change of the name of this island.

 

page 535, Violet-tailed Sunbird  Anthreptes aurantium

Correct the spelling of the species name from aurantium to aurantius.

 

page 535, Little Green Sunbird  Anthreptes seimundi

Change the English name of Anthreptes seimundi from Little Green Sunbird to Seimund’s Sunbird.

 

page 538, Southern Double-collared Sunbird  Cinnyris chalybeus

Revise the range description for subspecies subalaris from “N Transvaal to Swaziland, Natal and e Cape Province” to “eastern South Africa (Eastern Cape to Limpopo) and Swaziland”.

Revise the range description for subspecies albilateralis from “South Africa (w Cape Province)” to “northwestern South Africa (western Northern Cape)”.

 

page 539, Greater Double-collared Sunbird  Cinnyris afer

Revise the range description for subspecies saliens from “E Cape and Natal to Transvaal and w Swaziland” to “eastern South Africa (Limpopo and eastern Gauteng to northwestern Kwazulu-Natal and Eastern Cape), western Swaziland, and eastern Lesotho”.

Revise the range description for subspecies afer from “South Africa (sw and s Cape Province)” to “southern South Africa (southern Western Cape and southwestern Eastern Cape)”.

 

page 540, White-breasted Sunbird  Cinnyris talatala

Revise the range description from “SE Zaire to Angola, Tanzania, Zambia, n Natal and s Transvaal” to “southwestern Angola and northern Namibia east to southeastern Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, northern and eastern Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Swaziland, and eastern South Africa (North West and Limpopo to Free State and Kwazulu-Natal)”.

 

page 367, African Pied Wagtail  Motacilla aguimp

Revise the range description for subspecies aguimp from “Namibia to Orange Free State, Lesotho and sw Transvaal” to “South Africa (North-West and Free State west along the Gariep [Orange] River to southernmost Namibia) and Lesotho”.

 

page 363, Australasian Pipit  Anthus novaeseelandiae

Revise the range of subspecies novaeseelandiae from “South I. (New Zealand)” to “New Zealand (North and South Islands, Stewart Island)”.

Revise the range of for subspecies aucklandicus from “Auckland Islands” to “Auckland Islands and Campbell Island”.

 

page 364, Long-billed Pipit  Anthus similis

Revise the range description for subspecies hararensis from “highlands of Eritrea and Ethiopia” to “highlands of Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, and northern Tanzania”.

 

page 366, Bush Pipit  Anthus caffer

Revise the range description for subspecies caffer from “SE Botswana to sw Zimbabwe, Transvaal, w Swaziland, n Natal” to “southeastern Botswana, southwestern Zimbabwe, northeastern South Africa, and western Swaziland”.

Revise the range description for subspecies traylori from “S Mozambique, adjacent e Transvaal and extreme ne Natal” to “northeastern South Africa (eastern Limpopo and northeastern Kwazulu-Natal), eastern Swaziland, and extreme southern Mozambique”.

 

page 366, Yellow-breasted Pipit  Hemimacronyx chloris

Revise the range description from “S Transvaal to w Natal, Orange Free State, Lesotho, e Cape Prov.” to “eastern South Africa (Mpumalanga south to northeastern Eastern Cape) and Lesotho”.

 

page 387, Gray Silky-flycatcher  Ptilogonys cinereus

Long-tailed Silky-flycatcher  Ptilogonys caudatus

The spelling of the genus name for Gray Silky-flycatcher and Long-tailed Silky-flycatcher is corrected from Ptilogonys to Ptiliogonys, following Gregory and Dickinson (2012) and NACC (Chesser et al. 2013).

References:

Chesser, R.T., R.C. Banks, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, A.G. Navarro-Sigüenza, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2014. Fifty-fifth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American Birds. Auk 131 (4): CSi-CSxv.

Gregory, S.M.S., and E.C. Dickinson. 2012. An assessment of three little-noticed papers on avian nomenclature by G. N. Kashin during 1978–1982. Zootaxa 3340: 44-58.

 

page 643, Masked Yellowthroat  Geothlypis aequinoctialis

The group Masked Yellowthroat (Masked) is monotypic; change the scientific name of this group from Geothlypis aequinoctialis aequinoctialis/peruviana to Geothlypis aequinoctialis aequinoctialis.

The group Masked Yellowthroat (Black-lored) is polytypic. Transfer subspecies peruviana from the group Masked Yellowthroat (Masked) to this group, and change the scientific name of the group Masked Yellowthroat (Black-lored) from Geothlypis aequinoctialis auricularis to Geothlypis aequinoctialis auricularis/peruviana.

 

page 649, Cone-billed Tanager  Conothraupis mesoleuca

Correct a typographic error in the range description: change “redisccovered” to “rediscovered”.

 

page 653, Gray-headed Tanager  Eucometis penicillata

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from spodocephala to spodocephalus.

 

page 657, Lacrimose Mountain-Tanager  Anisognathus lacrymosus

Correct a typographic error in the range description for subspecies yariguierum: change Santandar to Santander.

 

page 662, Black-faced Dacnis  Dacnis lineata

Subspecies aequatorialis belongs with the group Black-faced Dacnis (Yellow-tufted), and so the scientific name of this group changes from Dacnis lineata egregia to Dacnis lineata egregia/aequatorialis. As a result Black-faced Dacnis (Black-faced) becomes a monotypic group, Dacnis lineata lineata.

 

page 668, White-bridled Finch  Melanodera melanodera

Change the English name of the monotypic group Melanodera melanodera princetoniana from White-bridled Finch (Fuegan) to White-bridled Finch (Fuegian).

 

patges 670-672 Seedeaters  Sporophila, Dolospingus

Seed-Finches  Oryzoborus

The sequence of species in the genus Sporophila is revised, in accord with SACC Proposal 605 and with NACC (Chesser et al. 2014); as part of this revision, the genera Oryzoborus (seed-finches) and Dolospingus (White-naped Seedeater) are merged into Sporophila, in accord with SACC Proposal 604 and with NACC (Chesser et al. 2014). These changes are based largely on Mason and Burns (2013). The sequence of species that we adopt for Sporophila is as follows:

Lesson’s Seedeater Sporophila bouvronides

Lined Seedeater Sporophila lineola

White-bellied Seedeater Sporophila leucoptera

Parrot-billed Seedeater Sporophila peruviana

Chestnut-throated Seedeater Sporophila telasco

Drab Seedeater Sporophila simplex

Chestnut-bellied Seedeater Sporophila castaneiventris

Ruddy-breasted Seedeater Sporophila minuta

Black-and-tawny Seedeater Sporophila nigrorufa

Copper Seedeater Sporophila bouvreuil

Pearly-bellied Seedeater Sporophila pileata

Tawny-bellied Seedeater Sporophila hypoxantha

Dark-throated Seedeater Sporophila ruficollis

Marsh Seedeater Sporophila palustris

Rufous-rumped Seedeater Sporophila hypochroma

Chestnut Seedeater Sporophila cinnamomea

Black-bellied Seedeater Sporophila melanogaster

Thick-billed Seed-Finch Sporophila funerea

Chestnut-bellied Seed-Finch Sporophila angolensis

Nicaraguan Seed-Finch Sporophila nuttingi

Great-billed Seed-Finch Sporophila maximiliani

Large-billed Seed-Finch Sporophila crassirostris

Black-billed Seed-Finch Sporophila atrirostris

Variable Seedeater Sporophila corvina

Gray Seedeater Sporophila intermedia

Wing-barred Seedeater Sporophila americana

Caqueta Seedeater Sporophila murallae

White-collared Seedeater Sporophila torqueola

White-naped Seedeater Sporophila fringilloides

Black-and-white Seedeater Sporophila luctuosa

Yellow-bellied Seedeater Sporophila nigricollis

Dubois’s Seedeater Sporophila ardesiaca

Double-collared Seedeater Sporophila caerulescens

Slate-colored Seedeater Sporophila schistacea

Temminck’s Seedeater Sporophila falcirostris

Buffy-fronted Seedeater Sporophila frontalis

Plumbeous Seedeater Sporophila plumbea

Tropeiro Seedeater Sporophila beltoni

Rusty-collared Seedeater Sporophila collaris

White-throated Seedeater Sporophila albogularis

References:

Chesser, R.T., R.C. Banks, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, A.G. Navarro-Sigüenza, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2014. Fifty-fifth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American Birds. Auk 131 (4): CSi-CSxv.

Mason, N.A., and K.J. Burns. 2013. Molecular phylogenetics of the Neotropical seedeaters and seed-finches (Sporophila, Oryzoborus, Dolospingus). Ornitología Neotropical 24: 139–155.

 

page 672, Thick-billed Seed-Finch  Oryzoborus funereus

Note the change in the species name when Thick-billed Seed-Finch is moved into Sporophila: Oryzoborus funereus changes to Sporophila funerea.

 

page 671, Large-billed Seed-Finch  Oryzoborus crassirostris

As is documented above, the Large-billed Seed-Finch is transferred to the genus Sporophila.

Revise the range of subspecies crassirostris from from “Colombia east of Andes to Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil” to “eastern Colombia east to Venezuela, the Guianas, and northern Brazil, and south to northeastern Peru”.

Revise the range of subspecies occidentalis from “Tropical se Colombia to e Ecuador, e Peru and n Bolivia” to “western Colombia south to southwestern Ecuador”. Delete the entry for Sporophila crassirostris ssp., with range “Pacific slope of w Colombia to sw Ecuador”.

 

page 670, Variable Seedeater  Sporophila corvina

Revise the range of subspecies corvina from “Caribbean slope of e Mexico (Veracruz) to Nicaragua” to “Caribbean slope of eastern Mexico (Veracruz) south to western Panama (Bocas del Toro); intergrades with Sporophila corvina hicksii in central Panama (Canal Zone)” (Olson 1981).

Revise the range of subspecies hoffmannii from “S Costa Rica and w Panama” to “Pacific slope of southern Costa Rica and of western Panama (Chiriquí)” (Olson 1981).

Revise the range of subspecies hicksi from “Pacific slope of e Panama (Darién) and w Colombia” to “Pacific slope of Panama from central Veraguas east to Darién, the Atlantic slope of eastern Panama, and the Pacific slope of Colombia south to Valle” (Olson 1981).

Revise the range of subspecies ophthalmica from “SW Colombia w of Andes to Ecuador and n Peru (La Libertad)” to “Pacific slope from southwestern Colombia through Ecuador to northwestern Peru (south to La Libertad)”.

Reference:

Olson, S.L. 1981. The nature of the variability in the Variable Seedeater in Panama (Sporophila americana: Emberizinae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 94: 380-390.

 

page 667, Many-colored Chaco Finch  Saltatricula multicolor

The genus Saltatricula is moved to a position immediately before the genus Saltator, in accord with SACC.

 

pages 688-689, Saltators and Grosbeaks  Saltator

The sequence of species in the genus Saltator is revised, following SACC Proposal 593; this rearrangement is based on Chaves et al. (2013). The sequence of species that we adopt for Saltator is as follows:

Black-throated Saltator Saltator atricollis

Buff-throated Saltator Saltator maximus

Black-winged Saltator Saltator atripennis

Black-headed Saltator Saltator atriceps

Orinocan Saltator Saltator orenocensis

Grayish Saltator Saltator coerulescens

Streaked Saltator Saltator striatipectus

Green-winged Saltator Saltator similis

Black-cowled Saltator Saltator nigriceps

Thick-billed Saltator Saltator maxillosus

Golden-billed Saltator Saltator aurantiirostris

Masked Saltator Saltator cinctus

Slate-colored Grosbeak Saltator grossus

Black-throated Grosbeak Saltator fuliginosus

Reference:

Chaves, J.C., J.R. Hidalgo, and J. Klicka. 2013. Biogeography and evolutionary history of the Neotropical genus Saltator (Aves: Thraupini). Journal of Biogeography 40: 2180–2190.

 

page 683, Bell’s Sparrow  Artemisiospiza belli

Revise the range description for subspecies belli from “Coastal sage and chaparral of California, nw Baja, San Clemente I.” to “coastal sage and chaparral of California and northwestern Baja California”.

 

page 685, Song Sparrow  Melospiza melodia

Revise the range description for subspecies sanaka from “Aleutian Islands (Seguam to Unimak and Sanak to Semidi)” to “Aleutian Islands (Seguam to Unimak, Sanak to Amak)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies morphna from “SW British Columbia to sw Oregon; > to n California” to “southwestern British Columbia to southwestern Oregon; winters to central California”.

 

page 649, Common Chlorospingus  Chlorospingus flavopectus

Add Chlorospingus flavopectus olsoni Avendaño, Stiles and Cadena 2013, a newly described subspecies of Common Chlorospingus, with range “east slope of the Eastern Andes of Colombia (Boyacá, Caanare, and Cundinamarca)”. Insert this subspecies immediately following Chlorospingus flavopectus eminens.

Reference:

Avendaño, J.E., F.G. Stiles, and C.D. Cadena. 2013. A new subspecies of Common Bush-Tanager (Chlorospingus flavopectus, Emberizidae) from the east slope of the Andes of Colombia. Ornitología Colombiana 13: 44-58.

 

page 665, Cinereous Bunting  Emberiza cineracea

Revise the range description for the monotypic group Cinereous Bunting (Western) Emberiza cineracea cineracea from “Arid rocky slopes of w and s Turkey” to “breeds western and southern Turkey, east to the eastern Taurus Mountains; winter range not well known, but reported from eastern Sudan and Eritrea”.

Revise the range description for the monotypic group Cinereous Bunting (Eastern) Emberiza cineracea semenowi from “Zagros Mountains (sw Iran); > to Yemen, Sudan and Eritrea” to “breeds in southeastern Turkey (west to Gaziantep) and southwestern Iran (Zagros Mountains); winter range not well known, but reported from Yemen, northeastern Sudan, and Eritrea”.

 

page 665, Lark-like Bunting  Emberiza impetuani

Revise the range description for subspecies eremica from “S Angola to n Namibia and nw Cape Province” to “coastal southern Angola to Namibia and northwestern South Africa”.

Revise the range description for subspecies impetuani from “Arid scrub of w Cape Province to Botswana and sw Zimbabwe” to “northern South Africa to western Botswana and southwestern Zimbabwe”.

Revise the range description for subspecies sloggetti for “W, s and cent. Cape Province to w Free State and s Transvaal” to “western South Africa”.

 

page 665, Cape Bunting  Emberiza capensis

Revise the range description for subspecies cinnamomea from “Cape Province to s Transvaal and w Free State” to “central South Africa (southern Nortern Cape and Eastern Cape to western Free State)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies limpopoensis from “SE Botswana to central and sw Transvaal” to “southeastern Botswana and adjacent South Africa (North West and Limpopo)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies reidi from “N Lesotho, e Free State, KwaZulu-Natal and adj. Transvaal” to “northeastern South Africa (eastern Free State to central KwaZulu-Natal), northern Leosotho, and western Swaziland”.

 

page 690, Golden-bellied Grosbeak  Pheucticus chrysogaster

In accord with SACC (Proposal 625), change the English name of Pheucticus chrysogaster from Golden-bellied Grosbeak to Golden Grosbeak.

 

page 693, Meadowlarks  Sturnella

The sequence of species in Sturnella is revised, in accord with SACC (Proposal 612); this revision is based on Powell et al. (2014). The sequence of species that we adopt is as follows:

Western Meadowlark Sturnella neglecta

Eastern Meadowlark Sturnella magna

Red-breasted Blackbird Sturnella militaris

White-browed Blackbird Sturnella superciliaris

Peruvian Meadowlark Sturnella bellicosa

Pampas Meadowlark Sturnella defilippii

Long-tailed Meadowlark Sturnella loyca

Reference:

Powell, A.F.L.A., F.K. Barker, S.M. Lanyon, K.J. Burns, J. Klicka, and I.J. Lovette.  2014. A comprehensive species-level molecular phylogeny of the New World blackbirds (Icteridae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 71: 94-112.

 

page 693, Eastern Meadowlark  Sturnella magna

Subspecies sauropectoralis and saundersi are transferred from the group Eastern Meadowlark (Eastern) to the group Eastern Meadowlark (Lilian’s), As a result, the group Eastern Meadowlark (Lilian’s) becomes polytypic; change the scientific name of this group from Sturnella magna lilianae to Sturnella magna [lilianae Group].

 

page 698, Forbes’s Blackbird  Curaeus forbesi

Powell et al. (2014) demonstrated the genus Curaeus is not monophyletic, and proposed a new genus, Anumara, for Forbes’s Blackbird. This revision was accepted by SACC (Proposal 613); accordingly, change the scientific name of this species from Curaeus forbesi to Anumara forbesi.

Reference:

Powell, A.F.L.A., F.K. Barker, S.M. Lanyon, K.J. Burns, J. Klicka, and I.J. Lovette.  2014. A comprehensive species-level molecular phylogeny of the New World blackbirds (Icteridae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 71: 94-112.

 

page 695, Yellow-backed Oriole  Icterus chrysater

Correct a typographic error and revise the range of subspecies hondae from “Colombia (upper Magdalena Valle” to “Colombia (upper Magdalena Valley).”

 

page 697, Yellow-winged Cacique  Cacicus melanicterus

In accord with NACC (Chesser et al. 2014), Yellow-winged Cacique Cacicus melanicterus is transferred to the monotypic genus Cassiculus; this revision is based on Powell et al. (2014). Consequently the scientific name changes to Cassiculus melanicterus. Reposition Yellow-winged Cacique to immediately follow Yellow-billed Cacique (Amblycercus holosericeus).

References:

Chesser, R.T., R.C. Banks, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, A.G. Navarro-Sigüenza, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2014. Fifty-fifth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American Birds. Auk 131 (4): CSi-CSxv.

Powell, A.F.L.A., F.K. Barker, S.M. Lanyon, K.J. Burns, J. Klicka, and I.J. Lovette.  2014. A comprehensive species-level molecular phylogeny of the New World blackbirds (Icteridae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 71: 94-112.

 

page 697, Caciques  Cacicus

The sequence of species in Cacicus is revised, in accord with SACC; this revision is based in Powell et al. (2014). The sequence of species in Cacicus that we adopt is as follows:

Solitary Black Cacique Cacicus solitarius

Golden-winged Cacique Cacicus chrysopterus

Ecuadorian Cacique Cacicus sclateri

Selva Cacique Cacicus koepckeae

Scarlet-rumped Cacique Cacicus uropygialis

Yellow-rumped Cacique Cacicus cela

Mountain Cacique Cacicus chrysonotus

Band-tailed Oropendola Cacicus latirostris

Red-rumped Cacique Cacicus haemorrhous

Casqued Oropendola Cacicus oseryi

Reference:

Powell, A.F.L.A., F.K. Barker, S.M. Lanyon, K.J. Burns, J. Klicka, and I.J. Lovette.  2014. A comprehensive species-level molecular phylogeny of the New World blackbirds (Icteridae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 71: 94-112.

 

page 698, Band-tailed Oropendola  Ocyalus latirostris

In accord with SACC (Proposal 611), Band-tailed Oropendola Ocyalus latirostris is transferred to the genus Cacicus; this revision is based on Powell et al. (2014). Consequently the scientific name changes to Cacicus latirostris, and the genus Ocyalus no longer is recognized. Reposition Band-tailed Oropendola to immediately follow Mountain Cacique (Cacicus chrysonotus).

Reference:

Powell, A.F.L.A., F.K. Barker, S.M. Lanyon, K.J. Burns, J. Klicka, and I.J. Lovette.  2014. A comprehensive species-level molecular phylogeny of the New World blackbirds (Icteridae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 71: 94-112.

 

page 698, Casqued Oropendola  Clypicterus oseryi

In accord with SACC (Proposal 611), Casqued Oropendola Clypicterus oseryi is transferred to the genus Cacicus; this revision is based on Powell et al. (2014). Consequently the scientific name changes to Cacicus oseryi, and the genus Clypicterus no longer is recognized. Reposition Casqued Oropendola to immediately follow Red-rumped Cacique (Cacicus haemorrhous).

Reference:

Powell, A.F.L.A., F.K. Barker, S.M. Lanyon, K.J. Burns, J. Klicka, and I.J. Lovette.  2014. A comprehensive species-level molecular phylogeny of the New World blackbirds (Icteridae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 71: 94-112.

 

page 638, Ou  Psittirostra psittacea

Revise the range description from “Humid montane forests of Hawaiian Islands (Hawaii and Kauai)” to “humid montane forests of Hawaiian Islands (Hawaii and Kauai), but last reported in the late 1980s; also formerly Oahu, Molokai, Lanai, and Maui”.

 

page 629, Chinese Beautiful Rosefinch  Carpodacus davidianus

Subspecies argyrophrys, previously included in Chinese Beautiful Rosefinch (Carpodacus davidianus), instead belongs with Himalayan Beautiful Rosefinch (Carpodacus pulcherrimus) (Tietze et al. 2013).

Subspecies waltoni is transferred from Chinese Beautiful Rosefinch to Pink-rumped Rosefinch (Carpodacus eos) (Tietze et al. 2013). The name waltoni 1905 has priority over the name eos Stresemann 1930, however, so change the species name of Pink-rumped Rosefinch to Carpodacus waltoni.

Reference:

Tietze, D.T., M. Päkert, J. Martens, H. Lehmann, and Y-H. Sun. 2013.  Complete phylogeny and historical biogeography of true rosefinches (Aves: Carpodacus). Zoological Journal of Linnean Society 169: 215-234.

 

page 631, Lesser Redpoll  Acanthis cabaret

Revise the range description from “British Isles, Alps and mountains of Czechoslovakia” to “Formerly restricted to British Isles and the Alps; the breeding range has expanded in recent decades, and now occurs discontinuously eastwards through southern Norway, southwestern Sweden, and Denmark east to southern Poland, Slovakia, and northern Romania. Introduced (mostly or entirely cabaret?) to New Zealand”.

 

page 634, Cape Canary  Serinus canicollis

Revise the range description for subspecies thompsonae from “Transvaal and Natal to e Griqualand” to “northern and eastern South Africa (south to eastern Free State and southern Kwazulu-Natal), Lesotho, and western Swaziland”.

Revise the range description for subspecies canicollis from “W and sw Cape Province to e Cape and w Free State” to “southern South Africa (Western Cape east to western Free State and northeastern Eastern Cape)”.

 

page 635, Yellow-fronted Canary  Serinus mozambicus

Revise the range description for subspecies mozambicus from “Coastal Kenya and Mafia I. to Zambia, Mozambique, n Transvaal” to “coastal Kenya and Mafia I. (Tanzania) south to Zimbabwe, Mozambique, eastern and southeastern Botswana, and northeastern South Africa (North West and Limpopo to Free State)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies granti from “S Mozambique (s of Limpopo R.) to e Transvaal and e Cape Prov.” to “eastern South Africa (Mpumalanga and Kwazulu-Natal south to Eastern Cape), eastern Swaziland, and southern Mozambique”.

 

page 635, Yellow-fronted Canary  Serinus mozambicus

Revise the range description for subspecies mozambicus from “Coastal Kenya and Mafia I. to Zambia, Mozambique, n Transvaal” to “coastal Kenya and Mafia I. (Tanzania) south to Zimbabwe, Mozambique, eastern and southeastern Botswana, and northeastern South Africa (North West and Limpopo to Free State)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies granti from “S Mozambique (s of Limpopo R.) to e Transvaal and e Cape Prov.” to “eastern South Africa (Mpumalanga and Kwazulu-Natal south to Eastern Cape), eastern Swaziland, and southern Mozambique”.

 

page 634, Forest Canary  Serinus scotops

Revise the range description for subspecies kirbyi from “Highland evergreen forests of n and e Transvaal” to “northeastern South Africa (Limpopo)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies umbrosus from “SE Transvaal to w Zululand, Natal and coastal s Cape Province” to “eastern and southern South Africa (from Mpumalanga and western Kwazulu-Natal south to southern Western Cape)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies scotops from “Coastal s Natal and e Cape Province” to “eastern South Africa (coastal southern Kwazulu-Natal and coastal Eastern Cape), eastern Lesotho, and northern Swaziland”.

 

page 634, Black-throated Canary  Serinus atrogularis

Revise the range description for subspecies semideserti from “S Angola to n Namibia, Botswana, s Zambia and nw Transvaal” to “southern Angola to northern Namibia, Botswana, southwestern Zambia, western Zimbabwe, and northern South Africa (northwestern Limpopo)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies atrogularis from “Transvaal to adj. n Free State, se Botswana and Zimbabwe” to “Zimbabwe (except southwest), southeastern Botswana, and northern South Africa (southwestern Limpopo)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies impiger from “NE Cape Province to Free State, Lesotho, se Transvaal, Natal” to “central South Africa (southeastern North West and Mpumalanga to Free State, northern Eastern Cape, and western Kwazulu-Natal) and Lesotho”.

 

page 635, Lemon-breasted Seedeater  Serinus citrinipectus

Revise the range description from “S Mozambique, s Malawi, se Zimbabwe, e Transvaal, ne Natal” to “southern Malawi, northwestern and southern Mozambique, southeastern Zimbabwe, and northeastern South Africa (northeastern Limpopo and northern Kwazulu-Natal)”.

 

page 635, Brimstone Canary  Serinus sulphuratus

Revise the range description for subspecies wilsoni from “S Mozambique and S Africa (Transvaal to e Cape Province)” to “eastern South Africa (eastern Limpopo south to Kwazulu-Natal and Eastern Cape), Swaziland, and southern Mozambique”.

Revise the range description for subspecies sulphuratus from “SW and s Cape Province” to “southern South Africa (southern Western Cape and western Eastern Cape)”.

 

page 635, Yellow Canary  Serinus flaviventris

Revise the range description for subspecies marshalli from “Transvaal and Free State to Lesotho and ne Cape Province” to “southeastern Botswana, northern and central South Africa (Northern Cape to Limpopo, Free State, and northern Eastern Cape), and Lesotho”.

 

page 635, White-throated Canary  Serinus albogularis

Revise the range description for subspecies orangensis from “NE Cape Province, Lesotho, Free State and sw Transvaal” to “northern South Africa (southern North West and western Free State)”.

 

page 636, Streaky-headed Seedeater  Serinus gularis

With the addition of subspecies montanorum and elgonensis, the group Streaky-headed Seedeater (West African) no longer is monotypic. Change the scientific name of this group from Serinus gularis canicapilla to Serinus gularis [canicapilla Group].

Subspecies montanorum and elgonensis properly belong with the group Streaky-headed Seedeater (West African), not with the group Streaky-headed Seedeater (Streaky-headed) (Serinus gularis [gularis Group]).

Revise the range description for subspecies gularis from “N and w Transvaal, adj. Botswana to w Free State, n Cape Prov.” to “southeastern Botswana and northern South Africa”.

Revise the range description for subspecies endemion from “SE Transvaal, Swaziland, s Mozambique to Natal, Cape Prov.” to “eastern South Africa (Mpumalanga to central Free State and Kwazulu-Natal), Lesotho, Swaziland, and southern Mozambique”.

Revise the range description for subspecies humilis from “SW and s Cape Province (east to Great Fish R.)” to “southern South Africa (Western Cape and Eastern Cape)”.

 

page 602, Dead Sea Sparrow  Passer moabiticus

Subspecies mesopotamicus is merged with moabiticus, following Kirwan (2004). Revise the range of moabiticus from “Israel and Jordan” to “Cyprus; southern Turkey south to Israel and Jordan, and east to Iraq, southwestern Iran; primarily resident, but some winter south to Egypt and to the United Arab Emirates”.

Reference:

Kirwan, G.M. 2008. Studies of Socotran birds III. Morphological and mensural evidence for a ‘new’ species in the Rufous Sparrow Passer motitensis complex endemic to the island of Abd ‘Al-Kuri, with the validation of Passer insularis Sclater & Hartlaub, 1881. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 128: 83-93.

 

page 602, Great Rufous Sparrow  Passer motitensis

Revise the range description for subspecies motitensis from “Botswana to Transvaal and n Cape Province” to “Botswana and northwern South Africa (northern Northern Cape and North West)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies subsolanus from “S Zimbabwe to n Orange Free State and nw Swaziland” to “southern Zimbabwe, northwestern Swaziliand, and northeastern South Africa (south to northern Free State)”.

 

page 603, Cape Sparrow  Passer melanurus

Revise the range description for subspecies damarensis from “SW Angola to Namibia, Zimbabwe and n Cape Province” to “southwestern Angola to Namibia, east to Zimbabwe and northern South Africa (Northern Cape, North West, and northern Limpopo)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies melanurus from “Cape Province and sw Free State” to “southwestern South Africa (southern Northern Cape and Western Cape east to Free State)”.

Revise the range description for subspecies vicinus from “Cent. and s Transvaal to Swaziland, Lesotho and e Cape Province” to “eastern South Africa (southern Limpopo to eastern Free State, KwaZulu-Natal and Eastern Cape) and Lesotho”.

 

page 604, White-winged Snowfinch  Montifringilla nivalis

Correct the spelling of asubspecies name from groum-grzimaili to groumgrzimaili.

 

page 605, Scaly Weaver  Sporopipes squamifrons

Revise the range description from “SW Angola to Botswana, Zimbabwe, Transvaal and n Cape Prov.” to “southwestern Angola, Namibia, extreme southern Zambia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, and northern and central South Africa”.

 

page 605, White-browed Sparrow-Weaver  Plocepasser mahali

Correct a typographic error in the range description for subspecies pectoralis: change Botswsana to Botswana.

 

page 605, Gray’s Malimbe  Malimbus nitens

Change the English name of Malimbus nitens from Gray’s Malimbe to Blue-billed Malimbe.

 

page 610, Orange Bishop  Euplectes franciscanus

Change the English name of Euplectes franciscanus from Orange Bishop to Northern Red Bishop, following Dowset and Forbes-Watson (1993), Fry and Keith (2004), Craig (2010), and other authors.

References:

Craig, A.J.F.K. 2010. Family Ploceidae (weavers). Pages 74-197 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 15. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Dowsett, R.J., and A.D. Forbes-Watson. 1993. Checklist of birds of the Afrotropical and Malagasy regions. Volume 1: species limits and distribution. Tauraco Press, Liège, Belgium.

Fry, C.H., and S. Keith (editors). 2004. The birds of Africa. Volume VII. Academic Press, London.

 

page 610, Red Bishop  Euplectes orix

Change the English name of Euplectes orix from Red Bishop to Southern Red Bishop, following Fry and Keith (2004), Craig (2010), and other authors.

References:

Craig, A.J.F.K. 2010. Family Ploceidae (weavers). Pages 74-197 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 15. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. ett, R.J., and A.D. Forbes-Watson. 1993. Checklist of birds of the Afrotropical and Mal

Fry, C.H., and S. Keith (editors). 2004. The birds of Africa. Volume VII. Academic Press, London.

 

page 610, Zanzibar Bishop  Euplectes nigroventris

Change the English name of Euplectes nigroventris from Zanzibar Bishop to Zanzibar Red Bishop, following Dowsett and Forbes-Watson (1993), Craig (2010), and other authors.

References:

Craig, A.J.F.K. 2010. Family Ploceidae (weavers). Pages 74-197 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 15. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Dowsett, R.J., and A.D. Forbes-Watson. 1993. Checklist of birds of the Afrotropical and Malagasy regions. Volume 1: species limits and distribution. Tauraco Press, Liège, Belgium.

 

page 610, Yellow Bishop  Euplectes capensis

Revise the range description for subspecies crassirostris from “NE Transvaal to Uganda, Sudan and Kenya” to “South Sudan, Uganda, eastern and southeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Burundi, central Kenya, and southern Tanzania south to Zambia, Malawi, central Zimbabwe, northeastern South Africa, and central and southern Mozambique”.

 

page 611, Grosbeak Weaver  Amblyospiza albifrons

Revise the range for subspecies albifrons from “Transvaal, KwaZulu-Natal and e Cape Province” to “eastern South Africa”.

 

page 613, Black-faced Waxbill  Estrilda nigriloris

Change the English name of Estrilda nigriloris from Black-faced Waxbill to Black-lored Waxbill, following Fry and Keith (2004).

Reference:

Fry, C.H., and S. Keith (editors). 2004. The birds of Africa. Volume VII. Academic Press, London.

 

page 613, Black-cheeked Waxbill  Estrilda erythronotos

Change the English name of Estrilda erythronotos from Black-cheeked Waxbill to Black-faced Waxbill, following Dowset and Forbes-Watson (1993), Fry and Keith (2004), and other authors.

References:

Dowsett, R.J., and A.D. Forbes-Watson. 1993. Checklist of birds of the Afrotropical and Malagasy regions. Volume 1: species limits and distribution. Tauraco Press, Liège, Belgium.

Fry, C.H., and S. Keith (editors). 2004. The birds of Africa. Volume VII. Academic Press, London.

 

page 613, Red-rumped Waxbill  Estrilda charmosyna

Change the English name of Estrilda charmosyna from Red-rumped Waxbill to Black-cheeked Waxbill, following Dowset and Forbes-Watson (1993), Fry and Keith (2004), and other authors.

References:

Dowsett, R.J., and A.D. Forbes-Watson. 1993. Checklist of birds of the Afrotropical and Malagasy regions. Volume 1: species limits and distribution. Tauraco Press, Liège, Belgium.

Fry, C.H., and S. Keith (editors). 2004. The birds of Africa. Volume VII. Academic Press, London.

 

page 613, Blue-breasted Cordonbleu  Uraeginthus angolensis

Change the English name of Uraeginthus angolensis from Blue-breasted Cordonbleu to the more widely used name Southern Cordonbleu.

 

page 614, Pink-throated Twinspot  Hypargos margaritatus

Revise the range description from “S Mozambique to e Transvaal, e Swaziland and n Natal” to “northeastern South Africa (Limpopo south to Kwazulu-Natal), eastern Swaziland, and southern Mozambique (south of the Save River)”.

 

page 614, Orange-winged Pytilia  Pytilia afra

Revise the range description from “Extreme s Sudan and Ethiopia to Angola and n Transvaal” to “central Ethiopia and southern South Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, southern Congo (lower Congo River Valley), southern Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, Angola, Zambia, and Malawi south to extreme northeastern Namibia, northern and eastern Botswana, northeastern South Africa (Limpopo), and south central Mozambique”.

 

page 615, Red-headed Finch  Amadina erythrocephala

Revise the range description for subspecies erythrocephala from “NW Angola to sw Zimbabwe, Transvaal and n Cape Province” to “northwestern Angola to Botswana, southwest Zimbabwe, and northern South Africa”.

Revise the range description for subspecies dissita from “Arid w Free State and adj. sw Transvaal to n Cape Prov. and Karoo” to “south central South Africa (north to western Free State and southern North West)”.

 

page 615, Red-billed Quailfinch  Ortygospiza gabonensis

Change the English name of Ortygospiza gabonensis from Red-billed Quailfinch to Black-chinned Quailfinch, following Dowset and Forbes-Watson (1993), Fry and Keith (2004), and other authors.

References:

Dowsett, R.J., and A.D. Forbes-Watson. 1993. Checklist of birds of the Afrotropical and Malagasy regions. Volume 1: species limits and distribution. Tauraco Press, Liège, Belgium.

Fry, C.H., and S. Keith (editors). 2004. The birds of Africa. Volume VII. Academic Press, London.

 

page 616, African Quailfinch  Ortygospiza fuscocrissa

Revise the range description for subspecies muelleri from “Kenya to Zambia, Angola, Namibia, n Cape Province, Transvaal” to “southern Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, Angola, to Zambia, western Zimbabwe, and north central South Africa”.

 

page 617, Fiji Parrotfinch  Erythrura pealii

Revise the range description from “Fiji (Kandavu, Viti Levu, Vanua Levu and Taveuni)” to “Fiji (Kadavu, Viti Levu, Vanua Levu and Taveuni)”.

 

page 617, Red-headed Parrotfinch  Erythrura cyaneovirens

Subspecies efatensis and serena, both previously listed under Red-headed Parrotfinch, properly belong with Royal Parrotfinch (Erythrura regia).

 

page 617, Bronze Mannikin  Spermestes cucullatus

Correct the spelling of the species name from cucullatus to cucullata.

Correct the spelling of a subspecies name from scutatus to scutata.

 

page 618, Nutmeg Mannikin  Lonchura punctulata

In accord with NACC (Chesser et al. 2014) and with worldwide usage, change the name of Lonchura punctulata from Nutmeg Mannikin to Scaly-breasted Munia.

Reference:

Chesser, R.T., R.C. Banks, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, A.G. Navarro-Sigüenza, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2014. Fifty-fifth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American Birds. Auk 131 (4): CSi-CSxv.

 

page 620, Northern Paradise-Whydah  Vidua orientalis

Change the English name of Vidua orientalis from Northern Paradise-Whydah to Sahel Paradise-Whydah, following Fry and Keith (2004), Payne (2010), and other authors.

References:

Fry, C.H., and S. Keith (editors). 2004. The birds of Africa. Volume VII. Academic Press, London.

Payne, R.B. 2010. Family Viduidae (whydahs and indigobirds). Pages 198-232 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 15. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

page 620, Long-tailed Paradise-Whydah  Vidua interjecta

Change the English name of Vidua interjecta from Long-tailed Paradise-Whydah to Exclamatory Paradise-Whydah, following Fry and Keith (2004), Payne (2010), and other authors.

References:

Fry, C.H., and S. Keith (editors). 2004. The birds of Africa. Volume VII. Academic Press, London.

Payne, R.B. 2010. Family Viduidae (whydahs and indigobirds). Pages 198-232 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 15. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

page 621, Pale-winged Indigobird  Vidua wilsoni

Change the English name of Vidua wilsoni from Pale-winged Indigobird to Wilson’s Indigobird, following Borrow and Demey (2001), Payne (2010), and other authors.

References:

Borrow, N., and R. Demey. 2001. A guide to birds of western Africa. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Payne, R.B. 2010. Family Viduidae (whydahs and indigobirds). Pages 198-232 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 15. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

page 621, Purple Indigobird  Vidua purpurascens

Revise the range description from “SW Angola to e Namibia, Kenya, Tanzania and Transvaal” to “southwestern Angola; Kenya, northern and northeastern Tanzania, southeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, southern and eastern Zambia, Malawi, western Mozambique, northeastern Botswana, Zimbabwe, and northeastern South Africa (Limpopo and Mpumalanga)”.

 

Reference:

Dickinson, E.C., and J.V. Remsen, Jr. (editors). 2013. The Howard & Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

 

GROUPS

GROUPS – newly created groups

Spur-winged Goose (Northern) Plectropterus gambensis gambensis

Spur-winged Goose (Southern) Plectropterus gambensis niger

Helmeted Guineafowl (Moroccan) Numida meleagris sabyi

Helmeted Guineafowl (Helmeted) Numida meleagris [meleagris Group]

Stone Partridge (Stone) Ptilopachus petrosus petrosus

Stone Partridge (Ethiopian) Ptilopachus petrosus major

Coqui Francolin (Plain-breasted) Francolinus coqui [hubbardi Group]

Coqui Francolin (Bar-breasted) Francolinus coqui coqui

White-throated Francolin (White-throated) Francolinus albogularis [albogularis Group]

White-throated Francolin (Chestnut-breasted) Francolinus albogularis dewittei

Crested Francolin (Kirk’s) Francolinus sephaena Rovuma

Crested Francolin (Crested) Francolinus sephaena [sephaena Group]

Orange River Francolin (Archer’s) Francolinus levaillantoides gutturalis/lorti

Orange River Francolin (Kalahari) Francolinus levaillantoides jugularis

Orange River Francolin (Orange River) Francolinus levaillantoides levaillantoides

Red-necked Francolin (Cranch’s) Francolinus afer cranchii/harterti

Red-necked Francolin (Northern) Francolinus afer [leucoparaeus Group]

Red-necked Francolin (Benguela) Francolinus afer afer

Red-necked Francolin (Southern) Francolinus afer castaneiventer

Chestnut-naped Francolin (Chestnut-naped) Francolinus castaneicollis castaneicollis

Chestnut-naped Francolin (Black-fronted) Francolinus castaneicollis atrifrons

Salvadori’s Pheasant (Salvadori’s) Lophura inornata inornata

Salvadori’s Pheasant (Hoogerwerf’s) Lophura inornata hoogerwerfi

Woolly-necked Stork (African) Ciconia episcopus microscelis

Woolly-necked Stork (Asian) Ciconia episcopus episcopus/neglecta

Little Bittern (Little) Ixobrychus minutus minutus

Little Bittern (African) Ixobrychus minutus payesii

Little Bittern (Malagasy) Ixobrychus minutus podiceps

Gray Heron (Malagasy) Ardea cinerea firasa

Red-chested Goshawk (Banded) Accipiter toussenelii macroscelides

Red-chested Goshawk (Red-chested) Accipiter toussenelii toussenelii/canescens

Red-chested Goshawk (Bioko) Accipiter toussenelii lopezi

African Goshawk (Ethiopian) Accipiter tachiro unduliventer/croizati

African Goshawk (Eastern) Accipiter tachiro sparsimfasciatus

African Goshawk (Pemba) Accipiter tachiro pembaensis

African Goshawk (Southern) Accipiter tachiro tachiro

Rufous-chested Sparrowhawk (Ethiopian) Accipiter rufiventris perspicillaris

Rufous-chested Sparrowhawk (Rufous-chested) Accipiter rufiventris rufiventris

Red-tailed Hawk (Mexican) Buteo jamaicensis kemsiesi/hadropus

Red-tailed Hawk (Tres Marias) Buteo jamaicensis fumosus

Red-tailed Hawk (Socorro) Buteo jamaicensis socorroensis

Red-tailed Hawk (umbrinus) Buteo jamaicensis umbrinus

Denham’s Bustard (Denham’s) Neotis denhami denhami

Denham’s Bustard (Jackson’s) Neotis denhami jacksoni

Denham’s Bustard (Stanley’s) Neotis denhami stanleyi

White-spotted Flufftail (Northern) Sarothrura pulchra [pulchra Group]

White-spotted Flufftail (Southern) Sarothrura pulchra centralis

Dunlin (Icelandic) Calidris alpina schinzii

Dunlin (European) Calidris alpina alpina

Dunlin (Northeast Asian) Calidris alpina [sakhalina Group]

Yellow-legged Gull (Azorean) Larus michahellis atlantis

Yellow-legged Gull (Mediterranean) Larus michahellis michahellis

Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse (African) Pterocles exustus [exustus Group]

Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse (Arabian) Pterocles exustus erlangeri

Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse (Asian) Pterocles exustus hindustan

Lemon Dove (Western) Columba larvata inornata

Lemon Dove (Principe) Columba larvata principalis

Lemon Dove (Lemon) Columba larvata larvata/bronzina

Guinea Turaco (Buffon’s) Tauraco persa buffoni

Guinea Turaco (Guinea) Tauraco persa persa/zenkeri

Knysna Turaco (Northern) Tauraco corythaix phoebus

Knysna Turaco (Southern) Tauraco corythaix corythaix

Black-billed Turaco (Green-rumped) Tauraco schuettii emini

Black-billed Turaco (Black-rumped) Tauraco schuettii schuettii

Fischer’s Turaco (Fischer’s) Tauraco fischeri fischeri

Fischer’s Turaco (Zanzibar) Tauraco fischeri zanzibaricus

Yellow-billed Turaco (Yellow-billed) Tauraco macrorhynchus macrorhynchus

Yellow-billed Turaco (Verreaux’s) Tauraco macrorhynchus verreauxii

White-cheeked Turaco (White-cheeked) Tauraco leucotis leucotis

White-cheeked Turaco (Donaldson’s) Tauraco leucotis donaldsoni

Ruwenzori Turaco (Ruwenzori) Ruwenzorornis johnstoni johnstoni

Ruwenzori Turaco (Mt. Kabobo) Ruwenzorornis johnstoni bredoi

Ruwenzori Turaco (Kivu) Ruwenzorornis johnstoni kivuensis

Thick-billed Cuckoo (African) Pachycoccyx audeberti validus/brazzae

Thick-billed Cuckoo (Malagasy) Pachycoccyx audeberti audeberti

Black Cuckoo (Rufous-throated) Cuculus clamosus gabonensis

Black Cuckoo (Black) Cuculus clamosus clamosus

Barred Long-tailed Cuckoo (Njobo’s) Cercococcyx montanus montanus

Barred Long-tailed Cuckoo (Eastern) Cercococcyx montanus patulus

African Emerald Cuckoo (African) Chrysococcyx cupreus cupreus

African Emerald Cuckoo (Bioko) Chrysococcyx cupreus intermedius

African Emerald Cuckoo (Insular) Chrysococcyx cupreus insularum

Barn Owl (Madeiran) Tyto alba schmitzi

Barn Owl (Canary Islands) Tyto alba gracilirostris

Barn Owl (African) Tyto alba affinis

Barn Owl (Bioko) Tyto alba poensis

Sandy Scops-Owl (Sandy) Otus icterorhynchus icterorhynchus

Sandy Scops-Owl (Reddish) Otus icterorhynchus holerythrus

European Scops-Owl (European) Otus scops [scops Group]

European Scops-Owl (Cyprus) Otus scops cyprius

African Scops-Owl (Annabon) Otus senegalensis feae

African Scops-Owl (Snowy) Otus senegalensis nivosus

Pharaoh Eagle-Owl (Pharaoh) Bubo ascalaphus ascalaphus

Pharaoh Eagle-Owl (Desert) Bubo ascalaphus desertorum

Cape Eagle-Owl (Northern) Bubo capensis dillonii/mackinderi

Cape Eagle-Owl (Cape) Bubo capensis capensis

Spotted Eagle-Owl (Arabian) Bubo africanus milesi

Spotted Eagle-Owl (Spotted) Bubo africanus africanus/tanae

Red-chested Owlet (Western) Glaucidium tephronotum tephronotum

Red-chested Owlet (Pycraft’s) Glaucidium tephronotum pycrafti

Red-chested Owlet (Eastern) Glaucidium tephronotum medje

African Barred Owlet (Spot-fronted) Glaucidium capense scheffleri

African Barred-Owlet (Bar-fronted) Glaucidium capense capense/ngamiense

Chestnut Owlet (Etchecopar’s) Glaucidium castaneum etchecopari

Chestnut Owlet (Chestnut) Glaucidium castaneum castaneum

Mottled Owl (Amazonian) Ciccaba virgata superciliaris/macconnelli

Tawny Owl (Tawny) Strix aluco [aluco Group]

Tawny Owl (Atlas) Strix aluco mauritanica

Great Gray Owl (American) Strix nebulosa nebulosa

Great Gray Owl (Eurasian) Strix nebulosa lapponica

Long-eared Owl (American) Asio otus wilsonianus/tuftsi

Long-eared Owl (Eurasian) Asio otus otus/canariensis

Southern Boobook (Tasmanian) Ninox novaeseelandiae leucopsis

Blyth’s Frogmouth (Indochinese) Batrachostomus affinis continentalis

Blyth’s Frogmouth (Blyth’s) Batrachostomus affinis affinis

Band-winged Nightjar (Tepui) Systellura longirostris roraimae

Nubian Nightjar (Nubian) Caprimulgus nubicus nubicus/tamaricis

Nubian Nightjar (Torrid) Caprimulgus nubicus torridus

Nubian Nightjar (Socotra) Caprimulgus nubicus jonesi

Northern Potoo (Middle American) Nyctibius jamaicensis [mexicanus Group]

Northern Potoo (Caribbean) Nyctibius jamaicensis jamaicensis/abbotti

Little Swift (Little) Apus affinis [affinis Group]

Little Swift (Bannerman’s) Apus affinis bannermani

Little Swift (Indian) Apus affinis singalensis

Horus Swift (Horus) Apus horus horus

Horus Swift (Brown-rumped) Apus horus fuscobrunneus

African Palm-Swift (African) Cypsiurus parvus [parvus Group]

African Palm-Swift (Comoro) Cypsiurus parvus griveaudi

African Palm-Swift (Madagascar) Cypsiurus parvus gracilis

Broad-billed Roller (African) Eurystomus glaucurus [afer Group]

Broad-billed Roller (Madagascar) Eurystomus glaucurus glaucurus

Western Tinkerbird (Western) Pogoniulus coryphaea coryphaea

Western Tinkerbird (Eastern) Pogoniulus coryphaea hildamariae

Western Tinkerbird (Angola) Pogoniulus coryphaea angolensis

Hairy-breasted Barbet (Hairy-breasted) Tricholaema hirsuta hirsuta

Hairy-breasted Barbet (Streaky-throated) Tricholaema hirsuta [flavipuncta Group]

Black-backed Barbet (Brown-backed) Lybius minor minor

Black-backed Barbet (Black-backed) Lybius minor macclounii

Golden-throated Barbet (White-eared) Psilopogon franklinii franklinii/ramsayi

Golden-throated Barbet (Violet-eared) Psilopogon franklinii auricularis

Emerald Toucanet (Gray-throated) Aulacorhynchus prasinus griseigularis

Collared Aracari (Stripe-billed) Pteroglossus torquatus sanguineus

Collared Aracari (Pale-mandibled) Pteroglossus torquatus erythropygius

Rufous-necked Wryneck (Rufous-necked) Jynx ruficollis ruficollis

Rufous-necked Wryneck (Bar-throated) Jynx ruficollis pulchricollis

Rufous-necked Wryneck (Ethiopian) Jynx ruficollis aequatorialis

Golden-spangled Piculet (Undulated) Picumnus exilis undulatus

Golden-spangled Piculet (Buffon’s) Picumnus exilis buffoni

Golden-spangled Piculet (Pernambuco) Picumnus exilis pernambucensis

Golden-spangled Piculet (Bahia) Picumnus exilis exilis

Scaled Piculet (Scaled) Picumnus squamulatus [squamulatus Group]

Bennett’s Woodpecker (Bennett’s) Campethera bennettii bennettii

Bennett’s Woodpecker (Light-spotted) Campethera bennettii capricorni

Golden-tailed Woodpecker (Streak-backed) Campethera abingoni chrysura

Golden-tailed Woodpecker (Golden-tailed) Campethera abingoni [abingoni Group]

Green-backed Woodpecker (Plain-backed) Campethera cailliautii permista

Green-backed Woodpecker (Spot-backed) Campethera cailliautii [cailliautii Group]

Tullberg’s Woodpecker (Tullberg’s) Campethera tullbergi tullbergi

Tullberg’s Woodpecker (Fine-banded) Campethera tullbergi taeniolaema/hausburgi

Brown-eared Woodpecker (Western) Campethera caroli arizela

Brown-eared Woodpecker (Carol’s) Campethera caroli caroli

Elliot’s Woodpecker (Elliot’s) Dendropicos elliotii elliotii

Elliot’s Woodpecker (Johnston’s) Dendropicos elliotii johnstoni

African Gray Woodpecker (Gray) Dendropicos goertae [goertae Group]

African Gray Woodpecker (Sahel) Dendropicos goertae koenigi

Olive Woodpecker (Red-bellied) Dendropicos griseocephalus ruwenzori

Olive Woodpecker (Montane) Dendropicos griseocephalus kilimensis

Olive Woodpecker (Southern) Dendropicos griseocephalus griseocephalus

Golden-green Woodpecker (Gold-throated) Piculus chrysochloros xanthochlorus

Golden-green Woodpecker (Bar-throated) Piculus chrysochloros capistratus

Golden-green Woodpecker (Belem) Piculus chrysochloros paraensis

Golden-green Woodpecker (Spot-throated) Piculus chrysochloros laemostictus

Golden-green Woodpecker (Golden-green) Piculus chrysochloros chrysochloros

Golden-green Woodpecker (Atlantic) Piculus chrysochloros polyzonus

Ringed Woodpecker (Ringed) Celeus torquatus torquatus

Ringed Woodpecker (Amazonian Black-breasted) Celeus torquatus occidentalis

Ringed Woodpecker (Atlantic Black-breasted) Celeus torquatus tinnunculus

Red-necked Falcon (Asian) Falco chicquera chicquera

Red-necked Falcon (African) Falco chicquera ruficollis/horsbrughi

Peregrine Falcon (Red-capped) Falco peregrinus babylonicus

Peregrine Falcon (Shaheen) Falco peregrinus peregrinator

Peregrine Falcon (Indo-Pacific) Falco peregrinus ernesti/nesiotes

Peregrine Falcon (Australian) Falco peregrinus macropus

Peregrine Falcon (Buff-fronted) Falco peregrinus submelanogenys

Blue-crowned Racquet-tail (Blue-crowned) Prioniturus discurus whiteheadi

Blue-crowned Racquet-tail (Blue-capped) Prioniturus discurus discuru

Gray Parrot (Timneh) Psittacus erithacus timne

Gray Parrot (Gray) Psittacus erithacus erithacus

Brown-necked Parrot (Brown-necked) Poicephalus robustus fuscicollis

Brown-necked Parrot (Gray-headed) Poicephalus robustus suahelicus

Red-fronted Parrot (Guinean) Poicephalus gulielmi fantiensis

Red-fronted Parrot (Red-fronted) Poicephalus gulielmi gulielmi/massaicus

Gray-headed Broadbill (Zenker’s) Smithornis sharpei zenkeri

Gray-headed Broadbill (Sharpe’s) Smithornis sharpei sharpei

Gray-headed Broadbill (Gray-headed) Smithornis sharpei eurylaemus

Hooded Pitta (Chestnut-crowned) Pitta sordida cucullata

Hooded Pitta (Nicobar) Pitta sordida abbotti

Hooded Pitta (Sunda) Pitta sordida mulleri/bangkana

Hooded Pitta (Philippine) Pitta sordida sordida/palawanensis

Hooded Pitta (Sangihe) Pitta sordida sanghirana

Hooded Pitta (Minahassa) Pitta sordida forsteni

Hooded Pitta (Papuan) Pitta sordida novaeguineae/goodfellowi

Hooded Pitta (Numfor) Pitta sordida mefoorana

Hooded Pitta (Biak) Pitta sordida rosenbergii

Parana Antwren (Parana) Stymphalornis acutirostris acutirostris

Parana Antwren (Sao Paulo) Stymphalornis acutirostris paludicola

Chestnut-belted Gnateater (Chestnut-belted) Conopophaga aurita [aurita Group]

Chestnut-belted Gnateater (Snethage’s) Conopophaga aurita snethlageae/pallida

Magdalena Tapaculo (Yariguies) Scytalopus rodriguezi yariguiorum

Magdalena Tapaculo (Upper Magdalena) Scytalopus rodriguezi rodriguezi

Ocellated Woodcreeper (Line-crowned) Xiphorhynchus ocellatus beauperthuysii/lineatocapilla

McConnell’s Flycatcher (Guianan) Mionectes macconnelli macconnelli

McConnell’s Flycatcher (Sierra de Lema) Mionectes macconnelli roraimae

McConnell’s Flycatcher (Inambari) Mionectes macconnelli amazonus/peruanus

Golden-faced Tyrannulet (Coopman’s) Zimmerius chrysops minimus/cumanensis

Lesser Wagtail-Tyrant (Lesser) Stigmatura napensis napensis

Lesser Wagtail-Tyrant (Bahia) Stigmatura napensis bahiae

Greater Wagtail-Tyrant (Greater) Stigmatura budytoides [budytoides Group]

Greater Wagtail-Tyrant (Caatinga) Stigmatura budytoides gracilis

Vermilion Flycatcher (Southern) Pyrocephalus rubinus rubinus

Boulton’s Batis (Angolan) Batis margaritae margaritae

Boulton’s Batis (Eastern) Batis margaritae kathleenae

Cape Batis (Malawi) Batis capensis dimorpha/sola

Cape Batis (Gray-mantled) Batis capensis [erythrophthalma Group]

Cape Batis (Cape) Batis capensis capensis

White Helmetshrike (Long-crested) Prionops plumatus plumatus

White Helmetshrike (Yellow-eyed) Prionops plumatus [poliocephalus Group]

Red-billed Helmetshrike (Red-billed) Prionops caniceps caniceps

Red-billed Helmetshrike (Gray-cheeked) Prionops caniceps harterti

Tylas Vanga (Eduard’s) Tylas eduardi eduardi

Tylas Vanga (White-throated) Tylas eduardi albigularis

Chabert Vanga (Chabert) Leptopterus chabert chabert

Chabert Vanga (White-tailed) Leptopterus chabert schistocercus

Hook-billed Vanga (Hook-billed) Vanga curvirostris curvirostris

Hook-billed Vanga (Black-crowned) Vanga curvirostris cetera

Marsh Tchagra (Marsh) Tchagra minutus minutus

Marsh Tchagra (Anchieta’s) Tchagra minutus reichenowi/anchietae

Black-crowned Tchagra (Hooded) Tchagra senegalus cucullatus

Black-crowned Tchagra (Black-crowned) Tchagra senegalus [senegalus Group]

Gabon Boubou (Gabon) Laniarius bicolor bicolor/guttatus

Gabon Boubou (Okavango) Laniarius bicolor sticturus

Mountain Sooty Boubou (Cameroon) Laniarius poensis camerunensis

Mountain Sooty Boubou (Bioko) Laniarius poensis poensis

Mountain Sooty Boubou (Ruwenzori) Laniarius poensis holomelas

Fuelleborn’s Boubou (Usumbara) Laniarius fuelleborni usambaricus

Fuelleborn’s Boubou (Fuelleborn’s) Laniarius fuelleborni fuelleborni

Bokmakierie (Southern) Telophorus zeylonus [zeylonus Group]

Bokmakierie (Chimanimani) Telophorus zeylonus restrictus

Lagden’s Bushshrike (Lagden’s) Malaconotus lagdeni lagdeni

Lagden’s Bushshrike (Eastern) Malaconotus lagdeni centralis

Monteiro’s Bushshrike (Mt. Cameroon) Malaconotus monteiri perspicillatus

Monteiro’s Bushshrike (Monteiro’s) Malaconotus monteiri monteiri

Green-headed Oriole (Green-headed) Oriolus chlorocephalus chlorocephalus/amani

Green-headed Oriole (Gorongosa) Oriolus chlorocephalus speculifer

Velvet-mantled Drongo (Velvet-mantled) Dicrurus modestus coracinus/atactus

Velvet-mantled Drongo (Príncipe) Dicrurus modestus modestus

Crested Drongo (Malagasy) Dicrurus forficatus forficatus

Crested Drongo (Comoro) Dicrurus forficatus potior

Black-headed Paradise-Flycatcher (Tricolored) Terpsiphone rufiventer tricolor/neumanni

Eurasian Jay (Eurasian) Garrulus glandarius [glandarius Group]

Eurasian Jay (Black-capped) Garrulus glandarius [atricapillus Group]

Eurasian Jay (Black-crowned) Garrulus glandarius [cervicalis Group]

Eurasian Jay (Iranian) Garrulus glandarius hyrcanus

Eurasian Jay (Brandt’s) Garrulus glandarius [brandtii Group]

Eurasian Jay (Himalayan) Garrulus glandarius [bispecularis Group]

Eurasian Jay (White-faced) Garrulus glandarius leucotis/barringtoni

Eurasian Jay (Japanese) Garrulus glandarius [japonicus Group]

Eurasian Magpie (Iberian) Pica pica melanotos

Eurasian Magpie (African) Pica pica mauritanica

Eurasian Magpie (Eurasian) Pica pica [pica Group]

Eurasian Magpie (Arabian) Pica pica asirensis

Eurasian Magpie (Black-rumped) Pica pica bottanensis

Eurasian Magpie (Kamchatkan) Pica pica camtschatica

Red-billed Chough (Red-billed) Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax [pyrrhocorax Group]

Red-billed Chough (Ethiopian) Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax baileyi

Slender-billed Crow (Sierra Madre) Corvus enca samarensis/sierramadrensis

Red-winged Lark (Red-winged) Mirafra hypermetra [hypermetra Group]

Red-winged Lark (Rift Valley) Mirafra hypermetra gallarum

Rufous-naped Lark (Somali) Mirafra africana sharpii

Rufous-naped Lark (Sudan) Mirafra africana kurrae

Rufous-naped Lark (Bamenda) Mirafra africana stresemanni/bamendae

Rufous-naped Lark (Rufous-naped) Mirafra africana [africana Group]

Rufous-naped Lark (Serengeti) Mirafra africana tropicalis

Rufous-naped Lark (Blackish) Mirafra africana nigrescens/nyikae

Rufous-naped Lark (Malbrant’s) Mirafra africana malbranti

Sabota Lark (Bradfield’s) Calendulauda sabota [naevia Group]

Sabota Lark (Sabota) Calendulauda sabota [sabota Group]

Greater Hoopoe-Lark (Cape Verde) Alaemon alaudipes boavistae

Greater Hoopoe-Lark (Mainland) Alaemon alaudipes [alaudipes Group]

Horned Lark (Atlas) Eremophila alpestris atlas

Horned Lark (Black-necklaced) Eremophila alpestris [penicillata Group]

Horned Lark (Tibetan) Eremophila alpestris [elwesi Group]

Horned Lark (Brandt’s) Eremophila alpestris brandti

Horned Lark (South Baja) Eremophila alpestris enertera

Horned Lark (Mexican) Eremophila alpestris [chrysolaema Group]

Horned Lark (Colombian) Eremophila alpestris peregrina

Plain Martin (African) Riparia paludicola [paludicola Group]

Plain Martin (Madagascar) Riparia paludicola cowani

White-headed Sawwing (White-headed) Psalidoprocne albiceps albiceps

White-headed Sawwing (Dusky-throated) Psalidoprocne albiceps suffusa

White-bellied Crested-Flycatcher (White-bellied) Elminia albiventris albiventris

White-bellied Crested-Flycatcher (Toro) Elminia albiventris toroensis

Rufous-bellied Tit (Rufous-bellied) Melaniparus rufiventris rufiventris/masukuensis

Rufous-bellied Tit (Cinnamon-breasted) Melaniparus rufiventris pallidiventris

African Penduline-Tit (White-bellied) Anthoscopus caroli [ansorgei Group]

African Penduline-Tit (Yellow-bellied) Anthoscopus caroli roccatii

African Penduline-Tit (Slaty-backed) Anthoscopus caroli rankinei

African Penduline-Tit (Buff-vented) Anthoscopus caroli [caroli Group]

Eurasian Wren (Iceland) Troglodytes troglodytes islandicus

Eurasian Wren (Faeroe) Troglodytes troglodytes borealis

Eurasian Wren (Shetland) Troglodytes troglodytes zetlandicus

Eurasian Wren (Hebridean) Troglodytes troglodytes hebridensis

Eurasian Wren (Fair Isle) Troglodytes troglodytes fridariensis

Eurasian Wren (St. Kilda) Troglodytes troglodytes hirtensis

Eurasian Wren (British) Troglodytes troglodytes indigenus

Eurasian Wren (Eurasian) Troglodytes troglodytes [troglodytes Group]

White-capped Dipper (Santa Marta) Cinclus leucocephalus rivularis

White-capped Dipper (White-bellied) Cinclus leucocephalus leuconotus

White-capped Dipper (White-capped) Cinclus leucocephalus leucocephalus

White-throated Greenbul (White-throated) Phyllastrephus albigularis albigularis

White-throated Greenbul (Green-crowned) Phyllastrephus albigularis viridiceps

White-browed Crombec (White-browed) Sylvietta leucophrys leucophrys/chloronota

White-browed Crombec (Chapin’s) Sylvietta leucophrys chapini

African Reed-Warbler (African) Acrocephalus baeticatus [baeticatus Group]

African Reed-Warbler (Mangrove) Acrocephalus baeticatus avicenniae

Evergreen-forest Warbler (Lopez’s) Bradypterus lopezi lopezi/camerunensis

Evergreen-forest Warbler (Volcanic) Bradypterus lopezi barakae

Evergreen-forest Warbler (Boulton’s) Bradypterus lopezi boultoni

Evergreen-forest Warbler (Eastern) Bradypterus lopezi [mariae Group]

Little Rush-Warbler (Kenyan Highlands) Bradypterus baboecala elgonensis

Little Rush-Warbler (Little) Bradypterus baboecala [baboecala Group]

Black-capped Apalis (Black-capped) Apalis nigriceps nigriceps

Black-capped Apalis (White-tailed) Apalis nigriceps collaris

Yellow-breasted Apalis (Yellow-breasted) Apalis flavida [flavida Group]

Buff-throated Apalis (Black-breasted) Apalis rufogularis rufogularis/sanderi

Buff-throated Apalis (Angola) Apalis rufogularis angolensis/brauni

Buff-throated Apalis (Buff-throated) Apalis rufogularis nigrescens/kigezi

Chestnut-throated Apalis (Kabobo) Apalis porphyrolaema kaboboensis

Chestnut-throated Apalis (Chestnut-throated) Apalis porphyrolaema porphyrolaema/affinis

Gray Apalis (Sclater’s) Apalis cinerea sclateri

Gray Apalis (Angola) Apalis cinerea grandis

Gray Apalis (Gray) Apalis cinerea cinerea/funebris

White-tailed Warbler (Highland) Poliolais lopezi manengubae

White-tailed Warbler (Alexander’s) Poliolais lopezi alexanderi

White-tailed Warbler (Bioko) Poliolais lopezi lopezi

Red-fronted Warbler (Red-fronted) Urorhipis rufifrons rufifrons/smithi

Red-fronted Warbler (Rufous-backed) Urorhipis rufifrons rufidorsalis

Miombo Wren-Warbler (Miombo) Calamonastes undosus [undosus Group]

Miombo Wren-Warbler (Stierling’s) Calamonastes undosus [stierlingi Group]

Long-billed Tailorbird (Long-billed) Artisornis moreaui moreaui

Long-billed Tailorbird (Njesi) Artisornis moreaui sousae

Green Longtail (Green) Urolais epichlorus epichlorus

Green Longtail (Bioko) Urolais epichlorus mariae

Red-faced Cisticola (Red-faced) Cisticola erythrops [erythrops Group]

Red-faced Cisticola (Lepe) Cisticola erythrops lepe

Chubb’s Cisticola (Discolored) Cisticola chubbi discolor/adametzi

Chubb’s Cisticola (Chubb’s) Cisticola chubbi chubbi/marungensis

Rock-loving Cisticola (Rock-loving) Cisticola aberrans [emini Group]

Rock-loving Cisticola (Lazy) Cisticola aberrans [aberrans Group]

Red-headed Cisticola (Namib) Cisticola subruficapilla newtoni

Red-headed Cisticola (Red-headed) Cisticola subruficapilla [subruficapilla Group]

Red-headed Cisticola (Plain-breasted) Cisticola subruficapilla jamesi

Stout Cisticola (Western) Cisticola robustus santae

Stout Cisticola (Stout) Cisticola robustus robustus/schraderi

Stout Cisticola (Omo) Cisticola robustus omo

Stout Cisticola (Rufous-crowned) Cisticola robustus nuchalis/awemba

Stout Cisticola (Angola) Cisticola robustus angolensis

Zitting Cisticola (Zitting) Cisticola juncidis [juncidis Group]

Zitting Cisticola (African) Cisticola juncidis terrestris/cursitans

Cloud Cisticola (Cloud) Cisticola textrix [major Group]

Cloud Cisticola (Cape) Cisticola textrix textrix

Black-necked Cisticola (Ghana/Pale) Cisticola eximius winneba

Black-necked Cisticola (Black-necked) Cisticola eximius eximius/occidens

Pectoral-patch Cisticola (Lynes’s) Cisticola brunnescens lynesi/mbangensis

Pectoral-patch Cisticola (Pectoral-patch) Cisticola brunnescens [brunnescens Group]

Wing-snapping Cisticola (Gabon) Cisticola ayresii gabun

Wing-snapping Cisticola (Wing-snapping) Cisticola ayresii [ayresii Group]

African Hill Babbler (Mt. Cameroon) Sylvia abyssinica monachus

African Hill Babbler (Claude’s) Sylvia abyssinica claudei

African Hill Babbler (Stierling’s) Sylvia abyssinica stierlingi

Brown Warbler (Brown) Sylvia lugens [lugens Group]

Brown Warbler (Gray-vented) Sylvia lugens griseiventris

African Yellow White-eye (Forest) Zosterops senegalensis stenocricotus

African Yellow White-eye (African Yellow) Zosterops senegalensis [senegalensis Group]

Pin-striped Tit-Babbler (Pin-striped) Mixornis gularis [gularis Group]

Pin-striped Tit-Babbler (Palawan) Mixornis gularis woodi

Bold-striped Tit-Babbler (Bold-striped) Mixornis bornensis [bornensis Group]

Bold-striped Tit-Babbler (Mapun) Mixornis bornensis cagayanensis

Blackcap Illadopsis (Western) Illadopsis cleaveri cleaveri/johnsoni

Blackcap Illadopsis (Eastern) Illadopsis cleaveri batesi/marchanti

Blackcap Illadopsis (Bioko) Illadopsis cleaveri poensis

Thrush Babbler (Rufous-tailed) Illadopsis turdina harterti

Thrush Babbler (Thrush) Illadopsis turdina turdina

Thrush Babbler (Olive) Illadopsis turdina upembae

Blackcap Babbler (Blackcap) Turdoides reinwardtii reinwardtii

Blackcap Babbler (Dusky-throated) Turdoides reinwardtii stictilaema

Capuchin Babbler (Capuchin) Turdoides atripennis atripennis/rubiginosus

Capuchin Babbler (Brown-throated) Turdoides atripennis bohndorffi

Pale Flycatcher (Pale) Bradornis pallidus [pallidus Group]

African Forest-Flycatcher (Western) Fraseria ocreata prosphora/kelsalli

African Forest-Flycatcher (Eastern) Fraseria ocreata ocreata

Olivaceous Flycatcher (Olivaceous) Muscicapa olivascens olivascens

Olivaceous Flycatcher (Mt. Nimba) Muscicapa olivascens nimbae

Forest Scrub-Robin (Forest) Cercotrichas leucosticta [leucosticta Group]

Forest Scrub-Robin (Huila) Cercotrichas leucosticta reichenowi

Bearded Scrub-Robin (Bearded) Cercotrichas quadrivirgata quadrivirgata

Bearded Scrub-Robin (Zanzibar) Cercotrichas quadrivirgata greenwayi

Red-backed Scrub-Robin (Red-backed) Cercotrichas leucophrys [leucophrys Group]

Madagascar Magpie-Robin (Black-bellied) Copsychus albospecularis albospecularis

Madagascar Magpie-Robin (White-bellied) Copsychus albospecularis inexpectatus

Madagascar Magpie-Robin (White-winged) Copsychus albospecularis pica

White-bellied Robin-Chat (White-bellied) Cossyphicula roberti roberti

White-bellied Robin-Chat (Albertine) Cossyphicula roberti rufescentior

Mountain Robin-Chat (Highland) Cossypha isabellae batesi

Mountain Robin-Chat (Mountain) Cossypha isabellae isabellae

Archer’s Robin-Chat (Archer’s) Cossypha archeri archeri

Archer’s Robin-Chat (Kabobo) Cossypha archeri kimbutui

Olive-flanked Robin-Chat (White-bellied) Cossypha anomala grotei

Olive-flanked Robin-Chat (Black) Cossypha anomala mbuluensis

Olive-flanked Robin-Chat (Olive-flanked) Cossypha anomala [anomala Group]

Gray-winged Robin-Chat (Black-capped) Cossypha polioptera nigriceps/tessmanni

Gray-winged Robin-Chat (Gray-winged) Cossypha polioptera polioptera

Swynnerton’s Robin (Udzungwa) Swynnertonia swynnertoni rodgersi

Swynnerton’s Robin (Swynnerton’s) Swynnertonia swynnertoni swynnertoni

Brown-chested Alethe (Gray-headed) Pseudalethe poliocephala poliocephala

Brown-chested Alethe (Gabela) Pseudalethe poliocephala hallae

Brown-chested Alethe (Chestnut-backed) Pseudalethe poliocephala compsonota

Brown-chested Alethe (Brown-chested) Pseudalethe poliocephala [carruthersi Group]

Bocage’s Akalat (Grant’s) Sheppardia bocagei granti

Bocage’s Akalat (Bioko) Sheppardia bocagei poensis

Bocage’s Akalat (Bocage’s) Sheppardia bocagei [bocagei Group]

East Coast Akalat (East Coast) Sheppardia gunningi sokokensis

East Coast Akalat (Gunning’s) Sheppardia gunningi [gunningi Group]

White-crowned Forktail (White-crowned) Enicurus leschenaulti [leschenaulti Group]

White-crowned Forktail (Bornean) Enicurus leschenaulti borneensis

Short-toed Rock-Thrush (Short-toed) Monticola brevipes brevipes

Short-toed Rock-Thrush (White-crowned) Monticola brevipes pretoriae

Brown-tailed Chat (Brown-tailed) Cercomela scotocerca [scotocerca Group]

Brown-tailed Chat (Pale) Cercomela scotocerca spectatrix/validior

Moorland Chat (Abyssinian) Cercomela sordida sordida

Moorland Chat (Rudolf’s) Cercomela sordida rudolfi

Moorland Chat (Mt. Kenya) Cercomela sordida ernesti

Moorland Chat (Ngorongoro) Cercomela sordida olimotiensis

Moorland Chat (Mt. Kilimanjaro) Cercomela sordida hypospodia

Mourning Wheatear (Maghreb) Oenanthe lugens halophila

Mourning Wheatear (Basalt) Oenanthe lugens warriae

Red-tailed Ant-Thrush (Red-tailed) Neocossyphus rufus gabunensis

Red-tailed Ant-Thrush (Coastal) Neocossyphus rufus rufus

Spotted Ground-Thrush (Lotti) Geokichla guttata maxis

Spotted Ground-Thrush (Congo) Geokichla guttata lippensi

Spotted Ground-Thrush (Spotted) Geokichla guttata [guttata Group

Black-eared Ground-Thrush (Cameroon) Geokichla camaronensis camaronensis

Black-eared Ground-Thrush (Grauer’s) Geokichla camaronensis graueri

Gray Ground-Thrush (Prince’s) Geokichla princei princei

Gray Ground-Thrush (Bates’s) Geokichla princei batesi

Crossley’s Ground-Thrush (Crossley’s) Geokichla crossleyi crossleyi

Crossley’s Ground-Thrush (Itombwe) Geokichla crossleyi pilettei

Groundscraper Thrush (Heath) Psophocichla litsitsirupa simensis

Groundscraper Thrush (Groundscraper) Psophocichla litsitsirupa [litsitsirupa Group]

Abyssinian Thrush (Ngorongoro) Turdus abyssinicus oldeani

Abyssinian Thrush (Abyssinian) Turdus abyssinicus [abyssinicus Group]

African Thrush (African) Turdus pelios [pelios Group]

African Thrush (Black-lored) Turdus pelios nigrilorum/poensis

African Thrush (Orange-bellied) Turdus pelios stormsi/graueri

White-necked Thrush (Gray-flanked) Turdus albicollis [phaeopygus Group]

White-necked Thrush (Rufous-flanked) Turdus albicollis [albicollis Group]

Meves’s Glossy-Starling (Meves’s) Lamprotornis mevesii mevesii/violacior

Meves’s Glossy-Starling (Benguela) Lamprotornis mevesii benguelensis

Chestnut-winged Starling (Chestnut-winged) Onychognathus fulgidus fulgidus

Chestnut-winged Starling (Hartlaub’s) Onychognathus fulgidus hartlaubii/intermedius

Waller’s Starling (Preuss’s) Onychognathus walleri preussi

Waller’s Starling (Albertine) Onychognathus walleri elgonensis

Waller’s Starling (Waller’s) Onychognathus walleri walleri

Babbling Starling (Western) Neocichla gutturalis gutturalis

Babbling Starling (Eastern) Neocichla gutturalis angusta

Thick-billed Flowerpecker (Thick-billed) Dicaeum agile [agile Group]

Thick-billed Flowerpecker (Striped) Dicaeum agile [aeruginosum Group]

Gray-sided Flowerpecker (Gray-sided) Dicaeum celebicum [celebicum Group]

Gray-sided Flowerpecker (Wakatobi) Dicaeum celebicum kuehni

Cameroon Sunbird (Green-headed) Cyanomitra oritis bansoensis

Cameroon Sunbird (Bioko) Cyanomitra oritis poensis

Montane Double-collared Sunbird (Western) Cinnyris ludovicensis ludovicensis

Montane Double-collared Sunbird (Eastern) Cinnyris ludovicensis whytei

Northern Double-collared Sunbird (Western) Cinnyris reichenowi preussi

Northern Double-collared Sunbird (Eastern) Cinnyris reichenowi reichenowi

Palestine Sunbird (Decorse’s) Cinnyris osea decorsei

Palestine Sunbird (Palestine) Cinnyris osea osea

Oustalet’s Sunbird (Angola) Cinnyris oustaleti oustaleti

Oustalet’s Sunbird (Eastern) Cinnyris oustaleti rhodesiae

African Pipit (Cameroon) Anthus cinnamomeus camaroonensis

African Pipit (Yemen) Anthus cinnamomeus eximius

African Pipit (African) Anthus cinnamomeus [cinnamomeus Group]

African Pipit (Etosha) Anthus cinnamomeus grotei

Long-billed Pipit (West African) Anthus similis bannermani

Long-billed Pipit (Middle Eastern) Anthus similis captus

Long-billed Pipit (Arabian) Anthus similis arabicus

Long-billed Pipit (Socotra) Anthus similis sokotrae

Long-billed Pipit (Nicholson’s) Anthus similis [nicholsoni Group]

Long-billed Pipit (Persian) Anthus similis decaptus/jerdoni

Long-billed Pipit (Indian) Anthus similis similis/travancoriensis

Long-billed Pipit (Burmese) Anthus similis yamethini

Variable Seedeater (Black) Sporophila corvina corvina

Variable Seedeater (Variable) Sporophila corvina [ophthalmica Group]

Cuban Bullfinch (Cuban) Melopyrrha nigra nigra

Cuban Bullfinch (Grand Cayman) Melopyrrha nigra taylori

Great-tailed Grackle (Western) Quiscalus mexicanus [graysoni Group]

Great-tailed Grackle (Great-tailed) Quiscalus mexicanus [mexicanus Group]

Dead Sea Sparrow (Dead Sea) Passer moabiticus moabiticus

Dead Sea Sparrow (Sistan Scrub) Passer moabiticus yatii

White-browed Sparrow-Weaver (Black-billed) Plocepasser mahali melanorhynchus

White-browed Sparrow-Weaver (White-tailed) Plocepasser mahali ansorgei

White-browed Sparrow-Weaver (Spot-chested) Plocepasser mahali pectoralis

White-browed Sparrow-Weaver (White-breasted) Plocepasser mahali mahali

Black-necked Weaver (Olive-backed) Ploceus nigricollis brachypterus

Black-necked Weaver (Black-backed) Ploceus nigricollis nigricollis/melanoxanthus

Spectacled Weaver (Yellow-throated) Ploceus ocularis crocatus

Spectacled Weaver (Black-throated) Ploceus ocularis ocularis/suahelicus

Black-billed Weaver (Western) Ploceus melanogaster melanogaster

Black-billed Weaver (Eastern) Ploceus melanogaster stephanophorus

Chestnut Weaver (Benguela) Ploceus rubiginosus trothae

Chestnut Weaver (Chestnut) Ploceus rubiginosus rubiginosus

Maxwell’s Black Weaver (White-naped) Ploceus albinucha albinucha

Maxwell’s Black Weaver (Maxwell’s) Ploceus albinucha maxwelli/holomelas

Yellow Bishop (Montane) Euplectes capensis phoenicomerus

Yellow Bishop (Ethiopian) Euplectes capensis xanthomelas

Yellow Bishop (Yellow) Euplectes capensis [capensis Group]

Green-backed Twinspot (Orange-breasted) Mandingoa nitidula schlegeli/virginiae

Green-backed Twinspot (Green-breasted) Mandingoa nitidula nitidula/chubbi

Red-faced Crimson-wing (Western) Cryptospiza reichenovii reichenovii

Red-faced Crimson-wing (Eastern) Cryptospiza reichenovii australis/ocularis

Western Bluebill (Western) Spermophaga haematina haematina/togoensis

Western Bluebill (Red-rumped) Spermophaga haematina pustulata

Dusky Twinspot (Angolan) Euschistospiza cinereovinacea cinereovinacea

Dusky Twinspot (Grauer’s) Euschistospiza cinereovinacea graueri

Black-faced Firefinch (Vinaceous) Lagonosticta larvata vinacea

Black-faced Firefinch (Gray) Lagonosticta larvata nigricollis

Black-faced Firefinch (Reddish) Lagonosticta larvata larvata

Scaly-breasted Munia (Checkered) Lonchura punctulata punctulata

Scaly-breasted Munia (Scaled) Lonchura punctulata [nisoria Group]